PRICE TWO CENTS.
Democratic National Convention
in Session Thruout the
BRYAN MAKES HIS
LAST GREAT EFFORT
Hearst Receives 204 Votes, but
Nomination Is Finally Made
S Louis, Mo., July 9.Chief Judge
Alton B. Parker of the New Yo rk
state court of appeals was nominated,
at about fifteen minutes to 6 o'clock
this morning, for president of he
United States by the democratic na
tional convention. But one roll call
ensued, and so decisive was the re
sult of that one that contrary, states
beg un to oall for recognition, and the
ballot finally resulted in a unanimous
vote for the New Yo rk statesma n.
The scene was dramatio in the ex
treme. Darkness had witnessed he
gathering of he democrat ic hosts,
while broad daylight, the sun paling
the electric light, witness ed the close.
The convention was in session from
8 o'clock last night until nearly 6
o'clock this morning. In th at time
eight names were presented to he
Nominating and seconding speeches
innumerable were made, and when
dawn appeared it became necessary to
limit the seconding speeches to four
A extension was made in the case
of "William J. Bryan, who, in one of
the most dramatic situations ever wit
nessed in a political gathering, ad
dressed the convention, and concluded
by seconding he nomination of Sen
ator Francis M. Cockrell, "the favorite
so n" candidate from Missouri. Mr.
Bryan received the third great ova
tion aocorded during the convention.
His Bpeech was an Impassioned ap
pe al to the delegates to give the party
a candidate who had voted the demo
cratic ticket in 1896 arid 1900.
spoke on behalf of he Nebraska del
egation, which he said had no candi
date to present or favors to ask, but
wanted a candidate whose nomina
tion would not prove a triumph for
one faction over another.
Bryan for Cockrell.
VOTE IS ANNOUNCED
PARKER NAMED AT
PA IN OF THE DAY
suggest ed Hearst if the con
vention thought best, then former
Governor Pattison of Pennsylvania,
and finally created a surprise in the
convention by declaring for Senator
One of he features of he lon g
drawn-out session had been he beau
tiful tribute paid to Senator Cockrell
when his name was placed in nomi
nation by Representative Champ
Clark. It was a spontaneous outburst,
and for th at reason he more compli
mentary to the senator.
he delegates, already weary by
reas on of the tedious and trying ses
sion, paused in their labors, and in the
guise of a nomination for the presi
dency which he senator's friends
knew to be beyond his reach, indulged
in a demonstration continuing about
half an hour. Near ly every delegate
and spectator in the galleries or on
the floor had been provided with a
flag and the scene was far he most
impressive of all he ovations given
during the session.
The thousan ds of cheering persons
apparently converted Mr. Bryan to
the belief that Senator Cockrell's
chances of nomination were greater
than other favorite-son candidates.
he Nebraskan gained recognition
goon after the Cockrell demonstration,
and in a spee ch directed undoubtedly
in an effort to defeat Parker, made his
electrifying plea for the anti-Parker
forces to rally. was given the
closest attention. The great conven
tion, which he police and the ser
geant-at-arms were powerless to con
trol, listened as tho every word were
a personal message to each person,
as if a hypnotic spell had be en cast
over the throng.
Worker Farces Unshaken.
But when it was all over, the Par
ker forces had not been shaken.
The ballot for president gave Parker
658 votes out of he 667 needed to
nominate, and before he result could
be announced, Idaho, Nevada, Wash
ington and others made changes to
the Parker colum n.
Governor Dockery of Missouri
moved to make the nomination unani
mous and it carried amidst increasing
cheers. The result of the ballot was
nev er announced officially and it is
not likely th at it ever will be.
The convention took a recess yes
terday until 8 o'clock last night for
the purpose of receiving the report of
the committee on resolutions. The
report was received and adopted by a
viva voce vote. A far as surface in
dications were concerned there was no
more opposition to the platform than
there had been to that accepted unani
mously by he republican convention
in Chicago a few weeks ago.
Nominations were Immediately pro
ceeded with. Alabama yielded to New
York and Judge Parker's name was
the first presented to the convention.
A fter that. Hearst, Gray, Cockrell,
Wall, Williams, Olney and Miles were
named in speeches which took nearly
the entire night.
Parker Claims Made Good.
In he end, all the claims of he
Parker forces were proved accurate.
Parker had within a few votes of
enough to nominate and these were
forthcoming. The speeches, which
had been cheer ed so lo ng and loudly,
had neither made nor lost time. he
Parker forces, under perfect organi
sation, remained serene.
