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The Parole of the Youngebs
Cole and James Younger are to have
conditional freedom under the parole sys
tem. After twenty-five years of penal
imprisonment for the murder of Cashier
J. lv Haywood In Northfield, Sept. 7, 1876,
they are to be allowed to pass beyond the
prison •walls. The release of the two
men who were once notorious bandits
seems to meet with public approval,
though we ere not certain that it best
serves public Interests.
The Youngers may well consider them
selves fortunate. If the law of capital
punishment bad been the came in 1876
ac now. Cole. James and Bob would h/.ve
been hung. The law at that time did
not authorize the capital punishment of
criminals who pleaded guilty. It was in
consideration of this fact that the ban
dits made that plea. No juj"y. In the
state of public feeling at that time, would
have given less than a verdict of guilty
of murder in the first degree. There has
probably not been a month since con
viction that the Youngers have not
hoped that some day they would be re
leased. This hope has, no doubt, con
tributed to their exemplary behavior,
though we are not disposed to question
that they are reformed men.
The question of whether their release
Is good policy must be considered from
three view points, viz: first, whether
their further detention is necessary to
protect the public from other crimes;
second, whether imprisonment has re
formed them; third, whether their re
lease will have a good or bad effect upon
prison discipline and public morals.
On the score of the first two points no
Barm can be done in paroling the Young
ers. They are not the same men they
were in 1876' and there is no danger of any
further criminal practices by them. It is
more difficult to come to a satisfactory
conclusion on the third point. On the
one hand the paroling of men whose out
look was once so hopeless may have a
salutary effeot upon other long-time
prisoners and lead to good conduct, since
It is chiefly that In the case of the Young
ers, which has led to their parole. On
the other hand the fact that two men,
once among the most desperate and
bloody-handed in the whole list of no
torious American criminals, men whose
acts were accompanied by so much per
sonal daring and bo many thrilling ex
ploits as to appeal strongly to the imag
ination of unbalanced or immature minds
are out of prison again, may tend to make
their release something of an encourage
ment to those on the threshold of crime.
Boys may think that if they can attain
the notoriety of the Youngera the price of
twenty-five years' imprisonment is not
too much. It is a grave question whether
men who have done what the Youngers
did should ever be released from prison.
This Is said not in a vindictive spirit, for
we sympathize with the Youngera of
twenty-five years of expiation, but from
the standpoint of social discipline.
However, the legislature saw fit to
amend the parole law so that it includes
life sentences. Moreover the pardon
board has made a public statement that
under that amendment the Youngers were
entitled to a parole. Hence those who
found no fault with the legislature when
it passed the law cannot now disagree with
the board of pardons in paroling the
The Journal has consistently op
posed pardoning the Youngers, but a pa
role is far from being a pardon, though
we shall not be surprised if in the present
case the former shall lead to the latter.
A paroled prisoner is still a convict; he is
still tinder control of the prison authori
ties; he may for any lapse be returned to
prison without trial; he is far from be
ing a free man; the heavy hand of the
law is still upon him; he is still, in a de
gree, suffering the penalty of crime.
The Journal hopes that the Young
ers will profit by their parole and become
useful members of society. They have
the ability and also, apparently, the in
It will surprise Americans to learn that
there are twice as many first-class mod
ern ship-building yards in the United
States as in England. Dr. Ernest yon
Halle of the University of Berlin, who
has been making a tour of inspection of
the American yards, says that this coun
try and Germany have each six modern
yards, as compared with three in England.
He was especially impressed by the fact
that immense ship-building plants are so
soon erected in America. In Europe
large plants grow little by little from
small ones. But in the United States, we
have seen a yard at New London, Conn.,
which was not in existence two years ago
undertake the building of two 20,000-ton
steamships for J. J. Hill's new trans
The personal columns of newspapers
frequently report euphemistically that
somebody has "accepted a position with
the well-known firm," etc. This general
ly means, as a matter of fact, that after
persistent unglng the alleged recipient
of an offer has persuaded somebody to
give him a job.
The Turk Settles
Abdul-Hamid, having taken his own
time to pay the claim for damages in
curred by American mission boards
through the destruction of eight build
ings of the Euphrates college at Harpoot
and several mission buildings and other
property at Marash, during the Armenian
massacres of 1895, he has, following his
usual practice, scaled down the original
amount, which was $120,000, and our gov
ernment has accepted his figures, $95,000,
and called it square. Of course, had our
government ordered a warship to Smyr
na or Salonica with threat of bombard
ment, there is little doubt that the whole
amount would have been forthcoming, but
it was not deemed politic to take such a
course, especially as compulsion of that
kind is dreaded by the alleged "concert
of Europe" as tending to shake down the
house of glass under which the bloody
Abdul reposes, afraid of his own shadow.
After that, the deluge!
