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More for education than anything else could have done. Most
likely our schools could not have been attended by the poor be
cause of the books that would be necessary. It would not have
made much difference what talent a person possessed if it were
not cultivated. .Another thing, we should not know the events
that take pla.ee in other parts of the world were it not for the
telegraph and telephone. Now we can see by the daily papers
what happens every day. Inventions show the progress of the
■world. —Tillie Nelson,
Eighth Grade. Hoople, N. D.
( oiiiiiiunicntioii Made Kuwy.
Both discovery and Invention have done much to help the
progress of the world. There have been many discoveries and
among them are gold, silver, a large part of South Africa, this
country of ours and innumerable other things. Among the
many inventions are steamships, telegraphs, telephones, machines
And many other things. If the discoveries of land had not taken
place this world would not be so enlightened and the people
would be quite ignorant. But the discoveries of gold, silv—■ and
other precious metals and stones have cost many people their
lives. Take for example in the South African republic since
gold and diamonds have been discovered, war has been carried
on and many people have been killed. Of course gold is impor
tant , but I think i> does more harm than good. Now, to consider
the inventions. The inventions of the above tamed articles have
helped greatly the progress of the world. Now one can sail
across the ocean very quickly in steamships, while before it took
weeks and months. By means of the telegraph and telephone we
now can converse, with people at great distances.
Taking everything into consideration, invention
has done more to help the world.
A Seventh Grade.
One of Little Use Without the Other.
If it were not for discoveries there would be
no inventions and if It wer* not for invention
there would be no discoveries. The discovery of
America led to invention. The invention of
boats led to the discovery of America. Iron was
discovered by the use of tools. Invention makes
invention. Discovery makes discovery. The rea
son is easy to explain: After the first engine was
invented they kept inventing things to improve
it until now it is an entirely different engine.
When they discovered the use of steam it led to
the invention of the engine. When they discov
ered iron it led to the invention of stoves, steam
engines and other machines. Both have been of
great help to the world, although inventions have
done more. —Andrew J. Allen,
Eighth Grade. Worthington, Minn.
The Foundation for Invention*,-
There are many opinions as to which is more
important and which has been the more beneficial
to mankind, discovery or invention. Looking at
it from one point of view, discovery is the more
important because it is fundamental, for if elec
tricity, for instance, had never been discovered
how could our inventions have ever come into
existence? On the other hanii, if electricity had
been discovered and allowed to remain simply a
fact and no effort had been put forth to utilize
the power, what good would we have derived
from it? Our country would never be the power
it is had it not been for the facility with which
people get from place to place and communicate, even though
hundreds of miles apart. The comfort of our homes depends
largely upon the various inventions. Taking steam for another
example; had Watts after discovering that steam was a propel
ling force simply kept the knowledge to himself this world would
be a very different place from what it now is. If this holds good
•with two examples, why not with all? It is very evident that
invention is the more important, for electricity and steam were
of little account before utilized by inventions.
A Tenth Grade, —Ora I. Baker,
Cleveland High School. 920 Forest Street, St. Paul.
Coal Has Saved the Forests.
Discovery is greater than invention . beoause it would be
hard to live if it were not for some of the things that have been
discovered. If it were not for coal we should have very few forests
left, for people would have had them all cut down for fuel long
before this. It takes a great deal- of coal to run all the steam
engines, furnaces, mills and factories. Farming would be very
difficult if iron had not been discovered, as we make most all of
the machinery that we use out of iron. We would have to sow,
cut, rake and thresh grain by hand. The discovery of electricity
is very important. We have lights, cars and other things de
pending on electricity.-There have been many great inventions,
such as the cotton gin, x-ray, steam engine and electric cars, but -
discovery is greater because the things invented " would not be
useful without the help of the things discovered.
Sixth Grade. Renville, Minn. ■
" More TltnxiL Balances.
It is indeed hard to form a decision on this subject, but as I
place the discovery of America on my list the discoveries seem
to overbalance the inventions. What influence has this had upon
the world's progress? It served to develop the minds of the
ancient peoples and to do away with those superstitious ideas
which, so long as they existed, only retarded mental development.
All of those discoveries during the fifteenth century had a vast
Influence upon the revival of learning which inspired many of our
most famous " writers.* The discovery of America was the first
step towards the establishment of this, the most noble of all
the countries of the world. In fact, it marks the awakening of
a new life in an branches of learning. The romantic and ad
venturous spirit of the people broke out afresh as the wonderful
stories of the new land became known. -There have been many
other discoveries worthy of invention, such as the discoveries of
coal, iron, gold and electricity, but none, to my mind, so impor
tant as that of our own dear native land.
