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LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN.
MAN AUK R. KDITOK.
T II E J O I It \ A I. in published
• very eveuiiiK, except Sunday, ul
47—1}» Fourth Street South, Journal
BulldinK, Minneapolis, Minn.
C. J. Uillson, Manager Foreign Adver
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The Attitude of the Railroads
However, if it should be proved that the
railway companies have endeavored to secure
delay by the reference of tais whole ques
tion ro the tax commission, by the use of
bribes, or iv any i-urrupt and indefensible
way, iheu the Times favcrs, earnestly, the
Be of the .Jacobson bill at the earliest
possible moment. If the railways have sought
to postpone tht> decision, then it may be pre
sumed they have knowledge cf inherent weak
ness in their ease and the state should take
advantage, at nuee, of such implied confes
Has the Times any doubt as to the at
titude of the railroads toward this bill?
Does it not know that the railroads have
fought the passage of an increased gross
earnings tax not only at this session of
the legislature but at two previous ses
sions? Is it ignorant of the fact that
they have used every proper means, to
say nothing of improper ones, to stave off
the passage of a bill providing for this
increase? The Times can hardly be ig
norant of these facts, and knowing them
it must be convinced by its own argument
that this opposition and stubborn resist
ance is of itself evidence of the belief of
the railroad companies that the state has
a right to, and can increase the gross
If ihis is not so how are we to account
for the vigorous opposition which this
measure encounters at every session?
It is not worth while to worry about the
railroads abandoning the gross earnings
eystem of taxation. The figures in Mr.
Jacobson's argument, -which have not been
refuted so far as we know, show that at
even the rate which he proposes the rail
roads will save $400,000 to $500,000 a year by
paying a gross earnings tax instead of a
direct tax: and if they do not pay a gross
earnings tax they must pay a direct tax,
not only upon the property used in oper
ating the road but upon their lands, which
the supreme court of the United States
has just said are exempt under the gross
-\'<>. it is not worth while to question the
attitude of the railroads; they are opposed
to this law. They are resisting its pas
sage by every means in their power, and
have done it every time this proposition
has appeared in the legislature. They
no doubt, have reasons for doing so; the
natural conclusion is that they believe
the state can justly collect more taxes If
it is disposed to do so. and thai the only
way tbey can prevent it is to defeat every
effort iv that direction in the legislature.
The Tribune thinks it would be "so
manifestly improper for a newspaper to
express any opinion as to the truth or
falsity of the accusation" of bribery in the
legislature "until the evidence is made
public' 1 that it calls particular attention
to the "general rule of presumption of
innocence" until the contrary has been
That's well enough as a general propo
sition, applying both to the members and
to the 'controlling officials" of the rail
road companies, to whom the Tribune re
fers. The Tribune is probably not in
nocent enough, however, not to know that
while the -controlling officials" of rail
roads are usually very admirable men,
it is not uncommon for railroad com
panies and other large corporations who
deal with state legislatures and city coun
cils, to have connected with them men
who are not so particular as to how the
results they accomplish are brought
about, nor are their methods inquired into
too closely at all times, it often happens
that those above them do not care to
know how certain results are produced, so
it is hardly worth while to try to estab
lish in the public mind the idea that the
railroads in this state could not. be in
duced to influence legislation in their
favor if they thought it necessary to
serve their interests. Nor is the willing
ness of some legislators to accept induce
ments influencing their legislative action
so exceedingly rare and unusual as tc
make it impossible to conceive of any
thing of this kind having been done at
some time or other in the history of Min
By some mistake—a case of "unconsci
ous cerebration" probably—T he Jour
n a 1 referred to a communication from J.
L. Smith of Faribault as having been writ
ten by the superintendent of the schools
for the deaf, notwithstanding its knowl
edge of the fact that Mr. James N. Tate
Is the superintendent of that institution.
The mistake as to the identity of the
correspondent makes the remark of The
Journal with regard to the apprehen
sion of superintendents concerning the ef
fect of the board of control bill upon them
and their institutions inapplicable.
Registration of Land Titles
It the state regulates the manner of
transferring lands, and acquiring interests
in lands, and recording the transactions
by which such transfers have been made,
and such interests have been acquired, why
should not the state take one step farther,
and provide for a simple mode of register
ing the results of such transactions?
To acomplish this is the object of the
reform attempted by the Torrens system of
land transfers. Senator Snyder's bill, now
before the legislature, presents a form of
that system, adapted, as he believes, to the
general policy of the Minnesota statutes.
An examination of this bill shows that
great care has been taken in its prepara
tion, and discloses muoh in it of merit.
