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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, June 29, 1901, Image 15

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-06-29/ed-1/seq-15/

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SATURDAY EVEJNIJNIG, JUNE 29. 1901.
Books and Authors
By-Wny« of War. The Story of the Fili
busters. By Jarres Jeffery Roche. Boston:
Small, Maynard & Co.
Mr. Roche suggests that the original fili
busters were the Norsemen, who exploited
their adventurous spirit whtn piracy was
considered a legitimate vocation. Filibuster
ing was again the vogue when Cortei raided
Mexico and introduced the system on the
whole coast of Central and South America.
The Buccaneers were filibusters who merci
lessly. warred against the rich towns of the
Spanish Main. Mr. Roche includes Aaron
Burr among the filibusters, tor he planned
the conquest of all Spanish North America for
—Burr. There were other filibusters who
sought to carry out Bun's idea in whole or in
part. '•Davy" Crockett was one of these.
The massacre cf tho Alamo stimulated the
filibustering spirit which ultimately brought
independence to Texas and then added Texas.
to the union. The filibustering expeditions
against Cuba began with that of Lopez and
practically ended with the Vlrginius expedi
tion, ill-starred, in 1873. Of William Walker,
the' greatest American filibuster, there is
much prtnted in this book, After trying law,
medicine and journalism, Walker began his
career of adventure by going to California In
1850. After fighting a few duels there, he
planned the conquest of the western states
of Mexico and made extravagant offers to
meu who would enlist under him. He was
badly defeated, trie>l and acquitted, and then
devoted his attention to Nicaragua, where he
set up a government which was recognized
by President Pierce, but the Walker republic
soon went to grief and the great filibuster
surrendered to Captain Davis of the United
States navy. Walker had less than 3.000 men
when he set up his government, and his op
ponents had 21,000 men, 15,000 of whom per
ished in ihe campaign.' Walker made another
attempt on Nicaragua, which failed. He was
a remarkable man. He kept orrter in Nicara
gua with more success than had any native
ruler, and he came very near making his
venture a permanent success. Mr. Roche says
he was like Cortez in some respects, but not
as cruel. He was brave and Insensate to
hardship and danger, as was Cortez. Most
all tha filibusters with Walker were southern
men, who believed in "expansion."
The Westminster Biographies. George
Eliot. By Clara Thompson. Boston: Small,
Maynard & Co. Price, 75 cents.
This biography is very well prepared. The
author has admirably Bet forth the motive
and spirit of the Eliot novels, which have to
day a strong hold on thoughtful people and
will, no doubt, hold their own for a long
time in the future —at least some of them
will. As this biographer says, George Eliot's
books "generally leave a profoundly sad im
pression, for, while describing the sufferings
of mankind, she offers no very satisfactory
solution of life problems." George Eliofs
faith, religious faith, evaporated gradually
under the influence of the hopeless and un
satisfactory teachings of Sarah Hennell and
her brother. ■ Her beautiful agnostic hymn
contains nothing really tangible by an im
nsortal spirit. Life In minds made better by
some human influence is noi. sufficiently sat
isfying for the human soul, oppressed with
a sense of shortcomings; and then George
Eliot's attachment to George Lewes, a man
who had a wife, marred her preachments as
a regenerator of the morals of the world.
Her Majesty's Minister. By William Le
Queux, author of "Zoraida," "Scribes and
Pharisees," etc. New York: Dodd, Mead
& Co. Minneapolis: Wm. Donaldson & Co.
Price, $1.50.
Mr. Le Queux in this book has given his
readers a rather thrilling insight into the
storm and stress, as well as the brighter side
of diplomatic life. The story is told by Ger-.
aid Ingram, second secretary and confidential
officer of the British ambassador at Paris,
and, while to a considerable extent a narra
tive of Britain's work, thwarting the machi
rattons of foreign powers, as the threatened
purchase of the island of Ceuta from Spain
by France, so menacing British control of
the Mediterranean, the second secretary gives
a very thrilling account of the adroit work of
numerous spies, male and female, and of his
own love affairs with two women, one a cele
brated beauty and spy with whom he fell |
desperately in love and imperiled his position j
as an attache of the British embassy, to see I
her. The other woman, an English girl, he
had loved before he encountered the beautiful
Y^lande, but she becomes a spy in behalf of !
the French government, in England, under!
compulsion of an Italian spy, who threatened
her with death If she did not take the tele
graph messages which passed and were tapped
between Downing street and Windsor palace, i
T!:ere is much about cipher messages, thefts j
of dispatches, the feigning of love by women
to extract state secrets from members of the ,
diplomatic corps, all of which is very inter
esting, but the reader will hardly commend
the secretary who relates the tale for his
Cullibility and for the ease with which he |
drops one love to take up another and showed
himself quite the prey of pretty women. He
l.ardly deserved the affection of Edith Austin,
the English girl, who was a strong factor of
the exposure of the nest of spies, whose work
she had been compelled to share. There is
room for some incredulity aa to Edith's for- .
lorn compulsory spy work; but the story is
v.ndealably very interesting and, in some pas- !
sages, really thrilling, notably those touching
use of the subtle alkali poison on envelops
and the dark machinations of Wolf and Ber
tini.
