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EW subjects taught by the de
partment of civil engineering
ure more fertile in promise of
benefit to the state than is
the subject of roadmaking,
especially in its relation to
To hasten the coming of good roads
thruout Minnesota the instruction in
roadmaking Is notably practical and
4&^ r", ,\5
Is the education offered at the Minnesota state university a prac-
tical education Is it an education which will help students in the
struggles of a commercial or technical career, or is it made up o_
"ologlea," frills and fancies of "advanced educators?"
To answer these questions President Cyrus Northrop has permitted
The Journal to make an investigation of the methods in vogue and
the results accomplished. The results have been embodied In a series
of articles of which this is the th,ird.
Anoka, Minn.,. Feb. 2 7. The Anoka
Benson debate held in the Methodist
church last night, before a large au
dience, resulted in a victory for the
visitors. The vote stood two far the
affirmative and one for the negative.
Preceding the debate the girls of
the sophomore and freshmen classes
held a spelling match, the sophomores
being victorious. Miss Grace Stead
man gave a violin solo.
Judge Arthur B. Giddings of the
eighteenth district presided, and an
nounced each debater. The contest
was between the seventh and eighth
congressional districts, and the ques
tion was: "Resolved. That American
Cities and "Villages Should Own and
Operate Their Public Utilities."
The Benson high school team com
prised Leon Smith, Hugh McCune and
Wylie Stone. Anoka was represented
by John Stewart, William Tuthill, and
Leon Smith presented several tables
showing the ratio of public to private
utilities, the debaters taking up only
electric lights, waterworks, sewers,
gas, telephone and street car
The cost of operating municipal
plants, as far as the taxpayer and con
sumer were concerned, was declared to
John'Stewart, on the negative, out
lined the growth of the system of
franchises. He quoted from the.press
of Sept. 27, 1903, showing the situa
tion of municipal ownership in Glas
gow, where the pawnshops were
owned by the city. He contended the
taxpayer got by far the short end in
Hugh McCune, perhaps the most
The debates last night WOUld indicate that the question is by no means a
Jug-handled one. as the affirmative- side won two of the contests and the
negative an equal number.
forceful speaker o the evening, gave
more attention to rhetoric and ora
tory, yet he showed good abtllty in
drawing comparisons between the
amount of money the private com
panies earned annually in excess of
their expenditures, citing the gas com
pany of New York, whose annual net
earnings amounted to $32,000,000.
Two-thirds of the Bell telephone com
pany's receipts, he asserted, were clear
firofits, and this money was all unjust
William Tuthill for the negative
pointed to the depreciation in values
and failures in many municipal plants.
Wlndom, Minn., had to raise its rates
to make both ends meet.
Wylie Stone laid more stress on the
corruption side of the question per
haps than the others. That good
municipal ownership was an impossi
bility, just so long as franchises could
be secured, was one of his declara
John Coleman closed for the nega
tive. He cited he difference in
wages made by the laborer in private
and-public plants, and showed that it
was in favor of the private plant.
After a vocal solo by Miss Alice
Griffith, eaoh debater was allowed five
minutes for rebuttal arguments. Miss
Eva Campbell played a piano solo.
Frank Willson of Stillwater, H. C.
Thompson and A. M. Murfln of Minne
apolis, acted as judges, and their de
cision was accepted with good grace
by all. The visitors were acknowl
edged as a strong, team.
South High School's Victory Is Hard
\By a hard-earned victory over Fair
niont high school, the debaters of
South high of Minneapolis won a
place in the semifinals last night. The
debate "was held in the large audito
rium of the South high school, and
ujly a thousand people were' present,
including at least one hundred from
th, Fairmont school, gathered about
a fanner. Near by were grouped the
legions of the South high. The'de
baters were well aware that they had
admirers in the audience, as every
point scored was enthusiastically ap
T&e "inners upheld the affirmative
of the question. South
WHAT IS THE vU fOF??M
HED HIVES VALLEY GOOD BOAD
Such as Engineering: Students Are Shown the Need of and Art of Making.
FIRST O CONTESTS
Beginning of the End in the State High School Debating Contests
for the Third SeasonSouth High of Minneapolis, Central of
St. Paul, Fergus Falls and Benson Left for the Next Round,
When Country Will Be Pitted Against City.