After the nomination had been made
i the convention adjourned to 2 p.m.,
when a candidate for vice president
will be chosen.
c After the close of the convention,
,..\many of he figures prominent in the
'contest ware surrounded by friends
I |n,df Jjeartily ongratuJatel Jttotabla
MARTIN W. LITTLETON,
New Yorker Who Nominates Parker
among these were Dav id B. Hill of
New York, who has been in actual
charge of Parker's campaign.
laughed and cried alternately.
In a section of the hall sat Mrs.
Hall, daughter of Jud ge Parker. With
a party of friends she remained thru
out the night. She showed her hap
piness with tears.
William B. Sheeha n, who has done
the personal work for Judge Parker,
and August Belmont were Jubilant
ovar he result.
One of the uno st interesting phases
of the convention was he fact that
altho early evening was succeeded by
darkness, darkness by dawn, and dawn
by sunlight, at least two-thir ds of all
spectators, 80 per ce nt of them women,
remained until the nomination was
Mr. Bryan left the convention hall
a few minutes before he nomination
was made unanimous, but not before
he knew that Judge Parker was nom
inated. To he several correspondents
who were waiting for him at his hotel,.
he said that he had nothing to add
to what he had said in he convention,
which was that he would support any
candidate nominated on he platfo rm
he had assisted in making.
"I have not slept for" hours," he
said. "Good night."
It may be added th at those of a
superstitious turn of mind may be en
couraged by the fact th at Judge Par
ker was not nominated on Friday,
he convention met at 8 o'clock
When, after a noisy opening, Sena
tor Daniels advanced to read he plat
form, he convention composed itself
and warning had to be given by he
reading clerk th at quiet must be pr e
Senator Danie ls ceased reading the
platform at 8:53 o'clock. When it
was noticed that he had finished, the
convention broke into cheers.
Senator Daniels said:
"I am unanimously instructed by
your committee on platform to move
the previous question on its adoption
and I now make th at motion."
It was adopted by a viva voce vote,
two or three delegates voting in he
negative, and they apparently in a
spirit of fun. Chairman Clark then
put he motion to adopt the report
and another viva voce vote carried it.
Temporary Chairman Williams
mounted the steps leading up to he
platform, swung his hat round his
head and the delegates, following hia
lead, voiced their applause again and
again while he band played "Hail,
Nomination for President.
"The clerk will now call he roll of
states for the nomination of a candi
date for president," shout ed the chair
A Wild cry of delight came from the
"Alabama," shrieked he clerk.
'"Alabama yields to the empire state
of New York," called Delegate Bus
sell of Alabam a.
Marlin W. Littleton of New York,
of medium height and sturdy figure,
with a full, clean-shaven face, with a
heavy mass of dark brown hair, tossed
back from his brow and ears, took the
stand amid ringing applause to place
Judge Parker in nomination. said:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Con
vention: "We do not expect here that stu
pid peace which smells of chloroform. W
do not wish that unctuous unanimity
which springs from the unconflicting emo
tions of a solitary man. W would not
have our harmony in a single harness.
We, too, love the stir of a strenuous life
but we believe in equal strenuousness for
all and special strenuousness for none. W
do not derive our power from the seats
of th mighty, but from the souls of the
humble. We do not ask for inane agree
ment springing from faithless fire but
rather outbursts of dissension issuing
from robust freedom. W are not in ex
ecutive session, but rather in the oom
mittee of the whole. W were sent here
by the people to select a candidate. W
were not sent here by the candidates to
notify the people,
Our adversaries, by dwelling tenderly on
the simplicity of the lamented McKinley,
managed to endure for three days the
strenuous ity of Roosevelt. By counting
in affectionate terms the achievements of
the one they evoked an enthusiasm which
they immediately credited to the other.
Thru tears that were shed for the noble
dead they saw a larger outline of the liv
ing. Driven by lash and lured by luck they
called on all the sacred dust to keep
their spirits up.
Set to run for three full days the pen
dulum petered out, the hands stuck fast,
and only a strenuous shake could make
the wheels go round. Spiritless in the dull
mask they worked uphill against the grain
and gravity of the hour.
Under the Whip.
Without the master whom they had
learned to love, they lingered listless un
der the whip of one they have learned
to fear. Stripped of premeditated pomp
and shorn of soothing phrase, the occa
sion meant no more or less than an era
of boots and spurs. Take away the tribute
to the dead and all that is left is a horse
man on the slopes of San Juan. Remove
Continued on Thixa Fasr%
BY THE JAPANESE
This Will Probably Necessitate
Early Russian Evacuation of
Special to The Journal.
