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LUCIAN IWIFT, \ J. S. McLAIN,
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T H X JOURNAL, la published
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Porter Sees It
Mr. Robert P. Porter's decided modifica
tion of his extreme high tariff views is
noticeable, because he has been a recog
nized and able protagonist, and au un
compromising one. of the extreme position.
He has very voluminously contributed to
the literature of that kind in his editorial
career and as a writer for periodicals.
He Is one of the last men one would ex
pect to find advocating reciprocity, and
yet, as shown In The Journal's dis
patches yesterday, he has returned from
Europe with a very deep conviction that
the reported purpose of European govern
ments to adopt tariff legislation hostile
to the United States and detrimental to
our export trade, has a good foundation
In fact and that it will soon be seen to be
Imperative to negotiate reciprocity
treaties with those countries which are
disposed to meet the United States half
■way. President Roosevelt, to whom Mr.
Porter communicated his views, has ex
pressed close sympathy with the views of
McKlnley expressed in the last speech of
his life at Buffalo, and is wrestling with
the difficulties of the subject, which, of
course, are by no means few.
In the first place, a good many people
really think that the actualization of re
ciprocity treaties will immediately trans
form this country into a free trade pre
serve for the benefit of European manu
facturers. Their minds will have to be
delivered from this error, diligently
taught by the extreme protectionists and
taught by Porter himself for many years.
McKlnley himself admitted in his speech
that the reciprocity he advocated in
volved some additions to our importa
tions, but the system would also amplify
our own export trade in a surely compen
satory way. In no reciprocity treaty pro
posed is it intended to concede more
than one-fifth of the existing rates of
duty and in many cases the minimum
tariff would be a twentieth or a tenth
under existing rates, unless the article
competes with no American product. But,
•whatever may be the minimum rate there
are Individual interests which will deem
the change hurtful to themselves.
Tius is where the friction comes in,
but it is possible to proceed to reciprocity
on the strength of its value as a profitable
trade policy, of which practical American
business men can certainly be convinced.
In 1903 the trade treaties of most of the
European nations will expire and new
treaties will be negotiated granting
special trade benefits to nations which re
ceprocate, and It would be a good time for
our manufacturers and business men to
reap such advantages. In making recipro
city treaties they should be made to give
a fair return for the concessions granted
to our own markets; that is, if we want
to have continuously good foreign trade,
•we shall have to give the country with
•which we make a treaty a fair show in our
markets. The extremist says: "We shall
have none of this business." Yet he is
confronted by the inevitable alternative of
submitting to a heavy reduction of our
export trade, in manufactures especially,
through hostile foreign tariffs.
It will be remembered that the ex
cutlve committee of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers decided, after the
annual meeting of the association at De-
troit last summer, where strong recipro-
city sentiment was expressed, to call a
convention at some future time to dis
cuss reciprocity and secure a full expres
sion of public sentiment on the subject.
• The convention ought to be held in
Washington after congress meets in De
cember, or later, say some time in Janu
ary, and it would no doubt demonstrate
that there is a demand for reciprocity, not
•from free traders, but from progressive
American manufacturers and business
men who want to keep up with the com
mercial progress of the world.
While M. D. Purdy, who was the late
R. G. Evans' first assistant as United
States district attorney, had not the polit
ical service claim to the office made va
c^it by the death of his chief that some
#ther candidates had, he did have a good
claim based upon efficient official service
and the Idea of the recognition of such
service through promotion. As it is un
derstood that the appointment of Mr.
Purdy to fill out the remainder of Mr.
Evans" term does not necessarily mean
that he will bo appointed for the next
term, his appointment is a compromise
that will probably be satisfactory to moat
people interested *in the contest. But
the fact that a Minneapolis man is to fill
out the unexpired portion of the Evans
term must not be permitted to operate to
the exclusion of a Minneapolitan from the
When Freedom Becomes License
The question has been asked over and
over again since the assassination of
President McKinley raised the question of
making the preaching of anarchy as well
as a violent attempt to consummate It a
What is the difference between freedom
and license of speech In this respect?
This question is well answered by Judge
Tuthill of Chicago when he says, in sub
stance, that while every man has a con
stitutional right to express, freely and
fully, his views on every public question,
he has. no right to urge murder and in
cendiarism as a means of advancing any
For example: Any man has a perfect
right to state that he believes that no
government is better than any govern
ment and to defend that thesis by argu
ment. Any man has a right to contend
that it would be better if there were a
monarchy in this country instead of a re
public. Any man has a right to say that
he considers an official, say the president,
a failure and incompetent, or worse, if he
thinks he can make good his statements.