The Grape* of Wrath. A Tale of North
and South. By Mary Harriott Norris. Bos
ton: Small, Maynard & Co.
This i£ a story of the civil war, when fami
lies were divided and brothers and cousins
moved against each other on bloody battle
fields and there was great mourning !n the
land when the awful conflict terminated. The
title Is taken from "The Battle Hymn of the
Republic:
'•Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming
of the Lord;
He Is trampling out the vintage where the
grapes of wrath are stored."
The two Virginia girls, Patty and Virginia,
whose father Is in the Confederate army, are
ernt by him through the lines to his brother
In the north, the old family place being rather
uncomfortably located between the contending
r.rmies. Their sensitiveness to reflections
on the south and their life in the northern
home and the kindliness of their relatives to
them are Interestingly described. The girls
return to their Virginia home toward the
close of the war, and there they entertain
Lee and Jackson and other noted Confeder
ates until the surrender. The story of Cap
ta'n Rodiran's experience inside the Confeder
ate lines with the negro plunderers Is an In
teresting feature, and there is a recital of
suffering and self-sacrifice on both sides
which suggests very' forcibly the truth of
General Sherman's remark, "War is hell."
Phil Sheridan has a place in the story, with
his resistless cavalry. The two fiery young
southern g'.ris learned patience and self-con
trol dnr'ng their northern sojourn, and, in a
Signified way, set up housekeeping In the
half ruined ancestral Virginia home, after
burying the silver plate and other treasures.
The taking of Richmond and the eollapee of
the Confederacy a little later left the proud
Virginia with a half-broken heart; her father
and mother dead and her home in ruins. Yet
there is an intimation that she had heart
enough left to gravitate toward a federal offi
cer who had protected her and her sister in
the darkest hour.
The World of Graft. By JosJah Flynt
New York: McClure, Pb'llins & Co. Min
neapolis: N'd'hanie! McCarthy. Price, $1.25.
Mr. Flynt, who has written much about
tramps and the "submerged" populations
generally, devotes this bcok to thieves and
the idle, prodarrry classes generally. "A
crofter," he wy*. "is one who makes his
living, and son-etiires his fortune, by 'graft
ing.' He may be a political 'boss,' a mayor,
a chief of pc!;ce, a warden of a penitentiary,
a' municipal contractor, a member of the
'-wn council, a representative in the legis
' ''-re, a judre in the courts, a-d the upper
»crld may know him only in his official
■anacity: but. if the un-ier world has had
oorasion to approach him for purposes of
?r;>ft and found k'.-ro corrupt, he is imme
nately classified as an 'unmugged' grafter,
one whose portrait is not In the rogues' gal
lery, but ought to be. The professional thief
i.« the 'mugged' grafter; his photograph and
Bert.illon measurements are known and re
• rided." In the chapters entitled " 'Chi—An
Honart City." and " 'York'—a Dishonest
KHW BOOKS
City," the author sets forth the actual and
possible grafting in Chicago and New York.
Boston, called "A ' Plain Clothes Man's
Town,' " Is diagnosed as to its criminal side,
and thereafter, we have rarely interesting
revelations from the guild of grafts and ex
grafts about the situation in Qraftdom and
its future.
Mr. Flynt drew confidential communications
from bunco men, thieves and hoboes In their
own picturesque slang, and their. opinions
of their profession and of the powers that
be are worth recording and reading. In some
of the cities the grafters regard the pollco
as their best friends, and in others these
"guardians" have to be paid for their len
iency. Municipal corruption is shown up in
all Its abominable and detestable enormities.
Mr. Flynt is evidently sure of the Impregna
bility of his statements. Especially Interest
ing is the chapter entitled, "What the Dead
Ones Say Should Be Done." The "Dead
Ones" are those who have abandoned the
"World of Graft" and gone Into other busi
ness. One. "Dead One" told Flynt that "the
maiu tcouble with the police o' this country
Is that they're In politics," and "no man
liviu' can be crooked long in a community
where the pub is stuck on havin' things on
the level; I'm as sure o' that as I am that
you an' me is chewln' the rag now." • • •
"When I first started out'on the road I only
intended to steal a little; I didn't mean to
be a perfeshnul. It's the little stealln's that
make a man want the big ones, an' that's
how I got into the peter business. It's the
same thing with the coppers. You've got to
have 'em absolutely on the level, and the
pub has got to be with you, or they'll graft
right under your very nose."
There is sound philosophy In the "Dead
Oue's" remarks. The book Is a forceful
presentation of criminology from the crimi
nal side.
A Bibliography of Municipal Prob
lems and City Conditions. By Rob
ert C. Brooks. New York: Reform Club
Committee on City Affairs, No. 52 William
street.
