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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, March 31, 1903, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1903-03-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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PRICE TWO CENTS.
.' B FRENCH OPINION
,, ON THE CANAL
i leading Engineer Thinks^ That
3theCoIombiBii Congress Will -
s'V Hot Ratify)the Treaty.
&e Adds That the Nicaraguau Route
^^
\ \
: f 3d the Better After
{The Climate Is More Salubrious and
-^ the Lake Serves as a Fine
i ' Reservoir.
Hew York Sun Special Service.
Paris, March 81.In view of the hostile
attitude -which the government of Colom
bia seems disposed to take in regard to
the Panama oanal, It is interesting to
know the opinion of a French engineer
who has dene much for that canal. He
does not believe the Colombia congress
will ratify the treaty with the United
States.
"You ask my opinion on the Nicaragua
route," he said. "It is for me infandum
renovare delorem. I was one of the first
and most ardent partizans of the Nicara
gua route for the canal. My re mem-
,. brancea are exact. My participation in the
first labors of M. De Lesseps caused him,
after he had presided over the congress
for an interoceanic canal, to hand to me
the documents published by order of the
United States senate on the explorations
which the Washington government had
carried out in the isthmus by Com-
- modore Maury. In handing nift the doc
uments M. De Ijesseps asked.me to: study
f them and-to give him my oniriion in re
J jiard^tg^tbe. mo*t advantageous route.
jjy preference w as in conformity with
\ these of the* Washington committer which
3*concluded its labors in. 1876,vThey were
in favor of a canal with locks via the
flakes of Nic^lSagua. #&e notorious in
salubrity of "tire Panama'climate' had been
confirmed by'-my friend Paul Levy, who
having ah-eciefl? the work of the Panama
^railway^'had. admirable knowledge/of the
'limatfo conditions there.
The-vaS'lcaragua route bad aw.a ^reat
if
* advantage Lake Nicaragua-, which has an
. areaof 6,000 square kilometers, whioh each
i! year pours fourth milliards of cubic m e
ters of water into the Atlantic by the river
i- San Juan. This: T&ke~ constitutes an in
exhati^ibta^servolr of water for a canal
rwith"|ffieJ^ap0v the lake, which :4s about
^S6 rrrefe^'above sea level. There is only
$ Hrvas hiU which is some 13 meters higher
|l than the lake, while on tjje Panama route
|
: there is Culegra, irfiiQfr is more than 100
f rneters?above%|lo lev of the sea and is
^inore thsat lOj^ioTnewrs -long.
:f ' "Nicarjftgua was going to be adopted but
fijf^r this w. required beforehand to come
Mfco-n- 'undemanding with the United
W^ta^tes, This Tlgas my first care and my
if first' communication with Admiral Am-
f,3aon.
* "Everythinff w as arranged when the
S*=otEtructto of sotne members of the cop."
, ''jp:es of Nicaragua destroyed everything.
AH our dreams of concord and imion^pe
tween France and America disappeared,
r 'thanks to'the facility''With which J&L 3De
l^esseps allowed himself to be circum
vented. This was the end of my amicable
relations with M. De Lesseps, of whom
' I say but little afterwards.
"For a long time I imagined that the
project was abandoned and thought of
applying to the Panama canal my scheme
for Nicaragua. I went to Bogota, where
I saw President Raphael Nunez, Prime
Minister Carlos Holguin and General Ay-
. cardl, who led me to hope that an inter
oceanic canal would no longer be a myth
and that I would be permitted to termin
ate the work, which would have been tile
greatest of the last century. I only under-
' went another disappointment. Internal
dissensions in Colombia proved too sti-ongr.
"it is my profound conviction that the
Nicaragua route is practicable and feas
ible at a relatively small cost In fact,
the conditions have not changed and the
means of construction have developed. In
this I am in accord with the remarkable
works on the subject by Major Lull and
Mr. Menocal.
"As I have said, I followed with en
thusiasm the projects of Admiral Amnion
in 1879, for my most ardent desire has
always been to see an interoceanic canal
constructed, the United States and France
joining hands to open to the world a great
maritime route to the west.
