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SAVING FOB STATE
La Follette Would Reduce Forces
in Various Departments.
HE SHOWS HOW IT CAN BE DONE
Metiave to tbe Ken Who Can Do It
—LeirUlatare Take* Another
Special to The Journal.
Madison, Wis., April 19.—Governor La
Follette sent a message to the legislature
to-day recommending reductions in the
forces at the state capitol and state de
partments by which the governor says he
is convinced a biennial reduction of $36,000
can be made in state expenditures without
harm to any public interest or loes in the
Briefly the governor's recommendations
are the abolishment of the state board of
Immigration, $5,000 per year; requiring
that the regular force at the land office
shall attend to "land protection" for the
public lands, saving $4,000 annually; abol
ishment of the offices of state draughts
men and volunteer service clerk in tbe ad
jutant general's office, saving $1,200 a year
each, and cutting off from the department
of superintendent of public property the
storekeeper and foreman of the labor
force, and the reduction of janitors from
eighteen to twelve, saving $6,108 more an
nually. The governor asks that the legis
lature take action on these recommenda
tions before final adjournment.
Governor La 'FV>llette to-day reappointed
David A. Taylor of Stevens Point a mem
ber of the state board of pharmacy.
The Hatton bill providing for the estab
lishment of county schools of agriculture
and domestic economy, half the cost of
instruction to be paid by the state, passed
the senate without opposition to-day. The
Boltwedal sweatshop bUI was non-con
curred in, as also was the bill providing
punishment for the administration of
The bicycle sidepath bill, passed by the
assembly after a long struggle, was ad
vanced to third reading in the senate to
day without opposition. The bill author
izing counties to appropriate money for
good roads also went to third reading.
The resolution fixing the date for final ad
journment May 4, reconsidered last even
ing, was laid over to next Tuesday. Both
houses adjourned to Monday evening.
MILLS ORDERED CLOSED
1 Company Says "the Employe* Are
Trying to Make Trouble.
- Oswego. X. V.. April 19.— Fulton
7 mills of the American Woolen company
have been closed on telegraphic in
structions from headquarters in Andover,
Mass. Beween 1,300 and 1.500 men and
■women lose employment. The company
g»ve as a reason that the employes were
"trying to stir up trouble and were inter
fering with the business. This was vig
. orously denied by the workmen, who say
• the only trouble was with weavers, who
objected to instructing: apprentices, be
cause they lost time from their work and
received no pay for the time lost. •
\ MARATHON RACE WINNER
Caff re y of Hamilton, Ont., Wins the
- Boston, April 19.—John J. Caffrey of the
St. Patrick Athletic association. Hamil
ton, Ont., won the Marathon road race,
i twenty-five miles, from Ashland to Boston
• to-day, breaking the course record held
'■ by him. made in last year's race. Caffrey's
previous record was 2 hours, 39 minutes
and 44 seconds. Thirty-seven men
STEAMSHIP ON FIRE
Muimon Line Boat Olinda Is Burn-
Ins at Her Pier.
New York, April —The Munson line
-steamship Olinda. which arrived here
.- Wednesday from Cuban ports, is on fire at
: pier 14, East, river. The large quantity
( of water pumped into the hold 'has caused
" the vessel to sink at the stern, throwing
her bow almost out of the water. It may
''■'-. be necessary to scuttle the vessel. •;';
| -"BUY AND DON'T PAY"
Vancouver, 11. C, Grocers . Organize
for Protection Against Beat*. ; .
" Special to The Journal.
Vancouver, B. C.. April 19. —The grocers
I have formed an association to prevent
i fraud on themselves and to restrict credit.
I In the past they have lost enormously by
, bad debts, chiefly incurred by people liv
,■ ing in fashionable quarters and spending
, far beyond their means. The grocers' as
■. sociation has now "blacklisted" and ex
. tended to the trade the names of over 800
persons who "buy and don't pay." They
are consequently being refused any fur
-1 ther credit by the trade. As a result,
many have paid their arrears, while
; others will in the future need to deal for
;« cash or else leave the town. The grocers
', threaten to send round a debt collector,
" clad in some conspicuous uniform, to per
. sons who are habitual non-payers, but
this is probably only a threat. ~
YIIS CONSCIENCE WAS CLEAR.
"My friends," said the condemned, as
he stepped forward for a few last words
before the noose was adjusted, "I ain't
no speech-maker and I ain't got much
to say. I've stole hosses and drunk
whisky and played keerds and bin a tuff
nun, and if I'd lived a year longer 1 should
probably hey bin sent to congress. Thank
, the Lord that I've escaped sich a fate and
. kin iill look you in the face, and now,
Jim, you kin go on with the hangin' and
bfl rlurned to you."
TO PASS THE CROWD.
AH Cannot Be Brilliant K« Matte*
It probably comes to every thoughtful
person at times that there are plenty of
common, mediocre people, and that ii
one determines to/ he or she can press to
the front, pass the crowd, and win posi
tion, fame and gold. It is largely a mat
ter of determination and health. Many
a determined character with brilliant pos
sibilities, is held back by ill health. Some
find that bright, keen thoughts refuse to
come to their brains, and wonder why.
The kind of brain work that makes
successful Merchants, Lawyers, Doctors,
Authors, etc., etc., makes heavy draughts
on the filling of the minute nerve cells of
the body, said filling being composed of
a greyish sort of material which must be
replaced day by day, or the brain and
other parts of the body will not act prop
Coffee is a hidden but powerful enemy
•to one's progress in life. Its subtle, nar
cotic poison, weakens heart, interferes
•with digestion and has a definite and de
structive effect on the nervous system.
People who are content to load them
selves with impedimenta to progress, whe
refuse to supply body with food and
drink of the kind needed to make up foi
the daily disintegration of the nerves and
tissue, must stand aside in the race for
The ones who are properly fed, will
surely win the laurels.
Postum Food Coffee furnishes the glu
ten and phosphates of grain needed by
Nature to nourish brain and nerves -with
food. It does not narcotize and tear
down. It is frequently misjudged on first
trial, because of improper preparation but
It will be found to be a most delicious
beverage if, after boiling commences, it
be allowed to continue boiling for 15 min
utes. This is necessary to extract the
food value and flavor.
