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LUCIAN SWIFT, J. & M.LAIN.
THE JOURNAL la published
KTerjr ; evening, except Sunday, at
AT-49 Fourth Street South, Journal
Building. Minneapolis, Minn.
' C. J., BiUsou, Manager Foreign Adver
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The Streets Are Theirs
According to the supreme court, the
j>eople of Minneapolis have no rights iv
the streets of this city which the tele
phone companies are bound to respect.
The supreme court has practically said
that the telephone companies can place
poles wherever they please, and the
property owners whose property may be
damaged thereby have no recourse.
The text oi the decision is not yet at
hand and the reasoning by which the su
preme court arrives at this conclusion is
not available. But certainly the people of
this city have suffered injury and outrage
enough to make it important to the tele
phone companies that they be more con
siderate of private interests and public
sentiment and less ready to disrespect
them than has been the rule heretofore.
Of course, the telephone companies must
erect to extend their systems and
liave facilities for doing business, and
the law makes it possible for them to oc
cupy the streets where the alleys would
do justas well, but the policy of the com
pany which persists in putting unsightly
poles on residence streets to the great
damage of valuable property, has led to
opposition and bitterness of feeling which
a more considerate policy on the part of
the company would succeed in avoiding.
It will pay any public service corporation
to make friends rather than enemies, es
pecially when it is just as easy to ac
cumulate friendship as it is to load up
with the hostility of individuals and the
The iron ore roads would change the
maxim. They think it is a poor rule that
works both ways. They would like to
(have the railroad commission open the
question of rates and relieve them of the
reductions made by the last commission,
but when the railroad commission pro
poses that a rehearing be opened upon a
Stipulation acknowledging jhe commis
sion's authority to inquire into and fix
the rates, they hold back. The people
of the state are watching the perform
ances of this new commission with c great
deal of interest and will be concerned to
know what line of policy it decides to
The Globe refuses to take legal advice
from the attorney general's office any
longer unless the attorney general and hia
associates consult it first. That's right;
what the Globe doesn't know about law
would be found of great value to the legal
department of the state.
The first session of the parliament of
the new Australian Federation was opened
at Melbourne yesterday, with all the im
pressiveness which stately ceremony,
brilliant decorative features and sartorial
extravagance can impart, emphasized by
the presence of the Duke of Cornwall and
York, the Duchess and their entourage,
•who symbolized the nominal sovereignty
of the British monarchy.
The federation of New South Wales,
Victoria, Queensland, South Australia,
West Australia and Tasmania, has been
brought about by negotiations running
through several years, and the final
agreement upon a constitution contain
ing features which closely resemble some
of our own, was accomplished with but
elight deference to the wishes of the
mother country. The latter long since
gave up the idea of- coercing any of her
colonies, for her experiment with the
American colonists at the close of the
eighteenth century was conclusive with
her that it is a losing game, and that,
after all, the British crown gets more
honor and glory as the progenitor of
great English-speaking- nations which are
destined to become world-powers.
Ultimately, the Australian Federation
will become the Australasian Federation by
the adhesion of New Zealand and Fiji.
The "tight little isle," off the northwest
ern corner of Europe, has borne daughters
of which she may well be proud. They
become autonomous, but they are go
•under the influence of free institutions in
herent in the mother country. The Aus
tralian Federation looms up grandly upon
a continent which was once a transmarine
Jail, whither desperate , criminals and
rogues and vagabonds of every descrip
tion, who were sent to the American col
onies until the latter refused to take
them, were dumped. They were shoveled
out of the mother country by shiploads
until the colonists of Port Philip drove
the British convict ships from their har
bor to Syndey and the people of Sydney
ordered them to Tasmania, and Tasmania
refused, in turn, to permit them to land
their foul cargoes. Thus the early
settlers took an independent stand, from
the first, against anything they deemed
an unjust imposition on the part of the
mother country. After the gold discov
eries, the colonies with great rapidity
progressed in wealth and population.
The parliament, which opened yester
day, has an upper and lower house, whose
members are elected by the people, each
state electing six members of the upper
house and members of the lower house
on the basis of population. There is a
high court with constitutional powers
similar to those of our federal supreme
court, and. instead of a single executive,
the British plan of a responsible ministry
has been adopted, with duration of power
dependent upon its ability to maintain a
majority in parliament. Revenue bills
must originate in the lower house and
they cannot be altered or amended in the
upper house, which mußt either accept or
reject them altogether. The new parlia
ment of the new federation begins busi
ness under most favorable auspices. It
has the large experience of the world's
legislatures to guide it, and the best
wishes of Americans accompany the new
nation of about 4,000,000 people. The
United States started business with about
3,000,000 people. 112 years ago, and Ameri
cans are naturally somewhat proud of the
record made during that time. The pro
gressive and liberty-loving Australians
will, no doubt, have a magnificent record
of progress to show at the close of the
Last night's work will be taken by some
inconsiderate people as a reflection upon
the efficiency of the police service under
this administration. Here is the secretary
of the mayor himself, the man who has
had so much to do with making the police
force what it is, waylaid on the street,
shot at and his life endangered and when
he blows his police whistle, as one ac
count says he did, there is no reponse.