"It was without astonishment that I
read in the dispatch from Bogota that the
Colombians will regard it as a point of
honor not to cede one inch of their terri
tory. What could have been done some
years ago seems to be now impossible.
President Marroquin is the first to shirk
this responsibility and we may epect the
Colombia congress to follow his example."
THE FURMGE EXPLODES
Terrible Accident in the Edgar
Thompson Steel PlantEight
Men May Die.
Pittsburg, March 31.One dead, seven
not expected to live, two missing and
seven others So badburned and isfis
ured as-
All.
' *...
to be almostly unrecognizabled, was
the terrible result of an explosion in blast
furnace "I" of the Edgar Thompson Steel
plant of the Carnegie company at Brad
dock, Pa., early to-day.
The name of the dead man is given as
John Smith, probably an Angliclzied form
of his proper name. The others have not
yet been identified. "
A s far as can be learned at this time
the explosion was due to a supposed de
fect in the electrical equipment of the
furnace. During the night the furnace
worked unsatisfactorily and about day
light a number of men were sent to the
top to repair the trouble, which was lo
cated at the "bleaker." At the same time
the discovery was made that the auto
matic electrical equipment was out of or
der and additional men were detailed to
locate the trouble. While seventeen men
were at work either at the top or bot
tom, a "hang" in the furnace was found
and before the alarm could be given there
was a terrific explosion of gas and the
workmen were enveloped in a rain of
melted metal, coke and lime which burned
the clothing from their bodies and ren
dered them unconscious.
Notwithstanding the dansrer of a second
explosion, a party was organized and the
men rescued from their perilous position.
Only fifteen could be found, however, and
it is not known whether the two missing
were blown into the furnace or are wan
dering about the district in a semi-de
mented condition.
The injured were brought to the home
opathic hospital in this city and every
thing possible done to relieve their suf
fering. Up to noon they had not been
Identified. A thorough investigation into
the rause of the explosion is now in prog
less.
KING OSCAR IN CHARGE AGAIN.
Stockholm, March 31.King Oscar to-day re
Btnned the reins of government, thus terminating
the regency of the Crown Prince Gustave, which
commenced Jan. 31, in consequence of the king's
ill health. -. -
CANADA'S GIFT
TO HER ROADS
More Subsidies Contributed Than
the Entire Systems Are
Now Worth.
Yet the Roads Are Not Held by the
People, but by Private
Owners.
The Canadian Pacific Building Side
Tracks at Eighteen Points in
the Grain Country.
Special to The Journal.
New York, March 31.The statement is
made in Wall street that the Canadian
government has contributed in subsidies
more cash and land than the entire rail
road system .of Canada is worth. The
gifts have comprised 60,000,000 acres of
land, worth, at $3 an acre, $180,000,000.
Cash subsidies have amounted to $225,-
000,000, and another $100,000,000 is ac
counted for by exemptions from taxes, by
gifts of townsites and in other ways.
This makes a total of $506,000,000, a sum
greater than the official valuation of all
the railroads of Canada.
The Canadian Pacific received $25,000,-
000 cash from the government, also the
gift of a railway built by the Macken
zie government at a cost of $35,000,000
plus 25,000.000 acres of land, equivalent to
at least $95,000,000 in money. This makejs
an aggregate of $155,000,000. The "sworn
statement" of the cost of the Canadian
Pacific railroad was only $131,000,000, or
$24,000,000 less than the amount granted
the company for nothing by the govern
ment.
A Montreal dispatch says that General
Superintendent Leonard of the Canadian
Pacific announces that the company will
build sidetracks for elevator sites at
eighteen different points along the line
west of Winnipeg. This will mean, prac
tically, the double tracking of the Ca
nadian Pacific line between Winnipeg and
Moose Jaw. It is intended to remedy the
trouble experienced last year. in provid
ing elevator capacity to meet the increase
in the production of Manitoba and the ter
ritories. There was a great waste of
grain last year, due to the poor storage
facilities. The Canadian Pacific is pur
suing a very aggressive policy in the
grain territory against the invasion by the
Canadian Northern, Northern Pacific and
Grand Trunk.