There are those who are entirely care
less as to what goes into the stomach, but
the one who would make ali his move
ments tend towards health and possible
greatness, cannot afford to risk adulter
ated food or drink or even coffee.
A Bank Catbier Who Let a Friend
•.'Have'*the Bank* Money. •
New. Orleans Times-Democrat. „
The way Note Teller Alvord covered up
his stealings from day to day reminded an
old railroad detective of a little story. "1
found out about this case t'other end to,"
he said; "getting, on to the wind-up llrst,
then the middle part and then the begin
ning; but I'll tell It to you In the order
that it happened. Back in 1885 or 1886,
when I was working for a St. Louis
agency, a very decent kind of a ■ man—
call him Mr. Clark for short—was cashier
of the principal bank In a good sized near
by town. Country cashiers get mighty
email pay, and although Clark had been
in service almost from boyhood and was
then middle-aged, with a big family on
his hands, he was drawing $1,800 a year.
Naturally he was very anxious to lay by
something lor & rainy day. One of the
customers of the bank at that time was
a Colonel Patterson, manager of the local
opera-house, president of two or three
land companies and an all-around hustler
and good fellow. Patterson had b«en in
town only a few years, but he was one
of those men who will drop into a small,
sleepy place and take the community by
storm. He was a big, jovial chap of the
silk hat and solitaire shirt stud type, aud
it was generally supposed that he had
oodles of money. Clark, who was a shy,
simple-minded man, admired him im
mensely and went out of his way to do
him small favors. In return the colonel
took him aside one day and offered to let
him in on a St. Louis gas stock deal that
promised to be a big thing. Clark mort
gaged his house, raised a few hundred,
gave his note for a few hundred more,
and went in. About two weeka later Pat
terson came to the bank in a tremendous
rush and asked for a statement of his
account. Like all speculators he some
times had a very large balance and some
times nearly nothing, and on that partic
ular occasion it was less than a thousand.
'The deuce!' he said, 'I'm going out of
town this evening, and I'll have a sight
draft coming to-morrow for $8,000 that
simply must be protected.' In five min
utes he convinced poor Clark that he
"would positively have the cash there the
following day, and, to make a long story
■short, the cashier paid the draft and made
a private ticket for the amount. Patter
son didn't return, and in a week his dis
appearance was the sensation of the town.
'•I will leave you to imagine Clark's feel-
Ings," the old detectve went on. "The
thing was so incredible that at first he
couldn't believe it; otherwise he would
probably have made a clean breast of the
draft affair at once. But he was confident
that the colonel would turn up and explain
evxerything.and so he concealed the short
age from day to day until it was past ex
plaining. Strange to say, nobody else had
suffered through Patterson's abrupt de
parture, but everything he had proved to
be involved up to the hilt, and he left
nothing behind worth taking. With that
it dawned upon Clark that he waa stuck
irrevocably for the $7,000 deficit on the
draft and then began a season of martyr
dom that must have been infinitely worse
than death. Had it not been for his fami
ly I am satisfied he would have taken a
short cut out of the dilemma by putting a
bullet through his brains, but he couldn't
stand the idea of leaving them to pauper-
Ism and disgrace, and, like many another
man in desperate straits, he started in
upon a systematic course of concealment,
hoping against hope that some miracle
would happen to enable him to make good
the shortage. He kept that up for over
five years. Exactly how he did it is qt
no special importance. It was a Bmall
bank, and he had complete run of its af
fairs, so the mere mechanism of making
false entries and carrying fictitious bal
ances over from day to day was compara
tively easy; but the frightful part of it
was the mental strain and the knowledge
that some slight slip might, at any mo
ment, lead to discovery. Of course he
made desperate efforts to save, and his
meanness became proverbial, but fate
seemed to be against him, and he was
never able to scrape together enough to
make an appreciable reduction in the
amount. Moreover, he was handicapped-
Ht the start by his investment in the gas
<?eal. which, of course, went to pieces when
Patterson levanted. But perhaps the
worst feature of the affair was the change
it made in his disposition. He was ori
ginally a kindly, even-tempered man, but
incessant worry and brooding soured his
whole nature, and, I think, estranged him
more or less in even his own household.
In brief, he was on the verge of mental
and physical collapse, when who should
walk into the bank one day but Colonel
Patterson himself, as cheery and chipper
as ever. When Clark saw him he nearly
fainted, but he managed to get him into
the private office. 'Where's that money?'
he demanded, without any preface.
'What money?' asked the colonel, in genu
ine amazement. 'Good God!' gasped poor
Clark; 'the money for that draft!' 'Why,
I left it for you in an envelope,' replied
the colonel; 'I gave it to old John the
night I went away.' Old John was the
porter. They called him in. He was
nearly 80, half childish, and honest as the
day is long. When they fired a volley
of frantic questions at him he instantly
became bewildered. 'That envelope! that
envelope!' he repeated, scratching his
head; 'it seems to me I remember some
thing about an envelope! Oh, yes!' he
exclaimed, brightening up. 'I believe I
slipped it under Mr. Clark's table cover
and forgot to mention it. I hope it wasn't
anything important. Clark's writing table
had an old baize cover that hadn't been
removedin a generation. He ripped it oft
with one wild snatch, and there lay a long,
dirty envelop?. It contained eight $1,000
bills. For live years of heart-breakingr
worry and deatraction they had been rest
ing literally under his hand. After the
first revulsion of feeling was over, the col
onel made a few side explanations. Be
tween ourselves he had skipped out to
avoid a threatened prosecution for bigamy,
but the woman had since died and every
thing was all right. He is now in Chicago
running a hotel. This is a true story. I
got it from Clark himself. lam not
ashmed to say that he is a distant rela
tive of mine."
THE MAIDU MUSICAL BOW.
Roland P. Dixon In Science.
Ifl view of the present discussion in re
gard to the existence of the musical bow
in America, and of its independent de
velopment on this continent, the occur
rence (quite rare at present, however, of
a form of this instrument among the Maidu
Indians of northern California appears
worthy of a brief note.
