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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, October 04, 1901, Image 1

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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNifET
PEICE TWO CENTS.
'TWAS NIP AND TUCK IN TO-DAYS R.ACE OF THE SPEEDY FLYERS
REFORM IN
THE SOUTH
President Roosevelt Bound to
Bring It About.
ABUSES MUST CEASE
Professional Politicians Will Find
Their Occupation Gone.
PRESIDENT UNSELFISH IN THIS
H« Will Go Ahead Kntlrely Withon
lletturd f U r HU Own Po
lltical Fortunes.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Oct. 4.—Walter Wellman, in a
special to the Record-Herald frc-m Wash
ington, says that President Roosevelt
means business with his plan to secure
political reform In the southern states. He
is going ahead making appointments to
federal offices in that region on the prin
ciple of getting the best man without much
regard to his party affiliations. This has
become so well understood that the old
line republicans in various southern states
are up in arms. They protest violently
against having their old pickings taken
away from them. They complain bitterly
against what they regard as the injustices
involved in the appointment of democrats
to federal offices.
The old organization men, or profes
sional politicians, have appealed to Sen
ator Hanna for help. They have asked
him, as the official head of the party,
chairman of the national committee, to
aid them in retaining their" "rights." But
Senator Hanna has turned a deaf ear to
their plaints. He has declined to inter
fere. Upon this score he and President
Roosevelt have an understanding.
0 c
: "Practical" politics will not be :
: permitted to stop the wheels of :
: the proposed reform. Mutterings :
: of vengeance in the next republican :
: national convention will not deter :
: any one who has his heart in this :
: new movement. President Roose- :
: velt least of all.
° c
It is safe to say that the halcyon days
of professional politics in the rotten
boroughs of the south—the era of swap
ping delegates who represent nothing for
fat federal offices—are drawing to a close
No one expects that this system can be
overturned in a minute. It will take time.
But there can be no doubt that President
Roosevelt has entered upon this work of
reformation i:i a spirit of great earnest
ness and determination, and that he will
follow it up as rapidly and energetically
as circumstances permit, regardless of the
possible menace to his own interests in
1904.
More Wholesome Condition* Sought
The president has no rosy dreame as
to the immediate political effect of the
new policy. He does not reckon upon
any sudden revolution. If any southern ;
state gives electoral votes to the repub- I
lican party three years hence he will be ;
agreeably surprised. That is not the i
question at all. There is a great desire '
to break up the srflid south, but not pri- !
marily for the votes involved in the dis
integration. The main thing is to secure
a more wholesome political condition in
that section of the country; to give south
ern men of intelligence and patriotic feel
ing a chance to express themselves on
national issues; to free them from the in
tolerable condition now existing; a con
dition which subordinates every question
of public importance to a traditional race i
prejudice, the "nigger domination buga
boo." It is believed by the president and j
those who advise with him that once the I
wedge is driven in, once the best people
of the south are convinced they are to
be treated fairly, that the danger which
they have feared and exaggerated has
wholly disappeared, the rationalizing,
process will go on in a natural way, lead
ing lo good results.
Several southern appointments which
the president must soon make will give
him ample opportunity to demonstrate the
sincerity of his purpose. There is a va
cancy on the federal bench in the middle
district of Alabama, and it is likely to I
be filled by the appointment of Judge
Anthony D. Sayers of the city court of
Montgomery. Judge Sayers is a democrat,
and has not been suspected of any re
publican leanings. But he will be in
vited to take his place if no worthy re
publican can be found in the district.
Former Representative Brewer of Ala
bama, himself a democrat, saw the presi
dent about this vacancy, and strongly
recommended Judge Sayers. Mr. Brewer
says the people of Alabama would be del
ighted with the appointment of Mr. Say
ers, who is a man of fine attainments and
a nephew of Senator Morgan. Mr. Brewer 1
adds that his excuse for recommending a
democrat is that there is no republican
in the district fit to take the post. He also
expresses the opinion that if President
Roosevelt sees fit to name Judge Sayers
the people of Alabama will have before
them an object lesson in the new policy
which will be sure to bring about a bet
ter era.
Coming South Carolina Appoint
ment.
