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T 11 13 J O I UN .V 1, is published
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Philosophy of the Board
On Saturday The Journal published
an interview with John H. Rich of Red
"Wing, a member of the state board of cor
rections and charities, strongly opposing
the proposed board of control for the
state's noneducational institutions. Mr.
Rich assumes that the economy argument
is about "the only one" in favor of the
centralization plan, and then proceeds to
demonstrate, as he thinks, that it is at
best a poor argument.
Mr. Rich's presentation of the defense
of the present system is about as good
a one as it is possible to make, but it is
far from convincing.
He is wrong in assuming that the econ
omy argument is the only one in favor
of the proposed innovation, and by no
means successful in proving that it is not
valid. The commission of inquiry ap
pointed by Governor Van Sant reports that
the buildings, furniture, food, clothing,
number and character of attendants sani
tary arrangements, medical and surgical
appliances and every other necessity or
convenience affecting the health, surround
ings and improved condition of the inmates
under the board of control in both states
(lowa and Wisconsin) have been improved
and now receive the largest share of at
tention and consideration. In no instance
did the commission find a condition, either
general of particular, less conducive to the
comfort, convenience or reformation of the
inmates than under the old system; nor
did the commission find that consider
ations of economy had obtained the chief
attention of the board.
This betterment of care is largely due
to the fact that the superintendents of the
various institutions, being relieved of
much responsibility of a business nature,
ere able to give more time to their
proper functions —those of doing the most
than can be done for the improvement,
comfort or reformation of the criminals or
dependents entrusted to them. The char
itable and correctional side, instead of be
ing neglected, receives more attention.
These facts were testified to by the su
perintendents of various institutions who
were for the most part opposed to the
board of control system before its intro
In substance the commission reported
that better care and better administration
bad been attained under the control sys
tem in lowa and Wisconsin and at a less
ened expense. It does not appear that
there has been a reduction of salaries of
employes already underpaid, as Mr. Rich
fears will come to pass in Minnesota. In
lowa, on the contrary, the pay of women
nurses and attendants has been raised to
an equality with that of the male em
ployes and the standard of care has cer
tainly been raised. The lowa state treas
urer estimates that the cost of operating
the state institutions under the new plan
was $379,000 or 27 per cent less during its
first year than the previous year's cost.
"This saving," he says, "it was fair to
presume, was not the result of unwise
economies that were detrimental to the
After all. the great argument for a cen
tral board is that of the location of re
sponsibility upon a board whose acts must
toe performed in the full light of public
observation and criticism.
The state has seen fit to enter into the
■work of conducting a number of institu
tions, which should belong to one depart
ment of the state's activity—a department
of public institutions. That is what a
board of control would be in effect. This
board is to have powers equal to its re
sponsibility. If there is mismanagement,
neglect or scandal in any institution the
public can look to the board for correc
tions or reforms.
Paid good salaries, giving their whole
time to the work, interested in every in
stitution, no longer disturbed by politics,
having in their range of vision at all
times all of the state's correctional and
charitable institutions, the commissioners
should be able to conduct this department
of the state's activity much better than
the numerous self-centered boards. In
one view of the case, this oaring for the
criminal and dependent is a business, a
single public business with many depart
ments. It is reasonable to assume, and
the assumption is backed by the experi
ence of at least two neighboring states,
that such business can be better managed
by a responsible head controlling all than
with each pan managing itself and look
ing out for itself, without concern or In
terest In the otter parts.
There, is a strong, resonant and manly
note iv the second Inaugural of Presi
dent McKlnley. Coming up from the
storm and stress of his most eventful
and trying first term, he inspires his fel
low citizens with the buoyant hope and
patriotism which have sustained him dur
ing his leadership of the nation when it
was entering upon a new era, which has
devolved upon it new responsibilities, a
broader field of usefulness and endowed
it with a mighty influence which it may
iu-e for vast good or limitless evil, just as
The president deals In his address with
these new problems and reminds the peo
ple that the ••responsibility for their
presence as well as for their righteous
settlement rests upon us all; no more
upon me than upon you." And to his de
traitors, the people who have denounced
him as a 'usurper," a "traitor," and
have cursed every policy of his first ad
ministration and have sought to prevent
the attainment of peace in the Philip
pines and the introduction of civil gov
ernment there, and have sought and are
seeking to breed trouble in Cuba in every
possible way. he suggests, with fine mag
nanimity, that magnifying the national
difficulties will not remove them or aid
their adjustment. "Dark pictures and
gloomy forebodings are worse than use
less. These only becloud, they do not
help point the way of safety and honor."
"It new things are hard to do," he says,
"our fathers found them so. They are
inconvenient. They cost us something.
