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LUCIAN SWIFT, J. & McLAIN,
T H X J O I H N A 1, Is published
every evening, except Sunday, at
«7-4t» Fourth Street South, Journal
Uuildiuti, Minneapolis, Minn.
c. j. Billson, Manager Eastern Adver
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Steel Combine's Prospects
The current number of the Iron Age In
dicates that the domestic hunger for iron
end 3teel products is extraordinarily strong
and apparently insatiable. The installa
tion of new enterprises continues and
with, a vigorous home market our exports
of iron and steel keep up in a gratifying
manner. The Russian retaliation of a
60 per cent Increase in her tariff duties
on our iron and steel because of the coun
tervailing duty our government has im
posed on Russian sugar in accordance with
our tariff law, will probably have no seri
ous effect upon our trade, as Russia has
not yet reached the industrial independ
ence enabling her to depend upon her own
resources. She will continue to buy our
iron and steel products through other
The United States Steel Corporation Is
reaching out to foreign lands for more
properties in Its line to purchase and, if
the plans adopted carry, there will be no
European competition to fear. Of the
three competitors in the world's iron and
steel markets —Great Britain, Germany and
the United States—whose combined output
Is 78 per cent of all pig iron and 82 per
cent of all the steel manufactured,
Great Britain has lost the dominant po
sition and our country has taken it, with
Germany second. Great Britain is handi
capped in the race by the fact that she has
to draw about a third of her ore supply
from Spain and elsewhere and she con
fronts a growing deficiency of fuel. Our
railway freights are one-fourth those of
Great Britain and raw material can be
transported long distances much more
cheaply than in England and we have all
the steel making material within our own
borders in great abundance. The steel
combine is in a position to capture mar
kets and lead in international competition.
Since the organzaton was effected there
lhas been a strong advance in prices, but
the advance began before the combine's an-
nouncement. Prices have strengthened
chiefly because there is a tremendous de
mand at home for Iron and steel products
Bad the export demand is keeping up well.
The Steel Combine begins operations with
a rising market. Many have been the
speculations as to its earning power and
predictions of a failure to earn the fixed
annual charges for dividends on $43,000,000
but some very long heads have been con
etructing this combine and if it is a
•cheme to boom shares, sell out and
quit, it is handled in an extraordinarily
careful manner which would seem to indi
cate a tenacious purpose.
Against such a combine as this, nothing
can be done, for the process of organiza
tion is legitimate. No congress or legis
lature can pass a law annulling a man's
right to sell property that belongs to him
or prohibit any man from buying property
he cam pay for.
Trade With China
It is reported that a Chinese firm in San
Francisco is negotiating for a large
amount of flour to be shipped from the
state of Washington to China during this
year. United States Consul Miller at
Chungking reports to the department of
state that, last year, when confusion and
bloodshed seemed to rule in China, our
flour trade with that country aggregated
*5,22 C,OOO in value, largely exceeding the
trade of 1899. Mr. Miller says the In
crease was shown at every port and that,
wherever flour has been introduced, the
Chinese palate prefers it to rice and all
■who can buy flour do so.
With the settlement of the present com
plications peacefully, there is no doubt
that our flour trade with China will be
a tremendous item in the future. It is in
the rice-growing sections of China that
foreign flour is most consumed. The Chi
nese hare two modern flour mills at Shang
hai, one with American equipment and the
other with British machinery. This flour
trade seems to have held its own very well
through the tumultuary proceedings in
China for the past year, a fact which sug
gests what a vast increase there will be
if the negotiations can be satisfactorily
concluded and Chinese uprisings prevented.
Our cotton goods trade with China has
suffered greatly, for a large proportion
of it was with north China ports, much of
it,* indeed, with ports now under Russian
control. There are large stocks of cotton
goods from this country at Shanghai, which
were ordered, before the Boxer uprising
began. The rise in the price of such goods
during the past year—from 6>4 to 7 cents
to 9fc to 10 cents has, however, met the
carrying charges meantime, these figures
being on a raw cotton basis.
Of course, new enterprises in China are
at a standstill now, for nobody kno^ps
what is going to happen. North China,
where the prißcipal disturbances took
place, is in an Impoverished condition be
tween the destructive excesses of the Box
ers and the "punitive expeditions" of the
powers. Whatever occurs in China, how
ever, our government is bound to insist
that the pledges given by the European
powers for the maintenance of the open
door of trade in that country, shall be
something more than diplomatic trifles.
These powers ought to know by this time,
that the United States is in no mood to be
trifled with in this matter. They ought to
know, too, that our government's position
in this matter is backed by public opinion
Injustice to Hennepin
The Hennepin delegation has introduced
into the legislature a reapportionment bill
which should become a law, but which in
the present temper of the state's law
makers seems to be doomed to an igno
minious end. A combination or group
of combinations seems to exist in the
present legislature which has for its ob
ject the humiliation of Minneapolis.
