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The Bond Ignored
The evidence of the virility of polyg
amous practice in Utah, notwithstanding
the solemn pledge given when the peo
ple pleaded for release from the terri
torial condition, and notwithstanding the
veto of the Evans bill by Governor Wells,
Is accumulating and conclusive that if the
nation would rid itself of the blot, very
positive action must be taken.
Such positive action cannot take the
form of physical compulsion. The Mor
mon element having secured statehood,
are in a posit ion to ignore the pledge
given to secure it, and to ignore any
hypocritical antipolygamy statute which
has been placed upon the statute book
einee the new state was admitted into
The remedy is found in two modes of
procedure. Congress may adopt a con
stitutional amendment and submit it to
the states giving congress authority to
enact a niarriage and divorce law, uni
form in all the states and territories; or,
congress can submit an amendment to
the states prohibiting polygamy anywhere
in the United States.
If the necessary two-thirds vote can
not be secured in both houses to pass a
resolution and refer the amendment to
the states, the same process lately ini
tiated by the Pennslyvania legislature to
secure a constitutional amendment pro
viding for the election of United States
senators by the direct vote of the peo
ple, can be applied to the case of polyg
amy. The action of thirty state legisla
tures looking to this reform and calling
a constitutional convention through con
gress to propose and act upon such
amendment, will set the ball in motion,
and the ratification of the action of the
constitutional convention by the legisla
tures of three-fourths of the several
etates or by conventions in three-fourths
of the 3tates will make valid the amend
ment proposed. In the matter of the di
rect popular vote for senators, not less
than twenty-six states have during the
last few years declared in favor of the
This is a rather slow process, but the
same action can be taken by the states
against polygamy which has been taken
against the indirect mode of electing
United States senators, and the sooner
the -work is begun the better, even if it
•hould take two or three years.
Action should have been taken to stamp
out polygamy by national law and con
stitutional amendment when the Roberts
case brought the country face to face
■with the hypocrisy and duplicity of the
Mormon hierarchy. The refusal of his
Beat in the house to Brigham Roberts
was in accord with strong public senti
ment. Public sentiment ought to be
etrong enough to outlaw polygamy every
where in the union by national law based
upon constitutional prohibition of the
The steel trust is planning to build
ships to carry its product to foreign mar
kets. And they are not waiting for any
The Board of Control
In the debate on the board of control
bill which passed the house yesterday,
the opposition to the measure laid par
ticular stress on the financial considera
tions involved. The attempt was made
to have ii appear that this bill was urged
chiefly if not solely from the standpoint
of greater economy. It suits the purposes
of the opposition to magnify this feature
of this bill in order that they may dwarf
the other considerations in favor of it.
Iv another column may be found a com
munication from an advocate of the bill,
Faulkner, superintendent of Wash
burn home, who has had a large experi
ence and who has made a thorough study
in the line of charitable and reformatory
work. He was president of the national
association at Topeka last summer, and is
recognized throughout the country as one
of the leaders of thought and action in
that field. Mr. Faulkner is an earnest
advocate of the board of control plen,
and points out in his communication the
fact that the question of money saving
is not the main argument in its favor;
that the chief consideration is the greater
efficiency of management, the increased
opportunity for heads of these institutions
to devote themselves to the legitimate
business for which they are employed as
experts and specialists in the care of
criminals and defectives, while relieved
of the present burden of financial respon
sibility and concern for legislative action
affecting the institutions under their care.
These^are points from which the oppon
ents of the bill seem to be inclined to di
Another effort to defeat the bill is put
forth in the attempt to have it Include
the educational institutions of the state,
such as the university and the normal
schools, on the ground that if it is a good
thing to economize with regard to a part
of the institutions of the state, it would
be a good thing to economize as to them
all; that if centralized control and man
agement is good as to some it ought
to be profitable as to all. This is
plausible but lacks foundation. The
management and the work of the
educational institutions are so differ
ent from the conduct and purpose of those
included in the bill as to make It
ridiculous to attempt to couple them to
gether, and it cannot be done in any
serious and sincere way. It might be a
good thing to put all the educational in
stitutions under one control; but that's
The withdrawal of all opposition to the
appointment of Sanger to be assistant sec
retary of war is the proof that Mr. Mc-
Kinley holds more cards in the game of
politics thaii the New York senators.
Senator Platt told Secretary Root less
than a week ago that he would never con
sent to Sanger's appointment. What we
would like to know is what Mr. McKinley
told Platt when he called on the president
yesterday. There are times when it jsu"t
so easy for the "easy boss."
a Rich Man's Beneficence
Mr. Andrew Carnegie is getting on
bravely in his avowed purpose to "die
poor." The gifts he announced yester
day, $1,000,000 to maintain three libraries
established by him in the Pittsburg dis
trict, and $4,000,000, the income to be de
voted to the kindly care of old and faith
ful employes of the Carnegie works, bring
the Carnegie benefactions up to about
This is doing very well, but Mr. Car
negie has a good many other millions to
dispose of for the benefit of his fellow men
and he will no doubt dispose of them in
the most useful way. He says in his let
ter to the Carnegie company:
I make this first use of surplus wealth upon
retiring from business as an acknowledg
ment of the deep debt which 1 owe the work
men who have contributed so greatly to my
This is well and nobly said, and the
workmen will probably appreciate it and
revise some of the unjust conclusions
which have been poured into their ears
by demagogues who pretend to believe
that all wealth is a crime.
