Newspaper Page Text
PRICE TWO GENTS.
NOT FIGHT IIS
A Very Large Percentage of Her
Food Supply Comes From the
* United States.
Even in Case of a War With a Euro
pean Power the Result Would
Public Meetings in England to Dis
cover Some Way Out of the
From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build
Washingto n, March 27.The American
government has been advised by its rep
resentatives in Great Britain that the
liveliest interest is being taken in that
country in the question of food supply
in time of war. So dependent is England
upon the United States and other agri
cultural countries for its bread stuffs and
meat supplies, that in case of war be
tween Great Britain and another great
power there would be danger of famine,
not in London only, but throughout the
whole of the United Kingdom. Statis
ticians point out the danger in a very
striking manner. During the five years
from 1852 to 1857, which included the
period of the Crimean war, England im
ported wheat and Hour to the amount of
2tf per cent of her total consumption. In
the five years from 1898 to 1901, she im
ported 75 per cent. In other words, the
acreage annually devoted to wheat raising
In England has been gradually decreasing
since the middle of the last century, and
Is to-day only about one-half what it was
then. Or to state the proposition in an
other way. England, during the former
period, raised about three-fourths of her
breadstuffs, while to-day she raises only
The Boer war increased the sense of in
security growing out of the situation just
described. Had Great Britain been in
volved in war with Germany during that
trouble, as at times there was great
danger, the. result to her home population
would have been disastrous.
During the late winter it is reported to
the government in "Washington that a
number of meetings have been held in
England for the purpose of devising ways
and means for the better protection of
the food supply in time of war, and the
fact that these meetings have been at
tended by the most prominent men of
the Country, from cabinet ministers and
members of the houses of lords and com
mons, down to representatives of the lead
ing men in the several trades, indicates
that the feeling of insecurity is wide
The public agitation was commenced by
prominent men in the grain trade, who
were naturally the first to see the danger.
Following their public expression of alarm,
a public meeting w as held at Stafford
House. London. In February, on invita
tion of the Du ke of Sutherland, to pro
mote an official inquiry into the question.
As the result of this meeting a conference
w as held between the prime minister and
committee representing all the leading
Interests of the country.
At the Stafford House meeting there
were present many of the high officers of
the British navy, who manifested the live
liest Interest in the question under dis
cussion, and let it be generally known
that the situation w as one requiring im
A later meeting was called in London by
the lord mayor, and was attended again
by the representative men of the king
A Suggestion of Bounties.
The result of these several conferences
has been a thorough awakening of the
English people to the dangers that will
threaten them in case of war with a rival
. naval power. Several suggestions have
been made looking to a relieving of the
situation. All of them, obviously, point
to an increase of the home acreage in
.wheat and to a larger production of beef
cattle. The suggestion that the country
adopt a protective tariff, making these
staples dearer at home, and thus stimu
lating the home grower and producer to
renewed activity, will hardly be adopted,
because the British workingman will not
consent to anything which will increase j him, I thought, to adjust the matter,
the price of bread. Thus far the sugges
tion of bounties to wheat growers and
cattle raisers seems to meet with great
est favor. It is predicted that before the
matter is finally disposed of there will be
an investigation by parliament and a roy
al commission to co-operate with it.
No War With Us Possible.
The people of the United States may be
Interested inlknowing that England buys
more wheat and flour and beef from
them than from the people of any other
country. It is very safe to say that as
long as that condition prevails there, will
never be a war between Great Britain and
the United States, if Great Britain can
prevent it. It is safe to say. also, that
this trade situation will cause the United
tSates to incline towards Great Britain
in any quarrel the latter country mav
have with a European power. In short, i the department
commerce has flimlly made fast friends of j T determined to fight the battle out and
these two great English speaking peoples.! made out circulars which I sent, to Presi-
rotwithstandlng occasional outbreaks of j dent Roosevelt and others resulting in the
Jingoism on this side the water, and of I present investigation."
Jealousy of the United Slates on the j Mr. Davis stated that the following are
other. An official investigation of i'ie| among tho, offi-ciaTs Victims: S?. W. Dc-
hread and meat question in England will vore of the Diamond Investment company,
these bonds tighter. SQ.NCW York Life building. Minneapolis TT.