To prevent this city from securing a
congressional reapportionment that would
do justice to its size, a majority of the
legislature appears to be ready to adopt
a reapportionment scheme which is ap
parently unconstitutional. The.re can be
no tenable argument for a reapportion
ment plan which gives one congressman
to 228,000 people and another to 154,000.
When the Hennepin members protested
against the majority plan in the commit
tee, the advocates of this outrageous
measure could not and did not defend
The alleged arguments which are from
time to time brought forward for the
Daugherty bill are unthinkably absurd.
This is one of these sapient contributions
"Minneapolis is scheming to get two
The same alleged argument would em
anate from the same sources if Hennepin
county had 400,000 people. If Hennepin
has 228,000 people they are all entitled
to representation. If to give them that
representation the county should be cut
in two, cut it. This is plain justice, but
up rises some Solomon and says:
"I don't believe in dividing counties to
make congressional districts."
If Hennepin had 300,000 people this
same man would oppose division. Never
mind about unjust representation, but
never, oh, never violate the sacred county
Now here is another battering ram of
an argument used against justice to Hen
"If the primary election law is not ex
tended to the whole state, the country
districts thrown in with the east side of
Hennepin would be entirely at the mercy
of the Minneapolis manipulators."
"Manipulators" is good. If Hennepin
really had some, it would be getting its
deserts. The trouble is that there are
too many elsewhere. But what is the
meaning of the quoted sentence? If a
part of Hennepin were added to other
counties to form a district the primary
election law would not apply, for it dis
tinctly embraces only officers chosen
wholly within the county of Hennepin.
Can anybody explain how the primary
election law has any bearing at all? But
that is on a par with the other arguments
against Hennepin's plea for justice.
The Journal does not believe that
a majority of the people of the state ap
prove of the high-handed course of the
legislative majority in this matter. It
is most slovenly treatment of a county
which, in many an election, has been one
of the pillars of republican success in
A Senatorial Mistake
By its action of yesterday on the Hurd
bill to put the state oil inspector's office
on a salary basis, the Minnesota senate
has put itself into an anomalous position.
It is in favor of reforming a glaring abuse,
but opposed to making the reform opera
tive at once. "We believe in reforming
our successors, but we ourselves are
above the necessity," says the senate. Of
course, it is not the entire senate, but
only certain senators, who assume this
ridiculous attitude. But the action of a
few senators reflects seriously on the
entire body, and it may Jeopardize this
In its last analysis, this action of cer
tain senators means either favoritism to
an official or the perpetuation for party
purposes of an abuse which has become a
scandal. In either case the position as
sumed is wholly indefensible. Sound
principle, and not personal favor or party
convenience, should govern the action of
©very senator. To vote for this reform,
and at the same time postpone its opera
tion for two years. Is simply hypocritical.
If the fee system is bad in principle and
in effect, the honest course is to change
it at once. Senatorial favor to the pres
ent inspector is senatorial breach of duty
to the people. Retention of the system
so as to secure party revenue is no bet
ter. The republican party does pot need
any financial help from an overpaid oil
inspector. .We protest as republicans
against the present scale of fees, and we
warn all republican senators who oppose
the early adoption of the needed reform
that by so doing they only injure the fair
name of the party they profess to serve.
The majority of the people of Minnesota
are republicans from conviction, because
they believe In the fair name and the
honest tpurposes of their party.
The only argument made yesterday
against the immediate application of the
reduced scale of fees Is that it is not cus
tomary to reduce an official's fees during
his term. This argument is almost too
weak for words. The present incumbent
has just been appointed. He took the
office with notice that the reform was
urged and would be demanded. If he
should not be content with a living sal
ary let him resign. His renunciation of
an office with fair pay would indicate that
he had accepted that office for some ulte
No reputable political party can afford
to bear the scandal of perpetuating a plain
abuse of fundamental principles. Party
expediency which violates such principles
always reacts upon those who employ it.
The United States has warned Denmark that
she canot sell her Islands to anybody, else
but us as they are ia our sphere of laflutnce.
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKNAL.
Let us now warn England that she cannot
dispose of the Bermudas or Canada.
p H . This strange belief that a
followed person is sometimes fol
by a Hoodoo, lowed by a "hoodoo," a be
lief so streuuously held by
the colored brother in some jectiona of the
country, teems to have some foundation in
experience If the story of Sylvester Keyes, a
lumber dealer of Leon, Ohio, can be believed.
Mr. Keyea some years back, in some way,
got the'ldea of performing certain physical
acts, for his spiritual good. He made a
practice of going once around his bedroom
on his knees as a penam.-e for his sins and
for the purpose of warding off future trouble.
Last weelt Mr. Keyes was visiting relatives
north ot Seneca F-'.ils, N. V., and being tired
on Wednesday night he omitted the custom
for once. He was restless all night and dis
turbed because of his neglect. His trouble's
began in the morning. Going down stairs to
breakfast he stepped on a tack. While eating
breakfast he overturned the coffee utji and
scalded both legs. In the forenoon he helped
one of the men chop some firewood, and a
stick flew up and struck him on the head.
