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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAg
PRICE TWO CENTS.
EAST IS ALL
Wet Snow and Rain and Very-
WORST OF THE SEASON
From Cleveland to the Atlantic and
Canada to Tennessee.
TELEGRAPH WIRES ARE DOWN
Street far and Railroad Linen Suffer
—Road* Drifted—Cold In
Chicago, April 20.—Telegraphic com
munication with all points east of Cleve
land has been cut off since early this
morning by a storm, which extends from
Canada to Tennessee and east to the At
lantic coast. A heavy, wet snow, driven
by a gale, has played havoc with wires and
poles, and both Western Union and Pos
tal companies report a complete suspen
sion of business to the seaboard.
Officials here fear that this storm will
cripple wire equipment worse than lor
STORM IH OHIO
Wire* Dunn, Trolley and Steam
Linen Blocked, ltoutls ImpiiMsulile.
Cleveland, April 20. —Northern Ohio was
to-day swept by a fierce storm of wind
and snow, which prostrated telegraph and
telephone wires in all directions. The
wind reached a velocity of fifty-five miles
an hour. All telegraphic communication
was severed between Cleveland and points
east and south. A few wires were
patched up to the west, but even these
Were reported to be working slowly.
In somje respects the storm was the
■worst during the winter. The heavy, wet
snow came down in blinding sheets, unrt
the streets in this city were covered with
slush almost anxle deep. Traffic on many
street car lines was delayed.
Telephone and telegraph poles were
blown across the tracks and the trolly
wires were tangled up. The police and i
fire alarm wires were carried down, and
some sections of the city were cut off
from the fire and police signal exchanges.
Out of more than a hundred wires con
necting Cleveland and Buffalo, not one
was in working order early to-day. The !
conditions between Cleveland and Pitts
burg, it was said, were equally bad.
Telegraph and telephone officials declared
that the storm was the most destructive
for a long time. The long distance
telephone lines were reported down in
every direction, there being no communi
cation with any outside point.
It will undoubtedly be many days be
fore full reports can be made to the tele
uraph and long distance telephone service.
Many poles are prostrated, causing in
numerable breaks in the wires.
Ma n »'•*>' From Wlren.
The electric lighting companies shut off
their current in some parts of the city,
owing to the general mix-up of wires. A
number of persons received severe shocks
and several horses were killed. James
White, a contractor, living at 9 Beaver
street, stepped^on a live wire on Broad
way and was rendered unconscious. He
was badly burned.
Traffic on nearly all the steam roads
was delayed. In many places the tracks
were reported to be buried under deep
Storm on Erie.
Lake Erie was lashed into a wild fury.
A crib 200 feet long and about 25 feet
wide anchored at the end of the east
breakwater preparatory to being sunk,
was driven ashore inside the west break
water. The crib crashed Into the west
pier, but little damage resulted.
Roads lin ims.sa Id c.
Information from the surrounding coun
try districts indicates that the storm was
of unusual violence and wrought much
damage. In many places the snow is re
ported a foot deep on the level, and the
roads have been rendered almost impas
sable by drifts.
Electric railways connecting Cleveland
with near-by towns found it almost im
possible to operate cars. Some lines were
COLD IN GKOKGIA
Frost I* Predicted—Rain and Snow
in the South.
Atlanta. Ga., April 20.—The storm,
•which last night caused a general dis
turbance over parts of Kentucky, Tennes
see, Alabama and Florida, has moved to
the northeast, and is to-day in eastern
North Carolina. Snow fell in Tennessee
and Kentucky and rain in Alabama, Geor- j
gia and Florida. In Atlanta the -winds
have been abnormally high for twenty
four hours, a maximum velocity of fifty
six miles being reported this morning.
The temperature has fallen nearly forty
degrees, and reports indicate some dam
age to small gardening. The weather
bureau predicts frosf for north Georgia to
The telegraph companies are seriousiy
handicapped by the loss of wires in every
SXOW IN KEXTICKY
People Are Moving Oat to Get Away
London, Ky., April 20.—For twenty-four
hours snow has been falling over eastern
Kentucky and has reached a depth of
fourteen inches. The mountain streams
are full to the bank and people living near
by, are moving out. Floods are feared
■when the snow goes off. Those moving
out are suffering from the cold. Such
Bevere weather has never before been
known at this season.
