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•ral's name and dates of birth and death engraved on the front,
*nd a war scene on each side. As he has been in a great many
battles, I think it would be well to have his statue mounted on
a large, handsome horse, in full uniform, and waving his sword
high in the air, as if encouraging his men in battle. While he
was president, I suppose he delivered many speeches, as most
presidents do; and so I think another statue might represent him
as standing on a platform, with his right hand uplifted, as if
speaking to his people. —Ida Broten,
S< ventta Grade, Luverne, Minn.
Yi<-t€»rieii<» •• Yankee Cheenf-boi."
A monument ought to be erected in honor cf Captain Erics
son, builder of the Monitor, and inventor of the hot-air engine
and screw propeller for steamships.
It would look well to have a bronze statue of him about six
feet tall, with a miniature Monitor resting on his hand.
Perhaps there would not have been any United States if he
had not lived. At the time he luilt the Monitor a large, south
ern, ironclad battleship, called tlio Merrimac, was on the James
river, near the mouth and guarding its entrance. There v.-as a
fleet of u!)icn ships off Fort Monroe. Of theee the Merrimac
had sunk all hut two or three when it began to grow dark. The
Merrimae withdrew up the river, intending to come back and
complete their destruction in the morning. It could then go up
Chesapeake bay and destroy our capitol. But when it came back
in the morning it found the Monitor, a unio-i
vessel, also ironclad, waiting for it; after a
desperate fight the Merrimac was beaten. If
Captain Ericsson had not built the Monitor,
the Merrimac could have torn down our cap
itol with its bombs, and the confederate states
might have conquered the union states.
Seventh Grade. — Harlan R. Thurston,
Lincoln School. * Anoka, Minn.
( linrmint; Every Day Clothes.
Louisa May Alcott never did anything
brave and daring like Jean of Arc, Grace
Darling, and many others, but still I think she
is very deserving of a monument. It wouM
be very appropriate for the children all over
the United States to contribute what th"y
cculd towards the erection of a monument to
the good woman who devoted her life to writ
ing stories to amuse them. -
If I were to have the planning of the
monument. I would say that it ought to be a
pillar about ten feet high, with a base about
five feet square and tapering towards the top,
on which would rest a bast of Miss Alcott in
her everyday clothes, just as she always looked
in life. On the sides of the pillar would be groups. from "Little
Men," "Little Women" and "'Jo's Boys"; and on the remaining
side, a wreath encircling the dates of her birth and death with
the words, "Lovingly dedicated to the memory of Louisa May
Alcott by the children of the United States."
- —Ruth Lowe,
Eighth Grade. Two Harbors, Minn.
Destruction to Wooden Ships.
I think the monument most needed in the United States is
one for John Ericsson, because he was the one who built tho
first ironclad ship, the Monitor.
If he had not invented this ship, the north would probably
have been defeated, because the iron ship Merrimac had disabled
five "wooden ships of the north the day before. When the
Monitor came steaming up to the Merrimac they began to fight;
and the Monitor made the Merrimac withdraw from the fight. xn
this way Ericsson did much toward freeing the slaves.
I would erect the monument on one of the small islands in
Hampton Roads. On the monument I would put the picture of
Ericsson fitting iron en his ship. ' —Charles Brant, • ■
Seventh Grade. Renville, Minn.
A Famous Violinist.
I would* have a monument "for Ole Bull because he was a
good violin player. I would have his statue made of marble, iv
New York, and have it very large—about sixty feet high and
about twenty feet wide. 1 would have his name carved in marble;
then I would have another block of marble about ten feet high
and five feet wide and would have an inscription on that.
Sixth Grade. Two Harbors, Minn.
Telling Effect of the- Cotton Gin. •
. If anybody ought to have a monument Eli Whitney should.'
His invention was a great help to the world. It probably has
tened the end of slavery. If the cotton gin had not been invented
until the present time, there probably would have been slaves
now. If the planters had not had the machine, they would have
needed more slaves; and if the northern people should try to
free the slaves, the planters would feel as though they could not
give them up. The cotton gin requires but few men to run ft
and the planters do not need slaves. The worst of it is, Whit
ney never gained anything by his invention. I think he' should
have a monument made of marble. It should be a high one' like
the Bunker Hill monument in Charlestown, near Boston.