This volume is of great value to the student
of municipal reform. It embodies the most
complete collection of titles and publishers of
books, pamphlets and periodical literature on
municipal affairs of the United States and
leading European countries, which the Re
form Club has yet issued. It contains over
12,000 different entries of subjects, topically
arranged and in the author list there are
S.OOO titles referred to under the names of
nearly 4,500 authors, the greater number of
titles being in the English language. The
principal topics indexed ar» nearly forty in
number, and among them are Bossism, Chari
ties, Civil Service, Elections, Fire Depart
ments, Finance. Garbage and Refuse Dis
posal, Home Rule, Libraries, Liquor Problem,
Parks, Municipal Ownership, Pavements,
Police, Proportional Representation, Sanita
tion, Schools, Sewage, Transit Facilities and
Water Supply. The indexing is admirably
done and the student will find his investiga
tions greatly facilitated. The volume reveals
the enormous Increase of public interest in
municipal reform during the last decade.
Within this period the movement for organ
ized municipal reform has commanded at
tention in every state of the union with more
or less zeal. A few years ago there were no
publications specially devoted to municipal
reform. To-day there are many, and the
; newspapers and periodical literature devote
much Bpace to the discussion and our consuls
in Europe contribute in their reports valu
able information touching the management
of municipal affairs abroad, where there are
examples of effective reform which can well
be imitated in our own country. The sub
ject index Indicates the largest discussion of
a subject which, a quarter of a century ago,
entered only slightly in the public thought in
this country. Upon actual municipal reform
this country has hardly entered. It is on the
threshold only. The incessant discussion has
not been in vain. Within another decade
there will be strong and successful action.
• The Hall of Fame. By Henry McCrack
en, chairman of the New York University
! senate. Illustrated. New York: G. P.
Putnam's Sons. Minneapolis; K. McCar
thy. Price, $1.75.
In this volume Chancellor McCracken of the
New York University, details the origin, con
stitution and purpose of the Hall of Fame,
. which was recently dedicated in New York
i with impressive ceremonies and addresses.
1 The site of the building was the scene of
many historic incidents in the earlier period.
The hall, with its colonnade, was designed for
an educational use, while it was architectur
' ally necessary to complete the symmetrical
I arrangement of the university buildings on
University Heights. The University accepted
the glfe of $100.000 for the construction of this
"Hall of Fame for Great Americans." It
contains 150 panels for inscriptions and at tho
end of every five years five additional panels
will be inscribed. Last year the commission
selected only twenty-nine great names. The
list is to be completed by A. D. 2000, and
statues and busts may be placed either in the
museum of the Hall of Fame or in the hall
itself. The sole purpose of the structure la
patriotic commemoration and the committee
j invited the public to send in names worthy of
honor to the senate of New York University,
• who selected 100 electors of names to be hon
ored out of those sent in. The committee's
decision resulted in the honoring of twenty
i nine names, of whom only thirteen received
their livelihood or fame through the service
of the state. The story of the work of selec
tion, familiar to the public, is given in de
tail, showing the fairness of tho assignment
; of electors according to the states and sec
; tions. The analyses of the vote is an inter
-1 esting feature of the volume. The judges
have, of course, met with some severe criti
cism. They have teen abused for slighting the
physicians, for selecting the three theologians
and preachers from two of the small religious
! denominations, but in such a matter, it is
impossible to give general satisfaction. The
Hall of Fame is regarded with deep interest
by the nation. As Dr. MacCracken says, the
hall will have a widening and Increasing in
: fluence upon the youth of America. "Its work
here Is In the realm of souls and souls are
immaterial," he says. "The memorial will
serve a high purpose by conferring honor
where honor is due. The national tribunal of
electors will promote unity of thought and
feeling. It will know no south or north: no
east or west. Its calm, clear judgment will
overrule sectional and rartizan outcry." The
volume contains biographies of the twenty
nine "immortals," with the text of the in
scriptions on the panels where their names
are inscribed, and extracts from editorial
newspaper comment throughout the country.
The Inheritors. An Extravagant Story.
By Joseph Conrad and Ford M. Hueffer.
New York: McClure, Phillips & Co. Min
neapolis: Nathaniel McCarthy. Price,
$1.50.
This is a rather "extravagant" story, as
the title indicates. It is, moreover, some
what incoherent. The heroine, calling her
self a "Fourth Dlmensionlst, who talks like
a phonograph reciting a technical work,"
plans a social, moral, religious and political
revolution, to abolish the existing order and
introduce a race, practical, incredible, with
no ideals, prejudices or remorse; no feeling
for art and no reverence for life; free from
all ethical tradition; callous to pain, weak
; ness, suffering and death. She herself has
j neither heart, conscience nor feeling. The
i woman accomplishes her cataclysm and vir
tue and probity vanish. The Fourth Dimen
sionist, who relates the story, was unable
to keep up with the procession and falls in
love with the female thaumaturge, with a
I result of black despair. The revolution ac
j complished by a woman makes the earth a
hell.