Steamer Weathers the Storm.
Detroit, April 20.—The Detroit and
Cleveland line steamer City of Cleve
land, which left Cleveland last night for
Detroit, arrived to-day nearly an hour
late, after a hard fight with the storm on
Lake Erie. The waves smashed many of
the windows on the starboard side of the
tteamer, and two iron stanchions in the
ness room were cracked entirely through
fejr the violent pitching. It was the heav
iest sea of the season.
Ohio River I* Hisin^.
Cincinnati, April 20.—Experienced river
»ien say that the Ohio river will reach
a stage of fifty feet here and may go
feigner. The rainfall in the past twenty
four hours along the river above here is
from 2.6 inches, at Pittsburg, to 3.54
inches at Huntington, W. Va., and un
usual floods are reported from the Guyan
dotte, Big Sandy and Kanawha rivers.
Huntington. \V. Va.. April 20.—The Big
Sandy, Twelve Pole, Guyandotte, Tug and
New rivers are at flood tide. Great suffer
ing U reported. All the log booms in
Guyandotte and in all the tributaries of
the Big Sandy have been swept away,
causing an enormous loss. Fifteen inches
of snow has fallen in the West Virginia
mountains, and five inches throughout the
Stagnation Is Universal in
HARD TIMES IN JAPAN
But the United States Still Has
A SAIZGUARD IN COMBINATIONS
Prominent Financier Says They Will
Do Much to Prevent Hard
From Th* Journal Bureau. Room 45, J*o*#
Washington, April 20. —For a number of
months rumors of a rapid decline in trade
j and business generally have been coming
J across the Atlantic. In Germany, in Eng
; land, in Austria, in the Netherlands, in
I fact, in practically the whole commercial
Europe, the signs of the times are point
ing to an oncoming financial stringency.
The volume of business in those countries,
as compared with the volume last year
and the year before, shows a heavy falling
off, and already labor is restless in an
ticipation of the shutting down of manu
facturing concerns in the large centers of
Industry. It is whispered that some of the
recent tariff changes in Europe have been
made with a view to protecting the home
markets and the home producers from the
outside world. Whether this condition
will be merely temporary, or whether it is
the precursor of a widespread panic, only
the future can tell.
Echoing the warnings of Europe, there
now comes word that hard times are be
ginning to show themselves in Japan, the
only progressive nation in the orient. E.
jC. Bellows, American . consul general at
Yokohama, informs the state department
that "the financial conditions in Japan
at present is far from encouraging, and
' her bankers, statesmen and business men
are exerting every effort to avert a pend
ing panic." A number of large failures
already have occurred, and more are ex
| pected. The president of the Bank of
Japan, at the recent annual meeting of
the stockholders, said:
Throughout the past year the specie re
serve of the bank steadily dwindled month
after month, the excess of imports over ex
ports and a financial panic in Shanghai, ow
ing to the Boxer trouble, all contributing to
bring about this regretable result. The de
pletion of specie and the increased demand
for money occasioned by the Chinese trouble
necessitated the bank's issuing notes beyond
the prescribed limits ill June and the sue- ;
Notwithstanding those ominous reports j
from both sides of the world, the United !
States continues to enjoy the splendid
prosperity v.'hich was ushered in with the
McKlnley administration in 1897. There
has been no falling off in trade, but on
the contrary a steady and gratifying in
crease from month to month and from
year to year. Naturally, however, if all
the rest of the commercial world is to ex
perience another season of hard times,
this country cannot hope to escape, for
hard times abroad will seriously affect our
export market, where we dispose of the
surplus American product. Should this
: export market be closed, for whatever
' reason, there would be overproduction at
home and a shutting down of manufac
TRUSTS In this conection it is
well to note what the New
AS A York folks are saying re
garding the gigantic com-
SAFEGUARD. mercial consolidations
which have been put under j
way recently, and which the democratic i
party calls "trusts." Speaking of the I
j threatening conditions in Europe, one of j
; the close friends of the Morgan-Hill syn-
I dicate said to me recently:
If America is to escape another panic, -whol
ly or in part, it will be due to the so
called trusts, which are rapidly placing in
a few hands the immense commercial inter
ests of the country. Community of interest,
close co-operation, economy, promptness of
action, are all made sure by these consoli
dations; and even should it be impossible for
us wholly to escape the hard times -which
now are bearing down upon Europe, they will
be fait here in a greatly modified form.