W. Biggler. manager Of the' Monarch
far as real Britain is concerned. Com
bined, these two great nations could over
come any single nation, or any coalition of
nations, that might make war against
The people of the middle west will be
Interested in the questions presented in
this article, for It is from that section
that American export wheat, flour and \ building, all of St. Louis,
beef come in largest quantities. The
merchant millers of Minneapolis, for ex
ample, dispose of a very large percentage
of their annual surplus in the English
markets, where a steady demand exists
for their leading brands. Similarly, the
wheat growers of the northwest and the
beef packers of Chicago and Kansas City
send a large percentage of their export
stuff to Liverpool and London. This heavy
export keeps up the price of wheat, flour
and cattle at homo, and hence it is that
the question that England is now con
sidering with so much seriousness appeals
to us on this side the water also.
W. W . Jermane.
THROUGH A SKYLIGHT
Daring Thieves at Cedar Rapids Carry Off
Silks Valued at About
Cedar Rapids. Iowa. March 27.Lyman
Bros.' wholesale millinery house was
robbed last night of silk valued at from
$4,000 to $5,000. The thieves climbed up
the fire escape and entered the building
through a skylight.
A FAMOUS HORSE SOLD.
London, March 2T.Tl. C. Sievler has sold his
famous rnr-e horse, .Septre, to W. A. H. Bass
of the Tenth Hussnrs. heir of Lord -Burton. The
. prire paid baa not open divulged. Mr. Slcvier
init year refused as offer of $150,000 for the
birrse from .W K. VanderbilVr -r ' ..w -
FRAUDS IN THE
P. 9. MMTME NT
How Officials ExtortrSlackmail From
Fraudulent, and From Other,
They Are Milked by Sharp Lawyers
on Threat of Having Their
Mails Shut Off.
C. Franklyn Davis of Chicago Starts
olis Man Concerned.
New York Sun Special Service. '
Chicago, March 27.Startling detailed
stories about alleged corruption among
postoffice officials and lawyers, in collu
sion with them, are made by C. Frank
lin Davis of Chicago, who furnished Pre s
ident Roosevelt the information resulting
in an investigation.
Davis exhibits a receipt given him by
Harrison J. Barrett, a Baltimore lawyer,
who has been named in connection with
the disclosures, and whom Davis claims
is the go-between used by the officials In
a gigantic plot by which thousands of
concerns all over tho United States have
been held up for millions of dollars.
The postoffice department has denied
the use of the mails' to the League of
Educators, with headquarters in this city,
of which Davis is the agent, on the ground
of fraud. Davis declares that this action
w as taken because of his attempt to re
sist, efforts to make him pay tribute. The
receipt bears Barrett's letter head and
reads as follows: I -
I t is understood that in the event
no action Is taken by tho postoffice
department in the matter of the
League of Educators, Chicago, a fee
of $500, in monthly installments of
$50 each, is to be paid to Harrison J.
Barrett for professional services.
Harrison J. Barrett.
rhough it was very hard to win any ad
vantage over him, I succeeded in getting
his signature to two receipts one for a
?200 retainer fee. and the other to an
agreement that $500 w as to be paid him
in consideration of the postoffice depart
ment taking no further action in regard
to the league.
"This Lawyer Barrett w as formerly a
postoffice official and was therefore
closely in touch with the department.
"Nevertheless Barrett did not regain
the right to use the mails for men and
after the attempt to bribe me by deliver
ing $15,000 worth of mail, the order was
at last made out closing the mails. All
this month they had been hold up at the
Chicago postoffice without any order,
thereby breaking the federal statute which
states plainly that no man may be denied
the use of the mails without an order from
Manufacturing company of Springfield,
111.: R. P. Lukons 3270 Home street G.
E. Stillings, N ew York Life building and
J. L. Fulkerson. Hall building, all of Kan
sas City tlie North American Investment
company, the Woman's Magazine, Winner
building and G. H. Ten Broeck, Holland
"Michigan Investment Syndicate."
Benton Harbor. Mich.. March 27.J.
