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SATURDAY EVENING-, MAKCH 9, 1901.
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AMBITIOUS MACALESTER GIRLS
They Arc So Ambitious for Knowledge They Take AH the Electives
Time Will Permit—Cosy, Cheery Home-Life at "The Elms,"
Presided Over by Mrs. Julia M. Johnson.
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MRS. JOHXSOX, THE D EAN*. IX HER STUDY.
The busiest group of girls in the twin
cities is probably to be found at Macales
ter college. When they are not studying
they are reciting, and each day is so tilled
with recitations and study that there is
time for nothing else. This is not the
fault of the college, but of the students.
They are so mentally grasping that they
want to take advantage of all the elect
ives, in addition to the regular course, that
they can cram into the day, and their only
regret is that time limits the number.
These Macaleeter college girls come
from Minnesota, North and South Dakota,
■Wisconsin and other neighboring states.
They come for a purpose, to secure a col
leg© education, and uothing swerves them
from that end. It- is not .so many years
that Macalester has been a co-educational
institution, and the men still regard the
girls as something a little out of the ordi
nary, and treat them with a deference
that might seriously interfere with study,
if it were not for the fact that the fair
students are so blindly bent on securing
the coveted diplomas and degrees.
There are not half a hundred of these
girls, all told, and only about fifteen of
them can find Quarters in The Elms, the
college home for girls. The Elms was
formerly the president's house, and when
the president removed to a neighboring
residence, it became a home for the girls
who gathered at the college as soon as
its doors were open to them. It is a com
fortable house with large, square rooms
aud a wide hall Uirougli th.c center. The
large bedrooms were never built for a
boarding home, and the girls have cause
for congratulation in being domiciled in
the president's former quarters. There
are few school homes where the bedrooms
are as pleasant as at The Elms. The
walls are covered with pretty paper and
crowded with photographs and the thou
sand and one ornamental objects that a
college girl, even if she has an abnormal
appetite for electives, is sure to gather
around her. There is nothing of the
boarding-house atmosphere at The Elms,
but every corner is suggestive of home.
Last year a club of nine girls secured
permission from the faculty to occupy one
of the college houses and do their own
catering. They had the jolliest time im
aginable and served the daintiest of meals
to admiring guests, whenever their elec
tives left time. Boxes from home helped
out the commissary department and the
nine young women solved the problem of
how to go through college cheaply in a
healthy, happy fashion.
There are several ways in which a girl
may help to pay her expenses at Macai
ester. Nearly all of the families in the
suburbs are glad of assistance in the light
er housework and there is work of the
same kind at The Elms. It is good for a
girl to do a little housework while at col
lege, although she might not choose it as
an elective, but it enables the womanly
ai*f to keep naee with the intellectual, so
that the finished "bachelor" will be an all
The social life is rather a secondary con
sideration and the girls are so busy with
I'utir studies that they have little time or
inclination for midnight feasts or evening
Three Sprinfl Hat Confections.
This is a very full-dress palling hat. Ejjj Tins is one of the ideal hats of the j(l|l
The frame rimmed with blace panne j 1 approaching season. It is a taffeta (]} I The frame of this charming hat de-
is exquisitely draped with tissue eiu- Dm frame, faced with rhiffon; is sold I I signed for Easter -wear is veiled with.
broidereJl in silver spider webs. The jj ready for trimming at an extremely, ill black tulle edged with black lace,
brim is fared with white and where it fl modest price, and the big cluster of | 1 Masses of liberty satin ribbon in paJ«
turns up to the le;'t it shows a wreath jfiflj tta roses and cut steel buckle, giving |16 silvery gr*en tone dresses both, crown
of blush pink roses. M it color, can be arranged at home. nijJ aad side.
This is a very full-dress calling hat.
The frame rimmed with blace panne
is exquisitely draped with tissue em-'
broidered in silver spider -webs.:' The
brim is faced with while and where it
turns up to the left It shows a wreath >
of blush pink roses. . • ■
receptions. They don't miss them, they
are too busy to miss them. Of course the
president sives a.reception every year and
the professors alternate in entertaining
the members of the senior class in an in
formal fashion. The girls belong to the
Hyperion, the chief literary society at the
college, and take part iv the program.
and debate*. Tbere is an active Christian
Endeavor society -which eats into the leis
ure of the me-nbers but there are no fas
cinating secret societies or clubs.
The Elms seems to be engulfed in waves*
and this year the wave is a serious work
a-day one. Last year it was more frivo
lous, and one evening a week the girls set
aside for jollifications. Mrs. Johnson, the
dean of the woman's department, would
read for a time, and then the girls took
turns in giving farces, tableaux and pro
grams in the hall. An admission fee of a
penny was charged, although a. larger sum
was never refused. Some of the little dia
logues were extremely funny, and all of
them "were as bright and clever as bright
and clever college girls could make them.
