Newspaper Page Text
no doubt satisfied now that, so far as
the Monroe doctrine could be applied to
the Venezuelan incident, it was applied.
He perceived that there is a limit to the
coercive collection of debts, and he was
strongly reminded of those limitations by
our government and abstained from oc
cupying any territory and abruptly ended
the shelling process, under the pressure
of American influence looking to the or
derly adjustment of the foreign claims on
the Venezuelan government. The con
gress of the United States concurrently
ahowr its sympathy with the president's
view the semper paratus principle by
rdeiing three battleships of 16,000 tons
each and two of 13,000 tons each to be
added to our heavy naval armament, so
keeping our place among: the nations in
naval construction. "We stand third in
tonnage, exceeding that of Germany by
over 95,000 tons, France stands second,
and Great Britain first.
President Roosevelt, for apparently very
good reasons, declined the kaiser's invita
tion to send our North Atlantic squadron
to participate in the German naval re
view at Kiel. This has caused ill-feeling
In - Germany, but certainly we are not
Obliged to consult Germany's wishes in
everything we do* especially as that gov
ernment, with lqud professions of ardent
friendship, countenances the blatant hos
tilitv of the German press, which for
scurrility has no equal in Europe.
Our fellow citizens of the .German
Amerlcan alliance really should not be
so ready to figure as the champions of
Germany's interests. In their resolutions
they charge Dewey with exploiting his
prejudicessocial prejudices they put it
against Germans. This is unworthy the
intelligence and patriotism of the alliance
member*. There exists no such social
prejudice. It would, Indeed, be better if
the American citizens of German origin
'would call themselves Americans, without
any special European nationality prefix.
W e are all American citizens and should
be bound irrevocably and indivisibly to
purely American interests.
t fir- i4F
The yacht Reliance, which may be tha
defender of the cup this year, has a Scan
dinavian-American crew, and they will try
just as hard to keep the stars and stripes
in front as a crew of Yankees.
The University Soldiers' Monument.
Some facts are presented in another
column to-day with regard to the effort
that has been made to erect a monument
on the campus to the university soldiers
of the Spanish-American war. The project
is most commendable and deserves the
support of the graduates and all students
Hf of the university.
It Is proposed to raise only $5,000, and
surely" the students and graduates can
easily produce that amount. It wouldn't
f amount to a dollar apiece, for* those who
have been students since the War began.
There were 214 students enlisted la'va
gave their lives either on the, field or in
the hospital. All offered their lives to
their country, and the monument is a
very modest and appropriate testimonial
to the men, living and dead, who, by- their
willing response to their country's calT.
have reflected great honor upon the uni
versity and upon her whole body of stu
dents. It is to hs hoped that Professor
Hay-tea will not be permitted to struggle
^fi^t^R* - ^ M&p-Hp.*^
___SCBIPTXO SAXES BY XAJt
One month ....*............**'?
fitturday Bre. edition, 20 to 28 pages
* DeUrered by Ckrrl_r.v
One week -... * =m**-i
One month W -*-
All papers are continued until an explicit order
Is teceired Cor discontinuance, and until all ar
rearages are paid.
THM JOURNAL Is pabllahed erery evenlo*.
xcept Sunday, at 4749 Fourth Street South,
Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
/-New York Ottie*.
M. LEE STARKB, J Tribune Bulldlh*.
Her. General Ads. 1 ChlcaKO Office,
* I. Tribune Building.
W. \V. JBKMANB, c Washington Office.
Representative. t 45 Post Building.
AN INVITATION Is extended to all to rlslt
the Press Room, which Is the finest In the west.
The battery of presses consists of three four-dec*
Qosa Presses with a total capacity of 1_*._0_
eight-page Journals an hour, printed, folded
and counted. The best time to call Is from S'lo
to 4:30 p. m. Inquire at the business office and
be directed to the visitors' gallery of the press
The Journal, (six issues per
week) carried over
more advertising during 1903
than any other Minneapolis paper,
daily and Sunday issuescombined.
The Dewey Incident.
The German-American Alliance of
America of Pennsylvania * yesterday
adopted resolutions severely condemning
Admiral Dewey for his remark that the
Caribbean sea maneuvers were "an object
lesson to the kaiser more than to any
While in his capacity of admiral of the
American navy, it was in exceedingly bad
taste and really very foolish for Dewey to^
make such remark everybody knows,
from the president down to the humblest
citizen who notices current events, that
the observation was true. It is not al
ways advisable, however, to volunteer the
utterance of blunt truth, especially when
there is no occasion for it
Our German fellow citizens are very
sensitive, but they should recall that,
during the year past our own country has
been the object of most bitter and hos
tile comment on the part of the German
press, prominent statesmen and army and
naval officers. Since Dewey's interview,
the Beilin press has exceeded the bounds
of propriety m rank and offensive abuse
of Dewey and our country generally, and
our navy In particular. In Germany such
free comments by the press must be taken
asapproved by the kaiser, since he, if
he wanted to, could easily apply the press
The Venezuelan affair was. on, the part
Of Germany, a test -of Ameiican fealty
^o the Monroe doctrine. The kaiser is
J. S. McLAIN,
TZ . 1* .' L f
along with "this effort to a possible or par
tial failure, but that he may be encour
aged by a speedy^response in such gener
ous measure that the undertaking may be
accounted a success and the work of mak
ing and erecting the monum en,,Csan-
nienced at once. , ^ f *
i - '.. . *.-.y - , V " i '*
can provt this-
*count that day lost in which they, do npt
bring: Jot-ward some new' Irrigation projects
Between private enterprise and govern
ment work, these new irrigation canals
will work great changes in the west In the
next ten years.