Mickels. proprietor of the Michigan In
vestment Syndicate, w as arrested here to
day by United States Depu ty Marshal
O'Donnell in company with United States
District Attorney Covell of Grand Rap
ids. Mickels has been-doing business here
since Dec. 1 last, selling by mail, securi
ties, lands, whisky, abstracts and what
ever else he could dispose of. His arrest
is- the result of an investigation of his
business by two postal inspectors. The
officers say they think Mickels is one of
a gang doing business all over the coun
try. The office of the Michigan Invest
ment Syndicate w as in a back room of
the Center block. - - . " ., -
Davis states that the conspiracy
and fraud in the department is more far
reaching than generally supposed and has
existed for six years, in which time he
avers that immense sums have been
squeezed from the victims.
"I do not believe General Tyner is in
volved in the conspiracy," says Davis,
"and I do not wish to cast reflections on
the Chicago authorities, whom I believe
to be honest. But many high officials,
whose names have not yet come to light,
are involved in this plot. There are two
or three lawyers in collusion with them.
Besides Barrett, there are two Washing
ton attorneys who work together. When
my trouble began, Attorney Edward A.
Oldham of Washington called on me and
Mr. R. W. Haynes, a lawyer In tho
Washington Loan and Trust building,
can adjust the matter Just.-as? you
I want it.:'- ..-'' ' - - - '.'''' '"
"Barrett, however, had the inside track,
as he was the nephew of General James
M. Tyner, recently removed. The post
office department actually sends out this
man's circulars to people for whom they
are about to make trouble. I received
one. They expect their victims to go to
this lawyer, and then they get their rake
off. The lawyer gets his fee and they get
a percentage of that. Then the victim has
to pay tribute right along to keep the
privilege of the mails.
"An investigation is always made, an
adverse report follows and this report is
held like a sword suspended over the vic
tim's ihead. When he stops payment, the
"I vowed that I would fight this battle
thi-ough and win the use of the mails.
When my mail was stopped and piled up
in the Chicago postoffice for a month, to
the amount of $15,000 the Washington of
ficials told me they would deliver the
whole amount to me and let me decamp
with the money if I would stop my efforts
to expose the gang who are fighting me.
I refused, and. have been shut out from the
mails ever since, but when this investiga
tion comes I shall receive justice.
"My mail was stopped Sept. 24 and I
went to Washington fcoon after to see the
officials and attempt to regain its use. I
saw Barrett, and made arrangemen ts with
HE HINTS AT, BRIBERY
S. W. Devore Says Things AV Rotten In
"Things are rotten in the? postoffice de
partment," said S. W. Devore this mor n
ing at the office of the Devore Diamond
company in the New. York Life building.
But the exact degree of decomposition
that Mr. Devore announces could not well
be specified in a family newspaper.
Tes, Mr. Devore had had distressing
experiences with the, postal authorities,
although no .''fraud order" had been issued
against him or agaiust the Devore Dia
mond company. It was issude against
i .that oompany'a predecessor the pontinecondition
Savings association. "We're the same old
concern," said Mr. Devore. "and we're
doing business at the same qld stand and
on the same old plan. The only difference
is that we are reorganized as a partner
"Our troubles with t'he department b e
gan eight years ago under Cleveland's ad
ministration. The legal advisor of the
department then was General Thomas,
who preceded General Tyner. Thomas'
representative or assistant w-as R. W.
Haynes, the attorney, mentioned in your
telegram to-day. Well, they threatened
to issue a fraud order against us. I went
to Washington and paid $1,000 to a certain
"It wouldn't be fair to give his name.
He arranged for my 'clearance,' that is,
that th3 fraud order wouldn't be issued.
Eight months afterwards we were threat
ened again. I wouldn't come down with
any more money, so the order was actual
ly issued. In talking with General Thom
as I once asked him to throw the whole
qeustion into the federal court up here
and let us learn our legal rights. 'No,'
he said. "I couldn't trust the courts.'
"After the order went into effect a re
ceiver was appointed, and,we did business
through the express companies until the
new company was started. But every
little while since then we've been threat
ened by Haynes' successor. George A. C.
Christiancy. They say now that he will
soon be fired. I've refused to give up any
i more cash. I have felt satisfied that my
competitors were willing to put up more
than I would and I haven't tried to buck
"T he root of all this scandal is in the
absurd provision that one man, whenever
he wishes, can stop the mail of any per
son, firm or company in the United States.