He started for the house, but slipped ou
the ice and fell, bruising his faoe and dis
coloring one eye Goiug up the steps into
the house, a loose cave trough fell and struck
him on the shoulder. Once inside, Mr. Keyea
had his various wounds dressed and started
for his room, but by mistake, owing to the
bandaging on his injured eye, he opened the
door leading to the cellar instead of the one
going upstairs, next to it, and fell dawu
He then refused to move but was carried
to his room and placed in bed. He believes
his series of misfortunes was due to his nerv
ous state resulting from worry and fear be
cause he had neglected his usual performance.
Mr. Keyes is probably right. If we make
laws like that for ourselves we shall bs
punished by ourselves for breaking them.
It is best to make no lawa for ourselves.
A person with a' Friday hoodoo ou his
trail loses one nice, whole day out of the
A Farmington, Minn., man writes that Mrs.
Nation's attack on the cigar is all right,
as it has just killed two men in his town.
The "bum cigar" is bad enough to kill weeds.
A baseball player In San Francisco is
known aa "The Human Sieve." Wbem-ver
the ball goes in his direction the bleachers
moan like the sea after a storm.
Josef Hofmann is now the real musical
thing in New York and the ladies in the audi
ences do the nervous prostration act after
General Alger is to build a model town in
Florida on the Pullman plan. These canned
towns seem to be prosperous for a time, but
they usually get into trouble in the end".
The chaplain of the Wisconsin house prayed
that the an?lc*garette bill might pass.. The
dude's deadly little nail is having hard sled
■ Canada Is complaining because Morgan, Hill
& Co. have secured a tailholf. tip there. Dear
friends, it is useless to squirm. You are on
The senatorial pace is getting hot at Lincoln.
Charges of bribery and free pass iniquity on
the part of the railroads are alleged.
A hospital corps will attend the second wolf
hunt in Anarchy county.
The peace and quiet of the vice presidency
have been rudely stirred.
Mon, hae ye ben oot oa ta links yet?
Thus. Q. Srabrooke in "The Round
ers" at the Metropolitan.
In the second act of "The Rounders" Will
C. Mandeville as the Duke de Paty Dv Clam
sings a song of ennui, the refrain and burden
of which is "nothing new." It is a clever
song, well sung. And it describes "The
Rounders" very well —nothing new. The
libretto sheds no credit upon the fame of
Harry B. Smith. He has borrowed from the
farce comedy writers the ancient theme of
the unfaithful husband and the innocent wife
with a desire for revenge. And along with
the theme he has adopted the suggestive situ
ations and the risky dialogue of the French
school. This is bad enough, to be sure, with
out the culminating and fatal mistake of
failing to supply, any action worth speaking |
of. The necessity of action in any kind ot»a
stage performance cannot be too greatly em
phasized. There is nothing doing in "The
Rounders." During the first act nothing of
consequence happens. The second act arouses I
glimmerings of hope that something will hap- !
pen soon. The third act sees the demise of
these hopes. The musical setting provided
by L. Englander is of better material though
not sufficiently characteristic or elaborate to
entitle the work to honors as a comic opera.
As usual >n such cases, the day is saved
by the- cleverness of the company. Thomas
Q. Seabrooke is one of the funniest of operatic
comedians and in spite of the lack of real
opportunities In "The Rounders" for the ex
hibition of his talents, he succeeds in turning
out a large output of laughter without seem
ing effort. His character of an Irishman who
has become grand vizier to the sultan and the
proprietor in consequence of a century of
wives is intrinsically funny. It was funny
when Bobby Gaylor first introduced it in "An
Irish Arab"—and it is funny now. But one
cannot resist the reflection that the Celtic
pasha would be funnier in Turkey trying to
aid his royal master to run the country and
at the same time struggling with questions of
domestic government in his large and well
assorted harem, than he can possibly be in
a Spanish bathing resort or in Paris making
love to a queen of the ballet. Mr. Seabrooke
has a delicious brogue, a walk that is fun
nier than any since the days of Pat Rooney
and a sunny smile that makes his round
Hibernian face as radiant as the rising sun.
His O'Hoolihan 6ong Is worth going miles to
enjoy. On the other hand, his case of alco
holic paralysis at the close of the second act
is so realistic as to be painful instead of
funny. The house sat through it exhibiting
signs of horror rather than of amusement.
But Mr. Seabrooke is for the most part a
clever entertainer who can sing a song, shake
a foot or perpetrate a joke with the best of
Mr. Mandevllle is his very able coadjutor.