Which Is Better for the Bailways?
With a fair prospect that the new Elkins
law is going to enforce equality of all
shippers before the "transportation com
panies, railway managers will have a
chance to revise their theories regarding
the relative merits of the big and little
shippers, of one shipper as against many.
For the la3t thirty-five years the policy
of American railways has been to encour
age the big shipper. This policy has been
partly the result of circumstances and
partly of choice. John D. Rockefeller was
one of the earliest exponents of the big
shipper theory, and made it the basis of
his demand and attainment of those fa
vorable railway rates which are at the
foundation ot the immense standard Oil
But even at the moment of Mr. Rocke
feller's victory, not all railway men -be-
lieved that it was better for the railways
to have one than many shippers. One
of these men was Colonel Potts, presi
dent of the Empire Transportation com
pany, which handled the Pennsylvania's
oil business. In McClure's for March Miss
Tarbell quotes Colonel Potts' views of this
question, views which dominated the
Pennsylvania's policy until the disasters
of the strikes of 1877 compelled it to bend
the knee to the Standard. Colonel Potts
helo that, with the same quantity of
freight, it were better to have 100 ship
pers than one. The one shipper would
have too much power over the railway,
and his shipments would not be so regular
in volume as those of the hundred, be
cause there would always be varying opin
ions among them as to the state of the
A is generally agreed that the effect of
the rebate is to reduce the number of
shippers through its tendency to drive
out of business shippers who are not able
to get it. If that is true, other things be
ing equal, level railway rates bin? re
stored, competition in many lines will be
encouraged, ana the rail-ways w m have
a chance to see for themselves whether
their true interests are with the many
instead of few. If a fair trial convinces
them that such is the case, theie will be
little prospect that rebate-granting will be
restored in this country, law or no law.
The treasury bureau of statistics reports
that for the fiscal year American imports
are likely to reach $1,000,000,000. The
"favorable balance of trade" is slowly de
creasing, but then we are beginning to
change our views as to what constitutes a
favorable balance of trade.
President Hadley of Yale thinks the
Yale graduate is not averse to Tioldmg
public office. Very few college graduates
are the trouble is that they don't take
an active part in practical politics. Say
what "you will, there is much foundation
for the complaint of Governor Pardee of
California that college men do not Serve
the state so well as they should.
A-New Railway Building Age. -
The world seems to be in another era
of extensive railway building. In 1302
5,684 miles of main line rails were laid
in the United States and 2,000 miles^ were
graded. The Railway Age calculates
that fc,505 miles of railway are now in
process of construction, and that there are%
2,780 miles of live projects. It would not
be surprising, therefore, if the eno of
1903 should find the United States with
at least 8,000 miles of new line to add
to'the 205,009 it now has.
Canada is also to be the scene of some
extensive railway building in the" near
future, if rot this year. The Canadian
Northern is vet to be built to the Pacific
coast, and there are the Grand Trunk and
Trans-Canada projects. It is not like
ly that all three of these lines will
be built, but one and, perhaps, two new
transcontlnentals will be built within the
next ten years, if times remain good.
With its great extent of unoccupied coun
try as yet untouched by railways, it seems
probable that within a few years Canada
will* take the place the United States has
sg Jong held as thes
builders among the nations, though- the
need of new lines In this country on ac
count of the great increase in population
and business may for some years yet
offset thje facilthat'the Canadian develop
ment is just beginning.
Russian Siberia seems, too, to be just
at the ^ejglnnirig of an era of extensive
railway construction. The completion of
of^tha'arRf stated seem to
* ' "Immune" Flax.
The report that the agricultural depart
ment has- discovered a, .species of flax
that resists the flax wilt fungus is one
that will arouse great interest in the
northwest. Professor Bolley's great work
at the North Dakota experiment station
proved that flax wilt was due to a fungus,
and demonstrated that flax is not a crop
that is especially exhaustive of soil fer
tility. If now we are to have a species of
flax that is Immune to the fungus, flax
raising in the northwest, and, indeed,
throughout the country, will be put on a
new basis. Notwithstanding the fungus,
flax can be successfully grown even on
"flax-sick" land at long intervals, but the
period of rotation is too great to make it
indefinitely an important crop. But with
a plant that is immune to the fungus the
crop may be as steadily grown as wheat,
and the yield may be increased from year
to year in such a state as North Dakota.
This news about flax is as interesting to
the Canadian northwest as to the north
western states, because the list of crops
that can be profitably grown there is
smaller than with us, and to have to
eliminate such a profitable crop as flax
would be a great misfortune. -
Of course, it is a little early to do much
rejoicing over the reported discovery, but
if it shall turn out later that ah'lrtfitfune
species of flax, has really been, discovered
by the agricultural department, if. would
not be too much to say that that single
discovery is well worth the $5,000,000 a
year the government spends on the de
greate~_ of railway
the Trans-Siberian line has merely opened
the way for much more mileage. Among
the ne lines discussed are one connect
ing the Tra%isbalkal and Manchurian lines,
a road around Lake Baikal, a line from
the Main Asiatic to the Great Siberian
line and several others. V
While the United States a^ ia wboje
built more railways last year tnanm any
year since 1888, and will build much more
this year, the northwest does not seem
to be getting its share". "With the new
"Soo" extension in Minnesota, there are
only 800 miles in prospect as against 5,000
for the southwestern and 2,000 for the
southern states. The "Soo" extension will
be by far the most important in the north
A Great Institution.