H e can dream that somebody's mail ought
to be stopped. No matterthey have no
recourse. The law was passed to catch
a whalethe New Orleans Louisiana Lot
tery company, and it has been used to
catch minnows. It was to keep out cer
tain foreign companies and certain con
cerns whose headquarters couldn't be lo
cated. It was never intended to interfere
with an established business run by men
that could be easily reached through the
TREATY IS IN A BAD WAY
The Cuban Senate's ProposedAmend
ment Is Likely to
- Havana, March 27.Advices have been
received here from the Cuban minister at
Washington, Senor Qucsada, to the effect
that the condition which the majority of
the Cuban senate committee recommends
attaching to the reciprocity treaty (that
its ratification by the United States con
gress must be completed before Dec. 1)
will certainly nullify the treaty.
Senor Bustamente. chairm an of the for
eign l'elations committee of the ?uba
senate, and Senators Capote and Dolse,
constituting a. majority of the committee
are. however, prepared to report in favor
of tire adoption of the United States
amendment s, while insisting that the
treaty shall not be effective unless it is
ratified before Dec. 1.
Senor -Tamayee, who was absent from
yesterday's - meeting" of the senate com
mittee on foreign relations, will present a
minority report against the treaty's rati
fication, and Senor Zayas, the remaining
member, says he will oppose the United
States sugar amendment.
Unless, the majority of the foreign rela
tions committee consents to change its
report before the session of the Cuban |
senate at 3 p, m. to-day the ratification
of the treaty Is considered hopeless.
FRIDAY EVENING MARCH 27, 1903. 24 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
The Cuban TreatySay, Will You Kindly Ratify Me on the Other Eye.
Havana, March 27.President Palma
had a two-hour conference at the palace
to-day with the entire foreign relations
committee of the Cuban senate, at which
every endeavor w as made to induce the
committee to eliminate the condition re
garding the limit of time in which the
reciprocity trea ty is to become effective.
The minority, however, persisted.
Of the three-majority senators, Senors
Capote.and Dolz. appeared willing to ratify
the treaty without the time limit condi
tion, provided Senor Bustamente, the
chairman, would consent, but the latter
was obdurate. .
President Palma and Senor Zalda, sec
retary of foreign affairs, offered to inform
the United.States government only that
the' treaty,:,w ould be ratified on the un
derstanding thai it would be operative by
the date desired, but Senor Bustamente
insisted that it should be made a legal
of acceptance* _ v jJfatH
THE MISER IS
Admiral Dewey Says the IT. S. Navy
Is Very Much All There
He Tells Why the American Jackie
Is a Whole Machine Shop
Special to The Journal.,
Washington, March 27.Admiral Dewey,
talking to-day about the German navy,
said that it could not cope with the wa r
ships of the United States.
"Your maneuve rs in southern waters
with forty warships must have been an
object lesson for Germany and England,"
was suggested to him.
"Forty!" exclaimed the admiral. "There
were ju st fifty-four vessels of all classes.
There w as no man /who was more wor
ried on account of the object Jess on -the
United States afforded this winter than
Emperor William. It is certainly realized
that Germany could not make a success
ful fight with our navy. -
"I have had ample opportunity for stud-
ying the German navy. The difference
between that navy and the United States
navy is that the men in the German navy
do not possess self-reliance. They depend
on the officers too much. Each man is
not an intelligent, thinking being in the
performance of his particular duties like
the personnel of our navy.
"A warship is a ponderous machine shop
ami the Americans are trained so that
each unit is an intelligent being, apply
ing himself, wh en in action, under the
general instructions of his superiors. If
every officer on an American ship was
killed, the men could and would go on
and fight to a victory."
BLAST FROM BRYAN
"Real Democracy and the Plutocracy
of the Cleveland Brand Will
Some Caustic Comment From the
Commoner on the "Harmony
Banquet" in Chicago.
Special to The Journal.
Lincoln. Neb., March 27,The "harmony
banquet" of the Iroquois club in Chi
cago inspired the following criticism by
Editor W. J. Bryan in the Commoner:
"The harmony banquet given by the
Chicago Iroquois club on the 16th inst. has
come and gone, and it was, as expected, a
demonstration in honor* of Grover Cleve
land. There were some persons at the
table who are in the habit of voting the
democratic ticket, but the general char
acter of the crowd was shown by the
fact that 'the guests climbed on their
chairs, waved their napkins and cheered,'
when Cleveland's name was mentioned.