He is well remembered here for his excellent
performance of the title role of "El Capltan"
after DeWolf Hopper had turned to newer
productions. He is a master in the exposi
tion of the peculiar lugubrious brand of hu
mor allotted to the duke, and moreover he
sings a topical sing most effectively and in a
pleasant voice. Harry Stuart supplies the
German role which has come to be inevitable
in such productions. He is the leader of a
German band and a very funny one. Jeanette
Lowrie as the innocent little Quakeress wife
of the marquis is audaciously ingenuous. She
has the gift which brought fame to Kate Cas
tleton of cloaking audacity in the garb of in
nocence. Her votee is her weak point and
that isn't so bad within its own proper regis
ter. Bertha Walzinger, an old favorite in
comic opera, plays the queen of the ballet
acceptably and her voice, though showing
signs of wear, is pleasing. Nellie Lynch,
third in the trio of soubrettes, is at her best
when dancing. Mabel Blake plays the in
evitable ancient female, whom Gilbert first
made a fixture in comic opera, with that com
plete sacrifice of personal charm necessary
The chorus, which is practically all femi
nine, sings rather shrilly, having apparently
been selected for some other than musical
qualifications. To sum it up, 'The Round
ers," even when judged by the not very high
standard of such productions, is not worthy
of the talents of Mr. Seabrooke and his com
pany. One of its chief faults is its vulgarity.
—W. B. C.
The sale of seats for the Sousa concerts at
the Lyceum theater opened with a rush yes
terday. Everybody seems to have heard of
the unparalleled success of Sousa in Europe
and on his tour of the continent this season
and all are anxious to see and hear the fa
mous band that created such a furore in the
musical centers of Europe.
Next Sunday night "Arizona" opens a
week's engagement at the Metropolitan, with
matinees Wednesday and Saturday. This is
sufficient for those who witnessed Augustus
Thomas' great play last year. Others may
look over the files of the New York papers
and note the comments made during "Ari
zona's" unparalleled run at the Herald
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OP THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Kow.
A TrWnt In SteamahluK.
, 'Maroli*B.—Now ( comes, a "trust" of,steam
ships, controlling the -. trade' between" 'his
country and ,; Brazil. ■ Negotiations life, said
to have been practically completed for a con- ■
solidation of the Broth Steamship company.
Limited,' and the Red Cross line. Both, are
incorporated in.Liverpool and are represented
by agents In 1 New York. ' News comes from
Liverpool that an agreement had been
reached by which the Booth Steamship' com
pany is to absorb the Red Cross line, the
consolidated company to be capitalized at
15,000,006. These two * lines have long been
rivals in the Brazilian trade, although.it is i
said they have l.ad a traffic agreement for |
several months. Both lines covered the same
field and ; practically had a monopoly of the
trade to Para, Mauaos; Maranham and Ceaia.
Each line has about fifteen steamships. *■' !f'*
Relic of a. Great Firei '
A queer relic of the great Hoboken fire of
last June, when several North German Lloyd
steamers were wholly and others partly
destroyed, Is now In the possession cf Second
Officer .Einile Zander of the Kaiser Wllhelm
der Grfesse. This is a portrait of th« German
imperial family, apparently glued firmly to a
piece of glass. It is now suspended In Mr.
Zander's apartment. It looks as though the
portrait of the Kaiser, his consort'"and his
sons had been cut from the original cardboard
and pasted on the glrss. As a matter of fact,'
the picture went all through the fire at llo
boken, on the' Saale, of which Mr. Zander
was second officer. When he visited his
apartments after the steamer had cooled down
sufficiently to be .inspected, he j found every
thing completely destroyed by the fire, the
single exception' being this picture of the
Kaiser, which was burned to a: crisp, save
where ; the ( figures of the royal. personages
appeared. At these, spots '■ the ' glass had be
come firmly fastened to the picture, practical
ly melted on, without, however, injuring the
cardboard, The figures alone bad escaped,
whereas the rest of the picture, together with
woodwork,' iron and steel, and other ' fixtures,
had been completely destroyed. Mr. Zander
sent the picture to the Kaiser,< who returned'
it after examination, and it is now a highly
prized souvenir. ;,;r ( ;
A pretty little American girl and a Jap
anese diplomat were married at the city hali
by an Irish alderman in the presence of sev
eral German and English witnesses. Tocihi
Takaiugi, vice consul for the mikado's gov
ernment at thia port, was the groom, and his
bride was Miss .Elizabeth Baker, daughter
of a prominent broker. The groom is 27
years old, a graduate of Yale university and
a mem'oer of one of the noblest families in
Japan. Little Miss Baker's sweetheart was
not looked on with favor by her family, and
the lovers were separated. When she bought
a bottle of carbolic acid, however, and threat
ened to use it internally, undiluted, her
family concluded that a wedding might be
better than a funeral and gave their consent.
It is another Central park match. The couple
first mot on the Mall, and clandestine meet
ings were a regular feature until the car
bolic acid crisis brought them :o the mayor's
Millions iv DinmonuN.