The bow as used by the Maidu is a sim
ple bow of cedar, some 2*4 feet In length
at present strung with wire, but formerly
with a fine sinew cord. In playing the in
strument it is held in the left hand (the
hand grasping the center of the bow,
thumb inside and palm facing forward),
the bow extending horizontally to the left.
The right hand end of the bow is placed in
the open mouth, and the bowstring tapped
rapidly with a small flexible twig held in
the right hand. By varying the size of
the- resonance chamber (the mouth) with
the aid of the tongue, and by opening or
closing the mouth to a greater or less
extent, notes are produced as in a Jews
harp. The tones are, however, very faint,
and are audible only at a short distance.
The use of this bow, known as "kawo
tone panda," Is restricted to the medicine
men or shamans, and other persons are
rarely allowed to see and never allowed to
touch the instrument. The sacredness of
this bow, the fact that it ia used by the
medicine men only in communicating with
and praying to the "kukini" or spirits, and
that its manufacture is accompanied by
ceremonial observances, including the rub
bing of the bow with human blood—all
seem to point to the bow as being of native
origin. The limited contact of these In
dians with the negro, and the place held
by the instrument in the religious life of
the people here, as well as elsewhere in
America, would seem to militate against
the view that the musical bow is on this
continent the re3ult of acculturation.
THE OLD LADY'S MEANING.
Johnny—Pa, Aunt Hannah says boil*
are healthy. Shouldn't she say "health
Wise Pa —Well, your aunt didn't mean
to be grammatical, but I guess she was
this time. It is the boil that is healthy,
not the fellow who carries it around.
To Prevent Pneumonia and Grip
Laxative Bromo-Qulnlne removes tht cause. I
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKNAL.
SUNKEN CROSSES IN MEXICO
Interesting Find* Sear th« Rained
I'nlncen of Mltla.
. ...... . - New- York Sun.: ■;'.:;. ■■/ ;.:•
Tourists lv Mexico are 'under obliga
tions to the American Museum, of Natural
History ; and to Professor Seville, . who is
In charge of the , anthropological', depart
ment, for having furnished a new attrac
tion. When he * was * prosecuting ■ his * re
searches at Mltla, in the state;of Oajaca,
Mexico, in March of the present year, he
heard of a cruciform subterranean' cham
ber which the Indians of Mltla supposed
to be a tomb of the ancient people. He
took counsel with Leopoldo Batres, -the
guardian of Mexican-•■ monuments, who
looks after Mexico's share of all discov
eries made by parties holding concessions
for archaeological investigations, - 1 and,
learned from him ' the exact location of
this chamber, which was ; between five and
six miles from the palaces of ■ Mitla on the
topmost plateau of a range of hills called
Guironi. This name is Maya, not Nahuatl,
for there is no "r" in the latter lan
Professor Seville, as.soon as he had fin
ished at Mitla went with 150 men to this
hill, whose shoulder or lower plateau was
about 1,200 feet above the level of. the
plain. Toward the left the hill ( rose in
another slope about 300: feet higher, and
upon the top of thl* he found the. sunken
cross. He instantly recognized the struc
ture described by the Frenchman, Captain
Dupaix', in his work, "Antiques Mexi
caines;" ; published In 1806, and remember
ed that Captain Dupaix ' had pronounced
it one of : the greatest ; monuments of an
cient ; Mexico. With characteristic energy
he determined to do what " Dupaix had
never thought of y doing, to make such
clearings as to give the public access, to It.
He improved the wagon road that leads
from the village of Mitla to a neighboring
village and passes along the base of the
hill. This. hill was covered with a heavy
growth of different - forms .: of - cactus,
Bhrubs, rank grass and many flowers. He
made a good walking or riding trail to
the top of the shoulder where there are a
number of terraced mounds curiously ar
ranged, and then carried the trail up the
second slope to the summit. . Then he
completely cleaned out the cross which
had been.- intentionally filled with earth
and cobblestones, and found that the whole
Interior of the stone work was covered
with the Mltla fret decoration.
This cross is twenty-eight feet in total
length of the decorated part, but the wes
tern limb has an undecorated extension
which was probably connected with a long,
sloped entrance. If the decorated part
alone is considered the cross is of the
Greek form, but if the undecorated ex
tension is judged to be an essential part,
then it is L»atin in form. The width of
the arms is five feet and the depth seveu
and a half feet. The walls are covered
with three tiers or courses of huge stones,
the two upper being three feet deep and
the lowest course a loot and a half. Each
course has its peculiar fret decoration,
based upon the zigzag which some schol
ars call the Greek fret and others the
Egyptian meander, but which was always
known to the Chinese, Japanese and Ko
reans in Asia. It seems to have been
equally well known to the inhabitants of
Mexico and all Central America. In Mifcla
what may be styled the official zigzag does
not appear, but there are a number of
variations based upon the redan forma
tion. This was a form of battlement
rather rare in Europe, which Cortez, how
ever, knew, and was astonished to find in
The three kinds of zigzag fret in the
sunken cross at Guironi are not in mo
saic, as at Mitla, but are carved in in
taglio in the stones! Professor Saville is
of the opinion that the incised part was
left the natural color of the stone, but
that the rest was covered with a fine coat
of white cement, over which was spread
an equally thin coat of red palm. The
flooring of the cross is of that fine, hard,
white cement which has excited so much
admiration in the palaces of Mitla. This
seems to be like the chunam flooring used
to-day in Hindostan, and is certainly ori
ental. It is found frequently in Mexico,
notably in the small but interesting ruins
of Tula, which ambitious American rail
road men have identified with the great
city of Quetzalcohuatl, without much rea
son for it except the really unimportant
fact of its two bridges.
Professor Saville found that the cross
occupied the northeastern end of a great
cement-paved plaza, upon which are va
rious mounds, one of thecn with five ter
races. From his plan of the ground it
would appear that the ancient people of
the sunken cross of Guironi possessed a
strong sense of the value of breadth to
produce striking effects. Yet in spite of
the dignity of th"c plaza of Guironi it could
only have been a side show to Mitla it
self, which must have been of vastly
Guironi is not the only sunken cross in
the neighborhood, for there is another at
a place called Xaaga, very near, upon
another hill. This is larger in all its di
mensions, with the exception of the wes
tern limb, which Is only half the width
of the others. Xaaga is difficult to see.