In the attemp-t to Introduce this Torrene
system into some of the states, serious
mistakes nave been made. The plan of
enforcing the adoption of the new system
at once, by the entire body of land-owners,
was faulty. The large proportion of per
sons interested, who demurred to having
the new scheme forced upon them, easily
found constitutional and other objections,
fatal to the plan. In fact, the surest way
to commend the new system is to allow it
to come into use voluntarily. Mr. Snyder's
bill wisely does this. Any owner who
•chooses many have his land registered,
and thereby transfer it from the old class
of unregistered land, to the new class of
registered land. Once thus transferred, the
particular land is always thereafter des
tined to remain "registered," and. to be
dealt Aviih as such. There seem to be so
many advantages in having one's land
•registered," so that it may be trans
ferred by transferring the registrar's cer
tificate of title, we feel sure the fashion of
so dealing with land will experience a
rapid growth, after it is once introduced.
Another obstacle to the success of the
Torrens system in some states has been
the mode adopted of entrusting Its en
forcement to administrative offices ap
pointed for the purpose. By giving to such
officers powers which are more or less ju
dicial in their character, the new law has
brought itself squarely up against the con
stitutional provision -which keeps the
functions of the two departments separate.
The Snyder bill obviates this difficulty, by
making the determination of the question
whether the applicant shall have a cer
tificate of title, one to be settled by the
court. Every new declaration of the right
of a party, either to have or to be denied
a certificate, is to be made by the court.
The new system may thus be put in opera
tion, in entire conformity to the principles
of the existing constitution and system of
laws in Minnesota.
No new public officials will be required
under this bill, except examiners of xitle.i
to be appointed by the district court. The
present register of deeds will continue, as
now, to record all deeds and other instru
ments relating to unregistered lends. He
will also be the "registrar of titles" for his
county, and will take charge of the reg
istration of ell titles of registered land.
His formal or ordinary office duties will be
assigned io him by the new law, and as to
the results of the proceedings in court, in
cluding the final registration of -titles and
issuance of certificates, his duties will be
regulated by the decrees made in court.
Thus we shall have all matters of land
titles kept of record in one public office,
by one officer, who will act a« "registrar
of titles" for registered lands, and as "reg
ister of deeds" for all other lands. The
district court will stand in the same at
titude as now, in respect to land matters,
but with a jurisdiction enlarged to include
all the functions necessary to introduce
the new system.
The Journal desires to bring to the
attention of the people all the important
features of this proposed legislation, in or
der to elicit general discussion of the plan.
It seems to be well worthy of trial, an*
*t as early a day as the legislature shaJJ
W. D. Washburn, Jr., is entitled to
credit for having the moral courage to do
a disagreeable thing as a matter of public
duty. It was certainly not a very pleas
ant task for him to state to the legislature
that he had information bearing upon the
gross earnings bill which might reflect
seriously upon the action of other mem
bers of the house, but it most certainly
was his duty to let the house have what
information he possessed bearing upon a
matter of so much importance. Mr.Wash
burn has made an admirable record in
his first legislative session, and such
statements as he makes will undoubtedly
be received with great consideration both
by members of the house and by all out
side who know him personally.
Liberty in France
In the French chamber of deputies,
yesterday, Comte De Mun made a very
strong speech against the government
measure known as the law of associations,
which has been under discussion for some
time. He dwelt upon the right of parents
to bring up their children as they wish,
notably in the matter of religious in
struction, which he thought should be
given by the religious orders.
This bill is aimed at the suppression
of the religious orders. It declares that
any association having any object that
is illicit, immoral, contrary to the unity
of the country or to the government of
the republic is illegal. It requires that
the statutes of every association shall
be made public by the promoters and if
they infringe on the law the courts may
declare the association illegal and dis
solve it. Severe penalties are laid upon
the directors and managers and upon per
sons who rent premises to such associa
The law strikes at the Jesuits by pro
hibiting associations of Frenchmen whose
directors live in other countries or who
are foreigners, and, as associations whose
members live in common are also pro
hibited, the monastic orders come under
the scope of the law. All associations
must be approved by the French parlia
ment and a lenient clause peTmits mem
bers to recover the real and personal
property they have in an association de
clared illegal, and other assets go to the
Count I)e Mun very plausibly enlarged
upon the blow to liberty embodied In this
measure, but the action of the French
government is not without some justifi
cation. The religious orders have been
the enemies of the republic. They have
backed every movement looking to the
overthrow of the republic and the res
toration of a Bourbon monarchy or a
Napoleonic empire. But it is questionable
if the restrictions embodied in the bill
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAE.
now before the French chamber -will ac
complish the extinction of the Internal
conspiracies. The French republic ought
to be strong enough by this time to make
the actualization of a monarchical plot
impossible. The monarchists lost their
chance under Macmahon and they have
not since had such an opportunity to
carry out their designs.
