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LUCIAN SWIFT, ■ j;s.Molaix :'
'MANAGER. •'."■' EDITOR. ■' .'
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COMPLIMENTED ON ALL SIDES
The Minneapolis Journal is being com
' plimented on all sides for the position it
took upon the gross earnings bill. It was
the only paper in the twin cities which
kept the public posted upon this important
measure. The Journal deserves thanks for
this and other things.
The Venezuelan Wrangle
. A 'New York dispatch, reports Minister
lioomis, our minister to Venezuela, " con
cerning ■whom so many contradictory
things have been written « and spoken, as
representing that the asphalt dispute has
Ibeen taken to the Venezulean courts where
it belongs;. that he and President Castro
are on good terms and that he was as
sured before leaving " Caracas that the
Venezuelan * government would make : the
fullest amends' for any indiscretion. .This
is.an altogether different story from that
which has been set afloat.
The whole trouble originated in the ob
trusion ; of some Syracuse, N. V., contrac
tors, Warner and Quinlan, upon the as
phalt property of the New York & Ber
inudez company, which has possessed the
asphalt lake for.fourteen years and has
spent $750,000 on the plant. The Syracuse
men bought the property they claim from
three Venezuelan speculators,; who staked
it out, although It is part of the northeast
extremity of the Bermudez company's lake
at Guanoco. The Venezuelan government
undertook to 'back the raid against the
New York & Bermudez company and oust
them from their property. Through the
efforts of - Minister Loomis the case has
been submitted to the supreme court of
Venezuela for adjudication. This is the
situation. The Syracuse men believe they
ihave a just claim and say they are per
fectly willing to abide by the decision of
the Venezuelan court., The anti-adminis
tration papers have charged our govern
ment with giving direct support to an
asphalt monopoly and have charged Min
ister X.oomis with all kinds, of crimes, but
t&ese. antis are particularly hard up for
material just now. The administration
has "undoubtedly* been doing its duty try
• lag to protect American citizens from per-
eonal injury and loss of property in a for
eign country. These gentlemen will proba
bly admit, if they reflect a moment, that
it is the province of our government to
interfere under such conditions. Vene
zuelan officials went so far as to try and
extort money from one of. our consular
officers and Minister Looiuis was vilified
for interfering and demanding reparation.
Tuesday's treasury reports showed that
the government's gold holdings aggregate
1500,278,506, of which $252,078,958 is held
against certificates . and $150,000,000 is
the reserve required by law, the balance
coming under the head of "free assets."
This is the largest amount of gold held
3>y any government in the world and it
was exceeded only once when Russia, in
1898, had $590,300,000 which she had ac
cumulated in the Imperial bank for the
purpose of getting her currency on the
gold basis. The treasury gold holdings
have increased $76,439,000 during the
past twelve months.
This is a remarkable showing and the
record is not likely to be disturbed
greatly unless the balance of trade turns
against us heavily and we become again
a debtor nation. Of such a change there
Is no immediate prospect, as the export
demand for our wheat and corn and cotton
and manufactured products keep up in
a gratifying manner, while the recent
gold exports due to accommodations for
Europe were checked by the first rise
of money rates in New York. This coun
try has been righting itself financially
ever since the sound business sense of
the majority demanded end secured the
repeal by congress of the silver pur
chase clause of the Sherman law for the
purpose of checking the wild career of the
nation toward the single silver standard
and disgrace. The financial legislation
of March 14, 1900, which placed upon the
statute books the fact that this country is
distinctly on the gold 6tandard, was the
outcome of the growing conviction that
this great nation had wasted too much
precious time experimenting with silver
and doubtful grists of paper and that the
real commercial and financial needs of
the community demand the firet atten
tion. Tie next congress will probably
further increase the soundness of our
financial system by such monetary reform
as is embodied in the Liovering bill,
which was considered in committee *at the
last session of congress.
The exhibit of the treasury gold hold
ings suggests the other question of the
aggregate gold holdings throughout the
United States, which the mint authorities
have been investigating. The mint di
rector, Mr. Roberts, who last year
thought that the official estimate of gold
coin outside the amount in the treasury
and the banks wag from $50,000,000 to
$60,000,000 too large, has modified his
views and thinks that the overestimate is
not serious, while Assistant Treasurer
Muhleman believes that the overestimate
is from $100,000,000 to $150,000,000. It is
shown by Mr. Conant, an experienced
statistician, that during the past twenty
eight years $148,000,000 in foreign gold
has filtered into this country and has es
caped the customs records, and, as such
process continues, it is evident that there
hae been no such overestimate of the gold
stock as Mr. Muhleman suggests. On
April 1 the estimated gold stock of the
country was $1,124,157,697, or about 50 per
cent of all the money in circulation. Of
this stock the United States treasury and
national banks held $700,000,000, leaving
the gold stocks of state and private banks
uncounted. It would appear from this
that the April 1 estimate of the country's
gold stock cannot be overestimated to
any great extent. Besides the unknown
amount in banks other than national, and
in the hands of the 1 people, there is al
ways a large amount of gold which 6hould
be considered in any estimate.
A Pan-American Congress
The meeting of the Pan-American con
gress will be held in the City of Mexico
in October. The Mexican government has
been making preparations for the con
gress for some time, and nearly all the
Spanish-American republics have sent
notifications that they will have repre
sentatives there, ©ur government has
aided in the promotion of the congress,
and is naturally interested in the culti
vation of harmonious relations between
all the republics of the western hemi
While the Pan-American congress, held
in Washington some years ago, did not
bring about all the results contemplated
and desired, yet it was contributory to a
better understanding all around. It is
true the Spanish-American republics, or
several of them, did not behave very well
toward us during the war with Spain, as
they were distinctly partizans of the de
caying power which once oppressed them
sorely and drove them to revolt and sepa
ration, and desired to see Spain triumph.