In the first place, it is private property.
A Mexican gentleman with an eye for the
picturesque determined to build his haci
enda or country seat upon a large mound,
bo that the green, grassy slope should be
in front of his door.
In sinking the foundations for the house
the workmen came upon the sepulchre, or
tomb, as they called it. The entrance
was found upon the western side, and
they tunneled a passage through the
western side of the mound. Xaaga is un
like Mitla and Guironi in this, that the
walls are composed of small slabs, each
one covered with a variation of the zig
zag fret. It is a singular fact, but the
cross of Xaaga presents an epitome of
every kind of fret used at Mitla. The lat
ter is in a peculiar moasic, cut in
trachyte, whereas the construction stones
are of sandstones. At Guironi the orna
mentation is cut in intaglio, but at Xaaga
it is cut in relief.
HEATED HER HAT
And This Young- Woman Thought
Her Brain Wa» on Fire.
Chicago News. ./. -.■■ ■
Most girls, as everyone knows, have a
dreadfully bad habit of putting things
where they shouldn't, be. This is "Why
Ariadne never under any consideration
will hang up her hat if there is. a radia
tor handy where she can deposit it. In
her own room her every day , hat always
adorns the top of a radiator which.- is
never turned on. She argues that the
hat Is always handy, and, moreover, is an
ornament to any room. However, her
friends think that now she is • effectually
cured and that her neglected hat boxes
will be dragged out of retirement. .Ari
adne meant to spend the afternoon with a
friend . the other day, and, ;as •' usual;
stealthily chucked her hat on a nearby
radiator. She put it on her head in about
three hours and started home. " It was
then she discovered she was threatened
with an attack of brain fever. Her head
was boiling before she . had gone two
blocks, sizzling" before she had gone three.
Her brain .ached and there were two
steady streaks of fire across - her skull.
It was awful to die :so young, with : three
dances in prospect, too, and she recalled
that flowers are dear this time of year.
But as she staggered on the steps she
suddenly stopped short and. her lugu
brious face cleared brilliantly—her hat
had been resting for three hours on : a
radiator going on at full blast. The steel
hatpins, of course, must have been almost
i redhot. V ■' .
She was so relieved to find the tempera
ture of her brain was. normal after ' all
that she told the story on herself. > ,
A QUESTION OF VALUE. .<, >;
- ■ London Sphere.
The editor of one of our leading daily
papers received a telegram on the day
of the queen's funeral from a very well
known novelist that ran as follows: "I
am prepared ■■ to write you 400 words de
scriptive of the queen's funeral for £200."
The. editor,- recalling the fact that: this
novelist was in the • habit of , obtaining
£50 per 1,000., words . for his stories, as
sumed the dropping of a nought by the
telegraph "i department and wired back:
"Will pay £200 for 4,000 words." He re
ceived ■ the reply:;; "Not - 4,000 but 400
words." Needless ;to say that ' the '• editor
did not assess the writer's literary value
at quite this high rate, and the negotia
tion ; fell ; through. t
THE BIRTHDAY BOOK
A Form of Literature Which Onglit
to Be Dlacouragred.
W. L. Alden's London Letter.
Miss Zoe Proctor has compiled a "Birth
day Book" from the writings of Mrs.
John Oliver Hobbes Craigie. This settles
Mrs. Craigie's position in the litreary
world. A writer must be undeniably pop
ular when it becomes worth while to serve
up his or her remarks in the shape of
birthday hash. Later on, the same au
thor, having grown in popularity, may
have the further gratification of wit
nessing the publication of a volume of his
or her "Choice Selected Works," After
that, ther is nothing more to be achieved,
except a tomb in the Abbey.
I wonder now an author really feels when
he sees his best things in the way of epi
gram, joke, or wisdom, published in the
shape of a birthday book. Some authors
miss the birthday book, and Instead un
dergo the humiliation of seeing their wit
and wisdom used to pad an almanac. No
one is ever pleased with the latter process,
though after all there is no sufficient
reason why a man should not be pleased
with a birthday book and not at all tick
led with an almanac. The birthday book
is not a particle more useful than an al
manac, and the person who receives it as
a birthday gift would in most cases be
glad to change It for an almanac. Still,
the one is considered to be far more hon
orable than the other. A John Oliver Hob
bes almanac, containing Mrs. Craigie'3
wit mixed up with astronomical data and
advertisements of patent medicines, would
not be regarded by her as a compliment,
while the chances are that she is very
well satisfied with her birthday book.
If we look at the matter seriously, does
not the birthday book seem like a rather
vulgar method of advertising? It is sup
posed to offer samples of the author's wit
and wisdom, and it is taken for granted
that, being pleased with the samples, the
reader of the birthday book will straight
way buy the author's other books. In point
of afct, that result probably seldom takes
place. The person to whom a birthday
book is given finds it about as interesting
as the average jest book, and his impulse
usually is to have nothing more to do with
the works of the author whom the birth
day book advertises. I* never yet taw a
birthday book that I could possibly read.
One might as well attempt to eat a dinner
of Jam. The birthday book proves that the
author is sufficiently popular to be worked
up into a birthday book, but it also proves
that the author has a sublime confidence
in the excellence of his or her epigrams
and brief paragraphs. It is a bastard sort
of literature which ought to be frowned
down. Of course that is only my opinion,
and as such is worth no more than any
other man's opinion, but of one thing I am
sure, and that is that every birthday book
ought to be sold with a large chromo
lithograph of the author and a bottle of
some one's hair restorer.
Has Its Drawbacks If You Don't Like
New York Tribune.