The real danger for France is in the
growth of fanatical and irrational radi
The Tagal leaders seem to be quite
busy these days getting themselves cap
tured. It begins to look as if the insur
gents in Luzon regarded the opposition
to I'ncle Sam as something like the chil
dren's game—"the last one in is a 'nig
"Never A man who was Buffaloed at
rf l . Dcs Moiuea felt that uupleas
i oucnea aut teellug as ne Baw u i ß $ 6
Me" bill going over the bur at the
wallow and put up the first
serious "bunt" so far recorded in the United
States. He also backed it up with a gun and
much untoward and painful lauguage. So
strong was his play that the Initiation fee
was returned and the Dcs Molnes man from
that moment ceased to be a good fellow and
The buffalo josh hRs gone so far now that
there are few victims left except on the
fringes of civilization. The joke is essen
tially a Yankee one. You would never think
of going to England and trying to initiate
the beadle, the lord high chancellor, Andrew
Lang or the bishop of London. The humor
of it would not penetrate. In France the
first initiation would be the sign for blood
shed, while in Spain— carrainba!! The Latin
mind is too serious.
There is a certain lightness in the Yankee
that refuses to think that the universe is out
of gear when things do not go just to suit
him. It is a happy disposition to have.
When he Is bowled over financially or other
wise he can get up again and remark, "Never
touched me." A little thing like highway
robbery of the buffalo kind does not move
Not an ounce of "confidence" Is left at
Niles, Mich. The town had two banks. The
one managed by a Sunday school superin
tendent, went to the wall, and then the peo
ple transferred their business to the other
bank, which was managed by a "good fel
low" who played poker. But the poker
player stole $100,000, more than the super
intendent got. Hence the general wreckage
A scientific gentleman proposes to stop the
eternal war between dog and cat by inoculat
ing the animals with serums from one an
other's blood. In this way the hostile dog
principle will neutralize the hostile cat prin
ciple and there will be peace in the two
The Samoan natives are leaving the Ger
man islands and flocking to the American
island of Tutuila because they are better
treated there. When will the Filipino know
when he is well off?
The Ohio producers have formed a maple
sugar combine. But you will see the hogs
heads labeled "New Orleans" in its factories
just as they are in the factories of the sepa
When Wu Ting-Pang looked at the depot
windows in Chicago his question was, ''Why
don't you wash the windows?" Chicago, like
China, has traditions that she does not want
to violate. *
If Morgan, Rockefeller and the Vanderbilts
should combine we would be in the fix in
which the canary found herself. In the
Some fears have been felt for the prune
crop and we may have to put up with
strawberries this year.
The baking powder bill has showed up in
the Indiana legislature. Solons getting hard
J. Pierpont Morgan gave a paltry $100 000
to the New York Y. M. C. A. Such sums do
not count now.
It takes 21 cents to get into the Associa
tion of Hyenas.
The Order of Wolves is now under way It
is their "night to howl."
St. Petersburg students are hazing the
Winter just blew himself Tuesday We
foresee a tragic end for him.
The old geyser David B. Hill is now spout
ing every forty-eight hours.
The "best Russians," i. c.. the cream of
Tartar, are said to be opposed to war.
At the Metropolitan to-night Collamarini
will appear as Mignon. The comic opera
company will repeat "Wang" at the matinee
to-morrow and will present "The Fencing
Master" In the evening. The bill for the
closing performance of the engagement Sun
day night will be "Said Pasha."
That charming musical comedy, "Papa's
Wife," which played for over 200 nights in
New York at the Manhattan theater last sea
son and has been playing to extended en
gagements in all the large cities this season,
cornea to the Metropolitan for one week, com
mencing Monday evening. "Papa's Wife" is
a collaboration by Harry B. Smith and Regi
nald De Koveu, who are responsible for many
well known operas, including "Robin Hood."
Miss Held possesses a youthful charm and
radiant beauty. Her creation of Anna, is one
that not only requires versatility but brings
tast and delicacy in its delineation. As the
convent pupil on her bridal tour she has
proved herself a most artful and artistic
The change in the program of Wra. H.
West's Minstrel Jubilee at the Bijou last
evening drew out an audience of increased
size. Richard .T. Jose's singing of "With All
Her Faults I Love Her Still," was superb.
Manuel Romain rendered in his incomparable
style one of George K. Harris' latest efforts,
"Just for Old Time's Sake." John p!
Rodgers, the basso, sang "The Song of the
Sword" and "At the Bottom of the Deep Blue
Sea " To-nig-ht, to-morrcw afternoon and
night will offer the three concluding perform
"Lost in the Desert," Owen Davis 1 latest
melodramatic effort, will be the attraction
at the Bijou the coming week. The cast en
gaged is said to be a strong one and the
scenic equipment one of the largest and most
elaborate ever provided for a melodrama.
Several novel features call for special com
ment, among them a very remarkable acro
batic specialty by sixteen Toogooian Arabs, a
thrilling racing efTect by two full blooded
Arabian horses, an explosion in an under
ground prison, the bunting of a ship at sea,
a raft iv mid-oceaT, and a picturesque storm
on the desert.