This feeling was manifest, also, last year,
when many Spanish-American republics
sent delegates to the Hispano-American
congress at Madrid, which was designed
by Spain to be the means of uniting with
her In a commercial bund, for her profit,
The interests of these republics, how
ever, lie in close commercial relations
with the United States, and, if the coming
congress would result in the construc
tion of a commercial federation includ
ing the United States, Mexico and all
the Spanish-American republics, it would
be a consummation of the first impor
tance. Such a commercial federation was
talked of in 1865 and again about twenty
years ago, and in October the subject
will be revived.
The subjects of .discussion at the com
ing congress will be the establishment of
an international bank, uniform extradi
tion laws and the simplification of the
customs practices of the various coun
tries, and the establishment of a general
system of arbitration in international dis
putes. The latter topic will doubtless
receive the discussion It deserves. The
adoption of the principle of arbitration '
would work the most beneficial results
for the Spanish-American republics,
which waste their energies in internecine
conflicts. It would insure for them peace
and uninterrupted constitutional governi
ment Our own commercial interests de
mand that our government lend its in
fluence to the promotion of such com
mercial federation as has been proposed.
We should command the trade of Spanish-
America, but Europe has the lion's share
of it, Germany being especially active
and successful in securing It. Our manu
facturers and merchants should be deeply
interested in the Pan-American congress
with its possibilities for the promotion
of our trade.
The The Hon. Chas. A. Towne
Wearing' ** President of a new Du
° lutn mining company with a
Out Process suggestive name and $1,000,
--000 capital. The name of
the corporation is the Minnesota Abrasive
company, and its "lay" is to mine and manu
facture corundum or emery from stone on
the Knife river. This material is guaranteed
to wear out and polish off the hardest propo
sition that can be presented. Mr. Towne
knows something about the polishing process.
Ever since he took up the silver issue he has
himself been ground down and abraded by
fate and the^ voters, and he purposes now to
•do a litlte abrading himself. The Uttle
Falls, Minn., Transcript says:
It is proposed to make a test of the emery
on Adam Bede, an object that Towne's efforts
nave heretofore produced no effect on. If it
detaches any particles it is a success.
If J. Adam is such a hard proposition, it
ini«ht be well to try the corundum on some
thing easier for a starter and gradually work
up to Mr. Bede. Suppose Mr. Towne tries to
wear away the prejudice of the voters in his
district against the silver issue. If he can
abrade that with his corundum, it will cut
A writer in the Pittsburg Dispatch says that
Tom Johnson, now mayor of Cleveland and
running for the presidency, can talk around
a subject to the politician's taste This
Johnson believes in the gold standard be
cause he can't have something else That
something else is "scientific money " Only
Johnson knows what that is. He can so ex
plain it that the gold standard man will
claim him go vehemently as to pitch in and
whip his free silver friend for claiming that
Johnson's explanation means free coinage
The greenbacker will whip both for daring
to assert that Johnson's scientific money
means anything more ot less than an unlim
ited issue of paper money. That's the John
son way of talking on the "money question."
If this is true, Mayor Johnson is a great
diplomat and ought to have the presidency
or "something equally as good."
The Psychological Review has been study-
Ing the psychology of profanity. The Psy
chologist avers that- "as regards the subject
ive effects of profanity, the most striking Is
that of a pleasant feeling of relief from a
painful etress," Not if your wife overhears
The board of vital statistics of Connecticut
says that the Yankee element in the Btate is
fast disappearing. According to the figures,
if the present operating causes continue, the
American of English, Scotch and Welsh par
entage will first be snowed under, then Hie
American of German and Irish parentage will
disappear as an element of population, and
finally the Hungarians, Raiasiaa Jews and
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUBNAL.
Italians will inundate the state and, take pos
session of everything. > If they are the better
fellows l they certainly will. The law of ' the
survival ;of ; the fittest will .probably work as
surely in Connecticut as \ elsewhere. The real
Yankee, ; however, will be slow to , believe that •
he can be "run out" in that way.'N . •
•-■ r President r Joseph ' Smith •, of : the Reorganized !
Church of Latter Day, Saints 1 at Independence,
Mo., had a revelation the other day. j The tel
egraph does I not carry ' the > substance *of his
vision, but it is a safe guess that it does not'
interfere id, any way with the prophet* sal
ary. . '
■■"''■ " • ' ■
The United States treasury now has gold
on hand aggregating over half a billion dol
lars. It t will be remembered that the,.' Athe
nians defeated Arlstides; at the polls.because'
they were tired of hearing him called "Aristi
des the Just." We predict no third term for,
William I. the Prosperous.
Do f you know that sorrowful feeling when
you scrape the last solitary, piece of coal out
of the window ledge of the coal bin on April
18, with? the thermometer around 30 and the
coal baron's "no trust" sign out?
The health J department - says there- Is too
much sewage in the city water. .'■* Will the
health department kindly explain how it ex
pects us to dispose of the sewage -if we do
not use it to dilute the drinking water?^
Sir Alfred Milner admits that the situation
in South Africa has "retrograded" in the last
six months. Not so, however, expenses of
the. war. They are still very satisfactory—to'
the Boers. ',-■£
A Japanese doctor wants the rats all killed
off, on the jjround that they carry disease
germs. There are several local rat terriers
who wag joyous stub tails at the suggestion.
There is a discussion on in Brooklyn as to
•whether Methodism keeps young people from
matrimony. Methodism in the west always
fays a good, hearty 'Amen" to matrimony,
but adds, "Don't do it again."