NORSK STEAMER ASHORE
Four Passengers and 22 of the Crew
Rescued by the life Saving
Service.
Atlantic City, N. J., March 81.The
Atlantic City life saving station reports
the Norwegian steamship Brighton Cap
tain Krough, from Port' An^bnt6*'f6r^NeW
York, stranded off that station last night.
She is testing easy.
The foAir passengers and twenty-two of
the crew of the Brighton were rescued by
the Atlantic City life savers and are at
the life saving station.
The four passengers, are M. A. Peter,
Boston ,W. S. Dennesk, Boston R.* J.
Reed, New York D. - J. Reed, Mount
Forest, Can.
YIRUS CASES IN COURT
The Vaccination Matter Goes to the
Supreme Court in In-
diana.
Terre Haute, Ind., March 31.Judge
Stimson of the supreme court to-day de
cided that the boards of health have no
power to exclude unvaccinated children
from public schools. This is the first de
cision on the constitutionality of the law
passed two years ago at the request of
the anti-vaccinations providing that
no child in good physical health can be
excluded from the public schools^* The
case will be appealed. -.:
A WILD ENGINE'S WORK
It Collides With a Passenger Train
At Least Two Men Killed
and Three %xat.
Waterbury, Conn., March 31.In a col
llsion between a wild engine and a pas
senger train on the New York, New Ha
ven & Hartford railroad at South Brook
lyn to-day two persons are known to
have been killed and three injured. An
early report said that there were three
other dead bodies in the wreck. The
known dead are Engineer Chapman of the
wild engine, and Fireman.Newman of the
passenger train. The injured are En
gineer Brown and Baggagemaster Mal
lette of the pasenger train and Fireman
Flaherty of the wild engine. It.is thought
that Mallette is fatally hurt.
KING'S TOUR IN IRELAND
It Will Occnr in July or August and
Will Give Great Sat
isfaction.
IiOhdon, March 31.The official an
nouncement that, the kins' and queen -will
visit Ireland in July or August does not
come as a surprise. It is well known that
the king ever since he assumed the throne
had set his heart on an Irish tour. In
Ireland it Is believed [that the king is. re
sponsible for the extraordinary change
that has taken place in the Irish policy of
the British government since the begin
ning of the year. The coercion regime is
a. thing- of the past and a.
prietary a thing of the future. The royal
visit will give the greatest satisfaction to
the Irish people.
THREE BOYS AT ONE BIRTH
Two of the Triplets In the Qvale Family,
Living Near Willmar, J
Special to Th Journal. - -
Willmar. Minn., March SI.Mrs. A
Qvale, living just east of the city, gave
birth to triplets, well developed boys, on
Sunday. The average weight was eight
pounds. The smallest is living and doing
well, but the others died the same night.
The -father is a brother of District Judge
9*.JBvQvale of this city.
Are Dead. .:' ' "5 -
: peasant Jro
PRESIDENT'S
Secretary Root Will Indicate What
They Are in His Boston , .
The Idea Is to Let the Tariff Alone
Until the Long Session flfcpg"
ginning Dec, 1905.
From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Poit Build
ing, Washington.
Washington, March 31.The president's
intention to deliver a tariff address in
Minneapolis next Saturday night makes
interesting the announcement that Secre
tary Root, reflecting the administration's
views, will make an address on- a sim
ilar topic before the Home Market Club
of Boston this week Thursday night. The
Root address has been carefully prepared
and President Roosevelt has placed his
"O. K." upon it.
According to the program which Mr.
Root is expected to outline to the Home
Market Club, the administration Intends
to lend every assistance to the republican
majority in the fifty^-eighth congress in
the policy of "standing pat" on the pres
ent tariff law, despite democratic oppo
sition. Even the remotest attempt to
tinker with the schedule is to be resisted
throughout the long session of the coming
congress. The Remarkable prosperity now
enjoyed is to be preserved and protected
from democratic attack. There will be no
concession" in any direction. The propo
sition which Secretary Root will submit
to the club will emphasize the advisabil
ity of a wholesome revision two years
hence.
