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Mr. Roosevelt's Speech
The apcetle of "the strenuous life" talked
to the people of Minnesota to-day. Vice
President Roosevelt's state fair address
is a message straight from the heart of
that splendid American whoee faith and
■whose works constitute an inspiration to
the young men of his country.
He took account first of the fact that
our own great and prosperous state, the !
evidences of whose greatness and prosper
ity were all about him, is the product of j
the courage of the pioneer and the con-j
tinued effort and struggle of his success
ors, subduing the wilderness, removing
obstacles, planting civilization in the
place of barbarism and working out the
destiny of a great state. Here has been
done "the great, the characteristic, the
typical work of our American life," for
here homes have been made and a state
has been built up v,itlt *H its institutions!
insuring the safety, the education and the I
prosperity of the people. In this conquest i
of natural conditions there has been no
place for the timid or the irresolute, the
Idle or the slothful; the results are the
product of the toil and endurance guided
by intelligence and hope and courage to
an unfinished but a splendid triumph. !
"Under such conditions are developed the !
sturdiest elements of character and out
of such experience is born the most loyal
devotion to the institutions of our coun
This fact emphasized at the outset gave
Mr. Roosevelt the starting point from
■which he argued the duty and the mission
of our great republic in the world. By
as much as we have been courageous and
faithful and triumphant in establishing
here in the new world a nation rich in the
treasures of nature, the products of skill,
the intelligence of her people and in the
rights and liberties and privileges guar
anteed by her institutions and her laws,
Iby so much it is her duty to confer as
far as may be the benefits of her civiliza
tion upon less favored peoples when the
opportunity presents itself.
The opportunity came unexpectedly and
unsought. But no matter how it came it
is here and it is no longer opportunity
with privilege, but opportunity with obli
The concluding portion of Mr. Roose
velt's address, after a clearsighted recog
nition of some of the problems at home
and the best means of treating them, was
devoted to what he described as "world
duties." Admitting with all sincerity that
our first duties are home duties, he in
•isted that they are manifestly not our
•whole duty—that "whether we like it or
not we cannot avoid hereafter having du
ties to do in the face of other nations"
and before the eyes of the world.
In entering upon the discharge of these
world duties he would have us make it
clear to all observers that we intend to do
Justice; and he would have us make It
equally clear that we will not tolerate In
justice being done us in return. How
well we have succeeded in establishing this
opinion of our purposes among the na
tions of the world may be judged in part
from the estimate which the people of the
■world entertain with respect to us now
as compared with the notions they had
of us when we took a less conspicuous part
in world affairs. But we are not depend
ent for our sense of the Tightness of our
purposes or the comparative wisdom of
our performance upon the judgment of the
outside world. We have results to show
■which challenge the approval of all fair
minded people. What has been accom
plished in Cuba and in our island posses
sions is recounted briefly by Mr. Roose
velt who stands upon the proposition that
"the spirit and not the mere form of gov
ernment is the essential matter" —a prop
osition which goes to the heart of the
question of American control in the
Islands. "The Togalogs, for instance have
a hundredfold the freedom they would
have if we had abandoned the islands.
"We are not," Mr. Roosevelt truly says,
"trying to subjugate a people; we are
trying to develop them, and make them a
law-abiding, industrious and educated peo
ple, and we hope, ultimately a self-gov
It would be impossible to think of a
man like Theodore Roosevelt looking at
this question of national duty in any other
■way than that in which he presents it.
No other view would be in keeping with
his strenuous habit of mind which is
never daunted by difficulties when duty
appears to lie ahead clear and beckoning.
Shaffer's Momentous Blunder
If the charges made by J. D. Hickey,
former vice president of the Amalgamated
Association of Iron and Steel Workers,
are wall founded, it must be admitted that
in President Shaffer the association has
a labor Napoleon the iLttle instead of a
Napoleon the Great. If J. P. Morgan, act
ing for the steel trust, made Mr. Shaffer
the proposition that Mr. Hickey says was
made, the president of the Amalgamated
association dealt that body a more harm
ful blow than any of its enemies has ever
been able to give it. According to Mr.
Hickey, Mr. Morgan agreed to sign the
scale for four additional mills, as an ex
periment. If the association kept faith in
these mills and carried out the agree
ment, within two years every mill in the
steel combine would be included in the
agreement—that is to say would be union
What more could Mr. Shaffer reasonably
ask? Here he waa granted a considerable
concession and given a promise that if
the association kept its word, all of the
employes of the steel trust would be per
mitted to unite with it in two years—the
very thing the striKe was called for.
But Shaffer declined to accept the Mor
gan offer, called the strike and he and
the association now appear to be on the
rapidly descending high road to defeat
and ruin. If thi« fate is.realized it will be
an impressive object lesson for other labor
leaders. It will teach again the old lesson
of the curses of war and the advantages
of pe-ceful adjustments of conflicting inter
The Years of the Forests
The destruction of the pine forests* of
Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan is
going on fast enough, but the prediction
of a Minneapolis lumberman who has
strayed to San Francisco, that within ten
years there will not be half a dozen saw
mills running in the three states, is ut
terly absurd. Just how much pine tim
ber still awaits the ax and saw in these
three states cannot be told, but certainly
there are not less than 15,000,000,000 feet
in Minnesota alone.