If the secretary had not been pretty handy
with his own gun, as he tells us, he might
have been shot to pieces within call of his
own door and no help for it from the police
James J. Corbett Is said to have lost
J12.000 in Wall street yesterday. Jim
doesn't seem to have any better luck at
bull fighting than at the other kind.
The Great Shrinkage
The Wall Street "boom" suffered some
thing like a collapse yesterday and the
boomers feel a little sore over their re
markable exertions of the past few weeks.
The clerks, merchants, lawyers, doctora.
telegraph operators, farmers and other of
the "common people," as Bryan calls
them, together with numerous women,
who have been doing their level best at
the gambling resort in Wall street to put
up prices of stocks by dumping their sur
plus nickels into the speculative mael
strom, are no doubt hit rather hard. This
experience will not cure them, however,
of the habit of just taking their chances
at kite-flying. The brokers did well.
Last week they pocketed commissions ag
gregating about $2,000,000.
One thing is absolutely certain. Had
not this country been in an extraordin
arily prosperous conditon, the fury of
Wall street speculation would have con
gealed some time ago. As it is, the real
wealth of the country will continue to in
crease; the railways will continue to
earn good money, even if their shares de
scend from the Alpine heights to which
they have been kited by the wild enthu
siasm of people who have been thinking
that the uproarious fandango at the stock
exchange would continue forever. The
millionaire manipulators of the stock
n;aiket may feel that they have unloaded
almost enough on the public. At least
they ought to. The public have certainly
come in touch with them and have taken
all the alluring baits they have offered.
About this time the public may have ar
rived at the conclusion that buying stocks
without any regard to price is a losing
business in the end. It is possible that
the prices paid for stocks in some enter
prises during the boom will be' Justified
in the future, but not a few sanguine
buyers will fnd themselves rich in paper
and—nothing more. The New York bank
ers, by restricting accommodations and
putting up rates for call money, can do
a good service for the public. They seem
to be inclined that way. The comparative
ease of money heretofore has simply aid
ed the fury of speculation.
Speaking of the kind words the country
papers have been saying about The
Journal, the Northfield News (Joel
H«atwole) says: "The Journal's
ability to get free advertising is almost
as great as that of some congressmen at
Washington." Not quite. Joel. There is
at least one congressman who excels and
he does not come from the first district
An ex-secretary of the United States
treasury a bankrupt with liabilities
amounting to $750,000 and no assets shows
that these are the days of the financier.
Bryan on Hill's Tour
The news, first published here in yes
terday's Journal, of the proposed
western trip of Mr. David B. Hill, has
reached the Commoner office at Lincoln,
Neb. To-day's issue of that paper con
tains an article on the first page about
Mr. Hill's trip and displays considerable
interest on the part of the editor of the
Commoner in the matter. It will be under
stood that Secretary Hazzard, of the dem
ocratic committee of Washington state,
is ostensibly arranging for the trip in
order to bring Mr. Hill to Washington for
a campaigning tour in 1902, and incident
ally he wishes to secure invitations from
chairmen of state central committees to
Mr. Hill, inviting him to visit and speak
in nearly all the states between the Missis
sippi river and the coast.
Almost anybody could discover in this
innocent proposition a scheme to boom
Mr. Hill for the presidency, and Mr.
Bryan evidently suspects the same pur
pose. He says:
As the states to be visited happen to be the
ones in which democrats, populists and silver
republicans ro-operate, it will be interesting
to know whether Mr. Hill will undertake to
persuade the democrats of the west to eppose
fusion and thus aid the republican party, or
whether he has become a convert to those
policies wirfch have led to the triple al
Naturally Mr. Bryan could not witness
such a grand tour on the part of Mr. Hill,
rivalling in extent that of President Me-
Kinley, without some apprehension as to
what it might mean for that cause to
which he has twice sacrificed himself, or
which, perhaps it might be better to say,
has twice sacrificed itself to him.
Briggs and Blodgett, the enterprising
men who are so largely concerned in the
nickel-ln-the-slot gambling business, have
found it very convenient to be out of
town during the investigations of the
grand jury. If now the grand Jury can
only find it practicable to make it unwise
for them to return the public will be much
gratified. A little document on file in the
county attorney's office might be able to
acomplish that result.