But are we not made better for the
effort and sacrifice and are not those we
serve lifted up and blessed?" These
words may be lost upon the retrograde
enemies of national duty, who shrink
from every burden and every additional
responsibility, but they are a trumpet
call to the nation which has deliberately
chosen xo face the new problems and
welcome the thrill of the time-spirit's
call to larger duty and responsibility. \
There is no recessional movement dis
cernible in the president's fine and stim
ulating address. The elder day is be
hind us and there will be no return to
its methods, which have a distinctive
deterrent quality, obstructive of true
national progress. He insists that all
we have pledged to do for Cuba shall
be done by successive steps; that the
people must be prepared to fulfil the ob
ligations of international law, through a
government "capable of performing the
duties and discharging the functions of
a separate nation, protecting life and
property, insuring order, safety and lib
erty and conforming to the historic and
established policy of the United States
in its relations with Cuba." So with the
Philippines. The program of selfgovern
ment, as fast as the people are ready for
it, is already under actualization. The
president's detractors denounce him as
a "despot," because he has accepted the
responsibility of directing this process
in the Philippines. A despot, however,
does not wait for lawful authority
emanating from the people to confer
functions upon him. He seizes it. All
the responsibilities which the president
has exercised during the past four years
he has exercised because the United
States congress has bestowed upon him
the responsibilities and the authorities
exercised. There can be no weightier
authority than the United States con
gress. If there is a power which can
legitimately claim to direct the president
of the United States, greater than con
gress, the detractors of the president
should name it. National power is even
greater than the constitution itself. Na
tional power whipped the seceding
states back into the union. And national
power is certainly flatly against the
Americans who have chosen to align
themselves with the enemies of the
United States. Happily these cannot stay
the march of national progress and the
performance of great national duty.
JiNation In Kansas they are finding,
of course, biblical prophecy
rropttecy. that told all about Mra. Na-
tiou. In the old testament book
of Joel, the prophet had a melancholy vision
of the Kansas lady's war on rum. It is in
the first chapter, iith, 6th and 7th verses (vide
Joel i., 5, 6. 7.) It reads thus:
Awake, ye drunkards, and weep and howl
ye drinkers of wine, for it is cut off from
your mouth. For a Nation is come up upon
my land, strong, whose teeth are the teeth
of a lion, and hath the cheek teeth of a great
lion. He hath laid my wine vat waste and
barked my fig tree; he hath made it clean
bare and cast it away.
Several very promising fig trees have been
barked in Kansas.
To the Editor: How can I tell when the
fire in the street car stove is out?—X. Y. Z.
Wet your finger and touch the stove. If it
sizzles you are getting warm.
Last week the king's forces eeemed to have
the Boers where they could dent them, but
up to date the dent has not been reported.
Mr. Pettigrew went out of office yesterday,
and this morning we trembled several times
quite hard for the country.
The spring lamb that went out of doors
yesterday or to-day had hie springs slightly
Fires were kindled in several fields last
night to keep the frost from the orange
The weather bureau promised Washington
a pleasant day yesterday. The result was
Senator Carter's brand of talk may not
have been convincing, but it was effective.
Mrs. Charlemagne Jiggerstrom Summerfield
picked violets in her yard this morning.
If you took off any of the double windows
Saturday, the furnace knows it.
Spring wheat is out of danger. (As long as
it stays in the bin.)
Mr. Crowe of Omaha was not seen at the
A sundog chased the March lamb out of
The first robin was seen at Robbinsdale
It was all a libel. V. P. Roosevelt did not
Or Too Graphic.
Kimball (S. D.) Graphic (Dem.)
Ex-Governor Lee declined the .chair he oc
cupied as governor presented to him by
joint resolution of both branches of the legis
lature. He thinks such things establish a
bad precedent, in that if slight gifts are ac
cepted by a state official, greater ones might
follow in time. That's all rot. There is such
a thing as being too nice.
His Chances Injnred.
Sioux City Journal.
It is taken for granted that whatever
chances Admiral Sampson may have had of
getting an appointment as vice admiral have
been hopelessly flattened out by his recent
addition to the list of "letters one would
rather have left unwritten."
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
"The Christian" at the Metropolitan.
'■;< It is an unfortunate feature of the star sys
tem 'in. vogue In American theaters that a
good play in which a star has made a suc
cess is i usually, after its freshness has worn
off, turned over to an inferior company, while
the star seeks new glory in a later produc
tion.'; The managerial philosophy is that the
popular play' will run for a season or more
on , its reputation, made in the zenith of its
successes/while a great saving is effected In
the salary, list by the employment of mediocre
actors. Occasionally there is a notable ex
ception to this practice and the owners of a
successful f play, even when losing the star
from i the principal role, make every effortj to
give- it.an adequate cast and a strong produc
tion, but these exceptions are co Infrequent
that the.public, which Is not slow to learn
the managerial ways, has come to look with
suspicion on the warmed-over success. "The
Christian,' 1 Hall Calne's' strong drama, isa
case in point. .C With Viola Allen as Glory
Quayle, with Robert Drouet'as John Storm,
with Edgar.L. Davenport as Horatio Drake,
and with other actors of almost eoual merit
in the other roles, it made a deep impression
everywhere. .' Hall Caiae. was j praised as a
fictionist who, without previous knowledge
or training •as a playwright, had succeeded
in building around the characters of his novel
of the same name a strong, effective drama.
