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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
I @? SEAS6H". > PROCLAJWJONJ > |
I THE SURVIVORS. |
Z And We Yet Live to Tell the Tale. I
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THE CROWDED CAR NUISANCE
Complaint Is General and Conditions Seem to
Warrant All That Has Been Said
Patience not on a monument but cling
ing to a swaying strap!
In any Minneapolis street car the de
sirability of the monument as against the
strap becomes plainly apparent. Also the
greater forbearance of the patience that
submits to the strap is strongly accen
For months the people of Minneapolis
have quietly accepted street car conditions
which entailed discomfort, inconvenience,
delays and in some cases positive physical
suffering. Here and there there have
been mutterings In regard to the crowded
cars, in some cases there have been neigh
borhood meetings, and also in some cases
there has been some remedial action on
the part of the company. But for the
most part the mutterings have been in
dividual and the Improvement of the serv
ice has been inadequate.
On a majority of the Minneapolis street
car lines it is safe to say that during cer
tain hours the service given fails to pro
vide adequate accommodation for from 20
to 50 per cent of the traffic. This is not
guess work. Careful observations have
been made and in some cars it has been
found that there are practically as many
passengers on the straps as there are in
the seats. For a smaller number of people
the present service might be excellent. As
it is, the Twin City Rapid Transit com
pany seems to be endangering Its well
known reputation for being considerate of
its patrons and up to date in its methods.
Complaint si General.
Residents of the Eighth ward who,
through their aldermen, have voiced a
formal protest against the crowded condi
tion of street cars during the rush hours
of travel, are not alone in their griev
ance against the Twin City Rapid Transit
management. There is not a line in the
city on which an adequate service is
maintained either during the early morn
ing hours or during the evening rush.
On most lines the cars leaving downtown
points between the hours of 5 and 6:30
p. m. carry as many passengers standing
The reason for this is easy of explana
tion; the excuse 'for its being permitted
is more difficult.
For the past few years Twin City Rapid
Transit stock has climbed steadily until
now it is above par. Its earnings have
grown and its dividends have increased,
where eight years ago there were no
dividends. These dividends are paid by
"strap-holders," by men and women who
pay the company's conductor a nickel for
the privilege of being pushed, jammed and
crowded into a space designed originally
to accommodate only a fraction of their
number; who pay a nickel for the privi
lege of being called upon to "step up in
front" and to "crowd up in the aisle,
please" until cars that have a seating ca
pacity of about fifty are loaded down with
twice that number.
Not Only at Evening:.
Moreover, on many lines this condition
exists not only during the evening rush,
when more or less crowding is unavoid
able even by the best management but
also at noon and in the morning. Natur
ally fewer cars mean less f expense to
the company, and as the people must get
to their homes they crowd into the cars
supplied and seem to take a malicious de
light in tramping on the feet of their fel
low unfortunates, a proceeding which is
And We Yet Live to Tell the Tale.
not unlike the old device of "taking it
out on the dog."
During, the busy hours the worst crowd
ed lines are the Como-Interurban, . the
First avenue lines, the Eighth and Cen
tral and the Minnehaha. Other lines are
bad enough, but those named are the
worst.- When a car leaves the down town
district on one of them the passengers in
side are packed, to use a familiar expres
sion, like sardines in a box. In fact, it
is a .question If the sardines haven't the
best of it.
Men, and women" too, wearied by the
work of the day, are compelled to hang
on to a strap so that the company may
pay dividends, and the city council, which
could remedy the matter at least in part,
has done nothing up to date.
The Four Cent Fare.
This evil of crowded cars is more pro
nounced here than anywhere else in the
country. Even Chicago would not submit
to such conditions. There the street car
companies have come in for considerable
criticism regarding crowded cars, and a
measure is now pending in the Chicago
city council to fix the fare of passengers
who stand at 4 instead of 5 cents. How
ever, conditions in the windy city have
never been so had as they ere to-day in
In this 4-cent fare proposition munici
palities may discover a way to obviate
the nuisance. While this reduction is
small in itself it means a falling off of 20
per cent in the gross earnings from peo
ple who are unprovided with seats, and it
is reasonable to suppose, therefore, that
it would mean better accommodations,
more cars and an increased regard for the
company's patrons. - .
