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KRUGER SAYS NAY
Independence for the Boers the Only
Terms of Peace.
BUT SURRENDER IS EXPECTED
Mm. Hot hu the Active Aireut—Gen.
IviU'uner'M Term* to
Ho (li a.
Vow York Sim Sooclal Smrvfom.
London, March y.—Thoroughly tired of
the war. Britiahera at home and In South
Africa, official -and unofficial, are opti
mlstlc that the end of xhe hostilities is
near at hand. They believe that almost
any hour will bring tidings of peace,. They
see General Botha negotiating with Lord
Kitchener, a figure broken In spirit ami
fully wnalble of his own helplessness.
They argue ihat a meeting of the two
commaiuk-rs-in-rhief can have but unt
The l>diry Mail's Amsterdam corre*
Bpondent telegraphs that Mr. Kruger dis
credits the possibility of peace, and the
members of the ex-president's entourage
are quoted as saying:
, Unless Lord Kitchener is prepared to dis
cuss Boer Independence find the liberation of
ail prisoners and an amnesty for rebels, no
Dutchman is authorized to end the war.
The same dispatch suggests that even
j should General Botha capitulate, the Brit
ish will have Mr. Steyn and General De
Wet. representing the Free State, to deal
>l us. BOTHA'S WORK
Kitchener's Tt'ims of Surrender to
i ;.'. • I lie liurrt.
. London, March 9.—The Daily Chronicle,
\ referring to the armistice at Pretoria,
We learn that the untiring agent in
bringing- about the negotiations was Mrs.
The meeting of Feb. 27 was limited to
General Botha's request to learn General
Kitchener"* terms. Lord .Kitchener re
plied t'aat a general amnesty would be
granted to all who surrendered, as well
a- to all prisoners except those Cape
Dutch, ' who, being British subjects, had
actively fomented Beer resistance. Gen
eral lie Wet and Mr. Steyn were, how
ever; expressly excluded from the am
Lord Kitchener further promised, that.
if peace were concluded, the government
would assist in rebuilding the farm houses
and other build destroyed under mili
tary exigencies, would reinstate the lawful
owners and would help them stock their
farms. Those guilty of acts of treachery
would bo excluded from these benefits.
General Botha appeared satisfied with
t)t: Wt t and Stcyxi both lemained ir
reconcilable. They declined any terms,
li is believed that the remainder of Gen
eral Botha's officers have now beer, won
around, and thai he is likeiy to make for
mal submission to Lord Kitchener on
March 11, when his force will Bnrrender to
THEY THINK HE'S BRYAN
WAITER TALKS TO STUDENTS
He Looks Like Bryan- So the Scheme
WorkN to Perfection—Hi»
New York. March ['.—A Buffalo special
to the Herald says:
Posing as W. J. Bryan, Fred Fuleher,
a waiter in the Elliott club, addressed
fifty students of the University of Buf
A. committee was appointed to call on
Mr. Bryan at the Elliott club to ask him
to address the students. Mr. Bryan had
just left the club. , A waiter, who was
polishing a door knob and whose resem
blance was striking to Mr. Bryan, was
induced to take Bryan's place. The waiter
It is too early to make predictions, but
mark you trell, that when that time comef
the name of Bryan may bo heard again. That
is all 1 can say at this time.
The students cheered as he retired.
TAKEN AT HER WORD
Mrs. I'nruh Taken to Waterloo to J
Testily Before the G. J.
Special to The Journal.
Waterloo. lowa. March [t.— The grand l
jury is investigating the charges made j
against the Waterloo saloons by Mrs. !
Ada Wallace Unruh. an Indiana temper
ance lecturer who last week held a series j
of meetings here. Mr.-. Unroll visited all I
the saloons in the downtown district and
at a meeting declared that all of .them
were flagrantly violating the mulct law.
To-day County Attorney Reed took notice
of the matter and Mrs. Unruh was
brought back from Vinton, where she is j
lecturing, to present her evidence. It is
said her testimony did not sustain the
charges which she made.
. ■ Mrs. Unruh Is a national lecturer for
the W. C. T. U. She is a disbeliever in
,the-methods of Mrs. Nation, but declared
in one of her addresses that if she used
t:>e hatchet' it would be on the saloon
keeper's head, and not on his bar and
SUSPENDS THE DIET
The Political Situation in Jii|iait Ik
Urovrltifc ( ri(ic:il.