There 1b danger now that the sultan,
having paid what he pleased of the claim
presented by our government, will renew
the work of exterminating the Armenians,
whioh spectacle the European powers, who
have been protecting the Turk since the
Crimean war from the partition of his
territory, contemplate with cold-blooded
indifference. Germany, indeed, has be
come the ardent friend of the sultan; the
loquacious emperor, in his last letter to
Abdul, congratulated him that his "pre
cious life" had been preserved from the
earthquake which shook Constantinople
in May. This devotion to the bloody
monster has brought gain to Germany in
the receipt of some very valuable railway
concessions in Asia Minor for German
capitalists, who are pushing the railway
from Smyrna via Dinalr, Iconium and
over the Taurus range into Syria to Je
rusalem, Damascus and down the Eu
phratean valley to Bagdad. The sultan
is delighted with the friendship of Wil
liam, but it is going to prove very costly
friendship for Turkey. It is undermin
ing the sultan's empire which falls to
pieces as the higher civilization en
croaches upon it.
The only thing which has kept the Turk
enthroned is the fact that the seat of
his government is yet in southeastern
Europe and at Constantinople, which
each of the great powers would like to
control but dare not undertake to oust
the Turk through fear of the eruption
which would inevitably follow. There the
sultans have resided, cunningly dealing
with diplomatic pressure and gradually
losing province after province of the
great empire they once claimed in Europe,
Asia and Africa. The wretched country
is governed by the court cabal, a group of
the sultan's favorites, who have their
spies everywhere and a übiquitous secret
police marking for destruction every in
dividual who expresses dissatisfaction. It
is a government detested and despised
by an oppressed and starving population.
It is the synonym for robbery and cruelty
and the day of retribution is surely com
ing, although Judgment seems to linger.
There is an important difference to be
recognized between a parole and a pardon.
A parole restores no political rights for
feited by a conviction and penitentiary
sentence. The Youngers are still subject
to surveillance and are only at large in
this state on their good behavior. They
may be retaken again if they abuse their
privileges. They are prisoners on parole.
But they will not abuse their privileges.
They have learned their leson and learned
it well. The only thing to be feared
now is that some weak governor may go
too far and grant them a full pardon.
The Journal had an opportunity
yesterday In connection with the Young
ers case to demonstrate the superiority of
Its methods of handling big news, and
It would help to maintain, the proper
equilibrium if on the day the Youngers
are let out on parole the train robbers
in Montana could be shut up in Jail.
It has been two weeks since the failures
of three or four banks were announced
and among them the Seventh National
bank of New York city, the latter a
rather pronounced case of wilful and de
liberate accommodation to speculative in
terests, and although the causes of the
suspensions are accurately known and
there has been talk of arrests, nobody ap
pears to be held responsible and there is
intimation from Washington that, even
if there are any prosecutions, the vice
president and a prominent member of the
board of directors, will be relieved of any
In Berlin, recently, the officials of a sus
pended bank which had overdone the busi
ness of accommodating the speculative in
terest and held a lot of ragged securities,
were arrested and will <be duly tried for
violating the laws. When the big Glasgow
bank suspended some years ago, the offi
cials, directors and stockholders were held
responsible for the heavy losses of deposi
tors and many of them were tried, con
victed and punished, their estates being
confiscated to meet the losses. In the
case of the Seventh National, which is
one typical cxf loose business methods, the
national banking law was directly violated.
The law forbids the lending of more than
one-tenth of the bank's capital to an indi
vidual, a single firm or corporation, the
overcertlfication of checks, and the lapse
of the reserve <below the required 25 per
cent Of tie deposits.
It is said these prohibitions are flagrant
ly defied by many national banks every
day, but that does not aibolish the law
which is designed to preserve the solvency
of the nationals and protect innocent de
positors. The bank official who violates
the law, in any of the particulars named,
ought to ibe held up to the full measure of
the responsibility he incurs. Bank officers
and directors are the custodians of other
peoples' money and they should be held
strictly responsible for the predatory acts
It will be well to have the Seventh Na
tional bank disaster fairly probed to the
bottom and have those who are found
responsible for it held strictly to account,
whoever they may foe. That 1b the only
way to increase and confirm public confi
dence in banking institutions.
Our usually conservative old contem
porary, the Pioneer Press, works itself
into such a state of excitement over the
paroling of the Youngers that at the
end of a half column or more of editor
ial it reaches this extravagant state
They (the Youngers) are tea times better
men than moat of those whose unrelenting
vindictlveneea would have denied to their de
clining years the poor solace of being prison
ers on parole.
That is to say, a difference of opinion
on this subject makes the opponent of a
parole worse than the men whom the
state has seen fit to hold in custody
twenty-five years for bank robbery and
murder. By "better men" means, of
course, better entitled to respect and
consideration. The charity of our con
temporary is beautiful, but its compari
sons are likely to be regarded as odious.
John Bull is wondering why he is lag
ging behind in the race for supremacy in
trade. Here is an incident that throws
some light upon the situation. An Eng
lish nobleman, the Earl of Essex, who was
wealthy, is married to an American
woman, who was wealthy In her own
right. Both have lost their fortunes. The
wife is making a living by renting and
furnishing rooms. "The earl himself,"
says the cablegram, "being a thorough
nobleman, cannot do any kind of labor
for his own support."
A Chance tor Merit
More than eighty privates in the regu
lar army have recently received commis
sions as second lieutenants, thus having
opened to them careers which may lead
to the highest rank. Notwithstanding the
Sampson idea of social grace as an es
sential to the holding of a commission
it Is one of the most creditable features
of our army that men who show the
requisite intelligence, knowledge and
other qualifications, can obtain commis
sions. Many of the best officers in the
regular army to-day, men like Chaffee,
for instance, have risen from the ranks.