—Edith Marie Tremaine, '
Eleventh Grade. Hunter, N. D.
Indispensable to Onr Happiness.
We must first fully understand the meanings of these two
words. The definitions given by Webster are: Discovery—find
ing out or ascertaining something previously unknown or un
recognized. Invention—the exercise of imagination in selecting
and treating a theme. It seems to me these two have gone hand
in band to make the world what it is to-day. Take our own
dear country for example. In the first place the law was discov
ered that certain things would float on water, so the sailboat was
invented; as a result America was discovered. James Watts
discovered ' the latent power concealed in steam. Oar trains,
which seem indispensable, aad the mighty steamships, making us
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1901.
neignoors with foreign lands, are the results. Benjamin Franklin
accidentally discovered electricity and from this , have grown • the
' telegraph j and | telephone, which - make. it possible . for us to I talk
with friends, or transact business with;pepp'e many miles away.
Not _ only this, but when anything of importance takes place on
the other side of the ocean, a message is flashed along the cable
under the water and we hear the news as soon as many on the
continent. where the circumstance occurred. Our electric lights
are also to be remembered. " One of the most recent inventions
is a machine for separating oxygen . from the • air; ; this oxygen
to be used for heating, cooking and lighting purposes. - Such ex
amples could be carried on to an almost. limitless extent. _ The
world is full . of beautiful scientific laws waiting for some one
to - reveal and convert their latent powers into some practical
use. -//"i r;:V-v —Lorena Carter, ".
High School. - ' . Worthington, Minn.
Bnrdeni Have Becone Lighter. , ' \ ''",'„ -:.
■ Although discovery has done much for the world in the past
ages, I firmly believe that venti6n ranks still higher at present
and that it will continue to hold its firm sway in the centuries yet
to come. Discovery is almost, if not sometimes entirely useless,
were it not for.invention, which brings forth such an overabun
dant supply of nature's yieldings. What would the people of the
south do with all their cotton were it not for Eli Whitney's cot- j
; ton gin ?' Their miserable little \ hand process .of - separating the ,
fibre from the seed was surely too tedious to be of profit. Imagine
the farmers without all their farm implements and -the inhab
itants of cities without electric lights, railways, telephones and
SOME YOUTHFUL GOLD HUNTERS
so many more of the everyday comforts. And have they not all
been invented? Hardy adventurers are endeavoring to reach the
north and south poles, to discover land. All^their efforts have
as yet proved in vain and I think they will continue to be. What
great point are they striving for? To win glory, honor and fame.
It can be for nothing else, for these arctic regions cannot be in
. habited by any human being for any length of time whatever.
There are so many more reasons why I think invention the
greater that all cannot be named. But the main and most im
portant of all of them is, that invention has done more for
the world than discovery, by making labor easier, civilizing the
nations and in every way lightening the heavy burdens of the
People. % . . —Emma Kuhfeld,
Ninth Grade. • Moorhead, Minn.
It seems to me that discovery is .by far the greater of the
two, : although invention is \ very great. . If . there were jdo dis
coveries there would be very, very few inventions. it were
| not for discovery, where would we get all our iron? If we had
no iron , engines and other things which: require :it wouldnever
: have been invented. It is the same with all things. It seems to
me that discovery '.has done more to , aid the". progress
of the world and bring about the conditions of to-day than in
vention ever has or ever will. - ; —Maggie Woolery, • J^.,
Seventh Grade. : - Warren, Minn.'
Work for Thoniandi.
Both invention and discovery have had a large share in mak
ing the world as progressive as it is. In the first place, let us see
what influence the former has had on the world. The discovery
of land has served to make the people more energetic. The dis
covery of steam Is another instance of the great influence of dis
covery. It has given thousands of people work and on the other
hand it has made work lighter. The discovery of electricity and
many other things has served to enlighten the world. On the,
other hand < the inventions, such "as printing, steam " ships, tele-'
graphs, telephones and many others ' too numerous. to mention,''
have made the world very powerful. Many things which before
certain things were invented could not be done can now be done
with ease, such as ; sending ', messages over the country on the
| telephone and telegraph in a few minutes, j and over the sea by
cable. If discovery had not come before, many inventions could
not have been made, and so, on the whole, discovery has had
more influence on the world's progress. ...
Eighth Grade. V ;.v^- ; -- Renville, Minn.
Useless Without Inventions,
■ Inventions have had more Influence on'people because they
have been of more use. The discovery of America affected Eu
rope because people wanted to colonize and get possession of the
country and secure the riches they supposed were in it If there
■' had been no inventions how could they have secured the riches?