Paris, July 9.Messages received In St.
Petersburg report that the Japanese, after
suffering considerable loss, have succeeded
In capturing the second line of defenses
of Port Arthur.
General Kuropatkln Is now blamed in
St. Petersburg for remaining at Llao
yang Instead of retiring to Mukden. That
General Stakelburg should be given such
an Important command as the right wing
of Kuropatkln's army Is ridiculed, as
Stakelburg's health Is said to be bad.
Tokio, July 9.After severe fight
ing, General Oku occupied Kai-chau
The capture of Kai-chau throws
the Japanese line clear aoross he
Liao-tung peninsula, and from the
Ya lu river to the Liiao-tung gulf. Kai
chau is about twenty-five miles south
of Yin-kow, the port of Niu-chuang,
and Yln-koW is about thirty-five miles
southwest of Hai-cheng, which is on
he railway and twelve miles to the
southeast of N4u-ohnan#. r^^.*^.*:.r^.,
St. Petersburg, July 9, 2:10 p.m.
The capture of Kai-chau by he Jap
anese, announced from Tokio today,
is not officially confirmed at the war
office, but there is no disposition to
question he report, as he latest ad
vices made plain that the Japanese
were advancing in force along the
railroad against he Russian position*
The occupation of Kai-chau is im
portant to the Japanese, as it brings
them within reach of Niu-chuang,
Ifacilitating General Oku's juncture
with General Kurokl. They may al
ready be in touch.
The Japanese reports of the severity
of the fighting might indicate Kuro
patkln's desire to ho ld Kai-chau as
lo ng as possible to prevent a Juncture
of the Japanese armies, but the
threatening position of the Japanese
columns eastwa rd may have rendered
The Democratic Bo^
SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 9,^1904.
PARKER NOMINATED ON I1HE FIRST BAISLOT
HIS RUNNING MATEWILL E CHOSEN
THE WAR FOR THE WEEK
The most important news of the week from the seat of war is that received
today, announcing the capture, after heavy fighting by General Oku's army, of
Kai-chau. There was great activity Thursday around Ta-tche-kiao, in a
movement toward Kai-chau. The Russians could not stem the movement.
The capture of Kai-chau means that the Japanese line now extends clear
across the Liao-tung peninsula, and that the Russians will probably have to get
out of Niu-chuang in short order.
The Japanese have also been pressing closer to Port Arthur, both on land
and sea. A desperate attempt to get into the harbor was made early in the
week by four torpedo boat destroyers. Only one of the vessels escaped.
The Russian report of the sinking of several Japanese war vessels by the
Vladivostok squadron has not been confirmed.
Manchuria has been deluged with rain, but this does not seem to have de-
terred the Japs from pushing the fight
Following is he way the states
voted on the first ballot, not taking
count of the changes. When West
Virginia was reached and it was seen
Parker would win on the first ballot,
there was a great, rush for he band
wagon and many .votes were changed.
These changes arts not shown in the
.^'Parkec Hearst. Others.
Colorado $* 5 1
Delaware (Gray) 6
Florida 6 4
Kansas 7 io 8
Maine .....T 1
Massachusetts (Olnay) 82
Minnesota 9 9 4
Missouri (Cockrell),. 86
Nebraska 4 12
New Hampshire ..,,8
New Jersey J,* 24
New York 78
North Carolina ....JY. 24
North Dak. (WttiaiLtt 8
Ohio ..,....,....A '40
Oregon 2 8
Rhode iBland 2 6
South, Dakota .ritSSjC. '--AfVs ^v#*
Tennessee .......,'f JA S
Texas ...j. 36
Utah 6 *i.'...
Virginia .A 24
West Virginia 10 2 2
Wisconsin (Wall) 26
District of Columbia.. 6
Indian Territory 5 1
Hawaii j"\" 6 w
New Mexico 6
Oklahoma 2 2 2
Porto Rico ..jt 2 4
Totals 648 204 188
You'll find the first
of the Dooley Articles
on page zi.
HARMON IN LEAD
FOB SECOND PLACE
Conference of Parker Leaders
Endeavors to Settle on Vice
St. Louis, July 9.Senator Hill did
not take off his clothes when he
reached his hotel this morning, but
after refreshing both the inner and
outer man, Joined William Shee
han, Colonel J. M. Guffey of Pennsyl
vania, Thomas Taggart of Indiana,
John P. Hopkins of Illinois in a con
ference to determine who should be
he running mate of Judge Parke r.