For the past few days The Journal
has been watching the street car situation
with some care and for the benefit of the
"strap-holders" some results of these ob
servations will be published in subse
quent articles. .
Illinois Men Fight With Pis
tols, Having Quarreled
Over a Woman.
Dubois. 111., Nov. 29.—Charles Evilsizer
the city marshal, and Henry Cameron of
Ashley, fought a pistol duel at a ball last
night. -Evilsizer received, three wounds
and Cameron four. Both will probably
die. The shooting resulted over a quarrel
over a woman.
Bishop Zardetti, Formerly of
St. Cloud, Minn., to Be
Special to The Journal.
New York, Nov. 29.—A letter from one
of the dignitaries of the Vatican at Rome
says Monsignor Falconio, papal delegate
to Canada, will surely succeed Martinelli
at-Washington. Falconio's successor in
Canada will be Monsignor Zardetti, titular
archbishop of Mocessum, formerly bishop
of St. Cloud. Minn.
FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 29, 1901.
Two Days of Fighting and
LIBERALS .ARE BEATEN
Government Forces Are in Posses-
sion of the City.
THE TRANSFER EXPECTED TO-DAY
Gen. Francisco Castro, Leader of
Government Troops, Killed
Washington, Nov. 29.—A cablegram has
been received at the state department
from Consul General Gudger, dated Pana
ma, saying that the liberals have been
defeated and that the government forces
are in oossession of Colon.
The secretary of the Panama Railroad
& Steamship company in New York to-day
recieved a cable dispatch from the agents
of the company at Colon which read:
Colon, Nov. 29, 11 a. m.—The captains I
of the warships with a large detachment
of their respective forces are now taking
over the government of Colon from the
liberals and will hand over the same later
in the day to General Alban, commander
of the Colombian government forces.
Everything is quiet and orderly here.
Some insignificant fighting occurred at
Bohio yesterday morning, where the liber
als made a last stand. After the con
ference here yesterday General Alban re
turned to Panama under a strong Ameri
General Francesco Castro was wounded
in the engagement at Buena Vista. j
The Colombians Borrowing Large
Amounts of Unnecessary Trouble.
Washington, Nov. 29.—Some of the re
ports reaching here show that there is
apprehension on the part of some of the
Colombians on the isthmus, including men
of considerable influence, as ta the stay of
the American marines. It has come to
.the knowledge of officials here that many
wild rumors have been circulated on the
isthmus, some of them going to the extent
of aserting that the United States forces,
having landed, would not be withdrawn.
Thes ereports have led to inquiries be
tween Panama and Washington, bringing
out responses that the rumored American
occupation was wholly imaginary and that
the most positive and definite assurances
had bene given that immediately upon the
fulfillment of this government's obligation
to keep open the traffic, our forces would
be debarked and all. American authority
would be terminated. This purpose of the
authorities here has been made known to
those in influence on the isthmus and has
served to allay the fears caused by re
ports of American occupation.
General Castro Killed.
Colon, Colombia, Nov. 29. — General
Francisco Castro, who led the govern
ment troops at the capture of Barbacoas
bridge on Tuesday, was killed early this
morning during an engagement with an
Insurgent force at Bohia Soldado.
General Castro had been acting as sec
ond in command of the government force
on the Isthmus.
According to the insurgents, there were
about one hundred federal troops killed
and wounded in the fight in which Castro
j met his death.
j:-:. Ocean. Vessels. -
Hamburg— Phoenicia, from New
Havre—Arrived: La Bretagne. from New
i York. .!■ •,.- ...