The first of the Interdistrlct debates in the State High School Debating
league were held last night and the way paved for the second round. Bloom-
ing Prairie" of the first district lost to St. Paul Central of the fourth Anoka
of the eighth was defeated by Benson of the seventh, and Long Prairie of the
sixth fell before the logic of Fergus Falls of the ninth. Fairmont of the sec-
ond district was defeated by ,tH$ S outh high team of Minneapolis from the
fifth district. The third congressional district is not represented in the league
complete. Every student in the
"roads" class must prove himself
competent, not only to reproduce such
roads as he may find hereabouts, but
more especially, to improve them
whenever possible. He is called upon
to make actual surveys of specimen
roads, and to indicate exactly how
these highways might be bettered.
Prom a thesis prepared by a "good
Young and Arthur Anderson. Ralph
Richardson, Franlc Tonne and John
Norris' were the Fairmont debaters.
One of the. judges was so impressed
with the weight of the arguments of
the Fairmont representatives that he
cast his vote in their favor.
The speakers were introduced by
Professor Anderson of the university.
The judges were Superintendent M.
M. Mclver, Hudson, Wis. Superin
tendent W. F. Kunze, Red Wing, and
Senator Albert Schaller of Hastings.
The orchestra of the South high add
ed variety to the program by playing
while the judges were balloting and
by a triumphant burst of sound after
the decision, was announced.
Brewer Gooasell opened the debate
for the affirmative and was followed
by Ralph Richardson for the negative.
All of the speakers produced favora
ble impressions. The debate was not
without its humorous side, and per
version of facts 'were alleged, by both
sides. Statistics were quoted and
comparisons made until the audience
was lost in a maze of figures. Gerald
Young and Arthur Anderson were
favorites, but Frank Tonne and John
Norris, the Fairmont supporters of
Ralph Anderson, caused them to keep
their wits about them.
When the decision of the judges
was announced, pandemonium broke
loose. The delighted South Siders
thronged upon the platforms and em
braced their debaters in an ecstacy
of delight. Fairmont gamely gave
their school yell and consoled the
losers by telling them that their de
feat was an honorable one.
Friends of the South Side high
school are giving much of the credit
for the triumph of their team to the
careful coaching of W. A. Westerson
of the South high faculty.
..._.., delivery. The most logical argument
resekted by Brewer Goodsell, Gerald and delivery-in best style was by Caleo
mild i MII iMrtiTBdfiBMM'li
ST. PAUL VS. BLOOMING PRAIRIE
Young Men of the Capital Take the
The St. Paul Central high school's
debating team last night won new
honors, and incidentally the cham
pionship of the first and second
congressional districts, by defeating
the three young ladies representing
the Blooming* Prairie high school.
The battle of words was fought out
in the St. Paul high school audito
rium, and a large crowd of enthusi
asts, both from the saintly city and
from Blooming Prairie were present
to cheer on their respective favor
ites. The St. Paul team has never
been defeated in its own auditorium,
and last night's victory was even more
enthusiastically received because it
did not mar the perfect record.
The affirmative was represented by
Blooming Prairie, with the following
team: Miss Regina Guthrie, Miss
Gena Ostby and Miss Ella McAdam.
St. Paul upheld, the negative with
Henry Hprwitz, Milton Firestone and
The judges, Professor Schlenker
and Messrs. Luby and Stanford, of the
Minnesota "U," gave a unanimous
decision in favor of the negative.
Judge Lewis presided. Vocal selec
tions were given by Miss Ethel Chel
lew and Grant Kelliher. Each speak
er was allowed ten minutes for his or
her main speech and five minutes for
LONG PRAIRIE INEXPERIENCED
Unanimous Decision for the Veteran
Team from Fergus Falls.
Special to The Journal.
Sauk Center, Minn., Feb. 27.The
inexperienced debating team of Long
Prairie suffered defeat by the Fergus
Falls tea mhere last n,ight. Mayor
Dubois was the presiding officer. The
opening address by Long Prairie was
made by Cassia HaskinS and Bert
Boen was the first speaker- on the
negative for Fergus Falls.
Long Prairie lost in large part on its
roads" student, a few extracts have
been made that will reflect the thoro
golng study demanded of his class."