It is, moreover, a characteristic of suc
cessful Americans, which no close ob
server can have failed to notice, that they
take on polish and manners with the im
provement of their surroundings. A sol
dier who has risen from the ranks need
not be a boor.
In civil life America is peculiarly a na
tion whose leaders are recruited from
the ranks of the common people—the
civilian privates. Our army has been
successful largely because it is as much
like the nation as military conditions
permit. The army of a republic must not
have impassable lines between the rank
and-file and the officers.
The same principle applies to the navy,
though on account of the technical and
scientific equipment now required of a
naval officer it is manifestly more dif
ficult to recruit the official list from the
ranks. But, as Admiral Schley suggests,
when an ambitious sailor is found who
shows the natural qualities that will
make him a good officer it is not im
possible to give him a course at Annap
olis, which shows how much more val
uable are Schley's ideas on this subject
In Cape Town the British are hanging
rebels; in the Philippines we are making
them governors of provinces. In South
Africa, Britain has 250,000 men engaged in
a wearisome and painful war; in the
Philippines we have 40,000 men, chiefly
engaged in garrison and police duties.
And it was only two years ago that the
British wiseacres were patronizingly
dwelling upon our inferiority in the art
of governing and generously offering to
give us lessons.
The National University
The national council of education in
session at Detroit has discountenanced
the Washington Memorial Institution
substitute for a national university. The
committee of fifteen appointed to con
sider the question of a national univer
sity reported against the plan for a
statutory university at Washington and
in favor of a non-governmental institu
tion. It was quite apparent that the
nature of the report was largely influ
enced by existing universities which do
not wish another competitor.
President Cyrus Northrop of the Uni
versity of Minnesota, who is a trustee
of the memorial institution, said in the
debate tljat he was in favor of a national
university and looked upon the institu
tion as a natural step in that direction.
State universities have proved remark
ably successful; they have done work that
other institutions did not and can not do.
We see no reason why there is not a place
for a federal university which can utilize
the peculiar advantages offered by a loca
tion in Washington.
Governor Savage of Nebraska, attended
a South Omaha bull fight yesterday and
pronounced it innocous. He said it con
sisted chiefly of the efforts of a toreador
to brush the flies off the bull's horns with
a red cloth. Governor Savage may yet
be known in history as the Doc. Ames
of- Nebraska. At least that proud dis
tinction is not impossible.
Teaching by Example
The National Council of Education,
meeting at Detroit, got into a quarrel
over the word "isolation." Some, in
fluenced, possibly, by the temperature of
the hall, said it was pronounced "ice
olation," and others contended for "iss
olation," and there were many different
opinions as to its meaning. Then Colonel
Francis Parker cf Chicago got very angry
and wanted to know what was the use of
his staying in a crowd that "was fond
of language and words without going back
to the thought behind the words." After
that the colonel got up and hiked out of
the hall, as mad as a hornet. The teach
ers were discussing the means of best
fitting a child for his life work. Colonel
Parker's example will be so valuable to
the young ones!
An important demonstration of the
value of submarine navigation has just
been made at Ajaccio in Corsica by the
French, where the submarine boat Gus
tave Zede, notwithstanding the strictest
watch by the officers and crew of the bat
tle ship Jauregulberry aooroacbed and at-
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
The Awful Cost of War
In the Nineteenth Century the Expense of Public Kill
ing Wai i n the Neighborhood of $18,000,000,000
Robert Qordon Butler, in the June Home
What have the war* of the warlike nine
teenth century cost? Only an estimate can be
made, and even in making that certain nar
row limits of work must be marked out. For
example, the indirect cost of only a few wars
can be found; therefore the indirect cost must
be left out of consideration. Again, the cost
of the army and navy of a country in peace
must not be included in the cost of war. With
these as rules, some sort of estimate may be
made of the expenditure on warfare during
the last century.
Principal Wars of the Century and
Napoleonic wars $3,289,000,000
Turco-Rusalun war (1826) 100,000,000
Algerian war 190,000,000
Civil wars, Spain and Portugal. 250,000,000
Canadian rebelllan 11,000,000
Seminole war 27,000,000
Mexican war 57,000,000
Revolutionary ware in Europe .. 50,000,000
Chinese wars 44,000,000
Kaffir war 10,000,000
Crimean war 1,520,000,000
Italian war 253,000,000
American civil war 6,000,000.000
Abyssinan war 43,000,000
Schleawig-Holatein war 76,000.000
prance-Mexican war 75,000,000
n tfo-Prusslan war 330,000,000
Brazil-Paraguayan war 240,000,000
franco-German war 2,500,000,000
Ashantee war 4.600 000
Biggest and Littlest
Two Extremes in Diamonds. Men. Steamships, Books
and Other Objects
The biggest diamond in the world is the
great Gobind gem, which weighs nearly 450
carats, is as big as an average inkstand,
and worth about |450,000.
Three murders and countless intrigues and
robberies have had it for their object It
now belongs to the Rajah of Futtehpore.
The smallest diamond on earth can just be
Been with the naked eye. A microscope
shows it to be of perfect water and bril
liancy, and its actual market value is about
a cent as a diamond. As a curiosity, how
ever, it is worth $75.