We will still have the home market, and
will be in position, owing to the consolida
j tions referred to, to take swift advantage of
every trade opening abroad. This will mean
that we will get our full share of the busi
ness in the world markets, and probably
more than our share, whicli will result in a
correspondingly larger sale of our yearly sur
plus. Relatively, therefore, a panic will not
be as severe here as in other parts of the
world. If we can undersell Germany, France,
the Netherlands, England and Russia during
times of plenty, we can undersell them dur
ing times of scarcity.
It is my prediction that this country will
never again go through a panic such as that
which came in with the year 1893. The trade
combinations of the years since then have
made such a thing impossible. There will
undoubtedly be periods when trade is not as
lively as it is at other times; but there will
be no such times as we then experienced.
Public interest In
Washington is cen
tering with renewed
interest in the forth
coming decision of
the supreme court in
the Portq Rican
rases. The best information at hand is to
the effect that the decision was put into
final shape early this week, and is ready
to be handed down whenever the court de
It is said by those who claim to have
reliable sources of information, that the
court, by a vote of five to four, will up
hold the McKinley administration in the
i position that the constitution does not fol
low the flag. Congress, according to this
j guess at the court's position, will be sus
tained in its contention that it has the
right to levy a tariff on Porto Rican goods
sent to this country, but will be overruled
as to the tax on American goods designed
for export to Porto Rica. The export
tax is unconstitutional.
The gentleman from whom this informa
tion comes says that he understands the
opinion of the court has been written and
rewritten at least half a dozen times. The
five judges believed to uphold "the adminis
tration reached their conclusions inde
pendently and there has been much trouble
in phrasing the opinion so as to make
these five points of view blend into one
This forecast of the court's opinion may
or may not be correct. I quote it be
cause it seems to be the most definite
statement so far made. It is rather sig
nificant, however, that with the revival of
gossip this week, and the feeling that the
opinion will be rendered next Monday,
there is a disposition to accept the for»-
SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 20, 1901.
AGGY'S ADDRESS TO THE OUTLYING INSURGENT CHIEFS.
going forecast as that most likely to rep
resent what the court will hold.
BEET SUGAR Professor William
Hays of the Minne-
INDUSTRY IN sot.a agricultural
school, after spend-
MINNESOTA. ing several days in
Washington on busi
ness at the agricultural department, left
to-day for New York. He will visit Cor
nell university and the state agricultural
school at Geneva, returning to St. Anth
ony Park late next week.
In Washington, Professor Hays secured
| the promise of important co-operation be
tween the department and his school in
the work of plant breeding. The trip has
been successful in every way.
C. F. Saylor, the traveling sugar beet
expert, who knows more about the sugar
beet industry of the country than any
other man, had a long interview with
Professor Hays and told him that he re
garded the Minnesota factory as having
safely passed the experimental stage.
"•Minnesota," he added, "is rapidly coming
into line as a «ugar beet state, and, in my
judgment, that industry is quickly to be
come thoroughly established there on a
Mr. Saylor and Professor Hays dis
cussed the question of raising beets for
seeding; the northwest and they came to
the conclusion that there was no reason
why the northwest should not raise its
own seed from this time in great
At Geneva Professor Hays will inspect
the plant breeding system, which is under
fine headway there. At Cornell he will
make a study of the system of agricultural
instruction in rural schools, which in New
York has been carried forward with great
success. The Minnesota legislature last
winter appropriated $20,000 with which
to start such a system and Professor
Hayes' investigations at Cornell will help
put it under way.
—W. W. Jermane.
Washington Smiill Talk.
Postmasters appointed to-day: Minnesota —
Clear Lake, Sherburne county, Robert Pearce.
lowa —Bernia, Mahaska county, William
Mognett. North Dakota-^T'ergus, Grand Forks
county, G. A. Fisher. South Dakota —Jou-
bert, Douglas county, H. L. Brawn; Terra
ville, Lawrence county, O. W. Hur'lburt.