Tokio, March 0. —The Baptist mission
corporation has obtained its official license
here. '! lis is in accord with precedent al
ready established and consequently the
corporation's title to the property used in
religious work is safe. - ,
. The political situation here is growing
critical. Feb.-27 the emperor suspended
the diet for ten days, due to a quarrel in
parliament: over the increase in national
taxation. When the diet meets again in
a day or two and the debate is resumed
more trouble is expected.';
Twenty-nine Slates He|treKented in
the A «no«-iat ion.
New York. .Mar. h !'.—Thee ourt of'ap-
Protective Association of America has
been formed by representatives from
twentf-nine states. Between 3,000 and
4.000 members are expected.
On Properly,Selected/Food-4 It Pays
.If parents will give just a little intelli
gent thought to the feeding of their chil
, dren the difference in the health of the
little folks will pay, many times over, for j
the small trouble. < ;;■ /;,->; - ; .': ,' ; ; >.
- A mother' writes saying. "Our children | <
.-, are all so much better, and stronger than !
they have ever been aince we' made a j
change in "the character of the food. We j '
• have quit using potatoes three. times a !
.' day with coffee and so much meat. Now |
5 we give the little folks some fruit, either
; fresb. stewed, or canned, some Grape-Nuts •
I ■with cream, occasionally some soft boiled !
' eggs,' and some Postum Food Coffee for
breakfast and supper. Then for dinner
!.i'.*. they have some meat and vegetables. It
- would be hard to realize the change in the
-■ children, they have grown so sturdy and '
. strong, and we attribute, this change to the
food elements that, 1 understand, exist in
Grape-Nuts and Postum.■"* r<v •> *■-'" -■ ■ ■
A short time ago my baby was teeth
ing and had a great deal of stomach and
bowel trouble. Nothing seemed to agree
with him until I tried Grape-Nuts softened
and mixed with rich milk and he improved
rapidly and got sturdy and well." Grate
fully, Mrs. ———, Oakes, N. ;D. ; Name
given ; upon ■ aplication to ' Postum '■= Cereal
company, Battle Creek, Mich.
STAND IN THE LIGHT
Five Senators Have Blocked Action
on Reciprocity Treaties.
TRADE WARS MAYBE THE RESULT
This. It la Said, Wai the Real
Canae of Katiiu'x Receut
Umw York Sun Smmolml «wWm
: Washington; March —Urgent appeal
and memorials are addressed to the sena
tors. 4u special session"by. commercial, ex
porting and manufacturing -associations all
over the country, demanding the reafflrm
atlon -oKreclprocity treaties about, to ex
pire. President McKinley, in his inaugu
ral address-, called upon the senate-to res
urrect these commercial agreements. Rep
resentations have been made by the score
predicting calamitous' trade warfare --.If
; the senate ■adjourns without acting upon
the treaties. Protests are especially* ve
hement from manufacturers and export
ers in the middle west.
• Five republican members of the senate
are responsible for the blockade against
! reciprocity legislation. They are Platt of
Connecticut, Platt of New York, Lodge
! of Massachusetts, Proctor of Vermont and
| Aldrich of Rhode Island. They represent
knit goods: manufacturers, cheap jewelry
producers and other interests now waxing
prosperous under the high protective tar
< iff. QKipCPpI
Under.the provisions of .the Dingley.laW
this government invited Russia, Germany,
Prance, Great Britain, South American le
publics and every country with which
trade is conducted, to arrange a tariff, ta
ble based upon the principle of reciprocity.
I Commissioner Kasson negotiated treaties
; with all these governments and placed
] them before the senate. The foreign gov
! ernments entered into these conventions
j in good faith and with the conviction that
the senate would ratify the treaties. But
I this body not only failed to act, but
i adopted a contemptuous position of utter
indifference, which has aroused resent
: ment among the foreign envoys here.
I ' SuKtir Merely a Pretext.
! It is stated that the failure of the re
j ciprocity arrangements with Russia re
! cently really was responsible for the
i adoption of the Russian retaliatory tariff,
j rather than the imposition of the counter
i vailing duty on sugar by Secretary Gage,
j which merely served as a pretext.