No Third Interurban Likely
THUS QUOTH MR. LOWRY
Some Straight Talk About the Rail
COMPETITION IS NECESSARY
Hill May Guard the Xorthvreat, but
la Not Immortal—Soo Remains
Thomas Lowry, president of the Soo
railway system, and head of -the Twin
City Rapid. Transit company, returned
this morning from New York. Mr. Lowry
said that his trip east had no connection
with construction plans of the street rail
way system for next year as had been re
ported. He said that the general policy
of reconstruction followed by the street
railway company for many years would be
continued next year, and that this means
a large outlay of money as has been the
case during the present year. Twin City
Rapid Transit improvements for this year,
he said, would cost over $600,000. "« For
many years the annual expenditure has
been from $300,000 to $600,000. This year
the company has added sixty-two new
cars to its equipment at a cost o_ $6,000
each. He says that the big cars are being
placed on all lines as fast as possible.
No Third Interburban in IDO_.
"The story that I went east to attend
a meeting of the directors of the Twin
City company Is wrong," said Mr. Lowry.
"There was nothing to demand'such, a
conference. No decision has*been reached
as to the building of the third interurban
line. That it will be built during 1902 is
not probable. The Minnetonka line will
not be built next year.,"
Mr. Lowry admitted that the next inter
urban line would pro__bly be an extension
of the Selby avenue line in St. Paul across
the Lake street bridge and from there
across town to the Harriet line by way of
Thirty-first street, as has been predicted."
He said that while in the east he had
given no interview nor made any state
ment that this line was to toe built soon.
Talk* About the Merger.
Mr. Lowry was asked whether he con
sidered the Northern Securities merger
actual railroad consolidation. He said
that that was a legal proposition, a ques
tion for the lawyers.. He did not, how
ever, think it would affect the acti'. 1 op
eration of the ro*ds < .volved. / -
In answer to the question; if the elim
ination of railway competition in the
northwest, which was the end sought in
the organization of the Northern Secu
rities company, was detrimental to the
interests of the northwest, Mr. Lowry
"Generally speaking the elimination of
competition is detrimental to the inter
ests of the country—or the theory of all
of our laws is wrong."
There was cited to Mr. Lowry the ar
gument that the life work of James J.
Hill, president of the Northern Securities
company, had been the development and
improvement of the northwest; that his
policy toward northwestern interests had
never been destructive; that having been
instrumental in developing the territory
traversed by these lines, he could be de
pended upon for a just policy toward, it
in future, notwithstanding the fact that
he might have absolute power in trans
portation affairs in the northwest. Mr.
Mr. Hill Great, but Hot Immortal.
"Mr. Hill is undoubtedly a great man.
He has done much tor the northwest. But
as a question of general policy, I cannot
bring myself to believe that placing the
northwest under the power of one man or
set of men is anything but wrong. Grant
ing all that is said in favor of Mr. Hill,
and his good intentions toward the north
west, it must be remembered that he will
not live always, and thus the northwest
would have no real security for the
"There have been reports, Mr. - Lowry,
that the Soo and the Canadian Pacific
were to be brought.under the influence of
the persons represented in the 'community
of interest' arrangement. Is there any
foundation for this talk?"
Sou to Remain . Independent. ■ -•
"None that I know of. As far as I know,
such a state of affairs is not probable. I
think its results would be detrimental to
this section. As long as the Soo remains
independent, the.northwest is assured that
competition between railroad systems is
not to be entirely eliminated, and the Soo
as an independent system has bright pros
Mr. Lowry said that he spent but a few
moments with President Roosevelt while
in Washington and that he did not men
tion the Northern Securities merger nor
any kindred subject as had been reported
in some papers.
General Manager E. E. Pennington, of
the Soo, said that he did not believe that
the "community of interest" as applied
to the three roads in which Mr. Hill is
interested would result in any detriment
to the northwest. He said that the tend
ency of rates was downward; that rates
have been reduced 50 per cent since 1880;
and that any attempt toward unreasonable
action on the part of the roads would re
sult, in the construction of new lines.
There were many influences, he said,
which would dictate a just policy on the
part of the roads.
President Lowry said that Soo exten
sion plans for next year were not com
plete. The program had not been de
Jones—Funny thing, I - can't ever get
Strong to see me mornings.
Brown—Never . mind, he'll make up for
It by seeing you twice afternoons. He
usually sees double by that time.Detroit
I Free Press. . -A
But There May Be Fireworks
CARLISLE NO COLLEGE
Movement to Bar Her Men Yet to
GOPHER-BADGER GAME FOR 1902
It Seems Certain— of Opening
Caaei Air* Men on
Prom a Staff Corespondent.