Mr. Carnegie properly believes that the
best time to dispose of one's wealth is
during one's lifetime, when he is able to
do the planting and watering himself
and see the resultant benefit to the sub
jects of intelligent philanthropy. Mr.
Carnegie is wise. There are many in
stances where money bequeathed in a
rich man's will for a good public purpose,
has been diverted from its intent by
Mr. Rossiter Johnson has shown that
wealth in this country is generous, for,
in the seven years, 1893-99 inclusive, the
gifts of private individuals over $5,000 in
amount, aggregated $266,550,000. Last
year the gifts to schools and colleges in
this country amounted to over $40,000,000.
In addition to this, millions have been
given to hospitals and public libraries and
the bequests of this kind are multiplying.
Vice President Roosevelt said, when re
ferring to Colonel Oliver Payne's gift of
$750,000 to the medical college of Cornell
The gift emphasizes in a striking manner
the fact of the indisputable good done to the
community by men who use their wealth
aright. It is practically impossible to keep
a great fortune so that it shall be neutral.
All honor to him who takes advantage of the
chance to do good with his money.
And the best time to do this is when
the man who would do good with his
money is elive and well, as Mr. Carnegie
It is not creditable to Senator Smith's
reputation for the possession of at least
ordinary sense to assume that he regards
his bill to reform the state game laws
as anything less than a deliberate effort
to nullify them altogether. The idea that
a game warden must be able to distin
guish between a Wisconsin and a Minne
sota deer and between a Dakota and a
Minnesota bird found in the hand's of a
hunter before he can tell whether he is
justified in acting is too ridiculous for
serious consideration, while the require
ment that the warden must get a war
rant for the arrest of a violator of the
game laws before he can apprehend a
man caught red-handed is manifestly a
scheme to make the law for the protec
tion of game inoperative. Mr. Smith
should change the title of his bill and
make it read "an act to make it impos
sible for the game wardens to do any
thing whatever to protect the game from
The John Lindi way seems to be spread
ing. Boni Castellane boxed the ears of
the editor of the Paris Figaro yesterday.
The account says that after "polite salu
tations he then withdrew." It seems to
have been a very pleasant affair.
Topeka politicians are wily guys. Accord
ing to the papers ot that town, the anti
whisky element scored a great victory over
the antisaloon element in Saturday's prima
ries. The voters do not understand this any
better than you do.
Castellane thrashed Editor de Rodays of
Figaro and a duel is projected. The Goulds
would not go into a convent if De Rodays ran
his darning needle away through their little
"The prime secret of my success," says Mr.
Schwab, "is loving my work." Watch the
man who is always kicking about his work.
He rarely geta $1,000,000 a year.
Professor Stewart Colin told the American
Philosophical Society that the Indian had
been here 60,000 years. And in all that time
he never perfected the title to his real estate.
People in Kansas are complaining of being
killed by lightning. You have to know how
to dodge quick if you play around where
lightning has decided to strike.
The absinthe habit is growing in America.
It is a drug that makes the man who drinks
it a deadlier idiot than he was before.
The New Jersey legislature is considering
an antitreating bill. The brand of liquid
lightning used in the octopus state naturally
makes legislators cautious.
Five new Carnegie libraries in one day!
T&.e laird is doiujs bnwrlj'.
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
"LOVE LETTERS OF THE KING"
Richard Le Qallienne's "'Love Letters of
the King, or. The Life Romantic," printed
by Little, Brown & Co. of Boston, Is out—
or, rather, the advance sheets are. This
much-heralded volume, that, baa been "on
the ways" in this city for some time, and of
which vague and perfumedHiints have come
to the outside world from the Oasis of Twen
ty Wells, will itself be launched in a few.
The story is that of a young Englishman,
Pagan Wasteneys, who takes the usual prim
rose path of dalliance through the proper
and conventional intrigues with married
women, through religion, nature, much book
lore and some soulful twiddle-twaddle, to the
mighty Love, with a -apital L, that baptizes
Ins whole being and enables him to forget
in that glorious moment that he has hitherto
been a pimple on the face of nature.
But. wonderful and glittering are the bril
liant gems of wit and epigram strung by
the author on the golden cord of Pagan
Wasteney's life. The book just corruscates
with them. Let us take a few out of their
gilded setting and allow them to glitter for
a moment in the fleeting and transient col
umns of the daily press, with its vulgar
ideals, its frank and distasteful commercial
ism. The author says:
: Pagan had taken to women as :
: some men take to dominoes. , :
: A cyowd of little women, without a :
: thought of 'narm, were eating up his :
: soul as they would nibble chocolate. :
: Parliament was too foolish. I,itera- :
: tune was too ambitious—besides he :
: had succeeded in literature. Suicide :
: was too serious. Only women were :
: left. For a man in despair, woman :
: is the line of least resistance. :
: Broadly speaking, there are in :
: England only two recognized occupa- :
: tions for a gentleman. He can either :
: kill his fellow man or govern them. :
: When a man is not compelled to :
: earn his own food and clothing and :
: takes no interest either in killing or :
: governing 'nis fellows, he is in great :
: danger. That is why most rich men :
: are either so sad, so dull, or so bru- :
: talized. :
: He had often wondered why men :
: and women, year after year, paced :
: the dull round of social life, flocked :
: so talkatively to dull dinners, dull :
: luncheons, dull receptions, dull wed- :
: dings. Now he began to understand. :
: These were serious people who dare :
: not be serious. Like madmen, it was :
: not safe for them to be alone with :
: their ihougnts.