I Romola. Vols. I. and 11. and (including)
: Silas Marner. The Personal Edition of
| George Eliot's Works. Biographical lntro-
I duction by E*ter Wood. $3 per set New
I k:N DSca'?ny. Page&C °-: MiDneap-
These latest volumes of this fine edition of
Georg° Eliot's novels are amply illustrated
with views of localities referred to In the
I books, a feature which greatly enhances the
j interest in the stories, "Romola" and "Silas
Marner," stories entirely different in con
ception and construction and coloring, are
placed together. They present entirely differ
ent phases of the brilliant author's literary
ronstruotive ability. "Romola" is properly
described by Esther Wood in her Introduction
as "a laborious technique, deliberate and
self-conscious art: a monument of the indus
try of genius in a foreign air. rather thnn it*
quick and free movement on familiar
ground." George Eliot was at home and
without constraint when she wrote such
stories as "Adam Bede" md "Silas Marner,"
because she had breathed the atmosphere of
rural England and knew the folk of English
rural communitiea, as is shown in that fins
novel, "Silas Marner," where the local color
is so truly brought out and once read, no in
telligent reader can ever forget the picture of
Raveloe life, the squiro and his sons and
Silas, the weaver and miser, whose stony life
and inisanthrophy were softened ano. l-uii
quered by the coming into his home of a little
I golden-haired babe, who crept from the at-
I mosphere of a tragedy to his hearth. How
full of quaint philosophy is "Silas Marner,"
and how the kindliness and helpfulness of ap
parently unrefined human nature crop out
when an appeal to the bette* nature Is sil
ently made. What unconscious humor in the
rural mind is developed, as when Dolly, In
the kindness of her heart, takes her lard
cakes to poor Silas after the robbery, and
says, "I don't eat such things myself, for a
bit o' bread's what I like from one year's
end to the other; but men's stomichs are
made so comical, they want a change—they
do, I know, God help 'em." Among the illus
trations in "Romola" are the Veochlo palace,
where Savonarola was Imprisoned and the
interior of Savonarola's-cell and the cathedral
which witnessed the trial by fire. There Is a
facsimile of a portion of George Eliot's manu
script of "Silas Marner" and photos 'of iomt
of the old cottages at Raveloe oand Grift.
A History of the American People.
By Francis Newton Thorpe. Author of
"The Constitutional History of the United
States. 1765-1895," etc., etc. Chicago: A. C.
McClurg & Co. Price, $1.50.
This book is an excellent specimen of In
telligent condensation of historical facts. It
covers the history of this country from the
landing of Eric the Red on tha New Eng
land coast, In the year 986, to the begin
ning of the twentieth century. It is notable
for its clear and attractive account of these
latter years of Industrial and territorial ex
pansion; the struggle for the franchise
through the whole history of the nation and
the opposing political types of Hamilton, Jef
ferson and Franklin are distinctly defined.
The author reviews with a master hand the
great questions which have agitated our coun
try during the century past, and of special
Interest Is the chapter entitled "America in
Our Own Time." Touching apparent drift
from individualism to socialism in these lat
ter days, Dr. Thorpe says: "The state is
viewed to-day in an entirely different light
from that of a century ago. The industrial
ism of 1776 complained of too much govern
ment. To-day it complains of too little. Then
the state was not conceived as an organism
functioned to promote the general welfare;
now the state is conceived as the source and
fountain of justice, protection, and authority.
No one in Jefferson's time conceived of the
state as the true and exclusive owner of
rights and privileges in our day exercised
by common carriers, such as railroad, steam
ship, telegraph and traction companies. State
ownership, county ownership, city ownership
of such properties is no longer an unfamiliar
thought. The later constitutions are full of
"latent socialism of which those of the
eighteenth century contain no hint. Nor are
these later Instruments unsupported. A va
rious and voluminous body of legislation em
bodies an approving public opinion. There is
evidence here of a discontent which turns
with confidence to government as the com
mon protector and to national government as
supreme. The confidence bred by prosperity
is strengthened by the hope bred amidst ad
versity. The socialization of government has
begun." The author's review in his last
chapter is exceedingly interesting and sug
gestive.
Literary Notes.
fv,o, B*9 ™ f £°-J?*"Z York ' have lss"ed in
their Word Handbooks a volume on Taxi
dermy giving directions in the art of prepar
ing and preserving the skins of birds, mam
mals and fish and of stuffing and mounting
them.
..^ maU! Mayn*rd & Co., Boston, announce
The Road to Ridgely's," by a young writer
of Chicago, Forrest B. Crissey, who died be
fore he had read a page of proof of his book.
Crissey did reportorial work on the Omaha
World-Herald, and in 1893 went to Chicago
and made an unsuccessful effort to start a
mag there. He then wrote the story of
farm life in the middle west whose title has
been given.
Ernest Seton-Thompson's new book, "The
Lives of the Hunted." will not be completed
until the autumn. The volume will be elab
orately illustrated.
Professor John Flske, the philosopher and
historian, was born In Connecticut and his
original name was Edmund Fiske Green,
which was dropped for the name of his great
grandfather. Like John Stuart Mill, he was
alarmingly precocious at 6 years of age, when
he began to prepare for college, and when he
was 8 he had read all the ancient histories
and Shakspere and the other great English
poets, and had begun his Latin, and at 9 read
Greek. At 18 he was loaded to the brim with
reading of the eolid kind and digesting it
Then he went to Harvard. Harvard has no
more scholarly eon.
The Literary Era says: "A short time ago
a young author whose book had just been ac
cepted was talking to his publisher, John
Habberton, the genial author of 'Helen's Ba
bies' happening to be present. The pub
lisher finally turned t-.i the young writer
saying: 'Your book has one great element
of weakness, which, however, I hope may not
be fatal.' 'What is that?' replied the startled
youth, with almost a gasp of consternation.