Seventh Grade. Warren, Minn.
The «Pilot?,n Battle.
The '"Pilot" In Battle.
If John Paul Jones does not deserve a monument nobody does.
He was America's greatest naval commander. It would be very
appropriate to have a large base on which would stand a statue
of Jones with drawn sword ready to strike an enemy, because
most of his battles were hand-to-hand conflicts. If Jones did
not have as large a ship as his adversary, he would run in close,
fasten the vessels together, and board the enemy's ship. Under
the monument should be a vault in which would be a piece of
carving to represent his great battle, which was between the
Bon Homme Richard and the Serapis.
Eighth Grade, ;;_ —Ralph Doherty,'
Central School. Graf ton N D
From a Wanderer 1* Heart.
John Howard Payne, the composer of "Home, Sweet Home," ,
•was a wanderer and traveled from place to place; he showed us
how dearly he loved home by composing that beautiful selection.
I would have his remains brought to Minneapolis and a beautiful
statue erected. The foundation should be of stone, and the statue
of iron plated with gold if I had the money to do It I would
have him sitting in a chair with a'book in his hand; that selec
tion would be engraved on its pages. Around the foundation I
■would have the places where he visited, and what he did there,
carved very prettily. —Florence Scheid, ',."
B Seventh Grade, Golden Valley, Minn.
Oak Grove School.
To the Goddess "liberty .»
With all the monuments and statues scattered so profusely
ever the United States, it is my opinion that there is room tor
one more; that one to be a masterpiece in production and to be
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY DECEMBER 21, 1901.
■ ■■—■'" ;"" —•t
There was an old womart
who lived in a shoe.
She had so many children she
didn't know •what to do: *
She gave them some broth
with plenty of bread.
She kbsed them all fondly
and icnt them to bed.
made at the expense of our government. But what shall It be?
I think I will build the monument and call it, "The Victory of
Liberty Column." The column will be of white marble, ninety
feet high and about ten feet in circumference. The next step
will require the most skilled and artistic sculptors and en
gravers of stone in existence. They must engrave on the column
the following events in regular order: The landing of the pil
grims; the signing of the Declaration of Independence: the sur
render of Cornwallis at Yorktown; and Admiral Dewey'a vic
tory at Manila bay. Each event would be four feet in height.
This would help us to remember some of the greatest events.
Sixth Grade, —Harry Lord,
Longfellow School. Morris. Minn.
At I'ncle Sam's Back Door.
If I were to erect a monument I think it would be to the dis
covery of geld in California, in 1848. I would have it at Coloma,
and, if possible, on Captain Sutter's mill race. Its design would
be a man dressed in rough clothes and washing out gold. I
would have it of marble.
The reasons for erecting a monument to that event are
these: First, it settled the state of California, formerly mostly
given over to the Indians and wild animals; second, the rush >f
settlers brought after it a steady flow of people that gradually
settled all the west. So many people and so much business
brought the first transcontinental railroad. Third, it made Cali-
—From Denslow's "'Mother Goose."
fornja a prominent and permanent state in the union, and San
Francisco a prominent city in that state.
—J. Marvin Nickerson,
Seventh Grade. Cyrus, Minn.
Aid inthe Tim? of Need.
Aid in the Time of Need.
The monument most needed in the United States is a monu
ment to the memory of Robert Morris. It ought to be erected in
his native state of New York at his home, in a prominent situa
tion; It ought to be of the best granite. There should be a
granite pedestal about fifteen feet long and six feet wide and
four feet high. On top of it should be Robert Morris with purse
in hand, giving it to the United States army. There should be "
about fifteen soldiers on it who take the money. They should be
represented ■■ with bare feet and ragged clothing. The reason
why I select this statue is, that Robert Morris helped this
country very much during the revolution. Had he not given the
money, the army would have dispersed and would not have won
battles; then France would not have helped us.
