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LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN,
THE J O L R N A 1. is published
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The Life Sentence
We are unable to appreciate as an ar-'
gument in favor of the release of the
Younger brothers the fact that they have
survived in the penitentiary longer than
was expected. These men were sentenced
for atrocious murder. They were prin
cipals in an attempt to rob a bank in
broad daylight, and in order to carry out
their design the robbers were prepared to
kill anybody who interefered, and did com
mit murder. It is to the credit of Min
nesota that these men have been held in
confinement as long as they have, and
that misplaced sympathy has not set them
tree. • It will be worth much to the repu
tation of Minnesota as a place where crime
is punished, justice is done, and criminals
■are not made the beneficiaries of sickly sen
timentality, if these notorious bandits are
compelled to end their days just where they
are. If they had died eight or ten years
ago there would have been no question as
to the justice of the penalty. The fact
that they have survived till this time and
are still in the enjoyment of life and mak
ing themselves useful to the state against
which they committed so great a crime fails
to present sufficient reason why they should
now be released from the penalty which it
was decreed they should pay. A life sen
tence should mean a life sentence if it
was a just sentence when imposed.
Speaking of the apparent greater busi
ness activity in Minneapolis than in St.
Paul and the peculiar fact that state capi
tals are seldom the best commercial cities
of their respective states, the circumstance
Is explained by one of the recent commer
cial excursionists In the city who observes
that this is probably due to the purpose of
locating the capital of any political divi
sion at the dead center.
The Cuban Outlook
The foreigners who bought the $500,000,
--000 to $600,0d0,000 bonds issued by Spain
against the revenues of Cuba, have no
doubt come to the conclusion that they
cannot hold the United States responsible
for the amount, since the efforts of the
Spanish commissioners at Paris utterly
failed to get our government to consent to
such a preposterous saddling of Spanish
debt upon the United States. It is not in
the bond, and these bondholders will
have to get what they can out of the
Cubans, which certainly will not be much,
No doubt the democratic newspapers
•which have been proclaiming that there is
(Philadelphia Times, for instance) " a po
litical and commercial conspiracy for the
retention of Cuba, in which the represen
tatives and advisers of the administration
are engaged, the most infamous of «I 1
that have been hatched out of our new
imperialism," would like to have our gov
ernment assume this big indebtedness,
but they -will not be gratified. Senator
Prye .thinks the Cubans should insert a
clause in their constiution repudiating
this big Spanish claim, because it is most
probable that, as soon as Cuban sovereignty
is declared, the French and Spanish hold
ers of these bonds, which they bought at
a dirt-cheap price, will demand full pay
ment and Cuba will not be able to pay and
Prance and Spain will seek to recoup in
behalf of their citizens. Mr. Prye holds
that the Teller resolution of 1898 effec
tually 'prevents congress from amending
or rejecting any part of the Cuban consti
tution and consequently his proposition to
get the Cubans to repudiate the bonds
aforementioned would be meddling and
interfering in the way he has said was
impossible under the Teller resolution.
The talk of an administration conspiracy
to "crush the Cubans Is about as absurd
as the charge that President McKinley is
secretly preparing with Miles, Otis, Mac-
Arthur, Wade, Corbin and other military
men, to overthrow the republic and set
up a monarchy and enslave 78,000,000
Americans. The president is proceeding,
step by step, to carry out the policy of
pacifying Cuba and preparing the people
for self-government by establishing sta
bility of government and security for life
and property on the island. The Teller
resolution does not supersede the Treaty
of Parts and cannot. The treaty is as
much a part of the supreme law of the
land as the tariff or excise laws. It
definitely requires the establishment of a
stable government in Cu-ba before evacua
tion by our troopg. it Is the duty of the
United States to do this and to Insure
stability. The president called together
the constitutional convention on this un
derstanding, viz., that the United States
must see that the guarantees of stability
given by the Cubans are sufficient. This
is understood by all intelligent Cubans
and two prominent Cuban papers have ad
vocated the exercise of this function by
the United States. The duty of our gov
ernment is to actualize the Teller resolu
tion and the terms of the treaty of Paris.
One cannot be separated from the other,
for they both are oblfgatory. One is of
as much importance as the other. Both
contemplate the security of both Cuban
and United States interests.
Mrs. Nation's hatthet seeme to have
chopped a big hole in the crust of indiffer
ence end neglect of official duty in Kansas.
The attorney general of the state has com
menced to move at last and says that the
prohibitory law must be enforced through
out the state.
The Electoral Count
Congress, in joint Session, will this week
go through the form of ascertaining and
announcing the vote cast by the electoral
college of each state. A change has been
introduced in the mode of announcing the
vote which deprives the presiding officer
of the senate of the right to declare such
and such persons elected after ascertain
ing from the tellers the state of the vote.
Under the revised rules, the presiding
officer can only announce the state of the
vote as he receives the count from the tell
ers and make no decdaration as if he were
the determining authority.