"The doctrine (of reciprocity) was heartily
accepted by MeKinley" (in 1890), says the
Minneapolis Journal. We rise to a point of
order. The statement is not germane to his
tory. The Journal forgets that the
policy of reciprocity was not in the house
bill of 1890; that it was injected into it by
the senate, and then only after Secretary
Blame, in the senate finance committee's
room, had smashed his silk hat in the energy
of his denunciation of what he termed "the
driveling idiocy" that opposed it. Let the
facts be told, even if they do pluck feathers
from plumed knights. That Mr. MeKinley
still accepts it as the right policy is in
dicative of his capacity to learn by experi
ence.—St. Paul Dispatch.
The Dispatch is not fair in that it in
jects tie figures in the parenthesis so as
to make it appear that McKinlej- accepted
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
reciprocity In 1890. The Journal did
not say so. It was talking of a later
period, of 1896 and 1900. Mr. McKinley
was the high priest of high protection in
1890, but he has learned moderation and
other things since then.
Never touched me—J. J. Hill.
P. S.—But it was too close for comfort.
—J. J. H.
The Battle The BlmDle tale x here re"
of Oak Park i s mO re or less oracular,
, "Od's bodkins, "zounds,"
and also "zooks"
"Pis also quite spectacular.
By every part of English speech
That masquerades in grammar
This tale of infamy anC gore
Is full of mellow drama.
For seventeen large and vicious men,
Dressed up a la assassin,
Took seventeen shots at Tliomas Brown,
Unleaa the boy is gasßln".
The mayor's private scribe forthwith
Unloosed a quick-fire battery
And filled the climate full of lead
Because his aim was scattery.
About IMH) neversleeps
Crouched in the central station,
Marched out upon the double quick
With only half a ration.
I/pon the battlefield they filed
With quick aid for the wounded,
And at the scene of slaughter there
They simply were dunifounded!
TUes? t)ii.ve men knowing all too well
They of their lives were riskers
Picked up upon that scene of gore
A mask and several whiskers.
But T. tteir anxious fears all&yed
In accents sophoruoric
And quenched their raging thirst for gore
lv foaming paregoric.
Professor (hrisniau of Kausas told the
mothers' oongiess that "the chief aim of
mothers is to display their daughters to the
best advantage iv the matrimonial market,"
and all the n'Othtrs became very indignant.
There are some things that ought not to be
The fishworm waist is going cut of style
in Paris and the big walsted woman is now
en regie. The wasp waist that showed it on
the outside when a lady swallowed a cherry
whole never was handsome.
"One Hundred Twenty-three and a half,"
He sold seme Northern Pacific.
The way tiiey ripped the hide from him
Was saiil to be terrific.
The Bemidjl Pioneer tells of the death of
a woman after an operation as follows: "The
ravages of the operation under anaesthetics
was more than she could subdue."
It is rumored that Mrs. MeKinley hasn't
lost her railroad ticket or misplaced the check
for her trunk so far on the whole trip. She is
after the record.
The old rule "never to sell anything you
haven't got" has been found to be a fine
thing by Northern Pacific shorts.
The Arizona irrigator wants ten pounds of
pressure on his presidential handshake just
as badly as the Dakota sod turner.
It would be a good one on John Bull if J.
Pierpont should step in and buy the Trans
Dr. Buckley asserts that women are not
fitted for debate. Where has that man been?
The broker in Wall street known as "Old
Danger Signal" has been indorsed.
There will be three more performances of
"When We Were Twenty-one" given by
George Clarke and his company of excellent
artists at the Metropolitan.
"The Village Parson," a pastoral melo
drama, with a well connected story contain
ing many exciting and thrilling situations
and climaxes, will hold the boards at the
Metropolitan for the entire week, commen
But three more performances remain of the
engagement the current week at the Bijou
of Walter Fessler's big scenic melodrama,
"The Great White Diamond."
A decidedly superior supporting company
is promised In support of Arthur Donaldson,
the singing comedian who Is to make known
the new Anglo-Swedish comedy-drama, "Carl
Carlson," at the Bijou next week. A pretty
love story, a coherent plot and a group of
beautiful songs are promised in this produc
tion. The advance sale is already of such
proportions as to presage a profitable en
Independent and Reliable.
To the credit of the Minneapolis Journal It
can be said that it is not only enterprising,
newsy and up-to-date, In all departments,
but it is more independent of party dfcta
tion, more conscientious In what it advo
cates and more reliable than most of the
city papers. It doesn't pattern after any
thing in Chicago or Boston, doesn't roll up
It's trousers' legs every time it rains in Lon
don, doesn't hark continually at Washington
for convictions or inspiration, and doesn't
work the high-morality-tremolo-racket mere
ly for effect. It is not blinded by prejudice,
takes an occasional look at the other side
and has the courage to stand by Its convic
tions, even when to do so may lose it patron
age or popularity. The Journal Is a
good all-around newspaper and we like to
read it, even though we can't subscribe to
all it advocates or indorses.
"Inas a Journal Scoop.
Sioux Falls Argus-Leader.