In South Carolina it is virtually settled
that the vacant collectorship of internal
revenue is to go to Colonel Blaylock, the
candidate of the McLaurin democrats. Mr.
Blaylock is now regarded as a republican,
though he was a democrat in good standing
till a few years ago. His appointment
would be quite in lino with the new policy
which the president has entered upon and
would stand as another proof to the peo
ple of the south that the old days of office
huckstering have come to an end.
President Roosevelt has said to some of
his caller's who talked about this matter
that it is his duty to see to it that the
best men are chosen for all federal offices
in the south as elsewhere. Their political
affiliation is of secondary importance.
Primarily his object is to reform the
public service, to appoint none but men
who have the confidence of the people. If*
any good political results follow, of
course, that will not be unwelcome.
There is a collectorship at Wilmington
Del., which is still held by Dr. Sooper, a
democrat who was appointed by President
Cleveland. In finding a new man for this
post the president will have a chance *—
show that he has no sort of sympathy for
Addicks. It is understood that he will im
prove it.
ROOSEVELT RESTLESS
Yearns for the Freedom of Prairie
and Mountain.
2f*v> York Sun Special Svrvie*
Washington, Oct. 4.—President Roose-
Telt is beginning to yearn for the freedom
Continued on Second Pave.
CONCERNING
CIVIL SERVICE
Probable Course of President
Roosevelt Outlined.
PIGEON-HOLE UNUSED
No Nore Will It Be the Receptacle
of Complaints.
ARE RADICAL CHANGES COMING?
What Seems Likely to Be Done
in the Way of New
Rules.
From Th» Journal Bureau. .Room 4S, Tot*
Building, Washington.
Washington, Oct. 4.—The fact that
President Roosevelt had, in less exalted
offices, so much to do with procuring the
| enactment of the New York civil law and
the enforcement of the federal one, has
led to many wild prophecies of what he
will do with respect to the civil service
from his present vantage ground. He has
taken no accasion to announce his policy
except in the most general terms, but it
will not be difficult to forecast it from the
signs visible everywhere.
'At the outset, it may be asserted that he
will embrace every opportunity to
strengthen the personnel and encourage
the work of the civil service commission.
Complaint by the commission of the vio
lations of the law and rules in the execu
tive departments will not be pigeon-holed,
but will be made the subject of direct
inquiry by the president. The member
of the cabinet involved will be asked to
set forth the department's side of the case;
and then the matter will be settled by the
president .on its merits. If the trouble
lies with the weakness of a rule, an exe
cutive order correcting the defect will be
issued without needless delay; If it lies
in deliberate maladministration, the
functionary immediately responsible will
be dismissed or disciplined; if the only
fault is laxity, the careless party will be
promptly "jacked up" and warned not to
let the offense be repeated.
Only a Waste of Time.
It will probably be a waste of time for
persons with grievances to carry them to
the president direct. The civil service
commission was created for the purpose
of dealing with such matters, and any
thing which takes the short cut to the
White House will simply be referred by
endorsement to the commission for in
vestigation and report. No one need fear
lest substantial justice will not be done in
these cases; the commission's investiga
tion wil be nothing but a screen for
sifting the good from the bad, the importa
ant cases from -those which are compara
tively trivial and easily mended. Mr.
Roosevelt is no blind idolator of the pres
ent system, but he regards it as the best
we have been able to get, possibly the
best we ever shall get; it has the sanction
of a law which makes him its executor,
and as long as he holds that relation the
law will be executed as he understands It.
Xor does he expect from his subordinates
a closer aprpcach to perfection than hu
man nature is capable of. Mistakes will
be made, and due alowance will be <»ve>
them; but the mistakes ruuet be honest,
and not mere disguises for 1 evasion. The
tricky, furtive man in office, if the presi
dent once finds him out. will walk the
plank, even If he can bring the archangel
Gabriel to intercede for him. This is a
warning which some of the elect would do
well to write out in large black letters
and paste in their hats at the beginning
of the administration.
Will He Make Changes?