No Great Lou.
Brooklyn Standard Union.
J. Edward Addlcks' ultimatum was "Ad
dicks or nobody." Well, it is nobody, and
Addicks is defeated. But even if Addicks had
been chosen by subterranean methods, it
would still have been nobody.
Not All 1 nselflmh.
An Atchison girl, who works herself to
death for the church, makes her mother pay
her 10 cents every time she washes the
Only a Feeble Imitation.
The Conkling-Platt "me too" alliance ap
pears to be repeating itself in the Platt-Depew
Rooseveltingr lor Home Consumption
Bob Fitzsimmons ha 9 purchased a moun
tain Hon. and will do bis own Roosevelting
right at home.
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JQURVAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
Harrying: the \.-\v*.
March 22.—News agencies and ticker com
panies which furnish financial n«ws and in
formation likely to affect trading jn securities
are mysteries to the general public. Their
modus operandl in obtaining information and
bo quickly disseminating it to the expectant
habitues of brokerage houses is frequently
wondered at. Probably one of the most re
markable pieces of work ever accomplished
by these news agencies occurred last week,
when the Increase in dividend on the common
stock of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
road was announced. In exactly thirty sec
onds from the time the board of directors
passed upon the increase In dividends the
announcement was known in every brokerage
house in the financial district. Reporters de
scending into Broad street from the eighth
floor of the building where the directors met,
arriving only one minute after the official
announcement, found their "news" to be U
"old story" in the banking and brokerage
offices. Each of the ticker companies sent
four men to the meeting. Three sets of bul
letins were prepared, one announcing a 3 per
cant semiannual dividend, another a 3H per
cent semiannual dividend, while the third
had it 2\ic semiannual and % per cent extra.
One reporter from each concern got a tele- ■
phone and held It constantly open, connect
ing with his office. Then the other three men
were so stationed that they could signal from
one another and tonvey the news instantly
from the door of the directors' room to the
man at the 'phone. As soon as the official
announcement came from the directors' room
handkerchiefs flashed along the line from
man to man, the reporter on the 'phone in
formed his office, and in the twinkling of an
rye the proper set of bulletins was flashed
over the ticker and telegraph wires.
Theater Prices Go Down.
At last metropolitan theater prices are
tumbling. Within the week two announce
ments of sweeping reduction in the prices of
admission to important houses have been
made. Oscar Hammerstein starts off the new
week with a 80-cent price for the best chairs
in the Victoria theater, while Mr. Litt has
made a price of $1.50 for the opening of
"The Price of Peace" at the Broadway thea
ter. Only a few of the choicest seats in the
house will be held at $1.50 at that. Most of
the orchestra seats, will be sold at the box
office for $1 and the rest of the seats in the
house at 50 cents each, save the first few
rows of the balcony, which will be held at
$1. Corresponding reductions will be made
in all other prices at both the Victoria and
the Broadway, and there is do telling where
the trend of lowering the scale will end To
a large extent this reduction of prices which
has long been agitated, ie due to May Irwin
A couple of years ago, when that weighty
comedienne returnad to the Bijou with her
company, she found that the house was sell
ing tickets at the rate of $2 for the best or
chestra seats. This was the price charged
for the attraction that preceded her Miss
Irwin came out flat-footed and announced
that a performance of her company was not
worth more than $1.50 a seat, and followed it
up by saying that there wasn't a play in toVn
that was worth over $1.50 a seat. She reduced
her own prices, and now, after time for con
sideration, other houses are following suit
Contractor McDonald, who is constructing
the rapid transit road, is having a very un
pleasant time with the municipal assembly.
This body has held up action on certain sec
tions of the route, to the great inconvenience
and delay of those in charge of the work.
This has been done contrary to law, which
provides that the location of sections of the
route shall be settled by the council within
four weeks after the submission of the plans.
There is a piece of road to be built at the
northern end of the line above Fort George
which must yet be passed on. Despairing of
getting proper action from the council Con
tractor McDonald has been obliged to threat
en mandamus proceedings and have the coun
cilmen declared in .ontempt. This is not
such a remarkable condition of affairs as it
might seem to be to a person unfamiliar with
the general pigheadedness of our municipal
lawmakers. They have had to be manda
mused by the courts in order to accomplish
anything of value which they have done
since they came into office.
Rushing the Work.
Every one connected with the rapid transit
work is greasy pleased with the progress that
has been made, and there seems no doubt but
that the contract for the work will be com
pleted in ample time so that trains may be
running by Christmas of 1903. Laborers are
engaged on 1W) different blocks in the city,
and the work already completed has amount
ed in cash to over $3,000,000, or about one
tenth of the entire undertaking. Warrants
for work done in the month of February
amounted to nearly $800,050, while with the
coming good weather the number of workmen
will be trebled.