But if the first urge that officials or oth
ers be murdered to make room for an
archy, if the second urge that republican
officials should be assassinated that the
way may be paved for monarchy or if the
third urge that the president be killed be
cause he believes him to be a bad official,
the boundary between freedom and license
of speech has beeu passed. Murder Is
murder, whether urged for political or pri
vate reasons, and the man who incites to
murder in either specific or general terms
should be severely punished. The en
actment of this idea into a concise law
that could not easily be evaded would
dispose of violent anarchists without run
ning the risk of increasing their number
by what might be construed into political
Such a law would restrict opportunities
for violent anarchists to preach their
theories of assassination to the native
addled-minded or those immigrants who,
having come from countries where op
pressive government and tyrannical rulers
are responsible for much human misery,
listen sympathetically to the advocacy of
the violent destruction of government and
the assassination of any or all rulers.
Judge Tuthill makes a suggestion, also,
which he thinks be acted upon in
conjunction with the punishment of anar
chists: That along with a test of the
immigrant's competence to become a good
American citizen there should go some
plain instruction as to the radical differ
ence between the attitude of government
in this country and in that whence he
comes. He should be denied admission if
an anarchist, warned against becoming
such, and instructed in Americanism.
There can be no difference of opinion as
to the need of a cable to the Philippines.
One should be laid at once. The govern
ment doesn't seem to be likely to build it
and a private company wants to build it.
As this company agrees to surrender the
line to the government in case of war or
emergency, to give government business
the right of way at all times and reduce
general rates 50 or 60 per cent it looks as
if the offer ought to be accepted—the more
especially as there is no subsidy grab in
It is up to the Turkish government to
rescue Miss Stone from the brigands or
pay her ransom. It is to be presumed
that our state department has impressed
upon the Turkish government its responsi
bility in the matter.
Clubhouses for Soldiers
Lieutenant-Colonel William Qulnton,
commandant at Fort Snelling, makes a
valuable contribution to the discussion of
the military canteen question when he
points out that the canteen was "much
more than a drinking resort. It was the
men's club, the center of their social life,
where they enjoyed the privileges that
American citizens are entitled to and
enjoyed them under wholesome Influ
Putting aside the aspect of the canteen
as a place where intoxicating drink can
be obtained, it will be admitted on all
sides that a serious mistake was made
in not replacing It with something that
so far as possible exercised for the sol
dier the attractions the canteen had. The
canteen was a club as well as a drinking
place. But why if the latter feature must
be abolished cannot the club be kept up?
Colonel Quinton is thoroughly justified in
his conclusion that a clubhouse for the
soldiers is needed at Fort Snelling, and,
indeed, at every other post where troops
The colonel also throws much light on
the canteen question when he points out
the difference between the American reg
ular army soldier and the professional
soldiers of Europe. The former is simply
an American citizen who for a time serves
the government as a soldier. He expects
to, and generally does, return to civil
life, after a short service. He does not
feel that in entering the army he has
given up all the privileges of a citizen,
and it is impossible for his officers to as
sume that he has. He never becomes a
mere military machine; he never forgets
that he Is a human being and an Ameri
can citizen. This sort of man Is likely to
do pretty much what he pleases when he
gets off the military reservation and is
apt to plunge into excess in reaction
from Bevere repression. Manifestly, the
management of the army should be such
that the citizen-eoldier can find moderate
satisfaction for his social and human in
clinations under conditions which do not
lead to excess and crime.
The Journal believes that this end
is best achieved by a well-conducted can
teen, but if the canteen is not to be re
stored let a substitute be speedily offered.
In some of the discussion —newspaper
and otherwise —of the result of the la
bors of the board of tax levy there is a
manifest confusion of county and city
valuations and levies. The city valuation
last year was $100,000,000 in round num
bers, and that of the county outside the
city something over $10,000,000, making
the total about $110,000,000. But the city
tax levy rate must be considered only In
conjunction with the city valuation. For
example, the rate of 29.60, just decided
upon, applies only to city valuation of
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
$103,000,000. It has nothing whatever to
do with $10,000,000 and more of property
in the county without the city limits,
which is levied upon at rates varying with
the town or village, and generally much
lower than the city levy.
Nebraska may not beat the Minnesota
eleven on Oct. 12, but the cornhuskers
would hardly touch ground if they fully
understood how they have scared the
We know some people who are glad
there was "no" yacht race yesterday.
An Unfriendly Tone
The testimony so far adduced before the
Schley court of inquiry authoritatively
demonstrates what has long been asserted
—that many naval officers are, and have
been, inimical to Schley. It is not yet
possible to believe that a number of
American naval officers have entered into a
conspiracy to Injure Admiral Schley, but
It is certain that he was and is, to put it
mildly, disliked by many of his associates.