Will President Roosevelt make radical
changes In the existing rules? That will
depend upon the way the present rules
work out in practice, and each feature
will be considered strictly by itself. The
prophets who have depicted Mr. Roose
velt as standing forever by the version
of the rules promulgates on May 29, 1899,
simply because they were ordered by
President McKinley, are as far off the
logical track as those who have assumed
that, as a civil service reformer, he
would sweep aside, with one swing of his
arm, all that his predecessor did at tliat
time. If experience shows that any
amendment of 1899 has wrought en injury
to the public service, it would be paying
a poor compliment to the memory of Mr.
McKinley for Mr. Roosevelt to keep it
on the book. The right as well as the
graceful thing would be to change it
again, on the ground that if Mr. McKinley
had lived and been faced with, the same
facts, he would have acted the manly part
and done just this.
The general principles here enunciated
will apply by analogy to civil service
matters beyond the scope of the law of
ISB3. The politicians here have been ar
guing themselves hoarse, for instance,
over the policy to be pursued in regard to
the New York federal offices. Unjess
something happens which cannot be fore
seen, not only will there be no announce
ment of the president's intention regard
ing these places till congress meets, but
his own mind will not be finally made up
till then. Why? Because Mr. Roosevelt
will not wish to say "yes" or "no" now
and draw it back later, and discoveries
may be made to the credit or discredit of
each officer's merit account before De
cember, of importance enough to change
the balance from one page to the other.
Collector BidTvell's Case.
Take the case of Collector Bidwell, for
an example. A statement was made the
other day in the newspapers, "on compe
tent authority," that the collector would
surely be reappointed. It would not be
difficult to guess who furnished the com
petitent authority, and it may be said
absolutely that it was not the president.
The statement was put forth from a
worthy source, for the distinct purpose
of counteracting a report which had
gained circulation in New York that the
collector "may not be reappointed, if
he is found guilty of official misconduct."
This was like saying that "two and two
will always make four, unless they can
be shown to make a higher or lower num
ber than four," but the phrase used was
unfortunate in its order of words.
The truth will doubtless be found to be
that President MeKinley had received and
considered many charges against the col
lector and dismissed them all as ground
less or trivial, and that, as he had re
solved to reappoint the collector, the re
appointment will still be made, unless
some new accusation, more serious than
any already weighed and thrown out, can
be produced and proved. Postmaster
Wilson of Brooklyn is another office
holder whose approaching fate has been
the su/bject of controversy. The decision
FRIDAY EVENING, OOTOBEB i 1901.
24 KNOT BREEZE^] jjl (—^-%^55- "*
CL ! ■ SHA PA ROCK " ?$/r^(}£%\ -®&n
j SHAMROCK ■*• .WINSjJISI^^^jZJW C^==-C^
I r . , .. —ii ■!■!■. „ — „it m* ' " i- " i .-.. -
JOHN BULL—WELL, I WILL BE BLOWED!
in his case will turn on the question, not
whether the "organization" likes or dis
likes him, but whether the attention he
has given to building up a little machine
of his own has interfered with his highest
efficiency' as a public servant, and, in
cidentally, whether a better man is at
hand to put into his place. He will not be
dropped to make room for another man
no better equipped; he will not be re
tained as an anti-machine monument.
His case will probably be among the last
disposed of.
And so one might go through the whole
list In New York, the president's home
city, where he has the advantage of a
personal acquaintance with all the pub
lic men of any note in his own party,
and with a multitude who are not of note
but who may deserve to be given a better
eminence. Advice and information re
garding candidates for office, and regard
ing men who are not candidates, but
ought to be, will always be welcomed
from persons of sound and temperate
judgment; dictation from any source will
not be brooked. The warning, not less
than the invitation, applies to the sen
ators from New York.
—W. W. Jermane.
Washington Small Talk.
The class of 1902 at the naval academy, An
napolis, contains sixty-three members, of
whom only three are from northwestern
states—George T. Myers and J. C. Townsend
of lowa and Earl P. Finnell of Wisconsin. F.
W. Sterling of Ilinois leads the class on the
work thus far accomplished and H. S. Klyce
of Arkansas stands second.
Postmasters appointed to-day: Minnesota—
Kerrlck, Pine county, W. P. Hogan; Watkins,
Meeker county, Michael J. McCarthy,Jr. lowa
—Monterey. Davis county, John H. Daniels.