Fifty-one young men are to be commis
sioned as easigns from Annapolis this year.
John E. Lewis of Minnesota is the only one
in the list hailing from « northwestern state.
This class was graduated hurriedly from An
napolis two years ago on account of the Span
ish war, and has spent the time since then on
BANKER BRANDES FIGHTS
ATTACKS THE MICHIGAN OFFICER
He nnd Hist Wife Assault the Deputy,
Wliu Cornea to Take Him Back
— Pnt in Irons.
Chicago, April 20.—Charles Brandes, al
leged to bo the fugitive manager of the
Waldrou, Mich., bank, was taken back to
that stale to-day, having waived extradi
At the county jail to-day Brandes and
his wife, who had been admitted to talk
to her husband, attacked Sheriff Chestnut
of Hillsdale county, Mich., and a local
deputy. Brandes was overpowered and put
Building: TrndeH Strike at Tacoma
as Good as Settled.
Tacoma, Wash., April 20.—The building
trades strike inaugurated Monday is prac
tically settled. The contractors and rep
resentatives of the building trades unions
agreed to submit their difficulties to a
board of arbitration and work on between
150 and 200 new buildings was resumed
yesterday. The strike threatened at the
outset to hinder hundreds of property
owners who are crowding the architects'
offices with building designs, but the
prompt setlement of the strike allayed
Corpse Postpones the Funeral
if aw York Sun 8000 fat Servfca
Huntsville, Ala.. April 20.-There was great excitement in Dallas, Ala., to-day
at the funeral of Mrs. Frank Marlow. The corpse, which was lying in plain view of
the many mourners, gave a gasp, the body became warm and her pulse began to beat
feebly. Physicians were called, but the woman died in an hour, and the funeral was
The physicians say that Mrs. Marlow was in a trance and then died.
Yellow Fever on the Condor
yellof Jevrfoa bJK! 2°-H- M' S" C°ndor *" arrived at Quarantine. She *..
WILY TOM JOHNSON
He Knows That Ohio in 1902 Will
Be Safely Republican.
MAYOR HARRISON, TOO, IS COY
Politicians Figure-That Both Fore
see Another Defeat for the
Democrats. ' '
Mmw York Sun Soecial Soi-v/oa
Washington, April 20.—The spectacle of
two recently elected democratic mayors—
Tom Johnson of Cleveland and .*, Carter
Harrison of._. p'Vaiming that
they are not candidates for- the demo
cratic nomination for president is inter
esting to politicians. ,It is noticeable
that neither is very emphatic in his dec
laration, that both have reservations, and
that only the opportunity is required to
establish the two mayors on a sound and
permanent footing as active candidates.
Mr. Johnson says he will not run for
governor or United States senator. - In
this he is probably sincere, because he
believes that it would be absurd for ; a
democrat to think of carrying Ohio under
existing circumstances. McKinley's plu
rality in the state last fall appears to
place Ohio in the republican column for
1002; at any rate, this is the view Mr.
Johnson takes of the matter.
The coyness expressed by both mayors
may be due to the fact that they have
little confidence in democratic success
, four years hence. They probably foresee
the events so clearly outlined by Senator
Vest a few months ago. There has to
be a divorcement of certain elements that
now go to make up the sum total of the
democratic organization, and this process'
will not be accomplished except at the
loss of another campaign. '
PREPARING TO COMPETE
THE N.-W. SYSTEM WILL, EXPAND
Report From Chicago That Stock
holders Will Be Asked to
Chicago, April 20.—The Post to-day
says: As a defense against the reported
Burlington-Great Northern-Northern Pa
cific combination, the stockholders of the
Chicago & North-Western and Chicago.
St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha roads will
be asked to ratify plans for important ex
tensions. The extensions have been
planned by a joint committe« represent
ing both roads and are said to be on a
scale which will make the two systems
formidable competitors of the Hill lines.
RICE LAKE BRANCH
Organization Articles Filed and
Work to Begin at Once.
Special to The Journal.