There were never any set speeches ar
ranged, but the whole conversation would
be impromptu and nobody knew, the par
ticipants least of all, what the climax
The Macalester girls are very much in
terested in athletics, and they encourage
the college team in every possible way.
They do their gymnasium work under the
direction of Miss Grace B. Whittredge, and
are as interested in the cultivation of their
muscles as in the development of their
brains. Last year the girls had a basket
ball team, and several exciting games were
The girls are granted all the privileges
that they could ask for and no cast-iron
rules and regulations form a fence around
The Elms. They are supposed to receive
their men friends only oue evening a
week, but if Mr. Jones drops in to make
an engagement and stays fifteen or twen
ty minutes, no objection is made, pro
vided Mr. Jones does not repeat too fre
quently. Both men and girls attend the
Y. M. C. A. course of lectures in St. Paul,
and they are encouraged to go to what
ever is good and inspiring in the way of
lectures and plays.
Mrs. Julia M. Johnson, the dean, has a
motherly oversight at The Elms, and sur
rounds the girls with an atmosphere of
home. Mrs. Johnson is just as busy as
the students, for, in addition to her duties
at The Elms,, she teaches in the English
department at the college. She is a mem
ber of the New Century Club in St. Paul,
and finds time to conduct the Bible class
in the House of Hope church. The Bible
class is composed of the elders and iheir
wives, the prominent men and women of
the t church, and it requires extensive
preparation and consultation of any num
ber of commentaries to prepare the week
ly lesson. This year Mrs. Johnson will
act as president of the Woman's Foreign
Missionary society in the House of Hope
church alsd. She is frequently heard at
the synodical meetings and by the mis
sionary societies of the Presbyterian
churches through the state, and her sub
ject is nearly always identified with the
Tins is one of the ideal hats .of.the
approaching- season. ; It is a- taffeta ■
frame, faced . with ' chiffon; is sold ,
ready for trimming at an extremely*
modest price, and the big cluster of
tea roses and cut steel buckle, giving
It pfllnr'-can he arranEwi'at home > ■
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKJNAL.
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GROUP OF MACALESTER GIRLS IN THE RECEPTION-ROOM.
college, whose growth lies very near her
Mrs. Johnson is an eastern woman, a
graduate of .Mt. Holyoke college. She has
taken postgraduate work at the universi
ties of Pennsylvania and Cincinnati and is
splendidly equipped for her position. She
taught for awhile at Coates college in
Terra Haute, Ind., and has been at Mac
alester for four years.
It is less than half a dozen years since
girls were admitted to Macalester college,
but in those half dozen years they have
proved that they are as worthy and able
as the men to carry the college degree.
The Elms has won its way to an assured
standing on the campus.
AX INDUSTRIAL PROBLEM.
In a lecture recently given on "Plato's Re
public," the speaker related a pathetic in
cident, to illustrate present industrial con
ditions. "In talking with a woman at work
in a box factory 1 asked her," said the lec
turer, "if she did not find some congenial
companionship among the one hundred wom
en at work, to compensate for the mono
tonous toil. She answered that there was no
time. "When I first came to work I used
to talk a little, but I found that the others
did not like it, because it hindered their
work, and I found I couldn't do so many
boxes, either. So I stopped talking. Then I
found that if I thought of anything but the
boxes I couldn't paste so fast, and so I
stopped thinking. There's nothing allowed
here but boxes!' When a man or women
is compelled to stop talking and thinking,
in order to keep a starvation existence, it is
a serious thing for the nation," concluded
the lecturer.' "The children of that man
or woman are not likely to do good work
for the state."
Chieaso Great Western Ry. Xo. G.
The favorite train, will, on and after
March 3rd, arrive at Chicago at 1:40 p.
m., one hour earlier than before, in time
for matinees or the best eastern connect
ing trains. Inquire of City Ticket agent,
corner Nicollet avenue and Fifth street,
For any case of nervousness, sleepless
ness, weak stomach, indigestion, dyspep
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lief is sure. The only nerve medicine for
the price in market.
The frame of this charming hat de
signed for Easter wear is veiled with
black tulle edged with black lace.
Masses of liberty satin ribbon in pal«
silvery green tone dresses both crown
THE GIRLS OF MACALESTER AND WHERE THEY LIVE
PHOTOS BY A. ». WILLIAMS.
THE ELMS—GIRLS' DORMITORY.