—Fred W. Hoernemann,
Eighth Grade. Young America, Minn.
America's "Grand Old Man."
I think a person who has done a great deal for our neglected
people, the Indians, is Bishop Whipple. An appropriate monu
ment for him would be a school for the Indians erected on a
northern reservation. The course of work would be different
trades and an education for each Indian. There would be two
buildings made of stone from our own state quarries, and ex
tensive grounds where the Indian boys and girls could play and
have a good time when not working.
Why? This is a question that is not hard to answer. Bishop
Whipple was a grand old man and did a great work for the
ignorant Indians. The name of the building would be the"Whip
ple University of Minnesota. The buildings would be very plain
and money would be expended in a fine gymnasium.
Seventh Grade. Stewartville, Minn.
: -. ■ /*, -
- Edison, a Modern Magician.
I think if I were going to erect a monument it would be in
memory of Thomas A. Edison, the American inventor. He has
done a great deal of good not only, for Americans, but for the
world. He invented a telegraph, so that it would send at one
time more words than that of Morse. He invented the phono
graph and many other things. He "was a very poor boy when
young. He never became discouraged when his work was un
successful. I would have this monument made of marble, about
forty or fifty feet high, with a statue of Mr. Edison holding a
small phonograph, on the top of it. 7 ...•.:;•
—Benjamin Franklin Sequin, '.
. Sixth Grade. Amboy, Minn.
An Impetus to Progress.
It ;is to the steam engine that the _ wonderful productive
progress of recent times jis largely due; and to the famous
Scotch engineer, James Watt, belongs the honor of inventing the
first effective steam engine. His idea of condensing the steam
from the engine in a separate vessel came to him in the year
1765 and with this fortunate conception began the wonderful
series of improvements which have given us the magnificent
engine of to-day. When we think of all the good he has done
for us, and how useful his steam engine has been to us during
the past 136 years, I wish we «ould erect a - monument to his'
memory. —Olive E. Ortman,
Seventh Grade, Morris, Minn.
%-ZZM - ■"• '- - «?•
Beautiful Disregard of Self.-
The one I think most deserving of a monument is' Father
Damien, who devoted himself to the care of a leper colony on one
of the Hawaiian islands. There are very few people who would
leave this civilized country and go into some foreign place and
devote their lives as he did, working and comforting, the poor
people afflicted with such a dread disease as leprosy. Such a per
son I think deserves a beautiful monument so that he and his
noble work may be remembered by the people. ' '■■
Tenth Grade. ; v "Waverly, Minn.
'' - ,'.■-■ ■ - - ■ • * ■ ' . ■ •■■•■■.■ " ■ ••■-'.•■ ': <:ic'.-~~ii-
A Patient Painter.
There are many great people who hare \ done some brave
deed for our country who deserve monuments; but Rosa Bonhaar
well deserve one, and France must be very proud of her. I thinl
she must h*ve been very patient to study the lives of animals. I
am very fond of animals, but I do not think I could study them
bo patiently and lovingly as she did. . ..
I would have her statue about ten feet high, with a pencil
carved in one of her hands, and an open scroll in the other,
bearing a picture of her pet goat, Capricorn. Then I would have
carved on the pedestal "Rosa Bonheur, born in Bordeaux, France,
in 1822, died in 1899." I would have it taken to Lincoln Par* '
in Chicago. • —Ilia Chainey, ■"■, '
A Fifth Grade, Cloquet, Minn.
Jefferson School. ~~ —
A BIRD'S SURGERY
Ji Wounded Canary Very Cleverly Dressed Its Hurt
With Feathers. '
RANK RIDDELL of Roxborough, Pa., has a canary bird that
1 ran against the sharp end of a broken wire in its cage the
other day, inflicting an ugly wound in its breast. Mr. Riddell was
in the room at the time, and the bird's clever dressing of its hurt „ .
amazed him, says the Chicago News.