Madison. Wis., April 20.—The Chippewa
Valley & Northwestern Railroad company,
which is to connect the Omaha and
North-Western lines between Rice Lake
and a point in Iron county, filed articles
of organization with the secretary of
state to-day. It will be a branch of the
North-Western to run from Rice Lake in
Barron county 100 miles northeast through
Barron, Waahburn. Sawyer, Ashland,
Price, Iron and Vilas counties to a con
nection with the Chicago & North-West
ern in either Iron or Vilas counties.
Work is to begin at once. The capital
stock is $50,000.
The incorporators and directors, all
officials of the Omaha company, are W. A
Scott, Thomas Wilson, Charles W. John
son, James T. Clark, E. E. Woodman, L.
A. Robinson and Isaac Seddon all of St
Flood Sweeps Down on Car
Pittsburg, April 20.—A flood swept down
on Carnegie and the whole Chartiers Val
ley, six miles southwest of Pittsburg, dur
ing the night, such, it is said, as never
was known before.
hTe body of an unknown woman was
found floating in Chartiers Creek at
The railroads are washed out and trains
are caught in the flood, unable to move
either way. Carnegie and the whole val
ley are ia a panic to-dey wit.fi traffic of
all kinds suspended, while people are
rushing to places of safety.
The streets of Carnegie are under three
feet of water and people are going about
in skiffs. The flood swept into business
houses and home too fast for the people
to save much of their property and stock,
and the loss will run into the thousands.
Cars of the Southern Traction company
were caught on the streets in the flood
and are standing there, now, those on
Mail street in three feet of water.
The Washington branch of the Pan-
Handle railroad is practically washed out.
To cave the bridges the railroad company
ran cars loaded with heavy stone on
At the Western penitentiary confer
ences are being b,eld as to the best steps
for the safety and security of the prison
ers, should the worst predictions be re
alized. The danger line at the peni
tentiary bank is twenty-seven feet, end at
11 o'clock this morning the Ohio had
reached twenty-one feet and was still ris
ing ten inches an hour. At noon it was
still raining hard.
Predictions are now confidently made
that the great flood of 1884 will be
reached and possibly passed before twen
ty-four hours. The volume of water here
is greater than in 1884 and is raising four
inches an hour faster than in that year.
Railroads East of Columbus Are
Columbus, Ohio, April 20.—The storm
has cut off communication by rail with
eastern points. Pennsylvania trains from
New York, due here at 7 a. m., had not
arrived at noon. Special trains were made
up at Columbus to make connections with
St. Louis, Cincinnati and Indianapolis.
The Pennsylvania company was the only
railroad having a line open east of Co
lumbus and that reached only to Trin
Snows Thirty-six Hours.
Zanesville, Ohio, April 20. —Snow has
fallen for thirty-six hours continually and
all the streets are blocked. Floods are
feared '.n the Muskingum valley.
LIPTON NO DEPEW
Sir Thomas Balk* at After-Dinner
Speeches in America.
»v* Tork Sun Special Service
London, April 20. —Sir Thomas Lipton
fears after dinner speeches in America
more than meeting the cup defender on
the Sandy Hook course. f
"I dodged it the last time," he said,
"but it looks as if they are going to let
me have it this year. Here are cordial in
vitations* from Mayor Harrison of Chicago
and Charles Francis Adams of Boston, in
sisting on my accepting public receptions
in those cities. I shall be delighted to
go, but doesn't it mean having to make a
speech? 1 cannot do that."
TRANSPORT'S ROUGH VOYAGE
Garonne Wan Disabled, Pat Into
Honolulu for Repairs.
San Francisco, April 20. —The transport
Garonne arrived toiday from Manila. On
board are 1,000 men of the Twenty-sixth
volunteer infantry. Most of the men are
from New York and Massachusetts.
The Garonne left Manila forty days ago,
and had an extremely stormy voyage. She
was disabled and put into Honolulu fOT re
AFRAID OF GOLD
\il«'M People Are l.<>>*iii« Heavily on
Counterfeit #."» Piece*.
fietc York Sun Special Service,
■.Nile?, Mich., April 20.—The - appearance
of counterfeit $5 gold pieces in great num
bers in this part of the state has resulted
in so much loss and annoyance to business
men \ that most of; them fear ; to ' accept ' any
of the yellow metal. .The coins are an ex
24 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
He Urges His Followers to Accept the Sov
ereignty of the United States-Trust
the American Flag.