The controller of the currency has approved
the application of David Burton, Reed Ander
son, A. L. Ruscad, W. E. Burton and M. J.
Jacobson for authority to organize the First
National bank of Wheaton, Minn., with a
capital of $25,000. The controller also ap
proved the application for authority to or
ganize the Anaconda National bank of Ana
conda, Mont,., with a capital of $100,000.
Rural free delivery service ordered estab
lished at Bricelyn, Faribault county, Minn.,
Nov. 1.
Dr. Jenrier P. Chance, has been appointed
pension examining surgeon at Llttie Falls,
Minn., and Dr. H. F. Livingston at Yankton,
8. D.
O'NEIL KEEPS MOM
Members of His Party Not So Se-
cretive, However.
RESCALE OF WHITE EARTH PINE
Finding;* of Frand by Farr Said to
Have Been More Then
Confirmed.
Special to The Journal.
Washburn, Wis., Oct. 4.—Captain Wil
liam O'Neil has returned from the White
Earth Indian reservation in Minnesota,
where he has been conducting the rescale
of the Indian timber cut under the direc
tion of Indian Agent Mercer. Mr. O'Neil
refuses to give any information as to the
result of the rescale, and only says that
his report has been completed and sent
to the department at Washington.
But some of the members of Mr. O'Neil's
party are more communicative than their
chief, and while, of course, the amount
of information they can give is not con
siderable, still enough is learned to war
rant the assertion that the report will
be a bomb in the camp of the lumber
men.
The original rescale for the Indian de
partment was made under the direction of
Joseph Farr of Phillips, Wis., superin
tendent of logging on the reservations,
and showed the lumbermen indebted to the
Indians on last year's contracts for over
$100,000. Indian Commissioner W. A.
Jones subsequently ordered a rescale,
which has just been completed under the
direction of O'Neil.
It can be stated almost positively that
the report of Mr. O'Neil shows even great
er frauds than reported by the Parr in
vestigation. The visit of Indian Commis-
sloner Jones to Minnesota last week, In
company with Senator Quarles, a member
of the committee on Indian affairs of the
senate, is thought to have been in con
nection with the frauds at White Earth.
A consultation was held between Special
Agent McComas, who was connected with
the White Earth investigation; Captain
O'Xeil, Senator Quarles and the commis
sioner.
STATE WILL
TAKE A HAND
Examiner Poie to 'Inspect
MegaarcJeß-c Books.
WORK BEGINS MONDAY
The Investigation Due to Complaint
by Mayor Ames.
IT MAY GO BACK OF MEGAARDEN
i
Also There May Be an Examination
of Other County Officers'
Books. *
The state of Minnesota will take a hand
in the investigation of Sheriff Me
gaarden's finances. Public Examiner E.
M. Pope will present himself at the
sheriff's office Monday morning, and begin
a thorough examination of the books.
The result will be reported to Governor
I Van Sant, and if the public examiner finds
! irregularities, he will make a formal com
: plaint to the governor. Acting on such a
i report, a commission will be anointed to
! take testimony, and before this commis
sion Sheriff Megaarden will have to ap
pear to show cause why he shall not be
removed from office.
The action of the public examiner is due
to a recent visit from Mayor Ames. That
worthy went to the state capitol to make
formal complaint to the governor, but was
referred to the public examiner, who un
der the law must make a preliminary re
port on all charges. The mayor made
verbal charges to the public examiner, re
citing in a general way the accusations
against the sheriff. General Pope at
once decided on the examination.
The examination will be a thorough and
impartial one, and may go back to the
books of former sheriffs. If necessary, it
will also extend to the books of other
county officials.
May "Cut Out" Fees.
One of the results of the disclosures
concerning the sheriffs office will prob
ably be the repeal of the law maintaining
that office on a fee fasis. A bill placing
the sheriff upon a salary has been pre
pared and it will be presented at the next
sitting cf the legislature.