It needed the performance of the play by a
weaker company, such as that now appearing
at the Metropolitan, to demonstrate how
much, how very much Hall Calne owed: to
the actors who first created the characters he
had drawn for the stage. 1 would not be un
derstood as saying that the members of the
present company are bad actors or that they
have altogether departed from the standards
set by their'predecessors. But they produce,
after all, but faint and indistinct copies of
the originals. To see "The Christian" now
after having seen it last year, is like calling
on a friend at the hospital who has gone into
a decline. His lineaments seem familiar, but
he is not the same healthy, buoyant, lovable
friend of yore. Those who know not 'The
Christian" will enjoy seeing it now, but those
who saw it in the days of its glory will prefer
not to lose that memory. The impression of
ueterioration is not ascribable to the short
comings or defects of any one member of the
cast—it is rather an impression to which each
Miss Julia Stuart gives such a picture of
Glory Quayle as an actress accustomed to
emotional roles, and somewhat wearied of
them, might give. She misses the freshness
and girlishness of Glory in the earlier acts,
and in the later ones she fails to create the
impression of the pure woman unspotted by
her music hall associations, unspoiled by her
successes and the adulation ihey bring her.
Here is a woman, pure and sound at heart, a
lily in the mire, whose ambition and feminine
love of brightnes and pleasure and applause
have led her far afield from the man she
loves but who nevertheless is true of heart
and capable of the highest renunciation. The
Glory of the London music halls is the Glory
of the Isle of Man—broadened and deepened
by experience, but the same girl after all.
This fact, 60 essential to an understanding of
the character, Miss Stuart does not altogether
succeed in making plain. In a word, she
lacks sincerity. The brightness and sweet
ness of the character she brings out very suc
The ascetic John Storm is played by Lionel
Adams somewhat artificially at first, but
later on with fine feeling. Storm is a gloomy
person, who in spite of his habit of intro
spection is very far from knowing himself.
He fails to recognize from the outset that it
is jealousy and not anxiety for the saving of
Glory's soul that actuates him. This self-
misunderstanding should be plainly revealed
to the audience especially in the midnight
scene in <rlory'9 apartments, when Storm's
determination to kill her is turned aside by
her artful appeal to the memories of other
days and her confession of love. Mr. Adams
succeeds to a certain extent in expressing
these things, after his audience has grown
used to the stilts he wears. Frederic Conger
is fairly successful in bringing out the good
Impulses of Horatio Drake that find expres
sion under the influence of Glory in spite of
his unscrupulous companions. The imperson
ation, however, is rather superficial and lack
ing in sympathy. Charles Rowan is the only
member of the company who was in last
years cast. He plays Lord Robert Ure, the
vindictive rake, with the same success as be
fore. It is a fine piece of work, free from
exaggeration or coarseness, but revealing un
mistakably the utter selfishness and hardness
of the man. Among the other members of the
company there is none calling for special at
tention. It should be said that the mob
scenes are still handled in aa extremely ef
fective way. Seldom have such scenes been
done in truer or better spirit. —W. B. C.
♦•Siberia." at the Bijou.
"Siberia," a powerful melodrama of the old
school depicting life in that desolate country,
is being revived at the Bijou this week. The
play is cast in that dark period of Russian
history .within the memory of living men
when thousands of men, women and children
were persecuted for conscience' sake, a period
in which the Christian world was afforded a
spectacle of religious bigotry that is un
rnatchable except in the dark ages.
It was in the Russia of exile and banish
ment for the Jews that Bartley Campbell
laid the scenes of his great melodrama—in a
country where the official head was hidden
behind iron doors and political spies dominat
ed every branch of the public service, to the
ruiu and dismay of countless thousands of
innocent people. That a powerful melodrama
might be conceived in such an environment
is not surprising, and Mr. Campbell, who es
sayed the task, has performed his work well.
The living incidents that grew out of that
memorable persecution of the Jewish people
and which staggered humanity in very truth,
would furnish materials for melodramatic
writers to the end of time. The dramatist
has grouped a few of them in a masterly way
Such a story, which is of necessity tragic
to a degree, makes the blood to bound and
the eyes to dilate and the breath to come fast
and hard, as stories of cruel oppressors' in
famies are likely to do. The spectacle of
weak women working like beasts of burden
in dirty mines with hardened wretches is one
to make the blood boil, and all the more riot
ously when the women; or the men either,
for that matter, are innocent victims ef blind,
In the present production, the management
deserves high praise for presenting this stir
ring play with a cast of capable actors and
actresses, besides maintaining the costly
scenic investitude necessary to a proper pre
sentation of the play. The various scenes
showing the market place in the Jewish quar
ter of the town, the governor's palace, the
prison, the mines of Siberia and the harbor
of Odessa, are faithfully reproduced, and are
of great educational value. There has been
no cheapening of the production, a trick too
common with managers-of melodramas. The
usual rule is, present your play for one or
two seasons with a star cast, and then reduce
your salary iist by one-half, depending on
the reputation you have established to tide
you over the dead level of medocrity. This
has not been done in "Siberia." It is a
strong, wholesome play, containing many
crudities in construction and dialogue, but
having a thrilling story coursing through it,
a purposeful plot, a beginning and an end,
logical, true and absorbingly interesting.