South Dakota people will be interested in
the story, first published -in Minneapolis, that
R. F. PetUgrew has won $100,000 in thirty
days of speculation on the New York Stock
Exchange—right on the lair of the "octopus."
They will be the more interested to know that
Mr. Pettigrew'a friends here corroborate the
story and say that his winnings are even
more than the sum named. These friends get
the story direct from the ex-senator, so that
Its reliability Is not to be questioned.
An Avrfnl Example.
Big Stone (S. D.) Headlight.
It Is reported that an eastern liquor deal
ers' association will put a troupe on the road
■to follow "Ten Nights in a Barroom" with
another highly moral play in which the lead
ing character will be Mrs. Nation. She will
be held up as an awful example. The title
of the play 1b "Ten Barrooms in a Night."
If There Is Any Left.
Kansas City Journal.
The decision of the United States supreme
court will leave Captain Carter's lawyers in
somewhat of a quandry as to how they are
going to get the rest of the money.
Discouraging for David.
. David B. Hill might just as well give up
All hopes of the democratic presidential nomi
nation. The St. Paul Globe this week comes
out in his favor.
Leave It to Hanna.
Little Falls Transcript.
Bryan writes in the Commoner that he will
not be a candidate for president again—un
less he is needed. Hanna will probably man
age it so he is needed.
The Imperial Prerogative.
When Emperor William gets weary of a
diet he shuts it off. This is where William
has a big advantage over people who board.
Schools and colleges exist for the purpose
of aiding us to keep up with the knowledge
of those who have never attended them.
Anxiom to Avert Disaster.
New York Press.
Apparently Providence believes in offering
Mr. Hogg of Texas every inducement to let
the government alone.
South Has the Idea.
Bavaria Is using American locomotives. No
part of the earth is now uninvaded by Ameri-
I can enterprise. j
Minneapolis Journal's Current Topic Series.
Papers by Experts and Specialists of National Reputation.
LIFE A CENTURY AGO.
XII.— SOCIAL ASPECTS OF POLITI
(By Alice Morse Earle, author of "The Sab
bath In Puritan New Englaud," "Stage
Coach and Tavern Days," etc.)
(Copyright. 1901. by Victor F. Lawson.)
In no phase of life in the United States has
«o great change taken place since the first
quarter of the nineteenth century as in what
Is popularly called "public life," especially
as seen In national politics. On the history
of political parties and distinct political
changes I will not write, but rather on what
may be termed the social aspects of political
The federal city had been planned by Ma
jor L'Enfant with great minuteness, and he
had seized ample farm lauds in Maryland
and Virginia on the banks of the Potomac
for the District of Columbia. A national
church wns planned to go where the patent
office now stands, devoted to monuments of
the illustrious dead, funeral orations and
patriotic sermons. Between the White House
and the capltol there were to be cascades an-J
gardens, and public buildings and houses for
the legations. But L'Enfant quarreled and
fell into disrepute end was turned out of of
fice. The city progressed without him, the
states subscribed money, prizes were given
for design* for the presidents house and the
capitol and—the unfailing resort of the day
lotteries were established to raise money.
Federal lottery, No. 1, was to build a '"hotel"
—a new French word then being adopted in
stead of the sturdy English word "tavern,"
■which Is to this day in many of our states
the only legal nomenclature for B*uch great
public houses as the Touraine In- Boston and
the Waldorf-Astoria in New York. For this
first lottery 50.UU0 tickets were sold at $7
each; the hotel, which was to cost $50,000,
was the first prize. The tickets sold so slowly
that a number of Georgetown citizens. In
self-defense, bought them all; the drawing
waa done and the hotel was put up on the
site now covered by the postofflce. Federal
lottery, No. 2, languished on account of rival
lotteries, especially those to build piers on
the Delaware, to aid the city of Paterson and
for a library lor Harvard college.
WusliiiiKtuii City in 1800.
A chronicler wiho was in Washington in
1796 declared that he would never have known
a city was intended there save for the capi
tol and the White House, or palace, as it was
called for some years, which were nearly fin
ished. There were about 150 scattered houses,
but no gardens, canals or bridges. There
was much talk as to the city's name. A dog
gerel poem in the New York Journal ends:
"To please every son of a great and free peo
Pray let it be christened plain Washington
Even by 1800 Oliver Wolcott found Wash
ington scarcely habitable. He could look
over an area nearly as great as the city of
New York and see only a few brick kilna
and temporary huts. Near the capitol was
the one good tavern of lottery fame. Poor
■Mrs. Adams came there in November, 180U,
for her few months' stay, and described to
her daughter her surroundings with the bril
liant pen that made her letters an enrichment
of our history and literature:
"I arrived here without meeting with any
accident worth noting, except losing ourselves
when we left Baltimore, and going eight or
nine miles on the Frederick road, by which
means we were obliged to go the other eight
through the woods, where we wandered two
hours without finding a guide or the path.