In 1877, when the Hayes-Tilden contro
versy nearly brought on the horrors of
civil wax, the function of the senate's pre
siding officer as the announcer and de
clarer of the vote for president and vice
president, was the chief point in conten
tion along with the dispute about going
behind the returns. The electoral commis
sion alone prevented a clash of arms, both
parties agreeing to submit to the decision
of that extraordinary court, one, indeed,
entirely extra-constitutional. Yet this
settlement, which to this day is character
ized as a "fraud" by many democrats, who
contend that Tilden was elected, was fol
lowed by a needed cessation of partizan
agitation of the extreme kind and pro
motion of peace between the sections and
the beginning of the great uplift of the
southern states to industrial and com
The settlement of 1877 proved a godsend
for the south, indeed, and a strong stimu
lus to the national progress. The consti
tutional method of counting and announc
ing the presidential vote proved to be fal
lible and it may prove to be fallible again.
Anyone who has read the debates oh the
constitutipn in the Virginian convention
of 1788, will recall what a hard time Mr.
Madison and other champions of the pro
posed federal constitution then had to
bring the dissidents around to their way
of thinking. And in that Virginia con
vention there were many of the brainiest
men In the confederation, many of them
opposing the electoral college system on
the ground that the people would have no
part in 1 the election of a president. The
system was adopted finally because it was
deemed best by the majority to filter the
electoral power through a body intermedi
ate, the original motion being that the
people would elect the electors and they
would vote at their own discretion for can
didates for president and vice president
whom they, in their judgment, deemed to
be the most competent and worthy.
This conception has been entirely evap
orated in practice, and thus the talk of
direct popular vote is heard just now in
stronger terms than heretofore.
It is difficult to see which course of
action would reflect more seriously or
produce consequences more to the repub
lican party—refusal by the democrats in
the senate to permit a vote on the ship
subsidy bill, and thus kill it off for this
session, or consent by the democrats to a
vote and the passage of the bill by the
republicans. In the first instance, the re
publicans would owe their escape from a
very bad piece of business to democratic
defense of the public treasury. In the
second case, they would succeed in put
ting through a measure against democratic
opposition which is well calculated to
make serious trouble for the party in the
next election, whether it goes through the
house or not. The proper thing is for the
republicans in the senate to kill it them
The British troops in China have three
Chinese gods of special value and inter
est lor sale. Ordinary cheap gods are
sold every day. These three are no bar
gain-counter specimens but selected stock
from the looting of the Chinese temples
by British troops. And. yet, people won
der why the Chinese hate the "foreign
devils." The conduct of Russian, French,
German and even British 'troops in offer
ing violence, indignities and outrage to
the Chinese has greatly increased the
difficulties of arriving at a peaceful set
tlement,, and planted animosities and feel
ings of revenge in » the Chinese nature
which axe bound to produce a large crop
of consequences in the future.
Mrs. Nation is going on the lecture plat
form. It very often turns out that way.
Dr. Mary Walker, who still
Jjr. Jntirv Insists on wearing them, con-
Walker tlmies to furnish a problem to
, the thoughtful mind. She ap
ana peared in New York city the
"Them." other day in imported tweeds,
turned up at the bottoms, while
in her natty four-in-hand scarf appeared a
fancy pin. When she appeared on the tenth
floor of one of the large office buildings, the
news spread so rapidly that nearly all work
was stopped in the building while the tenants
crowded around and gave her quite an im
promptu reception. Dr. Walker explained
some of the troubles that her unwonted attire
caused her. While addressing the legislature
at Albany last week some one stole her silk
tile, probably for a souvenir. A painful Inci
dent also occurred at the reception. A law
yer to whom she had been introduced as Dr.
Walker did not understand. In his simple,
hospitable way he slapped her on the shoul
der and invited her and the crowd "around
to L/ipton's," Mr. Upton being a dispenser
of several varieties of liquid damnation whose
use Mrs. Nation is doing so much to discour
age in Kansas. Dr. Mary resented this and
told him that he was no gentleman. "Neithar
are you," said an irreverent office boy, and
this broke up the reception.
A woman who has never tried to wear
"them" cannot conceive the trouble they
occasion. Think of going to a hotel and
sleeping in the nightly fear that some one
may steal them for souvenirs or for a souve
nir. Which Is correct?
These violent changes, even when they
turn -up at the- bottoms, are not easy to
bring about. It is believed that br. Mary is
the only lady who now openly goes to such
lengths of garmentmental reform.
The enterprising town that holds up two
fingers and whistles shrilly through its teeth
now gets a Carnegie library.
Lord Roberta says that he did not have at
any time nearly men enough to cover the
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
territory overrun in South Africa. It 1b be
coming clearer that Mr Chamberlain bit off
an extremely large mouthful.
Jack Chirm of Kentucky is now carrying a
new vest-pocket hammerleas "gun" that
shoots little steel pellets 600 feet. Mr.
Chlon's enemies will be giveu homeopathic
treatment if they do not "treat" first.