! State department officials are consider
| ably agitated by the threats of action by
', France, Germany and Great Britain. The
I French ambassador here makes no secret
'■ of the fact that the French chamber of
I deputies proposes to change from a mmii
i mum to a maximum tariff toward this
I country, while the German - program *of
! prohibition against grains, meats and oth
i er American imports is already well de
Owing to the vigilance of the state de
i partment, an effort, partly successful, has
] been made by which the French treaty is
I given another lease of life for reaffirms
lion at the next session. But the re
maining treaties, including those with
\ Great Britain, Italy, Germany, Barbadoes,
i Bermuda, Trinidad and Guiana and South
American countries, will expire with this
\\ :i »li iusi'tfin \otes.
The equestrian statue of Geueral Logan in
this city wiil be unveiled Tuesday, April 9.
Senator Jones of Arkansas is to retain the
leadership of tne democratic minority in the
At tho next session of congress Repre
sentative Hopkins of Illinois will introduce
a bill providing thai the census department
be made permanent.
After a week's traveling and sight-seeing
j and a jolly good time, the Minneapolis and
j St. Paul clubs left Washington last evening
I for their homes. The members of the Min
neapolis Flambeau club left later-in special
can over the Pennsylvania. T-hey will arrive
| In Minneapolis either late Sunday night or
| early Monday morning.
Ever since the termination of the American
i campaign in China the navy department has
desired that medals or other tokens of recog
nition be bestowed upon two British sailers
for heroic aid extended to a boat load of
1 American and British wounded at Taku on.
[ tbe j.'2d of last June. The two sailors are
j Leading Seaman Kdward Turner of H. M. S.
j Centurion and Able jseaman Herbert George
of H. M. S. Orlando. Our government being
! without authority to bestow marks ot recogni
j tioii on sailors of foreign nivies 't is probable
i that a special act of congress will be solicited
j to iii tbis case.
TARBELL TAKES HIS TIME
Second Census Movement at Winona
Special to The Journal.
Winona. Minn., March" 9. —The delay of
Mayor Tarbell in signing the resolution
providing for taking a special census will
militate strongly against such a move
ment. The mayor has live days in which
he can keep a resolution before returning
it to the council, and this will so shorten
the time in which the census can be taken
that it is doubtful if it could be done in
time to have it, effect the legislation
sought, particularly if the senate date for
early adjournment is concurred in by the
The object of taking the census is to es
tablish the claim of Winoua to rank in the
class of cities between 20,000 and 50,000,
instead of in the class between 10,000 and
20,000. along with Mankato and Stillwater.
There wil probably be votes enough in
the council to pass the resolution over the
veto of the mayor, should he take this
action, but there is a feeling that the five
days' delay will be fatal.
MANKATO GUN CLUB REORGANIZED.
Special to The Journal.
Mankaio, Mitiii., March 9.— The Gun
club hai beeu reorganized with over
thirty members. The new officers are:
J. A. Lulsdorf, president; A. D. Beach,
vice president; A. C. Bennett, secretary
and treasurer, and George B. Owen, cap
tain. Improved traps have been ordered
and shooting will be commenced as soon
as the wtather will permit. One of the
main objects of the club is to protect
S-w and fiph interests in this section.-
Professor George W. Allyn and son of
Madison Lake were arraigned before
Judge Shissler yesterday, charged with
maintaining a fish house, on the ice in
violation of the law. They pleaded not j
guilty and their hearing was pMt over un
INSTITUTE AT ST. CHARLES.
Special to The Journal.
Winona. Minn.. March 9.—Winona
county is to have a farmers' institute. It
will be held in the opera-house at St.
Charles on Friday and Saturday of next
week. The subjects of poultry,, the dairy
and the soil will receive special attention.
—The spring breakup has put an end to
racing matinees on Lake Winona. The i
horsemen may fix up a track on the old
fair grounds and arrange for a series of
racing events during the summer.
KAISERS WOUND HEALING.
London, March 9.—A dispatch to the Central
News from Berlin says Emperor Williams
condition is excellent. The wound is taking
its normal course and healing well. There is
no change this morning in Emperor William's
Special to The Journal.
Spencer, lowa, March 9.—The Chicago &
Milwaukee road has thrown open Its new
station to the public. It is 40 by 90 feet in
dimensions and cost $6,000.