"Isn"t it awful;" but it is clever epigram,
and the pages of the book shine with it like
"fireflies, tangled in a silver braid." One
finds himself watching for these sparkles
and letting the story go by iv the pleasure
of reading them.
Then Mr. Le Gallienne does not neglect to
throw in a little verse. The hero is sup
posed to write the following lines to the
ladies of his acquaintance, and to others:
To the powers that made me and, all unde
serving, set me in this wonderful world,
I give thanks for kind and beautiful woman.
For their sweet faces 1 give thanks.
For their soft voices 1 give thauks.
For tneir thick bright hair and their little
ears, I give thanks.
For their deep eyes and their kind lips and
for their little feet.
And for their musical walking and every
other grace and mystery and goodness that is
theirs, I give thanks to the power that made
me—and gave me eyes to see them, and ears
to hear them and hands to toucu them.
For kind and beautiful women, O Gracious
Unseen Power, receive the thanks of a Man.
The author -also drops into another bit of
the Whitmanesque to pronounce a sort of
general curse ou women in this naughty
Cursed be the woman who forgets all for
Cursed be the woman who writes to you
Cursed be the woman who would gladly die
Cursed be the woman who has a mission to
Cursed be women with blue eyes, likewise
women with gray, brown, green, hazel
and violet eyes.
Cursed be little women and cursed be women
that are tall
And so on, until about all the ladies, ex
cept, perhaps, one, are properly damned.
Yet the book isn't so wicked as some of
the excerpts might sound. The hero treats
"religion" in a most gentlemanly manner,
whether of high church or even of the non
established variety. Although he knows in
tellectually that he is far above it, neverthe
less, on the death of his mother he is most
properly "confessed" by Father Seiden in his
own personal chapel, sustained for the pri
vate devotions o* his old and distinguished
One sometimes wishes that Pagan would be
put in a position where he would just have
to work or to starve. But this awful alter
native would probably have driven him to
quick suicide. It is said by the Enlightened
Ones that man, when he becomes emanci
pated and free, will not have to work for
his living. The powers of nature will do
the work for him. But meantime, until man
knows his real nature, the lords of life are
very right to lay on him the burden of work.
An unenlightened person, from whom this
burden has been taken, finds trouble. His
little personal self is demanding the great
satisfactions and is looking for them in the
wrong places. He that would save his life
must lose it. The personal self must be lost
in the great self. Mr. Le Gallienne's hero
chases around in appearances, trying to find
satisfaction for his mean, little swelled up
self. Mr. Le Gallienne makes him find it
finally in love, marriage, children and the
But he won't.
We freely predict that, inside of ten years,
Pagan will be chasing around trying to find
what has become or Mrs. Daffodil Mendoza.
Tut, tut, Pagan! It may be the proper
thing in your set, eminently the proper
thing, but In reality there isn't anything in
it. It's all been done and nobody was ever
satisfied with it since society began. You
get frightfully sick of Mrs. Daffodil Men
doza and she gets angry and somebody shoots
somebody, and so on, ad nauseum. It has
all been done! Done to death!!
While watching the gambols of Mr. Le
Gallienne'B little hero, one longs to get a
breath of real fresh air. The book smells
a little too much of musk and patchouli.
Old Walt Whitman lets In a good breath of
the northern breeze when he writes of his
sturdy self, "aplomb in the midst of irra
Me, imperturbe, standing at ease in Nature
Master of all or mistress of all, aplomb in the
midst of irrational things,
Imbued as they, passive, receptive, silent as
Finding my occupation, poverty, notoriety,
foibles, crimes, less important than I
Me, wherever my life is*lived, O to be self
balanced for contingencies
To confront night, storms, ridicule, acci
dents, rebuffs as the trees and animals
"Well, anyhow," the book is nicely printed
and will soon be for sale at the bookstores.
Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1901.
Russia's Lame Apology,
New York Press.
If Terence Mulvaney, when engaged in hold
ing the Buddhist priest upside down and
shaking rupees out of his picturesque oriental
vestments, had insisted that he was only
"seeking a modus vivendi," he would have
been the precise prototype of the later prac
tical humorist. Count Lamsdorf, of Man
churia; the fit successor of Prince Lobanoff.
of Armenia, and Count Muravieff, of Crete,
in the Russian foreign office. At the same
time he would scarcely have found credence
for his version of his purpose till he set the
reverend gentleman down. Nor will Russia.
Looktne for \>w Worlds.