"This illustrates the kind of 'harmony'
that is intended when those who believe
in democratic principles are invited to
meet at the banquet board the men who
still boast of their contribution to repub
lican campaigns and sta nd ready to re
peat their offense unless they are allowed
to republicanize the democratic party.
Such harmony is a farce and a fraud and
those who talk of it are either grossly
deceived themselves or intend to deceive
"Real democracy and the plutocracy of
the Cleveland brand will no more mix
than oil and water, and the Cleveland
element insists upon being the oil. It
insists on being on top if it is in the bar
rel at all. More water poured into such a
combination may help to raise the oil, but
the oil never helps to raise the water.
"Now that the harmony dinner has ar
ranged for a compromise that puts the
Cleveland forces in charge of the party,
why not have another harmony dinner and
arrange for such a compromise between
the republican and Cleveland democrats as
will keep the republicans" in power and
thus save all the worry and expense 'of a
campaign? If 'harmony' is all that we
j^, AadE let's have lota of IV
TheWashington Evening Star Starts'
,a Boom for the North-
One of the Latest Guesses at a Can
didate to Run With
The Booming Said to Be Under Way
Without Mr. Heatwole's
from The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build
Washington, March 27.Joel P. Heat
wole of Minnesota for vice president on
the republican ticket with Roosevelt next
That is the latest guess of political gos
sips in Washington and tho Evening Star
to-day publishes a story to the effect that
the boom for Mr. Heatwole will soon be
under way. It is pointed out here that
Mr. Heatwole is now laboring to sha"pe
matters so as to head the delegation from
Minnesota to the national convention next
year and be as prominent a figure in
northwest politics as to make himself
the willing choice of that section.
President Roosevelt had several long
conferences on political subjects with
Heatwole before the latter left Washing
ton at the close of congress, and it may be
said truthfully that he is impressed with
the nascent strength of the Heatwole
scheme for gaining control of the repub
lican machine in Minnesota.
Mr. Heatwole's experience in congress
will sta nd him in good stead should he
indeed be thinking of being a candidate
for vice president, while his social stand
ing here would be another good card in
I t is not known that Mr. Heatwole is
party to the booming that is now going on.
There may be nothing in the matter be
yond the desire of the political guessers
to work out the vice presidential situation
at as early a day as possible, but Heat
wole's connection with the latest guesses
will be of interest in Minnesota, neverthe
It is believed the president is anxious to
have second place on the ticket filled from
some state beyond the Mississippi. H e has
had an eye on California but thus far no
good candidate from that state has ap
peared except Senator Bard, whose te rm
in the senate will expire in two years and
who is not intending to try to come back.
The president is not committed to any
section or candidate and said to recent
visitors that it was not his intention to
attempt to control the choice of the con
vention. H e believes, however, that the
desirability of taking the vice president
from the great west will impress the
convention as it has impressed him.
W. W. Jermane.
A CAN. NORTHERN GAME
How Some of the Great Lakes
Traffic Will Go Through
Special to The Journal.
Montreal, March 27.The Canadian
Northern this year will divert much of
the traffic that for years has gone via
N ew York to the Canadian channel. That
road heretofore ma.de Duluth its port and
thence the grain was taken to Buffalo and
on to N ew York. This year, however, the
Canadian Northern will carry Its freight
to Port Arthur.
There it will be sent by Canada-Atlantic
lake steamboats to Parry Sound, thence
by the Canada-Atlantic to Ha.wkesbury,
where cars will take the grain to Quebec
Special arrangemen ts have been made
with the Leyland line to carry the grain
to Europe. Considerable trade from Du
luth will aUro he brought over the. above
route by the Canadian Northern and con
^Ipastiax liae*t ,
TRYING T O HELP
OU R MORO , FRIENDS
An Interesting Letter From Captain Pershing
Regarding His Attempts to Establish Mu
tual Confidences and Fraternal
The Spaniards Had Baptized Some of Them by Force and They Were
"Sore" at the Ways of White PeopleThe Question of Slavery
Not Understood by the United States YetThe Country Is Simi-
lar to That of the Mohawk Valley and Is Capable of Great Things
From an Agricultural StandpointThe Natives Are Industrious
and Have Splendid Rice Fields.