THEY'LL TVIEET IN FRISCO.
New York. March 9.—Terry Mcflovern and
Dave Sullivan have agreed to fight twenty
rounds April 30 before the Twentieth Century
Club, San Francisco. Both parties have agreed
to Tim Hurst as referee o fthe bout.
IOWA TURFMAN DEAD.
New Orleans. March 9.— H. H. Laird,
one of the best-known western turfmen
is dead. His body will be sent to Bed
j ford, lowa, where his mother resides.
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
POLYGAMY IN UTAH
Law to Permit the Mormons to Liva
With All Their Wives.
IT HAS PASSED STATE SENATE
Expectation la That It Will Be Put
Through the Houne Vntler
Mmw York Sun Some/ml Sorvlom
Salt Lake City, Utah, March 'J.—'Polyg
amy may be practiced under a law which
has passed the Utah senate. The oiew
lato grants immunity from prosecution
to all persons living in polygamy, ex/
cept under the United States statute.
The avowed object of this act, which is
passed at the dictates of the Mormon
church, is to allow men now having sev
eral wives to live with them undisturbed.
Preparations are already being made to
resume openly the polygamous relation.
The measure, which is known as tb«
Evans bill, probably will be ptu through
the house Monday under the gag rule,
MiKl\ LEV'S TOLH OV THE WEST
He Will Start In May and Probaltl;
He Will VUlt the Yel
New York, March 9.—A special to the
Press from Washington says:
At the cabinet meeting the president
told his secretaries that the start for Cal
ifornia would be made the first week in
May. He extended an earnest invitation
to the whole cabinet to accompany him.
The purpose is to devote perhaps six
weeks to the trip. The return is to be by
one of the northern routes with possibly
a visit to Yellowstone park.
COINCIDENCE IN BIRTHS
Babies Born at the Same Hour In the
Same House Weigh the Same.
Veu- York Sun Special Servi m
Kalamazoo, .Mich.. March 9.—A daugh
ter was born yesterday to Mr. and Mrs.
Edward Kastead and a son to Mr. and
Mrs. Frederick Kastead. Both babies
weighed exactly twelve pounds and both
were born in the same house at exactly
the same hour. The fathers are twins, as
are also the mothers, and the couples
were married a year ago last November
and have lived together as one family.
SINCE CANTEEN HAS GONE
Fort Sheridan Soldiers Terrorize
Highwood. \ : •
N&te York Sun Special Service
Chicago, March 9. —The people of High
wood are terrorized by Fort Sheridan sol
diers. Women are forced to remain in
doors since the anti-canteen law went into
A crowd of 200 soldiers Thursday night
held possession of the town. They were
all drunk. Prank Hughey of Company F.
Fifth infantry, was beaten, and two citi
zens were assaulted.
GARLIC MAY CAUSE STRIKE
Conductor !>!«<• liu«ti.-.l fop Ejecting
lfeu> York &11-.1 Special Service ' ■ : j.
Scranton, Pa., March —Three .V weeks
ago a. conductor on the Scranton Railway's
Peckyille line ejected a passenger .who was
eating, garlic-scefcted bologna. VTBha-con
ductor was discharged. The street rail
way employes threaten to strike if he is
not: reinstated. '.' % *w*??;
ARRESTED FOR ENTICING.
Special to The Journal.
Oskaloosa, lowa. March 9.—Miss Ella Wease
is under arrest charged with having «nticed
Miss Rose Moody of Lynville away from home
for immoral purposes. A traveling man
named Simmons is also under arrest at Keo
kuk. He is thought to have been con
nected with the plot.
THE TERRIBLE TURK THROWN.
Halil Alii, the "Terrible Turk," met his
Waterloo at St. Louis last night, when
Tom Jenkins, the strapping American
from Cleveland, landed the sultan's sub
ject square on his broad back twice in
sixteen minutes. It was "eatch-as
catch-can." Jenkins weighed in at 195
pounds. Halil tipped the scale at 235.
Recess Appointment for Bennett.
Special to The Journal.