Address Is Expected to Result in the Surrender
of the Remaining Rebel Leaders in
Manila, April 20.—The following is Aguinaldo's address to the
I believe I am not in error in presuming that the unhappy
fate to which my adverse fortune has led me, is not a surprise
to those who have been familiar with the war. The lessons
taught with a full meaning, and which have recently come to
knowledge, suggest with irresistible force that a complete ter
mination of hostilities and lasting peace are not only desirable,
but absolutely essential to the welfare of the Philippine islands.
The Filipinos have never been dismayed at their weakness,
nor have they faltered in following the path pointed out by
their fortitude and courage. The time has come, however, in
which they find their advance along .this path to be impeded by
an irresistible force, which, while it restrains them, yet en
lightens their minds and opens up to them another course, pre
senting them the cause of peace.
This cause has been joyfully embraced by the majority of
my fellow countrymen, who have already united around the
glorious sovereign banner of the United States. In this banner
they repose their trust and belief that under its protection the
Filipino people will attain all those liberties which they are be
ginning to enjoy. The country has declared unmistakably in
favor of peace. So be it! There has been enough blood,
enough^ tears and enough desolation. This wish cannot be ig
nored by the men still in arms if they are animated by a desire
to serve our noble people which has thus clearly manifested its
will. So do I respect this will, now that it is known to me.
After mature deliberation I resolutely proclaim to the world
that I cannot refuse to heed the voice of a people longing for
peace, nor the lamentations of thousands of families in yearning
to see their dear ones enjoying the liberty and the prosperity of
the great American nation.
By acknowledging and accepting the sovereignty of the\
United States throughout the Philippine archipelago, as I now \
do, and without any reservation whatsoever, I believe that I am
serving thee, my beloved countrymen. May the Philippines be
thine. —Emilio Aguinaldo.
COERCION, SAYS TOWSB
Former Senator Talks of Aguinal-
Kansas City, Mo., April Ex-Senator
Charles A. Towae was shown a copy of
Aguinaldo's proclamation. He said: '
"It is clearly the; utterance of . a man
who | yields only to force, and, considering
the occurrences of the past two years, it
constitutes ! one of the most pathetic inci
dents in history. .1, see nothing in the
proclamation on which to base any impu
tation on the good faith of Aguinaldo.
/ "There is, however, an- expression that
somewhat alters my opinion of his astute
ness based on his previous conduct. He
says that the Filipino people will, under
the sway of the United States, obtain all
'promised liberties." •
"He cannot have forgotten the assur
ance of General Anderson in 1898. as to
the justice with which our allies against
Spain would be treated or the solemn
promises of the president at the begin
ning of the era of benevolent assimila
"One thing should be borne in. mind,
the 7 surrender of every hostile . force in
the , Philippines and the absolute accept
ance of our dominion throughout the
archipelago does not dispose of the ques
tion, involved in the acquisition and gov
ernment by this republic of distant col
"Wrong as the policy is, and cruel as
it is against the Filipinos, it is infamously
more wrong and cruel from the standpoint
of the welfare of the United States." I
STRONG SIOVE FOR PEACE
Address :Is Likely to < Bring; in the
Rest of the Insurgents.
Washington, April . 20.—There is no
doubt in the minds of the officials here
that Aguinaldo's address will have con
siderable influence with the insurgents
who have up to this time refused to recog
nize American authority and accept the
terms of the amnesty proclamation, which
expires the first of May. This leaves but
ten days more in which the opposing in
surgents have to present themselves to
the American officials for the purpose of
being included in • the terms of the ■ am
nesty. Those who fail to do so within
the time remaining will be considered in
eligible for any office In • the government
of the Philippines and will be deprived of
all the privileges and rights of citizenship
until such disability is removed. ■
There are but few officers of any prom
inence connected with the Philippine in
surrection who have not already surren-
POULTNEY BIGELOW RAVES
He Says the United States Is Going to the
Dogs, and He Prefers to Live Under
How York Sun Spoofs/ Soi>vlco,
London, April —Poultney Bigelow, the
American historian and traveler, who has
just returned to London after : delivering
a course of lectures at Harvard and. Yale
universities, declares that the United
States \is heading toward revolution. He
, Commercialism runs riot In the United
States. The Yankees are coining their ideas
and energy into money and the . trust build
ers are doing the rest. .These money kings
must necessarily exercise . a blighting influ
ence on the morals of public servants. They
create all ■ manner of- temptations and breed
all manner of jobbery. ■.'.:?