Chancellor E. Benjamin Andrews saya that
the disintegration of England's colcraial em
pire ia at hand. E. Benj. has stepped on the
prophetic banana peel once or twice before.
Rev. J. M. Buckley protests against Jamaica
ginger as a beverage. So does every man
who isn't zinc-lined or past feeling.
Mr. Bryan's Commoner is said by his
friends to be a regular gold mine. It would
more properly be called a silver mine.
To-night, at the Metropolitan, Al G. Field's
Greater Minstrels will offer one of their
unique* and original programs. The enter
tainment will include a new spectacular
"first part," introducing a large vocal corps
and a host of comedians. In the olio will
be seen the great Pascatel In aerial postur
ing, the tribe of twelve Mamelukes, Keyes
and McDonald, grotesque athletes, and a
satire on the political events of the day.
Seats are selling at the Metropolitan for
the big vaudeville company which begins an
engagement of four nights and three mati
r.ees on Sunday evening. Delia Fox, who has
always been a strong favorite in Minneapo
lis, leads the list, and there are seven other
acts, said to be among the best in the vaude
Otis Skinner, supported. by a company of
exceptional ability, will be seen at the Met
ropolitan the last half of next week in his
new play, "Prince; Otto." The sale of seats
"will open Monday morning. BSJPg^' -'
No attraction of more novel character has
been seen here this season than the enter
tainment offered by : the Royal Lilliputians
at the Bijou this week. It is not a perform
ance of monstrocities,; but, an exhibition in
which little people of decided talent contrib
ute to present a performance of novelty and
merit. Some of the most laughable scenes
imaginable are evolved by. these little folks,
and they are assisted in their fun-making
by a couple of seven-foot giants. There is
also a large chorus of pretty girls.
At the Bijou next week, Al H. Wilson, the
celebrated German dialect comedian * and
golden-voiced singer,, will appear in his new
romantic comedy, "The Watch on the Rhine."
Mr. Wilson, aside from his musical talents,
is an actor of more than ordinary ability, and
in th% role of Metz Strobel, a young German
attache to the imperial legation at Wash
ington, he is said to be seen at his best. The
company is composed of players well and fa
vorably known, among them Mark Prince,;
Ame Warner, James McGrath, Eva Byron,
Alfred Hastings and Fanny Bloodgood.
OTHER PEOPLE'S OPINIONS
To, the Editor of The Journal.
Your paper has always '■ evinced a -willing
ness to give space to remarks relating to the
good government of our city. Will you kind
ly print the following reminder to the build
I The city of Minneapolis enjoys the luxury
of a salaried official called a "building in
spector." -It also has a very complete ordi
nance governing the construction,, repairs,
etc.,,. of buildings. I desire, therefore, to
call the attention of the aforesaid inspector
to the' following: .
Section 86 of : the Ordinance Approved May
sth, 1899—A1l stores, ■. storehouses, mills, fac
tories, tenements or apartment buildings'
hereafter erected in the city of Minneapolis,
which are more than - two stories in height,
shall be provided with one or more fireproof
stairways on the " outside walls thereof, :as
the inspector may determine, and it shall
be the duty of the architect or owner, mak
ing plans for above mentioned ; buildings, • to
provide suitable halls leading to such fire
escapes. . \ . . .
Section 87—All buildings, except such as
are used for private residences exclusively
In the city of Minneapolis, of three stories or
more In. height, shall be provided with one or
.more; metallic fire escapes. Provided, how
ever, that apartment and tenement houses
shall ; not be classed as private residences for
the requirements; of this section. :
The writer is not an agent for a flre
escape, nor has he any grievance either
against owners or the building inspector. But
there are so many violations of this ordi
nance, it would take a great space to men
tion alt of them even In one ward. It
should not be necessary for someone to watch
this or any other department of city gov
ernment. I feel sure that every taxpayer
will agree that this is a good ordinance and
if the present incumbent cannot enforce it
there are many m«n who can.
—B. A. O.
To the Editor of The Journal:
J. C. Hayaes, in an interview printed to
day In The Journal, is quoted as
•aying that the method of taxing railways in
the same manner as other property is taxed
ia a djseredited system. Where does
Mr. Haynes find it "discredited"? Certainly
not in lowa and other states where it is in
use. I would like to have him, or any other
man, give one single reason why railways
should not be assessed and taxed precisely as
other property and in the localities where the
property lies, except that which is movable,
and which should be taxed where the com
pany owning it has its general offices or
headquarters in each state where it does
If the tax commission does its duty it will
recommend ■ the repeal of , the , gross earnings
tax.; law , and = the \ substitution :of the , other
plan. ■ That is just what the , railroads do not
want, and the fear that it ■ may, be don© -will
keep them from going into court to resist the
recent advance in the rate. >' —W.
, Minneapolis,' April 11.
--'■'■'-'~~ ''•"•'' '■ • • • ■ <
Where the Fault la.
Atchison Globe. . ,
. These complaint* of .bad cooka: have you
observed that they all, como from elderly peo
ple? Children 'l are given; the] scraps. around
home, say:: nothing,'. and;' get ' fat. '4 The world
is all right; the cooks are ail right; it's your
stomach that is out of order... •„.
British Liberal Apprehension.
Sir William ': Vernon I Harcourt, Liberal: '".
■ The' result »of the > government's J policy ■ Is,
that swe i are now [ the best hated»country i in
the world, and, | burdened with the ; accumu
lated '.debt \ and: an • Increased taxation, we
may well l regard \ our ; national * finances * with
the gravest apprehension.
Minneapolis Journal's Current Topics Series.
Papers By Experts and Specialists of National Reputation.
THE ART OF
LIVING A HUNDRED YEARS.