It has always been the experience of the
lumber business that the supply of tim
ber generally exceeds estimates anfi that
it takes longer to denude a given region
of its pine than the lumbermen expect it
will. Very few lumbermen will be found
to agree with Mr. Glover in his estimai.e
of the remaining years of the white pine
forests. But at any rate, those years are
altogether too few, and there can be no
doubt that within a period of ten years
the shrinkage in the output of lumber in
the three Lake Superior states will be
very large and an industry now ranked
among the first in those states, especially
in Minnesota, will have declined to com
paratively small proportions, bringing
ruin to many towns and villages now sup
ported almost solely by the lumber in
dustry. In cities like Minneapolis and
Duluth, other interests will gradually
take the place of the manufacture of lum
ber and the decline of the lumber trade
will not seriously affect them.
Much as the approaching destruction of
the great northern forests and the disap
pearance of a great industry are to be
regretted, it is impossible to stay the
tendency. The forestß will be partly re
stored in the future by scientific forestry
and prudent lumbering, but the standing
timber is doomed, unless the state or na
tional government create reserves.
Shooting Season and Game Laws
The opening of the open season for
grouse, or prairie chickens, as they are
familiarly known, is sending large num
bers of men, dogs and guns to the stubble
fields of the state. Our laws fix no limit
upon the size of bags which may be
brought in, and the slaughter will be,
as usual, enormous. A man may shoot
twenty, thirty or forty brace to his gun,
or more, if he has the "luck," a term
generally applicable to the hunter who
knows the birds and their haunts best,
has the best dogs and knows how to shoot
and when to shoot.
It 1b well that pubic interest in the
protection of game is Increasing. In our*
country it has been up-hill work, except
in the older eastern states, to legislate
successfully for the protection of game
birds and same animals. Americans gen
erally regard such legislation as a wil
ful obstruction of their rights. A similar
view is largely taken of attempts to pro
tect the forests from utter extinction.
Witness the bitter opposition to the legis
lation setting apart forest reservations
for the nation. Game protection, however,
is increasingly favored, and, according
to the agricultural department, which has
issued a digest of the game laws, four
fifths of the states and territories have
legislated on the subject, or, within the
last few years, have amended existing
laws and made them stricter, and have
placed restrictions upor che methods of
taking and selling, storing and shipment
of game, some of the restrictions being
rather too stringent and impracticable,
and, therefore, frequently violated. All
this legislation denotes a deeper interest
in the subject which is to be commended.
Without reasona/ble and enforced restric
tions, our best game birds would disap
pear and deer would meet the fate of the
once-numerou3 buffaloes. Maine has pro
tected her moose by judicious legislation
so that there is still a good supply of this
fine game in the northern counties. In
Minnesota the laws as to mooße are strin
gent enough, "but they came too late to
prevent a rather ruinous onslaught upon
that big game, of which, however, there
is still enough to develop large future
herds. The public is waking up to a
realization that without game laws and
game law enforcement, shooting seasons
will, sooner or later, become aching
voids by reason of the fact that there is
no game to shoot. In some of the states,
indeed, the laws require that the game
laws and all matter relating to the in
troduction of game and game preserves
shall be read two or three times a year
in the public schools.
The old game laws of England resulted
in the excessive preservation of game
birds and small animals, which preyed
disastrously upon the crops of the farm
ers, and the existing laws, although modi
fled, are the subject of constant grumbling
among rural populations where restric
tions of any kind are denounced, and
the poacher takes his risks as a matter
of business. People in this country could
not endure the system of gamekeeper
espionage which obtains in England. In
Mrs. Humphry Ward's "Marcella," the
stringent nature of the English game
laws is Interestingly brought out. Those
laws are more in the interest of a class
THE MOnSTEAPO LIS JOUKNAII
than of the public generally. In our coun
try this cannot be said of the game laws.
They hit the pot-hunter hard, as a gen
eral thing, and that individual ought to
be hit hard. He Is no friend of the pub
lic, who are increasingly of the opinion
that restrictive legislation to protect
game is very much in the public's in
A Completed Evolution
With one of the trial races to deter
mine whether Columbia or Constitution
shall defend America's cup already past
and another toeing sailed this afternoon,
interest in the great contest grows apace.
Whether it be Columbia or Constitution
that represents the republic, it iB certain
that the superb yacht Sir Thomas Lipton
■has brought over the sea will have to
.meet an antagonist formidable in the
highest degree. The remarkable showing
made by Columbia up to date, including
,her victory over Constitution on Satur
day, rather makes it probable that she
will again defend the cup.
This fact, together with the other fact,
that Shamrock 11. has been built largely
on Columbia's lines, would seem to in
dicate that the evolution of the- -sailing
racing yacht has about reached its cli
If, after two years, Sir Thomas Lipton
has not been able to make any extensive
alterations in the Columbia model and
the American attempt to Improve upon
her shall prove to be a failure, it may
be assumed that perfection in racing
yacht building has been reached, and that
hereafter races will be won not so much
on the yachts' lines as of old, and more
on the seamanship of captain and sailors.
Iv other words, it begins to look as if in
ternational contests hereafter will be
more a matter of men than of models.