Rapid City, S. D.. March 9.—lt is not
believed that the failure of the senate to
confirm the nomination of George P. Ben
nett of this city to the position of regis
ter of the United States land office will
prevent his taking the place. He will
probably serve as an appointee during
recess. The work of the office has been
accumulating for the last few weeks, and
the public has been inconvenienced by not
having Bennett take charge immediately.
I.ncatt for < ommiiiidniit.
Special to The Journal.
Huron, S. D., March 9.—Dr. T. M Shan
afelt. member of the soldiers' home
board, will meet with the board at Hot
Springs in a few days. The most im
portant matter is the eelection of a com
mandant. It is understood that Captain
Lucas of Chamberlain is slated for the
position, but his election is not certain —
William Ruggles, a prosperous farmer
in the eastern part of the county is a
brother of the late General James Rag
gies, whose death occurred in Havana
111. General Ruggles served in the sen
ate when Abraham Lincoln was a mem
ber of the house.
IH»fli>aretl in a Row.
Special to The Journal.
Black River Falls. Wi«., March 9 —
Liquor caused a bad row amongst the In
dians near here in which the whole *ide
of a squaw's face was cut off by a blow
from a saw. Black Spout is also ba.lly
Sues the Oniaha.
Special to The Journal.
I Le Mars, lowa, March 9.— August
| Hoppe, a young laborer of this city has
| conmy?need actjeu against the Omaha
[ road. He wants $1,975 damages for In
juries he claims to have received through
the company's negligence. He was thrown
down an eighteen-foot embankment
while helping load horses into a car
IT COULD NOT BE.
i Baltimore American.
"Papa," whts-pered Gladys Richasmudd
while the roseate blushes chased them
selves across her face and beat them
selves to pieces against her shell-like
ears, "papa, the Count de Hasbeen asks
me to marry him."
"Daughter. I hate to refuse." replied
old Richasmudd, 'but I do not see how our
princely fortune can stand thesirain of
bric-a-brac bills and lawyers' fees. Could
not you compromise on an automobile and
a ticket to see Sara Bernhardt?"
"OX THE MEND."
"Just had my shoes half-soled," said
the bookkeeper boarder.
"Glad to hear you are going about on
the mend," said the Cheerful Idiot.
'Now, I could tell by the look in his
eyes," said the Cheerful Idiot, "that aero
naut was afraid to cut loose from his bal
"How could you tell anything about the
look in the eyes of a man a mile uo in
the air?" asked the shoe clerk boarder.
"He had a faraway look," observed the
To Cure the Grip In Two Dayi.
Laxative Bromo-Quiniae removes the cause.
PUTS UP THE BARS
Premier Laurier Proposes Stringent
Alien Labor Law.
IT WILL BE RIGIDLY ENFORCED
New Act Will Mean the Practlenl
Kxclualun of I/nlted State*
■ ■■'•■■ .;( ■•
New York Sun Saoolml Sorvtoa*
Toronto. March 9.—Sir Wilfrid baurier,
the premier of the Dominion, has intro
duced a bill amending the alien labor law
enabling each province to enforce the
ait without reference to Ottawa, as the
old -measure required, and ,making ii a
vio.Jiition' of law to bring Into Canada
mon advertised for in United Statos
This will mean practical..exclusion of
workmen from the United Stages, because
eatli province lias asked for a'niore strin-
Kent law. Under the present law six
teen Americans were deported from Koss
The premier says the law will be rigid
DIVORCE DOESN'T COUNT
THIS O\K WAS SECURED I\ W. U.
A Wealthy ]\ e *v York: Woman De
clared a Itiuumist by an
Mount Vernon, N. V., March 9.—By a
decision just handed down by Justice Ma.l
dox of the supreme court* Noanii Voice,
who is credited with being the wealthiest
young woman of Mount Vernon, is placed
In the awkward position of having com
mitted bigamy, so far as the laws of this
state are concerned. The decision affects
many other New Yorkers who have ob
tained Dakota divorces.
The opinion was given in the case of
Charles A. Hollister, a young civil engi
neer of Mount Vernon who in ISii? married
Miss Voice. She is the granddaughter of
the late Alfred H. Duncombe, who was a
millionaire manufacturer of Mew York
city: Several months after the wedding
the bride disappeared and Hollister after
ward learned that she had obtained a di
vorce from him while she was living in
Mandan, N. I).
In July, 1900, Miss Voice married Ed
ward Valentine, a young man of Yonkers.