Fortunately, a straggling black came up with
us and we engaged him as a guide; but woods
are all you see from Baltimore until you
reach the city which is only so in name. Here
and there is a small cot, without a glass win
dow, interspersed among the forests. In the
city there are buildings enough, if they were
compact and finished, to accommodate con
gress and those attached to it. But as they
are, and scattered as they are, I see no great
comfort in them. The river is in full view
of my window and I see the vessels as they
pass and repass. The house is on a grand
and superb scale, requiring about thirty ser
vants to attend and keep the apartments in
proper order and perform the ordinary busi
ness of the house and stables; an establish
ment very well proportioned to the presi-
Discovering' a Town.
Copyright, 1901, by C. M. Stevans.
When Slade's Camp was organized, he en
gaged ten cowboys from the northern part
of Mead county. On their way to the new
ranch they ran into a town where ten days
before they had been pasturing some cattle.
To them it was a good Joke, consisting of two
drug stores and a livery stable.
Bige Duty halted the riders, rubbed his
blinky eyes and roared: "Well, say, it's a
town, shore as snakes, and it's got to set
The two drug stores faced each other about
thirty yards apart. The riders came up be
tween them at full speed and stopped sud
denly enough to make the earth tremble. A
seedy individual appeared at each door and
stood there in silent expectation. The cow
boys were In the fabled predicament of the
donkey between two haystacks. There were
refreshments at equal distances on each side
and nothing to indicate a choice. Over one
door was a shingle bearing the simple words.
"Dr. Martin's Drug Store"; over the other
they read. "Dr. Foley's Drug Store."
Dr. Martin spoke first.
"Looking for the bank?"
Bige Duty blinked several times at the in
"Nope; looking for the bar."
Dr. Martin put his hands akimbo. Jerked
bis head back and laughed like a coyote.
" 'Taint got here yet. You'll find It on the
road from West Plains about 'steen Jumps
ahead of the bank."
Bige Duty blinked a few more ■Clinks than
■before and remarked: "Well, say, you're a
humorous cuss. Must had something stimu
lating recently. Perhaps you'd be willing to
fetch us up to your standard. Boys, dis
mount and pay your respects to the funny
pill-pusher of the prairies."
A resounding volley testified to their ap
preciation of his merits. • ,
They dismounted and crowded their way
Daily New Yorß Letter. * *
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
Fake CompanleN in Oil.
May 10.—All persons familiar with the cus
toms and manners of the financial district are
looking for a big "movement in oil." Not in
the. commodity itself, but in the thousand
and one "fake" companies at this time en
gaged In promoting corporations to make the
everlasting fortunes of the persons who sub
scribe to their shares. A large percentage of
these philanthropic affairs, claiming to own
gushers in California and Texas, are expected
to depart for places unknown within the next
few days, and their addresses will hardly be
left behind. The cause of this general
"movement" in oil stocks can be traced to
the grand jury, which has been charged by
Judge Foster of the court of session*. The
grand Jury, in conjunction with the district
attorney, will immediately get busy in the
financial district and Inquire into the methods
and assets of the numerous corporations
whose advertisements fill the columns of the
daily papers of the country. Most of these
companies have handsome offices, large
"maps" of their "oil fields" in either of the
states where oil excitement is now plentiful,
and have some kind of papers or other pur
porting to indicate owners-hip in the "valu
able" land in question. They have hand
somely engraved stock books and a total
issue of from 11,000,000 to J5.000,000 of "treas
ury stock" at the par value of from $1 to $10,
which they sell at from 10 cents to fl a share.
Then, when the deluded investors get too hot
on the trail of the promoters, there is a sud
den closing up of the office some dark night,
and the "financiers" behind the Enterprise
the next day are found to have gone.
Successor* of the Mining- Co.'i.
These oil companies are simply old ac
quaintances under new names. They are the
natural successoro of the various companies
formed last spring and whose prompters in
their announcements promised to convert the
golden sands of Alaska's beach into unlimited
coin of the realm for the enrichment of the
dent's salary. The lighting of the apart
ments from the kitchen to parlors and
chamber Is a tax indeed, and the fires we are_
obliged to keep to secure us from daily agues
is another cheerful comfort. To assist, us in
this great castle bells are wholly wanting,
not one single one being hung through the
whole house. * * • Surrounded by forests,
can you believe that wood is not to be had,
because people cannot be had to cart it! A
small part, a few cords only, has Bineseler
been able to get. Most of that was expended
to dry the walls before we came in, and yes
terday the man told him it was impossible
for him to procure It to be cut and carted.
He has hajd recourse to coals, but we cannot
get grates made and set. We have, indeed,
come into a new country."
THE NATIONAL CAPITOL IN 1820.
VIEW OF THE WHITE HOUSE, 1315.
LATROBES PICTURE OF MOUNT VERXOX, IT9B.
into the pine board, tar paper shanty. Bige
Duty inquired for the stimulants.