The Canal Route
It is reported from Washington, with
a considerable decree of positiveness and
plausibility, that a majority of the
Walker interoceanic canal commission
will recommend the abandonment of the
Nicaragua route and the purchase by the
government of the plant, concessions and
character of the Panama canal corpora
tion, on the ground that it will be more
economical than the construction of the
long Nicaragua canal with its seventeen
or eighteen locks and longer time of
passage for vessels (three or four days
as compared with less than two days by
the Panama route) and poor harbors at
the terminals, Brito and Greytown. The
financial estimate is said to be 50 per
cent in favor of the Panama project on
a fair valuation. There are men in con
gress, however, who are so enamored of
the Nicarugua route that they would no
doubt stand by it, even if they had in
dubitable demonstration that the Panama
canal could be made ready for business at
a net cost one-third that of the Nicaragua
canal. It is difficult to comprehend this
infatuation. The construction of the in
teroceanic canal is purely a matter of
business and practical business men will
regard cost and comparative advantages
and future usefulness rather than toy with
a fad. This nation is likely to take the
practical business view.
Our treaty with New Grenada of 1846,
binding now upon the United States of
Colombia, requires our government to
guarantee the "perfect neutrality" of the
Isthmus of Panama, so that absolutely free
transit may be maintained and not em
barassed or interrupted from any cause,
while Colombia reciprocates by giving the
United States right of transit across the
isthmus on rail or water modes of com
munication constructed or to be con
structed, for the transportation of any
articles or produce, manufactures or mer
chandise of lawful commerce belonging
to citizens of the United States, the
charges for transportation to be the
same for citizens of either country. The
United States, thus guarantees the perfect
neutrality of the isthUmus and there
fore the perfect neutrality of any railway
or canal constructed.
Our government is now doing its treaty
duty in protecting the railway transit
on the isthmus from interference and
obstruction during the present revo
lution in Colombia, and it is bound to do
the same service for an interoceanic canal
across the ißthmus of Panama. The Col
ombian government, of course, is not re
lieved from its share of responsibility for
the protection of the railway from local
disturbance. Secretary Fish so held in
1873. If our government takes over the
Panama canal plant and finishes the
work, it will be bound to insure the "per
fect neutrality" of the work just as it
does the Panama railway. American
statesmen, who have been opposing the
principle of canal neutrality will find
themselves forced to admit that our gov
ernment is bound fast to the principle.
WUI they insist upon the abolition of the
treaty of 1846 as they insist upon the
abolition of the treaty of 1850 because
of the embodiment of this principle in
Coming into Minneapolis on the lowa &
Minnesota division of the Milwaukee Is a
good deal like going to Sitn Francisco by way
of the Soo. Possibly the road expects its
patrons to get off at Mendota and walk. It
would be quicker.
A student at a metaphysical Institute 'n
Duiuth was told that the first step in men
tal control was to get every malicious thought
from the mind. That evening a neighbor
came in and borrowed a cup of sugar, a roll
of butter and his new stepladder.
The Brown county fair has been giving an
exhibition of dog aeronauts. The pups are
forced to Jump with parachutes. When the
dog strikes the United States he i» sometimes
sausage, and the humane society has pro
They are beginning to talk about skating in
the parks. The simple idea makes the coal
baron's Joyful yodel sound like a ripsaw
: striking a pine knot in high C.
When Roosevelt was eeen the band explod
ed so hard that it fractured its trom-bone.
Dusty old Tarns Bixby, the miller, is put
ting up a 1,000-barrel mill at Red Wing.
KJEAPPEN'S VALUABLE ARTICLES
Little Falls Transcript.
A series of articles is being published in
The Minneapolis Journal by Theodore Knap
pen describing the resources and develop
ment of northern Minnesota. Several inter
esting maps have also been published in |
connection with the articles. A careful study
of the letters will add to the knowledge of
any one interested in this ferowing section of
What They Mean.
. ' . ' Houston Post. -
The Virginia republicans denounce trusts but
favor combinations of capital. ; They are evi
dently not after money, but Just boodle. *
- 't' ■' . No Choice.'- '•"■■"; "": ' "
, ; .\y Chicago: News.
Germany does not want to trade with us,
but what can the poor thing do when we have
the goods 1 and Germany' needs" them?, " <
THE CONFESSIONS OF A "DUFFER"
New York Commercial Advertiser.
A man seated on a veranda watched "somt
of the guests playing at tennis; others were
going to the links; and some had arisen early
to go fishing down the bay. He wa» a man
of middle age, with gray hair, a tobacco heart
and the veranda habit. j
He was prosperous so far as the goods of
this world were concerned. He numbered
among his goods a sumptuously upholstered
wife and what are known as interesting chil
dren. He had no fear of any financial crash,
and his cruise of Standard Oil waa far richer
than that known to Aaron or the Justly cele
And yet this man, envied by many, was
profoundly unhappy as he watched the men,
women and children.
He was a man that knew no game except
patience, the "morosa voluptas" of the'
He spoke frankly to anyone that was willing
"You would not think it, but I was a sick
ly boy. Not only did I have all the diseases
of infancy and childhood; I had a weak con
stitution, and as a child I was almost ulwaya
In the house. At school I tried hard to play
all the games. At yard sheep—a flne game—
1 was always caught, and so I was at duck.
I was regularly skinned of my marbles. It
was my top that was split. I never could
learn to skate well; In fact, my skates
never fitted me. How hard I tried to swim!