IX—THE PACE THAT KILLS
By John W. Keller, -President of the Depart
ment of Charities and Correction, New
(Copyright, 1901. by Victor F. Lawson.)
There used to be an old and learned pro
fessor in Bellevue hospital, New York, who
waa sent to say that the two great causes
for the downfall of man were whisky and
women. This was the Bellevue point of view.
For, mind you. Bellevue is situated east of
First avenue and runs full to the river front.
Here close by the swirling waters of the
East river, are the pavilion for the insane,
the alcoholic ward and the morgue. Here
is the end of the pace that kills. Sometimes
It is the shrieking ma§iac in the pavilion for
the insane; sometimes'the frenzied drunkard
In the alcoholic ward, and sometimes the
bloated face and the swollen body of the
unknown dead floating with the tide. But
always the long and narrow compartment
under the vaulted dome of the morgue, the
city's great saft deposit of the dead.
Over in Fifth avenue they say it is wine
and women. But in First avenue it Is whisky
and women. Some of the victims have gone
both courses. They have had rheir wine
and women in Fifth avenue and their whisky
and women in First avenue. By no possibil
ity, however, did any man going the pace that
kills take the First avenue course and follow
it with the Fifth avenue course. The descent
from Delmonlco'a and the Waldorf-Asr.oria
to the Olive Tree inn and ihe municipal lodg
ing house for homeless men is always easy
and often quirk, but there is no ascent in
the pace that hills.
One Who Had Gone the Pace.
One day I went Into the alcoholic ward in
Bellevue hospital ar.d saw there a woman
whim I had known when men courted her
as an acknowledged belle in the highest so
ciety and whom the world had subsequently
accepted as an actress of talent on the metro
politan stagi. She was suffering from an
aggravated case of what First avenue calls
"the jimmies." From sparkling wine at
diplomatic dinners in the nation's capital to
late suppers in Broadway in New York city,
to habitual drunkenness, to consequent im
moral recklessness, to opium, to a place in
the alcoholic ward, a charge upon the city's
charity, were the successive evolutions of her
pace that killed.
There she lay, a shattered wreck; her
beauty gone, her keen intellectuality eclipsed
and all the charms that had brought men to
her feet vanished. Just the ugly hull of a
woman whose mind was besotted and whose
soul was dead. Every effort was made to help
her and she finally recovered sufficiently to
go out of the hospital. But It was only to
come back again drunker, if possible, more
depraved and more hopeless than ever. She
had gone the pace that kills. She had fallen
at the end borne down by the inevitable re
Copyright, 1901, by S. S. McClure Co.
"Daffy Down Dilly came up to town
In a yellow petticoat and a green gown."
"Peru, 111., Sept. 16, 1889.—Dear Sister:
Yours of last month received, and was glad
to hear such good news of your family. Your
boys must indeed be a gTeat comfort to you,
and 1 often feel that we are both greatly
blessed in our 30ns. How I should love io
see your rubber plant, now It has .grown as
high as you write.
"How is your silk quilt getting on? I en
close some pieces. Sister, I presume you
have heard me speak of Miss Juanita Pedros,
daughter to General P. of Mexico, who lived
in this city with her aunt, Mrs. R. N. Davis.
She Is a good frie-.id to all our boys. This
summer she has had a real pleasant young
lady she became acquainted with at the
convent visiting her from Centerville, 111.
The boys and some of their young friends
from Peru think some of asking the yomig
ladies up to town and visiting the Fat Stock
show and the exposition on Saturday Sept.
"I want the young folks to go up and make
you a call. But son seems to think best
not, in such numbers. They would be pleased
to see any of you, at the exposition, by the
fountain, right after dinner time.
"I hope yourself and family are all in good
health and that Tom's throat has not been
"Must close, as it is getting late. With
love to you all and regards to Brother Dan.
"—Julia R. Porter."
On a September moaning of falling leaves,
and warm, wide airs, Tom Porter read this
letter aloud to his mother, partly because
she could not find her glasses, partly be
cause he derived a pleasure, rich and en
tirely exclusive, from his aunts letters.
"Sept. 16!, Why. that's to-day, isn't it?"
said Mrs. Porter as Tom finished the letter
and handed It to her. "Well, you can go
down to meet them?"
"To-day i 8 certainly what. Aunt Julia
chooses to call Saturday, Sept 16," Tom re
"Well—l can't go," said Mrs. Porter, not
regarding his rtmark, "and I don't want your
father to know anything about it. He isn't
over-well, and if he knew, he'd be trapzeing
around the exposition building the whole
"Why don't you go, Tom?" asked his sister,
In this manner it came about that Tom
Porter, one Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock,
Daily New York Letter. j& j&
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
Record* Mot Broken.
April 18.—While yachting enthusiasts on
both sides of the Atlantic are figuring just
how much faster the new aspirants for inter
national yachting laurels will be than the
pleasure craft that have already made his
tory, it is surprising to learn that the up-to
date fin keel racing machine does- not sail
any faster than her prototype of half a cen
tury ago, judging, of course, from the stand
point of records as they exist. The cutter
Columbia is doubtless the fastest yacht in
the world at the present time; but at no
time during her short career of two sum
mers, either in the trial races during the
eagtern cruise of the New York yacht c*ub
or the subsequent races for the America's
cup, did she travel faster than ten knots an
hour. The Defender's best time was made,
during the second day of the New York Yacht
club's August cruise in 1895. Then the yacht
that afterwards defeated Lord Dunraven'a
Valkyrie 11. logged a trifle over fifteen knots.
But this wonderful speed was developed un
der the influence of half a gale that twisted
the rigging of the speedy yacht. From the
modern flyer, with her outfits of silken and
cotton sails, each one carved in scientific
manner by the master hand of an expert, to
the rule of thumb craft of nearly a century
ago, is a long jump into the dim astern.