This feeling doubtless bore some bad
fruit during the time that Schley was in
command of the flying squadron, in a lack
of hearty co-operation with the comman
der, as perhaps, in the failure to acquaint
him with the signals to be used at Cien
fuegos, just as it now results in a reluc
tance to give any testimony that may be
construed as favorable to Schley. Yes
terday, for example, Admiral Evans made
a fine distinction between being "wor
ried" over coaling at sea and being "anx
ious" about it, he inferring from the ques
tion put to him that the word "worried"
would be more satisfactory to Admiral
Schley's counsel than the word "anxious."
The engineer was hoist by his own
petard, but it begins to look as if Heis
tand might be hung by his own hemp, and
some others more or -less choked by the
Kitchener's Flying Columns
Lord Kitchener has recently issued an
order to his officers that sugegsts such
B state of affairs in the British army and
such a lack of adaptability to circum
stances as to raise a question as to
whether the British can ever beat the 1
Boers at the guerrilla game. The order is i
Tbe Commander-in-chief Id South Africa
desires to impress upon officers in command
of mobile columns that the object of sui.-h
commands is mcbility. He has learned
that such forces have carried about with
them furniture, kitchen ranges, pianos and
harmoniums, which nullify that object. He
orders that these articles must be handed
over at the nearest stores.
The Boer-British war was not a month
old before the British officers were openly
admitting that the great lesson they had to
learn from the Boers was that of mobility.
In its first stages the war was largely one
of foot soldiers against horsemen, who
could become foot soldiers whenever re
quired. Then began a rapid increase in
the number of the British mounted troops.
But if, after two years of daily lessons In
mobility, the alleged mobile columns are,
as Kitchener says, still toting about
"kitchen ranges, pianos and harmoniums"
it becomes pertinent to ask whether these
supposedly mobile columns can ever be
To the American officer who, in the hot
chase of a foe, cuts himself down to the
same ration and equipment allowance that
is granted to the private soldier, and act
ually carries the baggage himself, in
many instances, such an order as that
quoted "is to laugh" long and loud.
The spectacle of a "flying column" car
rying pianos, kitchen ranges and harmo
niums on ox wagons "rapidly pursuing"
Boers mounted on swtft and hardy horses
is enough for anybody and everybody to
Vice President Goodrich of the Twin
City Rapid Transit company, says that he
found little about the urban transit sys
tems of Europe that was instructive. How
about their aldermen?
Strong Support for McLaurin
That Senator 'McLaurin of South Caro
lina is not without 'sympathizers, and
strong one 3, too, in other southern states
1b shown by the vigorous exposition of
his views on current political problems
which Thomas C. Crenshaw, chairman of
the Board of Railroad Commissioners of
Georgia, has given out. Mr. Crenshaw
insists that he is still a democrat, juat
as Senator McLaurln does, but he public
ly indorses almost every republican policy
from the protective tariff to the acquisi
tion of the Philippines.
Mr. Crenshaw says that he is opposed
to disturbing the amendments to the ted-
eral constitution adopted since the civil
war and would disfranchise no man on
account of the color of his skin; he is in
favor of holding all the territory gained
by the Spanish war and any more we can
honestly get, either by purchase or con
quest; he favors judicious ship subs-ldy, a
strong army and navy, a non-partizan
commission to study the problem of In
creasing American trade in the Orient,
and sound money and business In politics
Instead of sentiment.
When such men as Mr. Crenshaw, a
democrat elected to an important office
by democratic votes, take such a position
it needs no prophet to predict a hopeless
division in southern democratic ranks .'n
the near future unless the democratic
party is radically reorganized and re
formed. Such a man as Mr. Crensha/w will
probably never again vote for a Kansas
City platform or any presidential candi
date who is willing to stand on such a
platform. He admits that he voted for
Bryan the last time, but he did it out of a
feeling of obligation to the party inasmuch
as he was an officeholder by virtue of its
support. But he adds that if he had had
any reason to believe that his vote would
effect the result one way or another he
would have voted for McKinley.
Where there is one Crenshaw or Mc-
Laurln who will freely and frankly speak
his position there are likely to be tens
and hundreds who have been weakened in
their old political affiliations by the same
causes—disgust with Bryanistic democra
cy, thw tendency to view politics from the
business instead of the sentimental stand
point, and th* effacement of sectional
_ , tnu Sixteen students at the
Lo-eas. Who Northwestern universicy at
Coo Too Evanston. (111., were re
■*• c quested by the faculty of
jnu.cn that insUtution not to re _
turn this fall. It was not that their intel
lectual qualities were below the average or
that their morale were bad. Although the
faculty did not put It In that delicate way,
the fact was that thee« particular students—
the Northwestern is coeducational, you know
—spent too much time walking on Goo-Uoo
avenue, tasting the Languishing Glance.
Why Miss Stone Is
In Grave Danger
George Horton in Chicago American.