At first in Mill river, where the little boys
made me ashamed, and then In the Connecti
cut, where I was nearly drowned. And only
after I was forty years old did I learn to
keep my legs up In the water. 1 have confi
dence, 1 have ambition, but my swimming is
merely • a feeble accomplishment of late
years. I could not throw a snowball, even
when it was made of ice, with any force or
accuracy. And thus I was mortified, although
I had the good excuse for a year that I had
broken my arm by falling from an apple tree.
"Whe,n I went away to school—to the acad
emy at Exeter —I tried to play baseball. By
some accident and with my eyes shut in the
left field I made a marvelous catch of a
long and high fly. I was so surprised that I
trembled and had gooseflesh. As a result of
this feat I was put on the class nine, and
The attraction next week at the Metropoli
tan is to be the sweet singer and clever Irish
comedian, Chauncey Olcott, in his new com
edy success, "GarrettO'Magh," the play writ
ten for him by his manager, Augustus Pitou.
It will be presented here with the original
cast and scenic embellishments which char
acterized the successful run of the play in
New York city. *
Haverly's minstrels opened a week's en
gagement at the Metropolitan yesterday to
a large house. The regulation minstrel show
is given with "first part" and olio, and it
seemed to meet with high favor from the
audience. A review of the performance will
be given in this column to-morrow.
Lovers of laughter have in store a great
time at the Bijou this week. Mathews and
Bulger are stirring up no end of fun, par
ticularly Bulger, whose Impersonation of
Frost, the Iceman,' in ''The Night of the
Fourth," is funnier than ever. His singing
of comic songs is a feature, the most fetch
ing being a rag-time affair entitled, "When
Shakspere Comes to Town." Eight or nine
encores are the rule ■with this soug. Messrs.
Mathews and Bulgsr are a pair of royal enter
tainers, and "The Night of the Fourth" is a
bright, breezy and clever vehicle for the ex
ploitation of their talents. A critical review
of the production -will be given in this col
"In Old Kentucky," improved by the addi
tion of an entirely new outfit of scenery and
presented by one of the strongest companies
ever engaged to appear in the play, comes
to the Bijou next week. This Is the ninth
season, for this play, and its drawing powers
remain as great as heretofore. -
A REBEL OF THE VELDT
Saddle'and bridle and girth. -1 . , v.
• Stirrup and crupper and bit; , '
Man on the top of a little horse, L ■' "
\. Shaggy. and; strong and fit. v-- ■•■; - v-
Rugged and bearded face, , „,, .*".- :;'
Ragged old hat of felt, \
RiSe that kills at a thousand yards, V r-
And a tight-crammed cartridge belt. -
CHORUS. -.' '
O, it isn't by turning out your toes, .' ''
". You can beat the foe in a fight, .'.'.. '. \" _'""
Or by learning to march like a marionette, -
Or by keeping your buttons bright; _• j
And it isn't the way that you crook your arm
When, you shut your eye to shoot; • '■■[■ X ;
But it's taking to cover at every chance, '
Hillock and rock and root. ' " " ",.
He. doesn't know how to dress, '..- • .■■
And -he doesn't know, how to drill;
But he met the smartest troops in the world,
And fought till they had their fill; ..;;': -
He's a slovenly, awkward chap; * .!.'_■ ,
He's a lubberly farmer man; •
But be lay on the veldt from dawn till down,
. And shot till they broke and ran.
For it isn't the way that you keep the touch,
Or the' way that you wheel about, \
And it isn't by pulling your -waist belt in
And by padding your tunic out; >
And it isn't by cocking your forage cap.
■ Or. by gluing a glass in your eye; • ■
But it's knowing the way to shoot, -;
And it's learning the way to die. "
They have gathered his kith and kin
In a prison beyond the sea;
But they can't imprison a daring soul
That lives in a bosom free;
They have shattered the calcined walls
Which sheltered his child and wife;
But they can't extinguish the lame they've lit
Till It dies with his dying life.
For it's never the heat of a burning home
That has softened a foeman's heart;
And It's never the reek of a lyddite shell
That has riven his ranks apart;
And it isn't money; it isn't men,
When the guns' loud song begins;
But it's feeling your foot on your native land.
And it's being right—that wins.
--Bertrand Shadwell in Chicago Evening Post.
August Harper's Magazine-.
Uncle Ephralm's ruaty hat droops humbly
over his black and wrinkled forehead; his
coat pockets are sagging away from his coat;
one knee is covered with a blue patch, the
other one with a white one sewed on witn
black thread; his shoes, are full of holes, and
It would puzzle any one to declare the origi
nal color of any article of his apparel. He
pulls off the drooping hat as he looks over my
garden fence, and gives me a smile that
makes me feel better for an hour. "Miss
Alice," he asks, cheerfully, "you don't know
nobody (that wantster hire nobody to do noth
in' fer 'em dls mawnin', does you?"
A Special Session Echo.
Groton, S. D., Independent.
Minnesota is to have a special session of
the legislature next spring to take action on
the work of its revenue commission, and
George R. Laybourn, a member of the body.
Is out with a protest against the same. At
this distance it looks very much as though
George's sympathies were all with the cor
porations, which will be adversely affected
by a stiff revenue law.
The Corn Acknowledged.
Alpena, S. D., Journal.
Albert Ahart received a check from L. N.
Loomis of $479.50 for corn last Saturday. Mr.
Ahart has marketed from his last year's crop
over 4,000 bushels of corn, fattened flfty hogs,
fed a lot of it to his steers and has one large
crib of corn left and another good crop in
the field, and yet there are croakers who will
tell you that this is not a corn country.