Attention Is called to the pages devoted
to the Chamber of Commerce and its new
building in this edition.
The chamber has been a great factor In
Minneapolis' growth, and the city is proud
of it. The new building adequately houses
a splendid institution. The members of
the Chamber of Commerce include a large
portion of the city's representative men.
It is a pleasure to be able to call the at
tention of the public to them and their
In this month of March 74,000 European
emigrants will be added to our popula
tion. This is 20,000 more than came in
March, 1902. If this increase should keep
up through the year the immigration for
1903 will amount to about 1,000,000. Each
of these immigrants now has to pay a
tax of $2, and the law governing the ex
clusion^ of the unfit_ is much stricter than
formerly. While no test as to literacy is
provided, the immigrants must be in good
mental and bodily health, of good morals,
and without anarchistic sympathies. A
.million a year seems like an Immense
'mass of humanity to digest, but they are
hardly noticed among 84,000,000. The lm-
- migration into Canada is also increasing.
It is expected that this year 120,000 new
settlers will come from Europe, and, per
haps, '80,000 from the United States,
though 50,000 is likely to be nearer the
fact. But 200,0000 people are a far greater
proportion of Canada's 6,000,000 than
1,000,000 are of America's 84,000,000.
However much ill feeling there may be
between the United States and Germany,
there is no doubt that Americans admire
and respect the German people. In many
respects they Seem industrially to be foe
men worthier of our steel than any other
nation. Germ an organization, patience,
energy and persistence elicit our warmest
praise. The Germans are a people who
achieve, and as a people who have *ee
doing a few things ourselves we cannot
help liking them, even though the inter
ests of the two nations seem to clash. A
current consular report tells of a German
achievement that is typical of German
progress in many lines. Through the
adoption of scientific methods the potato
yield m Germany has been increased 38
per cent per hectare in ten years'.
AT THE THEATERS
MetropolitanOpera Singers In Concert
It was a great pleasure to hear the prin
cipals of the Castle Square Opera com
pany in concert last evening, without the
glamour of traditional heroes and heroines.
Miss Du Fre was indisposed but the an
nouncement that Miss Albright and Miss
Ivell would shing in her place somewhat
lelieved the disappointment.
Rossini's "Stabat Mater" was given as
the first part of the program, while se
lected numbers, both sacred and secular,
formed the second part. The chorus was
an entire disappointment, the voices were
not well-balanced, the male parts beins?
much too heavy. This might have been
overlooked had their work been clear and
clean-cut. The "Amen" chorus, affording
such great opportunities, was remarkable
chiefly for the ingenious individual meth
ods for marking time. The familiar mel
ody, "Thriugh His*Bleedin Side," sung
by Mr. Sheehan, was very effective and
earned him three recalls. Miss Renny
son and Miss Ivell, who took Miss Du
Fre's part, rendered "Where's the CoH
Heart" with good feeling and, considering
the circumstances, the florid work was
very well-handled. Although Mr. Goff's
voice is very agreeable, his lack of color
and martial vigor in the solo, "For His
People," was ruinous Miss Ivell was
well liked in her solo, "Oh! Endow Me!"
The beauty of her voice is very winning
but it is apparent that lMss Ivell has
much to learn in the art of vocal expres
sion. Miss Norwood received unstinted
applause after her solo with the chorus,
"In Thy Holy Care." The quarets for
the most part were well given.
The orchestra selection, "The Dances
of the Hours," by Ponchielli .fully demon
strated Mr. Emmanuel's ability as director
and the excellence of his organization.
Mr. Boyle was obliged t6 repeat the Mo
zart solo, "Who Treads the Paths of
DUty." Miss Albright sang Gounod's
"There Is a Green* Hill' Far Away " with
affecting pathos. This interpretation
seemed to please the audience, however,
and-she responded "to the encbre. -Mr.
Gherardi rendered the Romance from
"Gracinda" excellently and was enthusi
astically encored. Both Miss Rennyson
and Mr. Carrier were deservedly ap
plauded. The program closed With the
sextet from "Lucia" Miss Rennyson,
owing to the sudden illness of Miss Nor
wood, .obligingly took the soprano part.
The number was not all that had been an
Bijou-"A Ragged Hero."
The first spring blossom appeared yes
terday at the Biiou, when Wiihe Wild
flower shuffled into view In the title part
of the "Ragged Hero " It was the same
tattered, hungry bunch of verdant green
ness that amused the lower house .nd
roused the upper gallery to a state bor
dering on insanity, while the balcony tit
tered and sniffled intermittently.
The play is the same as was presented
last year, but with changes in. the cast.
