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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAS
PRICE TWO CENTS.
He Dictated the Terms to the
HIS WAR DISASTROUS
Other Concerns Could Not Stand
IT IS NOT A COMPLETE MONOPOLY
flan of the Combination—lt» .Effect
on Lake Shipping and
;■•■"■ the Mines.
Special to The Journal.
Duluth, Minn., Feb. 14.—Unless a lew
minor details as to management and the
proper x;are of minority stock shall fail,
the vast steel deal that has been so mucH
in evidence the past few days will become
a reality. This is one of the most .im
portant statements that can be made, and
In view of it it is well to analyze the
situation and find what the steel deal
actually means, and why it has been
In the past year or two numerous com
binations have taken place in the sWel
making business of the United States.
The various wire'and nail makers have
been brought into a consolidation under
the name of the American Steel and Wire
company; the billet , hoop, tin, bar and
sheet steel trades have been combined in
as many connected associations, under
the names of National Steel, American
Steel Hoop and American Sheet Steel
companies, and in order to round them out
the tin plate makers have "been combined
in the American Tin Plate company.
The same parties who made these four
deals also formed a combination of tube
makers under the title of Xational Tube
company. The Flower and Porter inter
ests in steel making at Chicago and min
ing in Minnesota formed the Federal
Steel company. Numerous other combi
nations have been formed but do not enter
Without exception the above con
cerns have been saturated with
water by the engineers of their combina
tions, this water being in iarge measure
profits to the promoters and inducements
to private steel makers ia the various
lines to join forces in the associations.
Cuts Oat Carnegie.
Before these combinations were formed
the Carnegie Steel company had been ac
customed to supply many of the compon
ent parts of the connected companies with
raw material. To the tin makers Car
negie supplied bars and sheets, to the rail
makers and the plate rollers he furnished
billets; to the tube makers he sold plates;
to the wire and nail works he delivered
rods. No sooner had the several combina
tions been formed than each began to sup
ply its own deficiency in raw material,
each planned and erected blast furnaces,
bessemer and open hearth steel plants and
rolling mills, to furnish its own works
with all the material it might require.
This was a move that Mr. Carnegie
viewed with alarm. It reduced his mar
ket materially. The Carnegie Steel com
pany was a concern built up by the exer
cise of the greatest skill, judgment and
ability to a position unrivaled in the
world; it could make a moderate profit
where its newly formed competitors would
starve. Its capital contained no water
where theirs was in some cases three
fourths water. Mr. Carnegie' did net
purpose that his market should be lost,
and he was 3n a position where he could
see that it was not. He had not only
the greatest steel mills but the largest
and most cheaply secured stores of ore
and coke. He began a policy, not of fight
ing, but of erectins^works to supply the
deficiencies in his martest caused by these
combinations and their methods. This
policy was undertaken without regard to
what effect it might have on the stock
jobbing, water soaked .interests that had
become competitors. It was solely for the
continuance of the success of the Carnegie
But naturally the view point of alarm
was at once transferred from the Carnegie
camp to that of the others. What would
happen to the American Steel and Wire
company, for instance, if Mr. Carnegie
should commence the manufacture of wire
and nails and sell them as he has always
sold steel, at a price that would keep his
full works employed all the time? There
would be enough water squeezed out of
Steel and Wire to float a ship, and in
quick order, too. The same thing would
happen to the other overloaded and stock
ridden concerns, not excepting that well
known organization, the Federal Steel.
Carnegrle Dictates Terms,
In order to preserve the life of these
concerns, Mr. Carnegie must be bouglit
off. His decision to erect the greatest
tube works in the world at Conneaut was
the culminating item. It brought the
Morgan-Moore interests to time over
night. Mi. Carnegie was willing to sell,
as he had been two years ago, but the
price must be way above what he had then
named. It must be for his share alone,
150 per cent of par, his minority stock
holders must be protected, and his pay
ment in bonds must be hedged about by
such restrictions as he should name, and
the works managed by such men as he
decided upon, till his bonds were no
longer in existence. It is a question as
to these minority interests and the man
agement of the greater concern by Mr.
Schwab that has hindered the deal.
; % It is safe to assert that no single great
concern will be erected to operate these
various plants, when they are associated.