~ In Washington. I found a cynical contempt
for the constitution. Corruption - stalks
through the government , departments." -It!
disgraces ■ the halls of - congress.,.' Congress i
itself is little more than a brokerage j shop
for the sale of authority to fleece the people.
The legislators, department officials and petty
public servants of all kinds neglect -" no op
portunity of turning their official prerogative
to : profit. * ~£SSBBBSBA
I learned many specific instances of flag
rant jobbery, - especially inVconnection 7with
the Philippine war. " Thousands of (officials,
whose stealings range from verg- small to j
dered and taken the oath of allegiance.
General Alejandrino and General Trias are
among the most prominent who continue
in opposition, and the war department
officials hope that Aguinaldo's address will
induce them to surrender within a short
time. Should they do so and take the oath
of allegiance there is little doubt but their
followers will do likewise, thus putting
a\ end to all organized opposition to
American authority in the Philippine
Especial gratification is felt at the un
reserved tone of the document and the
full acceptance it indicates of American
rule. This, it is felt, will bring to the
support of the government many Fili
pinos, who, wishing for peace, have hesi
tated to assist the Taft commission.
In this country it is expected to reduce
the criticism of the administration and to
cause less discussion of the general policy
of the war in the islands and more con
sideration of the importaLt matter of the
best administration to be evolved for their
government. Aguinaldo, now that he has
accepted American sovereignty, probably
will be'given considerably more liberty
than he has enjoyed hitherto. His serv
ices will be used as far as possible in
the pacification of the islands. The ex
tent, however, to which he will be per
mitted his freedom is for General Mac-
Arthur to determine, with the assistance
of the Taft commission, for the aim of the
government here will be to rest largely
upon the views held by its representatives
in the islands.
Wait for Chaffee.
Washington, April 20.—Adjutant General
Corbin authorizes the statement that no
material changes will be made in the army in
the Phil'p'ines until after the war depart
ment has heard from General Chaffee on the
subject. General Chaffee will relieve Gen
eral Mac Arthur of the command of the mili
tary forces in the Philippines on June 39 and
the present expectation is that a general civil
government will be established about that
To Release Prisoners.
Manila, April 20. —To signalize the Import*
ance of Aguinaldo's address in the pacifica
tion of the country. General Mac Arthur orders
the release, on swearing allegiance to the
United States, of 1,000 Insurgent prisoners.
ARM TORN OFF.
Special to The Journal.
Milton, N. D., April 20.—While putting •
belt on a pulley in the Pemblna Portland
Cement mill this morning John Mclver, Jr.,
had an arm torn off near the shoulder. He it
in a critical condition.
very large amounts, do not want the struggle
to come to an end. They would much prefer
to see it indefinitely prolonged.
Of course, I should not think of reflecting
on such men as Secretary Hay and Judge
Taft, but if Hay were the Archangel Gabriel
and Taft St. Peter returned to earth, they
could not stop the complex and far reaching
system of thievery that prevails in the public
President Hadley of Yale, I see, denies that
he said a continuance of the present tenden
cies would land an emperor in Washington
within twenty-five years. I do not see why
he should desire to deny such a statement.
We would better have an emperor—some on*
to take a firm stand against the rising tide
of official immorality—than have rulers who
! have no interest in the government beyoaii
the next election. I would rather live under
Emperor William of Germany than under
the vicious tyranny of railway, oil and steel
America needs a thorough arousing of the
public conscience. It needs, to deliver it
from the slavery of capitalism, such men
and women as delivered it from the slavery
of human beings. In other words, it needa
an epidemic of cranks—cranks like William
Lloyd Garrison—cranks such as England ha 4
in Richard CoMec and John Bright.
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