John S. Wallace as the ungrateful son
who wasted his inheritance and tried all
manner of villainous schejnes to gain jnore
money, succeeded in 'gaining only hisses
from the house and the gallows fYpm jus
ticeat least thas is what one supposes
he got when led out In the last act. The
part could have been better takenit
might also have been worsebut^as long
aS he discharged the onerous duties of a
villain as a villain Is supposed to be, ho
is to be commended for his work. Bob
Forrest, the persecuted step-brother, was
only passable as played by J. Phillip
Smith. Two small bits of character work
by Frank Ball, as the hostler, and Mark
Webster ,as Teddy O'Toole, \he^ jailer,
were both amusing and very well done.
TJie feminine roles were excellent with
the exception of that of Stella WiMfiower,
Willie's sister, the downfall of_ whom,
caused by Floyd Preston, the stepbrother,
was responsible for Willie's departure
from the path of sobriety, which was
weakly presented both in voice and action
by Hattie Fielding, who may have had in
mind the idea, she was in a tpantomime
"The Hagged Hero" Is full* of oppor
tunity for -the- gallery to exercise its
lungs and no chance was let go to take
advantage of this right. When Willje
Wildflower in the second act rescues the
inevitable, small child of modern melo
drama from the second Story of a burning
building by means of a running high
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAU.
tniThe" Nonpareil Man.
PJ -,i Casually Observed. ,
^/'JBhevWaw^rft-w^ch,Colonel"Watterson has been handing out the raps to his
democratic frie^, *|jjrsj#n, ^fehows that they can never be anything to each other
EX-tiOvernotf^StOTieof Missouri favors a democratic policy of forgetting silver
as gently an quietly as possible. Nebraska knows it can't be clone. Silver will
have to die a^lofehT death.
' While Miss Mayme Hopkins was entertaining the chafing dish exploded, seri-
ously spraining Miss E. Ellen Pyrkins' straight front corset.
The new riecktieTiaVto have a microscope along to see itself.
A new song, "Her Sweetheart Was Boloed in Samar," is devastating the east.
i We have 3us,t had instructions about fixing up the sweet pea trench. You dig
a Panama canal, no matter i you do have a backache, fill it up a way with fertil-
izer, place nine inches of earth on top of this anil carefully lay in the seeds with
type-written letter of instructions to each seed, entitled "Six Easy Lessons on
Sprouting, or the Seed's Best Friend." Then you replace the earth and sit down on
the bank to watch f6*r the sprouts. If they do not appear in twenty minutes, it's
The Alcester, S. D., Union tells a sorrowful story of a young man named
Mahar, who came~there from that indefinite place known as "out of town." He
thoughtlessly visited the places licensed for the sale of liquid damnation and., in
the expressive language of the fields and of the prairies, proceeded "to.get a bun
on." There was a revival of religion in the town at the time and the farmers had
driven in and hitched their teams all up and down Main street. Mahar's heart
was filled with compassion at the sight of so many horses tied to hitching posts
along the sidewalk, knowing that these horses must be tired'frdm standing there
so long without fodder. He proposed to befriend them by releasing them from
captivity and letting them fly home, or anywhere else they chose. He whipped out
his jack knife and cut lines and tie straps as fast as he could. Horses are quick
to know when they are free. The street was soon full of a mixed up mess of car-
nages, wagons, buggies, frightened horses and angry men, making Main street
an animated thoroughfare. The Ludwig boys' horses ran away, tore the top off the
buggy, and did-themselves much damage, and Jack Cole's mules went through the
crowd like a bunch of Mosby's guerrillas through a Kansas settlement.
The sheriff now holds Mr. Mahar's person, and the man is likely to spend
some time in retirement, unless he has friends to raise the assessment of $100
levied by Judge Foster on the alleged ground of pernicious assininity superinduced
by alcoholic stimulation.
Editor Wells of the Litchfield, TjL D., Bulletin, recalls an interesting society
event at Bismarck "way back in 1903. It was a legislative function. There at the
table in all the dignity of colored waiter clothes, with stiff white shirt fronts much
in evidence, "sat President Mike De la Bere, together with Governor White, the
state officials and a hundred hungry and thirsty editors, not to say anything of
the ladiesGod bless 'em! Beef broth .masquerading under a French nom de plume
was served in tea cups. Everybody watched Mike for rules of the game. When he
added cream and-sugar to his soup e\ery mother's son of us followed suit. If the
plans and specifications called for sugar and cream, Why, we stood pat."
It is also said by Editor Wells that when he saw their predicament Governor
White, like the gentleman that he is, creamed and sugared his bouillon to save the
editonal guests embarrassment.
swing, one could not hut feel it would help
some, if the management would provide
rubbei heels and soles for the upper gal
ler j, and ear muffs for the rest of tlt^
house. The cescue itself is one of the
cleverest bits of stage work. In the third
act Bob's sweetheart, a vivacious country
maiden well played by Julia West, saves
Bob from hanging by a dash down an icy
hill_on a bobsled bunging the governor's
repFieve just m time. Gertrude Swiggett
enacts a country girl of th~e Sis Hopkins
type in a way which was most amusing.
The play itself evidently is intended to
emphasize the fact that murder will out
and,that honesty is the best policy. As
such it'rerforms its mission and does not
send the small boy forth with any idea
that anything is to be gained by wrong
doing. It is melodramatic but not mellow.