The conference began about half
past 10, and messengers were sent to
almost every state headquarters ask
ing leaders of delegations to come.
Senator Hill said th at the contest
was entirely open. intimat ed th at
he candidate would come from the
middle west states.
Among those whose names were
mentioned prior to he conference and
who had emissaries ready to present
their claims were Kern of Indiana,
Williams of Illinois, Daniel of Vir
ginia, McLean of Ohio, Harmon of
Ohio, Dockery of Missouri, and Beck
ham of Kentucky. It was pretty
thoro ly known among the Parker
leaders a few minutes after he con
ference met that Judson Harmon of
Ohio was their choice, with Kern of
Indiana second and. Williams of
The southern candidates were prac
tically eliminated, and Mr. Kenrs
candidacy suffered from the fact that
Mr. Tagga rt of Indiana is a prominent
candidate for chairman of the nation
al committee. The probabilities are
that the national oommittee this
afternoon will take a reoess until next
,week in New York city, when it will
elect its new chairman. This is to
be taken so that Judge Parker may
nave a voice.
The name of Gray of Delaware was
mentioned for he vice presidency, but
the geographical Situation of he state
worked against him.
Pittsburg, July 9.Another cut of 5
cents in the price of all grades of oil
was made today by the Standard Oil
FAIR TONIGHT AND SUNDAY WARMER
ALTON B. PARKER,
.emocratlo Party's Nominee for the
HEARS THE NEWS
Reaches Him at His Morning
SwimStill Refuses to
Bsopus, N Y., July 9.The news
of Judge Parker 's nomination was
given to him at 6.50 a.m. today by
the correspondent of he Associated
Press, who found him clambering out
of the Hudson river after his morn
The judge's ruddy face broke into
a cheery smile in which satisfaction
was undisguised, when he heard the
news. asked for details and dis
played the liveliest interest in every
fact and figure, at the same time re
fraining from he slightest comment,
When asked if he would say any
thing, he only said:
"No, I. shall say nothing whatever
until I am formally notified of my
climb ed up he steep bank to
his house and cordially received the
greetings of other newspaper men
From 9:45 pm, until after 6 a,m.
Judge Parker remained in his room,
which he left for his usual swim.
knew then only that balloting had
begun. The re is little doubt th at
Judge Parker has been confident for
many days that he would be nomi
nated, and it was plain that the an
nouncement brought him no surprise.
Judge Parker devot ed his first
leisure to readi ng he platform,
refused to make any comment. Af
terwar ds he started for a ride on
MOTHER'S TEARS O JOY
Mrs. Parker Hopes Her Son Will
Derby, Conn., July 9.The news of
Judge Parker's nomination was
brought to Mrs. Parker, mother of the
democrat ic nominee, by the Associated
Press. Tears well ed to her eyes and
for a moment she could not speak.
Then she said: "I had hoped that if
his nomination would be the best
thing for he party he would be nomi
nated. And now, if his election will
be the be st thing for the country, I
Bincerely hope that he will be elected."
She said that Judge Parker was a
personal friend of President Koose
velt and within a year or two had
made him a visit at his Oyster Bay
home. Mrs. Parker is 80 years old.
Parker Will Make Financial Plank.
St. Louis, July 9*A Parker
ma n, so olose to he demooratio
candidate as to make his words
practically an echo of Judge Parker
declared that Parker would in his let
ter of acceptance deal with he finan
cial question in a specific manner on
tho lines advocated by Hill of New
York and Williams of Mississippi be
fore the committee on resolutions.
Sidetrack for Parker.
New York, July 9.A sidetrack to
the home of Judge Parker at Esppus,
N. Y., was ordered today by the West
Shore for he increased business an
MASKED MEN ROB
Omaha Freight Crew and a Pas
senger Made to Surrender
Bpeoial to The Journal.
Mankato, Minn., July 9.Freight
train No. 24, northbound, on he
Omaha, was held up last night by two
Conductor E Ritz, Brakeman O. P.
Tainer and E Lentz of Brookings,
S. D., who travels for the Garnble
Hobinson Commission company, Min
neapolis, were forced to hand over
their valuables, but Lentz had con
cealed a large roll of bills and he
robbers got very little. They handed
his watch back to him.
The police of this city were notified
and the robbers were arrested while
crossing the Blue Earth river bridge.
Subsequent ly Lents identified them,
They gave the names of Thomas
Murray and Charles Sanders. The
latter had a gun, Which he drew whan
arrested, but was forced to drop It.