The railroads of the country have pool
ing arrangements and a community of
interest, though their business is carried
on individually and separately. This will
be the condition of the steel trade. There
will be a division of territory and of
branches of manufacture. In this respect
the new deal will not be an innovation. It
may also have a i conservative effect. No
such wild' plunger, past master in jobbery
and unsafe ; manager as John W. Gates
will be permitted to do the lofty tumbling
act he : so successfully carried out a
year ago, to the injury and detriment of
the steel trade of America, to the great
loss of his friends and following and to his
own vast financial profit. This deal con
cluded; such an act would be the signal
for a r prompt straight-jacketing . of the
man attempting iL\vIV.
The deal will by no means combine all
the steel making works of ; the United
States. There are numerous works in the
north outside of it. Some of them are
the Cambria, Pennsylvania, Sharon, Re
public and others of ;~ the highest im
portance. It has no connection with works
of the west, like the Colorado : Fuel and
Iron, or of the south. like the 'Tennessee
Coal,,lron and Railway. It affects in no
way the * giant - group of industries now
rising along the northern frontier. ••.
It does unmistakably dominate the steel
trade of the country, , however, and jis the
most serious proposition: the ' steel makers
of England, Germany and ; France have
ever been called .upon to face. > Its puts
a new aspect on the shipping trade of j the
great lakes, 'for; it will - control' perhaps
110; steel ships of a capacity for moving
two-thirds A the entire commerce of Lake
Superior, and; it to some extent changes
the situation in the mining region of the
northwest.•-, The mines controlled by the
associated. interests will be able to pro
duce !75 per cent of all to come from Lake!
Superior,';- -'\ \^-P.;e. w j
No Peace Note for Boers in
HE OPENS PARLIAMENT
Duke iof ■ Cornwall and_ York Will
; ; Visit Canada v _^4 -v ;
LAWS : FOR T. TENANTS IN IRELAND*
Ceremony at Westmiuster To-day Is
'I':- j«. Brilliant '■'Function— -Vij*fJt**'
. .■"■.-■. The Addre»». & ' -'- '
London, Feb. 14. —The first parliament
of the reign of King Edward VII. was
opened this afternoon by the king in per
son. He was accompanied by Queen Alex
andra, the Duke of l^>rk and Cornwall
and the Duke of Connaught and many oth
ers of the royal family.
The king and the queen rode from Buck
ingham palace to Westminster in the state
Thousands bordered the route of the
procession and filled windows, stands and
The royal coach drawn by eight cream
colored Hanoverians, with postillions in
red and gold liveries and footmen leading
the horses, which were covered with trap
pings of morocco and gilt, was preceded
and followed by the Life Guards in full
uniform and a small escort of gentlemen
at-arms, in historic costumes, immediate
ly surrounded the vehicle.
Five carriages of state, containing uni
formed officials and ladies-of-tke-house
hold, each drawn by six horses with pos
tillions and outriders led the procession.
The great oflicers of the state and the
others that were to take part in the cere
mony had assembled at Westminster to
receive their majesties. The procession
proceeded tc the robing-room and then to
the house of lords.
The house of peers was filled by the
highest and noblest of the kingdom, the
greater part of the floor space being oc
cupied by peeresses ar.d other ladies in
troduced by peers.
As soon, as his majesty was enthroned,
the lord great chamberlain received the
royal command to summon the members
of the bouse of commons to hear the
speech from the throne. The king's
speech was as follows:
My Lords and Gentlemen: I address you
for the first lime at a moment of 'national
sorrow, when ihe whole country is mourning
the irreparable loss we have so recently sus
tained, and which has falleu with peculiar
severity on n.yself. My beloved mother, dur
ing her long and glorious reign, has set an
example before the world of what a monarch
should be. It is my earnest desire to walk
in her footsteps.
Amid this public and private grief it is
satisfactory to me to be able to assure you
that my relations wi:h the other powers con
south African War.
The war in South Africa is not yet en
tirely terminated, but the camps of the enemy
and his principal lines of communication are
in my possession and measures have been
taken, which will, I trust, enable my troops
to deal effectually with the forces with which
they are still opposed.
I greatly regret the loss of life and ex
penditure of treasure due to the fruitless
guerilla warfare maintained by Boer par
tizans in the former territories of the two
republics. Their early submission is much
to be desired in their own interests, as until
it takes place it will be impossible for me
to establish in those colonies the institu
tions which will secure the equal rights of
all the white inhabitants and protection ?nd
justice for the native population.
The capture of Peking by the allied forces
and the happy release of those who were .be
sieged in the legations, results to which my
Indian troops and my naval forces largely
contributed, have been followed by the sub
mission of the Chinese governments to the
demands insisted on by the powers. Negotia
tions are proceeding regarding the manner
in which compliance with these demands is
to be effected.