The biggest man in the world is Brenni,
the Swiss giant There are several Swiss
giants, but Brenni overtops them all with
his height of 9 feet 7 inches, and he is a
big man in proportion. His clothes cost him
$75 per suit, and he cannot get into an ordi
nary railway carriage. His opposite—the
smallest man alive—is Metruski, the little
Hungarian, who is just under 3 feet high.
He can get into the clothes of an ordinary
large doll, and feel small in them. Ho
makes more money than his big rival, earn
ing $10,000 a year as a "freak," while the
giant Brenni only gets $6,000. He is ac
complished, is much stronger in proportion
than the giant, and will probably last
The hugest steamship afloat Just now is
the Celtic. Her coal bunkers alcne would
liold a regiment, and she makes the Atlantic
passage no more than a ferry ride. The tini
est steamship on earth, which will carry a
tach«d a dummy torpedo to the hull of the
great ship. The British naval offloers make
fun of the submarine boat, but the French
have great confidence In the invention and
probably have scores of the little craft
ready for action. It is possible that the
next naval baitle may through these sub
marine boats cause as great a revolution
in naval warfare as did the Monitor and
am** v was 1904> and thß bath"
J* BUOJ houses at Calhoun had been
Local Histo/ybnished for several months.-
A reporter for the Dally
Pill called on Superintendent Bdrry and asked
when the houses would be opened.
"I don't know," replied the superintend
ent "We ordered a nail to be driven in one
of the loose boards in 1901 and it has not
been done yet. When this is accomplished
the houses may be opened to the public,
though, for my part, I do not see why there
Is so much interest in the subject. It is a
park board matter, not a public affair."
An attempt was made to find out from the
members of the park board what caused the
delay. One member said:
"In 1801, or 1901, I disremember which,
the board ordered a splinter to be shaved
from the passageway leading from the rooms
to the lake. Until this is done, the public
shall not be endangered by the opening of the
houses, though for my part I do not see
what the public has to do with it anyway.
This is a park board enterprise and none of
the public's business. They want to keep oft
The rumor was circulated in Camden Place
that the bathhouses- would open in 1908.
When Mr. Salisbury was making that talk
about "the Boer greed of territory," Mr.
Chamberlain was out in the wing 3 Just
doubled up with laughter.
"Is France declining?" asks the Boston
Globe. If the Globe will run over to Pareo
and ask "Vooleyvousavay d'absinthe?" It
will find that she is not.
You can't throw a rock into a Missouri
apple tree to-day without bringing down a
shower of fruit and a Missouri boy. It's the
banner year for apples.
General Alger'a book Is about to come out,
and the regular army nose in Washington
looks as if there were four dead elephants
concealed in the shrubbery.
What's the use of working up a nice warm
garden when the mosquito reaches for you
every time you go into it?
Many western people are feeling a sudden
access of loving kinship for their relatives
"The Banker's Daughter," which the Pike
Theater company is presenting at the Metro
politan this week, is attracting large audi
ences. John B. Maher Us making the great
est individual hit in the character of the
American tourist, George Washington Phipps.
The same bill the rest of the week, wltix mat
"Sowing the Wind," by the celebrated Eng
lish playwright Sydney Grundy, will be given
an elaborate production by David H. Hunt's
Pike Theater company the coming week at
the Metropolitan. It will be recalled as one
of the New York Empire Theater stock com
pany's greatest successes of a few years ago.
In the original cast were euch well-known
players as Henry Miller, Viola Allen and
William Faversham. Of all the so-called
problem plays, "Sowing the Wind" la the
best. Its production should arouse a good
deal of Interest amoag the lovers of thi«
class of drama.
"Well, Willie," asked grandma, "have
you had all the .dinner you want?" ";M '
"Nome," ■ answered ' the truthful *" boy;
"but \ I have had all I can eat."— to
Central Asian wars 225,000,000
Turco-Russian war (1877) 1.210.000.U00
Afghan and South African wars 85,000,000
Soudan wars 21,000,000
Madagascan war 85,000,000
Italy-Abyssinian war 115.000,000
Spanish-American-Filipino war. 1,000,000,000
Boer war 800,000,000
Soundan war 12,000,000
Chinese-Japanese war 300,000,000
There are only 3,155,673,600 seconds in a cen
tury—that is, $6 has been spent on wax for
every second of the century. If we take
Archbishop Usher's chronology, and consider
the world to be 6,904 years old, we find that
the nations have spent on war during the
nineteenth century at the rate of $6 a minute
since the creation. The most costly building
in the world is the Church of San Fietro in
Vatlcano, known to us as St. Peter's, Rome.
It has cost not less than $70,000,000 since its
foundation stone was laid, yet nearly 300
other churches of equal cost could be build
out of what the world has spent on wars dur
ing the nineteenth century. The world spends
upward of $530,000,000 a year on education. If
it spent thirty-seven times as much, it would
not equal the war expenses of the past cen
tury. The population of the world Is esti
mated at 1,500,000,000; the money spent on
v/lir between 1801 and 1900 would give to each
man, woman and child alive to-day more than
$13 as pocket money.
human being, is the Thresher. She is eight
feet long, decked in, and just carries ona
man, provided he sits still. Her engines
are smaller than the works of a grand
father's clock, and any part of them can be
reached with the hands while sitting at tha
wheel. Her coal bunkers are rbout the size
of a valise.