Hollister proceeded to have the divorce
set aside on the ground that it was invalid
under the laws of this state. He also sued
Valentine for $10,000 damages. He received
Sl.Oimj and costs and Valentine appealed
Justice Maddox, in his decision support
ing the plaintiff, has entirely ignored the
DROP A NICKEL AND TALK
STREET CORNER TELEPHONES
Pubtle Instruments, Like Fire Alarm
II»\i-v Will Be Erected in
•%New\:"Haven, Conn., March 9. — Public
telephones -fin/ street corners; like fire
ala-cglfboxes;';will soon be erected in New
Haver}.-. The boxes cap' be opefied by de
positing a coin which is recovered when
a.'3lor;is TrfTSJcff&d. ; r Then the process ;of
paying" is. jjpie^is&ly the same' as at any :
public pay" sUt'rton. > t ..\ *-■''"'; -.:, r"£ >' ''•'■ ■-'
"SPEC" MARSH KILLED %
jtlet»felo«s' Cowboy Meets Death After
jM Shoot Two Men. ■
Special to- The Journal. '?';.',*: ,
Helena, Mont., March —A general row
between several employes at the "I*. U."
cattle" ranch in the southwestern part of
Davvson county resulted in some of the
participants . being wounded and one
killed. V "Spec" Marsh, a cowboy who al
ways carried a gun and had been in trou
ble before,'shot Dick Harbison in the foot
and Smith White in the abdomen and was;
about to fire at Frank Howard when the
latter killed him at the first shot. "\
Howard immediately proceeded to Miles
City, giving himself up. He was taken
to Glendive. the county seat of Dawson
county, to-day for trial. The general
opinion in Dawson .county is that the kill
ing was justifiable.
NOT A CONTROLLING INTEREST
Thirty Per Cent Oaly of < rows \est
StoeU Held by Hill.
Special to The Journal.
Vancouver, p. C., March 9.—The con
troversy in British Columbia grows keen
er regarding American rail connection in
the East Kootenay country and the Great
Northern's iiuerests in the coal fields.
In correction of an error in the News-
Advertiser's report of an interview with
him. President Jaffray of the Orows Nest
Coal company states that Mr. Hill has no
controlling interest in the company, but
owns 30 per cent of the stock.
TEN YEARS_FOR MURDER
Leniency of the Billett Jury at Ste-
Mt'tou \ot Liked.
Special to The Journal.
Sisseton, S. D.. March 9.—Henry Billett,
from Traverse county, Minnesota, has been
sentenced to ten years in the penitentiary
for the murder of Louis Halvorson at
While Rock, on Nov. 17. liiOO.
Albert Reidy, who was charged with
being an accessory to the crime,
was cleared. Billett'.s crime was com
mitted with a rifle ami was unprovoked.
The verdict is far from satisfactory to the
majority of the people who believe the de
fendant should have been sentence^ for
Austria Proposes to Grant Exemp
tion From Taxation.
, tfeir York Sun Special Service ■ > .- - ■ ■..... ,
;.. Vienna, .March' •■ 9.—With *• the" object of
promoting j industry anil of creating new
manufacturing institutions/ the Austrian
government means to introduce a bill in
to the reichsrath to grant to new indus
trial plants twelve years' exemption from
taxation. The bill will also suggest the
reduction of taxation in the cases of many
corporations at present heavily burdened.
The most curious provision is that all
the state and local authorities must buy
their supplies " from home -manufacturers,
instead of seeking them abroad. . In gen
eral the bill is modeled on one that has
already become a law in Hungary.
To Cure » Cold In One Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. Ail
druggists refund the money if It falls to curt.
E. W. Grove's sicnature is on- each »>ox. 25c.
How the English' Learned.
, Silk-weaving was learned from the
Italians and French. Venetians were
Europe's instructors in the art of glass
making. A. German erected the first pa
per mill in' Great Britain; Flemish exiles
taught the English fine.woolen, manufac
ture. Cotton printing was borrowed from
France.- America is teaching -the world
how to ' brew "Golden Grain Belt." the
best ( beverage on the market, _ for it is
brewed from the purest: barley malt and
hops? 'It is fresh, sparkling 'and delicious,
and should be in every home In the land;
if you happen to be out, telephone "The
Brewery," 486 r Main.