Sunset and evening star,
And one clear call for me.
And there will be some mourning at the bar
When 1 get there, by gee.
Chicago is enjoying fifteen inches of snow,
with here and there some three-foot drifts.
We repeat that the great winter ies6rt has
OTHER PEOPLE'S OPINIONS
The Deportation of «!<•«-.
To the Editor of The Journal.
In the Minneapolis Journal of the 29th of
January, 1 noticed the following article about
George T. Rico, the editor who was deported
A member of the First South Dakota regi
ment says he was well acquainted with
ueorge T. Rice, the editor who was recently
deported from Manila by the military authori
ties for sedition. This soldier says that Rice
conducted a vile publication and that while
he was in the army he continually gave ut
terance to treasonable sentiments and was
frequently ducked in the Pasig river by his
comrades and would have been handled much
more severely but for his youth. He was at
that time a member of Company Q of the
Thirteenth Minnesota. Besides encouraging
the Filipinos by word of mouth, he is also
charged with being the author of a circular
that appealed to the soldiers to shoot high
so as not to wound the Filipino "patriots"
when meeting them in battle.
I wish to state that the South Dakota soldier
does not know what he is talking about, arid
that the whole article is false. The writer
of this article is a resident of Kenyon. Minn.,
and during the Spanish-American war was
a member of Company Q, First North Dakota
infantry. He has known Georgo T. Rico
since 1897. Rice was an inmate of the state
training school at Red Wing, Minn., where he
was sent five years ago from Albert Lea.
There was no charge against him, but as he
had no home he was placed in thac school
in order that he might be properly cared
While an inmate of the training school he
learned the printer's trade, and in 1897, he
came to this place and worked in a local
In February of 1898 he returned to Red
Wing and in the following April inlisted in
Company G of that city and went to the
Philippines with the Thirteenth. I went to
North Dakota in the spring of '98 and went
with the North Dakota regiment to Manila.
I met Rice while in camp at San Francisco,
and at Honolulu, and Quite often at Manila,
and since I left the Philippines have kept
up a correspondence with him. I have re-
ceived copies of Rico's paper, the Daily Bulle
tin. Rice was discharged from the Thirteenth
Minnesota in August, 1899. He remained at
Manila and entered into a newspaper enter
prise called the Philippine Publishing com
pany, of which he was the owner. He next
held a position as clerk of the "nautical ex
pert" in the hydrographioal office, which is
the captain of the port's building.
About this time the Daily Bulletin, which
is a paper published in the interest of the
merchant marine and business men of Manila,
and is owned by Corson Taylor, was started,
and Rice was given a position aa editor.
While Rice was a resident of Kenyon he
was wel and favorably known by all as one
never afraid to speak the truth. His record
in the army was a splendid one. He was
highly spoken of by his comrades and all
who knew him. He was never known to
utter any treasonable sentiments, and would
sooner fight Filipinos than eat.
While the writer knew him ho always up
heli the policy of the administraMon, and
in the letters and copies of the Daily Bulletin
I received from him, I never saw one utter
ance against the administration. But, as the
editor of a paper which was published in the
interest of the merchant marine and business
men of Manila and from whom if received
its support, he, acting on the information re
ceived, made charges of excessive pilotage
and moorage fees, wlilch he claimed the cap
tain of the ports put into his own pocket.
Knowing George T. Rice "as I do. I believe
there is something to his charges against
the captain of the port, although Major Mills
puts the blame on the editor and those who
gave .him information. We also doubt the
justice of deporting him to the United States.
George T. Rice is only 19 y^ars old. He
had two other brothers in the army. One of
them, who is now a resident of Sargent,
Minn., was shot through his left bne&st and
left arm at Santiago, Cuba, June 1, 1898.
—Ole G. Sandstad,
Co. G, First North Dakota Infantry.
I wish to add to the above that George T.
Rice worked for me as compositor during the
year of 1897 and early part of 1898. He was
a stanch republican and very patriotic. He
had only one fault (?) and that was to fear
lessly tell the truth, no matter whom it hit.
—Oscar H. Neil,
Editor of the Signal.
To the Editor of The Journal.
Under the head of "The Edwards of Eng
land" in your issue of Jan. 25, a correspond
ent makes the statement that the king of
England cannot be a descendant of Edward
IV., 'because Edward IV. and Edward V.
were of the house of York, which was driven
off the throne by Henry VII., and their line
of decent ran out long before the present
king saw the light."
Richard 111. fell at Boswortli Field, in which
battle his army was defeated by that of Henry
VII. Henry afterwards caused to be put to
death the yoUng Earl of Warwick, who was
Richard's nephew and the rightful heir to the
crown. The male line of the Plantagenets
thus became extinct. But Henry had still
further strengthened his position by marry
ing Elizabeth of York, the daughter of Ed
ward IV. This marriage united the Red Rose
with the White and the houses of Lancaster
and York were merged in the dynasty of the
Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry and
Elizabeth, became the wife of James IV.
of Scotland. Through Margaret, .lames VI.
of Scotland was heir to the English throne
and, on the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1602,
became James I. of England. He was the
great grandfather of George I.
