Newspaper Page Text
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And the Demand for Their
Products •— Asphaltum
It is commonly thought that California
petroleum Is good for fuel and that's about
all. This is because the greatest need
here is cheap fuel, but when this need is
Bupplied the following example will show
to what uses the balance of the product
can be put. These figures were given to
Mr. Geo. R. Whitcomb by John B. McClos
key of Santa Paula, Cal. They are not
compiled from a laboratory test, but are
the results obtained by Mr. McCloskey
time and again in a hundred barrel still in
the Ventura Oil company's refinery at Ven
tura from 24 gravity Ventura county oil.
. Prom 100 barrels of 42 gallons each:
3 barrels of 76 degrees gasolene.
4 barrels of 63 degree benzine.
15 barrels of 45 degree water white ker
8 barrels of 38 degree export kerosene.
21 barrels of 28 degree gasolene distillate.
10 barrels of 26 degree light lubricant.
VI barrels of 23 degree neutral oil.
G barrels of 21 degree red neutral oil.
5 barrels of 14 degree lubricant stock oil.
11 barrels asphaltum of 250 lbs each.
5 barrels waste.
100 barrels in all •with only 5 bbls waste.
Samples of all these products were given
to George R. Whltconib by Mr. McCloskey
and can be seen at his office, 511 Phoenix
building, this city, and no finer kerosene
MURDER OF DOTSON
Instigated by His Own Son and Ex
ecuted by McArthur.
PLOT WHICH READS AS ROMANCE
Extraordinary Efforts to Establish
a Theory of Suicide—An Old
Bpecial to The Journal.
Deadwood, S. D., March 9.—The remains
tot the late Captain Oliver Dotson have
been laid away In the Spearflsh ceme
tery. His body was brought down from
near Helena, Mont., by Hiram Dotson, a
son. The funeral was held from the Meth
odist church of Spearflsh, and was large
ly attended, as> Captain Dotson has for
years been a familiar figure to the peo
ple of Spearfish. Hiram Dotson, whose
Lome is in Spearflsh, started for Helena
after his father's remains as soon as he
learned of his death and the tragic and
mysterious circumstances surrounding it.
• The officers of Powell county, in which
the captain had made his home for seven
years, no longer have any doubt as to the
manner in which death was produced.
*The latest developments point conclusive
ly to a cold-blooded murder, and the at
tempt to give his death the appearnce
©f suicide was so flimsy that it com
pletely dissolved in less than two days
after the discovery was made. James
HeArthur, the discharged convict from
the Red Lodge penitentiary, is consid
ered the criminal beyond any question.
It is known that before getting his dis
charge he had promised Clinton Dotson,
a son of the murdered man, that he would
kill the old man for the purpose of se
curing the release of young Dotson, Oliver
Benson and Elias Persinger, who were
serving long sentences for the murder
It is apparent that the murder resulted
from the plan hatched up in the peniten
tiary between MoArthur and Clinton
Dotson, <wherehy the latter upon being
released from the penitentiary, was to
divide with McArthur $15,000 in gold
■which he had in hiding. Another convict
in the penitentiary overheard the plan,
and reported it to the warden, at the
Clinton Dotson and McArthur were
cell mates before the latter was released,
and it was in their cell that the con
spiracy was formed, whereby the old man
•was to be murdered, a confession forged
In which the old man was to admit that
Cullinane was killed by him and Edward
Cachelin, and protesting the innocence
of the three men serving pentences for
A Friend to McArthur.
Upon being released from the peni
tentiary, McArthur was seen around with
Captain Dotson much of the time, and
they were in Helena together on several
occasions. McArthur had a bad reputa
tion, and the police were watching him
closely when In town. Captain Dotson
appeared to have perfect confidence in
him, however, because of hi 3 association
with his son in the state prison. While in
Helena at one time the elder Dotson was
robbed of a sum of money. Suspicion
pointed to McArthur, who was immedi
ately arrested. Captain Dotson refused
to believe him guilty, and would not ap
pear against him, so the matter was
dropped. When Dotson returned to his
cabin in Washington gulch, however. Dot
son informed some of his neighborsl that
he had '>een robbed by McArthur.