" J. S. Lawrence. ,
The last -week of the grand, opera sea
son by the
L. this city will 'open at the Metropolitan
to-night with* the 'pWsentation of "Car
men " The title role will be sung by Miss
Ivell, Mr. Oherardi will be the Don Jose,
Mr. Carrier the Escamillo, Mr. Boyle the
Zumga, Mr. Fulton the Morales, Mis'?
Ramey the Frasquita and Miss Rennyson
will appear as Michaela. This* opra wijl
will appear as Michaela. This opera will
evening and at the Wednesday matinee.
"Tannhauser" will be the offering for
Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday evenings
and at the matinee Saturday. The ad
vance sale has been large and the week
will undoubtedly be a great success.
Marguenta Sylva will lend her dainty
bisque-like presence to "The Strollers''
at the Metropolitan next week, a pretty
musical play seen here for the first time
last season, This is Miss Sylva's first es
say in musical comedy as she has hither-
t6 be associated with roles on the ro
At the Lyceum last night the Ferris
Stock company opened their week of Tol
stoy's great play "Resurrection," to one
of the largest audiences of the season. The
play will be reviewed in this column to
morrow Next week the company will
present Harriet Beecher Stowe's master
piece, "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
At the Bijou riext week that jolly fun
maker, Billy B. Van. assisted by merry,
winsome Nellie O'Neil, and a big company
of selected fun-makers, singers and dan
cers will present the newest success in
farce comedies, "Bolivar's Busy Dav."
air and. sunshine are as essential to a
human being as thev are to, a
TO KEEP YOUNG
Los Angeles Herald.
Never neglect your daily exercise. A
brisk walk for a couple of miles in the
fresh morning air or a four or Ave mile
bicycle ride is one of the first essentials.
Plain, nourishing food and abundance
of good, ripe fruit is another. Fruit is
best eaten in the morning. Bananas are
easy of digestion to some and very nutri
tious grapes are nourishing and fatten
ing, apples are Especially good for brain
workers, and oianges are of great benefit
to people afflicted with rheumatism.
Personal cleanliness is the next essential
in keeping voung. A daily bath and a
good rub will clear the complexion faster
Have plenty of fresh air in your living
and sleeping rooms. Leave your bed
room window open from the top several
inches every night, no matter how cold
the weather Have your bed covering
warm and light.
Be sure to anange your bedding and
bed so that they may be thoroughly
aired. Leave the window open in your
bedroom for the greater part of the day.
In your living room ventilation is also
necessar5% and sunshine, too
Poor ventilation is accountable for much
Avoid tight* clothingcorsets, garters,
sleeves, armholes, collars%rid Waistbands.
Tight clothing disturbs the .circulation of
the blood and i1*
enlarged veins, flushing, etc
Eight hours' _ sleep is absoluteljr
quired to rest the brain.
COUNTRY OF TWENTY-EIGHT LAN-
- --" j IMAGES.
U *' Leslie's Weekly. 3
Language and religion were never more
awkward factors than in India. Twenty
eight languages, f re spoken in the depen
dency which settti'QUt its princes to do
homage to Kihg lg#ward at the corona
tion, and hone or these is spoken by
fewer thah 4WM, while the most gen
eral is* 'the 'pother tongue of 8fc,500j000.
There are, in, the remotest parts of the
country, dialects spoken, by .half a thou
sand people Which none -others than
themselves can interpret. Vastly impor
tant also" to a governing body are the re
ligious tenets of the people pver whom it
iswsef. Indja has pine great creeds, num
bering among their followers from the
205,000,1000 of Hindoos down to
O&fc wf AnhiisMj|s in,d-\the i&fcutauftablo
Secl3 included in the 43,000 "others."
,. * -$$$ '
in children, deformity. Fresh
the cause of. red noses,
$ S S $
- $ $ * S
$ $ 3 $ S
s the 9,350,-
THE PUBLIC EXAMINER.
Granite Falls JournalThe railroads
aire "foa-olt of the hill before the legislatui e
that proposes to take away from the pub
lic examiner the right to look after the
gross earnings of the railroads, and there
fore the bill should be killed dead.
Hancock RecorderA good many papers
of the state, among them the Record, sug
gested that it might be as well to not
judge Babcock as the "railroad speaker"
of the house until the results became ap
parent. In view of the fight being'made
on Public Examiner Johnson by Bab
cock's appointive railroad committee it is
useless to wait longer. It will be remem
bered that the railroads made full (?) re
port of gross earnings in order that the
state might collect the gross tax. Nev
ertheless Examiner Johnson has already
collected about |100,000 of back taxes
which the railroads had dodged. Now it
as proposed to take away Johnson's power
to bring them ,to time and giye it to the
especial friend! of the railroadsthe tate
there will be some lively explaining done
by some state solons in the next cam
Wadena Pioneer Journal: Public Ex
aminer Samuel Ti Johnson discovered the
past year that the railroads had not been
making correct returns of their gross
earnings tax, and that there was due the
state over $200,000 from this source. Over
$100,000 jias already been paid into the
state treasury. As a consequence the rail
Mr. Johnson, and orders have been issued
Mr. oJhnson and orders have been issued
to kill him off.
Taylors Falls JournalThe fight on
Public Examiner Johnson gets warmer,
as the session advances, and it looks as
though it was the man and not the office
the legislators are after. Much good work
has come from the office recently, and the
probabilities are that if any change is
made more money will be given soon
to secure better work.