These being historical facts, Edward VII.
can, at a distance of twelve generations, claim
descent from Edward IV., the "Lion of
March." _m. E. B.
A FALSE ACCUSER
In the Popular Science Monthly for Febru
ary, Harvey Maitiand Watts scolds the news
paper press of the United State 3 for alleged
indifference to scientific meteorology; for
promoting the calling of the professional
weather prophet and quack; for misrepre
senting facts. Mr. Watts pats himself on the
back as possessing vast meteorological
knowledge and proceeds to repeat the ru
dimentary catechism and primer of the
United States weather bureau, apparently un
der the impression that no newspaper men
know anything upon the subject.
A3 a matter of fact, the newspapers of this
country give all the space needful for the
weather bureau's reports, and the American
public are kept billy informed as to high and
low "barometer areas, velocity of wind, pre
cipitation of moisture, temperature, proba
bilties, etc. Yet this Philadelphia critic says
the newspapers "confuse facts"; "confirm
popular error"; know nothing of the "main
facts of weather drift"; "still accept the con
cepts of their grandfathers"; "refuse to rec
ognize much, if any, difference between the
scientist and the charlatan."
Of course, this is an atrocious libel on the
newspapers, and all because the newspapers,
in their general disposition to be accommo
dating, give Oldest Inhabitant and Pioneer
and the rest a chance to tell whether there
is going to be a dry spell or what the goose
bone indicates about a hard winter, while
at the same time giving up lots of space every
day to the reports and predictions of the of
ficial weather forecaster of the signal serv
ice. The Philadelphia weather sharp is sus
piciously jealous of the comparatively small
space giren to the unprofessional weather
predicters, and would seem to fear the com
parison of their gueases with the scientifi
cally determined signs of the weather bureau.
Joy In Nebraaky,
Nebraska State Journal.
Snow now covers almost the entire winter
wheat belt of the United States. It will not
only protect the wheat from frost, but will
furnish moisture to nourish the roots and at
the same do away with the Hessian fly,
which has been a menace to the crop. The
outlook Is indeed encouraging.
Frederick Warde in "The Dnke'i
Jvuter" at the Hijou.
Frederick Warde, one of the foremost actors
of the American stage, i« at the Bijou for a
week's engagement. Mr. Warde was wel
comed by two magnificent audiences yester
day which found a great variety of enter
tainment In his impersonation of Cecco, the
Duke's Jester, a role not new to Minne
"The Duke's Jester" is a rather indiffer
ent performance judged from the standpoint
of the dramatist, but artificial and uncon
vincing as it is in construction, it is never
theless strong in those passages In which
the duke's fool, Cecco, an exiled nobleman
who has put on motley to be near the wom
an he love», pours out his passion. As a fool
Ceceo must dissemble, and hte transitions
from grave to gay, from bitter anguish to
demoniac laughter, are marvelous revela
tion* of the art of acting when depicted by
an artist of Mr. Warde's capabilities.
It may be questioned if the stage has ever
held a player with a finer, nobler enthusiasm
than that which has actuated every step of
Mr. Warde's histrionic career. His earnest
ness and genuine love of his art make him
careless of everything else. Is it a bad night
that prevents people from attending the the
ater? Are menibers of his company 111, ren
dering his task doubly difficult? Are there
any one or a dozen of ten thousand vexations
to try the soul of an actor confronting him?
No matter. H.- cannot be put out or defeated.
The noble ei.thusiasm that consecrates his
art transports him on eagl» pinions over all
annoyances. He ia the same virile, forceful,
enthusiastic actor whether there are two or
ten thousand persons in the audience. And
it is most interesting to note the illumina
tion of many ressages in the text because of
this splendid, vital enthusiasm—passages that
would otherv.ie be gabbled over without
leaving a trace of their significance.
It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that
Mr. Warde never appeared stronger, clearer,
more aspiring, than at yesterday's matinee
performance. His voice is in excellent con
dition, and he looks the picture of rugged
E. R. Spencer, as the Duke of Milan, im
parted an extremely Frenchy flavor to that
noble personage, shrugging his shoulders
and stalking about with a \ery Richard 111.
swagger. But Mr. Spencer read his lines well
and acceptably played the duke and the fool
alternately. Others in the cast were Cyrus
Hales, Frederick Forrester, H. C. Barton,
Alex McKenzie, Douglas Fairbanks, Ed
Royal, Isabel Pengra-Spencer, May Warde,
Florence E. Edford and Bessie Hunter.
-W. A. D.
"The Belle of New York" began a brief
engagement at the Metropolitan last night.
The performance was bright, breezy and up
to-date. The company includes a cluster of
stars and the result is a tornado of merri
ment. A review of the performance will
appear in this column to-morrow.