'Well, it has not bean rejected by enough
publishers; it takes at least four or five rejec
tions to make a phenomenally successful
book.' The puzzled look of dismay on the
young man's lace gave way to a smile as his
critic turned to the veteran author at his
side and asked: "Wasn't that the case with
"Helen's Babies"? 1 Mr. Habberton, with the
courtly bow which his friends know so well
and which is only one of his many charms
promptly responded: 'It was rejected twen
ty-one times.' "
Maxim Gorky is the favorite author with
young Russia. He is an ex-baker's appren
tice and ex-tramp, according to a writer in
the Critic. The Scribner's will publish the
first of his novels to be translated into En
glish by Isabel Hapgood. The title Is "Tama
Gordyeef."
In Norway, government subsidies are given
to young writers of promise in order to pre
serve the pure Norwegian-Danish idiom. The
pension list this year includes the name of
a woman, author of a historical romance.
Where writers achieve popular fame with
out being able to make a decent living by
inkshed, the government increases the sti
pend to $1,100 or more.
The J. S. Ogilvie Publishing company, No.
57 Rose street, New York, have Issued a
love story entitled, "When We Were Twenty
one," developed from the play of the same
title, by H. V. Esmonds. The Peerless Se
ries. Illustrated.
During the present love letter boom, distin
guished Americans shouldp either burn or
turn the key on any collections of their old
love letters they may have on hand. No
man or woman of distinction is safe from the
publication of such reminiscential matter. If
the boomers can't get the real stuff, they sit
down and work off masses of sentimental
hysterics with titles to suit.
The Wardrobe Publishing company, Chi
cago, will issue the first number of the
Gentleman's Magazine in August. The new
venture will be edited by William Henry
Baker, who will devote his time to minister
ing to the interests of men.
>.;['.■ ■>'.".'""'?h;;^V;:*^\;rf o': ;i''*■!■■-•■■' .':.'■
I 1 gg t
ALLEN H. DE GROFF
The New Department Commander of
the WiscouHin O. A. R.—His Home
Is at Nelson, Wii.
Cure those unsightly pimples, applying
Satin-Skin Cream. Matchless for the com-
Dlexion. A heading emollient. Olson'«.
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUJSJNAL.
FULL-FLEDGED NURSES NOW.
THE GRADUATING CLASS AT THE STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE
INSANE, ST. PETER.
L-^ ; _ ...1 Wl ,r^ 51 K^B %i '^Bb^h
- Jin ■dSr ■. : i«. r £k **% ' vJI
Sabbath-School Lesson.
FOR JULY 7, 1001
God the Creator of All Tiling*— Gen.
X. 1 to 2:3.
By John R. Whitney.—Copyright, 1901.
Golden Text—ln the beginning God created
the heaven and the earth.—Genesis i., 1.
The course of studies upon which we now j
enter, and which will command our attention
for the next six months, begins with "The
Creation" and ends with "The Exodus." It
thus covers about 2,500 years of time, or more
than half of the interval between the creation
of Adam and the birth of Jesus of Nazareth,
I or the advent of "the first man," who "is of
the earth," and the advent of "the second
man," who "ia the Lord from Heaven." (I.
Cor. xv., 47.)
The prominent men whose lives gave char
acter to each successive period in these 2,500
i years were Adam, Noah, Abraham, the twelve
| patriarchs and Moses. And such was the
length of life in those days that there was no
difficulty In accurately transmitting history.
Thus all that Adam and his song knew of
"The Creation" and of "The Fall," they
could easily communicate to Noah and his
sons. In like manner, Noah and his sons
could juat as easily communicate what they
knew to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And
these again could transmit the accumulated
information which they possessed to Moses
and the patriarchs who went out of Egypt,
j Thus a chain of only four links—Adam, Noah,
Abraham, Moses —connects the creation of
man with the exodus from Egypt.
The best Commentary that we have on the
life and work of these men is found in the
eleventh chapter of Hebrews. According to
it, each one stands for some special phase of
faith. As we study the history, therefore, in
the light of this Commentary, we will see
how simple faith in a divine creator will un
fold and enlarge until it becomes a loving
and obedient trust in him. In this aspect
the subject of our studies for the next few
months may very justly be entitled,
THE GENESIS AND GROWTH OF FAITH.
In the passage appointed for this lesson
j three important facts are brought before us—
the Genesis of Mater, the Genesis of Man,
and the Genesis of the Sabbath Day. As the
i grand panorama of these successive creations
| passes before the eye of the inspired Seer,
he is not troubled ■with any doubts—and he
does not enter into any scientific explanation
concerning what he saw—but with no hesita
| tion, or qualification, he emphatically de
| clares, "In the beginning GOD created the
heaven and the earth." (Verse 1.) Thus:
"DEUS FECIT."
"He spake and it was dene, he commanded
and it stood fast " is the most simple and
sublime explanation of the creation which
has ever been given. It is to be accepted by
i faith, for as our commentary says, "Through
i faith we understand that the worlds wers
j framed by the word* of the Lord." (Heb.,
I xi., 3.) Faith asks nothing more. And this
j recognition of a divine creator, and of man's
I relationship to him, is the very first step in
I spiritual life, "for he that cometh to God
I must believe that he is, and that he is a te
! warder of them that diligently seek him."