Somebody is now trying to discourage man
kind by declaring that the people of Mara
are too ignorant to understand us even if
we do signal to them. But this should not
serve to hold the world back. Perhaps we
can have fun educating the people of Mars
after we get through with the Chinese.
Trro New Words.
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
Language is recently richer by two verbs,
to carter, meaning to kill with talk, and to
carrynation, meaning to smash with a
Hl* Apparent Determination.
Aguinaldo seems to have settled down In
grim determination to wait another four years
«a Mr. Bryan and his popuiiatic friends.
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL.
No. -1 Park Row.
The Cadet of the < unii Hoy*.
March 15.—A product of the metropolitan
department store is the cadet of the cash boy
corps. These boys are proud of their titles,
and with reason, for otherwise they might be
called "head cash boys," which would not
please them half so well. Sometimes there
are as many as fifteen of these boys in one
store, each cadet being in charge of the ca*
boys in his department. Usually the cadet if
about 16 years old, and the possession of gooQ
judgment is what gets and keeps for him his
position. There is one supreme head of all
the cash boys, who hires and discharges
them, but leaves the constant watching of
them to his cadets. A cadet may reprimand
but not discharge a boy; if be reports a boy
the latter is either discharged or sent tr> an
other department. Then, if the cadet in that
new department reports him for any offeuse
he must go; there ifl no appeal from punish
ment for a second offense. The average pay
of a cash boy is $2.50 a week the first six
months, $3 a week the second six months,
and $3.50 the second year. As a cash boy he
never gets any more than that, but when he
gets older he is usually made a stock boy at
$4 a week.
It 1m a \\ under.
Manager William A. Brady, who has han
dled prize fighters as well as theatrical
troupes, says that his latest experiment in the
amusement line, the revival of "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" at the Academy of Music, is indeed a
money maker. This old play, under the Bra
dy revival, is actually taking in something
like $1,200 a night at the Academy. Because
of the decline of the fighting game, Mr. Bra
dy is now devoting himself to theatrical
affairs with a vengeance, and his profits from
his enterprises this year will fully equal his
profits of the preceding year from the priz?
ring. In "Way Down East" and "Lovers'
Lane" he has investments equal to Fitzsirn
mons and Corbett, both of whom he managed.
Now "Uncle Tom" adds its revenue to his
present run of luck.
Trouble Over Crowded Cars.
There is considerable trouble in store for
the Brooklyn Rapid Transit system and the
Manhattan Elevattd railroad. The halcyon
days in which the railroad companies were
permitted, and in fact are still permitted, to
crowd cars to the limit, extracting a maxi
mum number of nickels for a minimum of
accommodation, are about to disappear. The
Chamber of Commerce has taken up the ques
tion of crowded trains, and will conduct a
rigid investigation of the conditions, with the
purpose of doing away with the present nui
sance. President Orr of the Chamber of Com
merce is back of the movement, being joined
by former Mayor Hewitt of old New York
city, and former Mayor Schieren of the old
city of Brooklyn. The investigating commit
tee intends to especially examine into the
conditions about the Brooklyn bridge and the
city hall terminus of the Third avenue line.
During the rush hours of the morning and
evening, this section of the city is pregnant
with danger; then it is that persons are reck
lessly rushing in all directions for cars. All
of the immense space ia jammed with hurry
ing humanity, and no time is given by any
one person for the consideration of any one
else. Accidents, by the trampling of women
and children, are occurrences of about every
minute during these periods.
He Lived in Brooklyn.
Everybody in New York has long thought
the borough of Brooklyn a foreign place of
residence. We have now a court decision to
strengthen this opinion. Magistrate Pool, in
the Jefferson Market police court, stands 0:1
the records as having discharged a prisoner
for being drunk on the man's simple excuse
that he lived in Brooklyn. Henry Zimmer
man was the prisoner whose case brought
about this decision. Mr. Zimmerman was ar
rested in the borough of Manhattan while in
an intoxicated condition. When the police
man discovered him he was trying to climb
up the side of an office building. When he
was arraigned in court the magistrate ex
pressed some wonder that Brooklyn people
always come over to the New York side to
"Well, 1 live In Brooklyn, judge," observed
the man, "and 1 think that's about enough to
drive any man to drink."
"I agree with .you perfectly," remarked
Magistrate Pool. "You are discharged."
Compressed Air I» ",\o Good."
Compressed air as a motive power for street
surface railways has proved a failure so far
as New York city is concerned. Two of our
lines, the Twenty-eighth street and Twenty
ninth street cross-towns respectively, have
for several months been equipped with com
pressed ai'" motors, but the commissioner of
highways now demands that the motive power
be changed on the ground that it is a nui
sance. A storage battery system like that in
use on the Thirty-fourth street cross-town
line will probably be substituted for com
pressed ar. The present cars have proved
nerve-racking, as they mcke a noise almost
equal to that of a steam railroad locomotive.
A < hiiiewc Wedding.