There were no abstruse problems of lateral
resistance, wetted surface or square of cubic
area of flotation. No nice calculations were
made as to where the wind cushion forms on
the sails. In those days the sails were ordi
nary duck and cut without much care as to
set and hang. To-day the artistic aailmaker
would say contemptuously they appeared as
if a circular saw and hatchet were the prin
cipal tools used in their manufacture. Nev
ertheless, some of the noted craft that sailed
when the century was young sailed faster on
their beat points than any of the crack-a
jaeks of to-day.
The America Made 13 Knots.
It is a matter of history that the noted
Salem privateer America, built in 1803, and
in the zenith of her popularity in the war of
1812, traveled through the water at a greater
speed than has ever been shown by any one
of the cup defenders except the Defender.
Her log is still in existence and shows she
frequently made thirteen knots, carrying the
burden of a warship in guns, ammunition,
stores and crew. This enormous speed was
made on her bent point of sailing, with the
■wind over the quarter. Of course she could
Waiting? for the Inevitable Kenult.
There is always somebody on Fifth avenue
attracting the attention of the town by ex
ploits in fast living. There is money galore
and feasting and frolic and the high-headed
self-pride in the hallucination that the pace
can be gone without the killing. The well
trained habitues of Delmonico's, who always
keep the curb on, raise their eyebrows in
temporary interest. The motley crowd at the
Waldorf-Astoria stares as at another exhibit
of the circus. The painted frequenters of the
upper broadway restaurants chatter and
gossip over their midnight suppers about the
star. But Bellevue waits In silence. It
knows nothing of what is doing on Fifth ave
nue or Broadway. It hears nothing of the
feasts, the frolics or the follies. It cares
nothing for the wine or the women or the
song. It just waits, certain that in the end
it will get what 1b left after Fifth avenue
and all the intermediate steps between that
aristocratic thoroughfare and First avenue
have been'gone over by the victim of the
pace that kills. And there Is usually nothing
left but a dead body, or a dead mind in a
The pace that kills, however, does not al
ways begin on Fifth avenue. It sometimes
starts on the Bowery and never renches high
er uptown than Tw«nty-sixth street and the
East river. It sometimes starts on the far
t-ast side or the far west side, and the police
patrol wagon or the Bellevne ambulance
conies after Its victim before he or she has
ever reached the great backbone of the city.
Nor does the pace always 'begin with wine.
It sometimes starts with whisky, and there
is a tradition In Bellevue that First avenue
whisky is fur quicker and more deadly in its
action than Fifth avenu-j wine. But ■wherever
it may start, and with whatever it may start,
whisky and woman ar^pear somewhere In the
course. And whisky outlasts everything else
among the death-dealing agencies that pro
duce mental, moral and physical disintegra
A Pace Open to All Coiners.
The weaknesses of human nature are con
fined to no class of men. Wealth Is not nec
essary for the pace that kills and poverty is
no bar to it. Knowledge is not a preventive
and ignorance is only an acceleration. Health
sometimes prompts it and disease is often its
excuse. Gentle birth and careful training
only stimulate it in some instances, while,
common origin and coarse breeding are ac
cepted by it as a welcome variation. In the
parlance of the race track, it "plays no fa
vorites.'' The race is open to all comers,
and no question is raised as to pedigree, age
or previous performance. The nominator can
make his own regulations. He can go the
long course or the short course, over the flat
or the hurdles, as he chooses. The %nly con
dition imposed is that he shall keep at it, and
in the end the prize shall be his. For to
every one that goeth the pace that kills and
keeps at it there is a prize—the prize of
I shame, disgrace, dt-moralization, death.
There is no need of preaching about it. For
centuries good men have inveighed against it
from the pulpit and the rostrum. Learned
own Di 1
strolled near the fountain in the old exposi
tion building. ,
Around him stood the booths and showcase
exhibits of the dry goods stores and fur es
tablishments of the city; the fountain
splashed and bubbled in their midst, and an
orchestra near was. playing "Rally Round
the Flag, Boys."
Yearly visits and a long familiarity with
the puzzle chair booth, the wax ladies dressed
in fur, the whale skeleton on the second floor,
and all the motley, ugly, good natured cir
cumstances and furniture of the exposition
had given him a comfortable affection for it,
and he was now watching Its scene with
pleasure and amusement, when he observed
standing near the front row of chairs, the
lanky figures of Brother Bill's boys, and
beside them several smiling young gentle
men in white duck trousers and sailor hats,
evidently young business men and clerks of
A young girl, with short, dark hair and
a polo cap, he identified as Miss Juanita Pe
dros; and all seemed to be centered about
some unseen pivot, doubtless the pleasant
young lady visiting from the convent, who,
apparently frcm the attention bestowed upon
her, was some country town belle.
Tom approached modestly, was greeted by
his cousins and presented to Miss Juanita, to
the country belle, Miss Fanny Colton, who
was sitting behind her hostess, and to the
Fanny Colton was a small, round brown
girl. She wore rather dowdy clothes,- a white
muslin waist, sprinkled with college pins
from almost every college in the United
States,: a black silk skirt, a sailor hat with a
light blue ribbon, pushed far over her eyes,
and a jetted black lace cape. She had a very
nonchalent and easy air, as she sat with
ruminative, sparkling eyes in the exposi
tion building, mentioning courteously that
they were late -at the meeting* "But better
late than never," ghe suggested, casually.