"The Singing Girl," an opera new to Min
neapolis, will be given on Thursday and
Friday evenings at the Metropolitan by the
Alice Nielsen Opera company. On Saturday
afternoon and evening "The Fortune Tel
ler," heard here two years ago, will be pre
sented. An original theme for a comic opera
A Secret Contract
BY J. McLYALL.
Copyright, 1901, by A. S. Richardson.
Of all the races on the face of the earth, bar none, the Chinese are the moat in
different to suffering, the most deceitful and the most cruel. As they have no pity
or mercy for each other, they cannot be expected to have any for foreigners. No
Chinaman dreads death. He is a liar to his wife, to his children and to himself.
He is cruel to everything that lives. Much has been written of his filial respect. It
is true that he assumes a reverence for his parents, but it is also true that if he
saw one of them drowning he would not stretch forth a saving hand. He is crafty
and hypocritical far beyond any other nationality, and, much as hfc pretends to love
his religion, he never lets it interfere with his greed, selfishness or revenge.
However, if you care to know which is the worst type of a barbarian race, it is
the Chinese pirate. He is a convict and an outlaw before he becomes a pirate.
If he were not a thief, robber and murderer he would not be taken into a band.
He is a fiercer and more persistent fighter than the Malay or the Arab. On land,
as a soldier, he will run away when he knows he is defeated, but on the sea, as a
pirate, he will go down with his junk rather than surrender or draw off. If taken
prisoner, he will try to kill at least one of his captors, and whether successful or
not, he will put an end to things by committing suicide if the opportunity occurs.
In the year 1886 I was half owner and captain of the bark Wanderer in the China
trade, and while at Canton I received a queer offer from the viceroy of that province.
Piracy, as far as meddling with foreign commerce was concerned, had long been dead,
but there were plenty of Chinese pirates who still preyed on the crafts of their own
nation. For 300 miles to the north the coast is studded with islands, among which
a fellow named Wong-Chin has his rendezvous. He was credited with commanding
twenty junks and 600 men. For years he had no doubt paid the viceroy and other
officials a commission on his plunder. He finally got so strong and bold that he re
fused to pay further tribute, and when a few war junks were sent to bring him to
terms, he captured the crafts and butchered the crews to the last man. The vice
roy naturally felt that he had to do something to restore his authority and keep his
record at Peking clear. Through a mandarin and a firm of American importers he
made me an offer. I was to arm and equip the Wanderer for a cruise, take all the
risks and be paid so much per head for all pirates killed and so much per craft for
all junks destroyed.
I should not have entertained the proposition under ordinary circumstances, but
it so happened that certain thing? nicely fitted in with it. I could piok up a large
crew without much trouble, and at Canton was a German who wanted to go into
partnership with me. He was agent for Herr Krupp, and had with him four quick
firing six-pounders, and half a dozen rapid-fire guns, with plenty of ammunition. He
had gone to Peking with his ordnance, but it was altogether too new a thing for the
Chinese, and it had come back to the coast to be reshipped to Germany. I made
terms with the agent, and then I entered into a written secret contract with the
viceroy. Of course, he did not appear in the matter, either personally or by name,
but nevertheless he was backing it for all he was worth. A sum of money amounting
to $25,000 was deposited to my credit in advance, and then we began work in earnest.
I picked out thirty good men for a crew, and got among them ten who had seen man
of-war service. Needed alterations were soon made, and when we finally got ready
to sail to the north we were in shape to give a good account of ourselves.
I had but one plan from the start. I knew the island on which the pirate leader
had his headquarters. I knew, also, that we would have to trick him to get him to
attack. We might sail up and down with a foreign flag flying and he would keep
hands off. On the other hand he would not look for us to interfere in case he cut a
junk out from under our very bow* After getting within fifty miles of his island, I
hired two trading junks to act as decoys. Their crews were delighted at the idea of
bringing old Wong-Chin to book, and cheerfully agreed to play the part assigned them.
The pirate junks voyaged for a hundred milea up and down the coast, and for fifty
miles to sea, but, as all the fleet had gone north on an expedition just at this time,
we were above the island before we sighted any .of them. There were eighteen junks
in the fleet. The pirates were returning home disappointed of plunder. At first sight
of ttiem we hauled up and stood out to sea, as if seeking to escape, and as a further
enticement, we made the bark look a wreck aloft. What I wanted was to draw them
well off the land, and the trick worked beautifully. We were fifteen miles at sea be
fore we showed our hand.
If those men had been anything but pirates we could have cheered them for the
way they came on. Old Wong-Chin, as admiral, had studied out certain tactics, and
the fleet executed quite a number of maneuvers before finally closing in on us. He
had planned to take us without much fuss or noise, and there was little firing as the
crafts approached. From a count of the men in three different junks I estimated the
total number in the fleet at 550. Our decoy junks had the usual ten men apiece, and
the pirates would estimate our crew at about sixteen. We looked to be such easy
prey that. I wondered at the whole fleet's coming after us. The fellows may have
looked for a brief resistance with small arms, but they had no idea of the surprise
awaiting ttoem. While I attended to the sailing of the bark, the agent took charge
of one of the six-pounders, the mates of two others and the boatswain of the fourth
Old men-of-warsmen had the handling of the one-pounders, and we girded ourselves
up the see the fur fly.