Some Small Earthquakes.
Obstacles of the usual sort and number
are constantly cropping up to perplex those
in charge of constructing the- rapid transit
system. An objection of a rather serious
sort has been encountered, coming from many
citizens who say their houses are considera
bly shaken by the concussions from blasting
all along the line. Windows and crockery
have been shattered and nerves racked to
such an extent that the residents of Central
Park West and the cross streets in the vicin
ity of One-hundred-and-fourth street have
taken up the matter in earnest, charging
recklessne.B6 in blasting. Chief Engineer
Parsons of the road admits that the com
plaints are by no means without foundation;
yet he says he don't see how this can be
well helped, as in many instances ledges of
rock are encountered with extend so far in
various directions that when a charge of dy
namite is exploded the concussion passes
through the length and breadth of the strata
and shakes every house having its foundation
on these ledges. —N. n. A.
Hudson Maxim is pretty good authority,
and he says In the March Popular Science
that the batteries of pneumatic torpedo guns
at Sandy Hook and at San Francisco, which,
with a caliber of fifteen inches, can throw
a maximum charge of 500 pounds of nitro
gelatin a mile, are not of much account be
cause of the limited range, which would
prevent them from damaging battleships
i nless the latter ran in so close that a hit
could be scored. These guns are meant to
drop dynamite on a vessel's deck. Maxim
thinks the gun of the future will be the
large-bored cannon for throwing high ex
plosives at high velocity, propelled by
smokeless gunpowder. He is the inventor
of such gunpowder, by which higher veloci
ties with lower pressures are secured than
by any other means and our government has
adopted It. He has planned a torpedo gun
which would weigh no more and cost no
more than a twelve-inch seacoast rifle, but,
with a caliber twice as great and a cham
ber constructed to stand the pressure, can
throw a projectile carrying a ton of high
explosive at as great velocity as that im
parted to the usual 1,000-pound shell thrown
from the twelve-inch gun and which carries
only thirty-seven pounds of black rifle pow
der. A gun of this kind, recently tested,
showed a propelling velocity of more than
2,000 feet per second. Maximlte is the most
effective high explosive for use as a burst
ing charge for shells. The tests of these
shells showed that they explode into 7,000
or 8,000 thousand fragments and will pierce
twelve-inch armor. Maximlte does not ex
plode by ignition in any form. To detonate
It effectively it must be confined in a very
strong steel shell and set off with not less
than 100 grains of fulminate of mercury, re
inforced by not less than 1,000 grains of some
form of piorate, dry guncotton or similar
One That He Can't Replace.
Kansas City Star.
It might be well to call Mr. Carnegie's at
tention to the fact that the ancient library of
Peking was destroyed during the Boxer dis
turbance last summer.
Whenever there is a crisis in Chinese affairs
Li Hung Chang takes to his bed and threat
ens to die. Hitherto this coup d'etat has
never failed to work.
>o Chance for Ennui.
Mr. Gorman can be depended on to keep
the political situation in bis state from being
quiet and lonely when his ambition begins to
BAH CARR'S EDICT
BY C. M. STEVANS.
Copyright, 1901, by C. M. Stevans.
natt Can- was noted In Texas as a killer of
bad men. For that reason, he waa brought
north and made marshal of Caldwell, which
town had been running wild sluce the death
of George Platt.
The toughs smiled when they heard the
report that the Imported marshal used a
brush on his head and a whiak broom on his
coat. He did not weigh more than 120 pounds.
It was all so ridiculous that in sheer disgust
Big Jim. proprietor of the Red Light, pro
ceeded to get wild on the worst stuff he had.
In that state he undertook to show some
iiewiy arrived cowboys the sights of the
Carr had been around enough to know that
his first night was likely to be the most ex
citing one lv his term of office. It was
therefore no surprise when he heard Big
Jim's voice ordering the citizens off the side
walk, as they were interfering with the pro
The marshal followed the parade back to
the Red Light and showed his badge. At
this Eign of rival authority Big Jim began to
talk. His remarks sounded like a cyclone
and were Intended to have a cyclonic effect
on Batt Carr. The officer crossed the room
and looked the windmill over at close range.
" 'Pears to me," said the marshal, as soon
na Big Jim stopped for breath, "that the bolts
of this machine needs tightening up a bit.
It's ramshackle, 'aides, I think the slats are
ketcheu too much wind. Guess it's too rat
tletrap and needs takin' down."
Big Jim was mightily surprised at this un
civil talk. Such things had never been men
tioned before iv his presence. He roared like
a lassoed bull and reached out for Batt Carr's
collar, but his reach fell short. He just
clutched at the air as the butt of the mar
shal's gun landed between his eyes. The big
bartender went to sleep on the floor, and Carr
turned to view the crowd over the sights of
••Just as soon as I get to forty, countin'
mentally," said he, "these dogs will begin to
snap, and every snap means a dead fool."