It has been proven beyond a peradven
ture that Dotson was shot through a hole
that had been cut in the wall of the cabin.
The murder was committed on Friday,
Feb. 16. Dotson was away from home
moat of that day, and it is believed that
McArthur took advantage of his absence
to cut the hole and await the old man's
leturn. He thrust the inuzzie of ta# rifle
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or benzine or lubricants are made from
any crude petroleum in the world than are
made from Ventura county crude oil.
Eastern experts give the same testimony.
We clip the following from a Los Angeles
Recently a sample lot of oil from the
Piru oil field in Ventura county was sent
to W. H. Marshall, one of the expert chem
ists in a large refinery at Cleveland, Ohio.
Yesterday the company received' the fol
lowing letter, which is self explanatory:
"Dear Sir: You remember I had you
send me a few weeks since a sample lot of
California crude petroleum. You sent some
of the Ventura county crude. Perhaps you
will be interested in knowing what re
sults were obtained from working with
this oil. Perhaps they will be as surpris
ing to you as they were to the writer, be
cause of the rather unsatisfactory reports
I had heard of the California oil, except
for fuel purposes.
"By our process we obtained from your
samples what is unquestionably the finest
burning oil ever seen, not even excepting
the finest Pennsylvania oil. It is abso
lutely colorless; no bloom; scarcely any
odor, and what it has is sweet; burned it
alongside of Pennsylvania oil with better
result. You may think this is putting it
rather strong, and it is, but I cannot put
it too strong for all I have said is a fact.
It is apparent to me that there is great op*
portunity for money making in the busi
ness of refining petroleum in the state of
California, if proper methods and process
are used by individuals or organizations
who have sufficient capital. Let me say
right here that the results obtained, as
above mentioned, from your oils by this
process, entail less expense of plant and
manufacture than does the regular every
day refining of Pennsylvania or Ohio oils.
"The Ventura crude, 25 degrees gravity,
■we find, when properly treated, yields 30
through the hole and shot Dotson in the
head, killing him instantly. McArthur
then, from all appearances, set about to
establish the theory of suicide. He fast
ened the gun to a bookcase with staples,
and tied a string to the trigger, so as to
make it appear that Dotson had been
standing in front of the gun, and had
pulled the trigger himself. But the man
was evidently in a hurry, and it was
l'ound that the staples were not strong
enough to withstand the recoil of the gun.
On the outside of the cabin, just to one
side of the hole, there were
found abundant evidences of powder, the
edges of the hole being blackened and
McArthur then undoubtedly forged the
following confession, which was found in
Dotson's cabin by the officers:
Washington Gulch (no date).—ln the year
1896, in October, I think it was, I killed a |
man in Gallatin county, near Central park,
and hid the body in the bushes about 700
yards west of the bridge. In August, 1599.
my son-in-law, Ed Cachelin, and myself
killed Eugene Cullinane. Ed Cachelin shot
Eugene in the head, and I shot him in the
back. We did not kill him for his money;
we killed him to get him out of the way.
We thought we would be arrested, and Cache
lin took Eugene's horse and rode to Helena,
where my son, Clinton Dotson, was camped,
and he watched until Clinton had goue up
town, and he then hid Eugene's watch in the
mattress of Cliuton's bed. My son Clinton
is not guilty of any crime at all, and T can't
stand to have him in prison. My grandson,
Oliver Benson, is not guilty, and that other
man from Missouri is not guilty, and I hope
my son will forgive me for it.
Captain Doteon had expected for some
time that he would be assassinated, and
had given utterance to the belief to Felix
Ingram, a former Black Hills man, at the
time of the trial of Clinton Dotson and the
other two murderers of Cullinane. The
elder Dotson was a witness against his
son and the other two, testifying to cir
cumstances that incriminated .them. He
was courageous, however, and would not
take any extraordinary precautions.