28 PAUISSSIMM O'CLOCK.
BIRTH IN ST. LOUIS
DEATH BLOW TO
Conservatives in the Saddle, and
Party Apparently United *j$
'he men will be held, Sanders has alto S Louis in part to bury Bryan
bullet wound. but -wftetttiy in I* ww^
Coqtfnsgd, $ & Sgfion
HILL PRTMAITE IN &te
Bryan's Triumph a Personal One,
a Tributeito the Orator. Not
From a Staff Conespondent.
St. Louis, Mo., July 9.What tW*
republican national convention at
Chicago lacked in the picturesque
and in intensity the democratic na
tional convention at St. Louis, at its
all-nig ht session, closing at 6 o'clock
this morning with the nomination of
Judge Alton B. Parker for the presi
dency, supplied, and supplied in
It was one of he most thrilllngly
interesting sessions of any national
convention -within the memory of men
now living, and the best proof of this
is he fact that the immense hall,
seasting 11,500 persons, was filled
when he moment of adjournment was
reached. Women as well as men,
and the re were many of them in the
audience, sat thru the long hours of
the night, and were as fully alive as
the men to the unusu al character of
the contest they were witnessing.
The earlier hours of he night and
morning were occupied with speeches,
nominiating presidential candidates
and seconding nominations. A times
these speeches were tiresome, espe
cially ^when some one with a poor
voice came forward. On these oc
casions ,the vast audience showed
good-natured impatience, and indi
cated its desire to have the business
proceed as swiftly as possible for a
The ^ehairman made liberal use of
the gavel'to preserve order, and he
was fairly, successful. What disorder
there was, and it was much in evi
dence at times, resulted more, from
the policy now followed by both great
parties of making their national con
ventions as large as possible and not
from any premeditated proceedings.
The experience at both Chicago
and St. Louis this year suggests the
wisjdoni of smaller conventions.
In spite of he lo ng flow of oratory
lasting from 9 p.m. until 5 a.m., the
general interest was well
sustained.f**)*rdehcaer. he dramatic climax was
when, at 5 o'clock, the speeches being -w
nearly finished, Bryan came to thev4.
platform, presumably to second, on be-*"
half of Nebraska, the nomination of
Cockrell. did this, but he did
much more. he gray dawn was'
breaking when the speaker began, and
before he had finished, forty minutes
later, daylight was at hand in full,^
On the day before, Bryan had ap-*
peared before the convention as he
attorney for the contesti ng delegates
for Ilinois. This was his first appear
ance in a national convention since
he made himself famous in a single
speech in Chicago in 1896. His speech
of Thursday, however, was a spee ch of
an attorney. argued he Illinois
case, and he argued it well. had tha
right^ on his side, too, and in Justice
the convention should have decided
with him, but it didn't. It deliberately
made he vote, which should have
been on the merits of he Illinois con-j
test, a test of relative strength of the -y
Bryan and anti-Parker forces in thd)\'
This morning, however, Bryan ap-.''
peared before the convention in tho.^j
role of its leader in two great national*" 4
campaigns, to render an account of
his stewardship, to analyze these oam-,
paigns, to tell of their weak points^
and to give advice as to he future.
was never in. better form.. Alt ho
he talked for forty minutes,, it did
not seena one-quarter of that time, so
complete ly did he have the attention
of his hearers.
Applause fop Bryan.
Applause followed applause at short
intervals, and it was only stopped by
holding up both his hands as if to ask
for silence. i
"I may not have fought a good
fight," he said. "I may have finished
my course, but there is nobody who
can say I have not kept the faith.".
said everything he wanted to say
about the opposition of the eastern
democracy to his candidacy in 1896
and again in 1900, but he said it with
"Do you think I have come here
part of a minority," he said, "because
I enjoy such, an environment? No, I
am here as he representative of
6,600,000 American citizens who were
loyal to he democratic party in two
unsuccessful campaign s, to speak for
them on an. importa nt oooaslon and
see that their position is correctly
The speech was full to running over
with th at choice phraseolo gy of which
Bryan is a master. It was eloquent,
tactful, sane. explained how
had helped make a platform on
which the whole party could stand,
and then he pleaded for a candidata
behind whom he party could place
Itself. named Cockrell, Hearst
and Pattison as candidates whom he.
could support, and made an argu
ment and plea against the nomination
of Judge Parker, but without naming
It was the belief of the party lead
ers up to this morning that Bryan was
dead. His speech has changed that
current of talk. is again very
muoh alive. has a warmer placsi
in he demooratio heart at this mo-|
ment than he has had since 1896 an*
is in a position to recover much of hia
Sp while the democratic party cam*
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