According to program, when the fifty
ninth congress assembles for the long ses
sion beginning December, 1905, the tariff
schedules will have been submitted to the
most careful and painstaking examination
and such changes as are deemed consist
ent with the continued prosperity of the
nation and with the growth of American
industries will be made by the only men
I capable of readjusting the tariff law, the
I men who for more than a quarter of cen
tury have contributed their share to the
protective legislation .which has built up
the manufacturing industries of the
United States to the point where they ex
ceed those of any other nation on the.
face of the earth.
It is expected that Secretary Boot's ut
terances will indicate the attitude to be
assumed by the administration and will
take the wind out of the long and care-
fuUy prepared campaign speeches of the
democrats who intend to advocate what
they term "moderate tariff reductions."
It is believed the president's Minneapolis
address will follow the lines to be laid
down by Secretary Root.
W. W. Jermane."
A FINE EMIGRANT ARMY
Picked Body of People Going Into
Northwestern Canada-South
Africa Neglected. ..
London, March 31.Canada ratherthan
South Africa, is - absorbing the surplus
population of Great. Britain.
The reports sent home from South Afri
ca by the British army -of 250 000 men dur
ing the ^Tvar, were unfavorable and the
emigration movement from - jBrigland to
South Airlca has not set to. .The re
sources of-Canada, meanwhile, have been
advertised systematically and full account
has been taken of the American invasion
both as an incentive-and a warning.
The -second contingent.of. Mr, Barr's
force of British emigrants leavins X/iver
pool to-day number 1,800. and before win
ter at least 10,000 will be transplanted from
the midland and northern counties to tho
Saskatchewan valley.
Canadian officials assert that the settlers
are a picked body of emigrants, represent
ing the arts and crafts as well as agricult
ure and taking with them a large mass of
o.
^TUESDAY EVENJNG^MARCH 31, 1903. 16 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
TARIFF VIEWS
^mr
TOIIPIDITE
k*|EBGER
Federal Suit, Will Probably Go Di-
* . reot to tjnited States Su-
*'' I prwne Court.
Transfer Would Be Made Without
s Wadtinfrtfbr Cirouit Court
Decision.
Bpeoial to The Jour&al. *
St. Louis. March 81.The Northern Se
curities, case, recently heard here by four
circuit judges sitting under the special
act of 1903, will probably be taken direct
to the supreme-court of the United States
for a decision -without waiting for the ac
tion of the elrciult court of appeals.
It is understood that the attorneys for
the government and for the securities
company have agreed on a stipulation,
which will "soon be sighed. It will certi
fy the case directly to the supreme court,
and all thfr testimony, briefs and printed
copies of counsel's arguments will be sent
to Washington, to-be considered first hand
APRIL FOOL PUZZLE PICTURE
Find the One Who Is likely to Have a Sore Toe.
by the highest judicial body in the land.
This action will greatly expedite pro
ceedings. It w as a foregone conclusion
that the case would reach the supreme
court. Whichever side lost in the cir
cuit court would have appealed.. The, fact
that four judges sat on the case also left
a chance for a tie, and a failure of the
circuit bench to come to any decision.
This possibility would also be obviated by
the stipulation.
J. P. MORGAN IS A "BULL"
He Says That the General Busi
ness Situation Is Most
Promising.
Nw York Sun Special Service.
New York, March 31.-J. Pierpont Mor
gan, in an interview, unequivocally de
clares himself to be a bull on the coun
try and its future.
"As for- the - general situation . you may
state emphatically arid unequivocally,"
said Mr. Morgan, "that it is most promis
ing, wtth the country unqualifiedly pros
perous. Summing the situation up not
only Is there prosperity everywhere, but
the promises are of a continuation of that
prosperity for a long time to come.
"It seems to me that the general pessi
mistic talk indulged in not alone in foreign
:but in local circles is in no sense justified
by the facts. It may be. true, as some of
the captious critics declare that there are
in the market many undigested securities,
but ought not the character of these se
curities to be taken into consideration in
a broad or comprehensive view of the.
situation?- To my mind and in my judg
ment these new securities are essentially
sound land stable, and those who have
them are in no wise" alarmed because of
their holdings." . ..'..