A novel luncheon, consisting entirely of
evaporated fruit and vegetables, was
served to a number of business men in the
lower part of this city yesterday. The
menu was made up of the following: Veg
etable soup, sweet potato patties, banana
fritters, banana bread, rice banana pud
ding, banana pudding, pumpkin pie, sweet
potato pie, banana sugar cookies, cocoanut
custard, cocoanut cake, banana fruit cake,
banana crackers, banana cracker wafers,
banana fruit biscuit, banana mush and
milk, banana confectionery and banana
The coup was made of okra, carrot, par
snips, onions and parsley, which in the
process of desiccation had lost not a
whit of their flavor nor color. In the
patties, the only departure from the usual
method of making was in the use of sweet
potato flour instead of wheat flour. In
the banana flour it is claimed that there is
29 per cent more nutriment than in the
ordinary wheat flour. The bananas and
sweet potatoes appeared cut in halvei
and also in the form of flour. In the for
mer condition th-fey were used for the ba
nana fritters, having been soaked in water
before dipping in batter. The flour was
used for the bread, which was about the
shade of the Boston brown variety. In the
rive banana pudding, the fruit cake, fruit
biscuit and confectionery, the dried whole
banana took the place of raisins, currants
and the usual fruits, giving much the same
The pumpkin and sweet potato pies were
not to be told from the ordinary ones
made from fresh vegetables. For these,
the whole fruit was soaked, cooked,
pressed through a sieve and incorporated
in custard as in the usual method. For
the banana pudding, cookies, crackers, etc.,
the flour was employed. The coffee was
made from the dried, roasted and ground
WHENCE PERFUMES COME
France, Not Persia, la the Chief
Source of the Choicest Scent*.
Many persons suppose that perfumes
of the finest sort are all made in Persia.
As a matter of fact, this is erroneous.
For two centuries the inhabitants of the
Valley of the Var, in southeastern France,
have been engaged in the making of ex
quisite perfumes from flowers. Many
curious facts concerning the secrets of the
plant world have been learned by them,
and the knowledge has been well utilized.
For example, the inhabitants of the lit
tle French valley have proved by many
experiments!, covering a period of 200
years, that the seven plants whose flow
ers contain or will produce -by combina
tion the perfume of all the others are the
orange, rose, violet, jasmine, acacia, jon
quil and tuberose. Therefore, these are
the only ones they grow; they depend
upon the process of mixing for the other
odors of commerce.
Among one of the first secrets which
these old perfume-makers learned was
that the scent of the flower is not con
tained in any gland or little sac, but
rather that it is exhaled by the flower
somewhat in the fashion of breathing,
and that if the blossom be crushed the
scent is destroyed.
Another thing they found out early in
their work was the fact that fresh grease
will absorb this breath of the flowers most
readily, and that in turn will yield up
its treasure to alchol. Using these facts,
the people of Var have so built up their
industry that to-day they supply a good
portion of the world's market with flower
There are two ways of. obtaining the
scent from these flowers. By far the
more common Is the method of "enfleur
age." Large pieces of glass, each framed
in a wooden case, are prepared, and over
the Eurface is spread a layer o-f clean,
fresh grease, on which are piled the flow
ers. Each kind of flower, of course, is
The perfume is quickly absorbed in the
fat, and as soon as the blossoms wither
fresh ones are placed in the frame In
their stead. And so the process is con
tinued during the whole season of blos
soming, after which the grease is scraped
off the glass and is put in alcohol, hav
ing previously been chopped fine. In this
way every particle may be reached by
the spirit, and none of the precious per
"Maceration" is the name given to the
other process of extraction. It is used
where the method of "enfleurage" is not
satisfactory in getting the whole of the
odor, and is similar. The flowers are in
fused in a bath of warm oil for many
hours, and are then strained away and
fresh ones added, the process being kept
up as long as the blooms can be pro
It is said that the best essence is ob
tained from the jasmine and tuberose by
the enfleurage, but the orange, acacia and
rose are found to give more satisfactory
results by the method of maceration. To
get the best odor from the violet and
jonquil a joint process is used—flrst en
fleurage and then maceration.
NOT HER WAY.
"I suppose that woman orator spoke her
mind freely on the subject?"
"Not much. She demanded half of her $56
in advance before sac went on the platform."
SPRING SHIRT WAISTS
Many Varlllci., but the Moit Styllnh
One* Are Plain.
Shirt waists are so varied in style this
season that it seems impossible to do jus
tice to all the different designs, especially
those for ordinary everyday wear. There
are numbers of smart waists made in se
vere style, some with box plaits—these
very few In number —others with side
plaits, others again with narrow tucks,
some with a yoke in the back, some with
only a little fullness at the shoulders and
blousing in front, with a bias side piece,
or, to speak more correctly, the front on
the bias, these last the most becoming of
all and made in either thin or thick mate
rials. The extraordinary range of prices
in the ready-made waists is also some
thing marvelous. There are fairly good
materials made up in well-shaped waists
that cost less than a dollar, while for
white lawn and cambric waists with tucks
and a little hemstitching $15 or $20 is
asked. This, of course, only for hand
work and at the few places where the
latest styles are shown. The white wash
waists are smarter than any other color,
in both and thick and thin materials.
Next to them in favor come the stripes;
polka dots, plaids and startling effects
generally are quite out of fashion. Tucked
and embroidered muslin waists are the
next smartest, it might be said, and the
very fine lawn on which is seen such
beautiful hand work. These are made in
variably with the blouse effect in front
and with a little fullness in the center of
the back, that fullness drawn down, of
course, under the belt. Very few of the
waists have a yoke at the back, but the
more elaborate ones have all a yoke in
front, a narrow tucked yoke of the same
material as the waist or of lace. Valen
ciennes lace, real or imitation, is con
sidered the most fashionable to use. In
silk waists the smartest are those made
of liberty silk, with lace yokes in round
effect and below the lace yoke the waist
in narrow tucks blousing Just in front
and with a tremendous curve in at the
sides. All the silk waists made on this
model are lined.
ALL WEST POINTERS
Gen. Charles King: Tells of Leading
Officers After the Civil War.
Saturday Evening Post.
The army register of 1867—the first pub
lished after the reorganization of that
day—is a field for study now. At the head
of the list, general-in-chief, is the name
of the great silent soldier who, in '61,
vainly tendered his sword to the war de
partment and sadly waited two long days
in McClellan's anteroom at Cincinnati,
begging an audience that was never ac
corded. Neither the wisdom of the adju
tant general's department, nor that of the
great organizer, saw anything worthy of
consideration in the appeal of a resigned
captain, despite his West Point diploma
and his fine fighting record in Mexico.