Elbow Lake TribuneSeveral* narrow
minded, 2x4 legislators aie trying to take
away some of the powers and fees of
Public Examiner Johnson because he has
rendered valuable services to the state
in collecting a large amount of back taxes
from railroads The constituents of these
individuals should keep a close watch of
those individuals and see that they don't
break into the legislature again. Their
services can easily be dispensed with. A
man like Johnson can't be given too much
power and earns all the fees he gets
Adrian GuardianThe Guardian is in
receipt of a communication from our rep
resentative, George W. Wilson, enclosing
a copy of H F. No. 398, the bill which has
called out so much unfavorable criticism
It was received too late to be printed this
week, but it really matters little how it
reads so long as it contains the following
Sec 2. All acts or paits of acts conferring
anv of the powei* and duties herein given t^ the
railroad and warehouse couunlssloii to auj other
state officer are hcrebv repealed.
It is over this section, which takes awav
from the public examiner the right to in
spect the railway tax returns that the
fight has raged. The public examiner has
it is claimed, turned into tlje state tieas-
ury largs sums, lunning in the aggregate . .. ,.,,,
into six figures, which would have been
lost to the state had he not possessed the
authority of which this bill would depirvel
him. Mr. Wilson's constituents want to havejn^ mind
know why a public officer should not be
permitted to continue the good work he
Faumont News.To a rtan up a ty-ee it
looks as though the raihoad commission
ers were jealous of the public examiner.
WOMEN WEARING BOYS' SHOES.
\ind proportionately less of women's. What
is the reason? Well, really, I cannot say,
excepting it is a fad. A$ a matter of
fact, 1 know that the boys' shoes are not
really as comfortable, for they cannot be
gotten to fit as perfectly as those designed
for women's feet, and more than one of
my fair customers complain of blisters
and "calloused feet, but still they, want
the boys' shoes and insist upon the strap
being left on in the back."
"You would hardly believe it," said a
fashionable shoe clerk yesterday, "but
the swellest of our women customers are
now invariably asking for boys' shoes.
The masculine styles of Women's shoes no
longer satisfy them They must have a
shoe made exactly like a man's, and so we
sell twice'as many boysr
IMPORTANT TRADE SECRET
Popular Mechanics. *
The making of carbon paper'and type
writer ribbons is a trade secret known
tp scarcely two dozen people in the world.
It has been handed down from father to
son for probably a century. So carefully
is the secret guarded that the "process has
never been patented. The method Is said
fb be so very simple and inexpensive that
any one could easily manufacture it If only
the secret of the composition were known
Much money and time have been spent in
endeavoring to make the valuable discov
ery, but all to no avail. The Secret yet
remains with' the original discoverers and
certain members of their families. ,"
We will bet a cent
shoes as formerly
MARCH 30, 1903.
Shylock Homes: His Posthumous
VIII.Mr. Homes Acts as Attorney for
There was considerable excitement in
Cimnteria over the threatened disruption
of the Stygian Historical Society. Like
most other historical societies, this or
ganization derived Its membership fiom
the most select social circles and when,
one of the meetings of the irreproachables
of the community broke up in a fierce
fight, such as one might expect to witness
in the saloon of a sailor's lodging house,
a veritable brawl, the whole public was
scandalized. It would have been no more
startling had the.courtly Ghesterfield, and
the polished Duke of Buckingham, be
cause of some slight disagreement, taken
to pelting each* other with petit fours and
sandwiches at one of Madame Recamier's
delightful afternoons, and indeed stirred
the society of Hades more deeply than it
had been Since the elopment of Romeo
with Ophelia, some three years before
The papers were full of It, and for a good
deal more than the proverbial nine days'
wonder it was the chief topic of conver
sation at the clubs, cafes and private
gatherings. The trouble grew out of the
Columbus - Vespucci controversy as to
who discovered America. The society
was about equally divided between the
partisans of the two with a small hand
ful, constituting the practical balance of
power between tfiem, of believers in the
pretensions of Leif Ericson, and at the
annual meeting the issue constituted the
between the platforms, upon which
candidates for offices stood. No one sup
posed that feeling would run so high as
to provoke aggressive acts of hostility,
until the partisans of Columbus withdrew
their candidate against the leader of the
Vesfiucciites, and substituted Captain
Kidd in his place, giving as a reason for
so doing that even Kidd's claims for the
honor were greater than those f Vespuc
ci. The insult was too deadly to be over
looked, and Vespucci himself, in his wrath,
heaved an atlas at the head of Columbus,
who retorted with an ink-stand, which,
with wonderful accuracy of aim, struck
the Italian squarely in the middle. The
scene that followed was as disgraceful
as it was painful.
It was two weeks after the affair, when
my orfice boy brought a card into my
private office, upon which was engraved
the single word "Solomon."
"Solomon, eh?" said I, glancing at the
card. "That's singularly inconclusive.
Solomon who? Isaacs, Jones, John or
"I dunno," said the boy. "He's a tall
old guy with a long white beard, and gilt
clothes, and a solid gold hat on."
"Oho!" I cried. "Show him in, my
boy," for I recognized at once, by the
description, that my visitor was the
simon puri Solomon -svho -was noted for
his proverbs and for his wisdom.