Chicago, 111., Nov. 29.The members of
the "Big Nine" conference in session
this morning were as quiet as Quakers.
There wasn't even the suggestion of a
storm or a split such as had been rashly
predicted between Wisconsin and Minne
H. J. Barton, of Illinois, was chairman,
and F. S. Jones, of Minnesota, secretary,
All. of the universities were represented.
Professor Waldo, of Purdue, the arbi
trator, reported on three colleagues. Al
legheny, he declared, was a college^ un
der the conference rules; Dixon and
Carlisle were not. . The Carlisle decision
was rendered in connection with Nebras
ka's protest of Rogers, of Minnesota.
The most important work of the morn
ing was a decision to interpret the four
year rule as applying to baseball, football
and track athletics combined. The. re
ports of the I. C. C. A. were to be taken
up this afternoon and evening.
There is much to do and friction is not
impossible. Wisconsin is said here* to
have a fat yellow envelope full of evi
dence against Minnesota football players,
presumably Dobie, chiefly for profession
alism. If it is opened, it is possible that
Minnesota may open something relating
to Wisconsin players, and the sympathies
of the "Big Nine" members generally are
understood to be with Minnesota.
That Wisconsin and Minnesota will not
play next year is hardly likely. Dr. Wil- j
liams and Manager Kilpatrick, of Wis
consin, har a talk to-day, after which Dr.
Williams said that all talk of rupture,be
tween the two institutions was without
ground. "From this it may be assumed
that the gopher-badger game.will be the
big football event in Minneapolis next
fall. Minnesota will also play lowa, and
it will not be surprising if Minnesota and
Chicago meet, :in view of the warm
friendship between Williams and Stagg.
Mueller and Sehreiber > Oa«ea.
It is certain that the Mueller and
I Schreiber cases wil come up. Wisconsin
is hoping for Schreiber's reinstatement.
It can hardly be obtained without Muel
ler's reinstatement. One of the strong
forces against both is Stagg of Chicago,
who is expected to introduce an Iron
clad rule against any participation by col
lege athletes in summer vacation sports.
He will meet opposition. Purdue and
Indiana especially are said to favor less
stringent rules. They are said to regard
some of the big institutions as trying to
freeze them out, so a contest may be
There is strong sentiment in some
quarters against allowing ex-Carlisle men
to play except under a rule recognizing
Carlisle, in athletics at least, as a col
lege. This is yet to come up.
A W-soonsin-Michitcan Game.
Wisconsin is trying to arrange a game
with Michigan for next year and will
doubtless succeed as Michigan seems will
ing. The fight of Michigan against Chi
cago and Staffff is still on. Despite
Stagg's criticism of the two institutions
i for playing in Chicago yesterday, Michi
gan and lowa have arranged to meet in
: Chicago next Thanksgiving day. i
—W. P. Kirkwood. I
SOON TO GO
Sheriff Megaarden Will Prob
ably Be Suspended From
Sheriff Megaarden will probably be sus
pended from office , to-morrow morning by
Governor Van Sant, who will then appoint
a commission to investigate the charges
made by Public Examiner Pope.
Action was deferred to-day pending
Work on copies of the report. The govern
or's stenographer is striking off four ex
tra copies for use- at the hearing.
Director of Boston and Mon
tana Co. in Federal Mar
New York, Nov. Judge Lacombe, in
the United States circuit court, made an
order to-day holding Anson R. Flower, a
director of the Boston and Montana Cop
per and Silver Mining company, guilty of
contempt of court and committing him to
the (custody of United States Marshal
Henkel until he shall answer before the
commission in a suit brought by John
MacGulnness against the company. On
the motion of counsel for the directors of
the company a stay was granted pending
an appeal to the United States circuit
court of appeals. fafl__Bffi
The case of Mr. Flower was by agree
ment made a test one as affecting Wil
liam D. Rockefeller, Henry H. Rogers, J.