Illinois gave him the start, merit did the
rest, and in spite of everything Grant
forged to the front.
Second on the roll, lieutenant-general,
was Sherman, who, with influence to begin
with, in '61 had skill to send him on.
Then came Ihe major-generals—"Old
Brains" Halleck, Meade, the loyal head of
the army of the Potomac, Sheridan (whose
own state had no place for him among ita
volunteers and who got his start from
Michigan), Thomas, the rock of Chicka
niauga, and Hancock, the "superb"—all
West Pointer 3.
Soo, too, were the brigadiers, save only
Terry, the Connecticut soldier-lawyer,
who won fame at Fort Fisher, and his
Kentucky fellow-fighter, Rousseau
awarded the fag-end of the list when
Rosecrans resigned in the spring of '67.
Even the brigadiers had commanded inde
pendent armies, or at least corps d' armee
during the great war—Rousseau and the
veteran dragoon St. George Cooke alone
excepted. In the order of regular rank
there were McDowell, Cooke, Pope, Hook
er, Schofleld, Howard, Terry, Ord, Canby
So there you have the seventeen gener
als of the line as determined by the war,
beside which the recent flurry was but an
affair of outposts, aaid all but two—West
LED A CHASE BY A PIG
Porker Prove* Too Swift-Footed for
Three Big Policemen.
A runaway pig at Sixteenth street and
Columbia avenue alternately grunted with
Joy and misery yesterday as it tossed and
tumbled three policemen" and a patrol
crew who chased and wrestled with it an
hour before they captured it.
At times it was as funny for the pig as
it was painful for the policemen, who with
the patrol crew, came from the Twenty
third district. The porker weighed 200
pounds, but. he was as nimble as a grass
Policeman Kugler saw him first, coming
up Sixteenth street. He made a. dive for
the pig's ear, but missed and caught its
hind leg. He hung on like grim death
until his head bumped the curbstone
where he simultaneously saw stars and let
go. Policemen Rinehart and Swihart
entered the chase, and after Kugler had
wisely concluded to ring for the patrol he
The excitement had grown to such an
extent that staid housewives, business
men and servants left their work to Bee
the fun. Just when the three policemen
believed they had cornered the porker
against a high stoop it suddenly poked its
snout between the legs of Swihart, who
is somewhat short, and carried him piggy
back up the street. The excitement was
intensified when the patrol crew arrived
They tried to get the pig into a ring'
when it went for their legs and felled
them hke ninepins. The pig escaped from
a butcher at No. 3951 Columbia avenue.
How '•Battleaxe" Gleaion Fared at
the Indianapolis Convention.
New York Mail and Express.
"A good story about 'Battleaxe' Gleason
was dug up the other day," said the man
from Long Island City. "Ifg a story
which gives some clew to the ex-Mayor's
success as a political leader. It happened
in 1896 when he was out in Indianapolis
as a delegate to the national convention
which nominated Palmer and Buckner
The hotel accommodations in the Indiana
city were not the largest or the best, and
by the time the advance guard had got
rooms the town was filled to overflowing
When the mayor arrived everybody asked
him what he was going to do to get a
place to sleep.
" " 'Do! 1 he said 'What am I going to do?
Just watch me.' And they watched him',
with the result that he had the laugh on
the whole crowd of 'em. He simply went
to a hospital, hired a private room at 810
a week and slept there in the greatest
comfort lor two nights while the other
delegates tried to be comfortable in band
boxes for which they had paid at the rate
of from $10 to $20 a day. X o one can tell
me that 'Paddy' Gleason isn't a great man.
It s these little things that show it "
SAYS BROTHER DICKEY.
People orter use jedgment la makin' Easter
presents. Last April we sont one er de wo
men heathens, 'cross de water, a fine Easter
piste ' *he tOOk U fer a Boup
Dey is so much Easter finery in de church
in dese days dat 'pears ter me de problem be
fo' us now is—"Hats or Heaven?"
De word is dat you musfr consider de lilies
how dey grows; but hit don t say you is ter
spend ail yo' days considerin' 'em
Deys so much light in de world dat I hez
come ter de conclusion dat hit's a crime fer
auybody ter stumble.
HE MISSED NOTHING.
"Uncle Si," the fellows in the village
grocery asked him, after he had returned
from his visit to the big city, "where
did you stay while you were there?"
'I stopped at one of the taverns near
the stockyards," replied Uncle Si,
"Did you sea the Hull house?" Inquired
the sociologist of the group.
"The hull house:" he echoed, shifting
his quid to the left cheek, "I saw the hull
FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 19, 1901.
BEST LEGS IN THE WOLRD
American* Hare Them, That Is,
When They Are Artificial.
Kansas City Journal.
Americans have the best legs in the
world—that is, when they are artificial
and are made in the United States. They
are most lifelike and serviceable, and
great quantities of them are shipped
The modern artificial leg is a work of
art. Ita rise dates from the civil war.
This started a boom in made-to-order
supports, and the business has been kept
up since then by the number of railroad
and trolley accidents, which have severed
limbs. Another reason why the demand
is so great now is the growing use of
antseptics in surgery, whereby blood
poisoning is avoided. Now a man may
have his leg removed with little risk;
formerly the chances for life were against
him. Hence, a large proportion of those
who lose their real limbs depend upon
the artificial ones.
■ Time was when all that was left for the
man who lost a leg was a peg. That is the
sort that Silaa Wegg wore, in the Dickens
story. Now, however, few "peg-legs" are
to be seen. The artificial limb is a work of
art, and can often deceive the best ob
server, especially if the wearer has been
using it long and has become expert.
Every improvement possible to think of
has been added to them, with ever the
idea of simplicity in view, till now the
leg can be used almost as well as the
natural one. Willow enters into the con
struction of them, and they cost, for the
best, $100, while It costs $5 to $25 a year
to keep them in good condition.