PROMINENT MINNESOTA WOMEN
The Fortnightly Club of Hamline Gathers Together Interesting Data
in Regard to Pioneer and Present Day Leaders Among
Mrs. E. W. Kaley recently read a pa
per on "Some Prominent Women of Our
State" before the Fortnightly club of
Hamline. which will be of interest to more
than the club women. Speaking of the
pioneer women, Mrs. Kaley paid a glow
ing tribute to Mrs. Charlotte Van Cleve,
who has been so actively associated with
the history of Minneapolis, and gave a
biographical sketch similar to one that
has already appeared in the columns of
The Journal. Of the other leaders
she said in substance.
The name of Mrs. Swisshelm is so inti
mately connected with political history of
Minnesota from 1857 to 1863 that she seems to
belong to Minnesota, although born and edu
cated in Pennsylvania. Her maiden name
was Jane Grey and her father's family was
descended from England's nine days' queen,
Lady Jane Grey. On her maternal side were
men and women who signed the "Solemn
League and Covenant" and defended it at the
expense of lands and life.
At the age of 3 years she read the new
testament and wheu 4 years old began to
attend school. She commenced teaching when
she was 15 and remained in Williamsburg
for six years. She was married to James
Swisshelm in 1836, when she was 21 years old.
The marriage was not a happy one and after
a number of separations and reconciliations,
Mrs. Swisshc-lm left her husband. She was
known all over the country as a writer and
her first published work appeared in IS4O,
in the Louisville Journal. For a while she
wrote stories under the pen name of Jenny
Deans. Her fearless work for an abolition
paper attracted attention and in 1848 she be
gan the publication of the Saturday Visitor.
It was distinctively an abolition paper an,d in
the five years of its existence was read all
over the United States.
She went to Washington in 1850 and was
associated with Dr. Bailey on the antislavery
papers. They sent $100 to Harriet Beecher
Stowe as a retaining fee in the cause of the
slave and "Uncle Tom'a Cabin" was the
Mrs, Svvisslielm Becomes Famous.
Mrs. Swisshelm soon grew famous in Wash
ington, so much bo that hotel life became
unpleasant, and she became the guest of Mrs.
E. D. E. N. Southworth, the novelist. She
wrote regularly for the New York Tribune
and Horace Qreeley was one of her intimate
friends. Sfae was editor of two- newspapers
and contributed to many. Her power 3of
argument were only equaled by her eccentri
cities and she appeared frequently on the
She came to Minnesota with her child in
1857 and located in St. Cloud, where her only
sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Mitchell, lived. In con
nection with George Brott she published a
newspaper, the St. Cloud Visitor, as an ad
vertising medium to introduce Minnesota as
a dietrict and St. Cloud as a town site to
General Lowrie, the wealthiest and most
prominent man in the country, was a slave
holder and Mrs. Swisshelm roused his ani
The office of th« paps* was mobbed, the*
press broken and the type thrown into the
river. A note was left on the editor's table,
saying that if she ever attempted to publish
another paper in St. Cloud she would be
treated as the office had been.
The better class of citizens called a meat-
Ing to express public sentiment and secure, it
possible, freedom for the press. Mrs. Swiss*
helm, attended by a guard, went to the meet*
Ing, while the mob tried to force an entrance.
A little j later, she ■ published : the St. Cloud
Democrat as the organ of the republican
party In northern Minnesota. Her object was
to break the power of General Lowrle and
of the democrats in the state. Xt •was largely
due- to her -efforts that -wftol* ntpubttcap
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state tickpt, with Alexander Ramsey at the
head, was elected.
Urged Punishment of Sioux.
After the Sioux outbreak Mrs. Swi&sheim
was sent to Washington by the state offi
cials to induce the administration to hang
the Sioux murderers or hold then as hostages
until the close of the war. She spoke in
cne of the Washington churches and was re
ceived so enthusiastically that she hoped her
mission would be successful. The secretary
of the interior assured her, however, that
Lincoln would hang no one; iudeed, there
was such a wave of pity for the poor, in
jured Indians, such admiration for their ihe
rolc resistance, that, as she said, "I might
as well have tried to row against the cur
rent of Niagara."
She visited the hospitals in Washington
and became so interested in their work that
she decided to become a nurse. She received
her appointment and took a twenty days'
ieave of absence to go to St. Cloud and sell
the Democrat. She was a nurse until the
close of the war and did a wonderful work
on the battlefields and in the army hospitals.
She died in 1881 at her old home in Penn
Betts, an Indian Pioneer.
Betts, an 01-d Indian woman, occupied a
prominent place in the pioneer days. She
was born near Mendota in 1789 and was a
full-blooded Sioux. Her husband was Iron
Sword, and a son named Taopi was a Chris
tian Indian, -who died in Faribault in 1869.
Bishop Whipple published a biography of
Taopi, with an engravod portrait, and a town
in the southern part of the state has been
named for him.