According to a well-known expert New
York is more lavishly set with diamonds than,
any other city in the world. He estimates
that f170.000.0a0 worth of precious gems are
owned by prominent families here. Of this
amount the Vandorbilt family heads the Us:
with about $4,ooO,<ii"k>, and Mrs. O. H. P. Bel
mont owns at least fSOO^OO. The Mackay
family comes next with $1,000,000. The Astor J
diamonds are also enormously valuable.
"While many of the diamonds owned in New
York are not so famous historically," says
the gem expert, "still, in fineness, weight and
beauty many of them are equal to the best
foreign diamonds. The prices paid for some
American gems are very high. Half a dozen
American families own jewels which rank
in intrinsic value with some of the gems
possessed by royal houses of Europe." If
you wish to get a view of the scintillating
gems in all their profusion go to the opera
ou a de Reszke night. On such an occasion
it is estimated that the parteere boxes hold
a collection of precious stones worth at least
Old Cannon Balls Found.
Curious relics of revolutionary days are be
ing constantly turned up .by men employed
in excavating the new custom-house site at
Bowling Green. To-day two solid shot, fifteen
inches in circumstances and coated with rust,
were unearthed. They were buried long be
fore the days of Washington, according to
several experts. Bowling Green is historic
ground and all sorts of queer things have
betn brought to light since work on the site
of Steamship row began three weeks ago.
I!* THE NBW ERA
Professor Woodfow Wilson contributes an
admirable paper to the Atlantic on "Democ
racy and Efficiency," embodying a discussion
of the new era "which has come upon us
like a sudden vision of things unprophesied
and for which no polity has been prepared,"
and the new duties and responsibilities which
command us and leave us bo alternative but
to obey if we would not be stragglers in the
rear, He Impressively sums up the new tasks
thrust upon us. "We might not," he says,
"have seen our duty, had the Philippines
not fallen to us by the fortune of war; but
it would have been our duty, nevertheless,
to play the part we now see ouselves obliged
to play. The east is to be opened and trans
formed whether we will or no; the standards
of the west are to be imposed upon it; na
tions and peoples which have stood still the
centuries through, are to be quickened, and
made part of the universal world of com
merce and of ideas, which has so steadily
been a-making by the advance of European
power from age to age. It is our peculiar
duty, as it is also England's, to moderate
the process in the interests of liberty, to im
part to the peoples thus driven out upon
the road of change, so far as we have op
nortunlty or can make it, our own principles
x>t self-help: teach them order and self
control in the midst of change; impart to
them, if it be possible by contact and sym
pathy and example, the drill and habit of
law and obedience which we long ago got out
of the strenuous processes of English his
tory: secure for them, when we may, the free
intercourse and the natural development
■which shall make them, at least, equal'mem
bers of the family of nations." The new era,
the professor hopes, may give to ourselves
responsible leadership instead of government
by mass meeting, a trained and thoroughly
organized administrative service, instead of
I administration by men privately nominated
and blindly elected; a new notion of terms of
office and of standards of policy.
Rufuft Rockwell Wilson, in an interesting
paper on the Hou. Galusha A. Grow and the
homestead act, of which he is the author,
contributed to The Wordl's Work for March,
after referring to the issue of the first pat
ent to Dr. Freeman In 1863, says:
"During the thirty-eight years that have
since elapsed, more than 200,000,000 acres of
public lands hay* been entered, and more
than 4,000.000 people have obtained free homes
under the operation of the homestead act,
while a tract far exceeding in area all th*
thirteen original states has been peopled.
And the homesteader still has a long future
before him, for, of public land still remain
ing open to settlement, Montana has 70,000,000
acres, Nevada 60,000,000, New Mexico 55.000,000
and Arizona a little more than 53,000,000.
The long procession which Dr. Freeman
headed has not yet halted: it still moves on,
and its march will probably continue until
the last available acre of public lands has
been handed over by the government for the
use of its citizens."
Mr. Grow succeeded David Wilmot in con
gress and has been a republican since the
organization of that party. During his sin
gle term as speaker he presided over three
sessions of the house, and when the sinews
of war had to be provided in 1861, he was the
directing Bpirit in the making of provision
for the conflict. And Mr. Grow is still a
member of congress from Pennsylvania. New
York: Doubleday, Page & Co.
May Tarn the Table* on Va.
If the hanging of negroea does not cease in
the north and west, it may become the pain
ful duty of the people of south to hold indig
nation meetings to denounce their northern
The Brave Tin Soldier
BY EDITH WYATT.
Copyright 1901 by S. 3. McClurc Co.
Fritzie Gross was a good-natured, blus
tering young Jewish bachelor, living iv a
boarding-house on Lincoln avenue, when h«
was not on the road. He was a traveling
salesman for Fred Einstein's clothing house,
a blonde, ruddy German Jew, rather small,
unwearying in practical Jokes.
