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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 21, 1901, Image 24

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-12-21/ed-1/seq-24/

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v
KATUBDAY EVENING.
FURNISHING A HOME
By KATE GREENLEAF LOCKE No. Ill—Copyright 1901
XO. I—A CHINTZ DRAPED BEDCHA MBER WITH HAI^F CANOPY BEI>.
i JIHEN the -weary shopper or
1 WWII fagged-out business man
ft T. lM reaches home at the end of a
|2 AJ3 winter's day, with rain or
sa*»&a snow or a fierce northeaster
as unwelcome companion to the very
threshold —then, for the half-hour before
dinner to rest in one's own room, warm
from an open fire, soothing from rich,
soft colors, luxurious in easy chairs —
is the acme of comfort.
No bedroom can take the place of a
sitting-room; but at the same time, it
should have more of a welcoming atmos
phere than the stereotyped chamber^ pro
vided simply with a bed, a bureau and a
washstand.
An apartment to appeal to one's sybar
itic instincts need not be expensive in
furnishing. Comfort is largely a matter
of right temperature, right color scheme
and chairs with properly poised backs.
To be completely successful in its
scheme of furnishing, a winter bedroom
should impart a comfortable glow to the
beholder upon entering. Soft, warm col
ors should be there, melting harmonious-
ly together. Whether or not the furnish
ing and draperies be really rich in ma
terial, they should have the effect of so
being. Easy chairs and comfortable foot
stools, and, if possible, a couch and cush
ions, should play a part. When the glow
of a fire is cast over this cosiness and
color the charm of the room is assured;
it will be felt by all who are privileged
to enter. A guest who has been in pos
session of such a chamber will never
forget its sense of restfulness. In front
of the fire there should be an easy chair,
a small table for books and magazines and
a shaded lamp.
Notheing Btiff, but soft fabrics only
should be at the windows. To insure a
THE RICHEST COUNTY
IN THE UNITED STATES
Olmsted County, Minnesota, So Considered
by Good Authority—A Type of Southern
Minnesota Counties.
NO. 1-A SKETCH
It has been declared by L. G. Powers,
the well known, statistician, now in charge
of the agricultural statistics of the cen
sus bireau, that Olmsted county is the most
prosperous single county in the United
States. It is a question whether it is any
more well-to-do than many of the other
counties in Southern Minnesota., such as
Dodge, Mower, Freeborn and a dozen oth
era. There is little doubt, however, that
the region of which these counties are a
type is unsurpassed by any communities
the world over in general high standard
of life.
Taking Olmsted county as a type, it will
be interesting to study its prosperity both
In the light of history and in the light of
present conditions.' Its history will be
considered in this article and its social
and industrial conditions in a later ar
ticle.
Theodoslus, or someone else equally
wise, once said, "Blessed are the people
who have no history." This may be said
of southern Minnesota. In so far as wars
and great events constitute history, this
region has little history. Its story is the
fight of the pioneer. A few events stand
out as landmarks, auoh as the great crop
and the Rochester cyclone of 1883. For
the rest, the history is a narration of the
struggle of the early settlers who in a. few
years have turned the flat prairie Hand
into a garden of plenty. It Is the story of
transition from old methods to the new.
In a word, it is the story of progress.
Early in the seventeenth century the
Jesuite priests first penetrated into the
Mississippi valley. These bold priests
and a few adventurous spirits from
France, placing their bark canoes upon
the waters of the St. Lawrence at Mont
real, made their way up the chain of
lakes to the head of Lake Superior. By
the Portage of the St. Croix they reached
the Mississippi and thus worked their
way to the Falls of St. Anthony. The
present century, however, saw the first
real settlement. The adventurous Pike,
r*:^-;. ■ 'W' 1 '^ ' j^r §^^ '^^:'\ jsfey: J^k' % ■ '
AN! OLJ> LOG CABIN AT ROCHESTER.
sens© of harmony It is well to drape the
windows, cover the couch and cushion the
chairs with the same stuff. This is a
simple matter where figured goods in
warm, bright colors are used. When this
is done it is well to treat the walls and
carpets in plain colors, choosing either
the color of the figure in the draperies,
or some shade which distinctly harmon
izes with it.
This scheme can be carried out in cot
tons, silfts or wools, and the furnisher
will find that it will be the coloring em
ployed and not the cost which will make
its beauty. For instance, the bedchamber
in illustration No. 1 has walls of crimson
in a plain color —this paper may be the
expensive flock or a cheaper ingrain; but
the color must be a rich red and not the
purplish red often 6een in cheap papers.