HOSPITAL CORNER STONE
That of Swedish Hospital Will Be
Laid Sunday. ♦
The substructure of the new Swedish
hospital, now going up at Eighth street
and Tenth avenue S, has been completed
and everything is in readiness for the
corner stone and the upper work. The
stone will be laid next Sunday afternoon
by the Rev. Olaf Bodien, president of the
hospital association. Rev. Messrs. C. J.
Petri, Erick A. Skogsbergh and E. O.
Stone, pastors of the principal Swedish
churches of the city, will make addresses.
A military band and various church choirs
will provide the music.
The building will be three stories high
and of a handsome style of architecture.
The estsimated cost Is $40,000. It is un
derstood that the work of completing the
building will be pushed as rapidly as
possible.
Rushing Marines to Panama
\
Vallejo, Cal., Oct. 4.—Orders have been received at Mare Island to rush the re
pairs on the naval transport Solace, as she must be ready for service by Oct. 15. It
is stated that the vessel is needed to take a force of marines to Panama.
SETTLERS IN ALARM
Fear Indians at Mille Lacs Lake
May Become Violent.
AN APPEAL TO THE GOVERNOR
Lam Erickson, a Settler, Make* It-
Smallpox Said to Be of
Worst Type.
Lars Erickson of Ericksonville, Mille
Lacs county, a pioneer trader, called at
the governor's office this morning to en
list the aid of Governor Van Sant.
The settlers on the south shore of Mille
Lacs lake are in great dread of the In
dians, and are beseeching the government
to take prompt action in removing them
to the "White Earth reservation, where
most of the Mille Lacs Chippewas are al
ready settled. According to Mr. Erick
son, the condition is alarming. Said he:
Settlers are leaving our country for fear
of an Indian outbreak. We are lefenseless
against the Indians. We have no telephone or
telegraph, and it would take seven hours to
reach Milaca with a telegram. Before troops
could reach us the Indians could kill every
settler.
The Indians are very ugly and threaten
trouble. They have no business on the land,
but they refuse to move, and we think that
certain traders are inducing them to stay
so as to get their trade. The government is
withholding their pay because they refuse
to move, and they will be destitute this win
ter. They are penniless now, and with
threatß demand food from the storekeepers.
It is the black smallpox they have, and
it is almost sure death. We have wives and
children, and we try to keep the Indians to
themselves, but they go right past the guards,
and we are all in danger of smallpox. -There
are 500 of them loafing around in their tepees
on homestead land. They all have guns, and
the few settlers would not stand any show
against them. We can't enforce the laws
now. They kill deer out of season, and fish
on the lake in winter from houses built on the
ice. We can't stop them, because no game
warden dares to try it.
Dr. E. H. Beckman, sent by Dr. Bracken,
secretary of the state board of health to
investigate, returned this morning. He
says the guards are now enforcing quar
antine with fair success, and the settlers
are not in great danger from the epidemic.
The disease among the Indians is in a
virulent form, and several deaths have
occurred. He agrees with Mr. Erickson
that the Indians are in an ugly mood, and
that the settlers are much disturbed.
The state board of health will keep in
close communication and will urge the
federal authorities to move the Indians
to their allotment in the White Earth
reservation.
HIS FLYING MACHINE
Santos-Dnmont Prepares for Far
ther Experiment,
Paris, Oct. 4.— H. Santos-Dumont is
fitting up the airship Santos-Dumont No.
6. To-day, if the weather is good, M.
Santos-Dumont will undertake prelimin
ary experiments at a height of 100 feet
above the balloon park. These experi
ments will be continued on Saturday and
Sunday if the atmospheric conditions are
favorable. The committee of the Aero
club will meet at the balloon park In
order to witness the attempt of M. Santos-
Dumos to win the grand prix de 1 'aero
club. M. Santos-Dumont intends to cross
the Long Champ race course about 3
o'clock in the afternoon.
SUICIDE OR MURDER
Floater at Marinette Has a Bullet
Wound in Head.
Marinette, Wis., Oct. 4. —A body found
floating in the river here has been iden
tified as that of J. E. Dickerson, a travel
ing photographer of Mahistee. Mich. The
real cause of death is as yet unknown. A
bullet hole in the man's bead indicates
either suicide or murder. An investiga
tion will be made.