Old soldiers are allowed a certain fixed
rate by the government for artificial legs
per year. Many of them take this money
and get along with "pegs" or crutches.
Few women wear artificial legs; seemingly
few have need of them. The practice now
is to fit them even to children, who thus
grow more symmetrically than if they
walk on crutches in the formative period
of their lives.
Kansas City Is quite a center for the
making of artificial legs, and they rank
with the best that are turned out.
PLAY'S THE THING
Just as Soon as the Successful Novel
Can Be Dramatised.
New York Cor. Pittsburg Post.
"Have you seen 'When Poached Eggs
Were on Toast?' "
"No —I've read the book. Have you
seen 'Under Two Breads?' "
"Not yet. I've read the book. T
should think it would make nearly as good
a play as 'Unleavened Flags?' "
"I didn't read 'Unleavened Flags,' but
if it was as poor a book as it was a play
it wasn't worth reading. Still, you can't
always tell. You've seen 'In the Palace of
Harum,' of course?"
"Oh, yes, indeed. I wasn't half through
the book when I saw that."
"I didn't read the book. I was afraid
they'd put the la«t chapter first, &s they
did when they dramatized Davii Mere
dith,' you know. I don't believe in thi*
dramatizing a novel by mixing it up until
you can't recognize it."
"Oh, I do. It's ever so more ex
citing all mixed up. I like the kind of
dramatized novel where you cant tell
which novel it is until the third act at
" 'To Shave and to Scold' ought to make
a good play—don't you think so?"
"Oh, yes, indeed; much better than
'Carvice JaneL' Hid. By the way, dii you
ever hear of a play by the name of 'Hani
" 'Hamlet' Why, I don't rernemher any
novel of that name. Really, you don't
mean it? Oh, If that's the case I
shouldn't care to see It. Have you read
Huxley's 'Life and Letters?' "
"No. There's not the slightest chance
of its being dramatized, I'm told. I'm
reading 'When the Soup Grows Gold.' The
advertisement says It's sure to be drama
THE UNIVERSITY IDEA
The Individual Not Considered the
Thongrht's the Thing.
New York Sun.
In no way does the "new" teacher show
her difference from the old than in her
relations with her pupils. Methods them
selves are not more diametrically opposed.
It was 'a cardinal principle of ,the old
teacher's faith that she should know each
member of her class personally, complete
ly—even intimately, Such an acquaintance
was deemed best, not alone for the pupil's
good, but for the teacher's. The process of
imparting knowledge was supposed to be
rendered more or lees null and void with
out it. The instructor adapted herself and
her teachings to each scholar according to
that scholar's needs. A teacher, nowadays,
takes no heed of the individual. She
makes a special point of not knowing her
scholars. They are to her merely so
many members of a class, and as a class
she is aware of them only. On the cam
pus or in the street she fails to recognize
them —studiously avoids doing so, in fact.
Of course this new cult is chiefly practiced
at the colleges. Private and public schools
of lower grade still foster the individual
spirit somewhat, though in a less de
gree than formerly. The greatest differ
ence is observable between the relations of
women's college faculties and pupils ten
years ago and such relations to-day. "The
university idea" is what they call the new
cult, and the girls of Smith, Wellesley
and Vassar are quite as proud to announce
that their institutions are each year more
nearly approaching this desideratum as are
the members of the faculty. "I met Miss
, the literary professor, while crossing
the campus this morning, and, she cut me
dead," announced a Wellesley junior glee
fully. "But I thought your specialty was
literature? You're in her class, aren't
you?" questioned the astonished visitor.
"Of course I'm in her class," was the an
swer still more gleefully; "That's just it.
She knows me just as well as well, and
yet she won't recognize me outside the
lecture room by so much as an eyelash
quiver. I worship her more than ever
for it. There isn't a member of the fac
ulty who carries out the 'university idea'
so perfectly as Miss ."
NO SECRET OF BEAUTY.
She—l've often wondered what is the
secret of beauty.
He —There couldn't possibly be such a
thing. Any woman who had beauty
wouldn't think of making a secret of it.
COULDN'T IMAGINE IT.
Tuffold Knutt—l wonder w'y it is that
the papers is alwuz tellin' people to boil
Goodman Gonrong—So'b to make it fit
to drink, o' course.
Tuffold Knutt-—To drink? Gosh!
SOMETHING JUST AS GOOD.
She—You have broken your promise to
me, and a broken promise cannot be
He—Oh, I can do better than that. I'll
make you a new one.
A TASK FOR SCIENCE.
Mr. Bildad—l see that the scientists
claim that within the next decade they
will solve the problem of communicating
Mrs. Bildad—l wish the scientists would
devote their time to solving a greater
problem right here on earth.
Mr. Bildad—What is that, my dear.
Mrs. Bildad —I want to know why the
baby would rather play In the coal scuttle
than in vhe nursery.
ALL PLAIN TO HIM.
"Here." said the foreman of the press
room, leading bis visitors into another
department, "are the great presses. The
matter is stereotyped in the form of
curved plates, these are placed on the
cylinders, and as they revolve they leave
their impression on the paper that un
winds from that huge roll at the back of
"I see now," remarked one of the visi
tors, a person of much sagacity, "what is
meant when we read of an Hem going the
rounds of the press."
LITTLE MAN; STOUT WOMAN
Unexpected Ending of a Suspected .
' Case of Mashing in a Street Car.
*■ :v;-: New York Sun. -",;.';. :: .
A small, neatly dressed man made him
self extremely obnoxious to ?a stout, mid
le-aged woman *. who sat beside; him in, a
' Lexington avenue car yesterday afternoon,
When the little man began his operation! '.
there was clear space ; between them, but
he edged over inchi by inch until he was
almost lost to view by the ample folds of
the stout woman's velvet cloak, v
At first the stout woman merely glared
at , him, but ! when he got too close sh<
turned away with such suddenness thai
her back rammed him ' forcibly into tin
man who sat on his other side. The peo
ple in that part ,of the ' car looked at th»
little man with disapproval, but he seemed
no whit discouraged.