SECEETABY SHAW DECLINES
Cannot Accept the Invitation to Deliver
an Address in This
*' city. "
From The Journal Bureau, Hoom 45, Post Build
ing, Wubington.
Washington, D. C , March 31.Secre-
tary L. M. Shaw has been obliged to de
cline the invitation extended.him to de
liver an address at the Wesley bicen
tenary in Minneapolis. He has- many
engagements for the next few months,
arid has been compelled to decline: many
others. ' - -irFi^Sf^7
Philadelphia, March 31.The Philadelphia &
Reading Coal & Iron company has-given notice
of a cnt of 50 cents a ton in the price of domestic
anthracite for the monfh of April. There will
be no change In the prices of furnace and steam
coal. The prices are the same as they an
nounced at the close ot the strike, with the ex
ception that a rebate'of 50 cents a ton ia al
lowed. Sales agents of the Pennsylvania rail-
1 road hare met the-***diiis,*ate'
CASE
LOWER RIVER
IN TROUBLE
Louisiana Making a Hard Struggle
Against the Crest of the Flood
"Wave.
Stete .Convict Farm Levee Broken
- - Need of More Men and
Money.
New Orleans, March 31.-The main
levee protecting the state convict farm
near Baton Rouge gave way this morn
ingat 4 o'clock. The entire place will be
covered with water in a few hours. Ef
forts are being made to protect the camps.
"More men and more money," is the
cry that comes from the crevasses at
Hymelia. The forces employed there who
have been working day and night are ex
hausted and fresh laborers are required to
press forward the work. The Texas &
Pacific has put on daily trains to carry
laborers to the scene. Eight hundred feet
of cribbing at one end and 200 at the
other were holding firmly at daylight and
the prospect of closing the break had
brightened considerably. The river here
to-day fell one-tenth of a foot in the past
twenty-hours. Colonel Ernst, head of the
river commission, is quoted as expressing
the belief that the river here has about
reached its maximum if the Hymelia
break continues to run. The report from
the Pontchartrain district to-day is that
the line of levees is holding and'that all
observable weak spots have been strength
ened. . Water from Hymelia is beginning to fill
up the water courses on the west bank
of the river and people who are living on
the lowlands are beginning to move to
the higher villages. The state "convict
camp near Baton Rouge is Iqcated^at An
gola, oiji the east bank of the Mississippi
in west Felisiania parish. It is nearly
opposite the mouth of Red river. The
levee which broke is a private one main
tained by the state. Angola is one of
the finest cotton plantations in Louis
iana.
It was formerly owned by'S. X,. James,
the late penitentiary lessee, but was
purchased by the state when the convict
lease was abolished and. the state took
charge of the convicts. It is one of the
three plantations owned by -the state
The crevasse will doubtless cover the'en
tire plantation with water hut it is said
that because of the location no other val
uable property is likely to be affected.
The back levees protecting Angola win
have to be cut in order to allow for the
escape of the flood. No loss of life is re
ported. The loss to the state will be
heavy. .......
ROOSEVELT'S "REGRETS"
They WU Be Expressed to the Ger
man Government Over ''The
Dewey Incident." /
Hew York Sun.Special Service.
Washington, March 31.The Dewey in
terview incident is regarded as ended. No
complaint has been received from the
German government in regard to ,ihe.'
statement attributed to the admiral that
the We st Indian naval maneuvers were.
Intended.- as' a-ix" "object lessen to tbekais'er
and the authorities here are inclined to
think tliat none-wHH)B made - '
- -
It is probable, however, that when .Bar.?,
on Sternberg, the German minister, comes
to say good-by to-the president before the
latter starts on his'14 000^mile trip, Mr.
"Roosevelt"'will takfe occasion to" personally
express regret oVer the affair.
The president's remarks will, of .course,
be . communicated to his government by
Baron "Sternberg- ana "It "is hoped here tn&t
this will be satisfactory to the emperor.