Of a sudden, and as the leading junk fired slam bang into us with a solid shot
the hidden ports in our bulwarks were opened and the music began It was like
shooting with a rifle at a barn door. Those chaps must have had many surprises
in their time, but nothing like our opening salute had ever happened them True
to their nature, they attempted to fight back, but their crafts were blown out of water
while the crews pointed their guns. Wong-Chin soon saw that he must close in with
us to make his strength tell, but as we had a good working breeze I baffled all his
plans. I don't believe it was over ten minutes from the firing of the first shot when
we had destroyed twelve of his junks. The one-pounders swept the decks of men
and the six-pounders drove through the hulls of three and four Junks at once When
I had placed the bark between the rest of the fleet and the island the Ktupd acent
said he wanted to go slower in the firing. He had never seen his guns in actual ser
vice before and he wanted to make notes and watch results.
The only excuse I can offer for annihilating that fleet is that it was manned
by pirates. I was bound to earn my money to the last "cash," and did not intend
to let one single man escape. We kept away and used the Bix-pounders alone and no
one ever saw prettier plays with ordnance. When a shell was used and exploded Just
right, the junk was on her way to the bottom by the time the smoke lifted Where
we used solid shot it took three of them to knock the craft Into kindling wood Not
a junk attempted to sneak away, though some could have made their escape had
they tried. As long as a gun would bear on us the pirates kept firing away but when
they realized that they were doomed, they defied and reviled us and died with curses
on their lips. We saved the flagship for the last, and it was not the pirate leader's
fault that he did not lay aboard. A shell was finally fired ints his craft amidshios
and the explosion of the missile divided her into quarters. Wong-Chin screamed at us
to the last second of his life. We did not take a single prisoner, nor was one junk
left floating on the bosom of the sea.
I expected treachery on the part of Hu-Li, the mandarin middleman and was not
disappointed. He wanted the |25,000 to settle the whole thing, whereas there was
over 1100,000 due us. We got him to make a short run to sea with us, accompanied
by an old Junk, and then we turned the guns loose on the craft as an object lesson
It was a success. The old coon came down as softly as you please, and settled up
with us on the square. England tried to raise a scandal over our work and I believe
the French protested, but nothing ever came of it. We had done the whole world as
well as China, a good service, and the life of a Chinaman, even when cluased ag a
respectable citizen, in held too cheap to kick up much of a bobbery about.
Is hard' to get, but Harry B. Smith and
Stanislaus Stange, who together concocted
the libretto of "The Singing Girl," had the
ingenuity to deviae one. They selected the
early part of this century for their period
and placed their scene in upper Austria,
thereby providing opportunity for richness
of costuming and picturesqueness of scenery.
Since the days of Macready, the great Eng
lish actor, who first played Richelieu, the
part of the great cardinal has been a prime
favorite with all great actors. Every tra
gedian aspires to distinction in two great
parts, Hamlet and Richelieu. In the play of
"Richelieu" there is the broadest scope for
the actor's art. Mr. Warde and his company
will present "Richelieu" at the Bijou to
night aud Friday night. "The Duke's Jes
ter" will be repeated on Wednesday matinee
and Thursday night; on Wednesday night
and Saturday matinee "Hamlet" will be the
bill, and for Tuesday and Saturday nights
"Othello" will be presented.
Vaudeville, especially when of a high
class order, has never lacked for apprecia
tion on the part of local theater goers and
a most enjoyable entertainment of this order
is promised the coming week at the Bijou
in Fulgora's European and American Stars
Kara, the juggler, who performs the most
bewildering and graceful feats ever at
tempted; Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Sldman in "A.
Bit of Real Life"; Sam J. Ryan and Tom
Lewis, in negro comedy; the Brothers Herne,
in a niy3tifying act entitled "Substitution,"
Polk and Kolhns, accomplished banjo solo
ists; Zeb and Zarrow, trick bicyclists; Hay
man and Hayman, character comedians, will
combine to present varied entertainment.
Dr. Oliver C. Farrington of the geological
staff of the Columbian museum contributes
an interesting paper to Popular Science
Monthly on "A Century of the Study of Me
teorites." Up to the beginning of the last
century, scientific men entertained a pro
found -disbelief in stories of stones which
had fallen from the skies. In 1803 a shower
of stones fell in Prance which was investi
gated by the French academy and proof was
given that the discharge was from outer
After that, scientists were keen to collect
and analyze the sky stones, which were
found to contain twenty-nine minerals al
ready known upon the earth. Many theories
as to their origin remain to be tested in the
new century. , The similarity between shoot
ing stars and meteorites has been established
and it is known that every day the earth en
counters not less than 20,000,000 cosmic bodies
large enough to produce the phenomena of
shooting stars. The number in space is be
yond calculation. Dr. Farrington remarks
that all theories as to their origin have pro
ven fallacious. No satisfactory evidence of
the existence of extra-terrestrial life has been
obtained from meteorites. Science is non
plussed when it comes to meteorites.