■ ■ ■ -■■■■■
Your best cigar. The kins of its class.
I Soring rf^l^^^^
>•! ' tffl ■'■■ * iv ' .* fe i; ' "^_ - ■ - ■ ■-. ■■ i p
II till II W l f f 1> ~ "*r lnf'"!JJmw V j I
!sk '■"■' ** 1 H»/& a I^/ pftiionffim cvtrsft jv^^&&^ " >\ *
IsP .. ■-..•;■■• wfarUUmJ IJuWvl^^^gg^ --c^ I
Is a necessity because loss of appetite, that 1 A / V Js3S^ojdn \ Iv^ ' '
i^- tired feeling, bilious headaches, and other .\/ V , '/^SXSS^^^'^ j ' •%
£1 symptoms, indicate impure or debilitated \/ j&^b± Jfc^
V X In the colder weather impurities have been j^^^^^^^^^" (I I '^2 :
,^! accumulating which now ' seriously threaten /sL&i*lwK&? AA I "^ '
± Humors develop, 1 scrofula taints are £j%5 V^ A/\/\ X5Hi
pi aroused, eczema breaks out, boils and pirn- ;^ — A/ V V VI ■
X Or, if there ure no outward inanifes-' : •"v^LrfT '"''-'' ''■ '' vH
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AS BAD AS SLAVERY
Further Details of the Negro Con
■■•Ai tract System.
THE GRAND JURY INVESTIGATES
How Ignorant Negroes in South
/•■■/■•• Carolina Are Held in
Charleston. S. C. * March 9.—Acting
Under orders from Circuit Judge Bennet,
the grand jury of Anderson county is
making a searching investigation of the
ctmvict lease' system by winch negroes are
held as'slaves. A special term of court
has been called for March 7. when it is
expected, that a state scandal will come
to light -with the presentment of the jury.
Fearing the wrath of the court and pub
lic indignation, the stockade managers
have released twenty-one, negroes who |
-were held as slaves, and others will be
freed before the court has finished with
; the scandal. V.,J':
;■;, The statement was made in Anderson
this week that several negroes had been
liberated, but according to private ad
vices received in Charleston to-day, the
total number set free was twenty-one. In
this list were included three or four old
negroes, who served as slaves before" the
proclamation of President Lincoln spread
freedom to the black race. Not much has
been said in this state about the libera
tion of the negroes. It is known that this
.fact will be divulged when the special
court is held, but so many persons of
prominence are said to be implicated that
there is a general desire to let the affair
work itself out to a natural end.
In his charge to the jury Judge Bennet
Baid that the stockade system had to be
investigated. Under an old system con
victs from the state penitentiary are
leased to individuals for farm and railroad
work, and barracks are built where the
prisoners are confined. The men who
hired the prisoners went a step further,
however, and, under a special form of
contract, forced negroes to give up their
liberty for a certain term of years and
enter" the stockades, where they were
guarded and informed that they would be
shot if any attempt was made to escape.
The Anderson system was notorious. It
was by the mer<vst accident that the true
condition of affairs was discovered.^ The
disclosure made when W. S. Newell
was placed on trial last week in Ander
son for murder. Newell managed one of
these farms, and a negro, Bill Hull, was
captured and sent to the stocks. The
negro was sent before a magistrate, who
gave him a sentence, and Newell was
deputized as a special officer to take the
man to prison. Instead of being carried
to jail. Hull was placed in the stockade,
and while trying to escape one night, was
killed by Newell. The keeper of the
stockade \vns acquitted. The court got
possession of the contracts which had to
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SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 9, 1901.
be signed by "kidnapped negroes." Judge
Bennet called attention to the fact that
Hull had been taken from his family
under pretext of arrest. The machinery
of the law was used to seize him, and he
was sent to the pen and treated as a con
"The manner of his death." said the
court, "would seem to indicate that he
was shot as a felon might be shot in en
deavoring to escape the sentence of the
Hull was charged with having violated a
Newell contract, hence his arrest and sen
tence. The Hull case is an example. Con
tracts made out in regular form have been
used to bind negroes to the services of
white farmers. The laborer agrees to per
form general farmwork under the super
vision of the employer or his agents for
a stated sum and length of time, and the
laborer further agrees at all times to be
subject to the orders and commands of
the employer, who "shall have the right
to use such force as he or his agents deem
necessary to reouire me to remain on the
farm," and "shall have the right to lock
me up for safe keeping, and if I should
leave his farm or run away he shall have
the right to offer a reward for my cap
ture." The reward for capture is to be
deducted from the wages due the laborer.