16 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
COLUMBIA WINS ON
TIME ALLOWANCE
The Shamrock Crosses the Line But
Three Seconds in Advance of
Columbia.
Lipton's Boat Leads Over Half the
Course, Is Passed and Gets
Ahead Again.
TO-DAY'S RECORD
Actual Corrected
Start. Turn. Finish. Time. Time.
Shamrock 11:02:00 12:48:46 3:35:35 4:33:35 4:33:35
Columbia 11:02:00 12:49:35 3:35:38 4:33:38 4:82:55
New York, Oct. 4.—Shamrock crossed
the line first. Columbia wins on time al-
lowance.
3:36 p. m.—Shamrock apparently crossed
the line 3:35:35; Columbia, 3:35:38. Colum
bia has won the race and holds the cup.
STORY BY BULLETINS
New York, Oct. 4, 11 a. m.—The yachts
are off, Columbia getting away first.
11:05 a. m. —When the starting gun was
fired both boats were well back of the
line. Both broke out their spinnakers as
they headed for it, Shamrock being the
quickest. Columbia crossed first, giv
ing her rival the coveted position astern
11:07 a. m.—Apparently the handicap
gun was fired before either boat had
crossed the line.
11:14 —Columbia appears to hold her
lead by about three lengths.
11:15 a. m.—The official time of the
start as given by the Marconi wireless
telegraph was: ,
Columbia, 11:02:00.
Shamrock, 11:02:00. \
Starting on handicap gun.
11:17 a. m. —Columbia continues to gain
slowly.
11:30 a. m.—Shamrock has passed Co
lumbia and seems to be pulling rapidly
away from her.
11:47 a. m.—Shamrock is still leading
by at least 100 yards.
11:57 a. m.—Columbia crossed the start-
Ing line just fifteen seconds after the
handicap gun. Shamrock crossed the line
just thirty seconds after the handicap
gun.
11:55 a. m.—Shamrock apparently has
pulled away a bit more and at present rate
of sailing will turn the first mark well
within her time allowance.
12:03 p. m.—Shamrock is now fully a
mile ahead.
12:09 p. m.—A favorable slant of wind
has apparently enabled Columbia to close
the gap a little. The boats are now with
in three miles of the outer mark.
12:83 p. m. —The wind is now ten knots.
Shamrock forty seconds ahead.
12:50 p. m. —Shamrock has turned outer
mark. Her unofficial time is 12:48:57.
12:51 p. m.—Columbia turned outtr
mark; unofficial time, 12:49:45.
12:52 p. m.—Shamrock haß gone on the
starboard tack. Columbia luffed around
the mark and went off shore on the port
tack.
12:54 p. m.—Ban- held the port tack but
an instant and then went on the star
board tack, both yachts heading for the
jersey shore.
12:59 p. m.—Marconi wireless reports
that Shamrock turned the outer mark
forty-eight seconds ahead; unofficial.
I:ls—Columbia is ahead.
1:21 p. m.—Columbia passed the Sham
rock at 1:13.
1:34 p. m.—Columbia is now nearly a
mile to windward.
1:45 p. m.^The wind holds true at
twelve knots. Both boats are still on
the port tack, Columbia to windward and
ahead.
2:03 p. m.—Columbia has gone about on
the starboard tack and still holds her lead.
2:04 p. m.—Shamrock quickly followed
around on the starboard tack.
7:15 p. m.: Columbia has gone on port
tack, closely followed by Shamrock.
2:23 p. m.: Shamrock is apparently
ahead, as developed on the last tack.
2:26 p. m.: Shamrock is now on the
port taok, Heading well north and may
be able to fetch the lightship in the next
tack. The yachts are splitting tacks.
2:34 p. m.: Both yachts are now on the
starboard tack. Shamrock ahead, the wind
dropping.
2:48 p. m.: Both now on the port tack.
Shamrock still apparently slightly in the
lead. It is a close race.
2:34 p. m.—Shamrock still slightly in the
lead.
3:07 p. m.—The yachts are now three
miles from the finish. Shamrock appar
ently still slightly in the lead.
3:18 p. m.—Shamrock wqnt on the star
board tack about one and one-half miles
from the lightship.
