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SKIPPED A 100 YEARS
The Filipino* Hare Been Vsine
18th Century Methods.
Things of the nineteenth century have
been hardly known in the Philippine
islands until very recently. The people
there got along with eighteenth century
methods and materials until American
occupation made them realize that the
twentieth century.was here.
While living over rivers of oil they had
a scant supply imported from Russia.
Now wells have been sunk and the na
tives are getting a little light on their
former ignorance. Ships are landing on
the islands machinery that truly aston
ishes the natives. Where they have
been scratching the soil to raise poor
crops, they are now plowing deep furrows
and getting something near the value of
a productive soil. Edged tools without
edges, and with temper uncertain as that
cf a Spaniard, have been set aside for
axes, picks, chisels, drills, sa-ws and shov
els that mean much. more and better
•work with less expenditure of human ef
The worst known appliances that boast
ed of the name "tools" are being replaced
by the very best instruments of labor
known to out highest civilization. Steam
power in its most perfect forms is being
applied where it was no more known than
Jt was with us a century ago. The people
are learning for the first time that hills
can be cut down and valleys filled up to
make roads more level, so that larger
loads can be hauled with much less effort
(ban ever before. The steam shovel that
with one motion of Its iron jaws takes
up more material than a dozen natives
could shovel out in an entire day is an ob-
Jeot of absolute wonder.
In tact, the Filipinos are only begin
ning to learn that the world has been
actually moving since Magellan landed on
their shores and gave them the name of
FROM MANY SOURCES
Kany Odd Facts About Oar Vari
The use of the "E Pluribus Ucum" on
coin was never authorized by law. Its
first known use was on a New Jersey
cent struck off in 1776." The word dollar
came from the German thaler; Dutch,
«laalder; Danish, daler, and Italian, tail
ors. The word dime is from the French
dutieme «a tenth), expressing the tenth
part of the standard dollar, and first ap
peared on sample coins made for con
gress and spelled "disme." When our
coinage took the place of Spanish coinage
the dimes supplanted the real, known as
a shilling in New York, in Virginia as a
levy and in Louisiana as a bit. The word
cent comes from the French centime
(hundredth), derived from the Latin
centum, one hundred.
GOOD'BY TO SPANISH MAP
Ko Wonder tbe Young Filipinos
Had Mistaken Ideas.
■ Chicago boys would open their eyes if
they could see one of the maps of Europe
•which were used in the Filipino schools
under Spanish rule. According to these
maps, Spain occupied a large place in
the center of the continent, while the
•ther little countries were scattered
around the edge like so much fringe. It
is small wonder if the young Filipinos
had a mistaken idea of the-greatness of
the country and his oppressors, for even
Aguinaldo himself, was much surprised
to learn that America was greater than
WHEN BUTTERFLIES SLEEP
Reduced in Size and Shape to a
The butterfly invariably goes to sleep
fcead downward, says the Spectator. ■■ It'
folds' and contracts its wings to the ut
most. . The effect is to reduce its size
and shape to a narrow ridge, hardly dis
tinguishable in shape and color from the
seed heads on thousands of other stems
around. The butterfly also sleeps on the
top of the stem. In the morning, when
the sunbeams warm them, these graypied
sleepers on the tops open their wings,
and the colorless . bennets ... are starred
with a thousand living flowers of purest'
ON INSTALLMENT PLAN
A Cnriona Business Custom in
the City of Mexico.
"One of the curious business customs
here," says a correspondent in the City
of Mexico, "is that of paying for things
•n the 'abono' or installment plan. The
great shops carry tens of thousands of
accounts, which are always being added
to by fresh charges, and as continually
being decreased by the payment of the
monthly 'abonos.' From your cradle to
your coffin, you can, if you have any
sort of credit, go through life on the in
A POTFUL OF PENNIES
Unearthed by a Plowman While
Working: on His Farm.
A plowman of Closeburn, Dumfreeshire,
Scotland, recently, while at work on a
farm, unearthed a potful of silver pen
ales that were probably buried over five
centuries ago. He thought they were
tin coins, but they proved to be silver
pennies of the reign of Edward 1., who
annexed Scotland, and Edward 11., who
lost It. There were over 2,000 of them,
all in good preservation, each measuring
three-quarters of an inch across. They
•weighed five pounds in bulk. .
WE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1901.
;,:*' : THE WE&TE FROG ~"
Some boys whose names I do not know,
Went oul to sail their boat one day:
fast to lier stem Qiey tied a line
5o she coifld not sail far away n
But little did those bop suspect - '
Thatjist beyond a floaty loj,
Wk all hb trusty Powers, ,
CV Jhere lay in wait the Pirate fro|. yrn
frJpx^sy climbed aboard with rec^ess speed v^
>• vpQ) And each one jpwnd Ms worK to do.
Zmkg!, One cut the line,one raised the faj}, v(J
B^^« s The captain seized the helm to steer?
And thus,on peaceful PlunKett's Pond,
Sl>s^-;—■—.ad«i—a^i^Bg^Ma^cgszaßc^isi mini—a—Kagaw^^Bngcaa^fi«miiiiwii m ■fcUniif
niMnimiiiiniiii ■ wmn' i hi Mi M i mi n I 'n ~i ■ • ■• -. ■■-•■•- ■.■».. .-:.-■■■--. ■ -.