What though the flower girl Vera, admirably
portrayed by Julia "West, does prolong her
scene with the French waiter? What though
her sweetheart Michael Trolsky (Edgar Fore
man) behaves at times as if he was in a
howling burlesque? The audience likes him
and his work, for Mr. Foreman ie a capable
comedian. He has distinction, and so, too,
has Miss West.
The trying emotional roles of Sara and Ma
rie, the Jewish girls who are sent to the
mines, are entrusted to Eugenia Besserer
and Florence Lytell, each of whom achieved
a triumph. The role of Nieolal, the nihilist,
and of Jaracoff, the unspeakable governor
general, were most acceptably filled by James
Home and W. V. Ranous respectively.
The performance is praiseworthy from ev
ery point of view. While one is conscious of
blemishes here and there, of a stilted dial
ogue, the strength of the atory remains un
impaired. _ w . A. D.
Why Shouldn't They Cheer i
Washington's birthday was celebrated in
Manila and successfully, no doubt, but it does
seem a challenge to our credulity to be in
formed that thousands of Filipinos gathered
around the speakers and cheered their re
marks to the echo.
Admiral !)«•««• y Smile*.
Dcs Moines Leader.
Admiral Dewey, who has also seen pop
ularity wane as well as wax, will be Justified
in doing a little snickering as be thinks of
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No, 21 Park Row.
Improvement* in Rallruadit,
March s—Railroad developments of the last
two yeHrs will soon show results of the great
est Importance to the traveling public. Sine
scores, of economies in the trafhV manage
ment have been made possible by tb« com
munity of owneranip plan, comprehensive
improvements In the service rendered arc !n
prospect. Now that the so-called "transpor
tation trust," composed of the great rail
roads, whose managements have been so
closely combined, lias secured its great eco- I
nomical opportunities, It will not wait to be
driven to making improvements, but will
shortly take the initiative and lead off with
many reforms, lv the rough and tumble
lays of mteceiluttM competition for busi
ness the public was forced to take the best
it could get and utter its complaints, to the
empty air. At this time, with the saving of
the money formerly thrown away in compe
tition, the allied railroad interests intend to
demonstrate that tha prime object of the
combination is to serve the public. By this
move it will have UM able defense when hos
tility asserts itself and the present glitter of
the trust wears off. The railroads are not
promising the millennium on any but the
installment plan. Before the end of the cur
rent year Is reached, many promised im
provements in the railroad service of the
country will probably be iv force. At the
present time the people contribute $l,3^r.,(XM>,
iKHj a year to the railroads for passenger and
freight transportation. Jn turn, the railroads
give up 1860,000,00u for operating, the differ
ence between these amounts going to pay
interest and dividends on bonds and stock
amounting to eleven billions of dollars. While
the transportation interests, iv their present
strong position, intend rigidly to exact from
the public the last cent the traffic will stand,
those In control will endeavor to render
value received to the extent of giving the
best service money and Inventive talent can
devise. Already the great east-and-west
The Face in the Watch
BY NANCY VINCENT M'CLELLAND.
Judge Hollister looked up with a frown of
annoyance when his study door opened un-
ceremoniously and some papers on his desk
blew out of pla^e. But his face relaxed a
little when he saw that it was only Lalite.
"Father," she exclaimed in an anxious
voice, "what do you think has happened?
I've lost my watch!"
"Ah!" said the Judge quietly. "Have you,
my dear? What sort of a watch was it?"
Lalite turned on him with a ripple of
"Why, father!" she said. "You ought to
know. You gave it to me yourself for my
"To be sure, to be sure, so I did," an
swered the judge, smilnig. "I had forgotten
about that. You see, you took me somewhat
"How did it happen?" asked the judge.
Lalite sat down on the arm of the leather
chair and rested her elbows on his desk.
"I was out walking," she said, "with How
ard Washburn, and when we left the house
I wore my watch on this chain over my
jacket. It was tucked in here. We went into
a florist's to get some violets, and when we
came out I thought we'd better be turning
toward home, and started to see what time
it was. But the watch was gone and the
chain was broken, like this. Howard went
back into the'shop and asked the man who
waited on us whether it had dropped in there,
but he said they hadn't seen it. I was aw
fully fond of that iittle watch, father," the
girl finished, almost tearfully.
"Let's see," said the judge, drawing a sheet
of paper toward him. "It was a small, plain
gold one, wasn't it, Lalite?"
"With my monogram on it."