The road that was thus submitted, in
fancy, to the han_. of progress is a
country'highway near the village of
Castle Rock, in, Dakota county, a
short distance south of Minneapolis,
as shown by a, map which accom
panied the thesis. Following is a
synopsis of the young. engineer's es
timates and recommendations:
"The farm products of nine square,
miles are hauled over a road approach
ing the village of Castle Bock from
the, south," writes Student N. H.
Bogus In laying out a proposed cut-off.
"Distance around,2% miles distance
across, 1% miles distance saved,^1%
"Hills on present route reduced to
equivalent of level grades, which in
creases the saving to 1% miles.
"In computing saving, a load is
taken as 2,500 pounds and wages at
$3 per day for team and man. A day's
work called three loads for a distance
of four miles. This gives fourteen
cents as the cost per ton per mile.
"Five thousand seven hundred and
sixty acres In crops are found to yield
3.110 tons. This, makes the additional
cost of marketing 3,110 tons $760 more
than it need be.
"Seven hundred and sixty dollars
capitalized at 5 per cent gives $15,200,
Which sum can be expended in making
road across slough without pecuniary'
loss. Anything less than this amount
will be so much gained. No account
is taken of benefits to the general
public using the road.
Cost of Cut-Off.
"Most of bank made from side
ditches gravel for surface obtained
with average haul of 1,000 feet.
13.000 cubic jards of earth work at 15c.$1,950.00
1,950 cubic yawls of gravel at 27c 526.50
3,500 cubic yards of drains at 10c 350.00
Total ost of earth work $2,826.50
Timber for Jive 3x3 culverts, 6,380 feet
board measure at $22 per 1,000 140.36
Hogan of Fergus Falls, tho Harry
Jacobson gained many points for the
negative by his quickness and, good de
The Long Prairie team consisted of
Cassia Haskiris, Harry Sargeant and
Clyde Richert, who used most of their
time in giving statistics. The follow
ers of both high schools were on hand
to applaud frequently. Fergus Falls'
yell would be given only to be drowned
by the "Rah-rah-rah" of Long
Prairie. About 200 persons and a
band came from Long Prairie. The
decision -was unanimous-'in favor of
The judges were Mr. James of
Breckenridge, A. J. Cranston of St.
Cloud and A. R. Davidson of Little
Lanesboro and Austin.
Speoial to The Journal.
Lanesboro, Minn., Feb. 27.Three
high school debaters from Austin met
a like number from the Lanesboro
High school last evening and discuss
ed the question of municipal owner
ship of public utilities. No decision
was made, it being an informal de
bate. All did well, and won honors
and applauselaurels that older as
pirants for literary fame might covet.
The trio from Austin were: Lafayette
French, Gertrude Kline, and Roy
Adams those from Lanesbord: Olive
Crowe, Lizzie, Casey and Theodore
STUDENTS IN DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO ROAD MAKING
PROF. W. E. HOAO
In Charge- of ^Highway Engineering in. "IT" Civil
lion. 550, lbs- at 3e-'*?. !-VJk-..'.!..., 16-.50
Two 4x4 culverts, 3,SOS board measure
at $22 88.75
257 pounds iron at Sc 7.62
Total cost of culvert material...
Cost of labor for building culverts:
One foreman, 6 days at $4
Three carpenters, 6 days at $2.50
Cost of erection
Total cost of culvert $:J26.26
Rolling and finishing surface 800.00
Engineering services 100.00
Cost of right ot -way _, 307.00
Grand total $3,659.76
"Annual cost of repair estimated
"Saving of $760, less repairs, $660,-
"This is the amount available each
Long Prairie's Team Which Made Its First Appearance Last Night and Was Defeated by Fergus Falls.
GEEAtD YOUNO. BREWER G00DSELL. ARTHUR ANDERS01T.
ST. PAUL CENTRAL'S WINNING TEAM.
HENRY HARWITZ. PAUXi GAUGER. _-I_XO.N 1 K.IE.BTON.
JAPAN'S AUGUST ffAME
The Vast Majority of the Japanese
Have Never Heard of Japan.