Among living things the most vast is a
whale called the rorqual, who reaches the
length of 100 feet when he is gro*n up,
and has teeth longer than a man's leg. He
measures 40 feet around the place where
his waistcoat would be, if hs> had one, and
he can move through the water at the rate
of 40 miles an hour. He gets through about
a ton of flsh and other food per day when
in robust health, to say nothing of a seal
or two. The littlest thing man has discov
ered in the world, so far, is a microbe called
the thexus, of which 100,000 can find stand
ing room on the head of a needle without
crowding each ether, and as for what the
creature eats it is too small fcr tie human
brain to grasp.
There is a book called the Worthy Bible,
which Js the biggegt thing of the book kind
in one volume ever yet produced. It is ten
feet square and two feet thick, ar-d contains
80,000 pages. One may put alorgside this
monster the tiniest piece, of literature ever
published—an edition of "Hrmlet"—which
is a quarter of an inch square, contains 30
pages, all printed with perfect clearness,
and needs an expensive magnifying glass to
DONE IN BOSTON
Boston culture shies at Roycroft culture.
There is something about the East Aurora
variety that does not satisfy the standards
as they have been set up In Beanville. The
following from "The Listener" in the Tran
script will explain the Boston point of view:
Honestly, now, what do you think of El
bert Hubbard? I, for my part, consider him
the most remarkable man of the age. Not
for genius—good heavenW, no! Not for artistic
talent—nobody 'Of any soft of taste accuses
him of that Not for business ability—hosts
of clever scalawags can make money faster
than Elbert Hubbard can. Not for indecency
—the Police Gazette and the low vaudeville
comedians outdo him. Not for long hair—
the Seven Sutherland Sisters we have always
with us. And yet Ido declare in all serious
ness that, in one point at least, I regard El
bert Hubbard as the most remarkable man of
the age. That point is—durability. But
here again I must qualify: I don't mean
that Elbert Hubbard wearß well. He doesn't.
His durability consists in continuing to live,
though every known device has been tried
in attempts to crush him out of existence.
Think of a soap man posing as a successor
to William Morris! The soap story ougT.
to be enough to slay any quantity of Elbert
Hubbards. Not long ago, the Buffalo En
quirer reported a Hubbard lecture by saying
simply: "Last night Elbert S. Hubbard, a
retired soap dealer, lectured on Shakspere."
Hubbard was furious. Albert Lane, in his
book about the Roycrofters, figures Elbert S.
Hubbard as "formerly a manufacturer of a
much-used commodity," thus tempering the
bitter, bitter wind to that sadly unshorn
lamb. And now you will see why Elbert S.
Hubbard dropped the S. out of his name,
though there are not wanting those knavish
wights who say that the Roycroft shop still
smells of eoap—and soft soap at that!
Apparently, Elbert Hubbard can't even de
stroy himself. You would say that the editor
of a periodical ought to show some reapeot
toward a decent, and, on the whole, fairly
respectable public. Instead, Elbert S. Hub
bard has published blasphemy and obscenity;
has lost no opportunity for sneering at de
cency; has even advocated free love (although
with less logic than ardor). You would say
that so nauseous a periodical would hare been
gathered up long since by the town scaven
ger. But no! Back of the -periodical Is the
durable Hubbard. Nothing can crush him.
There aren't any other successors of William
Morris, and, happily, the one successor is
built to stay.
Now perhaps It is as successor to William
Morris that Elbert S. Hubbard showa his
durability most distinctly. There once came
to William Morris a company of fine gentle
men who said: "Mr. Morris, here are these
many thousands of pounds sterling if you will
make us some windows for Westminster Ab
bey." "I like pounds sterling," said Morris,
"but I don't believe in the restoration of an
cient buildings. I'm not willing to make new
windows for a venerable abbey. Please take
away your thousands." Read now, the story
of Elbert S. Hubbard: Hubbard was showing
a Roycroft book to a plain man who had
made "the little Journey to East Aurora"
"Beautiful," cried the plain man—"beautiful
to the eye. But what's this? A page in the
manner of the monks of the fifteenth century;
the next page in the manner of a Prang
Christmas card. Don't you see the absurd
ity?" "Why, man alive," shouted Elbert S.
Hubbard, "don't you know there are ladles
who will pay $20 for a book just like that?"
Yet Elbert S. Hubbard lives on.
Yes, and there's another comparison I want
to draw. Once upon a time Frank Erne the
pugilist, gave a boxing exhibition at the' Sa
turn Club. Next morning the treasurer of
that wealthy and exclusive coterie turned in a
check for $100 to Mr. Erne. Mr. Erne then
Indited a graceful little letter (in which he
returned the check) saying that the Saturn
Club had given him such a good time that he
really couldn't accept any pay. The same
wee* Elbert S. Hubbard lectured before the
Twentieth Century Club (a club of women)
and when the treasurer sent him a check
he immediately acknowledged it and mailed
her a notification that she had been made a
member of the—what's the name of it?—and
that she might pay $1 for the right to remain
so. Haec fabula docet, there are gentlemen
Why, then, is our soap man so durable?