The ceiling is cream and kalsomined. The
bed and window draperies have a crimson
figure in a cream-colored ground, and
the furniture is mahogany. The rug used
on the mahogany-stained floor is a rich
Wilton of indistinct figures in crimson
tones.
A Ghtnta Draped Red Room.
The walls of illustration No. 2 are
covered with pink flowered chintz. The
drapery over the half canopy of the quaint
little bed is of the same pattern and col
oring in smaller design. The spread is
of Marseilles, trimmed with an old-fash
ioned white cotton fringe. All the details
of the room' are quaint in suggestion. A
touch which is effective and which en
riches the simple chamber is a winged
chair of brown wicker upholstered in
plush or velour of the softest and most
bewitching shade of old rose. This bit of
solid color serves to accentuate the beauty
of the pink roses scattered on the wall.
The windows are simply draped in filmy
OF US HISTORY
whose name is borne by the picturesque
island at the junction of the Minnesota
and Mississippi rivers, penetrated this
region shortly after the Louisiana Pur
chase in 1803. A number of towns and
villages had then been established upon
the banks of the great natural highway,
the most important of which was St.
Paul.
The First Immigrants.
In 1849 the bill organizing the Terri
tory of Minnesota was passed. The fol
lowing year brought many immigrants to
Wisconsin and the Minnesota river land
ings. This first wave of immigration
was made up almost wholly of Americans.
The great influx of Scandinavians and oth
er foreigners was at a later period. The
land seekers soon pushed on to the fer
tile regions west of the river. Much of
the government land had remained un
surveyed: Even the boundary line be
tween Minnesota and lowa was not run
until 1852.
Early in the following spring surveys
were made in Minnesota west of the Mis
sissippi. Thomas Simpson, one of the
earliest settlers of the state, and still a
resident of Winona, was in charge of this
survey. Regarding the method employed
he says:
At this time the government had just adopt
ed the new system of surveys -which had as
units the acre, the section, or scuare mile
consisting of «40 acres, the township six
miles square and containing thirty-six sec
tions. The township lines lying six miles
apart constitute rangres and the ranges are
numbered from the principal meridians east
and west. On eaoh range the townships are
numbered both north and south from the
principal east and west 'base- line. The east
and west base line from which the townships
in Missouri, lowa and Minnesota west of the
river are numbered is the north boundary
lifee of Arkansas, the first tier of township's
on the north side of that line being designated
as "township No. 1, north, >: and tho first tier
south being designated and described as
"township No. 1, south." The number of
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
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NO. 2-A CHAMBER FOR ALL SEASONS. WITH COLOR SCHEME OF ROBIN'S EGO
BLUB AND SEA GREEN.
whit© muslin, and a Persian rug having
much beautiful old pink in it lies on the
polished floor. The ceiling is washed with
a light shade of rose color. A. straight
scarf of the chintz used on the wall is
hung on either side of the muslin cur
tains at the windows. This carrying of
the wall covering into folds to frame the
windows is very effective.
Robin's Egg Bine and Sea Green.
Illustration Xoo. 2 is a photograph of
one of the most beautiful bedrooms in
southern California. While its cool, fresh
i coloring is particularly adapted to that
! climate,' it is also rich enough in tone
j to warm into life and cosiness with the
i glow of a fire and the addition of a black
j fur rug on the hearth. The wall paper is
| particularly beautiful, being a water color
study of creamy white Cherokee roses on
! a ground of robin's egg blue. The kalso
mined ceiling is washed with cream color
over the sides down to the picture mold
ing of the room. The wood finish is all of
Oregon pine, oiled, waxed and rubbed
down. There is a light golden-yellow glowl
to this wood which adds much to tho
cheerfulness of the room. The carpet is
1 blue velvet in one tone. It is the color
j of the side walls deepened to a rich old
blue and forms a charming background
for the white fur rugs thrown on it.
The note of dainty elegance which dis
tinguished this room is chiefly due to the
window drapery, which is unique, yet
simple. One end of the delightful apart
ment is thrown into a large bay, in which
there are five uniform windows. These
have curtains to the sill, ruffled and
caught back of white point d'esprit net,
and under these are hung sash curtains of
sea green silk with a damask figure. Over
curtains of the silk are also hung outside
the net and mark the divisions of the win
townships from the north boundary of Arkan
sas to the soxith boundary of Minnesota is
100, so the north tier of townships in lowa is
numbered 100 and the south tier of townships
in Minnesota, next to the (boundary line, is
numbered 101, the next 102, and so on.