:: He worked forward on the seat and over
past the stout woman's defending shoulder
until he was again snug beside her. The
stout woman glared at him > ferociously
and gathered her Jskirts about her with a
I ; In reply the little: man gazed at her
stony profile with a mild appeal that would
l have been funny had not the rest of the
passengers been so disgusted , and indig
nant. The stout woman looked three-edged
snickernees at the little 7 man for a mo
ment and then moved away from him as
far as possible. ' >rf/: '■''•- \
Inside of two minutes the little > man
was cuddled 'beside her again. In the
movement a fold of the stout woman's
coat fell over the little man's arm. \ He
glanced at . the stout woman and back, at
hie arm, then Bat very still for a moment,
the picture of guilt. ' }\,
Finally with an inexpressibly shy look
at the stout woman's face he brought hia
left hand over and laid it softly on the fold
of her coat. , Th"c interested passenger^
could almost hear him purr. .
The action, however, attracted the stouc
woman's attention. She took in the situa
tion at: a glance, snatched her cloak away!
and wrapped it closely aßout her, while \
the little man shriveled visibly under her \
gaze. \ v '
The incident was too much for the rest
of the passengers. A big man a few seats
away on the opposite side of the car got
up and took off his hat to the stout
woman. .^ .
"Madam," he said, "if this monkey is
annoying you, I should be delighted to
throw him off the car."
The stout woman turned her lightnings
from the little man to the big one.
"Sir!" she demanded, "how dare yo«
speak to me in that manner of my hus
band/? Daniel," to the little man, "an
you a man to sit there and see me in
'"Ob, damn!" choked the big man, making
for the door.
The rest of the passengers smiled a,
things in the street.
WITH A GRIEVANCE.
"I understand you whipped my boy, this
morning," the angry father said, striding
into the schoolroom after the children had
"Yes, sir, I did," the terrified teacher
answered. "But I did not whip him se
"That's what I'm kicking about,'" he re
joined. "You didn'a hurt him at all. Now,
look here, sir, I'm one of the largest tax
payers in this school district, and my boy
is entitled to as good a whipping as you
give any other boy. Understand that! If
you slight him again you'll hear from ma
in a way you won't like. Good afternoon,
ALL PLAIN TO HIM NOW.
"Here," said the foreman of the press
room, leading his visitors into another
apartment, "are the great presses. The
matter is stereotyped In the form of
curved plates, these are placed on the cyl
inders, and as they revolve they leave
their impression on the paper that un
winds from that roll at the back of the
. "I see now," remarked one of the visit
ors, a person of much sagacity, "what is
meant when we read of an Item going the
rounds of the press."
BOTH PLACES WILL BE COVERED.
•. . „ - j. , Brooklyn Life. - " ---
"You believe, then, after all , thai
Shakspere wrote the plays himself?"
—Yes. But to make sure, the first
time I come across him in heaven I'll as!
•'But s'pose he Isn't there?"
"Then you can ask him."
The FBAtrX) of the Day.
See you get Carter's,
Ask for Carter's,
Insist and demand
GARTERS little Liver
The only perfect
- Liver FilL
Take no other,
Solicited to do so.
Beware of imitations
of Same Color )'
RETAIL LUMBERMEN'S INSURANCE AS«
sociation. Home office, Minneapolis, Mini?
(Organized in 1894.) David R. Ewlng, presi
dent. Wlllard G. Hollis, secretary. Attorne J
to accept service in Minnesota, Insurance
INCOME IN 1900.
Premiums other than from assess
ments .. J20.849.23
Assessments against contingent
Rents and interest 3,563.83
From all other sources 1,206.65
Total income 46,476.78
' DISBURSEMENTS IN 1900.
Amount paid for losses ......;.:.. $9,620 29
Return premiums and other profits
to policy holders . 12,330.82
Salaries of officers and employes.. 5,600.00
Taxes and fees 140.0S
All other disbursements 2,073.75.
Total disbursements $29,764.9(
Excess of income over disburse
ASSETS DEC. 31. 1900. -" "
Mortgage loans $77,500.0<
Cash in office and in bank ........ 10,887.63
Accrued Interest and rents ........ 1,828.93
Premiums in course of collection.. : 81.23
All other admitted assets 7,031.67
t Total admitted assets $97,129.47
Reinsurance reserve $31,530.6!)
Total liabilities, including per
manent fund ...........;.....; $31,530.69
Net surplus ....\.......: .... 65,598.73
RISKS AND PREMIUMS, 1900 BUSINESS.
Fire risks written during the year.52,069,150.00
Premiums received thereon ........ 24,961.9 i
Net amount in force at end of
the year ;......'...:.:.............. 6,168,180.(4
BUSINESS IN MINNESOTA IN 1900.
Fire risks -written ..........V...... $397,750.0*
Fire premium* received ...,...., 4,650.24
Fire losses paid ....:...... 637.89
Fire losses incurred ................ ' 637.89
Amount at risk, fire '...:....»..... 1,065,640.00
STATE OF MINNESOTA,
■ Department •of Insurance,
St. Paul. March - 30. 1901.
'Whereas, the Retail < Lumbermen's t Insur- ,
ance Association, a corporation organized un
der the laws of Minnesota, has fully complied
with tue provisions of the laws of this state,
relative to the • admission i and authorization
of insurance companies of 'its class,
r \ Now. therefore, 1L . the: undersigned,'; Insur
ance - Commissioner, do hereby empower ■ and ■
authorize the said above-named company to
tran.act '■>. its ; appropriate.- business of ■ fire in
surance :in : the : state; of Minnesota, according
to the laws thereof, until the 31st day of Jan••
vary, A. D. 1902, unless ; said authority be re
voked or t otherwise legally' terminated '■ priof
thereto. *;- .-.: '■'/■■■ ■•■ -■' ,-''■' ■ -■. '■■:'■:,-<-r^;''--'.
% la > testimony whereof, I have' hereunto - se(
my ■■■ hand \ and ;■ affixed my • official. seal', at •St -
Paul, this 31st day of January, A. D. 1901.
•' ■■;, '■■.-."■■■• I",; 1. '■■■■:;-■; ELMERV H. DEARTH, i ■•:.>'.
: . Insurance -; Commissioner. '