(Heb., xi., 6.)
During six successive periods of time, each
of which is termed a "day," the process of
| creation went progressively on. What was
j the length of the periods, or how long it was
1 between "the evening and the morning"
I of each "day," Is not revealed. Science as
j serts that each period was a grand cycle of
j ages, and the Scriptures do not contradict the
; assertion. For that each one was vastly more
; than the twenty-four hours which we term
a "day" is evident, because in the final sum
( ming up of the whole matter, all of the days
: put together, are spoken of under the same
designation as each,— "in the day that the
* Lord God made the earth and the heavens."
! (IL, 4.)
When the revelation of the future passed
: before the eyes of John, he saw the symbols
and the forms of things which were perfectly
familiar to him as "the sun," "the candle
i sticks" and "the sea of glass." But when '
1 the revelation of the past was given to Moses
he saw nothing that was familiar to his cx
i periences. All was "without form and void,
! and darkness," "so that," as our commenta
j tor expresses it, "things which are seen were
i not made of things which do appear." (Heb.
j xi., 3.) They were created by the flat of
! Omnipotence from things which no human
eye had ever seen or could see. Whether they
were made Instantaneously, or by the slow
process of development is of no manner of
'< importance. God made them, and he made
i them in a way and from material of which
j Moses more than 2,000 years later had no
knowledge whatever.
We may, however, form some idea of how
"thngs which are seen" can be made from
! things which do not appear, by considering
; the familiar experiment of passing an electri
cal current, which is invisible, through equal
ly Invisible glass, and visible, material water
i 3 produced—"not made of things which do
apepar." In like manner the photographer
, exposes his sensitized plate to the sun, and
immediately a face or a landscape is pro
duced, made by the chemistry of light in a
way which no human eye can discern and
! with a perfection which no human hand can
copy.
Day after day a new wonder burst upon the
view of the inspired seer. When "the spirit'
of God moved upon the face of the water" all j
that was "without form, and void, and dark- ,
ness" v. 2), became luminous. It may have I
become so suddenly or slowly. But there was 1
light. It pervaded all space. It was the first!
i step in creation—the Genesis of Day and i
j Night, (v. 5.)
i Then this luminous mass was divided and
"a firmament" appeared to "divide the wa- i
ters from the waters." (v. 6.) "And Go 4 !
called the firmament heaven." (v. 8.) It i
Beparated "the waters which were under the !
firmament from the waters which were above j
' the firmament." (v. 7.) This was the second
step in creation.
Then the waters beneath the firmament
were gathered together so that the waters and
the land were separated, "and God called the
dry land Earth; and the gathering together of
the waters called he Sea 6." (v. 10.) Being
thus separated, the Earth began to "bring
forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the
fruit tree, yielding fruit after his kind, whose
■eed Is in itself." (v. 11.) As "there went
up a mist from the Earth and watered the
whole face of the ground" (ii., 6), these &rew,
and scattered their seed and died. The Earth
buried them beneath its soil and time trans
formed them into the coal and oil and miner
als which bless and enrich us to-day. This
was the third step of progress.
The next step saw the sun, and moon, and
stars created, "and God set them in the firm
ament of the heaven, to give light upon the
earth, and to rule over the day, and over the
night, and to divide the light from the dark
ness." (v. 17, 18.)
But as yet there was no living creature on
the earth, or in the waters, or in the air.
Now, however, everything was ready for their
existence, and the ficst animal life appears.
It is seen in the waters and in the air. For
the waters "brought forth abundantly the
moving creature, that hath life, and fowl that
may fly above the earth in the open firma
ment of heaven." (v. 20.)
Then in the next great period called a
"day," catle of the field, wild beasts of the
forest, and creeping things of the earth began
to appear. (v. 24.) Everything, therefore,
was then ready for the genesis of man. It
was the last day of the creative week.
Then the voice of the triune God was
heard, saying: "Let us make man in our
Image; after our likeness." (Verse 26.)
"And the Lord formed man of the dust of
the ground, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life, and man became a living
soul." (11., 7.) "So God created man in his
own image—in the image of God, created he
him —male and female, created he them."
(Verse 27.) He "called their name—Adam —
in the day when they were created (v., 2);
and "Adam was the son of God." (Luke ill-,
38.) Thus, in some real sense, it might be
said of him—"the first man" —as he came
from the hand of his maker, as It was said
of "tiie second man" iv all of his ministry—
In him "God was manifest In the flesh." (11.
Tim. p lit., 16.)
This man, made in the image of God and
imbreathed with his spirit, was made the
yice-gerant of God. His dwelling-place was
in the Garden of Eden, the early paradise.
He was given dominion "over the fish of the
sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over
the cattle, and over all the earth, and over
every creeping thing that creepeth upon the
earth; over every living thing that moveth
upon the earth." (Verses 26-28.) He was to
"replenish the earth and subdue it." (Verse
28.) He was thus to search out its secrets
and develop its resources. Its lands were
to be explored and peopled; Its seas were to
be navigated and commerce established; its
depths were to be mined; Its heavens tsudied
and all of its laws discovered: All that has
become known, and all that has Deeu done,
to the present time, and all that will be
known and done to the most distant future,
were included in the grand charter given to
him.