"With your monogram on it. And I think
I have the number of it in my old diary."
The methodical man hunted out his book
of the previous year.
"Here it is," he read in a murmur. "Feb
ruary second, 'gave Lalite her watch. Jan
uary 30th—28th, J7th, 26th. How thoughtless
of me, Lalite! I didn't keep the number,
after all. Never mind; it was a Tiffany
watch, and the monogram ought to be suffi
cient to trace it. Ndw, Lalite, in case it's
been lost, we'll advertise it, and, in case it's
been stolen, we'll quietly notify the police
bureau to send wort) to all the pawnshops
and the big Jewelers."
He wrote a few lines quickly, interrupting
himself to ask, "No other marks of identifi
cation about it anywhere, were there daugh
The girl flushed deeply and went around
behind his chair to look over his shoulder.
"There was the monogram and the make
and the plain gold case," she repeated with
"Yes, yes, I've put those down already,"
he said, a little testy.
"What else could there be, father?" asked
"Oh. dents or scratches or other marks,"
he answered carelessly.
Lalite laughed aloud, almost with relief,
"There, there," said the judge, patting her
face gently. "1 hope you'll get it back again
all safe and sound. I'll send these messages
off right away, and then—"
"I forgot," said Lalite as he reached for
the bell. "Howard is waiting downstairs to
see whether there is anything he can do
about it. He'll send these for me. Do let
him! For he feels almost as sorry as I do,
"Oh, does he?" said the judge.
"Yes, indeed," answered Lalite. '"You see.
If he hadn't asked me to go walking, and if
I hadn't gone, and if he hadn't Insisted upon
getting me those violets, and if I hadu't worn
my watch —"
"Well," said the judge as she paused for
"It would never have happened," finished
Lalite with feminine logic. "80 it's real}y
all his fault."
For three days afterward Lalite was on
tip-toe with nervous expectancy.
"Daughter," remonstrated the Judge one
morning as she helped him into his fur-lined
coat, "it isn't worth while to lose your color
and your -watch too. I'll get you another
timepiece if this one doesn't turn up. Don't
worry so over It!"
•But, father," said Laltte hesitatingly,
"you don't know —" she changed her mind.
"I wonder whether Howard really sent those
messages," she said.
"I'll atop in his office on the way down
and ask him," replied the judge, cheerily.
"We might have him up to dinner to-night,
c-h, Lalite? Think he'd like to come?"
"Maybe," said Lalite indifferently.
Of course the various messages had been
sent. As it there was ever a request of La-
In the South Dakota capital fight the Black
Hills delegation clasps hand* with Pierre
across a two hundred mile stretch of coun
try never kissed by locomotive steam.
Gold in the Ten-Strike country in north
ern Minnesota is the latest. No stamp mills
needed. Scoop it up in your hands.
Wisconsin statesmen seem to think that the
primary election bill would become a law
quick were it not for the fact that some of
the politicians are afraid and the others
The Grand Forks Herald turn* the table
around on the anti-prohlbs and points to the
Hamilton-Day affair in Minneapolis as one
of the evil effects of the high license system.
To the South Dakota, friends of Senator
Pettigrew the Washington dispatches will
seem strange with the disappearance of the
"pickerel statesmen" and his "'I object" from
Governor White is giving the sign of dis
tress to the North Dakota legislature. The
solons show a disposition to scrape the bot
tom of the fictancial cistern and kick a hole
in the side.
With the labor party of Montana on his
trail. Senator Clark will probably conclude
that Montana has its "knockers" with Daly
alive or Daly dead.
Like a saving grace the ghost of capital
removal looms up in the councils of Dakota
legislatures to ward off the memory of grave
yard sessions. •
a There are some ; $2,000' plums; dropping <in
North Dakota, but a large percentage of the
office seekers' are of the opinion that It isn't
much of a shower. '' .' ' ' _' 'j^-jj.'
, Retiring Governor' Lee. of South Dakota,
trunk lines forming the backbone of the
combine are planning to shorten time be
tween the principal cities of the east and
middle west, this being merely a preliminary
move in the great plan for Improving the
service. The time between St. Louis .and
Chicago in the west and New York in the
east is to be cut down two or three hours
as a starter, while four trains are to be put
on between New York and Washington. Vant.
sums will be spent to replace worn-out pas
senger cars with those of new design, to
Htraighteii out curves and reduce grades.
In the Uilll.ni>.
Once during the month of February the
associated banks of the metropolis reported
to? the clearing-Bouse aggregate deposits in
excess of one billion dollars. This is the only
time on record when a Saturday bank state
ment showed such resources, and it indicates
clearly the enormous volume of business be
ing carried on throughout the country. In
this, report only clearing-house banks are
Included. Had the deposits of non-member
hanks, f trust' companies and savings banks
( been taken into account, the totals of such
deposits would have reached the enormous
Bum of over two billions of dollars. This
vast amount on deposit can better be appre
ciated when' It is understood that if all the
banks of all the clearing houses In the coun
try, put ■together their deposits, the sum
would not be equal to that of the local banks.