The screen was jammed into the double
door during the first quarter of the count, and
most of the boys reached fresh air through
the windows before the end of the first half
of Can's mental figuring.
When Big Jim came to he found a large
placard pinned to his coat with his hunting
knife. It contained the words: "Notis this
windmill is tack down and not to be set up
only by offishal orders."
On the outside of the door was another
larger placard, with these words: "Notis this
farmicy is gone out if biznes. The opener or
openers of this or these doors without offishal
permishen will be sent to the court beyant
It took a month to restore Big Jim's coun
tenance to its normal condition, and his sys
tem received such a shock that he promised
to confine his talents to 'tending bar if the
marshal would onl> give him a show.
This was granted and all went well until
the B-X boys came in. They were Jim's
favorites, for they parted with their wages
more easily and rapidly than any other gang
that showed up in the town. It was Saturday
night when tne B-X boys came, and it was
Sunday school time in the town before they
knew it. In the progress of this festive oc
casion, they treated so often that Big Jim
became irresponsible and in this condition
started out to lead another parade.
Batt Carr met them at the corner and gave
them the flrat intimation that it was Sun
day school time. He told Big Jim that they
could deposit their armament on the side
walk and then wend their way like good
children to the church, where the Sunday
school superintendent would be glad to eluci
date a lesson on a suitable Scripture text.
Some of the boys demurred, and as a re
sult, one of them had to be taken out of the
parade and planted. The rest followed Jim
to Sunday school. The superintendent was
always looking for recruits from the high
ways and hedges, but this was almost too
much. However, he furnished a teacher and
appointed Batt Carr as assistant. It was
amazing to see the B-X boys trying to outdo
Jim in getting marks for answers to the
They thought the ordeal was over when
the parents, to the extent of the entire town,
came casually in after their children. But
Batt Carr said the preacher was a good man
and they ought to show their respect by
staying for the sermon, which was to fol
low, and they stayed.
Owing to the jam it took the good man an
unusual time to make his way from his car
riage to the pulpit. It was said that as high
as a quart of whisky was offered for mere
standing-room on the doorstep or on a box
at one of the windows, but there were no
takers. The crowd that could not get in was
Batt Carr gave the paraders a tip that after
the service 'here would be a "private cate
chise" down at the Red Light, and the man
that couldn't answer questions would be up
against a pile of trouble. They didn't take
their eyes off the preacher's face for an hour.
The "catechise" was held at the Red Light,
behind closed doors, with the hundred-foot
street pretty well blocked with persons anx
ious to eavesdrop on' the process. It is said
that the paraders showed great proficiency
and Big Jim won the honors.
Then Batt Carr opened the door, and,
standing on a beer keg, so he could be seen!
made a speech.
"Ladies and gentlemen," he began, "I say
ladies, for I see two, bless their souls, peekin'
through the outskirts. I hey to go ter church
Sunday mornin' and night. Can't get out of
it, fer my wife, she says, I must set an ex
ample, and I hey to set it. Now, I'm no
hypnotist, so how kin I take ker of the dis
orders onless 1 take 'em to church? So I lay
down this law, ef any cuss cuts up any di
does anywhere in this town to the disturb
ance of the gospel, I'll round up the whole
town and take em to church with me for
four Sundays after each and every one of
said didoes. Amen. Now git.' And the
A REMARKABLE EX-SLAVE
There is an interesting sketch of the life
of Sojourner Truth in the March New Eng
land Magazine. This distinguished negro
woman was born a slave in New York state,
her father being the child of a negro and
an Indian woman. She had no name but
Isabella, and "Sojourner Truth" was assumed
by her after she grew to maturity. Sojourner
became deeply religious and was an eloquent
rreacher or evangelist, but she never learned
to read. She was a strong anti-slavery ora
tor and was quick and witty In her sallies.
The leading abolitionists called upon her to
help them and Mrs. Stowe once said she nev
er knew anyone who had more of the silent
and subtle power which we call personal
presence than this woman. Sojourner, when
the civil war came, traveled all over the
north speaking for union and freedom. She
composed a battle song for the First Michi
gan regiment. Lincoln knew and honored
her and the National Freedmen's Relief as
sociation commissioned her to teach freed
women good household and personal habits at
Arlington Heights. When she was a nurse
In the Freedmen's hospital at Washington,
a law was passed giving colored people a
right to ride In all the street cars. The con
ductors at first ignored the law and would
riot stop for negroes. Sojourner was deter
mined to have a ride and held up her hand
to several cars, but they rolled on. A crowd
finally collected and blocked a car and So
journer got on. The conductor furiously' de
clared he would throw her out, but she told
him she knew the law and sat down and
rode as far as she wanted, leaving the car
with the exclamation, "Bless God! I have
! had a ride." For some time the conductors
j refused to stop and made Sojourner run after
the cars, but she and the negroes generally
held to their rights and finally won. Se-
Journer did a good work for friendless ne
gro children end adults, finding places for
them in the northern states. This remarka
ble unlettered philanthropist died at Battle
Creek, Mich., in 1883. She was over 100 years
Plenty. Saeh as It la.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
In contributing papers on the "Needs of
Democracy," Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Hill ap
pear to have arrived simultaneously at the
conclusion that democracy needs nothing that
It has at present.