If this .Miss Helen Stone, the woman who
has been captured by brigands, le the eaiue
Miss Stone whom I met several years ago
in Athens, whither she had come on a visit
with her mother, the brigand chief would be
apt io prefer matrimony to money, for all
accounts agree that she has been given choice
of three expedients—freedom on payment of a
ransom, matrimony or death.
This Miss Stone that I remember was a
very charming woman, one to whom the
king of the mountains might well loae his
heart. It may seem somewhat inconcruous
to speak of a heart in connection with rough
men who would carry a woman off captive;
yet these same knights of the forest are a
romantic lot, who are as apt to risk their
lives for a pretty maiden as for loot.
I went up into their country just before
the war between Greece and Turkey to get
material for my story, "A Fair Brigand." 1
have a very vivid recollection of the scenery,
and I talked with many of the. villagers in
several email mountain towns.
As far as brigandage is concerned, Turkish,
Greek or Bulgarian territory presents the
same characteristics and the same difficulties
of capture. Highm ountains, deep gorges,
Inaccessible retreats, pine forests.
The brigands are, for the moat part, on
friendly terms with most of the villagers,
whom they do not rob, but among whom they
spend the money taken from rich strangers.
Most of the brigands, belong to the Greek
church, of which they are devout members.
They give freely to some little village church,
at which they worship, and to whose patron
saint they pray for assistance in their haz
Robbing a person who is not "orthodox"
is not thought to be wicked; if a portion of
the money so taken be given to the true
church the deed becomes actually pious.
They, therefore, are not looked upon as ter
rible outlaws by the simple shepherds and
villagers who know them. On the other hand,
they are generally thought of as heroes and
Whether the chief of the brigands be Bul
garian, Greek, Macedonian or Albanian, he is
almost sure to be a handsome devil, tall,
graceful, athletic. He is probably blonde,
with blue eyes, red cheeks and a long, droop
ing mustache. He wears an embroidered
vest, a leather belt of several layers, between
which are stuck pistols and a knife, with
inlaid handle; and he carries a short Gras
rifle. All the brigands now carry short ri-
While this is all right in its place, it can j
be carried to an extent that interferes with
the higher education. That the faculty
showed good sense in picking at least one of
its victims is proved by the reply of one of
the young ladies who had been requested to
remain at home. She wrote:
What is the use of studying botany if I am
not permitted to gather flowers? Why should
1 devote myself to astronomy if I am not al- 1
lowed to look at the stars? What is the use
of giving all my time to figures and neglect
ing my own figure?
There is a brand of co-ed who does little
else than wear out the sidewalks in Goo-Goo
lane and coo whenever she sees a man in the
distance. The cold, repellant faculty know
this girl almost by instinct, and they don't
want her. Harsh, unnatural faculty]
If Miss Goldman decides to deliver her
antilaw and order talk again, the police are
likely to look the other way when a large
and Intelligent audience arises and throws
the dead kitties and curios dropped by the
hens of 1898.
A little Chicago girl swallowed a toy bal
loon. This uew article of food ought to
prove especially popular on the menu card
of th« congressional restaurant.
"Bride" writes a local paper to find out
ho*" to prepare "frozen apricots." Dear
Bridie, hold apricots till January, then leave
them out over night.
Correspondents who expected to see Presi
dent Rocsevelt put fats hands on the back
of the pew and vault into his seat Sunday
Some of the state :wspapers are careful
to explain that because they are running
"jag cure" ads, they are not taking out their
pay in trade.
I* it were a drifting match on the streets,
there are a lot of men who could never get
by the saloon doors, owing to the suction.
There is a general tendency among corre
spondents to eijvate Mr. Root Into a branch,
when Mr. Hay "leaves." Do you Twig?
The new doctor easily knows the difference
between "go'.fing spine" and "backache." It
is about $20.
It looks as though Uncle Sam, in a mo
meat of abeentmindedness, had spiked that
The present production of "Francesca Da
Rimini" by Otis Skinner at the Metropolitan
is entitled to the excellent patronage extend
ed it. The play will run through the re
mainder of the week, with Saturday matinee.
William Collier Is to come to the Metro
politan for an engagement of one week, open
ing next Sunday evening. During the pres
ent year Mr. Collier will be quite alone in
the field of high class comedy, for Nat Good
win yill remain in Europe and Sol Smith
Russell is not to act. Mr. Collier's success
has been rapid. It isn't so many years since
he was' one of the members of the Augustin
Daly company. He is to present during his
entire engagement Augustus Thomas' clever
comedy, "On the Quiet."