The course of Germany in. not making
an issue of the off-hand statements of Ad
miral Dewey is greatly appreciated in of
ficial circles." In view of the president's
initiative in seeking an explanation from
the admiral neither the state department
nor the navy department has taken offi
cial cognizance of the interview^ &&*
MURDERER'S IDENTITY
HAS NO T BEEN PROVED
Judge Murphy's Findings in the Burdick Casfe
State That PennelTs Threats Give - J3
Ground for Suspicion. ?
Were He Alive, the Judge Holds, a Warrant Could Be Issued for His
ArrestCaustic Comment on the Testimony and General Attitude
of Mrs. HullThey Are Said to Need ExplanationMr. Burdick's
Character Cleared of Suspicions of Immoral ActsMrs. Burdick
Is Censured.
Buffalo, March SI.Judge Murphy hand- ,
ed down his findings in the Burdick in
quest. He declared that the identity of
the murderer had not been proved. The
statement is an exhaustive review of the
evidence brought out during the inquest.
Mr. Pennell's Threat.
Special atention is given to the letters
exchanged between "Arthur R. Pennell and
Mrs.. Burdick, particularly the one con
taining a threat against Burdick's life.
Concerning'these the judge^says:
"Altogether these facts would,' in my
opinion, constitute just ground of sus
picion on which a warrant could be Is
sued, were he alive."
Mr*. Hull's Testimony..
Referring to Mrs. Hull, Judge Murphy
says:
"The action of Mrs. Hull on that morn
ing (the morning after the murder) and
her testimony on the stand has caused me
much thought and worry. To my mind,
they are inconsistent with a perfect want
of knowledge as to what had actually
occurred. So little apparent feeling for
the dead man, such an evident desire to
cover up the crime and no disposition
whatever* to aid the authorities in appre
hending the murderer may be explain
able, but has not been explained."
Pennell Must Be Presumed innocent.
Speaking of Pennell's relations witti
Mrs. -Burdick, Justice Murphy says:
"His of al lothers was the motive
strong enough to incite a desperate mind,
already steeped in wrong doing, to so foul
and cruel a munlerI He. can never be
placed on trial, nor can his-4?ase ever be
judicially determined! Let us be as fair
then to the dead as the law presumes us
to be to the living. He must be presumed
innocent until proven guilty."
. "Woman Guest Theory" Not Sustained.
Continuing, Judge Murphy says:
"The theory that Burdick had a woman
guest in- his .den that night has not been
sustained by - the, evidence. It has not
disclosed a single immoral action on his
part." . .
Other Women In the Case.
Mr s. 3?aine ancl - Idiss Hutchinson "are
completely exhonerated in Judge Mur
phy's finding," which, in conclusion, says:
"It is our duty to censure Mrs. Burdick.
But great as her wrong has been, great
t
j . d3 her piinlshtiHirit^^l^s^
Judge Murphy's General''ftwww. * *^
vAt the -^e^n^ir)g.Tof-.his report,"" Jtldge.
Murphy said. that'
death "was compoundveommihuted multi
ple fracture of the skull. That said frac
ture was the result of several blows by
some person with a dull edged-weapon, de
livered principally in the back of the head.
The said blows we're delivered with hom
icidal intent and the identity.of said per
son has not been proved."
He reviews briefly the events of the
evening preceding the murder as. brought
out in the testimony, which he says do not
show anything unusual occurred at the
house in the fore part of the night. The
story, of the finding of Burdick's body
next morning and of the events preceding
its discovery as .related by the different
members of the household is told and the
discrepancies in the testimony of the
servants and Mrs Hull are pointed out.
Continuing to review the evidence Judge
Murphy mentions the testimony of Dr.
Marcy in which he said he sent, for Dr.
Howland the deputy medical examiner.
The two physicians had a conversation in
which Dr. Marcy said, if the death proved
to be suicidal, it wpuid save the family a
great deal of scandal.' Dr. Howland said:
"I don't tfiink it is,, suicide," and' Dr.
Marcy agreed with.him.