Up to four years ago the average total de
posits of the clearing-house institutions
mounted !to only about one-half the pres
ent sum. Then began an upward movement,
until during the last three months the de
posits have been close to the billion-dollar
mark, reaching if for the first time on the
lGth of February. It Is necessary to go to
London to find any analogy to the great
banks of New York city. No American banks
have the total deposits of the Bank of Eng
land, where, at the present time, they amount
is about $250,000,000 in American money. The
largest individual deposits in this country,
held by the National City bank, run well
up to round the one-hundred-and-flfty-million
mark. , . ,
lite's which Howard Washburn had not
promptly honored at sight! More than that,
he had tried In a dozen other ways to trace
Lalite's lost property. He gave them a full
account of his efforts as they drank their
after-dinner coffee that evening in the libra
ry, talking with his eyes on Lalite's face and
thrilling with the quick, grateful glances she
"A boy from Pennook's to see Judge Hollis
ter," announced a servant in the midst of
"Pennock's!" instantly exclaimed Lalite.
"That's the florist's where——"
"Show him up here," said the judgp. "La
lite, perhaps he brings you good luck."
"Rather have my watch, thank you, sir,"
retorted the saucy maid.
A small, uniformed boy was ushered in and
stood respectfully, cap in hand, to address
"To-day, sir," he said, looking at the judge,
':I was moving a lot of empty flower baskets
in Pennock's, and some ways down in the
pile I found a gold watch like the one you
Lalite gave an exclamation, in which de
light, relief and excitement were curiously
"Oh, do give it to me right away!" she
The boy hesitated.
"Leastways," he corrected himself, "it isn't
exactly like the one you advertised."
"Has it the monogram on it?" asked the
"Yes, sir," said the boy. "But there might
be two people with the same initials. There
wasn't anything else particular about the
watch you lost?" he persisted curiously.
"No: was there, Lalite?" asked the judge.
"I distinctly remember your saying so."
"Well, there was In the one 1 found," said
Lalite got up suddenly and walked down
the long room to one of the deep windows.
She disappeared between the curtains. The
judge looked after her with a feeling of pity
for her disappointment.
j "Oh, boy," he said suddenly, "show me the
watch you found and I will tell you the truth
about its belonging to us. You are right to
be careful and make no mistakes in returning
it, but surely my reputation will clear me
from any suspicion of dishonesty. You know
who I am,. and I think you can trust me,
can't you?" V ijy-
The ,-little chap promptly -unbuttoned his
gray overcoat. and pulled out a small watch.
"Yes, sir," he said. "Here it is, sir."
■. Judge Hollister examined the case closely.
"It seems to me," he said after this scru
tiny, "that this is the watch we are looking
for. ' i But what is there about it that we
haven't described to you?" it?'-?*?
The boy opened the back of the case si
liVtly. ■ -.-.'. '.
" Vl guess it's all right," he said, jerking his
thiVib toward Washburn. "I recognized him
•as Eton as 1 came in."
"lAlite! Bless my soul!" said Judge Hol
lister. He " stood a moment with the watch
in his hand, then he walked over to the fire
place and thrust it almost fiercely toward his
"Washburn, did you know that picture was
in there?" he demanded.
The young man looked at the open case,
and such an expression of amazement grew
upon his face that his former innocence could
not be doubted.
It was an old likeness of himself that he
saw uncovered before him. He recalled with
a flash of memory how, the first summer he
had known Lalite, they were together in a
sailing party and some one had taken a 6nap
shot of the group. He had kept his picture
intact, though for him there was but one face
In it. But Lalite—Lalite had cut this out!
Had put it in her watch! Had carried it
about thus without his knowledge while he
was starving for one sign of hope and en
couragement from her!
"My photograph!" he said, slowly, staring
at the judge in a daze of astonishment.
"What does it mean?"
"Humph!" said the old man with a twinkle
in his eye and a glance toward the curtained
window at the other end of the room. "I
should think it was about time you found
He went back to the florist's boy.
"If you'll pome with me to my study," he
said, "I'll give you your reward. The watch
belongs to my daughter."
There was an abashed heap of femininity
on the window seat behind the heavy cur
tains, with its face buried deep in the cush
ions—so deep that nothing but the tip of one
pink ear showed for a kissing place. Little
by little and v*ry gently Howard disinterred
the rest of Lalite's biz blush.
"Sweetheart." he whispered, "if I had only
guessed ft before! Thfuk of the time you
have made me waste!"
contrary to usual custom, refused to accept
his old office chair as a gift from the state.
To add insult to injury the furniture has been
offered to the Institution ■ for the feeble
The Napoleonic boot is still a popular Item
of wearing apparel with the Russian immi
grant in North Dakota. Politicians looking
for favors from the Russians In the next
campaign will go arrayed in a ratskin cap
and a pair of heavy leathers with long tops.