P. Mcintosh, Frederic P. Olcott, James
Stillman and Leonard Lewisohn, his fel
low directors in the -Boston & Montana
company. The action was commenced In
Montana and an order issued for the tak
ing of certain evidence here by the com
mission. Mr. Flower'alone appeared be
fore .the commissioners and by advice of
counsel declined to answer the questions
, put to him.
20 PA&ES-FIVE O'CLOCK,
THE G.N. TAKES LAST
OF ITS BIG GRANT
Lands Involved Had Grown in Value
and the Road Finally Accepted
Ends a Historic Squabble and Opens
an Enormous Agricultural Tract
for Immediate Settlement.
The state of Minnesota has paid its last
debt to the Great Northern railway com
After six weeks of negotiations State
Auditor Dunn to-day closed up the famous
'Bierma_r__and grant deal. He deeded
272,000 acres of state land to the com-
pany. | The deed was delivered at the
Great Northern land office this morning
This immense tract has already been
bought from the Great Northern by F. E.
Kenaston of Minneapolis and O. A. Rob
ertson of St. Paul. It is a spot cash trans
action, and the purchase price is con
siderably over half a million dollars. It' is
the largest cash purchase of land ever
made in the northwest. This land has
been tied up in litigation for seven years,
claimed by no one. It is now thrown
open for settlement. Messrs. Kenaston
and Robertson are president and general
manager of the Minnesota Land and Colo
nization company, which will put the vari
ous tracts on the market immediately.
The Biermann land grant has been a
nightmare to state officials and a fruitful
source of trouble.
The Great Northern railway was enti
tled to ten sections of land for each
mile of road built under the act of 1865.
In 1894 all the selections had been made
except for the St. Cloud and Hlnkley
branch. The company was entitled to
425,664 acres, and had already taken
.about. 160,000. ./_;;., ..-■-..
Company Refused It.
Adolph Biermann, then "-'state - auditor,
denied the right of the company to make
Its own selection of lands, and arbitrarily
picked out 271,565.94 acres, supposing that
filled the grant. The company refused to
accept the deed.
When R. C. Dunn came into office a few
months later he upheld his predecessor.
He found, however, that considerable land
had been deeded twice, and that the com
pany was entitled to some 15,000 acres
more. This he deeded to them, and con
tended that the grant had been filled. To
all inquiry about the land he referred in
quirers to the Great Northern land depart
ment. They were from there referred
back to the state auditor. Neither claimed
the land. There were 120,000 acres in
Aitkin county alone, and the dispute
caused much hardship, retarding the set
tlement of the county.
Governor Clough sided with the railway
company. Shortly before leaving office he
wrote "canceled" on the back of the Bier
mann deeds and deeded the company 1,023
acres, in order to force the state into
litigation over it.
Attorney General Douglas declined to be
drawn into a legal controversy, fearing
the outcome. • The legislature instructed
him to bring suit to cancel the Clough
deed. This action was taken in 1899 and
again in 1901, but the attorney general de
clined to act.
Meanwhile the available state land was
rapidly taken up. About six weeks ago
Mr. Dunn presented figures to the Great
Northern company, showing that if the
Biermann deed were set aside they would
nevertheless have to take about two
thirds of the tract in order to file their
Dunn Finds a Purchaser.
Mr. Biermann thought he was selecting
the poorest land he could find, but since
1894 it has been found that much of the
tract is valuable for agricultural purposes,
and drainage will make the rest of it high
Consequently the Great - Northern offi
cials turned a willing ear to a prospect of
settlement. To make sure Mr. Dunn em
ployed his well known talents as a land
salesman, and found purchasers for the
land:" Messrs. Kenaston and Robertson
agreed to buy it If the Great Northern ac
cepted it and gave them clear title.
M. D. Grover, general solicitor for the
road, and L. W. Hill agreed to the terms
and the consent of James J. Hill was se
cured by wire.
The Biermann deed, however, was not
accepted, and the Great Northern was not
forced to surrender its contention. It was
found that the Biermann deed was still
a little short of the required amount.