Manila, March 27.Two companies of
Macabebe scouts signally defeated the
main body of San Miguel's force to-day.
It is believed that San Miguel was killed.
Lieutenant Reese w as seriously wounded.
The scouts lost three men killed and had
eleven men wounded.
Washington, March 27.Captain John
J. Pershing, Fifteenth infantry, who has
been in command in the Moro country,
has written a letter .under date of Camp
Vickers, Jan.' 28, to a personal friend in
the war department, in which he gives in
detail many interesting facts in connec
tion with the disturbances in Mindanao.
Captain Pershing says that after he was
placed in charge of Moro affairs by Gen
eral Davis because he (Pershing) appar
ently could get along with them, he
worked on the theory that it is necessary
to establish mutu al confidence between
the Moros and the United States "if we
are to govern them without a lot of
trouble." H e endeavored to demonstrate
to them that the United States was their
friend, having no desire to carry them
off into slavery or to take anything be
longing to them without paying for it.
This, he writes, is all contrary to what
they have been accustomed to in the past.
The Spaniards and the Moros could
not get along together well. The Mo
ros were very jealous of their re
ligion and the Spaniards tried to
civilize them by seizing and baptizing
some of them.
There are atrocities committed on both
sides as a result of these differences.
Captain Pershing says that the Moros
do not realize any other kind of a gov
ernment than a one man power. H e says
he has been able to keep all the promises
he has made which has enabled him to be
more successful in command of that dis
trict. They regard him as representing
the president"of America and are somer
what uneasy- as to. what his successor^wijh
3uv *-' ''"'.' :&'"".-"'!',. :- ti?"^.,i ..-,,- /'._&
I ly connected with their religion and is
something of a vassalage or serfdum
and not slavery as known in this
IN FINLAND NOW
Dr. Renter Makes a Tour and Finds
Everybody With Sufficient
''Famine Bread" Hard to Find
Deaths From Starvation
St. Petersburg, March 27.Dr. Jelius
N. Reuter, a lecturer of the University of
Helsingfors, who was detailed by the
Finnish national relief committee to make
a tour of Finland, positively denies that
his party either found or heard of any
parish where there are 5,000 destitute
persons, as has been stated.
During the whole trip Dr. Reuter was
only able to procure one bit of "hunger
bread," which w as composed of flour
made from green grain mixed with bark,
and even this loaf had been preserved
since the early part of the winter, before
the relief committee was able to extend
its operations to cottages in out-of-the
Dr. Reuter and his party visited fifty
poor cottages and found In every one of
them plenty of bread and supplies of
Dr. Reuter adds that there would have
been untold suffering but for the assist
ance of the committee which w as so large
ly helped by American funds.
The committee now has branches in
every village and parish and every case
of suffering discovered is carefully at
tended to. Potatoes and milk are scarce,
but the committee supplies sufficient
bread, peas and salt fish, carefully avoid
ing making the people more comfortable
than in ordinary years, and exacting labor
in payment of its help whenever possible,
so as to avoid pauperizing the people.
As to the stories of deaths from famine.
Dr. Reuter adds no such happenings have
been reported anywhere.
FIGHTING THE TREATY
The Columbian Congress May Yet
Overturn the Whole Year's
Hew York Sun Special Service.
Washington, March. 27.Disquieting re
ports have reached Washington concern
ing the Panama canal treaty in the Co
lombian congress. It is learned beyond
doubt that the two last ministers from Co
lombia to the United States. Dr. Concha
and Dr. Silna, are now in Bogota laying
plans, to defeat the treaty:
A PLACE FOR BROWN
Former Superintendent of State Training
. - School,Accepts a Similar Position In
Special to the Journal. - - .
Red Wing, Minn., March 27.J. W.
Brown, formerly superintendent of the
Minnesota state training school, has ac
cepted the- position of" superintendent of
the North Dakota reform school at Man
i ' - CHOLERA AT DAMASCUS^
Jerusalem, March 27.Cholera has reappeared
at ''D&niaaciw. The German crown prince, Fred
erick William, -and his brother. Prince Bitel,
have abandoned tneir prejtojed *tolt to tke Hoi/
I country. H e thinks it is a subject
I that should remain untouched until it
| is understood better.