Dnke Will Visit Canada.
The establishment of the Australian com
monwealth was proclaimed at Sydney, Jan.
1, with many manifestations of popular en-
thusiasm and rejoicing. My deeply beloved
and lamented mother had assented to the visit
of the Duke of.Cornwall and York to open
the first parliament of the new common
wealth in her name. A separation from my
son, especially at such a time, cannot be
otherwise than deeply painful; but I still de
sire to give effect to her late majesty's wish
es as evidence of her interest, as well as of
my own, in all that concerns the welfare of
my subjects beyond the seas. I have decided
that the visit to Australia shall not be aban
doned, and shall be extended to New Zea
land and the Dominion of Canada.
The prolongation of the hostilities in South
Africa has led me to make a further'call on
the patriotism and dovotl^p of Canada and
Australasia. I rejoice that my request ha 3
met with a prompt and loyal response, and
large additional contingents from these colo
nies wili embark for the seat of war at an
Ashanli and India.
The expedition organized for the suppres
sion of the rebellion in Ashanti was crowned
with signal success. The endurance and gal
lantry of my native troops, ably commanded
by Sir James Willcocks and led by British
officers, have overcome both the stubborn re
sistance of the most warlike tribes of West
Africa and the exceptional difficulties of the
climate and season of the country in which
the operations were conducted. The garrison
of Coomassie, which was besieged by the
enemy, has been relieved after a prolonged
and gallant defense. The principal kings
have surrendered, and the chief impediment
to the progress of the development of this
rich portion of my "West African possessions
has now, I hope, been finally removed.
The suffering and mortality caused by the
prolonged drought in a large portion of my
Indian empire have been greatly alleviated
by a seasonable rainfall, but I regret to add
that in parts of the Bombay presidency dis
tress of a serious character still continues,
which my officers are using every endeavor
Gentlemen of the house of Commons: The
estimates for the year will be laid before
you. Every care has been taken to limit
their amount, but the naval and military
requirements of the country, and especially
the outlay consequent upon the South African
war, have involved an inevitable increase.
The demise of the crown renders it neces
sary that renewed provision shall be made
for the ■civil list. 1 place unreservedly at
your disposal those hereditary revenues which
| were so placed by my predecessor, and I have J
THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 14, 1901.
commanded that the papers necessary for a
full consideration of the subject shall be laid
My Lords and Gentlemen: Proposals will
be submitted to your judgment for increas
ing the efficiency of my military forces.
Certain changes in the constitution of.the
court of final appeal are considered* neces
sary in consequence of the increased resort
to it which has resulted from the expansion
of the empire during the last two generations.
Legislation will be proposed to you for the
amendment of the law relating to education.
For IriKh Tenants.
Legislation has been prepared, and if the
time at your disposal proves to be adequate,
it will be laid before you, for the purpose of
regulating the voluntary sale by landlords
to occupying tenants in Ireland, for amend
ing and consolidating the factory and work
shops acts, for the better administration of
the laws respecting lunatics, for amending
the public health acts in regard to the water
supply, for the prevention of drunkenness in
licensed houses and public places and for
amending the. law of literary copyright.
I pray that Almighty God may continue to
guide you in the conduct of your delibera
tions and that he may bless them with suc
After the reading of the speech the
king proceeded to the robing-room un
robed and left Westminster in the 'state
carriage, with the procession in the same
order as it entered.
The arrival of the king at Westminster
was greeted with an uproar of cheers,
the ringing of church bells and the firing
of a royal salute in St. James park.
The king did not wear the crown.
Prior to the reading of the speech the
king took the oath. The assemblage
stood while the speech was read.
It Is an Exact Replica of the Old
Tudor Gothic Design.
2Teu> York Sun Special Service '.'i;l : :
London, Feb. 14.—Queen Alexandra's
new throne is an exact replica of the old
Tudor Gothic design. The seat is em
broidered in gold and silver, after the de
sign of Victoria's. The back is em
broidered with the royal standard sur
mounted by a gilt scroll. The center
piece is inscribed with a "V. R., 1* it being
the king's special command that "V. R."
should not be replaced by "E. R." The
center piece is surmounted with-the lion
and unicorn, and the front columns are
supported by gilded lions studded* with
crystal balls. The back standard is also
completely surrounded with crystal balls,
alternating with blue enamel designs.
CAPE DITCH WILL RISE
Jan Krist-'s Prediction Unless De
Wet In Captured.
