Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBEE 27, 1901.
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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S HOME UNIVERSITY LEAGUE
. r . There is a grreat.demand for somepractical means of cducatingf the masses. , ting: the masses that will not interfere with their bread-earniW ahiiitv Th* Wr
ever receive a college or university twinine These statistics are startling but do. It PTo^to^^h^M^^^^ a^to^S"Th^^^
true. They go to show, however, the necessity of some practical means of educa- lis Journal's Home University League." form of The Minneapo
f ™ ra . -_ Bl , lra - .^ „ .T. "^ f^TnnT mmm^mmmmm^m^'!r77Tm^\ BIOGRAPHY—2O LESSONS
g\\ llVir/\irril 111 *"** Lessons m All! »• —«■*««* -■» ■»« ,„. s « m e „ Md P » rwse « a™, o-
UIJILInILUr rLAI\ I iMf*ar4r/ss&-uK*%£sl H^^^^^^rtSSfiESr
"L;- •■' IlkO itm 3 Questions. The history of the world is simply the Biography of its great heroes.
Mill Mil ■Ulllll iMIMIII IHIHHH* IHHHUMI MHIIHIH I WIT EV6ry m&n that toUChes the life of a *real man » woman is himself" mlTe grtater
g/\/\ B ' />• JL O"L "'*C rhrrV HISTORY—2O LESSONS . : • Statesmen.■.soldiers, philanthropists, scientists, inventors, poets, authors, etc..
100 lessons Given to Subscribers FREE The le _ o?I!^I~ 2sl™! 0 0^"; 810 brlns _ „ rSSSSSS H~irH r;":
- .' leading points in the growth and development of our beloved country They will " lessons. j» :
20 Lessons on ' History of Our Country. ' | •^JS'":^^Jr^Z^. lt k.^±ir lil shakespeabe-2o lessons.
_ ■ m =■- will clearly show how our great nation has become, and must remain one of the ™ TheSS leSSODS Wlll be based upon the "Actors De Luxe Edition of Shakspere,"
■•in i ACCrkriC: rkfl Tr»n%/^l '*■* - leading world powers. -: v : - _ The aim wIU be to develop tot the student an interest in the writings of the great
£*\J L.t~39U119 \3\\ II dVCIt n- , ■ =/: , r, author He will be led to see and make a correct analysis of a play. He will enjoy
" " . . I Vii. :. TRAVEL—2O LESSONS th 6 St° °f thS rISS ° £ the drama" He WIU beCOme lntimately acquainted with the
20 Lessons on Biography. ; . »■• ~ *—- -—- »*•. - v*.; % , ="=»-».=• I r;:r: r :ir^
* ' . many places of interest in both hemispheres. By means of maps charts and interpreter or human nature.
20 Lessons on Shakespeare. ' ' ™SSrr:r.S;,rtrLSrr;.::STTt- *P; T°-DATE B*siNEss-ao lessons. ■
r portance in different parts of the world. The fireside in the humblest home may be ' in'fh-i-i88^"8^", 11""?"?* 18 Buslness win be based u P°n the information as given
_. -: _ . • _, "■ "'iiv • thn.rt.ib-.nii^^w.i, • .. y in the latest and best business manuals. The many interestine and Dractical noints
*^ m\ 1 ■ 1 * W>*. * Rfc • • thus daily enlivened by the presence of scenes and nlctures of far riiotant lanria on/i «« j . ' "4icjcanug auu practical points
20 Lessons on ip-to-Date Business. , 1 ;pg p^S|g^giiliii|i -™™~r:HEH"s: ='===
■ '/---I' ; ;-- M get the most good out of his reference books and other books. The child of much that is now commonly inlsunri^r,^ i , , , " We h°pe tO make
"*™"«™ ■ ■ ■■» imm^m^m^/, I"*^ >■ :: —--^mrra.T'^r^rtr^'r'r-e^rT 1"™058
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received at Our Offices. Name
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most reputable educators west of Chicago. Ihe Minneapolis JOUmal. v; ;; Town :.: .: ' ' '- • -":: :.
THE PURCHASE FROM FRANCE
Jefferson, Benton and Other Statesmen Included
Texas and Oregon in Louisiana Territory.