Story of the Mnrder. ;
Clinton Dotson, Oliver Benson and Elias
Persinger were convicted of the murder of
Cullinane not only by overwhelming cir
cumstantial evidence, but also by the con
fession of young Benson, who related the
details of the crime to the officers. Pre
vious to this confession Dotson had en
deavored to throw the crime upon his
brother-in-law, Edward Cachelin, who was
in Montana at the time. Cullinane's watch
was found in Dotson's bed at the time he
was arrested, and he claimed that it had
been placed there by Cachelin. This story
was absolutely exploded by the confession
of young Benson, who stated that he,
Clint Dotson and Persinger went to the
cabin of Cullinane, in American gulch, and
that Dotson shot Cullinane in the head
with a rifle. Benson said Dotson took
Cullinane's watch and concealed the body
in a brush pile.
RAIDED THE GAMBLERS
Six Men Taken in* the Drag >et at j
- ; \- '.'•. Mitchell, S. D. :
Special to The Journal. .. :''...
g| Mitchell, S. D., -■ March 9.—The city ad
ministration does - not propose i to;■"• allow
gambling in Mitchell if I there is a way ito
prevent it. A few nights ago-the chief of
police made a ■ raid' on the only gambling
den in town and caught five men redhand
ed. They -with the proprietor of the place
were arrested, and all but the latter plead
ed guilty. The proprietor will stand trial,
the case being set for Monday. , t
The annual • convention of i the collegiate
Y. M. C. A., which was to have been held
in this city this week was postponed. The
executive committee decided, to postpone
after a consultation ; with ; physicians! con
cerning the probability, of spreading small
pox. ' The ' meeting will • probably be ; held
about the middle of April. 3S£sgSg§3gßl
The State Band of this city is . arranging
to secure ; the services of Professor. J. .W.
Merrill3 as instructor with the idea Vof
making it the leading musical organization
o£ the state." r (
THE MDsTNEAPOLIS JOURNAL 1.
per cent water white burning oil, test 150
degrees 45 gravity, of the quality above
described. The residue yields good quality
of paramne oil, but no wax, or it may be
properly reduced with steam and, after
treatment, make first-class cylinder
The agents of coast stations of the
Standard Oil company have steadily ad
vertised and sold "eastern oil," getting a
little higher price for it than for kero
sene not claimed to be "eastern," and as
the Standard has now, and for that matter
always has had, the monopoly in han
dling illuminating oils ou the coast, as
they have had for the last twenty years
everywhere else, their say has formed
public opinion, but to the producer of
crude oil on the coast and the refiner
it is an open secret that hardly a barrel
of eastern kerosene oil has ever gone into
The Standard Oil company has steadily
bought every barrel of the light products,
naphtha, benzine, gasolene and kerosene,
from every refinery that ever produced any
of these goods and is ready to and does
contract for the light product of every
new refinery that starts up anywhere in
th.c state. What becomes of all this if
not sold from the tank wagons of the
Standard Oil company, which supplies the
householder iv 0 every town from Van
couver, B. C, -*o San Diego? And the
demand is greater every year.
If California crude petroleum does not
refine into good illuminating oils, why
was the Standard so anxious to acquire
the refinery of the Pacific Coast Oil com
pany at or near San Francisco? They
are reported to have paid over $6,000,000
for the property of this company. The
fact is that no finer illuminating oils are
produced in the world than at Chino, Los
Augeles, Port Costa and San Francisco,
Cal. The crude oil from Ventura county,
from Whittier and Fullerton, refine over
30 per cent water white, forty-five degree,
150 test kerosene oil and from the white
oil district, Plaserita canyon, near New
hall, Los Angeles county, the crude re
fines over 80 per cent high grade illumi
nating oil. In fact, it is so clear as it
comes from the ground that anyone not
familiar with the oil business would
pronounce it pure kerosene. The only
trouble is that as yet so much crude oil
is used for fuel that California refineries
can hardly supply the demand for illumi
There is little or no waste in refining
Los Angeles and Ventura oils. The resi
due, after the lighter products are taken
off, are neutral oils, lubricating stock and
asphaltum. Several refineries in those
portions of the state which yield the heavy
black oils work only for the asphaltum
to be obtained, which sells readily f. o. b.
cars at $25 per ton. The eleven casks of
asphaltum residue from the 100 barrels
Ventura county crude in the foregoing
statement would sell for $34.37, which
would pay for refining the whole 100 bar
rels. And the demand for asphaltum is
insatiable. See the fight now going on in
Venezuela over asphaltum beds.