THE WfcATE PfcQG
Some fcqys whose names I do not lawn
Went oil to sail Mr boat one day:
fast to her stern they tied a line
5o she could not saa far away (
But little did those boys suspect
Thatjist beyond a floating loj,
W& all hb trusty Powers,
There lay in wait the Pirate Frog.
On came the ship-, out sprang tte jeoJs
A desperate ,deternriiied ge<ll|J|
They climbed aboard with recfcless speed
One cut the line,me raised toe faj>,
, s The captain seized the helm to steer;
Ant thus,on peaceffil PluntettS Pond,
WHY BOYS WEAR EARRINGS
A Custom Adopted by the Chi*
nese to Deceive Spirits.
The custom of boys wearing earrings la
China is thus popularly explained by the
Chinese: The boy Is the greatest blessing
m that heaven can send. The spirits like
boy babies. It is natural that they should,
everybody likes them. Very often, U the
boy babies are not watched closely, tba
spirits who are constantly around, grab
up the unwatched boy babe and carry him
off to their home. Girl babies are not
such blessings and the spirits care noth
ing for them. The earring is a feminine
ornament, and the spirits know that; 80
the Chinese mothers have the ears of their
boy babies pierced and put in huge ear
rings. When the spirits are around look
ing for boys they will see the earrings
and be fooled into thinking the boys are
girls and will pass on and not trouble
HARD TO APPROACH ~
Quito Cannot Be Approached by
Rail or Wagon Road.
Quito, while a delightful capital, can
not be approached by rail or by wagon
road. In two years, it is expected that
a New York syndicate will haTe com
pleted a railroad to that point. Horses
and mules and thousands of men and
■women are engaged in bearing burdens |
to Quito and other towns. It takes eix
tsen Indians about thirty days to convey
a piano to Ecuador's capital from the
i arest point.
A GROWING-INDUSTRY :
Coffee Growing Has Proved a
Success in Tropical Africa.
The coffee growing industry in tropical
Africa is developing tremendously. Th«
seed was introduced into the country
about five years ago by some mission
aries, with the object of ascertaining
whether the resources of the country
were favorable to the culture of the ar
ticle. The ground appears peculiarly
adapted to the industry, since last year
100 tons of coffee were exported from
Uganda alone, and the result of this
year's production will be even greater.
MILLIONS OF TONS OF COAL.
There are 20,000,000 tons of coal brought
into London every year.
THE SOUVENIR BUTTONS
A Junior button is given to every con
tributor for his first paper printed, pro
vided it is not a prize winner nor an
"honorable mention." Only one Junior
Button a year is given, and this is sent
without application. The new year began
Sept. 8, 1900.
An Honor Button is awarded for an
"honorable mention," and is sent without
An Honor Button is awarded to every
Junior who has three papers printed
which are neither prize winners nor hon
orable mentions. These must be claimed
by the winner, giving dates of publication.
An Honor Button is awarded for an
accepted contribution to the Storyteller
column, and is sent without application,
together with an order for a book.
Any number of Honor Buttons may b*
A Prize Button is awarded for every
prize paper, without application. Two
prizes only in one year may be won.
All of these, except the Honor Buttons
awarded for three papers printed, are sent
out the Monday following publication, and
all notices of failure to receive them must
be sent to the editor on the Saturday fol
lowing the publication.
How to Prepare the Papers.
Write in ink, on one side only of th»
paper. Leave a space of three inches at
the top of the first page. Use no head
lines. Put the number of words in tha
upper left-hand corner of the first page.
Sign the name and residence at the end
at the right, the grade and school at tha
end at the left.
Any pupil of a public school. In any
part of the United States who is in or
above Fifth Grade, may contribute to the
Storyteller. These stories may be true
or fiction, and upon any subject preferred
by the writer. They must not be less than
600 words in length, and should not ba
The Higrh School Credit Contests.
These contests are for writers in and
above the Ninth Grade.
Two prizes of $15 and $7.50 for pictures
or bookc for the school are awarded every
three months to the two high schools
■winning the highest number of credits
The first prize of $15 may be won but
once during the school year.
Winners of the second prize of $7 sn
are not barred from winuing the first
No school in Minneapolis and no town
In the northwest will be given more than
one High School Credit a week.
A Journal Junior Prize Button is Bent
for the first High School Credit paper of
each competitor during the quarter.
The second quarter begins March 2 1901.
and ends June 8, 1901.
The Pri*e Pictures.
The pictures which are given as prizes
during the school year become the exclu
sive property o£ the schoolrooms upon
whose walls they are hung. They remain
permanently in the room which the win
ner attended when he or she won the
prize, and under no circumstances are to
be removed to another room in the same
school, to another school or to a private
Harington Beard, the well-known art
dealc and collector of Minneapolis, is la.
charge of the framing and distribution
of the prize pictures for The Journal.
You cannot keep your copies of The
Journal Junior in good shape without a
binder. There are a few substantial
binders now at the office of The Journal
Junior, at the very reasonable rate of
60 cents each.