Xeto Xork Sun Special Service
Chicago, Feb. 14.—Jan Krige, formerly
a member of General Botha's staff and a
fighter in the Boer army from the opening
of the war, aroused an audience to a wild
pitch of enthusiasm at Kimball hall last
night by telling of the Boers' struggle for
He said that unless the English capture
General De Wet within a week and put
an end to his invasion of Cape Colony,
100,000 Cape Colony Dutch wil rise and
aid the burghers of the Transvaal to at
tain their independence.
SMASH THE CHURCH
Retaliation by the "Jointists" of
FREE FIGHTS IN THE STREETS
Higrk School Students at Ettiiighuiii
Wreck a Blind Pie in a
Winfield.' Kan., Feb. 14.—War on the
"joints" here yesterday is supposed to
have caused the destruction last night
of all but two windows of the United
Presbyterian church. The damage will
amount to several hundred dollars.
The reports of the vandalism increased
the feeling in town, and fights in the
streets were numerous.
CONCRETE WILL DO
Peavey Elevator at Dnlnth In Xott
Special to The Journal.
Duluth, Minn., Feb. 14.—The Peavey
concrete elevator, that broke out when the
first JO,OOO bushels were put in, now con
tains 1,000,000 bushels of wheat. Aside
from the ruptured bins the house is three
quarters full. It is holding perfectly and
not the slightest crack or settlement ap
pears in the walls. It is evident the
concrete house, once built and dry, is
adapted to its us«.
A CASE OF ROOT HOG OR DIE.
NEW TARIFF POLICY
Babcock Thinks He Is the Pioneer
of a Republican Move.
CUT CHIEFLY IN TRUST PRODUCTS
He Insists ' That Many Industries
Have Passed the Protec
Special to The Joujnal.
Washington, Feb. 14. —Congressman
Babcock has stirred up the republican or
ganization in congress from the very bot
tom by his bill removing the duties on
iron and steel. Several of the less tact
ful members have called him a dema
gogue, and said his bill was democratic
and populistic, but Mr. Babcock doesn't
care. He has introduced his bill now that
the subject may be discussed during the
summer and fall, and when the fifty
seventh congress meets, next December,
he will introduce the bill anew. Already
he has had scores of letters and tele
grams from prominent men east and west,
commending his stand. All of the great
dailies in the east have given the bill
serious editorial consideration and ap
"I am sure that I am on the right
track," said Mr. Babcock to-day, "and
that the republican party in the end, no
matter what the attitude of some of its
members now, must indorse me."
This morning Mr. Babcock had an inter
view with Speaker Henderson, and the
speaker's attitude was far from cordial.
Said Mr. Babcock, in closing the' inter
"Within twelve months from this time,
the republican party, in my judgment, will
be glad to point to the fact that such a
bill was sent to the Fifty-sixth congress
by the chairman of the republican con
It looks as if Mr. Babcock is making
himself a pioneer in a movement which is
radically to change the protective policy
traditions of the republican party. He
himself sees that this is likely to be the
case. Speaking to me to-day he said:
I challenge any republican to show a better
party record than mine. For four years in
the Wisconsin legislature and for eight years
in congress I have always been a true party
man and have given of my time and money
freely for party success.
My bill is a move in the right direction;
a move in advance, and it will bring the re
publican party right abreast of the most in
teresting and important commercial develop
ment of the day.
The Chicago Chronicle In an editorial says
I am insincere. Let it wait and see. I in
tend next December to introduce the bill
again and have it sent to the ways and
means committee, of which I am now a
member. If that committee declines to con
sider it or to report it favorably, I shall
take the matter up in a caucus of the re
publican house members. In such a caucus
I would be almost unanimously indorsed, i
The bill is not only right and just, but it
is good politics. I know that the democrats
have been preparing to make the off year con
gressional campaign of 1902 on the issue
which my bill raises. I simply pre-empted
the ground, and as I said to the speaker, the
time will come when the republican party
will thank me for what I have done this
>*ew Idea, of Protection.
Mr. Babcock says his bill represents the
republican idea of protection as applied to
latter day «ommercial developments. He
The Dingley bill is an outgrowth of the
McKinley bill, and each is founded on the
principle that until such time as our home
industries can. stand alone they should be
protected. New conditions now confront the
country, whose growth under the republican
protective policy has exceeded the dreams of
the most ardent protectionists. The early
republican idee has been fully carried out in i
the developments of our great manufacturing
industries, which not only are standing alone
but arc successfully competing for business
in all of the great world markets. Our duty
to these industries, which long ago passed the
"infant" stage, has thus been fully dis
Our next duty is to the people of the coun
try, who are in danger of being injured by
the very instrument we have been perfecting,
as we have supposed, in their direct interest.