With the coming of the automobile every
county in the United States will have at
least one asphalt paved road, and the cities
and towns will demand them and have
them just as they now have an electric
BILL TO BE CHANGED
Friends of Primary Election Reform
to Submit a New Measure.
LULL IN PROCEEDINGS IN WIS.
Railway Taxation the Absorbing
Topic of tbe Past Week-
Special to The Journal.
Madison, Wis., March 9.—The primary
election bill was relegated to the back
ground this week, so far as any action by
the legislative committees on privileges
and elections was concerned, though it
was the principal topic of discussion in
the corridors of the capitol. Report cred
its the friends of the bill with a detrmi
nation to block all other important legis
lation until the bill, is passed, and the
manner in which several important bills
have been laid over gives color to the re
port. The assembly committee will meet
Monday evening, and it is expected that
Mr. Stevens will then have a new bill
with several changes from the original
draft. What these changes will be is
guesswork to those not on the inside, but
it is not believed they will be so marked
as to meet the demand of some of the op
ponents that the convention be retained,
and that the primary shall apply only to
county and city elections and the choosing
of delegates. The senate committee,
which sat in joint session with the as
sembly committee during the public hear
ings, will meet on Wednesday afternoon
to receive amendments and suggestions.
It will probably await the action of the
assembly committee, however, before mak
ing a report. Senator Riordan is credited
with having a primary election bill up
his sleeve which may prove to be the one
the stalwarts are willing to have passed.
Railway taxation was an absorbing sub
ject this week. Every day since and in
cluding Tuesday the senate and assembly
committees on assessment and collection
of taxes were in joint sessions hearing ar
guments on the bills prepared by the state
tax commission, ope of which provides
an ad valorem tax system, the other an
increase in the present license fees.
Either one, it is said, means an increase
of about $600,000 in the taxes on railroads
All the leading roads have been represent
ed by able attorneys, who protested
strongly against the ad valorem or prop
erty valuation Bystem, especially when
based on stock and bond values as shown
by market prices, and all of whom insist
ed that the railroads are already paying
their full share of taxes. Governor La
Follette's message, in which he said the
railroads are paying a fairer proportion
ate tax <than is personal property, was
freely quoted by the railway attorneys.
Judge Gilson and George Curtis of the
tax commission met their arguments by
showing that railroad property is as tan
gible as real estate or the property of
manufacturing concerns, and its propor
tion of taxes should be compared with
these, and not with personal property,
which is largely hidden.
Next to the taxation bills the measure
which attracted most attention this week
was the Hall bill providing for a railway
commission, with authority to fix rates.
Several manufacturers from different parts
of the state have been here to afgue be
fore the assembly committee on railroadß
against the bill, and protests against it
come in from the same source every day.
Their special protest ig against the abro
gation of the commodity rate. Mr. Hall
offers to have this provision stricken out,
but the railway attorneys insist that this
would make no difference, as they would
not be able to give a commodity rate if
other rates are as fixed by the bill.
The settlement of assembly districts by
the committee on apportionment is not
final, if the threats of some of the dissat
isfied members are carried out. Mr.
Spratt, whose county, Sheboygan, Is ra-
light plant or esteem themselves as a
backwoods town. *
There is always a question in the mm
of the person thinking of investing in th
oil business as to the permanency of th
demand. A few moments' thought bring
out the foregoing facts, which only touc
upon two of the demands for the produc
of California crude oil. I could fill tht
whole page in only touching upon the
many uses to which this oil is already put
COULD NOT SUPPLY
Liquid Fuel for the Engines
of the Southern Pacific road
in this state alone should
they all be changed to Oil
■ Burners this year.
Not long since a representative of the
Pacific Oil Reporter visited the great
shops of the Southern Pacific railway sys
tem at West Oakland, Cal.. and from
Master Mechanic William McKenzie and
v-"^ '* ■' f.M "ran 'li ' P]
I 'I IbhM I ralL^l
/5Z5 /S6f Jsbs /563
;\ Rockwood > St.
#\ \~ \ IS \ \&\ IS ' IS
PART °«? P^RQP&RTY^f GRBEM MOUNTAIN L OIII~C?