"Where is the motive for this crime?"
asked Judge Murphy and then he takes up
the relations of Mrs.. Burdick and Pennell
and says that it seems that five years ago
on the occasion of a visit to New Haven
by the Burdicks and Pennells Mrs. Bur-
*dick' "gave the love which belonged to
her husband to another. She loved Pen
nell and he apparently became infatuated
with her. . Burdick. learned the truth and
a separation followed but because of love
for -her children. he took his wife back
and forgave the author of his wrong upon
his promise to leave Buffalo.
"This promise and the promise which
Mrs. Burdick made to her husband," says
An Army of Two Million Workers
How in the Federation
of Labor.
Two Hundred Applications for Char
ters This MonthSome Labor
Struggles.
New York Sun Special Service.
Washington, March 31.
( ."'
has how enrolled under it's banner an army
of 2,000/000 industrial workers, and re
cruits are coming in at, rapid rate.
Secretary PranK Morrison of the Ameri
can Federation, of, 1/abory announces that
during .the present, month he has received
over- 200 applications for charters from
unions- tlftoughout *he country. This is
J the largest number of record'for any one
'njonth. aStr- Morrison states that ffve years
ago there "were but fifty-six central bodies
connected.with, the isinericaih Federation
of .Labqr. ]..'-.'.."',. .."" /
There is to be' a universal.demand for
an eight-hour day iy' various .organiza
tions on April 1 and M ay 1^'|^
W*?%'iKB- LABOR GlAST MOVING. $$'
Lonisville^The'ieKentuckyno vill he strike in the coal
"fields-
1 of western and -LouisTille. A
lO per .cent advanqe had^.lli granted.
ChicagoBeginning Wednesday morning 2S.000
men in the tmildlng industry will start work at
an increase in wages, aggregating in round num
bers - $1,500,000 a year.
DenverAll the cigar factories in^Denrer were
closed hy a strike. Three hundred cigar-makets
O'iit work in sympathy with sixty tobacco strlp
oers, all women. Who bad struck for an in
crease. -
-Pltrshnrg"No .settlement of the Pittsburg , - - __*,-
trike unless the America Bridge^comnany get-. W a nmsn.
tne:'cai^^^ B^i^ic)^
TOGETHER
: Organized lataorc
Judge Murphy, "were shamelessly]
broken." ^
A Motive for the Crime.
Finally, Mr. B^urdick told her she must
leave his house and he applied for the
divorce which action she did not care to
defend as she wished to marry Pennell,
who had agreed to secure the divorce from
his wife. Pennell, however, induced her
to defend the suit Burdick had been
shadowing Pennell and Mrs. Burdick and
Pennell had detectives shadowing Bur
dick.
s
"So far as it appears from the '
evidence," - says the judge, "Pennell
had not succeeded in ' compromising
Burdick in any way. Burdick, how
ever, had a lot of evidence, consisting
of letters written by Pennell to Mrs.
Burdick of such a gushing, love-sick
importuning nature that their publi
cation meant complete humiliation
and social ruin to their author. This
of all- others," says the judge, "was
the motive strong enough to incite *
a desperate mind, already steeped
in wrong doing, to so foul and cruel a
murder. Did he do it? Was he re
sponsible for it? He has returned
from meeting the dead man's wife the
day before the murder. He was here
that night. He was very much ex-
oitecL the next morning and "went and
purchased a revolver. The clerks
present at the sale state that at that
time he did not appear at all like
himself."
4
The judge then tells of Pennell's visit
to the Falls on the morning of the dis
covery of the murder, of his message to
his wife to bring the papers and their
failure to return for dinner that evening.
Continuing, the judge says in one of Pen
nell's letters to Mrs. Burdick there w as
a threat that he would kill her husband,:
"The cashier and bartender of a New
York hotel also testified that he said he
would kill a certain man, and Mrs'. Pen
nell had 'written Burdick a warning let
ter. Pennell. had complete knowledge of
the Burdick home and considering his re
lations with the family, it would have
been an easy matter for -him. "to oDtain. ._
a key thereto. Altogether these facts,
would, in my opinion, jCQnstituto Just
grounds of suspicion on which a warrant
could be "Issued were he" alive. That
^toujd not mean, hjowever, iba ne "wa
ai^-1S^OiriCfcv* thd right ioh *.. -! *
trial." -W.'^si - ~-f.,
The rjbpQri 'eettdnuesr: ^5**
He Must ?o Presumed Innocent.