And in all this God, himself, was his com
panion, walking daily with him in the garden
as his dearest friend. With such companion
ship, with a nature inbreathed with the spirit
of God, with a mind of unlimited capacities,
with a body knowing no want, and not sub
ject to fatigue, sickness, or death, with the
heavens above, and the earth beneath, and
the waters of the seas around, inviting his ex
amination and study, and always ready to
"declare the glory of God," to him, with no
hereditary bias to sin, and with the tree
of life within his reach, what grand and
glorious possibilities were open to sinless
man.
Such was the federal head of all mankind
as he came from the hand of God. He stood
as the representative of all who should come
after him, as a father always represents his
children. He was made "in the image of
God," and if he maintained his Integrity all
of his children were to bear the same image.
Surely we could not have had a representa
tive more admirably constituted, or more
favorably situated, to secure the highest good
for those whom ho represented.
Only one other in the history of the world
has appeared with whom he can be compared.
It is 'The Last Adam," '"The Second Man"
(I. Cor., xv., 45-47), who came to redeem the
children of "The First Adam," and bring
them back into the fellowship with God
which they had lost by transgression. He
was indeed the very "Son of God," the
brightness of his glory and the express Image
of his person." (Reb., i., 3.) Like the "First
Adam," he stood as the representative of all
mankind, that "as in Adam all die, even so in
Christ shall all be made alive." (I. Cor.,
xv., 22.) But they must be "in Christ"
There is no salvation out of him, or apart
from him.
With the advent of man the work of crea
tion ceased. In all the ages since then no re
search of telescope, or of microscope, no bor
ing into the bowels of the earth, no study of
all that grows upon Its surface, no art, or
science, has ever discovered a single new
creation.
Thus began God's Sabbath. It was the
seventh period of time, and in it we are liv
ing. For then "the heavens and the earth
were finished and all the host of them. And
on the seventh day God ended his work
which he had made, and he rested," or
"ceased" (Young) "on the seventh day from
all his work which he had made. And God
blessed the seventh day and sanctified it;
because that in it he had rested (or "ceased")
from all his work which God created and
made." (li., 1-3.) Thus, in the very begin
ning, God appointed one day in seven as a
day when man should cease from labor—a
day to be sanctified and kept holy.
This was the fundamental idea of "the Sab
bath," or day of "cessation." (Young.) It
was therefore, afterwards so incorporated in
the law given on Mount Sinai. (Ex. xx.,
11.) On every "Sabbath" appointed by that
law, "no servile work" was to be done (Lev.
xxiii., 7. 21, 25, 35, 36), or, in other words,
all work for personal support, profit or pleas
ure was to cease, even if the "Sabbath"
lasted for a whole year. (Lev. xxv., 1-12.)
The observance of this law was a sign" (Ex.
xxxi., 13; Ezek. xx., 12). a sure indication
of faith In God, and belief that he would care
for those who obeyed him. So it !s to-day.
But "the Lord's Day," as we have it, has
a higher significance than "the Sabbath."
That signified the completion of creation;
this the completion of redemption. By Just
so much, therefore, has it a higher claim
upon all of God's redeemed people.
Bryn Mawr, Pa.
Does your building require a new roof?
Beo W. 8. Nott Co. Telephone 876.
United Society of Christian En
deavor,
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 6-10, 1901.
For this annual meeting the Chicago
Great Western railway will on July 4-6
sell through excursion tickets to Cincin
nati, good to return July 14, (or Aug. 31
by payment of 50 cents extra) at one fare
plus $2 for the .round trip. For fur
ther information Inquire of A. J. Aicher,
city ticket agent, corner Nlcollet avenue
and Fifth street, Minneapolis.
A SPLENDID SUMMER NUMBER
FVERY PAGE WORTH READING.
Long Distance Balloon Racing
Vivid Account of a New Sport.
The Strikers Story
How McTerza Stopped the Railroad Riot,
By FRANK H. SPEARMAN.
The Story of the Declaration
of Independence,
By Ida M. Tarbell.
With Authentic Portraits and Fac-simile Autographs
of 54 Signers
_______ BUY A COPY EARLY. __
« A /" A .«+ o I Tta Supply baa *a exhausted I A „ .
10 ?r^ v '"" <">"'«"■ r-v'ZZiZT. 1A 8
IV a Copy mon<h thl. y..r hu< one. IV a Copy
&f ' What Makes
Beer?
W Fine materials and the
Wf timQ t0 properly ma-
Jwglll^Vfe, ture—called "being
(^Pl^ on lager." No beer
>^X W~ leaves the vaults of the
Anheusecßusch Brewing Ass n
: St. Louis, U. S. A.
that is less than four months old. The
Great Budweiser and all beers used for
bottling purposes are five to six months old
* which makes them the most healthful brews. .