There were 272,015 acres due the com
pany, and Biermann had only deeded 271,
--565. The Clough deed had already been
entered, so it was allowed to stand, and
574 acres were stricken off the original
Biermann grant. With this difference the
land conveyed was the original Biermann
Goes on the Tax Lists.
The land is now taxable In the various
counties, and the state will receive rev-
Reached a Hundred and Sixty Years
: Rio Janeiro, Brazil, Nov. 29.—Maria Luisa, a negress, 160 years old, is dead. Sh«
was the last representative of the slaves who were imported directly from Africa. «
enue from it. It will also be opened for
Nearly half the land is in Aitkin coun
ty. The rest is in Carlton, Cass, Itasca*
Crow Wing, Wadena, Otter Tail, Becker,
I Hubbard and Beltrami. Most of the land
is well adapted for dairying and stock
raising. It will go on the market at
i something like $5 an acre, easy payments.
F. F. Lynch, assistant general manager
of the land company, said this morning
that the land would immediately be of
i fered to settlers.
About eighteen months ago this company
bought 600,000 acres of land in central
Minnesota from the Northern Pacific, and
all of it has been disposed of, except about
12,000 acres on the iron range, retained
on account of Its mineral prospects.
bit one: MORE! CASE
Only the Duluth & Iron Range Grant
Settlement of the Great Northern land
grant to-day leaves only one case in the
hands of State Auditor Dunn. This is the
grant of the Duluth & Iron Range, which
lies in St. Louis, Lake and Cook counties.
The grant was determined by a decree of
United States court, issued by
Judge Lochren. Owing to a mistake of
the attorneys on both sides, the decree in
cluded about 40,000 acres of state institu
tion and state school lands, which the
state has no right to deed away.
The court's decree has been accepted as
final, but the state auditor has been try
ing to adjust the matter with the railroad
company, so as to secure the school land,
some of which has valuable ore deposits.
His request will be considered to-mor
row at a meeting of the board of directors
in Duluth. Mr. Dunn hopes for favorable
action, which will enable him to- go out of
the land grant business.
IN THE NEW CIRCUIT
Minneapolis Will Have a Club in
BEALL GETS THE FRANCHISE
He Will Probably Secure Walter
Wilmot' as Manager-Chi
cago Turned Down.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Nov. Minneapolis will be
represented in the new American Asso
ciation, which was formally organized
The circuit will be made up as follows:
Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Toledo, Colum
bus, Kansas City, Omaha, Minneapolis
and St. Paul. , ,v
The new association will be affiliated
with the National league. W. H. Wat
kins and H. D. Quinn were appointed a
committee on by-laws and constitution.
Each club deposited $500 as a guarantee
of good faith.
A. R. Beall of Minneapolis was given a
franchise in that city. He will endeavor
to secure Walter Wilmot for manager.
Milwaukee wanted him, but waived its
claim to Mr. Beall. Milwaukee will
proably secure Pitcher Willie Reldy as
Cincinnati, Chicago and Louisville ap
plied for franchises, but were not suc
IN A TUNNEL
One Man Killed in a Collision
of North Western Freight
La Crosse, Wis., Nov. 29.—A wreck la
which one man was killed and another,
slightly injured occurred on the Chicago
& North-Western road at the west en
trance of tunnel No. 3, between Sparta
and Summit at a late hour last night. "
Freight train No. 78 east-bound stalled
in the tunnel and the engine crew on ac
count of smoke and gas were obliged to
cut the engine from the train to escape.
The air brakes released themselves al
lowing the train to back down the steep
grade, striking a special freight that .was
Just entering the*" tunnel. \__
G. E. Saunderson, a stock man of Trem
i pealeau, Wis., who was in charge of
blooded stock', for the Chicago live stock
show, was instantly killed and one brake
man slightly injured. Traffic was blocked
I several hours. I > /
GAME WARDEN NOT SHOT
Bissinger Known to Have Escaped
the Hunters' Bullets.
Chilton, Wis., Nov. 29.—The report that
Game Warden Frank Bisisnger was fatal-*
ly shot by hunters on the marsh east of
Hayton turns out to be untrue. He is
alive and well and is at his home ia
Green Bay, Wis.