, 4:
- "He can'never be placed on trial
here nor can the.ease ever be judicial
ly determined. Let us be as fair,
then, to the dead as the law presumes
us to be to the Irving. H e must be
presumed innocent until proven
guilty." * t
$ . .
forgiving husband. Mrs. Paine and M W
Hutchinson whose names have been un
fortunately brought into this case are, sa
far as this inquest is able to determine*'
completely exonerated.
Mrs. Hull In a Bad Light. "
After speaking of the actions of Mrs,
Hull and her testimony, the judge said:
Burdick's Character.
The court says:
"The evidence portrays him as a, loving
father and more than magnanimous and,
The opening of the windows from
the inside and no one having gone
through as indicated by the snow and
ice on the ledge, would indicate a
desire on the part of some one to
give this crime the appearance of a
burglar's work. The person who
waited there to wrap the head of his
victim in that blanket and pile pil
lows on his corpse was not a burglar.
Nothing has been missed from the
house, excepting Burdick's watch.
$ :
Dr. Howland's Honesty.
"Much credit should be given Dr. John
R. Howland for his refusal to entertain "'-
the suggestion of suicide. But for his ^
rugged honesty, we might never have
known that one of the most clever and
shocking murders of this or any other age
had been committed at our very* doors."
ties its strikes at all other points" W the \j*-r
cialf.n reached to-day by local No. 3, bridge and-,
structural iron workers of Pittsburg.
Waterbury, Conn.Eighteen men placed under
arrest on the charge of assault with intent to
kiU was the record of activity, on the part of
the police to-day in their efforts to discover ths
authors of Bome of the oiitbcraks of violence
that have occurred since the beginning of tb
strike of motormen and conductors of the Con
necticut Railway and Ughting company.eleven
weeks ago.
Cleveland, OhioAfter remaining in conference
hare for a week the committee from the Lak*
Carriers and delegates from the Marine Firemen.
Oilers and Water Tenders' Association failed
to come to an agreement on a schedule of wages
for the coming season, end the delegates left
for their homes. The men insisted upon f60 pr.
month for the entire season, and the lake carriers
were wiling to pay but |4& per month up to Oct.
1 and $63 per-month for the balance of th'^]
season.
Colorado SpringsAt an all-night conference ^
between President Moyer or the Western I'aa-"*-
eratlon of Miners and the executive committee 4-
of the miners union of the Cripple Creek dis-l&
trict it was decided that the original demand 3|
of President Moyer in the settlement of the^S
strike at the Standard mill of the United States) y
Reduction and Refining company, at Colorado. Jf
City, he. adhereoV to. The demand is that
the men employed be taken back in their oW"5**lal
positions within thirty days. This is the only
stumbling block in the way of a complete settle-'
raent.
Muncie,' Ind.A project is on foot among
skilled glass workers all oyer the country to &
unite their capital and begin the manufacture/-*"
of glass, even if they have to dispose of theN
product at a price which will give them but a -
bare living." The project is In compettttonv-wlth-*
the Mowing noachine ot the American ,w maoir.
Glass eomnajiy. The workmen eay they can b
tain outside capital to help. Baker Brother* ofs*
Arcadia is.forming a co-operative company .and n
sePing stock to all the workmen. It is figured
that by a reduction of 40 per cent concerns with
human blowers will be able to compete on aft.
equal footing with the trust's blowing xu*
chines.
Strikers Would Arbitrate. _^}
Seattle, March 31.At a meeting of the),' \ %
BtriKirtK car men last nigtrt it -was voted ""4
to reject absolutely the proposition of-~|S
fered by the Seattle Electric company. ln^
stead, a proposition will be made offerin
to refer the whole question. Including the
matter of .recognition of the union, to
board of arbitration. If the company re
fuses to do this, all peace negotiation*
will be called off and the fight will be o
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