The vast majority of the Japanese
have never heard of Japan, says Doug
las Sladen in his book "Queer Things
About Japan." They call their country
Nihon, or Nippon, and even this name
has only been in use for thirteen or
fourteen centuries. Before that, says
Mr. Chamberlain, dt was called Yama
to, which is properly the name of one
of the provinces. Since the Japanese
have traced a resemblance between
the position of their islands off Asia,
and the British islands off Europe,
and have determined on founding an
empire like the British empire, they
have called their country Dai Nippin
Great Japan, as Englishmen call
theirs Great Britain: Probably
Marco *Polo is 'responsible for
the Japanese islands never be
ing called by their own name
in foreign countries. He heard the
Chinese talking about a country which,
being still further easf""than China,
they called Jih-Pensun-origin, a
Chinese way of expressing the place
that the sun comes from, and rounded
the name into Zipanguwhich became
Cipangoat least that is Mr. Cham
berlain's account of it and one can
take anything that he says, or that
Sir Ernest Satow says, about Japan as
gospel. He quotes another name for
year with which to pay interest, on
first cost, and to reduce- principal.
About ten years will pay- the -whole
"Hence, a the end of this time,
the community would not only have a
good road, ,b_i would be richer by the
capitalized value of $550 at the an
nual rate per* cent, or about $11*000."
Professor William R. Hoag, chief of
the department of civil engineering, is
in/charge of the good roads work at
the university, that is, more technical
ly, he is in charge of "highway en
gineering." He is an acknowledged
expert on the subject. He hag been
president of the Minnesota Good
Roads association and' of the State
Surveyors' association. He has read
papers upon "Good Roads" before the
state convention, called at New Orleans
several years' ago ,wheh the United
States "good roads", train visited
Louisiana before a national "good
roads" convention at Chicago, and be
fore an international convention at
About fifteen years ago, Professor
Hoag, introduced at the -university a
short course in
He .was among
highwayt engineering.develo the firs to
such a course as part of the civil en
gineers' professional training. He has
visited numerous road laboratories,
both in this country and abroad,. and
has introduced what few laboratory
tests he could conduct with.improvised
apparatus. He has also used appara
tus belonging to the city or to various
university departments, tho such ma
chines were often but ill adapted to
History of Highway Construction.
In the course of instruction in hign
way classes ,the student first devotes a
short time to learning the historical
development of highway construction.
Then he is made acquainted with the
forces at work in this state for the
betterment of its highways such as
Japan, which means The Luxuriant
Reed Plains the land of-Fresh.-
Rice Ears of long Ave hun
dred Autumns but I have for
gotten how to spell it in Japanese. It
is rather long. In any case, it is
comforting to know that the Land-of
the-Rising-Sun is the literal meaning
of the word Japan.
In Japan the tailor makes the wom
an. The Japanese in a top hat or a
cocked hat treats his wife in a bonnet
as his better half he lets her walk be
side him, and pays her all sorts of
lofty compliments, tho there are no
doors to hold open, and it is no use
offering her a chair. But once back in
kimonas and clogs, the new order
changeth, "giving place to the old. He
is the ^ord of. creation, and she is the
Asiatic wife, who follows him like a
maid in the street, mends and washes
his clothes, wakes him- in the morn
ing and makes a oup of tea for him
before he leaves his august bed on the
floor and generally plays the devoted
slave to him and his father and his
mother and any elder brothers he may
have about the house, and their wives.
It is a comfort that none of his broth
ers can make him divorce her his
father or mother' can, and often do,
if she is unsympathetic as a domestic.
$22.50 to the Kootenay
Via the Soo Line. Every day in
March and April. Ticket Office 119
1 South Third Street^,~^- &-*,
cycle clubs, state engineering societies,
good roads organization, state and
county. The course is Resigned not
a little to render the prospective, en
gineer a thoughtful ooserver of streets
and highways as well as-
a helpful fac
tor in the community for the improve
ment of it3 highways.
Visits are made to permanently
good yoads, when possible, and to hab
itually poor roads. The causes that
have led to these different results are
discussed, identified, and reported
upon. City pavements of both'classes
are likewise visited, and full reports
One of the oldest miniature por
traits in the city is a likeness of Dr.
William Culleri done on porcelain and.
handed down for many generations in
the family of W- H. Lammas, the con
tractor, of 1909 Aldrich avenu S.