Listen. America to-day contains many thou
sands of crude, half-cultured, gullible souls
Such people pitiably mistake Roycroft press
work for artistic printing. Such people im
agine that the Roycroft shop is a profit-shar
ing institution. Suca people consider blas
phemy and obscenity and tommyrot quite un
mistakable evidences of genius. This class
is growing rapidly In the middle west. It is
Just wise enough to be tickled with "Fra
Elbertus"—not wise enough to laugh at that
comical combination of Italian and Latin. It
marvels at "All Baba"—a name which the
soap man himself pronounces "Allah Babba."
Yes, this is a numerous class, It has money
to toss to the "fra," and It puts Roycroft
books on a little table in its front window
as who should say, "Get on to our culture."
Best of all, It is a class that can't see the
Joke of its devotion. That's why it stays
Hlii Heart Filled With Manic,
You can generally tell when a man is talk
ing to a woman over the telephone by the
tone of-voice he assumes.
> Poetry and Perspiration. ■ '
I-"'* 1-' ''.'*■''-! Galveaton News. :'.-' I %*."' !;
?; Nothing .; like"; good poetry ' has " even been
produced by a per»oa In a high stat« of p»r
■piratloa » ,
THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 11, 1901.
BY CECILY ALLEN.
Copyright, 1901, by A. S. Richardson.
Hello, mah baby! Hello, mah honey!
Hello, ruah rag-time girl!
In the twinkling of an eye, pandemonium
reigned in the sewing-room of St. Agatha's
mission. Twenty-two small girls dropped
fells, French seams and buttonholes in a
wild rush for the open windows and their first
love—the street piano man.
Their pretty teacher was far too tender
hearted to stem the hegira. So little music
could come into the lives of these slum chil
dren. Why deny them this pleasure? So she
quietly gathered up the scattered pieces of
unbleached muslin, smiling as she softly
hummed the air which came clanging and
clanking from the street below.
"O-ee—Miss Grace—come an" see. He ain't
got no monkey. He's got a man—a real, live
The Italian displayed his small, gleaming
teeth as he gaied up at the children, crowd
ing upon the fire escape. The teachers in
these missions—he had heard of them. They
lived on the Avenue. They wore furs and
violets, and always they gave their pupils,
for the street musicians, a nickel, perhap3
even a dime.
Grace Byrne slipped ten pennies into the
hands of as many eager girlies, then leaned
over their wriggling, excited little figures to
catch a glimpse of the extra attraction. In
the center of a gaping circle was a well-built
fellow from her own -walk of life—a carefully
groomed chap, too, he was—dad in the con
ventional frock coat, gray trousers, silk hat
and modish gloves. And he was dancing, act
ually dancing to that frightful rag-time mu
sic. A loud guffaw rose from the circle of
slum denizens, and Grace leaned further out
the window, to the discomfort of herself and
several smaller forms whose owners would
not give way, even for "teacher."
"Hello! Hello!" screamed the piano in
final triumph. The young man stopped dan
cing, whipped his polished hat from his
shapely head, and deliberately held it towards
the gaping, laughing crowd.
"Oh, teacher, give us some more pennies—
quick. See, he's goln' away, an' he's co
funny! Jes' a couple, please!"
But Grace had stumbled back to her table,
and was sitting there now, with her white
face half hidden in her slender hands.
The children, awed by her silence and pal
lor, settled quietly to their tasks. In a me
chanical fashion Grace directed the remainder
of the afternoon's work, and finally each
pupil, armed wtth a slice of warm ginger
bread and murmuring "Goodbye, teacher,"
marched from the room..
Thelr teacher walked back to the window
and looked down drearily upon the narrow
street. Again she seemed to hear the ragtime
air which to her would henceforth sound like
a miserere. Again she saw the outstretched
hand of the man who passed the hat, the
flushed face of—the man to whom her heart
and hand were pledged.
What had happened? She had known Fred
Yerkes for years. Their love affair had start
ed during their first term In the dancing
class, but she had not known this—that he
ever—no, she did not want him to be a
goody-goody fellow. She had always said
that no man should need to sign the pledge.
His will power should be his only guardian.
But this! She recalled his flushed features,
his excited eyes. Instinctively she shrank
back from the window. Hatt he seen her as
she leaned over her little charges? She forgot
that the musician and his incongruous com-
Daily New York Letter
BUREAU OP THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
A Study in Girl Help.