V . An Error of Judgment. ■!■
New York Press.
We believe that Mr. Bryan has been guilty
of grossly misjudging the public to which his
Commoner appeals. :It would ; not show the
resentment he fears at "■*•■'nj[ a soap adver
tisement.- " ,
FEIDAY EVENING, MARCH 22. 1901.
MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES
(Copyright, 1901. by Victor P. L&wson.)
PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OP NATIONAL REPUTATION,
A CENTURY AGO.
V.—PITCHERS OF OUR. GREAT-
(By Alice Morae Earle, Author of "China
Collecting in America," "Home Life in Co
lonial Days, ' -'Costume in Colonial Times,"
One of the curious and incomprehensible
side issues in our history is the immediate
subservience made after the revolution by the
English of patriotism to commercialism. The
victories of the American colonies had hardly
taken place when English potters set to work
to supply the American market with pottery
and porcelain, decorated with designs relat
ing to the glories of Washington, Franklin,
Lafayette and other revolutionary heroes.
These potters had none of that patriotic pride
which weuld prevent them from celebrating
and perpetuating the virtues and victories of
their late enemies, or even hinder them from
printing inscriptions and verses insulting to
their native land and their fellow country
men; they were plainly mercenary; the Unit
ed States made a. vast and lucrative market.
The great American who was "first in war,
first in peace and first in the hearts of his
countrymen" was also first on the pitchers
of the English potters. There are over twen
ty designs relating to General Washington
now known, printed on Staffordshire and Liv
erpool wares. There are also thirty or forty
"LAXDING OP LAFAYETTE" PLATTER.
more designs in the form of medallions, stat
uettes and other costly forms of ceramic art,
oa which we will not now dwell. The Liver
pool pitchers and mugs, decorated with trans
fer prints in black, blue or red, bear the
earliest Washington designs.
The "Map Pitcher."
The oldest dated pitcher which I have seen
with a Washington design bears the date 1796,
and is known as the "Map Pitcher." It has a
medallion inclosing a very curious map of the
United States, showing thirteen states. On
this map Louisiana is called the "Country of
Mines," and stretches up to Lake Superior.
Washington and Franklin are gazing at this
map, while two fair dames—Liberty and His
tory—are gazing with equal intentness at the
heroes. In the sky a winged Fame, a favorite
emblem of the day, is blowing a trumpet and
nourishing her heels in close proximity to the
august head of Washington. This print is
seen on bowls and pitchers, and is sometimes
accompanied by a key giving the names of
the figures. The pitchers are always of what
Is known as the watermelon shape, once so
popular in Liverpool ware, now practically
A design which would appear to be earlier
In manufacture, but which has no definite
date, bears a portrait of Washington mounted
on horseback, with an inscription, "His Ex
cellency General George Washington, Marshal
of France and Commander-in-Chief of the
North American Continental Forces." Wash
ington, in a letter to the poet Lamont (who
had addressed him by the French title of
marechal), wrote in 1875: "I am not & mar-
11. i ••>■ - ■
shal of France nor do I hold any commission
or fill any office whatever under that govern
ment." Still, It its universally stated that
the French at Yorktown addressed Washing
ton as "Monsieur le Marechal."
Two Other Washington Pitchers.
Perhaps the two most popular Washington,
designs are what are now known as the
"Monument" design and the "Apotheosis"
design. Both commemorate the death of
Washington; one with conventional monu
ments, inscriptions, urns, weeping willows
and mourning figures; the other with Time
lifting Washington, robed in a shroud, from
his open tomb, while an an«el holds the
patriots hand and points upward to rays of
glory. This is from an old engraving ad
vertised in Philadelphia newspapers in 1801
and some times still seen in Philadelphia
homes; and hideous enough it is, and absurd
also. The various decorations owned by-
Washington, including the Order of the Cin
cinnati, hang conspicuously over the open
door of the tomb.