"Across the Pacific," Charles E. Blaney's
successful comedy-drama, which met with
distinct favor on the occasion of its presenta
tion here last season, Is announced for an
other visit to the Bijou. Harry Clay Blaney,
the popular comedian, will be seen again in
the role created by him, as Willie Live, a
war correspondent. Scenically Mr. Blaney's
productions have always been most complete,
and this is no exception to the rule. The
mountain mining country, the Chinese sec
tion of San Francisco, the deck scene in Sao?
Francisco, with the big United States army
transport ready for departure, the scenes in
the Philippines and the fight at Block House
'No. 7, are all faithfully depicted.
DR. HARPER'S TROUBLES
President Harper of the. University of Chi
cago is receiving many letters from prospec
tive students who seem to imagine that he
is the whole clerical force of the Midway
school, but it remained for a young woman
of Pecatonica, 111., to seize on him as her
escort from the depot when she reaches the
city. The girl is ingenuous even to the ad
mission that she is good looking. Hero is
her letter, minus the signature:
Dear Dr. Harper: I know you will be
pleased to learn that I have decided to at
tend the university school of education this
Jail. lam going to Chicago next Saturday,
on the morning train, and, as I have never
been in the city before, I would be glad if
you would meet me at the depot.
I am 6 feet 4 inches tall, have light hair
and eyes and a pleasing appearance. I snail
wear a dark brown traveling skirt and a
blue waist with white yoke. I think I shall
know you from your pictures, but, for fear
1 make a mistake, will please wear your card
In your hat?
It was said at the university that some one
—not President Harper—would be sent to the
A Hint for Hackett.
Winona Republican and Herald.
It is said that Secretary Long is more than
likely to be the ftret member of the present
cabinet to sever his relations with the new
Institution. Secretary Long should not let go
until his assistant, Mr. Hackett, is safely dis
posed of. In the Howlson affair, Mr. Hackett
evidenced his unfltness for the position he
holds, and the promptness with which Admi
rals Dewey and Benham excused Admiral
Howison from service on the Schley court of
Inquiry should have been enough of a hint
even for Mr. Harkett. But some people al
ways do watt until the house fails oa them.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 2, 1901.
fles, that they may slip them under their
cloaks when crossing frontiers.
Miss Stone'a brigand probably wears a col
ored handkerchief tied about his head and a
thick capote, which he slings picturesquely
over one shoulder. He ie the soul of polite
ness, looking after her every little want with
the greatest delicacy, and perhaps beating
with sudden and savage ferocity any who
show her the slightest disrespect.
Now, were one of our talented llbretista
handling this theme and giving way to his
Imagination, he might have a pretty denoue
ment, in which the fair missionary falls in
love with the brigand and wins him away to
long trousers and civilization. Is this not
something like the plot of "Ingomar," that
And, indeed, there is a deserted palace near
Athena that was inhabited for some time by
a noblewoman of a foreign race, who fell in
love with a brigand chief and married him.
Her name escapes me at the present moment.
If the ransoine should not be forthcoming,
and Miss Stone should refuse to marry the
brigand, would he order her killed?
She would be in Imminent and terrible dan
ger. He would argue that she was making
her own choice and that he was released
from all responsibility. Moreover, the bri
gands argue that if they do not carry out
their threats they will lose prestige, and that
henceforth no one will send the ransom de
Not so many years ago several Englishmen
—among them a secretary of legation—were
killed by brigands near Marathon. A ran
som had been demanded and the usual threat
made that pursuit by the authorities would
endanger the lives of the captives. Troops
were sent after the brigands and they were
surrouuded, with the terible result that the
Englishmen were butchered.
The brigands in this case had been most
attentive and polite. Those of them who
were captured by the soldiers affirmed that
they had formed quite an affection for their
captives, which rendered the butchery quite
a painful ordeal—for the brigands.
England was convulsed with horror by this
happening, Just as America will be convulsed
with horror if Miss Stone be "executed." The
British government and people regretted, and
still regret, that they did not send the ran
I see that the American board of missions
has refused to eend the money—sllo,ooo—de
OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS
Proposal for a National McKinley
To the Editor of The Journal:
It is stated that a movement has been or
ganized having for its object the erection of
a national monument to the memory of Pres
ident McKinley at Canton, Ohio, long hte
home town and the place of his sepulture.
1 beg to suggest a plan by which ample
funds for such a memorial could be raised,
and to which every person in the republic
should be asked to contribute. The sum to j
be given by each should be absolutely fixed— \
the millionaire allowed to give no more and
newsboy on the street no less, so that this
memorial would be the offering of the whole
people, in which all should have an abso
lutely equal part.
Let the sum to be given by each be 10
There are over 70,000,000 men, women and
children in this country, and I think that
this equal contribution could be secured from
50,000,000, which would give a fund of $5,000.