No periodical publication can find room
for the cartloads of official documents,
correspondence and records which show
how uniformly and tenaciously the gov
ernment of the United States and the rep
resentatives of our people have con
tended, since 1803, that the territory
bought from France in that year was
bounded on the south by the Gulf of Mex
ico, from the mouth of the Perdido to the
mouth of the Rio Grande; that the bound
ary further followed this river from
mouth to its source; thence due north to
the parellel of 42 degrees; thence west
along that parellel to the Pacific; and that
the western boundary was the Pacific from
42 degrees to 54 degrees 40 minutes north.
France had occupied and explored but
little of this territory. Conflicting claims
to parts of it, based on discovery of coast
lines, etc., had been asserted by other
nations that had no more occupied and
explored it than France had. It was nec
essary to strengthen the title we had ob
tained from France, and the work of ex
ploring, occupying and possessing was
promptly begun. So Mr. Jefferson sent
out the Lewis and Clarke expedition in
ISO 4, which made the first exploration of
the Missouri river to its sources; then
crossing over the "divide" discovered the
Clearwater river, built boats on its banks
and navigated it to the Snake river, the
latter to the Columbia river, and the
'Columbia to the Pacific, which they
reached in December, 1805. This explora
tion completed the work of Captain Rob
ert Gray, of Boston,, the first discoverer
of the mouth of the Columbia, who sailed
up it 15 miles in 1792 and named the river
after his ship. Captain Kendrick, an
American navigator, had sailed through
the Straits of Fuca, the Gulf of Georgia
and Queen Charlotte sound to the Pacific
in 1789, and was the first to make known
the true character of those wronderful in
land waters. All this was set forth as
more than countervailing any claim to the
basin of the Columbia which England
might base on the prior discoveries of
Drake, Cook and Van couver.
The First Dwelling.
The first house in all that country was
built on the Columbia in 1810 by Captain
Winship, a New Englander, and in 1811
John Jacob Astor established his trading
post at Astoria, 15 miles from the 6ccan,
his men getting there just ahead of the
expedition sent out for the same purpose
by the British Northwestern Fur Trading
company. In 1813 his agent sold out to
this company on account of the war, and
the name Astoria was changed to Fort
George. Though the site was restored to
the United States after the war, the fur
company held the property till it sold out
to the Hudson Bay company in 1821. The
operations of these fur companies not only
afforded a basis for England's claim of
occupancy, but were held responsible for
the many Indian outrages that warned
oack immigrants to Oregon from the
England claimed the whole country, but
offered to compromise on the line of the
Columbia, giving us what is now the state
of Oregon as our only outlet to the Pa
cific. This we steadily refused, but in
1818 entered into a convention for the
joint occupancy of th,e whole country by
English and Americans, leaving the claims
of both nations for future settlement
without prejudice to either. This joint
occupation continued to be denounced by
our western statesmen till the cry "Fifty
four forty or fight," in 1844-5 brought us
to the verge of war with England—a war
which was averted mainly by our annexa
tion of Texas, which meant war with
Mexico; and not wishing to fight England
and Mexico both at once on territorial
questions, we compromised on the line
of the forty-ninth degree in 1846, and the
backdown from "fifty-four forty or fight"
had a great deal to do with the defeat
of the democrats by the election of Tay
lor over Cass in IS4B.
The late ex-mayor and ex-governor, R.
N. Bishop of Cincinnati, was running a
store in a Kentucky village in 1845, and
the writer remembers that the dry goods
advertisements of Bishop were all headed
"fifty-four forty or fight."
In 1819, the year after the joint occu
pancy convention with England, we were
so eager to obtain Florida from Spain
that we surrendered to her the whole of
Texas. This surrender was denounced
then and thereafter by Thomas H. Ben
ton as "a parricidal act." But the swap
did Spain no good. Mexico seceded from
Spain and gained her independence, with
Texas, settled by Americans, as one of
her states. The autonomy of the Mexican
states was abolished by the decree of a
usurping dictatorship, and Texas, there
upon seceding from Mexico, gained her
independence and annexed herself to the
A very few extracts from the messages
of President Polk, the speeches of Presi
dent Buchanan and Thomas H: Benton,
will show the claims upon which our gov
ernment has always stood with reference
to these boundary and title questions.