The contract also gives the employer "the
right to transfer his interest in this con
tract to any other party," thus enabling
the employer to virtually sell the laborer
to another. This system is in general use
in Anderson, and some of the wealthiest
men in the county are believed to be work
ing negroes under these contracts.
When the grand jury was ordered to be
gin its investigation the stockade manag
ers are said to have reasoned together,
and as a result the twenty-one negroes
were freed. Old men, who were slaves be
fore the war, were caught by the myster
ious contracts, sent to the stockades and
placed in cells with convicts, where they
suffered indignities and were warned that
death would follow any attempt to escape
or communicate with friends at home. In
open court Judge Bennet charged that
women and babies had been shockingly
treated by the convict managers, and the
conditions, he declared, were more horrible
than the -stories told of the prisoners in
Siberia. An old slave who was imprisoned
in the Anderson stockade got word to his
former master of his condition and asked
for help. He was released yesterday, it is
said, but he might not have gained his
freedom had no notice been taken of the
outrages by the court. The old man went
back to his master with tears trickling
down his cheeks, and expressed the most
heartfelt gratitude for the service ren
At its best the convict lease system is
nothing more than slavery. It is asserted
for the law that it works well in the case
of regular convicts sent down by the
courts, but the privilege has been abused,
and unlawful steps have been takeu to
send negroes to the pen on faked charges.
The negroes are ignorant and poor and un
able to help themselves. Shrouded under
the convict lease system the slavery has
flourished and the negroes have been kept
in prison for months and mouths while
they tilled the soil for these twentieth
century slave dealers.
The story of the Anderson outrage has
stirred the public; indignation as nothing
has done for years. The unfortunate fea
ture is the truth behind the charges, and
Judge Bennet has declared that, the matter
shall be sifted regardless of consequences
and regardless of the men who will suffer.
It is common report in this state that pub
lic officers and men high in authority will
be involved in the scandal.
WILMOT AFTER A FRANCHISE
May Break Into the Western League
With a Louisville Team.
Having been deprived of a managerial
position in Milwaukee by the sudden col
lapse of the American association, Walter
Wilmot is making an effort to get into the
game. He has offered "Billy" Hulen cash
for his Pueblo franchise in the Western
league, and, if all arrangements are made
to his satisfaction, Wilmot will have a
I Western league team ia Louisville. The
deal is contingent, however, on the ability
of W. H. Watkins to secure the transfer
I of the Denver franchise to Indianapolis.
It is expected that the question of the
Western circuit will be settled at the
meeting to be held next Tuesday in St.
WHERE THE STARS GO
Inference)! From Assertion* and
Denials by "Ban."
Chicago, March 3. —The Record say«:
Though President Ban Johnson steadfastly
refuses to issue an official list of the players
who are to wear American League uniforms
next season, he has affirmed and denied re
ports regarding various National League
stars until only a few remain in the doubtful
list. The official list, when issued, it Is
expected will contain few surprises, the
players contemplating jumping having al
ready contracted. Johnson affirms that Grif
fith and Catcher Sullivan, formerly of Boaton,
will play with Comiskey; Wallace and Heid
rick, formerly of St. Louis, may V with
the White Stockings also, although the re
port still lacks official sanction. Garvin is
fixed at Milwaukee. In the Boston club, Col
lins, Dineen, Stah, Freeman, Duffy. Sullivan
an* Willis have been taken. From Phila
delphia, LaJoie, Slagle and Flick have been
secured. President Johnson will not say that
Catcher McFarland is to be with th« Ameri
"A number of pffcyers have left the Brook
lyn club," says Johnson, "McGinnity, Schre
kel and Howell will be with the American,
and perhaps more of Hanlon's men." Jen
nings and Jones are thought to be iv Ameri
can League hangs.
The doubtful list now contains Bradley of
Chicago. Wallace, Heidrick and Young of St.
Louis and Barrett and Corcoran of Cincin
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