"Can't do it, boys. It's against the law
unless you are sick and have a doctor's pre
scription. Besides, there isn't a drop ot
whisky In the town. It's temperance."
One of the men had been looking at the
bottles on a shelf labeled "Alcohol." "Ain't
"Of course it Is," said Bige Duty, taking
the bottle and inserting his nose into the
neck. "You don't have to go to school to
know that. Any one with half a nose can
see that alcohol has got whisky in it."
He transferred the bottle-neck from his nose
to his mouth and took a swig before Dr.
Martin could snatch it out of his hands.
"Great Scott," cried the doctor, "that's
ninety-nine per cent pure."
Bige Duty stared at him without blinking
or resenting the statement. Then his chest
began to heave and without a word he
grabbed his throat -with both hands. He
'bent over and gyrated like a bucking broncho.
No one had ever seen Bige Duty perform like
that 'before, and something serious might
have happened if the boys hadn't been reas
sured by Dr. Martin's star-gazing, coyote
Bige collapsed upon one of the boxes and
gulped a score of sounds which his comrades
at last discovered were an attempt to speak.
"Well, say, that's good," he ejaculated in
about a dozen pieces, with half a minute to
each. "It's a corker on sickness. Makes me
feel purty near well. If any of you feel faint,
try it on. It's a cyclone. But you couldn't
stand such a twister. Doctor, just tone it
down to a gentle breeze and give 'em a dose.
They're too weak to stand up against it at
"I don't see any signs of sickness," an
swered the doctor, forseeing an unprofitable
depletion of stores.
"You don't," yelled Bige Duty, pulling his
gun; "then look again." The doctor said
their slight attack of faintness from total ab-
lucky stockholders. After the complete evap
oration of a score ot more of highly capital
ized Klondike companies the year before, it
did not seem as though enough gullible per
sons could be found In the United States to
enable the financiers of the new enterprises
to float $15,000,000 of beautifully engraved
stock in Cape Nome companies organized for
the purpose of reducing the Alaska beach to
gold. Yet a dozen or more of these compa
nies did issue elaborate prospectuses offering
low-priced shares of stock on which wonder
ful returns were guaranteed, and thousands
of dollars -were raked in v before the officers
of the mining companies decided to shut up
shop and seek other climes. However, it is
not to be expected that the same persons who
bought Klondike shares two years ago made
any extensive purchases in Nome stock last
year. Nor is it likely that the investors In
either of those securities are falling over
themselves to break into the sacred circle of
oil magnates dealing in -wildcat Texas and
California oil companies at this time.
Trusts In Real Estate.
Individual real estate dealers are not par
ticularly happy over the organization of still
another company to speculate in improved
real estate and other high-class property.
Several such corporations have recently been
formed, and they are operating on a large
scale In the best property in the city, which,
it may be remarked, is about the only prop
erty In which interest la being shown at this
time. There is absolutely no call for prop
erty that la in the slightest degree "off
color." Many of the individual real estate
operators, puzzled aa to the exact result of
the appearance of real estate companies in
the field, have taken stock in the big corpora
tions, either directly or through dummies.
These operators appreciate that in addition to
the manifest advantages resulting from a
combination of forces, there is great gain for
every one concerned in real estate operations
controlled by large capital which is immedi
ately available. Whether the individual deal
er will entirely disappear aa a result of the
comparative new Idea of trusts in real estate
FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 10, 1901.
In the' Days of Prmldeat Jefferson.
Soon Mrs. Adams was gone, and Mrs. Madi
son presided for the wifeless president, Thom
as Jefferson. She provided bountiful but far
from elegant dinners for the guests of the na
tion. A member of congress who sat at the
president's board thus describes the dinner:
"The round of beef of which the soup is
made is called 'bouilliV It had in the dish
spices and something of the sweet herb and
earlie kind, and a rich gravy. It is very
much boiled and is still very good. We had a
dish with what appeared to be cabbage much
boiled; then cut In long strings and some
what smashed; in the middle a large ham,
with the cabbage laid around. It looked like
By C. M. Stevans.
stinence could be cured at once by his specific
remedy of an ounce of simple syrup and aqua
pura cut with a teaspoonful of high proof
But it was a failure. Every dose increased
their burning wants. They continued to im
bibe the specific until Dr. Martin's first-class
drug store had to close its doors for lack of
In a most unsteady state, they managed to
wade through the grass across Main street
from the bankrupt concern to Dr. Foley's.
They found Dr. Foley's door locked. Be
cause of this chilly reception they shot it so
full of holes that it was declared to be an
elegant saloon door screen. Dr. Foley was in
his storm cellar and they brought him out
minus a coat collar.
Bige Duty ordered him to feel each pulse
and see if they didn't need something for de
pressed spirits. Dr. Foley complied. He pre
scribed whisky and quinine, the quinine to.
be taken as desired and the whisky likewise.