--000. Or, if 10 cents should be thought to be
more than sufficient, or if it should be
thought to prove burdensome for large fami
lies of the very poorest classes, the sum
might be fixed at 5 cents, which, on the ba
ste of securing a response from five-sevenths
of the population, would give a fund of
$2,500,000. The sum to be fixed by the ma
jority opinion of the state executives, but 10
be the same in all the states.
Now for the method of collecting the fund:
Let this general contribution be taken up
in every city, town, village and hamlet
throughout the country on the next birthday
of President McKinley, in a manner to be
In order to give authority to the plan and
confidence to the people that it will be car
ried out, lee the state executives indorsee the
plan and formulate a method for its execu
tion in their several states.
Let the state executives, or, by their re
quest, the president and cabinet, appoint a
non-political commission of suitable number,
to serve without compensation, who shall re
ceive the contributions from the several
states, decide upon the character and provide
for the erection of the memorial.
It will be- easy to formulate a plan for
making thes« collections whereby they can
be completed in a single day. Mayors of
cities, selectmen of towns, presidente of vil
lage corporations may be charged with see
ing the contributions collected In their re
spective municipalities, forwarding them to
the county authorities, these to the state
executives and the latter sending each state's
contribution to the central commission.
The success of this plan would depend upon
its universality and spontaneity—upon the
idea that it is to represent the whole people
on a basis of absolute equality—that every
child, every mother, every workman, every
citizen, may feel that he or she has an equal
part in a noble monument which shall stand,
aot alone as a memorial of our late beloved
chief executive, but as a testimonial of the
patriotism of the American people, of their
support of law, order and Just government,
and of their condemnation of anarchy and
And, flanlly, I am sure that if William
McKinley can look back upon the scene of
his earthly labors and upon what is being
said and done in his honor, that no testimo
nial could be more grateful to him than one
in which children as well as parents, hand
workers as well aa brain-workers, the hum
blest citizens as well as the highest states
men, had an equal, affectionate and patriotic
part. —Z. Pope Vose.
824 Nicollet avenue.
OUT OP THE CROWD
Out of the rolling ocean, the crowd, came a
drop gently to me.
Whispering, I love you; before long I die,
I have travel'd a long way merely to look on
you, to touch you,
For I could not die till I once looked on you,
For I fear'd I might afterward lose you.
Now we have met, wo have look'd, we are
Return In peace to the ocean, my love,
I, too, am part of that ocean, my love; we
are not so much separated.
Behold the great rondure, the cohesion of all,
But as for me, for you, the irresistible sea
is to separate us,
As for an hour carrying us diverse/ yet can
not carry us diverse forever.
Be not Impatient—a little space—know you I
salute the air, the ocean and the land
Every day at sundown for your dear sake,
my love! —Walt Whitman.
SWEETNESS OF CHARACTER
The character of William McKinler wafl
the embodiment of sweetness; in all the years
of my personal contact with him in the halls
of congrees, never once was his temper ruf
fled. He was master of himself, and therefore
fit to be master of others.
Never once, even in the midst of the excite
ment of debate, was he betrayed into the uee
of invective or personal sarcasm. Of all the
men who have been in the house of represent
atives during my experience there, none was
ever so much beloved by his associates, and
by his political opponents as well. He never
allowed the truth to be misrepresented by
A Fair Qnontion.
If we can imprison or put under bonds John
Doe for threatening to whip Robert Roe can
we not devise measures for handling those
whose chief mission is to educate their fel
lows that all government is tyranny and that
to aid In overthrowing it is to become a hero;
that to murder one the people have chosen
as a ruler Is to become a martyr? The gov
ernment that cannot protect itself against
such people Is a failure. But the people of
the United Statt» can do It and will. Anarchy
) \ I^rBJINH ]» . BLVI •
in, 1,,, i - - ■ -^
Copyright, 1901, by Frank D. Blue.
"All the men went out at East Corinth this
morning; not a train out," waa the laconic
telegram handed to the superintendent when
he reached his office. With him action was
first, reflection afterwards, and he shouted.
"Here, you boy! go hunt up Caddigan! Get
him here! Hustle."
In an incredibly short time Caddigan
showed up, hat on one side of his bead, hands
in his pockets, coolly whistling the latest
popular air, a striking contrast to the bust
ling activity of his superior officer.
"Say, Caddigan, do you know there's a
strike at East Corinth?"
"Yep, heard so," was the brief response.
"Well, what In blazes are you doing here
anyway? Why ain't you down there? Get
down on first train; it leaves in ten minutes,
and see that you get trains out. Do you
Underneath the apparent indifference of
Caddigan lay quiet, calm and cool action, and
long before he had made all plans to go to
East Corinth. It would never do to say so,
however, to the superintendent, who had a
failing for always wishing to be the first to
"All right, I'll go. Any further orders?"