Mrs. Einstein and htr Mister aaid he was
just as full of fun as he could be, and th<v
not only laughed at his jokes, but believed
In hit stories. These were always various
instances of his own courage; their scene an
office or a railway car; their circumstance
the &ffer to the spirited Fritzie of some dis
tasteful statement made by another man.
their event. the- cowing and Tout of the otter
liuiii in sucii terms as, "I'll pitch you dov.'n
stars if I hear some' more talk like that,"
I says. "Vain to get pitch down stairs?"
1 says. '-Vant to get pitch down stairs right
;While no one'exactly believed these stor
,l'ies, yet, somehow, Fritzte Gross was ad
mired ,for them;- and whenever he was In
Chicago he went to the Einstein-s to swagger
and laugh-with the expansive Fred and his
many family friends and to play with his
children., They called him Uncle Fritzie, and
they were all riotously fond of him; but, his
best friends' ■ among them* were Selma and
Becky, the eldest, children, two very pretty
Httl* |irls, on.- 13' the other 14 years old.
VSelma was dark and large, with a clear,
olive coloring, eyes dusky and giorius and
smooth, black hair, hanging in braids, swept
back from a brow calm with all the loveli
ness of . childhood and the domestic affec
tion of her house.
Beck's hair was curly, and hung loose
/abou,t her shoulders and down around ;her
■ywaist; . She was much lighter and thinner
than* Selma.- Her dresses swung gracefully
around ankles straight and slender, and trip
ping little, feet, beautifully shod.. Her skin
was very white and her eyes blue and spar
kling with the fierceness of a rather spoiled
.To Selma and Becky, Fritzie Gross liked to
bring presents of ■ Roman sashes and gauze
fans and jeweled buckles. He liked to have
them down town, to sit at little tables in
sparkling candy stores and drink soda water
and eat pink-and-white ice cream. But espe
cially he liked'to take them.to the matinee.
It yras delightful to him to sit in the lighted
• theater, with the gay music"-of comic opera
sounding in some familiar overture, and Sel
ma and Becky,blooming and happy on either
side in "■'. light summer, silks, Voiding flower-
Ing leghorn hats in.their laps.
In the winter he would take them sleigh
riding and skating. As soon as the ice was
frozen over in the park he and Selma and
Becky would start out with skrte bags, late
in the afternoon, after school v.-as over. Be
fore they could reach it, the North Pond
would jf be- covered with skaters—little boys
plunging madly, young girls gracefully dip
ping and whirling; men swooping and strid
ing; swinging skirts, bright-tipped hats and
caps, dark coats and jackets, darting and
flying under the blue winter sky, among the
brown-and-white slopes, and the pillaring
black tree trunks of the cold'park..
Fritzie Gross would wear a gaudy' purpie
tippet and ..a. toboggan cap, and from his
dress and manner of beating himself and of
magnificently breasting the gale, one might
have supposed the moderate winter gayeties
of Lincoln park invested with all. the con
ditions of Canadian-or Russian seasons."
He dashed around, noisily buckling ladies'
skates, and- whizzing delighted, shrieking
children about the, ; pond, and showing off,
cutting figure eights in the ice and skating
backward with his scarf floating in the
When Fred Einstein came to watch some
times. Fritzie Gross would teeter on one
foot and tell him of different masterly scenes
on the ice ponds, one, in particular; of a
man of astonishing meekness, at Humboldt
Park, who clumsily skated in a lady's way,
and was told by Frizt Gross to "Get out
of this park— get out already."
Fritzie imitated his foe, replying, in a low,
whining key, "Certainly, sir."
"Get out of this park, I tell you, and go
take a few skate lessons."
One very cold winter the lake froze as far
out as the crib. People took walks on the
ice, and skaters crowded to the lake shore.
It was at this time that SMina, Becky and
Uncle Fritzie, very lively and noisy, started
out, one afternoon, to skate on the lake.
It was a fine, cold day. Across the bare,
pray paths and roads of thp park, glittering
with little white pockets of snow and blue
splinters of ice, t*iey walked out to the
shore, and there their afternoon spread be
The sky was blue and dazzling with stream
ing winter sunlight. In its unfathomable
heights hung and floated snowy masses of
toppling cloud, and nuderneath the ice-clad
lake repeated in the colors of its calm scope
the white and azure splendor of the heavens.
Up to the horizon the veiled waters spread
co'id"and vast; and north and south they met
the city's smoke-hung shores, in hoary,
A little breeze blew from the land: the air
was cold as water in one's mouth, and it
seemed to the children they could hardly
wait to strap their skates and be off, flying
over the frozen surface. Thjq seized each
other's hands and shouted as they darted
along the curve of the little sandy beech of
their start, and out toward where a few other
people were whizzing, black specks against
the phite plain. They skated on and on—the
fresh wind blowing behind, the stinging air
in their faces, the free scope ahead, all ex
hilarated them, and they had gone perhaps
a mile when they saw across the dazzling
field before them a wide, bla«k bar.