Tbe Gulf Boundary.
In a speech for the annexation of Texas
(U. S. senate, June 10, 1844), Senator Ben
ton is thus reported by himself in his
Texas and the country between the Red
river and the Arkansas had been dismem
bered from the United States in the year 1819,
and had since remained under foreign nomin
ion. He had denounced that parricidal act
in the moment of its perpetration and had
sought to undo it ever since.
From President Polk's anual message
Texas constituted a portion of the ancient
province of Louisiana ceded to the United
States by France in 1803. In the year 1819
the United States, by the Florida treaty,
ceded to Spain nil that part of Louisiana
within the present limits of Texas. * * •
Texas, as ceded to the United States by
France In 1803, had been always claimed as
extending west to the Rio Grands or Rio
Bravo. This fact is established by the au
thority of our most eminent statesmen at
a period when the question was as well, if not.
better, understood than it is at present. Dur
ing Mr. Jefferson's administration, Messrs.
Monroe and Pinckney, who had been sent out
on a special mission to Madrid, charged
among other things with the adjustment
of boundary between the two countries, in a
note addressing the Spanish minister of for
eign affairs, under date of the 28th of Janu
ary, 1805, assert that the boundaries of
Louisana, as coded to the United States by
France are the river Perido on the east, and
the river Bravo on the west; and they add
that the "facts and principles which justify
this coneKißlon are so satisfactory to our
government ns to convince it that the United
States have not a better right to the Island
of New Orleans, under the cession referred
to, than they have to the whole district of
territory which is above described." Down
to the conclusion of the Florida treaty in
February, 1819, by which this territory was
ceded, the United States asserted and main
tained their territorial rights to this extent.
Instances of such assertions are then
given in the message.
The Pacific Boundary.
The following is from Benton's abridge
ment of Senator Buchanan's speech on the
resolution to give notice of the abroga
tion of the Joint occupation clause of Oct.
20, 1818, between the United States and
Mexico has an undisputed claim and is in
undisputed possession of the country up to
latitude 42 degrees north. By a treaty be
tween Russia and the United States, and
afterwards between Russia and England, the
dominions of Russia were limited to 54 de
gress 40 minutes of north latitude, so that
the territory in dispute between the two
nations (England and the United States) em
braced the whole northwest coast of America
from 42 degrees to 54 degrees 40 minutes
north, extending east to the Rocky mountains.
Now to the whole of this territory—to every
foot of it from latitude 42 degrees north to
latitude 54 degrees 40 minutes north, he b?
lieved most firmly we had a clear and con
clusive title. Under the public law of Chris
tendom, which had existed since the estab
lishment of the continent of North America,
he thought it oould be demonstrated that
we had this clear and conclusive title. He
himself intended on a future occasion, when
the bill should come before the senat* for
establishing a territorial government if no
one else rose, to establish such a claim as
no power on earth could gainsay. * • ♦
From the time when Lewie and Clarke crossed
the mountains in I^os, until the present day,
we have been always agitating this question!
• * * We were in possession of this terri
tory before the war, but in a fatal moment
we agreed to this Joint occupation treaty in
1818. • • » The useful and honorable life
of the senator (Linn of Missouri), who had gat
so many years near him (Mr. Buphanan) was
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
spent for the last five years in asserting our
claims to this title.
Benton himself is thus quoted on the
same resolution in June 1844.
When Louisiana was purchased Mr. Jeffer
son recommendtd a free grant of land to the
first 30,000 emigrants to the west of the Mis-,
sissippi. Liberal principles were not suffl-'
ciently advanced then to sanction the grants
proposed by Mr. Jefferson. • • • Let the
emigrants go on and carry their rifles. We
want 30,000 rifles in the valley of the Oregon.
They will make all quiet there in the event
of a war with Great Britain for the dominion
of that country. * *" • Thirty thousand
■rifles on the Oregon will annihilate the Hud
son Bay company, drive them off our con
tinent, quiet their Indians and protect the
American interests In tbe remote regions of
the upper Missouri, the Platte, the Arkansas,
and all the vast region of the Rocky moun
tains. Besides the recovery of what was lost
cr jeoparded by our diplomacy in 1818, the
settlers in Oregon will also recover and open
for us the North American road to India.