We have just been treated to a Chinese mar
riage with all its frills, extravagances and
peculiarities. This, however, was not be
cause both principals are Chinese, as one is a
Bowery girl who for years ias lived in China
town. The groom is a full-blooded Chinese,
following the gentle pursuits of a laundry
man and a "dope" seller. The wedding was
•arranged as a sort of general East Side en
tertainment, and, to acocmmodate the crowd,
was held in Clarendon hall, a regular admis
sion fee being extracted. A couple of "cap
pers" from Chatham square undertook to run
the affair, giving the happy bride and groom
a good share of the gate receipts.
—N. X. A,
Augustus Thomas' great play "Arizona"
will be given three more times at the Metro
politan, to-night and to-morrow afternoon
There was a continuous crowd at the box
office window of the Metropolitan all day yes
terday, purchasing seats for the forthcoming
engagement of Collamarini and the Boston
Lyric Opera company. Although the grand
opera nights, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday
and Friday, seem to be the favorites, the
comic opera performances will also be well
patronized. The opera for the opening per
formance Sunday nigut will be "The Idol's
But three more performances remain of the
engagement at the Bijou this week of the
"King of the Opium Ring," and those who
like a melodrama that abounds in comedy and
heart interest, with a deal of sensation run
ning through it, will do well to secure seats.
The Wm. H. West Minstrels, newly and
magnificently equipped, with a larger com
pany, more novel acts, more famous come
dians, and greater elngers than ever before,
will be the attraction at the Bijou next week.
Who can repress a smile at the mere mention
of such names as Billy Van and Ernest Ten
ny, both quaint, original and always happy
in their fun-making? With Raymond Teal
and Charles Whalea, a quartet of comedians
never excelled in any one company is formed.
The West Minstrels have always been strong
from a musical standpoint. This year Is no
exception, the vocal corps being headed by
that phenomenal singer, Richard J. Jose,
augmented by such splendid voices as Manuel
Romain, John P. Rodgers, William Hallett,
and a chorus of powerful voices. The setting
for the first part is said to be rich in splen
dor, gorgeous and harmonious in color, and
to show extreme good taste in Its artistic de
sign. What is this season regarded as one of
the strong features is the magnificent street
parade, very rich In appointments and dis
playing a variety and wealth of outdoor dis
Misinterpreted the Title.
Mrs. Nation's paper, the Smasher's Mali,
has just been issued at Topeka. It Is said
that a great many railroad baggagemen have
subscribed fcr it simply on impulse.
That "Xarrow Escape."
The thrilling dispatch about Grover Cleve
land's narrow escape from death by the pos
sible capsizing of .his duck boat was plainly
plagiarized from the . story of * little Elsie.
Little Elsie said to her , mother: "I ■ nearly
had a horse! A man out in front is driving
a , horse in a buggy. • 1 asked ' him if I could
have • it. pHe said " no. If be had said yes,
I'd Have had It" ,
A Fraudulent Enlistment
BY CHARLES W. KIUBALL.
Copyright, 1901, by A. S. Richardson.
Peyton drew for "The Week Illustrated."
The Week was struggling, and could afford
no high-priced specialists; so Peyton, on a
third-rater's pay and in his heart believing
himself a third-rater, pegged away, drawing
everything under the sun, from imaginary
seaside scenes to "adaptations," as the bare
faced stealings from the English weeklies
But if there was one thing Peyton thought
he could do, it waa Salvation Army sketches.
The office thought differently, however, and
roasted Peyton's little street groups—the only
"volunteer 'copy' " ho had ever been known
to turn in to the art editor —until men from
the art rooms of the dallies on Park row
commenced inquiring who drew the Salvation
iads and lassies. The staff began reluctantly
to admit to each other that Peyton was good
for something after all, - and when Peyton's
supply of "copy" waa not forthcoming one
week, the art editor sent for him.
"The reason why I haven"t drawn any more
army pictures," said Peyton, in response to
the art editor's question, "is because I can't
draw 'em to suit. The more I look at 'em the
more I know they're rotten sketches. You
see, I can't draw 'em here and draw 'em
proper. There's something that's missing.
You've got to study the folks day and night.
You've got to live with 'em. You've got to
see what they see and feel what they feel or
you can't get your pictures to suit. So if you
want any more .Salvation Army copy—you'll
have to let me join."
"But you—urn—you areu't converted?" in
quired the art editor.
"Not that I knew of," laughed Peyton.
"Can't say that 1 feel the need of anything
like that. The qualifications for enlistment
are simple enough. As for the testimonials
and like—well, I belonged to a dramatic club
at college, and I think 1 can manage that."
The art editor looktd dubious. The Week
had never indulged in the luxury of a "spe
cial" before. The managing editor, however,
had seen some of Peyton's work, and brushed
away the doubts of the art editor who came
to consult him.
"Of course the Week can afford it," an
nounced the managing editor. "A series of
such pictures would be a circulation raiser,
and anything that will raise the circulation,
the Week can afford."
The next week, Peyton's desk in the art
room was deserted; Peyton had joined the
Army. Every Monday, the art editor cashed
Peyton's check, bought a money order and
mailed It to one "Frank Brown," care —th
street barracks, in a city not many miles
away, and the little group that used to gather
in the artroom of nights wondered what Pey
ton was doing. Although he never wrote,
each week came from him a batch of draw-
Ings. Then the staff would gather round to
look, criticise and admire. The work was not
what critics would call beautiful, but it was
strong—undeniably strong. The little street
scenes—sober-faced Salvation lassies, red
capped soldiers, the apathetic faces of the
crowd looking on and perhaps in the midst
of the group some wild-eyed woman kneeling
with clasped hands and a strange look on her
face—all these had a note of human interest
that made the man who saw them look again.