"Never too late to mend," said one of the
Peruvians. He seemed to consider that the
presence of the word late made his remark
At this Fanny Colton bit her lip, shook
her head at Miss Juanita, and said: "Isn't he
An expression of satisfaction stole over
the young man's face at these words, and he
"Don't you believe her, Miss Pedros."
Fanny Colton remained sil&nt for a minute,
and then bit the end of her glove and said:
"We all know about you."
This repartee and badinage continued as
they started up and began rambling through
the building, looking at the exhibits, o-u their
not go to windward with the scientific pro
duction of to-day. From the privateer of
1812 to the present day, American shipbuild
ers have been deservedly proud of the speed
of their productions. The old clippers of the
forties or fifties, engaged in trade with China,
India, South America and the West Indies,
were examples of the finest of the shipbuild
er's art at that time. Their voyages were
not go-as-you-please affairs, but drives un
der mountains of canvas. One of those clip
pers, the Dreadnaught, once made the voy
age from New York to San Francisco in
eighty-one days—a speed that is marvelous
even now. The Flying Cloud made the trip
in eighty-three days and the North America
in eighty-six. These ships were driven in
fair weather or foul with canvas that fairly
smothered them, and which would be looked
on with horror by many deep-sea sailors of
to-day. They were faster than any of the
steamers of their day and faster than any
of the yachts of to-day. In 1850 the big sloop
Maria, then the fastest sloop in the world,
is said to have logged seventeen nautical
miles in an hour in smooth water and a
piping breeze. This is, as far as can be
ascertained, the best record ever made by a
yacht. The records show the Maria defeated
the schooner America before that craft sailed
for England in 1851 and captured the cup for
which the two nations are now striving.
That contest was in smooth water and a
stroug breeze, which were Ideal conditions for
the big sloop.
Some Other Records.
The America crossed the ocean in twenty
one days, but that grand old craft was not
hurried at all, and made the voyage under
easy canvas. The Sappho made the passage
from New York to Falmouth in twelve days
nine hours and thirty-six minutes In 1857,
while the Henrietta raced across In 1866 and
made the trip in a little less than fourteen
days, showing by h*r log an average of nine
and one-quarter knots an hour for the trip.
In a race between the Dauntless and Cam
bria, in 1870, won by the latter vessel, the
English yacht logged an average of five and
two-tenths knots an hour, sailing 2,917 miles.
The Dauntless sailed 2,963 miles and, al
though beaten by one hour and seventeen
minutes of elapsed time, averaged five and
three-tenth* knots an hour. Of the later
yachts to cross the ocean, the Navahoe made
the passage In nineteen days, the Vigilant in
eixteen and the Shamrock, two years ago,
In fifteen, although this cannot stand as a
record for the reason she was towed .part of
the way by Sir Thomas Lipton's big steam
yacht Eric,. The schooner Yampa, now the
THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 18, 1901.
scientists have written endless books against
it. Saintly women have uttered- their mo3t
devout prayers against it. And yet it goes on
and will go on. There ia a germ of degener
acy In mankind that develops under all condi
tions, and for which no remedy has ever been
found or can be found. Its development is
sometimes slow and sometimes fast. But un
less a check is put on it in its early stages
the end is always the same—the madhouse or
Gathering; the Ghaatly Harvest.
The department of public charities of the
city of Nefc- York is the dumping ground of
the refuse humanity of the second greatest
city in the world. Here are deposited those
creatures whom no other agency will care for.
The sick, the pauper, the inebriate, the idiot,
the epileptic, the paralytic, the insane. Hun
dreds of these come every day. The gate of
the public charities is always open,, and no
one is refused. Each day, too, Is, gathered
the city's dead. From the rivers, from se
cluded corners of the parks, from little rooms
in obscure hotels and from meager apart
ments of poor tenements are gathered day
after day those to whom life was not worth
living or whose end caane in such poverty
that their only chance of interment was the
In is gruesome fruit, and, lying there one
above the other in the compartments of the
morgue, each corpse is the dumb witness of
some life tragedy, some driving on to death
from which in the end there was no escape.
If one were to take from this granary of the
dead individual cases and trace them through
all the steps that brought them to the morgue,
one would find that directly or indirectly the
end was due to the pace that kills. The same
is true of New York city's 10,000 insane people
and its counties* feeble-minded idiots and
epileptics. Somewhere at' some time some
body has gone the pace that' kills, and not
only has plunged himself into destruction, but
has carried others with him or has left seeds
of dissipation that have sprung up after him.
I never go through the morgue but that I
feel that above its door should be written:
: THE WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH. :'
I never visit the idiots, the feeble-minded,
the epileptic and the crippled children in my
department but that I am reminded that the
sins of the father shall be visited upon the
child. I never see decent old women come
weeping to the ahnshouse but that I am sure
there is a relentless fate that mixes up the
lives of men and makes the innocent suffer
with the guilty.
The Hope of Better Thing*.
But while the germ of degeneracy may not
be' eradicated, or even regulated, there is no
doubt in my mind that its effect can be min
imized, and that, through the active agencies
now at work, it i 3 being minimized. There
is always the fool to be parted from his
money, and there is always that impetuosity
of temperament that must be periodically ap
peased, whether it manifests Itself in drink
ly. By Edith Wyatt.
way to find a friend of Fanny Colton's, Mr.
Ziegler, in charge of the Deering Harvesting
company's exhibit. Tom, it is true, was not
sufficiently adaptable to be able to join in
the repartee and badinage with success, but
he laughed at all the jokes, and his behavior
seemed to be entirely satisfactory to Fanny
Colton and her train.
On his own side It is perhaps not too much
to say that Tom jubilantly joined Fanny Col
ton's following. Her pretty, brown coloring,
her shining glance, her perfect social confi
dence, one he had never seen excelled, even
her gay, earelees clothes and her dowdy little
blue hat, cast upon Tom an allurement some
what akin to that felt by the devoted young
gentlemen of Peru and CenterviUe.