Only the People.
Parker, S. D., New Era.
It Is said that no one in New York is for
Roosevelt but the people. The politician!
are not the people In this instance.
Standing: Ip for Ella.
Several of our* exchanges are commenting
oa the Messenger and Ella Wheeler Wllcox.
They can say all they please about the Mes
senger man, but they better let #]!» alone;
, she's all rl£ht.
I played In a great match. I muffed every
thing—and I hit the ball only once—when I
was not ready to strike. Oh, the disgrace
of that day! It was about thirty years ago,
and yet I flush uncomfortably when I recall
the field and the spectators and the excite
ment and the shouts and groans.
"I was always near sighted, and this In
firmity accounted In a measure for my awk
wardness, which was pronounced in croquet,
billiards, bowling, archery. Nor could 1 learn
to row. Perhaps I was afraid of the water
then; I know I am now. Pishing I always
detested, and I am not moved by flne weather
with an irresistible desire to go out and kill
"I cannot dance. My father had strange
and deeply rooted prejudices. He did not
think—he knew that dancing was an invention
of Satan, the abomination of desolation.
Quadrilles were bad enough—but the waltz,
the galop—fie! an ounce of civet. I was for
the most part obedtent, and therefore I never
learned to dance.
"I remember when tennis came Into fash
lon. My friends persuaded me to try my
hand; but they soon gave up asking me. Nor
could I ever master the terminology. I once
went over golf links—with my hands In my
pockets. The walk was a pleasant one, and
I wondered why men spoiled it by trying
to hit balls and by profanity.
"Though I jest at those who find pleasure,
and possibly health, in any of these sports, I
inwardly envy them. For I feel as one set
apart from my fellowmen, as though I were
Inferior or superfluous. When my youngest
boy asked me to make him a kite, I
blushed, put him off, paid the boy of a
neighbor to make one; and then what did my
brat do' but give me away. I throw with
affected ease a ball to my oldest, and I hear
him say, when he thinks I'm out of earshot,
'Isn't pa a duffer?'
"There should be schools of all sports. It
Is true that at Harvard, Yale, Cornell, Co
lumbia,- the University of Pennsylvania, a
young man can obtain instruction in rowing
and at football, but there should be still
more catholic universities In which all sports
are taught young boys; from duck to
vingt-et-un; from bicycle riding to kite fly
ROBERT G. EVANS
Winona Independent—Robert G. Evans was
a rare character, a politician of high motives
and integrity, who maintained a lofty posi
tion In the public service. He did not buy
his political success, directly or indirectly—
he earned it. Politicians of this kind tre
not plentiful, and it is a great loss to tte
people when one dies in his prime. It is
nothing but the simple truth to say that the
death of Robert G. Evana has left a vacan
cy In the public service that will be difficult
Mankato Free Press—ln his death Minne
apolis and the state have lost a foremost
citizen, a strong, brilliant man, whose place
it will be most difficult to fill.
Duluth News-Tribune—Probably no public
man in Minnesota enjoyed a greater number
of personal friendships. Other thousands who
did not know Mr. Evans personally will feel
that the state has suffered a losa in the de
mise of one who brought to public duties a
high sense of honor, signal ability and un
impeachable fidelity to the interests of the
St Cloud Journal-Press—He was a man of
big brain and big heart, genial and com
panionable, and actuated at all times by
pure motives. No man in Minnesota had
more personal friends won by the good quali
ties of the man.
Stillwater Gazette—His work was not fin
ished; yet the hand that spares not has taken
him. He was fearless, honest, upright, clean.
In his death, like that of Davis, the state
suffers a great and almost irreparable loss.
Owatonna Journal—There are few men as
widely known as he was and none more
universally respected and admired. It was
characteristic of him that, while he was
known throughout the state principally as a
republican orator, the bitterest partizanship
could find nothing in his method of discuss
ing public questions to criticize. His genial
personality, his unfailing good humor, his
fairness' and candor impresssed everybody.
His more Intimate friends not only respected
Mr. Evans for his honesty, his loyalty and
his courage, and admired him for his ability,
but they loved the big-hearted, large-souled
Brainerd Dispatch—He was admired for his
manly qualities by his political friends and
foes alike, and a promising career has been
cut short by the crual hand of death.
Albert Lea Tribune—He was a man of broad
ideas, and small thingß were foreign to his
nature. Mr. Evans was a strong partizan of
the republican, faith and yet he was gener
ous to his political opponents. He waa an
orator of marked ability and when he dis
cussed political questions before the people
he treated them in a broad and statesmanlike
Dawson Sentinel—His life was an ex
emplification of the fact that it is possible
for an honest, upright, generous, noble
man to remain pure in politics and at the
same time exert a wonderful influence in
the'affaire of his party. His political career
points to a moral that those who come after
will, do well to heed. He leaves behind him
en influence for good. He waa a true Ameri
Rochester Post and Record—ln public and
private life he was a model man.
Pipestone Star—Seldom in the loss of a
single public character has Minnesota suffered
more severely than when the angei of death
laid its fatal hand suddonly upon our eminent
lawyer and statesman, Robert G. Evans.
Renville Record —He would undoubtedly I
have served the state and union in high
stations if his life had been spared him. He
was but on the threshold of his career. He
had but reached the maturity of his powers.