One day there was a new post mark on the
package of Peyton's drawings. One of the
boys bought a War Cry and read of Pey
ton's appointment to a captaincy and his as
signment as secretary to some traveling in
"What a hypocrite—and -what clever draw
ings!" was the sentiment of the staff of the
Week. Still no word from Peyton. The post
mark drew further west and his sketches
grew better and better. The managing ed
itor began to give Peyton's drawings the
front page and art critics commented. Rivals
called the Week "The War Cry," but the
public commenced to look, then to buy and
the circulation took a jump that brought the
Week's owner, a threadbare little old man
wno had. sunk a fortune in his paper, down
to the office more In a fortnight than he had
been in a year before.
Peyton had "taken" at last. All the coun
try was talking about his soldiers. When
letters, bearing on the envelops the cards
of the big weeklies and magazines began to
come addressed to Peyton, in care of the
Week, the, managing editor saw there was
danger of losing his treasure. A letter was
dictated to Peyton that the Week appreciated
his services, did not wish to lose him and
would meet any and all offers.
The managing editor turned from his
stenographer to the morning's mail on the
desk before him, when he saw, amid the pile
of letters an envelop addressed in Peyton's
familiar hand. No drawings! Only a short
note requesting his check. He could not
<!raw any longer for The Week, so the letter
read. There was other work that required
his attention. He begged pardon for his so
sudden and, he supposed, unexpected deci
sion, but it could not have been otherwise
Here the letter closed.
Somebody's bought him up!" exclaimed
the managing editor. "See here!"-to the
art editor, who had just come in "Wire
Peyton! Get ready to leave to-night for
Kansas City yourself. Offer him anything he
asks. You know him, talk to him do any
thing to hold him. We're ruined if we lose
The art editor started west on the first
train. When he arrived in Kansas City he
sought the Salvation Army barracks and in
quired for Captain Brown—secretary to the
-iou mean Captain Peyton," they told
nim. "He speaks at headquarters to-night "
The art editor said nothing, but got a front
seat in the hall that evening. He had never
been in such a place before. With interest
he watched and listened to the services-mu
sic by a red coated band, some •testimonies "
and then a recruit stepped to the front, and
in a voice, unsteady at first, but growing
stronger as he proceeded, told his simple little
story. A middle aged German gave his test;
mony In broken English. As he became
wrapped up in his Btory his English failed
him, and he broke out in his native tongue
"Ach Gott!" he protested. "I couldn't say
It in your language, but I feel it yoost the
same." He wiped his eyes and sat down.
All the platform seemed to be expecting
something, and when the captain arose and
stepped to the front, a bustle of suppressed
excitement ran over the band of soldiers on
"Brethren, we have -with us to-night a com
rade who rame into our ranks not a glorify
God, but for worldly purposes," he beffan
"To make a market-place of the Lords tem
ple, to put on paper what he saw only to win
the empty praise of the world. His was a
false name and a fraudulent enlistment, but
that comrade has repented. He has re-en
listed under his true colors, he has renounced
the vanities of the world to be indeed a
soldier of the Lord, and, brethren, that com
rade stands here before you to-night to tell
you how he was saved."
The captain stepped to the rear of the stage
and taking by the hand a man who had been
standing In the shadow, he led him forward
The band struck up "Soldier of the Cross"
and the art editor looked closely at the uni
formed figure. It was Peyton.
The art editor wired the office what ha
had seen. But the office didn't understand.
In an hour an answer came:
"You must get him. Offer him anything
The art editor tore up the message and
took the first train for home.
Let Him See Totten.
New York Sun.
A new and bold man of science ha 3 ap
peared in Chicago. He is John H. Fulton,
M. A., described as a former professor of
oriental languages in the Royal university of
Athens, and the Imperial university of
Vienna. Mr. Fulton believes that "the abode
of satan is the planet Saturn, where he is
now and has for years been preparing for his
final struggle with God and the archangels."
An interchange of views between Professor
Fulton and Lieutenant Totten would be In
Different, Isn't It?
"When Mr. Bryan arrived in New York
Saturday tbe only persons to meet him were
the man he had selected for ambassador to
England and a newspaper reporter. What a
change since last year!
The Beat Ever.
Lisbon, N. D., Free Press.
The Minneapolis Journal has Issued its an
nual book of cartoons by its ] special'artist,
Bart. This volume far exceeds in beauty and
artistic " workmanship . all others published,
and is "well -worth the price of admission.
Bart, like The Journal, to the beet
to be bad.
FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 15, 1901.
MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES
(Copyright, 1901, by Victor F. Lawson.)
PAPEfRS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OF NATIONAL. REPUTATION.