The regal personage was soon after ush
ered into my presence and I received him
with all the ceremony due to one of his
exalted position, all of which he waved
aside, however, and insisted upon being
treated as a plain, ordinary citizen.
"We have no rank here. Mr. Homes,"
he said, as he sat down alongside of my
desk. "Hades, like love, levels all things,
and at this particular juncture, it Is I
"who must bow to you, rather than you
"I have been one of your stanch admir
ers, always, ou majesty," said I.
"Not 'your majesty,' " he gently pro
tested. "Just Solomon"
"Ah. but I could call you by first
name," said I. "It would be too great
a. familiaritv "
"It is my whole name," said he.
"Therefore, why not call me by it? I
am not 'a modern, but an ancient, Mr.
Homes, and we were content, in my time,
with a single simple designation. I sup
pose if I had lived in your time. I should
have preferred to have been known as
Ralph Waldo Solomon, or John Russell
Solomon, or Peter Finlay Solomon, or
Richard Harding Solomon, or A. Conan
Solomon, but you see I wasn't brought tip
that way. Plain Solomon, without any
three-ply distinction, has always been
good enough for me. Indeed. I found it
hard enough to make one name without
venturing upon three."
"I shall call you as you wishrerSalo-
mon," said I, finding it difficult, even with
his permission, to so address him fluently.
"To what do I owe the very distinguished
honor of this call?"
"I want you to help me out of a very
difficult position," he answered. "You
have perhaps discovered, Mr. Homes, that
there has recently been a slight difference
of opinion among the members of the Sty
gian Historical Society "
"Over the discovery of America?" I que
"Precisely," Solomon replied "Over
the discovery of America. The trouble
that discovery has brought upon us people
of the old world is such that I sometimes
wish it hacbyt been discovered at all. I
assure you that I am personally glad that
it was utterly unknown in my day. for I
am sure I don't Know what I should have
done about the Monroe doctrine if I'd had
to buck up against it as my present pro
totype, William of Germany, has had to
do. and, wise as I am reputed to be, I
should be perplexed to know how to deal
with the trusts "
"You handled the trust question all
right." said I.
"I?" he demanded.
"Well, yes. in a way,' said I. "As far
as getting married was concerned. I've al
ways thought you were a sort of matri
monial monopolist, and you carried it off
"Oh. that!" laughed Solomon. "Per
haps j-ou are right. Mr. Homes I was a
sort of captain of industry in the matri
monial line, but I wasn't thinking of that
precise point when I spoke
ashamed of ourselves over the unfortunate
affair of two weeks ago, and we want to
do the right thing. Both factions have
got together, and have agreed to arbitrate
the question of the discovery of America.
Columbus says he doesn't cai-e
tal who did it. and Vespucci says that,
and they are all willing to play Leif Eric
and they are all willing to play Leif Erick
son for a place, so long as the Historical
Society can be rehabilitated. There's a
nice spirit in all the camps, and In order
to get together they have consented to
abide by the decision of the arbitrator "
"I see." said I. "And who is he to be?"
."Myself," said Solomon, with a sigh.
"They've left the wholeerthe whole"
I could see that he wanted to be pro
fane, and say "darn business," but I was
tactful enough to relieve him.
"The whole question," I suggested
"Yesthe wholeerquestion to me,
and I don't know the first thing about it.
Do you know who discovered America?"
"Wellno, not positively." said I. "I've
never taken the subject up. seriously.",
"But you have opinions?"
"Which are?" * ***"*
I smiled. "My dear Solomon," said I,
"I sell my conclusions, but my theories I
keep wholly to myself. They may not be
correct, you know."
Til buy your conclusions," he cried.
"I need 'emi"_
"I'm flattered, Solomon," I answered.
"But I'm just out of conclusions today.
Maybe next week I shall have a few. Why
don't you settle the matter the way you
settled the baby question? Just split the
continent in two, and let Columbus be the
discoverer of'one-half and VeBpucci that
of the other, leaving Uew Jersey or the
District of'Columbia for Lett iJricson?"
"It wouldn't do," said Solomon, there
by showing his real wisdom. "There isn't
one of 'em cares enough about the coun-
and it wouldn't Be *cbnclusion at all."
try. its,Qlf tQ, protest against the, decision
ag^essivef \roerlcani8in. It s the pres-
outward and signs
By John Kendrick Bangs.
Copyright. 1903, by John Kendrick Bangs.
here toy discuss
Societ that I
We are all very much
- ~is ,. 45* "
" I see your point." said L. "But 111
help you, Solomon," I added. "I should
like to feel, and to be able to say that
I had helped you, the wisest man that
ever lived. Come back here next Thurs
day, and bring Columbus and Vespucci
with you. We'll leave Ericson out, be
cause, between you and me, he strikes roe
as the, most troublesome character of the
lot." - |
The following Thursday came, in du$
course, and with it, along about elevei
o'clock in the morning, came also Solomon
and the two witnesses. The first to go o_
the witness stand was Columbus.
"You are the Columbus who is alleged
to have discovered America?" I asked.
"I am, said he, flushing a trifle wit*
indignation at my use of the word "afc*
"You have really been to America?" 1
"Tush''v he cried in Spanish. "How
futile such questioning! Of course I
"Did you lar.d at Castle Garden, o_
Ellis Island?" I asked.