Waterville Advance—Brilliant as was his
past, his future prospects were even brighter.
The world is better for bis having lived in
it, and the impression he has made In
politics and In law will prove a lasting
New Ulm Review—Above all political affilia
tions and ambition Mr. Evans was a man
cultured, refined, Irreproachable Brilliant in
Intellect, kind to his family. He was of the
kind of men whom all classes love and hig
memory will be cherished along with that cf
C. K. Davis and others who have helped to
make Minnesota what it is to-day.
Alexandria Post-News—Robert Evans was
a man who was loved. There was nothing
perfunctory about the feelings of those who
came to know him, nothing mechanical,
nothing businesslike about his friendships.
Men were drawn to him by strong, ev«n
ardent affeotlon which he wen and held by
the largeness of his nature, the bigness of
his heart and mind. His was the easiest
possible character to analyze for he was just
thoroughly genuine. He was not complex,
he was simple and true and honest and earn
est. There were no false notes. He was
ambitious, but ambition was never able to
make him false. He was successful but suc
cess only meant with him greater opportun
ity to do for those about him and for his
country. In his public life he was the same
as in his home and with hip Wends. He
stood for the incorruptible, the unselfish
and for the larger view. He was intensely
American, and in the best sense partizau,
but he was always fair and honorable in his
political as in his private affairs. He was an
example In every walk of life and while
Robert G. Evans is dead, and the heart
aches in realizing it, yet there Is pride in
the thought of what he was and what his
life means to all who knew him.
Anoka Herald—His life should serve as a
stimulating example to ambitious young men,
for what success he achieved was not due to
birth or position or good fortune, but was
the result of a steady, honest, vigorous ap
plication of his native powers, supplemented
by an unswerving fidelity of principle and a
courage that nothing could daunt.
Luverne Herald—The truest tribute to
Robsrt G. Evans wUI never be written or
spoken. That tribute is found in the love
and devotion of his friends—in the tears
which strong; men shed in secret—lv the
heart-ache whose pain is speechless. To
summarize his virtues it may be said of him
that he loved his fellow men. In that great
heart, now forever stilled, whose every throb
was an impulse of love and kindness, there
was no room for malice. The people never
had a truer friend than they had in R. G.
Evans. The cause of honest government
never had a stronger or braver champion.
Krery drop of his blood was patriotic. He
loved the flag, his country and its institu
tions as he loved the happy home now deso
late. Such men as Robert Q. Evans are
born at long intervals. A century has room
lor but lew of his kind.
MONDAY EVEISTING, SEPTEMBEK 2, 1901
Al : LABOR TIAV pouivrr
— ~ —*■*■ ~ -— — , —- --*■ ■»•-■■ -»i.»»?^r JtTJUfaM;^;^/ M-J -■
py Albert Ross.,.
Copyright, 1901, by A. 8. Richardson.
Crowds lined the streets from curbstone
back to the very buildings; and as far almost
as the eye could reach this dense mass of
humanity, men, women and children, cheered
and waved parasols, hats, handkerchiefs and
The great Labor Day parade passed slowly
along, and parties of plcknickers filled the
6treet cars on other thoroughfares.
Fathers, husbands and sons were where
every son of toil should be on such a day
in the ranks of the labor men on parade. A
few were working in miniature shops erected
as floats, representing some particular line of
industry and drawn along the streets by gaily
decked horses; but the multitude were in the
ranks, each in his respective union, doing
his little to swell the showing In the army
of the laboring man, the bone and sinew of
a great nation.
Ted Gardner, as usual, was la line. Ted's
friends always looked for him on one of the
huge floats that preceded the various unions
and labor organizers representing the differ
ent branches of mechanical art. For six
years Ted had been with the Westchester
company, and there was not a man of the
five hundred and more employes who earned
his livelihood within the walls but had a
cheery word for Ted. Since the last Labor
Day parade, however, to his most inti
mate friends Ted had not appeared to be just
as cheerful as in the aid days. Moreover,
he was doing too much night work at home.
"It's enough to work your eight hours each
day, Ted," said Fitson to him the morning
of the parade, "and put in your evenings
"Not the kind that knocks around, Fits,"
"Go over and see the girl, then, my boy,"
responded Fitson, as a parting shot. "That's
"Good advice," muttered Gardner to him
self. "But I quit that a year ago."
The Westchester employes always met after
the Labor Day ceremonies and had an ex
cursion of their own in a general, good, old
fashioned picnic style. This year Ted had
decided to take charge of the two floats that
came from the Westchester shops and see
them safely returned. He was not going to
On one float, showing a small marine en
gine and three benches with the same num
ber of men businly at work, was Ted, attired
in working clothes and doing nothing in par
ticular but moving about.
His mind was evidently on the other float
ahead, for he continually glanced in that
direction. On this float was a genuine, if
small, naphtha launch, and to add to the
realistic effect, three ladies of the office staff
and as many men from the same department,
becomingly attired in boating costumes, were
lounging about on the cushions. The small
engine in the craft was not working, but the
naphtha was occasionally lighted to keep
steam up for the purpose of blowing the ear
splitting whistle at stated intervals.