The Moros, he writes, should have a
government which they can understand,
and it should be the policy of the United,
States to let it alone, but to make each
sultan and datto responsible for the acta
of his people.
"We cannot afford," he says, "to tear
down the established form of government
without giving them something better and
I fear it will be a long time before this
can be done."
The'Maciu campaigns have had a con
vincing effect as to the impossibility of
any natives escaping punishme nt when,
they commit depredations. Captain
Pershing says the Moros have some ad
mirable trai ts of character. "Once a
friend, they will go the limit for you."
They are industrious and have splendid
rice fields and other agricultural crops.
The country is capable of great things
from a/i agricultural standpoint. The
country is somewhat like the Mohawk val
ley, and the whole district can be com
pared to that about Lake George.
Captain Pershing says that he believes
the troops could march around the lake
now and be received in a friendly spirit
everywhere except at Bacolod.
H e has a number of reliable secret
service Moros and they inform him of the
conditions and feeling amo ng their coun
H e says there are about 75.000 peo
ple that live in that region and they
are in a fair way to become real
friends. H e says this Is an achieve
ment he would be proud of and is al
most ready to promise it, adding:
"Though we may encounter some old
hardheaded savage do whom we shall
have to administer a-severe lessrm in
order to teach him and others tvhat
j we can do."
Captain Pershing, in conclusion, says it
is the most interesting work he has had m
the army and he.hopes to remain and he
peTmrtie*! H:-."'risHJk-: out 'the' problem:-. H e
thinks that a military government for a
long time to come is the only one for the
TO BE LETIN
The Sorrowful, hut Amusing Story
Told Before the Arkansas
The Ex-Mayor of Hot Springs, Inter
ested in 75 Slot Machines, Tells
of His Trouhles.
New York Sun Special Service.
Little Rock, Ark., March 27.The im
peachment trial of Chancellor Iceland
Leatherm an begun before the Arkansas
senate yesterday. Chief Justice H. G.
Bu nn of the supreme court is presiding.
Thirty-nine witnesses for the state were'
Ex-Mayor W. W. Waters of Hot Springs
w as the only witness examined. Mr. Wa
ters testified that he w as interested in the
Garland Novelty company, which operated,
seventy-five slot machines in Hot Springs.
H e admitted that they were gambling ma
chines and operated in violation of law.
He had indorsed notes for Judge Leather
man several times, and in each instance
had to take up the paper. Judge Leathe r
man had claimed that the slot Jnachines
were being operated in violation of law
and that it rested with him as to whether
they might run. The judge said he had
spent much money runni ng for office, and
he thought he ought to have some of the
"perquisites."' Waters put him off from,
time to time. . ,
Being pressed by the judge to "declare
him in" on the profits of tho slot ma
chines. Waters said he finally agreed to
pay him ?30 a week lfush money. This
amount was usually paid in checks.
The checks were here exhibited.
Waters also testified that the chancellor
was habitually drunk.
A CREVASSE NEAR LUCY
: '_ - ", y ' &
Special Train Hurries to
Scene With Men and .
New Orleans, March 27.^-With th
water roaring through the" break and
spreading over a wide area of country,
the ends of the crevasse near Lucy wore
reported this morning to be slowly crumb
ling. Lumber w as scarce at the scena
wh en the levee gave way, but a special
train over the Texas & Pacific got away
before daylight with a large consignment
of material, and planters have arrived
from all sections. The crevasse occurred
in a bend of the river, and that will add
to the difficulties of the work of repair.
Several square miles of territory have al
ready been overflowed. The flood will
find its way to the gulf through Lake
Salvador, Bayou Barataria, Little lake and
other streams. . Sugar is cultivated in tha
three parishes and there is a considerable
area devoted to truck farming.
Oyster beds are likely to suffer, but
there is absolutely no danger of loss of
Special to The Journal.
^'anhington, March 27.Secretary Hitchcock
has ordered patented to the state of Minnesota
list No. 7 of the school indemnity sections,
embracing 32,031 acres in the Crookston dl*
: . . .. - . '- SSS!
LAND FOR THE STATE.