At that time the state had not been di
vided into counties. As the surveyors,
progressed, many nameless counties were
set apart. Honors were easy In those
days. It thus happened that many of the
new counties were named for men at
that time prominent. Among these early
pioneers was David Olmsted of Long
Prairie, one of the earliest settlers in
Minnesota and a man long conspicuous in
the territorial government.
Life in tbe Wilderness.
When Mr. Simpson first undertook the
survey of Olmsted and the adjoining coun
ties of southern Minnesota, the region was
a wilderness. For months together the
surveyors would see no human being aside
from wandering bands of hostile Sioux,
who still roamed unrestrained in southern
Minnesota. In those days game was plen
tiful. In this connection Mr. Simpson
says:
One fine summer day as our party was
chaining across the prairie, I noticed against
the sky line ia myriad of wlvat I took to be
branches. Turning to my men, I remarked
that they would have a tough jab chaining
through the thicket just ahead. What was
my surprise when, a few moments later, what
JUT 5 ',fT»^
A HISTORIC DODGE COUNTS' BUILDING.
Old stone house built by John H. Shoeber in 1855 for an Indian trading post It Is still
stan ding.
I had supposed to bo a thicket developed into i
a herd of some 500 elks, and what I bad mis
taken for branches proved to be the thousand!
moving- antlers of the animals.
Bear were common and were often killed
by the party. A small band of some
twenty buffalo was seen near the present
Bite of the town of Hutehinson; the
streams abounded with trout and the prai
ries with prairie chicken. In the fall of
the year the rivers and lakes swarmed
with duck and geese. Mr. Simpson gives
the following explanation as to the,-de
rivatlon of the word "Zumbro," by which
the streams and rivers draining the coun
ties of Dodge, Olmsted and Wafoasha is
now known. The Indian name of this
river system is Waziouja. This means in
English that which is "difficult, crooked
or full of obstacles to flowing water."
Some of the early French explorers trans
lated it in their own tongue, calling it
"Dcs Embarass" river, and by thi3 name
It was known on the early government
maps. When the Americans settled the
lands bordering on this stream they found
It difficult to get the French pronuncia
tion. irDes Embarass' 'was fina^y cor
rupted into "Zumbro."
A Fever of Speculation.
In the spring of 1854 claims were taken
up at Zumbro Falls for Michael Kanneek
and George Lewis, two of the first settlers
in Olmsted county. These were located on
the spot where the beautiful city of
Rochester now stands. At this time large
numbers of immigrants crossed the
Mississippi from Wisconsin to take up
dows. The airy mingling of the pale
green and the filmy net against the sun
light coming through the window is simply
enchanting and softens the light of the
room.
The furniture, with the exception of the
brass bed, is mahogany. The couch and
window seat are upholstered with French'
cretonne, having blue figures on a white
ground. A cushion of blue silk in plain
colors lies under the figured one on the
couch and brings it into relief. The
brass bed is draped with a valanced spread
of white point d'esprit over one of light
blue silk. The green of the silk curtains
reproduces the foliage of the roses on the
paper, and thus the blues and greens ar«
brought together.
The Decision of Color.
There are several things which should
influence this decision of color. A north
bedroom is satisfactory and delightful done
in yellow, because this color cna make
sunshine in a shady place. If the yellow
bedroom is to figure in a dirt begrimed
city, draperies and adjuncts may be of
golden brown. When one has used cur
tains and a couch of brown in a room
with yellow walls she has but fto set a
pot of tiaiU'ng yellow sunflowers in the
window to explain her color scheme. Sash
curtains of inexpensive silkoline in glow
ing, golden yellow will admit the light
with added brilliance, and cushions on
the denim couch of yellow silk will give a
touch of luxury to the simple room. The
silltf may cost but thirty cents a yard,
and yet the sheen, the softness, the sug
gestiveness of richness is there and sne
has attained her object in getting a beau
tiful effect while spending very little
money. Yellow sunflowers, with dark
brown centers, carry another color in
their stems and leaves. This is a certain
pre-emption claims in southern Minnesota.
Land could then be purchased from the
government at $1.25 per acre. At that
time the government also gave land war
rants to the veterans of 1812 and 1846, en
titling each to a quarter section. Many,
not caring to come to the new country,
disposed of these warrants to speculators, j
A great fever of speculation seized the
northwest. Settlers poured westward
from the river landings and through lowa.