It was not the float itself that attracted
the attention of young Gardner, but Little
Nell Fowler, one of the three ladies. Nell
wrs the oldest daughter of big Joe Fowler,
for many years foreman of the Westchester
works, and a man who thought well of Ted
and had kept his eye on the boy in the early
days, for ''there's somethig more than ordi
nary in that cuss," he would say. But Joe
contracted diphtheria during the epidemic in
the shops in '99, and was the third of the
eight men carried off that never to be for
The company did 'something handsome,"
aa the boys put It, for each oT the bereaved
families, and, in addition, in Fowler's case,
took into the office at a fair salary his daugh
ter Xell, a young woman of some twenty
The day of Joe's sudden death Ted had met
Nell walking dawn to the works to deliver
the message. She was weeping. He had
never spoken to her before, but he suspected
her mission, and, raising his cap politely,
said feelingly: "Please, Miss Fowler, I'll
tell them at the works. Don't you go down
Nell hesitated a moment, looked appealingly
at him, then "Thank you," she said. "You
are very kind." Quickly she retraced her
steps, and Ted, watching the retreating flg
ure for a moment, sauntered off to break tho
news to the office staff.
Daily New York Letter
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
The Customs "Hold. Up."
Sept. 2.—Five thousand vessels bearing
duitable gcods enter the port of New York
every year. Three hundred and fifty custom
house inspectors are employed by the United
States to collect the customs on these goods,
and when one remembers that the main
revenue of the government is derived from
its tariffs on imported merchandise, the. Im
portance of the mechanism by which these
duties are levied and collected can easily be
realized. Of the ships that enter this har
bor some anchor at docks in Jersey City,
some in Brooklyn, New York proper, Ho
boken, and 3ome go up through Hell Gate
to various sound anchorages To keep the
run of all these vessels is. therefore, not an
easy matter, and as might be expected, the
greatest trouble experienced by the customs
officials is in the collection of duties from
private passengers. As soon as a vessel is
caught sight of by any of the signal men on
Fire Island or Sandy Hook, word is tele
graphed to the Barge office on Manhattan
island, where the revenue collectors make
their rendezvous. A coterie of deputy asslsi
ant collectors is then detailed to meet the
ship, the custom-house already having re
ceived from the other side the exact number
and classification of passengers. Two blanks
are then prepared far each passenger and
given to the inspectors who go down the bay
to meet the steamer in the government
revenue cutter. At the head of the inspectors
Is a "boarding officer," who goes abroard nrst
to examine the ship's "manifest." containing
a list of the cargo. The inspectors then
come aboard and distribute a little circular
among the passengers, which gives the essen
tial features of the United States tariff laws,
each passenger also receiving a blank form
of "declaration," on which he is supposed to
enter the list of all his duitable goods. Hav
ing done so, he swetrs to Its accuracy, signs
it and receives from the Inspector a duplicate
to show to the chief inspector when his
baggage has been landed ready for examla
tion. It is notorious, however, that few if
any passengers really make a true list of
their duitable goods. For some reason they
seem to think It all right to commit perjury
when the government is a party to the trans
action, which, of course, is the sole reason
for the great stringency of the customs regu
How Smugffleri Are Caught.
When a passenger's baggage has been taken
upon the pier an Inspector Is assigned to him
by the officer In charge of the work. The
passenger hands him his declaration, and
with this in hand the inspector proceeds to
open his trunks and parcels to see how far
the declaration and the facts correspond.
Frequently there is, no correspondence at all
and the trunks are found to be full of duit
able goods. If the would-be smuggler is a
reputable citizen he is given the benefit of
the doubt and the inspector passes over
everything not declared, provided the value
is not great; otherwise they are sent to the
appraiser's store to await further action of
the officials. When during the examination
of a passenger's baggage the Inspector finds
some article that he knows to be duitable,
but which has not been declared, although no
effort has be*n made to conceal it, he sends
for an expert appraiser, who estimates its
value and the passenger is allowed to pay
the duty and leave unmolested. The custom
house reserves the right to sieze any goods
thus found, however, and the passenger is
liable to arrest and imprisonment for making
a false declaration, though only in flagrant
cases does the department take advantage
of its right to Bieze goods not declared. While
the passenger's baggage is being examined
on the pier, detectives dressed in citizen's
clothes are moving about here and there
Yes, he remembered all that as though it
were yesterday; yet It was almost three years
ago. Labor Day of that year Nell waß not
at the picnic, but on the next holiday she
was- there and on that very day he had told
It needed no telling, for Nell had known
long ago, as every woman does, and she was
proud of It; but she sat silently picking a
wild flower to pieces as he spoke, and finally,
when he asked that she give up the office
and come with him to a new home of their
own, she rose to her feet and moved away.
He had followed. From then on she seemed
to change. At least Ted thought so. Again
he had spoken, and this time got an answer.
It was "No." If she held any love for him,
it was hidden deep somewhere beyond the
vision of human eyes.
"If it's on account of your mother, Nell,"
Ted ventured, "why, of course, she'll live
with us. 1 want her, too. Why, bless you,
Nell," he went on with a cheerful smile, "'I
believe I want her as bad as I do you."
But Nell only shook her head, and day
after day, as Ted passed the office, he watche.l
her bending over the desk, and she seemed
to be slipping further and further away from
him and his love.
All this flashed through his mind as the
parade moved on, and he glanced from the
cheering crowds to the little figure in the float
The procession was now near the end of the
line of march and had stopped temporarily
at the bridge over the river, which rushed
past the south entrance to the park, where
the final review and sports were to take plac?.