The long residence and great popularity
abroad of Benjamin Franklin account for the
many ceramic relics relating to him which
are now in existence. They are richer and
more varied even than those of Washington,
yet few appear on articles in daily use, such
as Staffordshire table services. The design
known as the "Tomb of Franklin" is com
mon enough; it is a rich, dark-blue print
of a pedestal inscribed "Franklin," sur
mounted by an urn bearing an illegible in
scription. By the side of the monument sits
the figure of a man reading, which is popu
iarly believed to be intended for Lafayette
This design is seen on dinner, tea and toilet
services. Occasionally the "fur cap por
trait" is found on Liverpool bowls and pitch
ers; and a set of dark-blue plates with illus
trations of Franklin's prowess is entitled
Dcaigna Relating to Lafayette.
I have never seen auy pieces of English
pottery bearing the name or portrait of La
fayette or any reference to him that could
be assigned to an earlier date than 1824, the
time of the marquis' triumphal visit to
America. There are ten or a do*en views
«Dd portraits of this date that are well known
to all china collectors. The great venen
tion felt for Lafayette's character, his uni
versal popularity, and the enthusiasm ov«r
hia visit, contributed to produce the great
l-.umbers of these commemorative pieces
which were brought to America, and also to
their safe preservation to this day. The two
superb views of La Grange, the home at
Lafayette, were manufactured by Eno'H
Wood of Burslem, and the fascinating "Land^,
\ >^H fi^wtflkr* > - At **£/^*y '»Im9m^v
TOMB OP FRANKLIN' TEAPOT.
ing of Lafayette at Castle Garden," mad* bjt
Clews, are among the best examples of th«
art of; the British potter of that day.
The portraits of Lafayette which are shown
on some of the other pieces' are very ugly
and mean. Indeed, he was not beautiful;
I have been told by persons who remember
him that he had a small head, staring, eyes,
a retreating forehead and a bad complexion
—redeemed, however, by a benignant expres
sion and smile. The inscriptions with his
portraits are usually: '"Welcome, Laf*yette.
the Nation's Guest and Our Country's Glory,"
or, "In Commemoration of the Visit of La
fayette to the United States of America in
1824," or, "Republics Are Not Always Un
Designs From the Erie Canal.
The Erie canal was opened during his visit,
and many of the plates printed to eommemor-
ate that opening bear medallion portraits of
Lafayette. Those Erie canal plates, of which
seven designs are known, are among the most
interesting of our historical plates. The
canal was, to quote from cne of these plates:
"A splendid monument of the enterprise and
resources of the state of New York. In
debted for Its early commencement and rapid
completion to the active energies, pre-eminent
talents and enlightened policy of De Wjtt
Clinton, late governor of the state." On
these various canal plates may be seen a view
of the capitol grounds at Albany, of the
canal at Buffalo, of the aqueduct bridge at
HOME OF LAFAYETTE PLATE.
Little Falls, of the canal at Albany; also vari
ous smaller views of , canal locks, portraits
of Governor Clinton, Jefferson and i Wash
Pitcher of the War 1812.
During the tour of Lafayette there was
given to him, on Sept. 8, 1824, a reception ttt
Troy, N. V., at which was used a very re
markable pitcher, now owned by Horace
Jones Richards of Troy, and known as the
•"Historical pitcher of the war of 1812." It
States"; another with a portrait of John Han
of Burslem, Staffordshire, by the order of
Horace Jones of Troy, N\ Y. It stands twenty
inches in height and is eighteen Inches in
diameter and holds eleven gallons. It is
decorated with a border of green and copper
luster, with portraits of Washington, Adams
and heroes of the war of 1812—Captain Jones
of the Macedonian, Major General Brown of
the Niagara campaign, Commodore Bain
bridge of the Constitution, Commodore De
catur. Commodore Perry and Captain Hull of
the Constitution. It has also prints of views
of Commodore McDonough's victory on Lake
Champlaln, Commodore Perry's victory on
Lake Erie, the Constitvtlon escaping from the
British fleet and (he engagement between the
Chespeake and the Shannon; also patriotia
PROSCRIBED PATRIOTS PITCHER.
emblems and the historic motto: "We hay«
met the enemy and they are ours." Thlß
pitcher is a monumental example of Ameri
can triumph—and British indifference to senti
Other Rare Old Pitcher*.
I have seen a pitcher with a portrait of
"John Adams, President cf the United
States"; another with ap ortrait of John Han
cock; one with Samuel Adams: one entitled
"Death of Montgomery," and one "Death of
Warren." A design known as the "Proscribed
Patriots" is rare. It has portrait medallions
of Samuel Adams and John Hancock, and the
motto: "The Memory of Washington and the
Proscribed Patriots of America. Liberty.
Virtue, Peace. Justice and Equity to All
Mankind. Columbia's Son 3 Inspired by Free
dom's Flame. Live in the Annals of Im
mortal Fame." On the front of the pitcher
is the American eagle and shield, with the
inscription: "Peace, Commerce and Hontst
Friendship with All Nations. Entangling Al
liances with None. Jefferson, Anno Domini