All of the genuine article he had in stock was
In Dr. Foley's own private flask. It was soon
exhausted and there was nothing left but
half a dozen bottles of an anciently celebrated
stomach bitters. When these had gone the
way of the doctor's whisky, the interior of
the house looked as if lightning had struck
it simultaneously from all quarters of the
Dr. Foley was gone and they decided to re
visit their genial friend over the way. Bige
Duty was in the lead when they got out of
"Well, say," he exclaimed, "I didn't know
that I was born to be king of the measuring
worms! Well, say, you fellers, just reach up
like you meant to fly and then you spread
out like army worms nosing for a cornfield
trail. Well, say, you must think you are
flails beating out flax. Well, say, boys, at
this this speed it will take till to-morrow for
us to flop across Main street."
When they got over to Dr. Martin's there
was no response to their calls. They broke
is a question, but it is very certain the In- ]
vestor will not organize himself into a trust,
and In that connection the broker, assured
of many commissions, takes comfort. New
York real estate never had a brighter outlook
than at this time. While the people are
wildly excited over the stock market, the
long-headed real estate men are laying up a
supply of the best real estate for the time
when' thousands of investors who are now
flirting with the tape shall look around for a
security that will cause them less worry than
railroad and industrial stocks and yield them
as good an income and as large eventual
profits. Then when there are fewer purchas
ers for stocks and more for real estate, the
big holders will unload at a handsome profit.
This Is the principal business for which the
real estate corporations have Just been
formed and in which they are apt to be most
A Tru»t in Warships.
Bargain counter rates and the ready-made
clothing idea are both combined in the plan
of operation of the latest arrival In the trust
field. To build and equip warships for the
nation.* of the earth is the proposition ad
vanced by a $50,000,000 corporation now in
course of formation, and the company pro
poses to do the building and equipping while
the customer waits, too. The concern is to
include several prominent manufacturing
concerns dealing in arms, armor plate, ma
chinery, steel and ship building and possess
ing large and Important plants. As the name
of Flint, Eddy & Co. appears in the forma
tion of the corporation, and as Charles R.
Flint, the great trust organizer, is the head
of this financing firm, the concern takes on
added importance. The fine steel manufac
turers to form a part of the combine are not
connected with the United States Steel Cor
poration, and by combining them with the
shipbuilding interests and the manufacturers
of arms, a combination will be formed that
can do a tremendous business in supplying
fully equipped navies to the smaller countries
of the earth. It Is possible, too, that some of
the larger countries may find it convenient
our country dishes of bacon and cabbage with
the cabbage mashed up after being boiled till
sodden and turned dark. The dessert goods
much as usual, except two dishes which ap
peared like apple pie in the form of the half
of a musk melon, the flat side down, top
creased deep, the color a dark brown."
This dinner of boiled beef and '-greens"
and "apple slump" could scarcely have been
one of the days when the steward said: "The
day's provisions often c-ost as much as $50."
States dinners were served at 3 o'clock in the
afternoon; at them was supplied ample port
and madeira. At a state dinner in 1612 the
desserts was ice creams, preserves, macaroons,
fruits, nuts and raisins; when, It having
reached, candle-light time, the ladtes left
the table. It gave the English minister.
Jackson, much amusement when at his first
state conference with the president a negro
servant knocked at the door and brought in
a tray amply set with punch and seed cakes.
Washington Irving attended a dinner at the
White House In 1813 and found Mrs. Madison
and her sisters, "fine, pretty, buxom Merry
Wtrea of Windsor, but as to Jemmy Madison
—ah. poor Jemmy! he Is but a withered little
Jefferson* Gigantic Chee«e.
i The first New Yerr's day of Jefferson in the
White House, In IS«'2, saw a very curious and
j unconventional scene. Massachusetts men
were federalists to an astonishing degree and
hated Jefferson with all the hatred posslbla
in a good, narrow, bigoted people for one
whom they believed an impious rascal. But
the townspeople of Cheshire, influenced by
its preacher. Elder Leland, were to a man
The elder was a sort of Baptlst-quaker, re
vivalist, eccentric, excitable, a ready and per
suasive speaker, a friend of Jefferson and a
disciple of the broad principles of the declara
tion of independence. The women of Cheshire
were famous cheesemakers and the elder of
the goodwives evolved the notion of a mam
moth cheese to be sent to the new president
as a congratulatory gift. The cheese wit
made. It was said that every cow in towif
furnished curd. It was pressed in a cider mill
for ten days. It was dragged on a sledge tf
Hudson by four horses and shipped then<-s
to Washington. The elder -went with the
cheese, "preaching all the way." The cheese
was accompanied by an address, "The Great
est Cheese in America for the Greatest Man
in America." A ropy of this address was
conveyed to Mr. Jefferson a day in advance
that he might prepare and write out a reply.