J^ /V IL/*"^' + ■ Famous the world over for its tonic quail-
Orders promptly filled by
A.D.GIANINNI,MGR.ANHEUSER-BUSCH.BRANCH, MINNEAPOLIS
If you want to know about "Walton
Park ask a policeman.
Cbeap Round Trip Excursions
Via Wisconsin Central Railway Company.
During the next two months the Wis
consin Central Railway will sell cheap
round trip tickets as follows:
Buffalo, N. V., and return $24.50
Detroit, Mich., and return 18.95
Louisville, Ky., and return 21.50
Cincinnati, Ohio, and return.... 21.50
Jamestown, N. V., and return... 24.50
Chicago and return 13.50
Milwaukee and return 11.70
For full particulars regarding dates of
sale and return limits or any information
regarding the trip call on or address V.
C. Russell, C. P. and T. A., 230 Nicollet
avenue, Minneapolis, Minn.
. Low Rates.
Via The North-Western Line to many
points. . ', . . ' : - .
United Society Christian Endeavor, Cm.
. cinnati. Tickets on sale July 4, 5, 6. Rate,
$21.50 for . round trip. v :
. Annual meeting National Education as
sociation, Detroit, Mich. Tickets on 6ale
July 5, 6, 7. Rate,: $20.75 for round trip.
International convention Baptist Young
People's Union of America, Chicago.
Tickets on sale July 23, 24, 25. Rate,
$13.50 for round trip.
International Mining . Congress, Boise
City, Idaho. Tickets on sale July 17, 18,
19. Rate for round trip, $45.50.
Triennial Conclave Knights Templar,
Louisville, Ky. Tickets on sale Aug. 24,
25, 26. Rate, $21.50 for round trip.
For returning limits. and all further
information apply to City Ticket Agents,
413 Nicollet ay, Minneapolis; 382 Robert
at, St. Paul. ■
Port Arthur and Isle Royal and Re
tarn, $10.30.
The new steel steamer "Argo" will sail
from Duluth every Sunday at 10 a. m.,
making the trip to Port Arthur and en
tirely around Isle Royal, making all the
etops, returning to Duluth on Tuesday
morning. The rate from Minneapolis for
this grand water trip is only $10.30, in
cluding all meals and berths on the steam
er, and is on sale every Saturday In July.
On every Friday at 5 p. m. this same
steamer will make the trip to- Houghton
and Hancock. The rate for this trip is
only $9.30. Call at the Northern Pacific
ticket, office for information and tickets
covering this or any of the grand water
trips now offering. They are cheaper than
staying at home. With three trains each
way the Northern Pacific "Duluth Short
Line" is the only line making direct con
nections with all steamers at Duluth.
Opening of New Route to lowa Points
Beginning Monday, July 1, the Minne
apolis & St. Louis Railroad will run
through passenger trains giving better fa
cilities and quicker time to Mason City,
Marshalltown, Grinnell, Oskaloosa, etc.
Trains will leave Minneapolis & St. Louis
depot at St. Paul at 9; Minneapolis 9:35
a. m. except Sunday.
Are you in
Doubt
about Abbey's Salt? Many say
"I would try it if I thought it would
benefit me." We invite the scep
tical to send today for a free sample
bottle of
Abhzyh
vescent tJQ 1 &
the fruit remedy for Headache, In
digestion, Constipation and all ills
arising from a disordered stomach.
Regular sizes it most druggists, or by mall,
25c, 50c and .00 per bottle.
me Abbey Effervescent Salt Co.,
- 9-15 Murray Street, New York.
The
Beautiful
Cannon
Valley
of Minnesota la lo
cated on the line
of the
Chicago
Great Western
Railway
Fishing, Boating,
Swimming and all
summer recreations.
Tickets at City Ticket Office,
corner Fifth St. and Nicollet
Ay., and Chicago Great West
ern Depot, corner 10th and
Wash. Ays. S. Minneapolis.
Man's Mission on Earth
IVedlcal Boole Free.
"Know Thyself," a book for men only, reg
ular price 50 cents, will be sent frse (sealed
postpaid) to any male reader of this paper, 8
cents for postage. Address the Pea body
medical Institute, 4 Bulfinch Street. Bos
ton, Mass., established in 1860, the oldest and
best in America. Write today for free book,
44 The Key to Health and Happiness."
[r^p=»The Peabody Medical Institute has many
w~_imitators, but no equals.— Boston Herald.
ff^JF* The Peabody Medical Institute is a fixed
fact in the medical phenomena of this
country and it will remain so.— Boston Journal.
Keep Your Bowels Strong.
Constipation or diarrhoea when
your bowels are out of order. Cas
carets Candy Cathartic will make
them act naturally. Genuine tablets
stamped C. C. C. Never sold ia
bulk. All druggists, ioc.
Dr. Lyon's
PERFECT
Tooth Powder
AN ELEGANT TOILET LUXURY.
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tO Life .»l»»er . "F«ri».«» r^
Anything you want to know answered by
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QL-sm^X • Shear*. R«ror» and Clipper*
JrMsf R. H. HEQENER.
<s^^- SOT I COLLET AVENUE.
North Star Dye Works
E. F. WEITZKL, Proprietor.
9X3 Ueaneplß Aye.. Minneapolis.
Telephone «»»-».
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