"Yes; you fire every son-of-a-gun that
won't go back to work at once. Do you
And Caddigan did understand. He under
stood the superintendent better than the lat
ter understood himself, and well enough to
take his instructions with a grain of allow
"Don't compromise the company in any
way, and send an immediate report of things
when you gat there," were his final instruc
East Corinth was 300 miles away, and it
was late in the evening when the superin
tendent received the following telegram:
"All men out; 'Hed Jack' Podeck is run
ning strike; swears not a train shall leave
here: all sympathize with yard men; things
Caddigan was very popular among the men.
He had risen from among them, having him
self twisted brakes and shoveled coal, and
reaching his present position, train master,
by sheer force of character, combined with
harS and willing work.
Tne strike ran along without Incident for
several days. Each attempt to get a train
out resulted in failure; the men were watch
ful and headed off each move towards getting
yard work done. It would seem no hard
matter to get trains out once in a while, as
the engineers, firemen, conductors and
brakemen were not engaged ,in the strike,
but sympathy ran rampant and failure was
recorded each time.
One evening the superintendent received a
section of a telegram reading:
"I will get a train out to-morrow " ap
parently from Caddigan, but the operator
said the wire was down and he could not
get the rest, and direct communication
All trains had to pass the telegraph tower,
where th^ interlocking switches were, a
point closely guarded by the strikers, pickets
being constantly on guard. Caddigan knew
| this point held the key to the situation, and
Ihe directed his attention to it. He tried to
get authority from headquarters, but the
telegraph operators, though not on strike
and apparently playing fair, managed to
favor the strikers. It is a comparatively
easy matter to have the wires "down."
Nothing daunted by this, Caddigan resolved
to "stand the lay-out" and "go It alone."
To get dependable men not in sympathy
with the strikers was not an easy matter,
yet It was accomplished in time. Taking
these men aside, he told them to go down
into t^e yard at noon, a time when few
strikers were around, and disconnect all
the brake chains on a train of cars that had
been ready to go east since the strike began.
He then went to the tower. Mort Collum,
one of the best-known operators of the mid
dle west, was in charge.
"Mort," Caddigan said, "I want you to
give a clear track for an out-bound freight
at 1 o'clock."
"All right, sir," he said. '-But don't you
think you had better wait till wings grow
on your box cars? You'll never get a car by
"It won't cost much to try," Caddigan
Daily New York Letter
Bisaert Going to Jail.
Oct. 2.—George Bissert, Captain Diamond's
former wardman, will have to go to state
prison for accepting a bribe from Lena
Schmidt to allow her to run a disorderly
hcueo at 27 Stuyvesant street. District At
torney Philbin received a letter to-day from
Supreme Court Justice Hooker of Fredonia
saying that he had decided to deny Blssert's
motion for a stay of execution of Recorder
Goff's sentence of five years and six months
Imprisonment and $1,000 «lne, and also not to
grant a certificate of reasonable doubt.
Rogers Was Worth $5,500,000.
The official appraisement of the estate of
Jacob S. Rogers, the locomotive builder of
Paterson, who left his millions to the Metro
politan Museum of Art, has been filed at the
surrogate' 3 office In Paterson. It shows that
he was •worth a little more than $5,500,000.
Au interesting thing is the smallness of the
amount of jewelry he possessed. Double
taxes will have to be paid on all the personal
property. The state of New Jersey will ex
act 5 per cent on the whole of this valuation.
In addition, about $500,000 must be paid un
der the state laws providing that no stock
may be transferred from the name of a dead
person on the stock book of a corporation
unless a tax is paid upon it.
Surface Roads Welcome Subway.
One of the officers of the surface lines said
Saturday, Breaking of the effect the subway
would have on the surface lines, that he Is
glad the subway is being built. "We have
too many long haul passengers," he said.
"It would pay us to station a man at One-
Hundred-and-Twenty-fifth street with a bag
of nickels and pay people for riding down
town In the subway. The number of short
haul passengers we would get on the way
down would repay us that nickel."
Padereivaki Coming This Winter.
Announcement is made that Paderewskl
■will likely come over to superintend the pro-
Grudey Stone—You shouldn't pick your teeth before gentlemen.
Mr. Blzi Saw—l never do.
laughingly replied, "and at the worst, it can
only bo another failure."
CaddLgan then went to the engine-house
and had old 142 fired up. She was in charge
ot Andy Devine.
"I want you to be right on time, Andy,"
said Caddigan. "Back right down into the
yard, couple on to that train of care and
start for Europe, straight across the pond
Pay no attention to any stop signals until
you are at least ten miles out."