Then they went to the executive mansion,
said their speech, gave the chees?, heard
the president's speech. It was dclared to be
a "free-will offering,'* was "but a pepper
corn of their love," and so on with much
formality and pomp of words. Every one
supposed the cheese was a gift from the
Cheshire dames, and perhaps It was; but in
Mr. Jefferson's financial diary at that date
is this entry: "Gave Rev. Mr. Leland, bearer
of the cheese of 1.235 pounds, $200," wnieh
was at the rate of 16 cents a pound, the
price current for cheese being 11 cf-nts a
pound. By which it would appear that the
elegsmt. courtly, witty, distinguished elder
came out somewhat ahead of either the presi
dent or the Cheshire dames in this transaction
—though we know not what use was made of
his dollars. The cheese, somewhat variegated
in appearance and quality and diminished in
size, was still at the White House parlor a
"Old Hickory" Gets a Cheese Also.
In 1837 a band of Jackson democrats who
thought Jackson ought to have everything
Jefferson had, sent "Old Hickory" a mam
moth cheese. After being exhibited In vari
ous towns and in the vestibule of the White
House, it was cut at an afternoon reception
on Feb. 22. The cheese weighed 1.400 pounds,
but every one who chose could hack, eat
and carry away; and at night but a small
piece was left for the president's consump
tion. He had plenty of the cheese, however—
too much, In fact—for many a day,, for the
White House furniture and the Whit© House
carpets were slippery and redolent of cheese,
it is said, ever after during their term of
&Kjl£Z (M&1SI (owil'L
the door in but Dr. Martin was not to be
It was now dark and growing quite cold.
One of the men tried to light a lamp, but
the thing broke and spilled all the oil. An
other attempted to make a lire in the llttlo
stove, but, when the iron box ha,d just begun
to get hot, it turned over and filled the room
so full of smoke that they had to crawl out
and lie on the grass. Pretty soon the house
itself gave them plenty of light and heat.
"Well, say," exclaimed Bige Duty, waking
up toward morning and finding nothing but
the moon overhead and the grass beneath,
"this is an inhospitable town. Let's go over
to the livery stable and sleep In the hay."
Three of four were able to follow him, but
when they got to the stable there was not a
horse nor a man to be found. By this time
they were sober enough to remember that
they had some horses of their own. Their
faithful animals had never been known to
stray, but a little search disclosed tie fact
that they were gone. Nothing remained but
for thorn to go back to their comrades and
wait till morning.
M'hen daylight came they opened their eyes
on rather a disquieting sight. Not one «f
thorn had a gun, and fifteen men sat on the
grass near by eating an early luncheon fur
nished by Dr. Foley.
"Hoys* don't make yourselves uncomfort
able," said a man whom they recognized as
the sheriff of Mead county; "you can have
all the chuck that's left and we won't start
for the cooler till you've got the kinks out
of your legs."
A week later they all came out of the West
Plains jail and mounted their horses by [he
tide of their employer. He paid the lamagi-s
end fines and each of the boys put bis nitna
on an agreement to keep the peace thereafter
and to lorfeit three months' wages.
"Well, say," said Blge Duty as be put his
name down, "how could anybody do anything
e'se with such whiaky and bittera iv such a
to make some purchases from the same
source. The announcement of the formation.
of this unique trust was made somewhat pre
maturely, but Is confirmed.
The Skilled Walter's Bn*y Seaioa.
The man to get about the quickest returns
from a thorough knowledge of his calling, at
least as far as Xew York is concerned, is the
skilled waiter. At Sherry's, Pelmonieo's,
Rector's and the Waldorf-Astoria the waiters
are paid S7 cents a day, and on this founda
tion they make an average of $150 a month.
The difference, of course, represents the tips,
and the better the waiter the bigger the tips.
In all New York the best waiter* are those
who come from the German cantons of Switz
erland. AH Swiss waiters are competent,
most of them being educated in the waiters'
school at Geneva, and obtain positions over .
here through a German employment agency.
In June large numbers of these waiters can
be found making their way back to the little
Swiss towns to spend the dull months with
relatives. These Swiss waiters speak two
tongues as a pule, French with either Ger
man or Italian. In their school they are
taught how to deal with the chef, how to
serve the courses of an elaborate dinner, how
to stand, how to talk, how not to talk, and
the hundred and one other little things that
go to make the polished and dignified "man
behind the chair." —N. N. A.
We'll Try to Bear It.
Sioux City Journal.
And to think that Pettlgrew will not be in
the senate next winter to introduce a resolu
tion of inquiry as to who furnished Uta presi
dent's "palatial special"!
Who Scored Ftratt
Sioux Palls Argus-Leader.
And now the Minneapolis papers are scrap
ping about who got that Pettlgrew story first.
Let the Argus-Leader be judge. The
Journal printed it first and the Tribune
put the winnings the biggest.