"Never heard of either," he replied, sul
"At what port of entry did you enter tlit"
new land?" I demanded. "New Orleans,
Boston, New York, Galveston, or San
"They are all new names to me," said
"Give me your Impressions of Chicago/'
I put in.
"Is this man crazy, or am I?" cried Co
lumbus. "What the devil is Chicago that
I should have impressions concerning
"Do you consider the capitol building M
Washington good architecture, or not?"
I asked. Ignoring his question.
"I am sure I don't know what you
mean," cried Columbus, petulantly.
"Good," said I. "And now for one mor
question. At what point does the Chesaa
peake river flow into the Bay of FundyT"
"What Is this gibberish you are talk
ing, any way?" demanded Columbus.
"Chesapeake River? Bay of Fundy?
Never heard of 'em before."
"That will do, Mr. Columbus," said
I. "We shall need no further testlmonv
from you. Now, Solomon, please call
Amerigo Vespucci to the stand."
The famous explorer was summoned
and in a moment I had him also on the
"Your name is Vespucci?"
"Amerigo Vespucci." E?T^
"Named after America?" '
"Ah! Have you ever been to America?"
Vespucci flushed angrily.
"Certainly," he said "How else could
I claim the discovery?"
"That s what I -wish to find out." I re
torted drily. "Now, Mr. Vespucci, I
should like to have you state to me the
essential differences' between Philadelphia
and a city like Madrid, for instance."
"Philadelphia and Madrid."
"Humph!" ejaculated Vespucci. "Phil
adelphia is a new one on me."
"Do you consider that New York re
sembles Paris or London the more?"
"I have never seen New York. Where
"It is on the east, north, south and
west of the Bowery, Mr. Vespucci."
"The Bowery, eh?" he queried, scratch
ing his head with a perplexed grin on his
face. "Well, you've got me there, Mr.
Homes. To be quite frank with you, I
never heard of the Bowery."
"What are jour impressions of tha
axctiltecture ot tlie capitol tvuiKling a!
"Didn't know there was such a build-
"And your opinion of Pittsburg as a
factor in civilization?"
"Excuse me, King Solomon," said Ves
pucci, "but I must ask what this line oi
inquiry is intended to develop. Mr. Homes
might as well converse in Greek as ask
m e. to answer such questions as he has
"The examination is in Mr. Homes'
hands," said the Arbitrator. "I cannot
interfere. Proceed, Mr. Homes."
"I have no further questions to put,"
said I. "The examination is finished as
far as I am concerned, and I think should
prove conclusively, your honor, that nei
ther of these gentlemen discovered Amer
ica. When a man pretends,to have dis
covered America, and yet knows nothing
of Pittsburg, Philadelphia, New York and
Washington, you may rest assured that
he has merely sighted it, not discovered
it. I therefore recommend that you re
port to the Historical society that neither
Columbus nor Vespucci is guilty."
"Hm!" said Solomon. "And that the
country has not been discovered at all?"
"I should not go so far as that." said
I, gathering up my papers and preparing
to leave. "The inquiry was confined to
the services of these two parties to
controversy. Out of their own mouths
e shown to know nothing of th
tne country they claim to have discovered.
There, it seems to me, the scope of this
"Still," said Solomon, gazing at bis feet,
reflectively* "it leaves the controversy
open. Somebody did It."
"Ahvery true," said I, "but'as to that,
we are unable to inquire. It is my opin
ion that America has been discovered, and
I think suspicion attaches either to Mr.
Andrew Carnegie or to a gentleman named
"Why not summon them?" demanded
"They are not yet within the jurisdic
tion of the court, your honor," said L
and with that the inquiry came to an
end. and I am informed that the verdict
of "not proven" rendered later by Solo
mon, was received with approval, though
ba^ed upon a novel point ^
"I wonder. Homes," said Columbus to
me later, "that jou didn't attribute the
discovery of America to Emperor Wil-
"My reason is perfectly simple," said J.
"The Kaiser hasn't done it et but I
judge from the news that occasionally
penetrates down here ffom the upper
regions that he is getting there. Gi\e
him time, and a few more Venezuelan,
troubles, and he will discover America all
right. America is willing, and the kaiser's
muscle is up."
With which sage observation, on mjr
part, the episode came to a close.
One of the mest ill founded of all pop
ular delusions is that blushing is the
special characteristic of the feminine sex.
As a matter of fact, txcept in the case
of very young girls, men blush far more
readily than women. The well bred wo
man never blushes at all. while It is a
matter of every day experience that in
the excitement of business or political dis
cussions men's cheeks redden with very
little provocation. Whatever may have
been the case a hundred years ago, the
modern woman shows her emotion, not by
blushing, but by turning pale.
r itween vedette posts and between sentriaa
Detroit Free Press.
GERMANY'S DOGS OF WAR. ,
The German war department has de
cided to use dogs in warfare as messen
gers, after much experimenting. Order
have been Issued that each infantry corn
pany must have two dogs attached to ft,
thoroughbreds with long "pedigrees. Many
trials have been made with Airedale ter
ries, but It was found that pointers were
better fitted for the wo*. These dog*
will be trained irom puppyhood, and must
be capable of understanding all simple or
ders, such aa those to go ahead and back,
before they are accepted for field service.
They will be used to give warning of the
approach of a stranger to a picket, and
for keeping up r.pid communication be-