The present iron and steel monopoly is the
greatest the -world has ever known. With its
billion of capital, the $80,000,000 capital of the
Standard Oil company sinks into insignifi
cance. We should now take the protective
tariff off this industry. This is the next logi
cal step in the evolution and advancement of
protection. The iron and steel schedule is
not revenue producing, as you know. For it
practically closes the American markets to
these goods from all the rest of the world.
It is time these barriers were taken down
and our people were given the benefit of i
free market for iron and steel. Having built
this great corporation up, we must now quit,
that the people may gather some benefits
from its existence.
—W. W. Jennane.
DRIVE OUT DE WET
Philipstown Had Been Captured by
the Elusive Boer Commander.
STEYN WITH HIM IN CAPE COLONY
Boer Commando Is Reported to Have
Crossed the Orange River
Into the Cape.
London, Feb. 14.—The Evening News
prints a dispatch from Cape Town, dated
Thursday, Feb. 14, which says:
The government here is advised that Gen
eral Christian De Wet and forsaec President
Steyn entered Cape Colony and occupied
Phillipstown. The British attacked th«m
yesterday and drove them out of the town
De Wet Reported to Be In Command
of the Force.
Cape Town, Feb. 14.—A Boer commando
crossed the Orange'river yesterday in the
Philipston district. It Is reported that
De Wet was in command.
Van Wyksvlei was occupied Monday by
300 Boers who were retreating from
The Boers are reported in force twenty
four miles west of Carnavon.
A Boer convoy of sixty-five wagons and
forty-five prisoners has been captured
north of Amsterdam.
IN STATE OF SIEGE
Madrid Is Placed In Control of the
CAVALRY SUPPLANTS THE POLICE
Disorders Are Reported In Other
Fart* of Spain—Priests
Madrid, Feb. 14.—A state of siege has
been proclaimed here.
The civil authorities have resigned
their powers to the military, and cavalry
regiments have replaced the civic guards
and are patrolling the streets.
Excitement prevails in Barcelona and
Granada and the gendarmerie have been
At Malaga several French priests, on
their way to Brazil, landed to see the
town. A mob threatened them and they
hastily re-embarked. The mob then
stoned the office of the clerical paper. A
policeman was wounded by a revolver
Valencia, Feb. 14. —Serious disorders oc
curred here yesterday. In a fight between
rioters and the gendarmie a number of
shots were fired. One person was killed
and one wounded.
Rioters took the Jesuit college by as
sault yesterday. The doors were broken
in and the police, on charging, were re
ceived with a storm of stones. One per
son was killed and numbers injured.
ENJOINS THE FIGHT
Judge Hollister's Decision in the
CONTEST WILL BE POSTPONED
Promoters Will Appeal the Caw to
the Higher Court* at
Columbus, Feb. 14.—Judge Holllster to
day granted a permanent injunction
against the Jeffrles-Ruhlin prize fight In
Saengerfest hall to-morrow night.
The promoters will postpone the contest
There is no longer any talk about the
need of militia.
Judge Hollister not only held that
courts of equity had jurisdiction against
public nuisances, but also that prize
fights are public nuisances and that the
contest between Jeffries and Ruhlin was
to be a public nuisance, a moral wrong, a
crime before the law and a menace to
10 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK,
Hamilton Defense Brought Him to
Minneapolis Yesterday-Says the
State Told Him Not to Come.
Barbc Testifies That Hamilton Was
Not in the Melee When Day ,
Dr. Murray Makes a Good Witness,
but Other Doctors Shake Their
Heads at His Statements.
A. M. Barbe's testimony this afternoon
fell like a bombshell into the camp of the
Judging from its profound impression on
the jury it will have that effect unless the
state can manage to controvert it satis
Mr. Barbe told his story in a quiet, dis
passionate way, which carried conviction
Hamilton Not in the Fatal Melee.
Barbe's testimony was most damaging
to the state. He said, in effect;, that Ham
ilton was not in the general scuflle, out of
which "Day staggered mortally wounded."
Hamilton was coming toward the crowd
from the corridor, having been led out by
Canfield when Day emerged from the
There was a promiscuous scrimmage, he
said—there could be no question about
He did not see Day or Hamilton clinch a
second time. He saw the trouble between
Evans and Force. He did not see them
"after they had clinched," ho said in
cross-examination. He had not seen
them in a second fight at all.