"I'll do It, sir; but suppose I lose my
"do on, Andy," Caddigan called back;
"you'll have your cars all right. Trust m«
The engine went to the yard without
trouble, and no effort was made to prevent
coupling on to the cars. When the train
reached the tower many stop signals were
given, but, obedient to orders, Andy paid no
attention to them. Instead, every effort was
made to get up speed before passing the
tower, where the strikers were thickest. As
the train passed, many strikers, accustomed
to jumping upon moving trains, easily
climbed upon the cars.
Andy watched them curiously, and re
marked to hie fireman:
"Just watch them fellows stop us. There's
enough of 'em tp set every brake in two
Caddigan never told a man more than was
necessary to carry out a plan of action. That
was the reason he usually came out with fly
ing colors. By the time the striker* found
the brakes were useless and began to real
ize how they had been fooled, the train wae
running fully thirty miles an hour and still
gaining speed. A few of the more daring
jumped off, but the results witnessed by
those who remained on the rapidly moving
train discouraged emulation. A hasty meet
ing was called on the top of the cars.
"Podeek," as usual, led the men, and, turn
ing to his ever faithful partner, Pete, he
"Pete, let's run ahead and take the engine."
" 'Taint »afe, Red," he said. "Didn't you
ccc them fellers watching us? There's about
five on the engine."
Podeek saw the point and hedged.
"Well, boys, I guess we're in for it. What'll
we do now?"
McCollum spoke up. "Let's sue for peace:
A rush was made for the caboose, where
Caddigan calmly watched them. It was a
hard dose to swallow, but no compromise
was now possible.
"Caddigan, you've got u«," was Red's brief
introduction. "We want to go back."
"O, you do, do you? Aren't you having
a nice ride? It's cheap, too. You are not
kicking on the fare, are you?" was. Caddi
Not a word was said until McCollum, in
his squeaky voice, wailed: "Och, be aisy on
us au' let us off."
"Well, 1 guww not," said Caddigan. "This
is a through train; the first stop is fifty miles
out; the fare back is only three cents a mile,
and that will give you a very cheap one
They all began to plead for mercy at once,
and Caddigan relented when MeCollum win
ningly exclaimed: "Bedad! We're fifteen
miles out now, and I want to get home to
supper. I'm hungry this minute!"
Well, seeing it's you, I'll let you off," said
Caddigan. "But, remember, you owe me
fare; you forgot to pay It."
A stop signal slowed up the train, and the
men dejectedly dropped off alongside the
track, a sadder and wiser party. It was au
extremely hot day; they were over fifteen
miles from East Corinth; and a wide stretch
ot bottom land lay between them and home.
The road was coal slack ballast and attracted
the heat. As old Sol was doing & little strik
ing on his own account, it seemed as €very
thing in range would melt. What was aaid
upon that long, hot, tiresome walk, -with nut
even a shade tree to rest under, would hardly
do for sensitive souls to hear. Yet, under
the circumstances, the recording angel pos
sibly stopped his ears and forgot to chalk up
a full run.
Next morning the superintendent found the
following telegram on his desk:
"All trains out on time to-day. Will be
back on No. 20. —Cad&lgan."
duetlon of his opera, "Manru." at the Metro
politan opera-house. A letter received from
his European manager a few weeks ago in
dicated that he was not likely to come, aa
he had arranged concert tours for Italy and
Spain. These, according to the- dispatch, ho
has now abandoned. When Mr. Grau ar
ranged with Paderewski for the production
of the opera the composer insisted on the en
gagement of the Polish tenor, Bandrowski.
for the leading part, as he f regarded his per
formance of it as ideal. Bandrowski was ac
cordingly engaged, and, beiiig under contract
to Mr. Grau for the season, he will sing oth
er parts besides that in "Manru."
Iron In Marble '■rounds Current.
At the handsome estate of W. K. Vander
bilt, "Idle Hour." at Oakdale, L. 1., It was
found that the electric lighting waa defective
at fcome point. Thorough inspection of the
machinery failed to reveal the source of
trouble. It waa, however, found In the Im
mense marble slab in the switchboard. A
\-»>ln of iron In the marble was sufficiently
developed to allow the current to ground.
The new switchboard being put In will re
quire the time of six men for one month.
Heiress Died a Pauper.
Mrs. Mary Minich for eight years lived in
the poorhouse at Wilikesbarre, Pa., although
at the time she was heir to 140,000 left her
by Rudolph Bach of Brooklyn. The admin
istrators of the estate tried for years to find
her, and when at last they traced her to the
almshouse they learned that she died a. d*u
per'B death a year ago.
Entertained His Burglar.
Charles Samuels of Syracuse wu awak
ened by the falling of dishes and saw a man
in rhe dining-room. He called to the man to
throw up his hands, asked him to hAve a
seal, and lit his pipe. He gave the burglar
a cigar and they discussed the matter. The
burglar broke down and begged to be al
lowed to go. He offered to pay for the crock
ery, and this was accepted.