July 11.—Formerly the Irish girls outnum
bered as Immigrants those of any other na
tionality, but the efforts of Horace Plunkett
to build up home industries In Ireland have
resulted in quite a substantial decrease in
the number to leave the Emerald Isle. De
spite the Joke-and-cartoon exploitation of the
Irish girl's belligerency, she is in reality
characterized by an expansive goodness of
heart. This Is usually supplemented by a
great love for her family, which frequently
finds exprebsion in a remittance to the old
country to help relatives to come over to join
them. With the enlarged opportunities in
Erin for young women to earn money, how
ever, the girls of other races are coming
more and more into prominence as domestio
help. Chief among these are the Italian girls,
and as a study in national traits they are
peculiarly interesting. Indeed the Latin
races are generally more interesting studies
than the peoples of the north. Russian, Fin
nish and Norwegian girls frequently come
over alone. Ignorant or thoughtless of the
temptations that will beset them away from
home; but the Italian girl seldom comes
alone, and even then she is as timid as dirty
for,, strange to relate, even the better class
of Italian immigrants seem to have an in
superable aversion to soap. She has ideas
about embroidery, perhaps, and may bring for
inspection remarkable and impossible ap
pliqued things, but they are Invariably sub
mitted with dirty hands. The national Italian
love for music is the expression of but one
side of the artistic Italian temperament If
one may judge from numbers of girls with a
penohant for verse writing. The influence
of Asa Negri, whose poetic genius does not
pale before that of Gabriel d'Annunzlo, seems
to have exerted a strong and not wholesome
influence upon many of them. For along with
the love of poetry goes a distaste for do
mestic labor that puts them to a serious
disadvantage in their competition with other
Swedish. Girls Do Well.
Swedish girls are very successful In many
kinds of occupations where neatness Is de
sired. Unlike the Italian girls they seem in
stinctively to come by the taste for clean
liness and in consequence they are in great
demand in many kinds of personal attendance
for American women, in the rubbing that
doctors prescribe for convalesents, in baths,
at hair dressers' establishments and in the
care of children. The educated Swedish girls
frequently earn good salaries as teachers in
gymnasiums and kindred departments of
work. Russian girls of the educated class
are numerically not very strong at the pres
ent time, but whenever they appear they
bring with them a curiously cosmopolitan
power. They are invariably good linguists.
The readiness with which they learn a
language is astonishing even to thoes who
know them best. This is also true to a
limited degree of the uneducated Russian
girls who come here to go into service. A
raw peasant girl from a remote Russian
province who has never seen the Inside of a
civilized house, according to American ideas,
becomes in a year a very decent general
houseworker and "speaks United States"
much better than her employes would be like
ly to speak Russian. after a year In her
country. English girls who come to this
country are often of the educated class that
would be underpaid governesses at home.
They are almost Invariably good workers, in
dependent, sincere? and reliable. The best
qualities of John Bull are generally admir
ably displayed In those of hia daughters who
come to America, much more, In fact, than
in the men. Since the Spanish war Cuban
and Porto Rlcan girls are also coming to be
an appreciable element in the Industrious
feminine immigration. Usually they come to
be teachers or to learn stenography and type
writing, as the demand for the services of
stenographers who know both Spanish and
English is bound to increase as the com
mercial relations between the United States
and the former possessions of Spain become
Old Man Rover's Will.
New Yorkers are much interseted in the
surprising bequest, by the late Jacob S.
Rogers, multimillionaire locomotive builder,
of practically all his estate to the Metro
politan Museum of Art in this city. By the
provisions of the will only about $250,000 will
go to the testator's relatives, of whom there
are about seven, the residue of the estate,
real and personal, going to the museum. The
surprise of the deceased man's relatives,
when the will was read, may better be
Imagined than described, for they had never
at any time received even an inkling of be
ing in disfavor with Mr. Rogers, while on
the other hand it is well known that he felt
Another Phaae of the "Invasion."
New York World.
Students from Japan or Central America
are no novelty In this country. But It's odd
panlon had long since rounded the corner
and disappeared in the babble of East Side
tenement life. . .
The Janitor entered the room. He noisily
arranged the chairs and tables for the meet
ing of the boys' club in the evening. Oraca
drew herself up proudly, donned her wraps,
and, with a few courteous words to the at
tendant, swept out of the mission rooms, feel
ing that she never wished to see them again.
That evening, as the diaper gong sounded
in a certain residence overlooking the park,
a young woman, with a determined expres
sion on her face and a contradictory trem
bling in her hands, tied up two packages.
One was very small and contained a jeweler's
box. The other held eleven photographs, all
of one young man at various ages and in di
verse garments, a bundle of notea and let
ters, and some faded flowers. She directed
them with care, then resolutely descended
to the dining-room.
But her appetite had taken flight. She
toyed with her soup and sent the fish away
untasted. Beef a la mode she declared to be
too heavy for this season of the year.
Her father looked at her keenly.
"You ought to give up that mission work,
Grace. Can't you find some other fad? Ten
ement air does not agree with you."
"Talking about tenements," broke In the
irrepressible Tom, "we had a good one to
day on Fred Yerkes. Another bit of beef,
Grace, turning dizzy and faint, clutched
frantically at her napkin. Was she to hear
the story of Fred's disgrace, here, before the
entire family? Wildly she thought of flight,
then, taking a fresh grip on her napkin,
which, by this time, resembled a snowball,
she determined to face the ordeal.
"You se«," continued Tom, "Fred made
some foolish bet the other day with Cum
mings. I didn't hear what it was all about,
but, anyway, the loser was to go down in the
slums somewhere, with one of those organ
grinders, do a cake-walk and pass the hat."
"I should say so! Any fellow ought to
know better than to mix up with Cummings.
He's always putting up a game. But, hav
ing lost, Fred paid his bet like a man—went
down this afternoon, with a lot of us in tow,
to see that he played fair. And he aid, by
Jove! He put up a jolly good cake-walk,
and I guess that organ-grinder thought he'd
struck Klondike. We fellows all chipped in.