On the plains wag seen with its ox teams
and canvas top, the <lprairie schooner,"
creaking under its load of household goods
and provisions. In its wake followed the
good cow and the faithful dog. The con
versational hen also discoursed through
the slats of the coop suspended beneath
the wagon. When the claim was reached
the party camped while the men cut and
dragged from the neighboring river bot
toms, great logs from which rude cabins
were soon, constructed. There ware few
luxuries. "Window sashes were whittled)
out with pen-knives; oiled paper served
In place of glass, and a blanket hung over
an opening at the side of the house did
duty for a door."
IlanlliiK Produce to Market.
In» the early days the great crop was
wheat. In fact for many years it was the
only cereal exported. The land was vir
gin, and yielded regularly a return of
twenty to thirty bushels to the acre. The
only markets were on the river. Farmers
hauled their produce with ox-teamß from
pointa as far west as Albert Lea to the
river towns of Winona, Red Wing, Lake
City and others. Wheat wag then worth
from thirty to forty cents a buehel and
the farmer who wished to carry any
money back with him to hie prairie home
had none to spare for hotel bills. They
slept free beneath their wagons.
The speculative fever than raging all
over the United States soon reached these
frontier settlements. Men bought farms
and gave mortgages calling for from three
to flve'per cent per month. The result
was that away mortgages were fore
closed, and the usurers often found them
selvee possessed of lands at that time of
but little value.
The winter of 1855 and 1856 was a most
severe one. For its bitter cold and al
most interminable length, it has no par
allel. Snow lay three feet deep on the
level. At one period a thick icy crust
covered the snow. Deer and other small
footed game fell through the crust and
were unable to escape. Hundreds were
killed by the farmers with clubs and
pitchforks.
The Heniiiiiiniis of Doilur County.
Shortly before this a settlement sprung
up in what is now Dodge county, about the
cabin of Peter Mantor, one of the first
settlers. A prosperous town soon flour
ished under the name of Mantorville. For
a time Indians used to winter in the
vicinity. One season 1,500 Sioux passed
the winter within a stone's throw of the
town. One of the first buildings erected
shade of green which nature has nicely
adjusted to harmonize with the coloring
of the flower. If, therefore, one wishes
to use green also in this yellow room, she
will be perfectly safe in doing so if she
selects this shade of the color. It is trite
to- say that nature makes no mistakes,
and fret 1t is well to be reminded that
we have her with her combinations of leaf
and stem and flower always at hand to be
our guide, and that she is a very safe
one.
Beauty in Window Hangings.
When white curtain muslin, sheer and
washable, can be bought for nine cents
a yard by the bolt few women have good
excuse for letting the windows of their
bedroom go undraped. A well-hanging
curtain, carefully made, cut by a thread
and ruffled with a three-inch ruffle down
the front edge, will change a common
place, unattraotive bedroom into an abode
of purity and peace. White, crisp, dia
phanous, they soften the light and beau
tify the outlines of the window. They
afford a charming glimpse from without
of the sacred privacy of a bedroom and
they frame the view within bewitchingly.
The draping of the curtain should de
pend upon the shape of the window it
shields. A square or casement window
should be bung with straight scarf cur
tains. These should be made with a cas
ing at (the top wide enough to admit of
its moving loosely on a slender brass rod
at top of window. The rod is then run
into the casing and the curtain fulled on
to it. These should fall to a line with
the sill, and have a two-inch hem at the
bottom. Scarf curtains should not, as a
rule, be ruffled, but thie selvidge, or an
extremely narrow hem, should form the
finish of the sides. When the windows
are long It Is well to cut the curtains to
in Mantorville was a atone cabin built by
John H. Shoeber in 1855, and for several
years was used as an Indian trading post.
It is still standing and is one of the old
landmarks. Mantorville was for years
the largest town of that part of the state,
and might have been so to-day had not
the railroad passed It by some three
miles to the south. It is still the seat of
Dodge county, and one of the most beauti
ful of the small Minnesota towns.
When the Civil War broke out Olmsted
county was a flourishing community. Its
prairies wer dotted with houses. Saw
mills, deriving their water power from
the river, supplied abundant lumber. Now,
the frame house superseded the crude log
cabin. Towns sprung up. Schools had
been built. The first crudenesss of
pioneer life has passed away.
At this time the great foreign immi
gration, of later years, had not set in.
The population was composed largely of
Americans from New England, New York.
Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin.
There were also to be found a few com
munities of settlers from the old world.
Such were the Norwegian settlement at
Rock Dell, and the Irish settlement near
Stewartville, and one or two of lesser
note.