The ice had broken there, and at a little
distance from its edge a crowd of people
stood, or slowly skated, looking at the gulf.
Uncle Kritzie made the little girls sit down
on the ice and took off their skates, noisily
for the benefit-of the crowd:
'•It is best—best to afooid all danger. Yon
little slide too far, vhere vould you be so
kvick? Vat vouli your mamma say to me
He kept tis own skates on, however, and
with great difficulty balanced himself, to the
admiration of all, by sticking one skate point
into the ice. While they werp standing look
ing at the black, lapping water, they saw
skating toward it, a few yards from them, a
little boy. He was plunging forward, swing
ing his bowed arms, his cap pulled down
over his eyes to protect them from the
glare. He was going as fast as he could.
They all cried out to him in one 1 common
voice of horror. But his impulse had been
too strong. He turned a questioning little
face to them as his skate runner slid over the
verge, and he was gone.
A woman in the crowd began to wring her
bands and groan.
Men and boys glanced nervously at each
other and the water, and they all with one
accord moved ne-arer to it Meanwhile Uncle
Fritzie had unbuckled his skates and thrown
off his coat: his ruddy face had turned white.
He ran along the ice to where the little boy
had fallen, his high shoulders twitching, his
purple tippet floating behind.
Here- he turned, half facet the crowd,
raised his chin proudly, and waved a reas
suring hand to Selma and Becky. Everybody
Shouted and he dived. Whether he reached
the little boy: whether some undertow held
them down; whether they came up under the
ice, no one ever knew. In the sight of the
watchers they did not come to the surface
" It was a comfort to the little bey's mother
to see the Einsteins, and weep with their
bereavement. Fritzie Gross had uo relatives;
but remote kindred were proud to mourn
Black Mhii Han \o Choice.
A negro m^ner of Camden, Mo., who killed
a white miner in self-defense, he said, was
lynched by a mob. The negro then, if his
statement be true, had the alternative of
being killed by one white man or a hundred.
There is little choice between such alterna
In Sure of a Customer.
Sioux City Journal.
John L. Sullivan is now officiating as trav
eling salesman for an eastern distillery.
Business is bound to be good whether John
sells much or not.
l»e for the lale of Pinen.
Pittsburg Dispatt h.
The desire to secure that additional island
is now justified on the theory that if the Cu
bans refuse us roaling stations, the navy
will have to go to the Isle of Pines and get
FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 8, 190f.
MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES
(Copyright, 1901, by Victor P. Lawson.)
PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OF NATIONAL REPUTATION.
AMERICAN LIFE A CENTURY
Hl.-BO\.\KTS THAT OIK (iItAMI
(By Alice Morse Karl, author of "Costume in
Colonial Times," "Home Life in Colonial
Days, ' China Collecting in America, '
We learn from the newspapers of 18(!l what
headgear was for sale—"straw, v
cane, willow and chip bonnets; maids" village
si law bonnets; women's and dames' bag,
gipsy, Volney, Leghorn, Norway and Oar
liand straw bonnets." These straw bonnets
wen* worn in winter as well as In summer,
chiefly in the morning, and were tied on the
head with a crimson silk handkerchief. The
working In tiraw has ever been a work of
women, as was also its invention. Mrs. Isa
bel iJenton of Beeston, Leeds, Knglaud, iv-
* ' - l"?* '. ' ■ : ■ .* _ t
WALKING DRESS AND ESVENING DRESS, lMo'l.
vented straw hats in the time of Charles 1.,
and maintained herself and a large family
In a work written by a Pennsylvania Qua
ker in 1685 he urges that schools be provided
where girls may be taught among other arts
and mysteries "the making of straw works,
such as hats and baskets." His useful hint
was not carried out in any fullness till a
century later, when many Americans awoke
to the simultaneous consciousness that the
costly and intricate straw bonnets made of
the beautiful Italian braids could be suc
cessfully imitated at home. Handsome Leg
horn hats cost $20 to ?30. The first American
inventor who was accorded a patent by the
British government was a woman, Mrs. Sy
billa Masters of Philadelphia, and it was for
a method of using straw and palmetto for
making hats. The first patent issued to a
woman by the government of the l"nited
States was also for an invention in straw
bonnets. A third woman, a young girl named
Betsy Metcalf of Providence, R. 1., started
the manufacture of "straw headgear in this
The Turban anil the Calash.
Heavy beaver hats, with rolling brims like
men's hats, were worn in full dress, and hats
of velvet and satin: but the most character
istic headgear of the first quarter of the
eighteenth century was the turban; it out
lasted changes of all scrts in other details
of the costume. Nine-tenths of the women's
portraits of that day, in youth and old age,
display a turban. Great scarfs of gauze and
net adorned or formed these turbans and
strings of beads festooned them. Gold fringe
| was a favorite decoration. The soft white
turbans of crape and gauze were very becom
ing to young women.