AA V A i I I
Map showing location of Green Mountain Oil Co.'s property in Los Angeles
City. -.; The wells on the Rockwood St. fronts of No 1509 and 1565, are producing.
Driller is at work on well on Colton St., front of No. 1565. When this is fin
ished price of stock will be advanced 'and the otSer two wells on Colton St.
front completed, making five producers before July Ist. v ;
duced from three to >two assemblymen,
says that not only will he carry his fight
to the floor of the assembly, but if de
feated there he will take.it to the courts.
Assemblyman Rossman's revised racing
bill, which permits the selling of pools to
ten days at one meet, and then only on
harness races, has a chance of passage,
though the majority of the committee on
agriculture, which has it in charge, is
likely to report against it.
The Woodward marriage bill, which re
quires the approval of physicians before
loving couples can wed, has dropped out
of sight, and from the present outlook is
likely to die in committee.
The osteopathy bill is still in the hands
of the senate committee on public health
and sanitation, but it is said it will come
out next week with an unfavorable report.
A report is expected from the senate
judiciary committee next week on the
anti-cigarette bill, for the passage of
which Rev. Mr. Colestock prayed in the
OLMSTED COUNTY MEDICS
Well Attended Meeting and Banquet
Held at Rochester.
Special to The Journal.
Rochester, Minn., March 9. —The Medical
association of Olmsted county convened
in this city yesterday with a large repre
sentation. Papers were presented by Doc
tors F. W. Burns of Stewartville; F. J.
Halloran of Chatfleld, and W. J. Mayo of
Rochester. The session was held in the
parlors of the Cook hotel, and at the close
| a banquet was served.
The hospitals of insane in the state have
made their annual report of population,
as follows: St. Peter, 993, Rochester 1,101,
Fergus Falls 1,330, Anoka 120, Hastings
123, a total of 3,607. This is an increase
of 97 over last year.
Eyota has a case of smallpox, the vil
lage barber, Charles Willis. Only the one
case is known of and physicians are striv
ing to keep the disease from spreading.
In the matter of an appeal from the de
cision of the probate court concerning the
Schacht estate to the district court, Judge
Snow sustains Judge Leonard. The ap
peal was taken by the appellants on ques
tions of law concerning the distribution of
property. The dispute is over one of the
best 80-acre farms in Olmsted county.
DAMAGES FOR A BATH
Chicago Prisoner Says .It. Shattered
■ . ;,', S His 1 Nervous .■ System. '^iv^i
Few York Sun Special Servie* ...—,.*. '1 ■'." ',
Chicago, March j 9. —Fritz Korwein wants
$20,000 because he took a bath in Jail. His
suit against Sheriff Magerstadt is on trial
in; Judge Burke' 3 court. In the first count
of his bill Korwein says: :':-':'.;,-
The prisoner was confined in a cold and
chilly hall, through which they negligently
permitted the cold wind or draft to blow, and
while he was so confined he was compelled to
undress and stand for a long time in that
condition upon a cold cement pavement, and
then by the same authority compelled to
bathe in cold water.
Cramps ensued, he fell down in a violent
convulsion, suffered rheumatism, caught a
severe cold, inflammation of the left eye
set m, the right ear was injured and his nerv
ous system was shattered.
MILL COMPANY ORGANIZED
Mills Will Continue to Be Run Un
der Separate Management.
New York, March 9.—The Journal of
The organization of the Standard Mill
ing company has been practically com
The capitalization of the new company
is to be as follows: Preferred stock, 5 per
cent noncumulative, $6,900,000; common
stock, $4,600,000; total stock, $11,500,000;
5 per cent bonds, $5,750,000.
The various mills will continue to be
run under the separate managements that
have operated them since the old com
pany became embarrassed and not by the
Standard company Itself, although their
earnings will go to the new company.
his assistant, "V\f. H, Russell, much'val
uable information was gained," which, for
■want of space, cannot be quoted in full
here, but the main facts are as follows:
As to consumption of oil by a locomo
tive. During December, one engine run
ning the companies' crack train between
Oakland and Los Angeles, on the divi
sion from Oakland to Mendota and re
turn, a total service each trip, of 348
miles, averaged to use 7 1-3 gallons per
mile. This, of course, is under best con
ditions as to grades and finest machinery.