3:30 p. m.—Shamrock has gone on the
starboard tack, Columbia following. The
race is close.
OVER THE COURSE
Shamrock Lends Half Way, bat I*
Overhauled.
New York, Oct. 4.—The Jockeying for
the start was a pretty piece of work. At
the preparatory signal at 10:.55 the yachte
had not yet come about. Shamrock made
a complete circuit of the committee boat.
Columbia met her to the northwest, both
being close hauled on the port tack and
luffed into the wind.
When Shamrock came about to go for
the line, Columbia also came about on her
rival's starboard beam.
When the starting gun was fired botli
yachts were sailing parallel to the line,
heading to the southward. They were so
far to the westward of it that it was Im
possible to cross before the handicap gun,
unless one or the other gave way. Sham
rock held under Columbia's lee beam. They
were almost on even terms, but Sham
rock forced Columbia nearly over to th«
committee boat before she gave way.
Just as the gun sounded the handicap
signal. Shamrock's balloon jib topsail was
broken out from its stops. Her spinnaker
boom had been dropped a few moments
before and now the great sail was smartly
set.
Columbia's balloon jib topsail was brok
en out while she was crossing the line
and her spinnaker was set just as she
cleared it.
Got Away.
After they had crossed the line the
British boat seemed to cut Columbla'a
wind to some extent and there ensued a
little luffing match, Captain Barr trying
to get his wind clear. The yachts were
sailing very rapidly, their huge spinnakers
bellying out in the fresh breeze and their
mainsails drawing beautifully. The for
eigner began to inch up on Columbia and
after a few minutes of sailing she had
pulled up considerably. At this point,
however, Columbia seemed to catch her
wind and maintained, if she did not in
crease, her lead for the next two min
utes. Then again the Shamrock, her
greater sail area beginning to tell, drew
up, and it was a magnificent neck and
neck race until, at 11:17, the bronze boat
drew ahead again and in a few momenta
she had placed a good stretch of water
behind her flying stern and the Columbia's •
nose. In ten minutes more, fairly skim
ming over the white-crested waves, she
had reeled off a good ten lengths of lead
and at that time seemed to be able to
hold it.
o o
: After 85 minutes of sailng, both :
: going at a terrific pace, the yachts :
: had sailed about a half of the first :
: leg, and try as the American skip- :
: per would, he did not seem to be :
: able to lessen his flying rival's :
.good lead. :
o o
The splendid wind sent the great white
clouded racers fairly spinning along
toward the outer mark. Every square
Inch of their canvas from their ballooners
down to the very bottom of the mainsails
seemed to draw perfectly. They were sail
ing wing-a-wing, the huge spinnakers
out to starboard and mainsails to port,
the enormous cloud of canvass hiding the
hull. But the English yacht was not to
be overtaken. She had more square feet
of sail and every one of these feet was
telling in the beautiful run before the
wind-
Beat Home on Even Terraa.
It looked as If Shamrock meant to make
up the forty-three seconds which she had
to give her rival, so that when the outer
mark had once been turned it would be a
beat home on even terms. When two
thirds of the first leg had been covered it
seemed certain that she would be able to
hold her lead under the weather condi
tions prevailing and the hopes of the pa
triots were centered on Columbia's abil
ity to outpoint the golden boat.
About a quarter past twelve, when tho
boats were nearing the outer mark, the
wind began to flatten a little, which was
instantly shown in the decreased speed of
the sloops. But they were eating up the
fifteen miles which lay between them and
the stakeboat at a splendid gait and still
going like the wind.
Drawing near the outer mark the
weather was becoming more and more
Shamrock-like. With the flattening wind
the sea was comparatively smooth and all
conditions were absolutely ideal for a be
fore-the-wind race. At times it seemed
as if Columbia was about to pick up, but
hopes raised by an occasional favoring
slant of wind were soon dashed when it
was seen the flying yacht of Ulster was
still showing the American a clean pair of
heels. At 12:45, with the outer mark al
most upon her, Shamrock's white-coated
sailors swarmed forward nimbly and In
came the great spinnaker, preparatory for
the turn. An instant later, Columbia's
men had also gotten in her great sail, and
before It bad been hauled to the deolc

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