On its first reading the North Dakota senate
saw no particular trouble in Doc Taylor's
medical bill. Mrs. De Lendrecie, champion
of osteopathy, arrived on the ground a few
days after, and there were all kinds of
When It comes to certain young men fol
lowing the advice of certain clergymen not
k to marry "worldly society women." a South
Dakota editor wants to know what the young
man is to do when it is his only visible
means of support.
Wahpeton, N. D., Globe—When Judge Win
chester is impeached, the Missouri river will
run up hill. It is also likely to take that
course before he is elected to the supreme
"The Geyser of Falsehood" is playing its
part in the capital removal campaign in
The churn is mightier than the thresher in
The Minnesota dairy cow costs $30 per year
for "keep." At that she pays 100 per cent
With prohibition on one side and the pur
chase of the Northern Pacific lines on the
other, the Manitoba government is working
through fart paces, and the opposition Jour
nals don't forget the music.
TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, 1901.
MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES
(Copyright, 1901, by Victor F. Lawson.)
PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OP NATIONAL REPUTATION.
iSeries under the direction of Prof. John H.
Pintey, of Princeton University.)
111.— ECIVPI 1 AND THE SI DAK
(By Alfred Stead, Fellow of the Royal Co
The position of the British in Egypt, Is
without parallel in all the world. There is
no protectorate" over Egypt, there has been
no annexation, and.,yet,. to all intents and
purposes, England rules the country.
Egypt does not bring any revenue to Eng
land— in fact,'it costs large sums annually to
maintain the occupation.. There.ls always
the chance,, that the .development of Egypt
may enlarge the market for British goods,
but as the policy of the open door is adhered
to with the .greatest firmness, this method
of making the occupation worth while does
not seem particularly and selfishly good. Of
course, as the principal shareholder In the
Suez canal, Great Britain feeds bound-to In
sure peace and good government in the coun
try through. which the canal passes.
The position in Egypt is somewhat similar
to what would have been the case in the
_ —l- ■Hb Mk »—C^ ~~ "
EGYPTIAN WATER VENDERS. CAIRO.
Philippines if America had allowed the Fili
pinos to govern the country under Spanish
suzerainty, with an international board to
manage the revenue and expenditure of the
islands. Such a state of affairs would natu
rally suggest chaos and impracticability of
any sane government; yet this is almost ex
actly the position England occupies in Egypt,
with, in addition, several other obnoxious
restrictions to contend with. That under the
circumstances it has been possible to lift the
Egyptian people as much as has been done,
and to introduce good government, is most
creditable to England. This is still true,
even if we impute to her the most unfavora-
LORD OROMER, G. C. B.
(British Agent and Consul General in Egypt)
ble motives for all the good work done.
Granted, for the sake of argument, that the
British intend to remain permanently in
Egypt, does that at all lessen the value of
the fact that now the annual taxes per head
of the inhabitants amount to only 17s 6d
154.20), as compared with £1 2s 6d ($5.44) in
1881; or that the proportion of debt per head
is only £10 2s ($48.44), as compared with £14
8s 9d ($69.!56) in the former year? Whatever
may be the policy of Great Britain with re
gard to Egypt, it will be an unhappy day
that sees the Egyptian restored to that com
plete freedom under which extortion and the
corvee so luxuriantly flourished in the olden
How the British Entered Egypt.
In the time of Napoleon the struggle between
France and England for a colonial empire
was principally fought out in Egypt, but
since the construction of the Suez canal the
country has become still more important,
politically as well as commercially. Egypt is
the Nile, and the Nile is Egypt. Without the
one great river there would only be a desert
where once flourished the civilization of the
Pharaohs. Thus we see plainly that it really
is not of such great importance who occupies
Egypt as it is who occupies the Sudan and
the country of the upper Nile. Since the last
war in the Sudan, which resulted in the
crushing of the dervish power, that country
has been placed under the joint control of
England and of Egypt, quite irrespective of
the situation in the country of the lower Nile.
By this stroke of policy in gaining control of
the Nile the position of England in Egypt is
practically renderde unassailable, and Eng
land may now remain there as long as it
shall desire to do so.
Egypt is a tributary state of Turkey, and
pays annually a tribute of about £750,000
($3,630,000). The khedlve, however, is practi
cally independent, as far as his own terrrlto
rles are concerned. In the time of the Khe
dive Ismail, after 1863, the Suez canal was
constructed, at a cost of some £16,000,000 and
thousands of lives. Great Britain bought
Egypt's rights in the canal and thus the
country through which this important water
way runs has no share in its success. The
share purchased by Great Britain for £4,000,
--000 is now worth at least £20,000,000.
DiniiMtroiiM Rule of Ismail I'aslm.
When Ismail Pasha came to the throne in
1863 the national debt was only about £:5,000,
--000. and yet in 1876 it had mounted to £89,
--000,000, and this without any cause except the
awful extravagance of the pasaa. To meet
the interest on this debt and to pay the in
creased taxes the inhabitants of the country
were squeezed and ruined without mercy.