On the average engine, freight and pas
senger, over heavy and light grades, it
may be assumed that at least ten gal
lons per mile would be used. There are.
137 locomotives in use on this division.
Their dally services in December last
varied greatly, but averaged 3,16 a miles
of actual service, and on the basis above
stated, their consumption of oil would
have been 31,690 gallons of oil, or 754.9
Barrels for each engine per month.
The company averages in actual daily
service 500 locomotives. Taking the ex
perience of this western division in the
engines which they have actually using oil
fuel as a basis, these 500 in the state, if
all converted to oil burners, would con
sume 4,527,000 barrels of oil. But this
company is a large user of petroleum fuel
in other ways than its locomotives. At
West Oakland shops alone they use 5,000
barrels per month under their stationary
boilers. Also in all their water pump
ing plants and repair shops in other parts
of this great system and it can easily be
seen that if this one railway system could
change all their power in this state alone
to fuel burning, the whole product of .oil
•In California would not supply their
wants. It has been stated by those in
authority in this company that they pro-
SEARLES' DULUTH SCHEME
PRECIPITATED HIS ASSIGNMENT
He Gave \otf» in Settlement of a
Contract With John M.
Mew York Sun Special Sarvla:
Duluth, Minn., March 9.—lt was a deal
in Duluth that brought about the assign
ment of John B. Searles, who is about
the most numerously connected corpora
tion man in New York. The deal was pe
Two ye rs ago Searles found at Duluth
and Superior several idle steel making
and steel rolling plants. One had a ca
pacity for fifty gross tons per day of open
hearth steel and the same in rolling mills
for I beams and channel bars, and a slab
bing mill. Another was a large car and
foundry plant, with two three-high trains
of rolls, one a 16-inch bar mill, and the
other a 10-lnch guide mill. The third was
a bessemer converter plant of capacity
for 400 tons per day with plane and bar
mills, but without blooming mill required-
All these Mr. Searles agrede to buy. He
organized the Lake Superior Steel com
pany on Nov. 15, 1899. He proposed to
issue $2,000,000 in bonds and $1,000,000 In
7 per cent noncumulative preferred stock.
This would pay for the plants, provide
$400,000 for improvements and $500,000 for
working capital. The bonds were never
sold, however, and the money paid for
the concerns, which was not great, and
that paid for improvements, which was
considerable, was from Mr. Searles.
But the ohief outlay and that which
brought about the difficulty was an asso
ciated blast furnace deal. John M.
Thomas had a furnace close to the Searles
plants and the latter agreed to take the
entire product of the furnace at "Pitts
burg prices" for a term of months. Mr.
Thomas began making iron under this
contract when the Pittsburg price was
$23.50, the very top of the boom of a
year ago. Searles was not ready to take
the iron from his Duluth plants and took
it very slowly for other disposition.
Finally, when there had accumulated
about 15,000 tons, and the Pittsburg price
had declined by drops of a dollar or more
a jump, a settlement was made under
which Mr. Thomas kept the iron and re
ceived $100,000 in cash and notes from
Searles in consideration of a cancellation
of the contract. It is these notes long
overdue that precipitated the crisis.
The Lake Superior Steel company under
the Searles plan, as recommended by some
of the foremost engineers in the country,
was to be an important factor in steel
making. The plans contemplated a daily
capacity for 600 tons of finished material,
including ship plate and beams as well
as merchant iron., It was also expected to
buy the Thomas furnace and an option
was taken, as well as to buy iron ore
mines in order to make the concern inde
pendent from raw material to the finished
product. The underwriting statement
figured out a proftt of $1,900,000 a year
figured on the then price for the material
HE'S FROM .WISCONSIN',
Edward F. Dwigjht,, the Assignee of
. John K. Searle». >
Special >to ; The! Journal. .;--: V"
. Madison, Wis., March 9.^—Edward P.
Dwight, the assignee of John E. Searles of
New York,' is ~'a'*:': Wisconsin man. His
father jis a; farmer \at Oregon, near here.