Note the expressions "our continent,"
"the North American road to India." Also
President Polk's apology in his message
of December, 1845, for permitting boun
dary negotiations on a basis of com
promise at a time when he already had
the Mexican war bearing down on him:
Though entertaining the settled conviction
that the British pretensions of title could not
be maintained to any portion of the Oregon
territory upon any principle of public law
recognized by nations, yet in deference to
what had been done by my predecessors and
especially in consideration that propositions
of compromise had been made by two preceed
ing administrations to adjust the question on
the parellel of 49 degrees, and in two of them
yielding to Great Britain the free navigation
of the Columbia, and that the pending
negotiations had been commenced on the basis
of compromise, I deemed it to be my duty
not abruptly to break it off.
Representatives of the west In those
.days were always in arms against any
proposition militating against our title to
a Louisiana purchase which included not
only Louisiana and Texas, but everything
else between the Mississippi and the Rio
Grande and west to the Pacific ocean be
tween the forty-second parallel and Rus
sian America. The plains, the mountains
and the Pacific coast were lands of mys
tery, romance and promise to the youths
of the west. Every Missouri boy's dreams
were of future adventure in that region.
Their fathers looked upon it as ours be
cause we needed it for our children and
for the millions of emigrants coming
across the Atlantic —ours because we
alone could soon make it an empire of
civilization and production—ours by the
highest of titles, a title bearing the sign
manual of "Manifest Destiny."
Sleeplessness. You can't Bleep in the
stillest night, if your digestion is bad.
Take Hood's Sarsaparilla—it strengthens
the stomach and establishes that condi
tion in which sleep regularly comes and is
sweet and refreshing.
To get relief from indigestion, bilious
ness, constipation or torpid liver without
disturbing the stomach or purging the
bowels, take a few doses of Carter's Little
Liver Pills; they will please you.
Another Redaction In Round Trip
Rate to Kew York via Baltimore
& Ohio RaHroad.
Commencing September 15 and contin
uing until October 20, the Baltimore &
Ohio railroad will sell tickets from Chicago
to New York and return at $29 with limit
of twenty days. Good going via Wash
ington, Baltimore and Philadelphia and
returning via Buffalo, with stop-over priv
ilege in both directions. For information
call on or address R. C. Haase, N-W. T.
P. A., St. Paul, Minn., or B. N. Austin,
General Passenger Agent, Chicago, 111.
California Kidney and Bladder Cure.
Congdon'H Pitch Pipes
At Metropolitan Music Co., 41-43 6th st S.
"Boss" McLaughlln Insists Upon
Coler for Mayor.
New York, Sept. 27.—Hugh McLaugh
lin, the democratic leader in Brooklyn,
made a brief but vigorous attack to-day
upon the slate prepared by Richard
Croker for the democratic city convention.
His onslaught indicates war between the
two organizations unless the two leaders
agree upon a compromise, or unless one
of them yields to the other.
Mr. Croker is still for Lewis Nixon for
mayor, in spite of the smothered threats
of the gambling element of Tammany. Mr.
McLaughlin said that if Bird S. Coler's
name was not placed at the head of the
ticket, King's county would have no can
didate for second place.
This declaration sounded very much like
McLaughlin demanded the nomination
of Controller Coler for mayor. He de
clared that he would fight for Coler
until the end. If neither leader
yields to the other, and if no
compromise upon a third candidate is
effected, there will be a fight in the demo
cratic city convention.
McLaughlin now has the Brooklyn and
Queen organizations, with 2,400 delegates
solidly at his back. Tammany will have
370 delegates from Manhattan, the Bronx
and Richmond, but there is some doubt
whether they Mill go into the convention
as a unit.
Croker has found that a certain element
in Tammany Hall, known as "the gam
There is no 25 c. soap.
You may pay 10c. for the soap, and
15 c. for the name on it. But you can
get nothing better than Jap Rose.
And it costs but a dime a cake.
Ju. [trade mark]
This is Kirk's ideal — their utmost
attainment, after 62 years.
The most costly soap possible.
Transparent — perfumed — made of
vegetable oil and glycerin.
Yet ioc. is the price of it. 1
bling element," is strongly opposed to
Nixon because of his work as chairman of
the Tammany vice committee.