The War and the Massacre.
Olmsted county made a fine record in
the civil war. From a population of 12,000
this county sent 1,250 of her sons to the
republic's armies. The war brought bet
ter times and higher prices, and those who
remained at home soon became well-to
do.
The Indian massacre of 1862 was too
far west to cauee more than a passing
panic. After the war closed times began
to improve; mortgages were paid off and
new houses were built; traveling sales
men sold large numbers of willow shoots,
and other quick-growing trees, like the
cottonwood and poplar. To-day one does
not see the treeless prairie of the early
day, but a plain covered with picturesque
groves of deciduous trees sheltering the
neatly painted farm houses.
The Hi Hi Crop Year.
In 1866 the Winona & St. Peter railroad
was located and built westward to Kas
son. Good times continued to prevail
throughout the district. This wave of
prosperity culminated in the enormous
wheat crop of 1877, still known as the
"big crop." Such a one was never seen
before nor since in this state, phenomenal
for its crops. The next year came the
great failure. Hundreds of farmers did
not even get their seed back and many did
not cut their crops at all. Small yields
for the two following years and the in
creasing ravages of the chinch-bug dis
couraged the farmers. They, therefore,
gradually abandoned wheat raising and
embarked in the more profitable business
of dairy and diversified farming. Cream
eries and cheese factories sprung up;
farmers gave more attention to stock rais
ing. High-grade stock wes imported and
:; j&»^
TYPB OP EARLY DAY LrOQ CABIN STILL STANDING AT ROCHESTER.
THE WINTER BEDROOM—How to Lend It
Charm and Coziness —Some Valuable Sug
gestions and Illustrations.
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NO. 3—A CHEERFUL, ROOM WITH DARK RED WALLS AND MAHOGANY FURNITURE.
fall a foot below the sill; these should
be ruffled along the front edge and across
the bottom. When they are caught both
slightly above the window ledge with
cord and tassels, the lower part will then
fall In a cascade of ruffles, which is very
fascinating. A study of the accompany
ing photographs will afford accurate in
formation on this subject. Ribbons should
not be used to fasten back white muslin
curtains unless butterfly bows are made
a special feature of the decoration, of the
room. Generally speaking, a simple
white cotton cord and tassel is the best
thing to use here, though a daintier and
slightly more expensive effect is obtained
with the slender cords and fluffy tassels
of white silk, which can beb ought for
twenty-flve cents a pair. If one wishes
to be very economical indeed, they can
make these little accessories for them
selves of the common white cord, which
can be bought for a song. It will readily
be seen that the illustrations here given
are of bedrooms where a marked sim
plicity lends the chief charm. The ma
terials employed to drape the beds, door
ways and windows, to cover the couches
and cushions, may be flowered cot
ton, costing twenty-five cents per yard,
or of richest silks and brocades. The
graceful lines of the draperies, the soft
fulness of the curtain®, the genecal ef
fect of a daintily furnished bedchamber
would in either case remain the same.
And just here lies the gist of this mat
ter of luxurious furnishing. The point
I wish to make is that if properly se
lected and arranged the cheaper mate
rials may also appeal to the highest
taste. We are learning that we need not
leave beautiful homes entirely to the rich.
The man of moderate means may sur
round himself also with an atmosphere of
beauty. In a country home the most
delicate cottons, having an Ivory white
1 »k "^ '*- S
THOMAS SIMPSON,
A southern Minuesona pioneer, living now at
Winona.
the general standard of the cattle in this
region to-day is high. In the towns new
industries grew up.
There are many attractive towns in this
county. Byron, Dover, Chatfleld and
Zumbrota are all thriving trade centers.
DECEMBEK 21, 1901.
background with figures in clear, fresh
greens, or pinks, or china blue, or scar
let, may be used (the colors I have men
tioned are generally unfadable) on couch
and cushions and hassock 3. Pin striped
dimity at twelve and a half cents per
yard may drape the windows in peren
nial crispness, and the doorways may
be hung with the always artistic and
serviceable denim which is now brought
by the shops in the softest and finest
shades of color. The plain surface of
color presented by a denim door curtain
accentuates the more delicate suggestions
of wall paper and cretonne and serves to
fix the color of a room. In city houses
where coal dust is apt to filter in it is
well to use richer and stronger colors.
In this case they can be so chosen as to
harmonize completely, glaring shades
should be eschewed, and the effect will
be as attractive as the other.
The Dressing of an Iron Bed.