But, best of all was when Fred got through,
and a little chap marched right up to him,
yelling, 'Say, mister, yer togs is out uv
sight, but yer- steps is bum, werry bum,
Everybody at the table laughed. Grare
wondered if that hysterical treble was really
her own voice. She felt such a ridiculous
desire to cry instead. Finally she unrolled
her napkin and decided to try a bit of beef
Half an hour later, when Tom dashed up
stairs to his room, he was met in the dim
entry by his sister. She laid her hand af
fectionately on his shoulder.
"Tom, dear, you know that stick-pin—the
pearl one—you asked me for the other day?
Well, here it is. You may keep it. I I
think it will look very well with that tie."
Then kissing him gently, she slipped back
into her room, while Tom. hurried on, mut
"Girls are queer things—a fellow's sisters
the queerest of all. She turned me down good
and hard when I asked for that pin b«fore!"
little, if any, interest in art. There was not
an artwork of merit in his house and in fact,
the only pictures possessed by him at all
were some very old miniatures. Had he be
queathed his estate to the Society for tho
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the de
ceased man's relatives might have been less
indignant than it is reported they were,
for he was particularly fond of animals, the
grounds of his home in Paterson being filled
with wild deer. But to bequeath his fortune
to an Institution in whose welfare he waa
never known to manifest the slightest In
terest was too much for them and they havo
not hesitated to state that they are deter
mined to contest the will to the limit. The
officers of the Meropolitan museum, however,
have expressed themselves as being both
surprised and delighted with the bequest. By
it, they say, Mr. Rogers has insured New
York's position at tha art center of America
and placed the museum permanently beyond
the reach of financial embarrassment.
Working: on the Jump.
It is not an unußual thing for the general
offices of large corporations to be moved from
other cities to. New York? three having been
moved from Plttsburg to this city within
the last twelve months. But the smoky city
has just had its revenge. A train com
posed of four sleeping cars, a dining car and
two baggage cars has carried away the execu
tive and clerical staffs of the National Steel
company and the American Steel Hoop com
pany over the Pennsylvania railroad to Pitts
burg. The party on the train consisted of
180 persons, whose metropolitan headquarters
had been in State street. Though the baggage
cars contained fifty trunks full of ledgers
and account books, many were not packed at
all. but were carried by the clerks down
stairs and placed by them In express wagons,
after which they sat on them until the train
was reached. Then the clerks reopened them
and resumed their work on the train through
out a large part of the evening. Of the thirty
trim and pretty women clerks and stenog
rophers twelve were kept busy until way
into the night taking dictation, the letterj
being mailed whenever the train stopped.
The two companies were moved In accordance
with the general policy of the United States
Steel corporation, of which they are part, to
group all Its various organisations la on*
The "Immense Estate" Fad.
Still another New York millionaire has b«ea
inocculated with the real estate bacillut. This
time it is Alfred Qwynne Vanderbllt, chief
recipient of the money left by the late Cor
nelius Vanderbllt. The youthful heir to som«
forty-odd million dollars, who recently mar
ried Miss Elsie French at Newport, is now
the owner of the big Durant estate la the
Adlrondacks. Sagamore Lodge and Its ac
companying 1,500 acres at South Inlet Falls,
near Raquette Lake, has been made famous
the world over by William West Durant It
is one of the finest places in the Adirondack*
and is located close to Uncas Park, the
Adirondack home of J. Plerpont Morgan and
also to that of Mrs. Collls P. ftuntington.
The fad of purchasing Immense estates has
grown enormously among New Tork milllon-i
aires in the last twenty years, one of the
most notable acquisitions of thii aore being
that of E. H. Hawiman In Rockland county
this state. The Adlrondacks is a popular
region for this sort of establishment and
already George J. Gould, William C. Whitney,
Timothy L. Woodruff and the Webb estate are
notable landholders in addition to those
named In this connection. Mr. Vanderbilt
will take possession of his new property by
the middle of this month.
Sandwich Man's Union.
A few years ago there was perhaps no
"business" in New York more despised by
the man "on his uppers" than that of the
sandwich-board, or sign-carrying man, fclnce
the first "sandwich" strolled down Broadway,
however, to the amusement and edification
of the public, these peripatetics have achieved
the dignity of a union, whose members are
as rigid in the enforcement of their rlgb/j
as the men of any other trade. One advant
age has developed In this business which was
not forseen by its pioneers. Strangers fre
quently ask Information of them when police
men are not at hand or when they are very
busy preventing the blocking of traffic, and
It is not an Infrequent thing for the stranger
to reward his cicerone with a robiwntlal
tip. The same thing is true when the sand
wich man assists women of unusual timidity
across the streets when no policemen is to be
seen. A few of them, in fact, have Worked
up a clientelle among the regujar shoppers
of the district At any rate women are fre
quently seen to wait for the sandwich man
in preference even to an officer and Judging
from the radiance that seldom fails to illu
minate the features of the peripatetic after
the performance, it is only a fair Inference
that the tip is not small. _n # n. A
to have twenty-seven,-English boys examined
In London next Thursday for admission to the
Boston Institute of Technology beeaus«
there a none so good In England, Im't ltt