Not Too Much Business.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
That permanent court of arbitration that
grew out of the peace conference at The
Hague Is now sitting and ready for business.
International disputes are to be settled in
short order; diplomatic grievances adjusted
while you wait. And yet it is doubtful if the
court will be overrun with businesa.
!•:♦•♦:••♦>•♦:♦ •♦>••>••>••:♦•<• •♦:•••:♦ •♦:••♦:•
MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUABY 11, 1901.
PROF. JOHN H. FINLEY of Princeton University.
The widely know ex-President of Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois,
and former editor of Harper's Weekly, has assumed direction of THE
JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS CLUB series on "Colonial Gov
ernments of Today—Their Strength and Their Weakness." Prof
Finley is an expert on the governmental needs of the new colonies of
the United States. He has visited Porto Rico especially to study
those needs and will contribute the final article of the series summing
up the questions of colonial government as they relate to the new
colonies of the United States.
Specially prepared articles on Currant Topics, explanitory and in
structive, are often just what the newspaper reader wants. Readers
of The Minneapolis Journal are to have this advantage. The Journal
for February 18 and the special mail edition for February 19, will
contain the first of a series of articles under the general title of
The Current Topics Club.
Amoag the subjects to be treated are
"Colonial Governments of Today,"
with reference to the colonial questions
that confront our own. country.
"The Opportunity and the Han,"
which will show whether the oppor
tunities are all gone.
"The Art of Living a Hundred
Years," not a whimsical notion but a
matter of scientific as well as popular
interest at this time.
"American Life a Century Ago,"
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
Xnrsiug the Corporation*.
Feb. 11.—At last there seems to be a gen
eral sentiment in this city and state to deal
more leniently with the vast corporations
whose main offices, under one name or an
other, are always here. Important amend- (
ments in the corporation laws of the state
of New York have been promised during the
present session of the legislature, and there
is every prospect of the promise being made
good. For seme years, under a mistaken
policy. New York has vigorously sought to
drive from the state the financial Interests
on whose location here toe prosperity of the
city and state Is so largely dependent. The
effect has been peculiar. The great corpora
tions and men of wealth have been obliged,
by the peculiar conditions of finance and
commerce, to maintain their headquarters
here, and at the same time, owing to the
peculiarities and stringency of our tax laws,
most of the big corporations and many of the
men of great wealth have had their legal
habitat elsewhere. Hundreds of millions, yes,
billions of dollars of incorporated capital
have gone to other states. There the com
panies have been formed under more lenient
and agreeable laws, and the corporations, un
der the legal fiction of maintaining a branch
office in the metropolis, have actually made
New York their headquarters. The mills
and plants of the industrial corporations
have of course been located all over the
country, in l any cases not a single one
being located in the state fathering them,
but at all times the selling of the products
of the various companies, and the manage
ment of great interests, have been from here.
It is somewhat anomalous that in a state
in which such enormous amounts of capital
are employed there should be such general
complaint that the laws bear heavily and
unequally upon corporations, for it is main
ly by Incorporation that capital is nowadays
made effective. Not only is the burden of
taxation complained of, but there are other
disadvantages which lead to Incorporations
in other states. Many states have embodied
loose provisions in their corporation laws
merely to invite capital th^re for the collec
tion of moderate fees for incorporation. Then
In these states the laws have permitted the
conduct of business by the corporations to
be in as lax a manner as they might elect.
There is no demand or desire to enact
loose laws for corporations In New York
state, but it is justly regarded as most es
sential that the policy of the state be changed
from the enactment of laws to drive corpora
tions elsewhere to the adoption of laws to
bring capital here. With lenient but pro- j
tective legislation almost every corporation
now doing business in the state of New
York could* be induced to locate here per
manently in the legal as well as in the actual
sense, and, in addition, future formations of
great corporations would be completed here.
Altogether this would mean millions of dol
lars annually to the state for incorporation
fees and yearly taxes.
Liability of the Directors.
Many m«n are averse to becoming directors
in this state on account of the exceptional
liability imposed upon them. This is entirely
apart from questions of taxation. It is by.
no means desirable that directors here should
be relieved from liability for the payment of
unearned dividends or the impairment of
capita!, or for incurring indebtedness be
yond the authorized limit when they are in
any way responsible for the violation of legal
restrictions. But directors do not feel justified
in incurring a risk to become jointly, sever
ally and personally liable for all the debts
than existing, or thereafter Incurred, if cer
tain annual reports are not made at the time
required by law. This is the reason for so
many corporations being formed under the
laws of West Virginia, Delaware, New Jer
sey and Washington, while as a matter of
fact they are New York corporations. In
addition to this there Is a tax of one-eight
of 1 per cent of the full authorized capital.