Fanny Cdlton was indeed admired almost
by every one under 30 years of age in Henne
pin county. She lived in Centreville with an
uncle and aunt in vacations, and was sup
ported here and educated at the convent of
St. Teresa by her brother, a good and pros
perous young man, who kept a large country
hotel in Centreville. At the age of 16 she
had already received four offers of marriage.
All her.conversation with her friends at the
convent and with Juanlta Pedros was either
a description of their scene, or else of that of
constant abortive episodes.
"Nita," she would say, "do you remember
when Fred Hubbard came in last night while
Harry Parker was here?"
"Well," Fanny would continue with an
occasional shining glance and pulling at her
glove, "I knew those two had to be kept
apart. So I walked over to the window,
knowing Fred Parker would come too; and
do you know, as soon as we sat down, he
" 'Now, see here, Mies Fanny, I want to
know for certain about what we were talking
about. Will you marry me?"
"I said: 'I haven't the faintest recollection
of any such conversation. But I have an
swered that question once and for all."
"He said: 'Well, I don't understand your
reasons. Just tell me one thing. Is it Harry
"I said: 'No, it Isn't Harry Parker, and
never will be.'
"Then he said: '1b it because your brother
doesn't like It?' *
"I said: 'Do you think I would mention a
confidence to any one? I don't care to ex
plain my reasons just now, but some day you
will thank me for deciding like this.'
"He said: 'Well, it isn't my notion of a
favor." You know he's awfully satirical and
bitter lately. I hope no one will notice it"
When Fanny Colton was not taking part in
such scenes in reality, she was taking part
! property of the German emperor, made i the
voyage in a trifle more than thirteen days.
None of these vessels, however, have . ever
logged anything like the seventeen ; knots
credited to the old Maria in 1850, and the
problem is a puzzling . one.' Although the
maker of > up-to-date sailing craft will claim
everything in the ; shape of improvements and
advantages over the craft of fifty years ago,
he - cannot show ' where the : yachts - of to-day
are covering the ' same distance of water: in
less time, and that is the test. -;>•.. -.'
Man Without a Tongue. : \
A new use has just been made of the phon
ograph, for by it William H. Crampton,
known as the; preaching policeman, will be
able to continue as; a lecturer, and. thus gain
his livelihood, although deprived of - his '■
tongue:; Mr. .Crampton has " been suffering
from a < cancer for several months, and It
finally became necessary to 1 remove - his
tongue, this being done last« Friday, as ,it
was the only , way the patient's life could be
saved. .: For. several days before the opera
tion was performed, Mr. Crampton spent his
time before a ; phonograph, registering I each
one cf his lectures on the cylinders. It is hi*
purpose,' as ■ soon as he has recovered^from 1
the operation, '; to continue his work an a lec
turer ; with the' aid of the phonograph and .of
his eon, Sherwood Crampton. The register
ing of - the lectures was a moat painful piece
of work for the afllicted man,; for ,every', word
caused him pain. i But he stuck steadfastly
at , his ■ task and \ succeeded *in 'getting; an ex- i
cellent i set of records. S Now, although his
/speech.; is gone forever, he 1 may still make a
success as a tongueless lecturer. ■.
"The Morgan Giant."
English interest in the billion dollar steel
trust Is made decidedly apparent by the ar
rival of two representatives of an English
firm to study the situation in the United
States and seek English profit therefrom.
The world's markets remain unchanged be
cause of the organization of the Morgan
giant, but it is evident the Englishmen an
ticipate a change and are fortifying them
selves for it. The Englishmen here now are
.Arthur Keen, chairman of Guest, Keen & Co.,
limited, and E. Windsor Richards, one of the
directors of the same company, which has
extensive works for the manufacture of iron
and steel at DowLais, Cardiff and Newport,
South Wales, and Birmingham, England!
Both Messrs. Keen and Richards are at the
Holland house, and frankly admit their visit
was induced by the formation of the steel
trust and a desire to understand clearly its
bearing on the »teel trade on bota aides of
or gambling or any other form of dissipa
tion. But statistics Will -show, I believe,
that urban peoples are better to.-day than at
any other period in the world's history. The
pace that kills is a vice that comes with
civilization and its accumulation of wealth
and its prevalence of poverty; for, as the
fortunes of a few men increase, the fortunes
ot many men decrease, and the fool without
money goes the pace as disastrously to him
self as the fool with money. Some men go
it because they are rich and some because
they are poor; some beeauee they are well
and some because they are sick; some because
they are happy and some because they are
unhappy. Their attitude is much the same
as that of the man who drank in cold weather
to keep himself warm and in warm weather
to keep himself cool.
As 1 aaid before, the germ of degeneracy
■works in all'kinds of people and under all
kinds of conditions. But with the advance of
civWizattoa -there has come a conviction on
The pare of students of municipal govern
ment that la municipal government attention
is given rather to effect than to cause. New
York city spends princely sums of money in
taking care of criminals and paupers. It
should pay more attention to the causes of
crime and poverty. It is better to remove
the cause of illness than to take care of a.
person suffering, from an illness as the effect
of that cause. It is better to prevent a man
from becoming a criminal than to lock him.
up after he has committed a crime.
To Improve Health and MtoraU.
Municipal government should not only re
move temptation as far as possible from tha
weak, but it should work for clean environ
ment of its. people. It should reform tha
dwellings of its poor. It should regulate its
tenements as well as its gambling-house*
and dens of vice. Not that the morals of tha
tenement are naturally worse than the mor
als of the mansion, but that, in an over
crowded tenement there are more dark places
in which crime and filth can find a foothold
than in the mansion. Give all the people
light and air and sunshine and their morals
will improve with their health. Crime hates
the light. With cleaner places to live in and
cleaner environment for the people, there
would be iess use for hospitals and prisons.'