It plucked from another part of its breast a soft down, which"
it spread. over tie wound until the cut was covered with a cot
tonlike pad about an eighth of an inch deep. : The coagulating -
blood helped to keep the pad in place, but evidently the bird de- _
sired a bandage more secure than that, for it now plucked from \
its wings a number of long, fine feathers and wove these in and
out and over the pad until they formed a firm, strong thatch, or ~
network. The.operation occupied the bird for some thirty or forty
busy minutes and the hemorrhage from the cut by > that time
had quite ceased. It is well known that birds are excellent sur
geons and that they will even set broken bones in their legs and
wings, but a human being seldom has the opportunity that Mr. .
Riddell had of seeing one of them actually at work.
— ' " 4
AN AUSTRALIAN BRIDGE. "
A very peculiar bridge is being constructed over the Mary
river at Maryborough, Queensland, in that it is being designed so
that its surface will be submerged several times during the year 1*?
at the seasons of high floods, says a London newspaper. The
idea in building the bridge in this way is to save the material
that would be required to build it sufficiently high to escape
submersion at high water. The country on the banks of the Mary,
river lies so low that the approaches would have to be extraordi
narily long to be entirely out of water during floods, and this
would have involved an immense expense, so that it was decided
to disregard the floods and build the bridge for use during low
water and employ boats during the comparatively short time
that the water would cover the bridge. The bridge will clear
by twelve feet and six inches at ordinary high water. The high
est flood level is thirty-three feet, so that at times the bridge
will be submerged more than twenty feet.
IRRIGATION IN TEXAS.
The irrigable water in Texas is derived mostly from the Rio
Grande, Pecos and the Canadian rivers and enough water flows
down these streams to irrigate the whole valley from end to
end. In the autumn the water of the Rio Grande is somewhat
exhausted before it reaches the Texas line, and the farming in
dustry below El Paso is thus threatened, but the June floods send
the water down in riotous abundance, so that valuable crops are
often ruined by its overflow. The engineering question of para
mount importance in Texas is to control the waters of the Rio
Grande by storing the overflow of June for the droughts of Au
gust. Attempts are already being made .to do this, but it will
be a gigantic engineering feat that will require years for com
SALT FARMS OP CADIZ.
A considerable part of the province of Cadiz, in Spain, is low,
marshy ground, urfit for cultivation. Nevertheless, it is turned
to good account by being utilized for the production of salt by
evaporation. This is one of the most extensive industries and
sources of revenue in the province. It gives employment to thou
sands of workmen, and makes Cadiz an important seaport, as
more than two-thirds of the 400,000 tons annually produced is
exported to foreign lands.
VERY MUCH LOCKED.
Irkutsk, Siberia, is a city of padlocks. There are more pad
locks on the shutters and doors of an Irkutsk shop than can be
found in an English city of 200,000. There ;ire as many as three
padlocks on some shop doors, and every lower-story shutter
bears from one to five. The padlocks weigh from one pound
to fifteen pounds. The popular size is five pcunds, and two and
one-half inches thick.
Before the shell of the cocoanut becomes thick and hard and
while the meat is soft and about the consistency of clabber many
of the nuts are gathered and sold upon the street corners of
South American cities and in the shops. The nuts are cut open
with a maciiete. The milk proves a most refreshing drink, while
the meat is eaten with a spoon or, more often, with a sliver cut
from the shell.
FAITHFUL ARABIAN HORSES.
When an Arabian horse finds itself wounded and perceives
that it will not be able to bear its rider much longer, it quickly
retires frot I the conflict, carrying its master to a place of safety
while it has sufficient strength. But If the rider is wounded an!
falls to the ground, the faithful animal remains beside him, un*
mindful of danger, neighing until assistance is brought.
HAWAII THE GOLDEN.
How great are the possibilities of Hawaii as a fruit and
vegetable growing country will be understood when It becomes
known that four crops of potatoes have been produced In twelve
months. Radishes become edible ten days after sowing. Straw*
berry vines bear fruit all the year. ■
"Glory to God! the sounding skies
Loud with their anthems ring;
Peace to the carth —good will to men.
From Heaven's Eternal King."—Sears.