They Desire an American Bishop for
San Francisco, Sept. 27.—An important
question to be considered by the Episcopal
general convention which meets here next
week will relate to the position of the
church in Hawaii. A statement written
by a churchman from Honolulu says:
The people of Hawaii are strongly in favor
of their church being placed under the juris
diction of an American bishop and of the
American church being established there.
Although the church in Honolulu has selected
two men to' attend the general convention.
General Osborne and Clive Davies, they in
no sense come as deputies, but merely to
further the interests of their church as far
as possible in an unofficial way.
Frequent Train Service to Hutchln
son via "The Milwaukee."
Last spring "The Milwaukee" put on an
additional train between St. Paul and
Hutchinson. The service via that line to
Hutchinson is now very frequent and con
venient. The full schedule including the
new train is as follows: Leave St. Paul
8:20 a. m., 4 p. m. and 6:50 p. m.; leave
Minneapolis 9 a. m., 4:40 p. m. and 7:35
p. m. Leave Hutchinson, returning, 7:30
a m., 9:30 a. m. and 2:55 p. m.—all dally
except Sunday. Purchase tickets to
Hutchinson via "The Milwaukee."
«3.» SHOE UNIO
FOR MORffHAN A QUARTER OF A CENTURY
The reputation of^V. L. Douglas $3.50
shoes for style, comfort and wear has
excelled all other makes sold for $3.50.
This excellent reputation has been won by
merit alone. W. L. Douglas shoes have to
give better satisfaction than other #3.50
shoes because his reputation for the best
$3.50 shoes must be maintained. The
standard has always been placed so high
that the wearer receives more value for
his money in the W. L. Douglas 53.50 shoe*
than he can get elsewhere.
W. Douglas sells more $3.50 shoes than
any other two manufacturers in the world.
W. L. Douglas S3. shoes are made of
the same high grade leathers used in $5 and
§8 shoes and are just as good in every way.
Bays aliwonr W. L. "bougimm 92J00
Show; Youth' 51. 75. Box Cult,
Kangaroo Kid, Lewi* Pa font Leather.
Sola by 63 Douglas stores in American
cities selling direct from factory to wearer
at one profit; and shoe dealers everywhere.
Insist upon having W. 1.. Douglas shoes
frith name and price stamped on bottom.
How to Order by Mail.—lf W.L. Douglas shoe*
are not gold In your town, send order direct to factory.
shoes Beat Anywhere for 88.75. My custom depart
!;•■s•■.•':■. _ t»SS! ment will makeyou a pair that will
V '■'"■. j&Nr^»-riaiA equal $6 and $6 custom made shoes.
Ml'lM'''"--\ in style, fit and wear. Take meaa
?!S}^ tV4«\ nrementa of foot as shown lc
ESS* -^ "^^L model; suite style desired; size
fw A' * 'jPvSw. ant^ width usually worn:
|!^^^^6^J»:;?^v?W mwliom or fixit Slet
Vast Colot Tj oil Is >aF- 1 ■■"jrHftli^*<
and Hod Ho Ahvuyi Black Hooka ated.
■MINNEAPOLIS":; 405 WHOM FT AYE.
Long-Life Heels of Health.
They're the O'Sullivan rubber heels,
made of brand-new rubber, not out of
second-hand, old, castaway rubber
boots. O'Sullivan heels outwear all
Jg/gk^ NO CURE. NO PAY.
«jt^^sy% MEN.—Throw away your medicine.
tin I ' you have small, weak organs, lost .
H — gj power or weakening Vacuum
By •'V M Organ Developer will restore you. -
*" -a.\ INo drugs.: Stricture and Varicocel*
TS SjtoSHi permanently cured in Ito * weeks; ,
A ; •bCp^' 76.000 In u*e:' not one failure; not one /
m^ --/, returned; effect lmmedlaU; no C.O.D.
n^s^ fraud; write for free particulars, teat
*TiWrnWllr^lß sealed in plain envelope.
LOCAL APPUABCE CO. 204 Th»rp Ilk, Indliaipolli, In*. ', H
Household goods :a • specialty. Un
equaled facilities and lowest rates. '
. Packing by experienced men. V
BoytlTransfer & Fnel Co. f 46 So.ThlriSt
Telephone Mala «56— both exchanges.