The pace that kills would still continue, but
to" the wheels of the chariot of the fool that
goes it there would be chained fewer vic
tims, and there would also be fewer fools to
emulate his example.
The river must still give up its dead; the
inebriate and the madman must still come
to Bellevue; Fifth avenue wine and First
avenue whisky must still be drunk; and
woman, more sinned against than sinning,
must still have her part in it all. But if
cities went more to the root of things than to
the branch, to the cause of crime and pov
erty than to the effects, there would be less
of human suffering and less of temptation to
go the pace that kills.
in them in thoughts and day dreams; she was
always counting nine stars for nine nights,
wishing on spotted horses.
Tom strolled along contentedly with the
Peruvians, and even vred with them in pur
chasing parched corn and shelled pecans on
the way to the harvesting company's ex
Here they found Mr. Ziegler, a quiet, blond©
German boy, sitting in a cane chair reading
a newspaper, with the buezing teeth and the
blue steele of the harvesting company's ma
chinery glittering behind him. He turned
around to hand out an advertising card as the
country pleasure party approached him, and
when Miss Fanny emerged from their midst
and graciously extended a small, brown hand
to him, his Jaw positively dropped and he
nearly fell over his railing with surprise and
He was presented to Miss Fanny's friends,
and leaving a card, with "Out on business.
Will return soon," on his desk, he instantly
joined the rambling train, and enjoyed with
them, through the remainder of the afternoon,
the pleasures of the'exposition.
Miss Fanny: and Miss Juanita were pre
sented with puzzle chairs, which they rashly
took apart, and could not get together again.
Cousin Ezra and Tom clumsily carried the
pieces. Upstairs a man engraved Miss Fan
ny's and Miss Juanlta's nanies on little red
glasses inside wreaths of grapes. The young
ladies had their tintypes taken, seated on fa
rock of very hoary moss. - They were fitted
with shell bracelets; they lingered, fascinated,
almost mesmerised by a candy puller, dream
ily whopping a long rope of shimmering, yel
low molaases over an Iron hook, ap& the
whole afternoon was apparently a long haze
of accustomed delight to Miss Fanny, up to
the last moment, when they drank orange
cider at the south end of the building, and
started for the train.
Tom accompanied them, and remained until
the conductor shouted, "All aboard."
As he left the car he saw Miss Fanny, lean
ing her head back against the car seat, a lit
tle tired, apparently, from the long day, her
hat slanted further than ever over her mirth
ful eyea and drooping lashes. A aheaf of
roses bought by one of the Peruvians on the
way to the train was standing beside her in
a large pink bush of soft colors and wafting
fragrance; her lap and the car seat were filled
with baskets of peaches and Delaware grapes,
with parched corn, and pecans, shell brace
lets, and other trophies of the day. Behind
her in the car aisle was a vague blur of Peru
vians, Brother Bills boys and Mr. Ziegler.
He had suddenly decided to go aa far as
Blue Island, and Tom saw him struggling to
raise Miss Fanny's window as the train
whizzed them out of sight. ■
enonWSilsaAnj jjaqj Sauna •orju«ttV
they expect to visit.Pittaburg, Pa. Binning-;
ham, Ala.; ..Cleveland, Chicago and other
steel and iron centers. Their visit is almost,
as : Important \ from; the . American standpoint
as' it is from the - side of the British steel
and" iron merchants.
Old Dueling; Pitiful*. ::
For several i months there was displayed In
a Park f Row pawnshop window, with a lot of
i other unredeemed pledges,. a pair or old per
cussion pistols in a rosewood box. The
, barrels were long and of a caliber that would
now be considered * large; and as these pis
tols ; were old-fashioned and too long' to be
conveniently carried In a ! pocket, the pawn- •
broker looked upon them as a dead loss.
Recently a stranger drifted into the shop and
offered a dollar for the pistols ■ and box, say
[ ing, he wanted the ; box for, another purpose.
He got 'them, and is the: proudipossessor cf'
duelling pistols; of handsome workmanship,
there being a plate on one side of the case
bearing three initials and stamped ''New ■ Or-,
leans." : The purchaser knew the value of his
acquisitions, and now the money-lender has
a standing offer of $15 for- another -set-like
them. This is . some' satisfaction, - although'
: his grief is ' great that he ■: did not know the ;
value .of ■ the set ;he sold so j cheaply. Duel- *
ing pistols have been pretty thoroughly gath- <
ered _in by collectors, the antique dealers '
buying a great many that were originally
sold as junk . after their first owners -were'
through with them. Therefore this find wa»;
a strange and valuable one. —■■. • :••> - ,
i?:■■■;■:• • —X. H. A. '
■ — —r— ..-■•:
. "War to Cease.
r.;- Thomas Hardy, in. the Critic. ' ,
Oh, yes, war is doomed. It is doomed
by the > gradual; growth of the Introspective
faculty in mankind— their power of putting
themselves in , another's - place, and taking a
point of ' view that; is not > their j own. " In an
other aspect, this may be called a growth of
a sense :of > humor. I Not • to-day; nor to-mor
row, but •in ; the '■ fulness of : time, war \ will
come ' to an end, not for moral reasons,: but
because of ita absurdity.
Confounda the ( alnmltyltea.
When the ellverite legislature of Colorado
passes a bill reducing the rate of interest
on state warrants from 6 to 4 per cent it is
evident that the members have discovered
that under the gold standard the price oi
money has fallen oil 331-3 per cent.