AMERICAN LIFE A CENTURY
(By Alice Morse Earle, Author of "China
Collecting in America," '"Home Life in Co
lonial Days,' "Costume in Colonial Times,"
The dining table used a century ago waa
much narrower thau that of the present
■day. It was a survival of the "table board"
of the early colonists, which was simply a
long, narrow, detached board top laid on
trestles shaped somewhat like a sawhorse.
The tablecloth was then called a "board
cloth." This narrow table top was ample
for the table furnishings of the day. Our
grandmothers did not need the five feet of
diameter which we now overload with a
motley display of linen, lace, silver, crystal,
flowers and confection*. They had no flowers
on the table, and but rarely an epergne. or
dish with fruit. There were no "individual"
pieces, save plates, knives, forks and usually,
but not always, glasses. Sometimes a tank
ard circulated round the table. There was
always a salt cellar, one of goodly size; and
by IS2O there was a castor, which had been
seen before that date, but was not universally
used. Benjamin Franklin had cruet stands
and casters. A book of directions for tash-
LOWESTOFT COFFEE POT AND CUP.
ionable dinner-giving, not yet fifty years old,
begins the chapter on table furnishing thus:
'"Be sure to set the castor exactly in the
middle of the table."
At a formal tea party or dinner the table
was often set with the dessert in groups of
pretty glasses and dishes, and it deserved
display, for the whips, syllabubs, trlfle3,
quaking custards, creams and floating islands
were the skilled labor of many hours, usually
of the house mistress and her daughters.
There was another reason for the con
venience of a narrow table —there was little
waiting upon or serving at meals, save by
the persons seated at the table. Men of great
wealth —the great land owners in the south
and ship owners in the north—had butlers and
waiters, usually negroes, often clumsy and
ill-trained; but folk of ample means and
bountiful table helped one another at meals.
Servants placed the food upon the table,
and sometimes the "help" then sat down
at the end of the long table. The host always
carved, placing- his cuts one by one on the
pile of plates in front of him, which were
in turn passed down the table and supplied
by each person with the vegetable or sauce
from the dish in front of him until all were
served bountifully with all on the table.
"Wooden Trenchers and Pewter
Wooden trays and trenchers, over tho
cheap, cleanly and convenient table furnish
ing of pioneers, had disappeared with the
eighteenth century, before the domination of
pewter, save in rare instances, as during
the revolution, -when pewter was melted into
bullets, or during the embargo in the nine
teenth century, when London pewter came
little to American ports. Then "trencher
bees" were held, where the young men made
trenchers from poplar wood and the young
■women scraped them smooth with glass.
Pewter, too, was being thrust out. Con
servative folk like John Hancock hated the
clatter of china and clung to pewter. It was
LUSTER WARE PITCHER AND CUP.
thought that china dulled the edges of knives.
The round platter, or "charger," was used
for serving boiled meats long after pewter
plates had disappeared. A "garnish of pew
ter" still was a bridal gift in the country
in 1801, though china was used everywhere
in the city.
Before the revolution there began to be
imported to America from England many
pieces of a close-grained, creamy, opaque
ware, which was not china and seemed
smoother pottery, which was known as • 'yel
low ware" or Liverpool ware, and nearly all
of it was decorated in Liverpool in black
or red prints by a process of transfer print
ing orj pottery engraving Invented by on©
Sadler, a Liverpool engraver. He had the
notion of china printing suggested to him by
seeing children when at play in a doll's
house decorate their broken pieces of crock
ery by pasting on scraps of engravings which
he had thrown aside. This yellow ware was
very highly prized for many years, and
wealthy merchants and sea captains brought
pieces home as gifts. We find, therefore, that
many of the large pieces of yellow ware found
in America, such as pitchers and mugs, are
printed with views of ships and sailors, Ma
sonic designs and patriotic views relating to
These pitchers are what are known as the
•watermelon shape, and often hold two or
three gallons. Whether they were made In
Liverpool or not, they were decorated there,
as Sadler kept his process a secret; and
Liverpool ware is their name. They are much
sought after by collectors, and are usually
about a century old. I have found but one
that had the Liverpool stamp on the base.
Tableware* and Their Designs.
Other cream-colored wares were ' seen on
the table of 1801, chiefly the queensware,
■which was made at Leeds. It is yellowish
and was imported In some quantity after the
revolutionary war; also a pure white ware
made at Leeds. Both are found in basket or
openwork wicker designs. Often these pieces
■ are unmarked. Some are marked "Leeds pot-
"FLOWING BLUE" PLATE,
tery" or "C. O." (for Charles Green, one of
the owners of the pottery), also a "Q" under
a crown and sometimes an arrowhead.
The Castleford wares came to this country
in considerable numbers, especially a fine
white ware, with surface divided Into com
partments by raised lines which were colored
green or blue. In these compartments are
sometimes medallions of liberty, the spread
eagle or other devices relating to America,
These are usually unmarked. Very rarely
old pieces of salt-glaze ware came here.
These have a granulated surface something
like orange peel. They were- usually of pure
cream color, la re&side designs, standing on
feet usually designed like lions' heads. They
were cast in molds resembling the molds for
silverware. Sometimes the relief borders
were colored green, or yellow. These are
sometimes called Crouchware and were im
ported more frequently to the southern states
than to the-^northern.