Betts and her son were strongly opposed to
the Sioux massacre, and they rendered valu-
'^Shtt*^^ ttfoas m Gtlaisfs
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A pretty tacked shirt of wbHo nain-
Book with Call sleeve and. lace-edged
IHfl MUSIC ROOM.
A TYPICAL GIRL'S ROOM;
able services after the battle of Wood Lake.
Taopl was the bearer of dispatches to Gen
neral Sibley and aided In the negotiations for
the surrender of prisoners. Betts did every
thing in her power to relieve the sufferings
of prisoners. She was regarded as a remark
able and singular character, and few of her
race achieved greater notoriety. Her photo
graphs were purchased by tourists and may
be found in all parts of the world. She be
came a Christian before her death, in 1873.
Old Betts was a famous representative of a
race fast passing away.
An early pioneer was Mra. Kessler, the
first market woman. She came to St. Paul
from Little Canada, a distance of twelve
miles, with an ox cart and sold her vege
Mrs. Parker, wife of the proprietor of the
American house, was a popular woman in
those early days. She came Irom New Hamp
shire and her name should not be omitted
from a list of pioneer women.
Among the early educators, the name of
Harriet E. Bishop is a familiar one. She
came from Vermont in 1847 and taught the
first mission Sunday school in St. Paul. She
opened a day school and became the first
permanent school teacher also. Mtss Bishop
wrote several books, some poetry and a his
tory of the Sioux outbreak.
Present Day Leaders.
Professor Maria L. Sanford should be given
a prominent place among the educators of
Minnesota. She was born in Saybrook, Conn.,
in 1836. She is proud of the fact that her
ancestors, on both sides, went up to the gen
eral court of Connecticut together. She at
tended the common school until she was 14,
and then went to the academy for two terms.
She was graduated from the state normal
school in 1865. She had taught one year be
fore obtaining her diploma, receiving the sum
of $10 a month for her servioes and boarded
around among the families of her pupils.
For fifteen years she taught in the schools
of Connecticut and in addition to her school
duties did all of the housework. She sup
ported her mother, brother and herself on $30
a month, for her father died when she was
21 years old. It was during those years of
hard work that she did the historical reading
and study which secured her a college pro
fessorship. She became professor of history
in a Friends' college at Swarthmore, Pa., and
ten years later came to Minnesota to assist
Professor Marston, at that time head of the
English department. Later she was made pro-
A bewitching 1 little satin foulard bod
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red dots. Valencteniies lace supplies
an elaborate decoration for collar,
cuffs and revers.
fessor of rhetoric and elocution. Professof
Sanford is interested in all social and polit
ical movements and reforms, especially in th*
preservation of our forests.
A Quarter Century at Carlettrn.
Miss Margaret J. Evans is identified with
the history of Oarleton college. She was bora
in Utica, N, V., and hex preparation for col
lege was made in Winona. She taught for a
few years before she entered Lawrence college
at Appleton, Wls., and was graduated in 1868.
The summer vacation was occupied in teach
ing and the following winter was spent in
Fox Lake seminary. The next year she waa
recalled to her alma mater and in 1872 she
took her master's degree. She was called to
Carleton college in 1874. Her position vai
no sinecure. In addition to the duties of prin
cipal and preceptress she taught algebra, bot
any, logic, English, French and German.
Miss Evans has studied in Berlin, Paris,
Italy, Heidelberg and Oxford. She has been
president of the Minnesota branch of the W.
B. M. I. for fifteen years and was president
of the state federation of women's cluba for
four years. She has many times been la
vlted to other fields of work, but prefers to
remain at Carleton, which, has been, her home
for twenty-seven years.
Miss Isabel Lawrence has been, connected
with the St. Cloud normal school for nearly
a quarter of a century. She is a writer ox
seme prominence in the child study movement
and i 3 active in educational and club work.
Among other women Mrs. Kaley spoke of
Mrs. Eugenia Wheeler Goff, Mrs. T. B.
Walker, Mrs. John S. Plllabury,. Mrs. Cbaun
cey Hobart, Miss Gratia Countryman, Mm
Bessie Laythe Scovell, Mra. Stella B. Irvine
and Mrs. Judith Wormwood, all prominent
in educational, philanthropio or temperaoo*
Leave t'hleagro Tuesday, Arrive AM
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Union Station 12 noon Tuesdays, . and,, at
the same hour. Fridays, for Jacksonville
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service: for ' a Southern i trip. i For 3 details
apply to H. R. Dering, A. O. P. Agt,, 24$
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Backache is almost Immediately relieved
by wearing one of Carter's Smart Weed
and Belladona Backache Plasters. Try
one and be free from pain. Price 25 cents.
Sheer lawn shirts will be worn more
thau ever next summer, aud one of the
very prettiest yet simplest models is