This must be paid before a certificate of
incorporation can be obtained under New
York laws. Just across North river in New
Jersey the tax for this purpose is but one
fiftieth of one per cent. This makes a tre
mendous difference when a corporation of
from one million to one hundred million dol
lars is to be formed, and the result during
1900 was that the one.-elght of 1 per cent tax
in New York state yielded only $360,000 to
the state treasury, while New Jersey's one
fiftieth of 1 per cent brought $2,000,000 into
its coffers. There are located in New York
many corporations with an authorised cap
ital of $100,000,000 that, had charters been
secured in this state, a tax of $125,000 for
each would have been imposed. In Trenton
the cost for the same was $20,000. New York
state does not benefit in any way by this;
action, while much is lost. This Is the policy j
interesting and instructive comparisons
and contrasts with the present.
"The Woman's Club riovement,"
and what it is really accomplishing, and
"What the Government Does for
the People," a valuable and instruc
tive insight into a matter about which
the most of us have rather vague
Beginning one week from today
these articles will appear daily in The
which practically all the business men
this city and state are agreed must be
changed if we are to get the financial results
from business we are now excluding by main
taining a ridiculously high Chinese wall.
Xevr Jersey Ia to Near.
New Jersey is altogether too near New
York for the latter's financial comfort un
der existing laws. It is apparent that this
state must do much by way of invitation to
capital and corporations in order to reap
benefits. Governor Odell has appreciated
this condition, and before the present ses
sion of the legislature close* there is every
promise that our statutes will be in such
shape that capital coming here will receive
a hearty welcome instead of being frostbit
ten. With certain corporations, those not
engaged in transportation or operation* that
are visibly a use of capital within the state,
there are certain other advantages Is being
"foreign" to our laws. If a large part of
their trafficking can be carried on ia Jersey
City, for instance, they may be subject only
to the New Jersey franchise tax, which is
one-tenth of 1 per cent on the nominal capital
up to $3,000,000; one-twentieth on additional
capital up to 15,000,000, and one-two-hun-
dredth on the excess over that limit, giving
distinct encouragement to large capital. Ia
this state the franchise is one and one-half
mills per dollar on the capital if dividends
do not exceed 6 per cent, and one-fourth mill
additional for each 1 per cent Increase' ia
dividends. For instance, a corporation with
160,000,000 preferred stock paying 7 per cent
and 150,000,000 common stock which earned
6 per cent, would pay a yearly franchise tax
of $162,500 In New York and $8,750 in New
Jersey. Unless It was necessary to have it 3
business in New York, this would determine
the side of the river upon which it would
locate, apart from any consideration of
higher cost of property or greater local tax
ation on real estate.
The Great Dividend Payer.
The Standard Oil company still keeps to It 3
record of being the best dividend payer on
earth. This month 'sees a 20 per cent divi
dend on the 1100,000,000 capitalization of the
company, just as in February of 1900 Wall
street was surprised with the same kind of
a dividend. This 20 per cent dividend, which
is payable March 16, to stockholders of rec
ord Feb. 15, is a quarterly dividend of the
company. Thus the stockholders of the
Standard Oil company will receive $20,000,000
In dividends with the certainty of having
three more dividends during the year, each
one of which may reach the same figure 'Over
and above all thfls there is also the playful
little habit of the Standard Oil directors c«
surprising their stockholders with extra divi
dends every once in a while. During 1900, for
the full year, 48 per cent was paid ia divi
dends to Standard Oil shareholders. Ia 1889
they had 33 per cent, in 1898 30 p*r cent. In
1597 33 per cent, and 31 per oent in 1896. Dur
ing each of the five preceding year* 12 p*r
cent dividends were paid annually. It is in
teresting to note that since 1895 the company
has paid in dividends more than twice the
amount of its capital stock. It Is no wonder
that the stock is selling around |815 for a
$100 share. At this time the stock U selling
for nearly twice its price of a year ago.
NORTH STAR TWINKLES
Red Lafke Falls leads ail the north towns,
«xcept Crookston and East Grand Forks, In
population. Give us twenty-one thifteea-inch
guns at sunrise.
The sympathy of the state press is with
Jens K. Grondahl, and that is as nothing
compared to—the salary of public librarian.
Duluth business men will hold a meeting
to protest against President Hill's big steam
ships making the port something like a flag
According to the Free Press the only proper
home for retired and well-to-do farmers is
the city of Mankato.
Mayor Carter of Mankato has not made
up his mind as to making another dash for
The music of the McCormlck binder is to be
heard in northern Russia. R. P. Herrick of
St. Cloud will have charge of the McConaick ,
interests with headquarters at Moscow.
It begins to look as if the Sehiffman-War
ner-Reese push will not be as popular as the
Alexandria Post-News would have them, by
the time the Mollle Morris bouquet has been
passed around the circle.
Mayor Hugo wants Duluth represented at
the Buffalo exposition.
Tax collection at the head of the lake* is
not like getting money from home.