Pieces of "black china," especially tea
pots, are -often seen in old country homec.
The oldest are a kind of red pottery covered
with a black glaze. They look almost like
black glass. They often have a raised de
sign and sometimes have gay-colored flower*
*-■'■■ ■ . \i
CHINESE PLATTER, WILLOW PATTERN',
painted over this blank, glassy surface. They
are called-in England "bla^k de-anter" anri
were made in Jackfleld as early as 1713 aad
in one or twoj other potteries.
Such pieces 'are always old, and are much
sought after by collectors aad are cften
found tipped with silver and with silver lids.
The other so-called ''black china" is unglazed
and duil of surface and was made by many
of the Staffordshire potters. It was named
by Wedgwood, as he perfected it, "black
basaltes." Some of the finer pieces have
sliding lids or lids hinged on metal pins.
Pieces Imported From China.
A sudden and vast commerce sprung up
between Amerir-a and China and was well
under way by so that great quantities
of oriental ware came to our ports. The Chi
nese pieces found in greatest quantity are
old Canton and what is known to collectors
as Lowestoft. The Canton piec«s are a thick
and rather clumsy ware of greenish or blu
ish white ground, with blue figures of ori
ental pattern. The marks or stamps on the
under side of the pieces are generally Chi
nese letters or signs in blue, of various mean
ings. The oriental pieces known as Lowe
stoft are so called from an erroneous Im
pression which has been promulgated to a
most remarkable extent that these pieces
were made or decorated in Lowestoft, Eng>
land. I have never seen a piece that I be
lieved to be made In Lowestoft. The waro
of Lowestoft is a coarse-grained bluish
white. The decoration is often of little stem
less flowers In natural colors or chocolate or
brown; of shields, eoats-of-arms, monograms
or initials, frequently in brown and gold. A
border of blue, diversified with gold stars,
or a meander pattern of gold, is seen, espe
cially on punch bowls. The cups of Lowe
stoft are usually small and without handles;
the mugs are both cylindrical and barrel
shaped. The coffee pots are tall, with straight
spouts; the handles of the teapots are crossed
or twisted and attached to the body with
leaves. The surface glaze of the large pieces
is often somewhat rough, as if painted into
shape by hand. There are no marks or
stamps on this ware. The ships of New
England merchants in the India trade
brought vast quantities of this Lowestoft to
America in the years between 1800 and 1830,
and nearly every old family of dignity from
Maine to Georgia had a Lowestoft servica
which was called India china. Hence speci
mens are not rare, but are much beloved by
Willow-pattern ware was seen everywhere.
This willowware was made in England from
a design copied from the Chinese, and it
was made in China from English ware. A
table set with willowware had much charm
both in appearance and in the imaginary
story connected with it, which was a favorite
with children. A sprightly woman wrote a
poem to the willowware, beginning thus:
I have never been to China, and I fear I
Be chosen as ambassaxlress to Peking or Chu
But I know the kind of place it is as well
as older pates
From different works on China illustrated by
The f-olor of the country is a kind of dingy
With chaotic land and water here and there
Interspersed with funny bridges and path 3
that seem to glide
To very funny houses upon the other side.
There are frightful flowers growing upsld«
down and inside out,
Trees with caterpillars laden, some with
roots and some without.
These set designs were followed by blue
and white ware of clouded outline known as
"flowing blue," which is valueless save for
Its color. , . »
Tea. Drink a Century Ago.
Silver spoons were seen on all tables of
well-to-do folk In 1301. Alchemy and pewter
spoons were out of date. There were a few
three-tined forks; * two tines were far more
common. Knives were of steel, sharpened
for use, with handles of shagreen, horn, ivory t
or wood. Tablecloths and napkins were of
homespun linen, ample in number and firm
in quality. A fashion prevailed of spread-
Ing j a white damask tablecloth over one"' of
figured colored damask. When the last glass
of wine was reached and the almonds and
raisins and fruit, the white cloth was taken
off, leaving what*was called a dessert.cloth.
If tea was served It was in handleless cups,
hard to hold if the beverage was hot. The
tea was,'poured into a saucer and drunk
therefrom. Daniel Webster always drank his
tea from a saucer. The teacup was set in a
little-plate known as a cup-plate. Prince de
Broglle discovered, after drinking his twelfth
cup ,of tea; that if he wished no more ha
must place his spoon across his.cup. Until
•he did, that his hostess kept pressing, fresh
tea upon him. A tea urn was a pretty table
appointment with tea and sugar canl»t«r»,
cream* pots and sugar tongs.. •';;^
George WashiiiKton'i Invention. .
-Wine was served in handsome glass de
canters, which were set in silver-rimmed
coasters j with; wooden ■ bases.' „ These: coasters
were } sometimes double, made to hold two
decanters or bottles, 0, and . were ■■■ set on I four
little wheels like a miniature wagon. They
were dragged around the surface of the table
by a little tongue or handle. >It is a mat
ter of tradition that these double coasters on
wheels were invented by, George Washington,
and that the word coaster thus used is also
American. ' . .; _ ... .'
fy46jZi, (MelSt (odA&t