"I only saw Day come from a crowd,"
he declared, emphatically.
"What do you mean by a crowd?"
"Six people or more."
He could not remember that O'Malley
had ordered them to move out.
The crowd had left only after they had
a look at the body.
Barbe had been to the theater tiat
evening. He drank three glasses of beer
at the theater. A traveling man from
Cleveland had gone with him from the
theater to the hotel about midnight.
The sensation of the day in the Hamil
ton case was the appearance in court this
afternoon of A. M. Barbe, the most im
portant witness for the defense —barring
Dr. Murray. *
When it became apparent after the be
ginning of the case that Barbe was not in
Minneapolis, and that beyond sending him
a subpoena the state had not been par
ticularly active in having him brought to
Minneapolis, Attorneys Nye and Penney
went out on a still search for their man.
Through the assistance of W. G. Ben
nett, who knew of his whereabouts, they
An Important Witness
A Dcs Moines Plumber Says He Saw the
Fight and Knows Hamilton
Did Not Kill Day.
Special to The Journal.
Dcs Moines, i owa, Feb. 14—P. M. Ryan, a plumber of Dcs
Moines, made the statement last night that he was an eye
witness of the killing of Leonard Day. Ryan has been em
ployed by W. D. Lovell, a waterworks engineer of this city.
He was working for Lovell at Wayland, Wis., and had com
pleted his job the day before the murder. He went to Min
neapolis en route home and stayed at a hotel on First Aye.
With a companion, William Dittmore, who is now in Chicago,
he went into the West hotel, he says, and sat down to watch
the billiard game. He says he saw the fight start, and saw
an unknown man strike Hamilton with a billiard cue. He did
not see the fatal blow struck, as he started to leave the room
but returned just after the stabbing. He helped Hamilton
to lift Day's body onto the billiard table he declares. He
says he knows Policeman Rooney swore wrongly and also
knows that Hamilton did not kill Day.
Lovell vouches for Ryan being in Minneapolis at the time.
Ryan says his name is on the register at the Minneapolis
In the interests of justice, the information containedlin the above
dispatch, which comes to The Journal unsolicited from its regular
correspondent, was this morning communicated to the attorneys for
the defense and they took immediate steps to secure the attendance
of Ryan as a witness. His story is considered on the face of things a
very likeiy one. Two unknowns have already figured in the evidence
and it is possible that Ryan and his comrade were those two. It will be
remembered that Policeman Rooney testified that Hamilton had
gone over to two strangers sitting in the billiard room and asked
them if they did not see Day strike him. Watchman O'Malley also
swore that he saw a strange man in the billiard room after putting
located Barbe in Chicago and had no diffl- J
culty in persuading him to come at one*
to this city and tell what he knows about
the West Hotel mystery. The defense
was rather surprised, in fact, to learn
that Mr. Barbe had no particular aversion
to coming here—that he really wanted to
testify in order that justice might be
Says State Didn't Want Him.
Mr. Barbe tells why he did not readily
respond to the subpoena. His statement
is sensational in an extraordinary degree.
"The state's attorneys wired me not to
come," is his startling explanation.
Mr. Barbe was quietly spirited into M in*
neapolifi yesterday and has been under
cover from the moment of his arrival up
to his dramatic appearance this afternoon.
It was a complete surprise to the state.
Barbe's testimony is of the utmost im
portance to the defense. He is the maa
who swore at the coroner's inquest that
there appeared to be a mixed fight, that
twenty men were huddled together in the
room, and that out of their midst stag
gered Day aud fell into his (Barbe'g)
Barbe's Testimony Important.
Barbe's testimony will be of peculiar
weight with the jury, -because, according
to the testimony of different witnesses
already examined, he is the one man who
played an important part in the tragedy
before the arrival of the physicians or
officers, who was not more or less under
the influence of liquor.
Barbe is a medium-sized, earnest-look*
ing man, of rather pale face and red hair,
about 30 years of age.
Mr. Smith, for the state, pounded away
steadily on Dr. Murray tor two hours on
cross-examination, without making much
impression on Murray's armor. He suc
ceeded in committing Murray to some
"outlandish" statements that may not be
given credit in medical circles generally.
But through it all Murray did not once
deviate from the path which he had
marked out In a previous trip over the
course with the counsel for the defense.
Murray Is Methodical.
He stuck to his story with dogged per
sistency. A very methodical man is Dr,