The iron bedstead has In many homes
•superseded the heavier and more expen
sive wooden ones. Tliey have the several
advantages of cheapness, simple lines and
sanative construction, but when im
properly treated are absolutely ugly.
When left to figure in skeleton bareness
their effect in a room is that of meager
ness and poverty. Yet there is nothing
which takes more kindly to airy and
graceful decoration than these little beds.
It is a simple matter to make a spread
of white dimity, or flowered or dotted
muslin, and sew a sixteen or eighteen
inch ruffle around three sides of it. At
the two corners which will fall at the foot
of the bed the ruffle must be slit open its
full width, and the sides faced back.
This slit permit* the legs of the bed
stead to be inserted within the ruffle, and
the opening is entirely hidden by the ex
tra fullness at the corners.
Rochester is the county seat, and Is sit
uated in a beautiful valley, and It one o<
the most picturesque towns of Minne
sota.
The Rochester Tornado.
The great event which stands out In the
history of this section is the Rochester
tornado of 1883. On August 17, about 6:30
the storm struck the town. It had been
muggy all day, and the clouds, gather
ing in. the northwest as evening ap
proached,.. warned the community, that a
destructive storm was at hand. Almo
Gerry, one of the wealthy citizens of Rock
Dell, tells how he watched the great
wind clouds gather many miles to the
west. For a few minutes, he says the
clouds hung motionless, and then they
began to move slowly-; as a strong man
will start a freight car. Once started
the twister gained speed rapidly, an*
swept down the valley. In appearance it
had the shape of an inverted balloon, and
was about the color of boiling soap or
maple syrup. Great timbers and frag
ments of wreckage were seen spinning
about In the^vortex. The storm followed
up the valley of the Zumbro river, strik
ing the lower part of the town with a
roar like that of a thousand freight
trains. It had now grown intensely dark.
Great hail stones fell, some of these
weighing as much as a pound and a half. 1
The path of the tornado averaged nearly
half a mile in width. That part of the
town through which It passed was re
duced, in the words of an eye .witness,
to "toothpicks and matches." Fifteen
minutes after the storm struck, all was
over. So thick were the debris and
wreckage where the storm had raged
hardest that it was impossible to dis
tinguish the former location of the streets.
Twenty-eight persons were . killed. A
hundred more were . injured. Help in the
way of subscriptions for provisions and
shelter for the homeless poured in from
the entire state. The storm was a great
setback to Rochester, but a few years
later saw the little Minnesota town as
prosperous as before.
The history of southern Minnesota for
the last fifteen years has been one of
constant progress. New devices and im
proved farm machinery have been univer
sally introduced. The growth of the dairy
Industry and the Introduction of the
cream separator have given a great stim
ulus to the raising of stock.. '
It is safe to say that there is a greater
variety of farm produce raised -in this
section than In any other portion of the
northwest. Oats, barley, rye. wheat, corn,
fruit, honey, sugar and a dozen other
products pour into the market towns.
Mortgages are fast being paid.
Universal prosperity reigns.
■ ■ ." . ' "
Buy United States Fuel OH stock mm
Write for new prospectus.
Tie Takima Valley, Washington,
Is the most attractive Irrigation ' proposi
tion in the United States. All but trop
ical fruits grow luxuriantly, while alfalfa
is a sure and profitable crop. . Twenty
acre ranches can be purchased for $600 on
easy terms. The Northern Pacific rail
way traverses the entire length of the
valley, thus Insuring good transportation
facilities. Good schools and churches
abound, and rural mail routes are es
tablished through the valley, which will
soon be. one large village. Thunderstorms
are rare and cyclones unknown. The cli
mate, which is very mild, Ib extremely
beneficial to consumptives and those af
flicted with bronchial and catarrhal
troubles. The Northern; Pacific has an
nounced cheap one-way settlers' rates to
all points on Its line during March and
April. This will give an opportunity to
termers to make the trip west very cheap
ly. For particulars write to G. F. Mc-
Neill, city ticket agent Northern, Paciflo
railway, Minneapolis, or to G. "W. Mott,
general emigration agent . Northern Pa
cific railway, St. Paul. Minn.
Great Northern Hallway Holiday Ex- >
anriion Rates '-'■
For teachers and students during the ~£
holiday vacations. Call or telephone Great
Northern Railway Ticket Agent for rates,
dates of sale and limits.
A woman who is weak, nervous and,
sleepless, and who has cold hands and feet
cannot feel and act like a well person.
Carter's s lron Pills equalize the circula
tion, remove .:, nervousness,.. sfid p give
strength rest. - ,-

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