Thus it was a relief when the deposition of
Ismail took place in 1879, and the dual con
trol of France and England was established.
The finances of the country were in a fright
ful condition, and it whs not possible for
Egypt to repudiate its debts. Europe was
bound to intervene, and after long negotia
tions an arrangement was arrived at whereby
the interest on the debt was reduced, but
Egypt was not allowed to spend any money
without the consent of Europe. The "Caisse
de la Dette," a board of representatives of
the great powers, acts as receiver and con
troller of the finances. The cnaent of this
board has to be obtained before any money
may be spent or any loan raised for extraor
dinary needs. This fact necessarily hampers
the governaient, and Vice British officials es-'
peclally, as many of the powers represent**
on the board are not friendly to Great Brit
Character of the People.
Although the work of reform had begun
upon the deposition of Ismail, it naturally
could not ameliorate the sonditlon of the peo
ple at once. Commencing In the army, a re
volt arose under Arabl Pasha and massacres
took place in Alexandria and Tantah. Tbe
country vas drifting Into anarchy when Eng
land restored the khedive's authority aud
then set to work in 1883 to establish a good
government for Egypt. Much has been dona
since then, but the material upon which the
English officials have to work is so little
progressive that much time must be speiu
before the Egyptians really appreciate the
meaning of freedom.
About 60 per cent of ihe population be
longs to the agricultural class—the ••fellah
in." These people are conservative au.l
primitive in their habits and are uniformly
cheerful despite the centuries of oppression
which they have undergone. Food Is cheap
and there is no appearance of abjeot poverty
to be found. A peasant can live well on a.
piastre a day (5 cents). The greater part of
the population are Mohammedans, but they
are not particularly fanatical. In upper
Egypt are to be found the Copts, or native
Christians, who form about one-tenth of the
population. They are credited with being less
honest than their Mohammedan felloTV coun
trymen and are looked down upon by the
British Reforms In Egypt.
Turning to what has been done in the way
of reform since 1882 by Great Britain in
Egypt, we find, naturally enough, that th«
changes instituted were not at all popular
at first. The native officials found out that
they were no longer free to extort money.
the wealthy land owners discovered that
no longer was all the water theirs for irri
gation; and even the "fellahin" were dis
appointed because their creditors flocked back
and demanded payment of loans contracted
in Ismail's time. However, year by year the
condition of affairs becomes more and more
satisfactory to the people and the advan
tages of law and order are so apparent that
there is no longer any grumbling against
Great Britain abolished the corvee which
had formerly been in force for the clearing
of the canals by forced labor of the peas
ants. The loss such forced labor meant to
the peasants was considerable. Now only at
high Nile are they liable to be called upou
to prevent floods. In 1881 251.253 men were
called out for the corvee; in 1897. U,069 only
were called out.
(irowth in Prosperity.
The development of the irrigation systems
of Egypt has wrought immense improvement
in the condition of the country, and the more
recent plans for conserving the water for
the dry seasons and thus insuring constant
crops will still further benefit the land oi
the Nile. The figures given below show how
much is due to improved irrigation. In 1892
the cotton crop was 2,546,(HK) kantars; in UK
it was 5,879,000 kantars. The sugar crop ror
the same years was 26.687.000 kilos and 73.
--597,000 kilos respectively.
The courts of justice were reorganized and
mixed tribunals were introduced to d«al with
oases in which the parties were of different
nationalitites. The composition of these trib
unals was partly native, partly European.
In the native courts crimes have greatly
diminished. In 18% there were 1.86* c«ees,
in 1897 there were 1,424 cases.
The population of Egypt has increased in
fifteen years by 43 per cent. It was 9,734,000
In 1897. Taxes are lower than ev«r before.
French Opposition to British Rale.
England's great enemy In Egypt is France,
which opposes all reforms, simply because
they are proposed by "perftde Albion."
Though England is paramount in Egypt.
French is still allowed to remain the official
language with Arabic; French newspapers
are allowed a free hand to spread any re
ports they may wish as to the work of the
British. In fact, there is no restraint upon
ABBAS 11., KHEDIVE OF EGYPT.
the French in little things, and it is the
knowledge that only in these little things are
they free to do as they like which make*
them .so furious against the prolonged Brit
ish occupation of Egypt.
In the Sudan it is too early to be able to
form any idea as to how the new rule will'
work out. It is probable, however, that as
soon as the military rule gives place to the
civil, the people of the country will recelva
all the benefits of their neighbors of the
lower .Nile. and, more virile aad independent,
they will progress much more rapidly than
will ever the fellahin.
- Wolves' Sent Kestrels.
Howard (S. D.) Spirit. ,' %
I . They had 'a wolf hunt up .In Minnesota
i last week that reminds one ; of , the bombard
; meat of The metropolis of , Guam. The waive*
sent "regrets" the next day. --,!-;
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