They needed dynamite, drills, railroad cars and steamships. They
needed the pick and the shovel to dig for the minerals and to
make shafts. How could they have ' done i this, if ■ tools bad not
been invented. Discoveries would be of no use to man if there
were no inventions. They had to nave railroads and steamships
to carry the ores to the factories to be manufactured. The dis
covery of gold in California would have been of no use had not
tools been invented to work the mines. The discovery of gold
(See page 7)
Pew and Far Betyveen.
" - * . • ----- ,^_ . * .'. . ■ \ -_, - - — - .- -■
is not of such importance as the invention of the telegraph, be- ~-j
cause the, latter is almost indispensable in business transactions.
• Commerce could not :be carried on very well without the tele
graph and telephone. . > , —Willie Van Ettan,
Seventh Grade. _ r ; Sauk Rapids, Minn.
. . A'Serlek-of "Ifs."
: Invention has done more for the progress of this world than -
discovery, because Columbus could . not^haVe discovered America
had not. ships been invented. We could not -I write very well if
I pens and. pencils had not been invented. >We '. could not have
the Journal Junior if printing had not been invented. .'.. ■ : -
Sixth Grade, —Archer Roberts,
Union School. Mankato, Minn.
A More Lawting' Effect.
We are at present living in the age of invention. Think of
the effect discoveries and inventions have bad upon the nation
and the welfare of the people. What would tne world be to-day
if it were not for the past discoveries and inventions? Among
the more important discoveries are electricity, steam, chloroform
and alcohol. From electricity some of the most important in
ventions have been made. Steam propels our steamboats, ships,
locomotives and numberless other things. The discovery of
chloroform is also very important, and has been a great aid to
physicians. The important inventions are the telegraph, cotton
gin, reaper, locomotive and sewing machine. The telegraph has
been a great help to the country and brought cities, towns and
countries into close communication * with each
other. The cotton gin brought immense wealth to
the people of the south, caused increase in manu
facturing, made cotton growing profitable, and by
making slavery profitable did more than anything
else to bring on the civil war, the most terrible
struggle of modern times. The sewing machine
lessened the cost of every kind of clothing; of
shoes, boots, harness and everything that can be
sewed. It has given employment to millions at
people, and added to the comfort of every house
hold in the civilized world. The reaper, the great
invention of McCormiek, is one of the most im
portant inventions of the age. it has cheapened
the cost of bread and has been a benefit to the
whole human race. Discovery and invention have
had a great effect upon the people and made them
progressive and intelligent. It is very hard to
decide which is the more important, but inven
tion has the more lasting effect.
—Paul R. Bohen,
Tenth Grade. Trempeleau, Wis.
They Go Hand in Hand.
If someone had not invented the sailboat
America would not have been discovered. If
steam had not been discovered steamboats would
not have been invented. If electricity had not
been discovered the many electrical contrivances
•would not have been invented. Discovery and in-
Je*btion work together because inventions are de
endent upon discoveries and discoveries are
qually dependent upon inventions.
Sixth Grade. Wortbington, Minn.
Fir«( and More Important.
Discovery is greater than invention because
re have to discover before we can invent. For
istance, the invention of the steamboat and
c very great, but they could not have
been invented unless the iron of which they are partly made
had been discovered first. Therefore discovery has had the
greater effect upon the world's progress. —Nettie Rowc,
Sixth Grade. Adrian, Minn.
Cripple Creek, Colorado
THE HIGHEST REWARD,
In a certain class of Russian schools the highest reward given
is the initial letter of the empress' name. It consists of the initial
in solid gold, an inch and a quarter in height, on a blue bow.
TAKES THE PLACES OP LUNGS.
Machinery in glass blowing factories has taken the place of
human lungs and hands. Heretofore glass blowing by machin
ery has been regarded as among the impossibilities.
[The Cats' Tea Party!
Five pretty little pussy-cats, invited out to tea,
Cried: "Mother, let us go—oh, do! for good
we'll surely be.
We'll wear our bibs and told our things as you
have shown us how—
Spoons in our right paws, cups in left —and make
a pretty bow;
We'll always say, 'Yes, if you please, and Only
half of that' "
"Then go, my darling children," said the happy
The pretty little pussy-cats went out that night
Their heads were smooth and glossy black, their
tails were swinging free;
They held their things as they had learned, and
tried to be polite—
With snowy bibs beneath their chins they were a
But ah! alas for manners good, and coats as soft
The moment that the little kits were asked to
take some milk
They dropped their spoons, forgot to bow, and—
oh, what do you think?
They put their noses in the cups, and all began
Tes, every naughty little kit set up a mieu for
Then knocked the tea cops over quick, and scam
pered through the door.