A very odd and characteristic headgear was
the calash. It had been invented to wear
■with the pompadours and powdered heads of
the eighteenth century, but remained in favor
till IS4O. It was shaped like a chaise top,
was stiffened with canes or whalebones and
could be pulled over the face.
Wig's and Other Styles for the Hair.
We have from letters and diaries of the
day occasional glimpses of the fashions.
Eliza tfouthgate Browne, a very spirited
WOMEN'S DRESS IX 1832.
young girl of 17, wrote at that time during
her visits to Boston and Now York frequent
ami interesting letters to her mother, and
she opened the year ISoO thus:
"Now, mama, what do you think I am going
to ask for?—a wig. Eleanor has a new one
ju^t like my hair ami only $5. 1 must either
cut my hair or have one. 1 cannot dress it
at all stylish. Mrs. Coffin bought Eleanor's
and says she will get me one just like it;
how much time it would save-^in one year we
could save it in pins and paper, besides the
trouble. At the assembly 1 was quite ashamed
of my head, for nobody has long hair. If you
will consent to my having one, do send me
over a $."> bill by the post immediately after
you receive this, for I am in hopes to have
It for the next assembly. Do send me word
Immediately if you can let me have one.
It is not to be wondered that wigs had to
be worn, the hair had been so tortured, so
craped, Rtuffod, pomatumed, powdered and
• •uried, that few women had any hair left.
Mine. Tallien had thirty wigs of various col
ors u:id Bhapes. This fashion lasted but a.
lew years, varying with cropped heads.
While the fashions of the town followed
the modes of Paris, in the country simple
modes prevailed An English traveler, Mr.
Lambert, wrote thu.s in 1813 of the dress of
New England women.
Their light hair is tastefully turned up be
hind in the modern style and fastened with
a comb. Their dress is neat, simple and
genteel, usually consisting of a printed cotton
Jacket with long sleeves, a petticoat of the
same, with a colored cotton apron or pincloth
without sleeve 3 tied tight and covering the
lower part of the bosom.
Peter Parley gives an almost identical de-
Bcriptioa of women's dress at that date.
Graceful Fashion* Lately Revived.
There is no doubt that the fashion for
woman's dress of the year 1830 was c-Qarm-
ing, though overdone. The leg-of-mutton
si^eve was graceful, but a little too large;
the shoulders were prettily displayed above
a line of fine lace, but the line was too hori
zontal, in evening dress it made the gown
appear to be slipping off the shoulders. The
nape of the np-k was left wholly exposed,
and the hair was drawn up to the top of
the head and down in front in a strained
mode. The wide, full dress skirts were a
little too short, for they displayed the ankles;
the lace collarettes* and capes were too
straight. The bodir-e was too plain and the
straight waist lines were poor. Still, tha
whole dress was pretty, and the modes all
<L -erved the revival they have had during the
last few years—a revival which Is, after all,
rather surprising, for it extends even to the
details—for instance, ermine and chinchilla,
the furs of 1830, and osprey feathers and
aigrettes, and point applique and similar
laces. Our modern adoption oi these modes
was not in extreme. Our leg-of-mutton.
sleeves were not stiffened with whalebones
nor stuffed with down pillows. Our skirts
were longer, and we had beautiful and use
ful capes, instead of Ecarfs and shawls, and
we had not the same ungainly form of hair
One curious and yet graceful ornament of
the fashion of IS2U to 1840 we did uot revive.
I refer to the feronniere, or band around tho
head, from which depended a jewel or orna
ment over the middle of the forehead, as may
en in scores of portraits. With the
smothly banded or ringleted hair it gives to
every countenance a curiously submissi%-e
iook, as if the jewel were hung on a slave
it is, I believe, an oriental fashion. This
feronniere was often composed of fine gold
Venetian chain; sometimes also of black vel
vet ribbon, of fine vines or artificial flowers,
of silken cord, or strings of beads.
By 1837 the style of the gown was sllghtly
changed. The bodice became pointed and the
waist smaller; the sleeves also were smaller,
and a pelerine was worn tight-drawn over
the folded arms. The skirts were longer.
The girlish portraits of Queen Victoria snow
these modes. Bows of ribbon down the dres3
front and large oval brooches were ail the
fashion. Muffs, bouquets, fans and para
sols all were smaller, and a general skimpi-
ness of costume prevailed—a forerunner of
the.meek and mild type of the modes which
were established and beloved la the year IS4O.
gfes c/£kst (oan£c.]
"After" Not "To."
Sioux City Tribune.
1 The report that J. Pierpont Morgan will go
to Europe "-la undoubtedly an error. Mr.
• Morgan is going after it.
Knjoy It and Be Thankful,
, Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
A Missouri paper sagely observes that "the
fascination of kissing, cannot be explained."
Why try? '.'"'.*:".: ":■*■' "' : ''