Mr. Dwight i graduated \at > the University .
of Wisconsin in the class of .'B7. He took
his law course at the Columbia law school
in New York, of -' which his < uncle was at
the s head, | and l" since * then. he has ' been
practicing in New York city. !
Experiments show that all classes of
foods may be completely digested by a
preparation called Kodol Dyspepsia Cure,
which absolutely digests what you eat.
BATI/KDAY EYE^NTBG, MAKCH 9, 1901.
pose to change from noel to oil fuel on
their whole system not only in California
but as far east as an oil supply can.be
secured. The above illustration serves to
show what, one consumer of oil could do
to the oil product of California. What,
then, would other consumers do? The
Santa Fe, which is- now buying 750,000
barrels per year besides the products of
its own wells, the street ear systems-
Los Angeles system alone used over 200,000
barrels last year—gas companies, electric
light companies, mining and smelting
companies, sugar refiners, the great iron
works and the thousand and one* smaller
manufacturers are now using oil
for fuel. The great trans-Pacific steam
ship companies which are even now look
ing at the great economy to them in
storage room for freight instead of coal
bunkers, saving in wages, not to mention
lives of stokers, and at least one-half the
cost in producing a given amount of
steam power with oil instead of coal.
The recent change in ownership of the
Pacific Mail Steamship line will work
mighty changes in the cost of operating
that line. Already men are sent to Japan,
southern China and the Philippinesto in
vestigate the oil supply and the feasi
bility of establishing storage systems
adequate to. the demand of ocean steam
ships for liquid fuel at that end of the
route in the immediate future. It has
be"en computed tnat a vessel carrying
8,600 tons of dead weight can be pro
pelled at a speed of 10 knots an hour by
the use of 22 tons of oil a day. This is
equal to the same power produced by the
use of 45 tons of coal. The days of liquid
fuel-are dawning, and the wheels of com
merce, which keep the world moving
will yet be turned by oil. The commerce
of the world in the next decade will be
Green Mountain Oil Co
100 One-Dollar Shares, $25.00; 1,009 Shares, $250.00
An investment as safe as a bank. Quarterly dividends will be paid
aggregating 20 or 25 per cent annually on the investment.
Only a limited amount of stock no\T for sale to complete this
group of five wells.
Every Minnesota stockholder abundantly satisfied.
Call at the office and see the crude oil; also samples of the refined
products and place your orders for stock. Or write to
GREEN MOUNTAIN OIL CO.
GEO. R. WHITCOMB, President,
511 Phoenix Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
FOR ORIENTAL TRADE '
Great Northern Building the Largest
Dock in the World.
West Superior, Wis., March 9.—The
Great Northern's improvements for this
locality contemplate the largest mer
chandise dock in the world, plans for which
have already been drawn. This dock will
be utilized in connection with the oriental
trade which President James J. Hill is
building up, and is in line with the com
prehensive improvements under way at
Seattle and Everett on the Pacific coast.
A passenger depot and passenger dock
are also among the improvements con
templated for the bay front here. These
will probably be located near the gas plant.
It is said that Great Northern officials
have acquired a great deal of land in this
Movement to Have G. X, Extend to
Elk River Coal Beau.
Kalispell, Mont., March 9.—At a largely
attended meeting of the board of trade a
movement was commenced to secure the
Kalispell Southern branch line of the
[Great Northern to Elk River coal flelds.
A committee from the city council and
board of trade has been appointed to meet
the Great Northern engineer and discuss
the most feasible route. The city will of
fer to pay for survey and secure right of
way. The road to be built will haul daily
6,000 tons of coal. The Great Northern
has contracted to take that amount of
Zoarltea Coming West.
A community of Zoarites numbering about
150 families may be induced to leave their
bomes near Canton, Onla, and locate in the
northwest. Immigration agents of western
lines are after them with ail the large induce
ments whrehthe northwest has to offer, and
the Zoarites are said to be on the point of
removing to this climate. This particular
community of Zoarites is worth about $2 000 -
000 in lands and goods.
Eric Olson on File.
Eric Olson, the Sherburn county "rate ex
pert," has submitted a new plan for the guid
ance of the state railway and warehouse
commissioners. Mr. Olson's findings have
been placed on file, as follows:
First—To provide for joint traffice between
all railroads in Minnesota so as to have ex
clusive state control over shipments to and
washburn's Lignite smokeless.
iNO SMOKE I NO DUST I NO CLINKERS !