In the family Bible, Mr. Lammas ap
pears as. William Edwin .Hamlin Cul
len Lammas, a cognomen which indi
cates that Dr. Cullent was an ancestor
of his. The miniature is sadly de
faced by time, but enough remains to
show a-' studious-looking gentleman
in a flowing wig.- Dr. Cullen was one
of the most famous physicians of his
time. He was born in Lanarkshire,
Scotland, in 1712, and. in 17 6 obtained
the chair of chemistry in Edinburgh,
where he practiced medicine with suc
cess. He published "First Lines of
the Practice of- Physics," his chief
work, in which he propounded novel
pathological theories and which -was
SOFT SPOT IN MINNEAPOLIS STREET
translated into all European Ian-***'
guages. Following this he published"
a number of works relating to the
practice of medicine. He died Feb. 5,
are submitted for approval of the deT
Need of a Laboratory.
The highway classes are somewhat
embarrassed by the lack of complete
equipment in their laboratory. A.
first-class laboratory, says Professor
Hoag, should be prepared to maka
Professor Hoag has also perfected
a design of his own which he believes
will bring tests to the simulation of
street traffic. He hopes to construct
very soon a machine of this hew pat
The Kind of Thiris -Students of Civil Engineering Are Taught to Remedy.
A VALUED HEIRLOOM
One of the Oldest Miniatures in the City is a Portrait of Dr. Wm.
Oullen, an Ancestor of W. H. Lammas, the Contractor. &>
HOW PURDY IS "MAKING GOOD"
Former Minneapolis Attorney a Leading Actor in the Dramatic Trial
of Postoffice Officials at Washington.
WOMAN BARBER LIKE A MAN
rs One of the Boys, but Takes No Im
Addison, Mich., special to the Pitts
This, village has a woman barber
who has .not only assumed a man's
occupation, but, as far as possible, af
fects the dress and ways of a man.
Her name is Miss Nellie Cleveland.
Because of a drunken father when she
was a small girl she was shunned by
the girls of her own age. Driven to
seek companionship elsewhere she be
gan to associate- with the boys, even
to being a member of a boys' ball
team. Gradually she came to con
sider herself as one of the bdys and
was looked upon by them as such.
Several years ago she established a
barber shop in Addison and she now
has one of the finest shops in South
ern Michigan, considering the size of
the town, and receives the beBt pa
tronage of the village.
Miss' Cleveland wears her hair
short artd parted on the side. She
dons a white skirt, with coat and vest,
cap and a boy's overcoat. Her feet
are covered by a pair of boy's shoes
and she affects a mannish swagger on
the street. Indeed, were it not for
her skirts, she would appear'to be
DR., WM. CTJLLEN.
From the old miniature partially restored
M. D.-Purdy, former United States district attorney for Minnesota, andLf
now assistant attorney general at Washington, is playing an important parity
in the trial of A. W. Machen. the accused postoffice official. He. opened for^
the government In a four-hour address and is handling the prosecution in ai~-~"
way that has attracted favorable comment The accompanying picture from
the Washington Post shows "Purd" in a characteristic attitude, enlarging
upon Machen's turpitude. t?W'
handsome boy. Even the skirts, sh
says, she would like to discard for thev
more sensible nether garmentsworn~
Since she has grown to young,
womanhood and the boys withirciont
she has always associated l*Cve be
gun to mingle with-the faiT sex, she,
too, has sought her out a girl. She
frequently invites the young lady of
her choice to accompany her to this
or that function, hiring the carriage
and calling for her friend, shows her
all the courtesies and attentions that
a young man shows to his sweetheart,
even to assisting her Into and from
Miss Cleveland will tolerate no. ad-,
vances from her patrons, and.woe be
tide the man who attempts ,to bex
"funny" with her. Such have been
known to leave her shop without,
being \given time to a much as re-v
mow the lather from their faces, ifn-N
pelled hence by Miss Cleveland's ath
Via Sioux Line $25.00 to rj
Portland, Seattle, Tacoma, New West
minster, Vancouver. Victoria,
Nanaimo and other North Pacifib
Coast points.- Tickets on sale every*
day in March and April. Ticket Office
119 South Third Street,