In the small launch ahead the occupants
were taking advantage of the stop to change
seats. The engineer was starting the Bow nf
naphtha -under the boiler to produce more
steam for a final screeching of the iittle
whistle as they entered the grounds.
Nell had moved down to the stern of the
boat. Before she was seated, however, thero
came a deafening report and a blaze of light,
followed by the screams of women.
Ted heard and saw it all. For a second he
did not move, could not, but it was only for
a second. Then he leaped over into tne
crowd: in another Instant he wag climbing
up the burning float.
The naphtha had exploded.
The horses, almost mad with fright, dashod
off at a wild pace. Men. women and children
rushed and tumbled over each other, scream
ing in their frenzy to escape death beneath
the hoots of the horses. Ted reached the seat
and grasped the lines. The animals made a
swift turn and fled toward the river. Would
he guide them into the water? The crowd
saw his effort end cheered. All this happened
in a minute or less.
No! He could not control them! On they
dashed, on the edge of the stream, but not
into the saving flood. Losing time was losing
Ted looked back into the float. The occu
pants stood screaming, not daring to Jump.
The engineer wae writhing In agony, a mass
of flames. The pain was driving him mad.
Suddenly he Jumped to his feet, leaped into
the air, and—to his death.
Nell stood with her face burled in her
hands. The flames reached for her skirts.
Xow her hands were stretched out toward
him. "Ted," she cried, and staggered for
ward. Gardner caught her in his arms, and
standing for a moment poised on the edge of
the swaying vehicle, he shot forward and
over the embankment, down into the river
below. It was one chance in a thousand, 6ut
he made It.
It was not until after midnight that th»
physicians allowed her to come out from un
der the influence of the soothing opiates.
When she did, Ted was there at the bedside,
one little hand resting softly in his own big
She opened her eyes slowly, and they met
"Ted, dear, you are alive," she murmured.
He raised a warning finger.
"Hush, little girl,"' then bending over he
kissed a bandaged hand.
"You must not talk Just now, and, besides.
Gear," he went on smilingly, "I know what
all your fears were. You have a bad habit
of talking in your sleep."
With an effort she raised his big, brawny
hand to her lips; then, turning, hid her face
in the pillows.
through the crowd, watchiDg the passengers.
These detectives have, perhaps, been notified
from Scotland Yard that a certain passenger
Is bringing over a large amount of jewelry,
in consequence of which the contents of the
baggage of many a passenger Is known to
the customs authorities long before he ar
rives. If he declares It, well and good; if
not, he is likely to get into .rouble. The
government maintains a regular secret serv
ice in foreign countries to assist It In defeat
ing fraudulent entries of goods, in addition
to the service on this side. Of course, the
regulations prevailing at New York are' also
effective in all the other ports of the country.
Straiiße Skyscraper Feat.
One of the oddest building experiments ever
attempted is now under way In tbis city ia
the reconstruction of the old Morse building
in Nassau street. Eight stories of the present
structure are being sandwiched between a
new story at the bottom and six new stories
at the top. It is practically the first time
in the history of the skyscraper that any
such engineering feat has been attempted,
and thus far the experiment has proven a
success. And what aods to the striking char
acter of the undertaking Is that not once
since the work was begvn have the building's
elevators eased to run, while tenants or the
old structure have continued to do business
exactly as if nothing were happening. The
Morse building was constructed in 18T9, with
ground floor walls of extraordinary thick
ness, the tight heavy stories of the building
at that time raakln? foundation walls of the
kind absolutely recessary. These walls aro
now being moved by the contractors to be
replaced by specially made steel beams. The
roof of the building also has been removed
and in the place of it is being erected the
"balloon top" six-story addition. Around the
top wall on which the roof rested has been
placed a nap of thirty-six-inch beams, made
of ship plates and angles, and weighing about
20n pounds to the foot. Regular beams are"
run down from this to the floor and walls
below, thus giving solid support to the six
stories to be "anchored" to the cap. It will
require several months to comnlet* the
Pedestrians moving along Third avenue at
One Hundred and Twenty-seventh street aave
just b« 9 n treated to the spectacle of a man
on a big wooden ball affixed to a flagstaff 250
feet above the ground, "cutting eap«rs"
that would startle a monkey. The man was
'Steeple Paul," who has made himself
notorious by essaying dizzy climbs in the
metropolis and at other points in the state.
In the present instance, while the crowd
which scon collected below held Its breath
at the sight, "Steeple Paul" sat upright on
the ball with legs and arms outstretched, and
slowly turned around a number of times
exactly as he might have done had he b*en
only three feet above ground. Then while the
wind blew and made the pole sway slightly
to and fro, the climber deliberately rolled
a cigarette and, holding it in the hollow of
his cap, struck a match In the wind and
lighted it. At length, after seemingly having
satisfied his penchant for consplcuity, Mr
Paul "shinned" down the pole to return
later with a brush and paint, with which
he proceeded to work en the staff and note
in a sensible way. ■ j^ V"
Kansas Cattle Com* North.
Redfield, S. D., Press
There were two double-headers and one
single engine train all loaded with cattle
pulled through town- Sunday. The first had
thirty-seven cars and the second thirty-two,
and we didn't count tie third, but It was
pretty nearly as large a number. These Irl
Kannas and Nebraska cattle coming up here
to the laud of plenty to be wintered