More Economical Than Any Other Coal
, CHEAPER THAN WOOD
Burns Well In Furnace, Heating Stove or
Kitchen Range. Ask Us About It.
Washburn Coal Co.
Telephone N. W. 831 /lain. 127 THIRD ST. SOUTH
on the Pacific ocean, and the fuel to fur
nish the power to drive the ships will b«
petroleum. California, besides furnishing
the fuel for her own railways, factories
and all kinds ol'steam power, must fur
nish liquid fuel for this end of the great
The question is asked almost daily
"How lon&, will this demand last?" Just
as long as steam is used for power and it
will increase as our influence as a nation
increases in the orient, as our tools and
modern utilities become more familiar to
the millions- and millions of little yellow
and brown men In Asia and the islands of
the sea, and as long as live Americans oc
cupy the lands, fores% and mines of*these
countries and require American things
to live on and with.
Probably the greatest future for crude
oil burning in California is in metallurgi
cal work, for there seem to be but few
processes where it cannot Be applied. The
Selby smelting works furnish a fine exam
ple of what can be done in this line with
fuel oil. Here three Roop furnaces and
one Pierce furnace are fired with oil and
give great satisfaction. The units of
heat to be used can be adjusted to such a
nicety that a great saving is effected.
It needs no attention, and as there are
no furnace doors to open and shut, as
with other fuel, the constancy of the air
supply is never disturbed. Oil is also
used in melting down the precipitated sil
ver in a reverberatory furnace, in the re
torts and in a large reverbatory slag fur
nace, and in every case is found much
cheaper than coal as a fuel, besides ef
fecting a considerable saving in the met
als treated on account of the perfect and
even heat obtained. The oil used was
Ventura county oil, obtained from the
Union Oil company. A A A
OF LOS ANGELES, CAL.
from Duluth And Two Harbors for every rail
road station in Minnesota.
Second-To stop the unjust tariffs levied by
railroads, in Minnesota to pay dividends en
Third—To compel transfer at all crossings
to reach all stations in Minnesota from all
stations in Minnesota.
Fourth—To equalize all freight rates on a
basis of charges for services rendered, rea
sonable for both carrier and shipper.
Fifth—To compel railroads to live ud to
The commission placed the proposals 'on
Morgan Absorbes Another.
New York, March 9.—The Times says:
The Central of Georgia Railway company
has acquired the Chattanooga, Rome k
Southern Railway company. The purchase
was accomplished through J. Pierpont Mor
gau & Co., and the price paid was $2,500,000.
1 Sale of D. R. W. Jfc S. Pending.
Red Wing, Minn., March 9.—Negotiations
are pending for the sale of the securities of
the Duluth, Red Wing & Southern railroad to
New York and Boston capitalists. A me«ting
of the directors of the road was held here this
afternoon and it is understood that they favor
the transfer. This, it is'believed, means that
the new company will bridge the Mississippi
river and extend the line to Duluth, a dis
tance of 162 miles.
The monthly meeting of the Northwest
Railway club will be held at the Ryan Hotel
Wednesday evening, March 13. The principal
paper of the evening will be read by Sper.cer
Otia on "The Future Simple Locomotive."
A call has been isued for the next meeting
of the Western Passenger association to con
vene at St. Louis March 12.
The engineers throughout Indiana have
combined again3t the use of the white light
in railroading. The white light is used at
night to indicate a clear track.
The Northern Pacific and Omaha roads
are short of box cars as a result of the
activity of thi pulpwocd industry to points
in Wisconsin. Twelve tfiousand cords have
been moved thus far this winter.
MORGAN GIVES UP
Alabama Senator Retired From Hl*
, Fight v for Isthmian Canal. ,<'
H»tc York Sun Special Seme**.
'Washington, March 9.—Senator Morgan
has abandoned his I struggle for the con
struction of * the i Nicaragua i canal, after
twenty-three- years of ceaseless endeavor. ■■
He • has announced his determination to
resign as chairman of the senate commit
tee on interoceanic canals. '[