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$fePLENTY OF LAND IN
1 WESTERN CANADA
Contrast With Conditions in the U.
S. as Evidenced by Rose-
":?2 bud Rush.
Prosperity ContinuesThe Canadian
Pacific Railway Alone I Spending
$10,000,000 on Improvements.
land (nth* United States in the humid
[WBstewvCanada, on the other hund,
has about 150,000*000 acres of good
lands remaining that are open to
homestead, and about 20,000,000 acres
tfaa* may be purchased very cheaply.
to the average i
been years in
Bpeoial to The Journal.
Winnipeg, Man., July 9.Much In
terest is being taken in western Can
ada in the opening of the Rosebud those crops yielded less than 20 bush-
reservation, because of the striking els to the acre,
demonstration it affords of the differ- Some Striking Figures,
ence between the United States and
Canada as to publio lands. age yield per acre of wheat in Mani-
The 898.000 acres of land in the toba, the_ Northwest Territories^
Rosebud reservation, for which 50,,M
United States 12.3
pese pro a
Wheat States tnai 11inaraiy^iSJritofies-
Seems DOS l
nSh a Sd the peliing"retail dealer to charg S^rote"
fnir test. Th crop= o^ 1900 was thL tiers. 'ir this"connection
lair test J.n
smallest in all these years.
WHEAT THRESHING SCENE IN WESTERN CANADA.
following figures give the aver-
While 60,000 people are rushing STo^M^ ESfelTS oats^nS
after 89&0O0 acres of land in South about 10,000,000 bushels of barley are
Dakota, at $4.60 an acre, about 100,- raised in western Canada. Flax-rais-
000 are annually taking up the free ing is just beginning, and with very
lands of'western Canada. Here there satisfactory results. The total .area ^""t^nrabi anVTaaUne* that~nature
are 1.T00 acres of good land, free seeded to wheat, oats, barley and nax
Jand for every settler there there this year is something over 5,000,000
are only about ten acres to every acres, distributed as follows: Wheat,
FQUld-be, settle** 3,420,000 oats, 1,205,000 barley,
Herein lies the main explanation of 392,000 flax, 65,000. Should this
the great influx of settlers into we3t- turn out to be another bumper yield
fromothe states, which hats
neso'ta North "Dakota and" the Unite store manager, has secured options on
States as a whole during the past lots having a frontage of 266 feet on
000 people are longing, may be said
to be the last morsel of good public 1900. 1001. 1902. 1908 depth of 640 feet. It is said to be Mr.
16.4 Batons intention to erect a large de-
19.0 partment store on this property.
12.7 Inexhaustible Soil.
Other Grains Raised.
As for other grains than wheat
Canada west promises to become a
ew beenCanada so marked recent years Las
year 4M0& Americans found homes
hx western Canada, and in seven years
132*000 .Aaxierlcans have settled in this
Much tftk free land is, of course re OAPITAIi IS CONFIDENT.
mote from railways, but excellent iand
can be had very cheaply near railway Canadian Pacific Railway Now Spend-
lihes, and the large amount of railway $10,000,000 in Manitoba, Al-
buildihg now in process will soon bring "f
g.at stretches of now remote country berta, Saskatchewan and
into Close toudh with the rest of the Assinibola.
world. T-wia Special to The Journal.
Rich-lamas. Winnipeg, Man.,' July 9.The
As to the Quality of these lands confidence eft capital in the Canadian
there is no dispute. There is no richer west is proved by the immense sums
land in the world. About twenty of money being expended by the rail- southeastern"" AssinTboia thV"distance
bushels of Wheat to the acre is the
average for the whole of western it is estimated that the Canadian" Pa
Canada for more than twenty years, cific railway alone is spending $10,-
I some years the average has ex- 000,000 this year in Western Canada. ^V^klite gov^ernm?n"'tanpda assis
ceeded twenty-five bushels, and cases i
of farms yielding thirty or forty bush
els to the aore are not rare. Experts $1,260,000 new shops to cost $800,-
Qgree that it is the best spring wheat 000 new yards with eighty-five miles
cSuntry in the World. of track, said to be the largest single
in an address before the convention corporation railway yards in the ?***.water power on Rail&Y river at
of the National Association of Grain world, and an eight-track subway International Palls and the company
Dealers in Milwaukee, June 23, Theo. that will cost several hundred thou- that seeks to develop the water power
M. Knaopen, secretary of the Western sand dollars. The same company is of the St. Louis river at ouluth con-
Canadian Information Bureau, Minne- putting some millions of dollars into tinues. Th International company,
apolis, said in part: railway extensions, the irrigation of composed of Americans, asserts that
The development of western several million acres of land in south- the Duluth company seeks to divert
Canada as a wheat-producing coun- Alberta, and coal mines in the water in northern Minnesota that be-
try has been very rapid in recent Rocky Mountains. longs to the. natural watershed of
years so rapid, indeed, that even The Canadian Northern railway is Rainy river. The portion of the Rainy
American graindealers have not fully projecting the erection of a new sta- river watershed affected is about 10
appreciated the growing importance tion, hotel and shops in Winnipeg at per oent of the whole. Th Interna-
of that country as a contributor to the a cost of $2,000,000. This company tional company has appealed to the
world's supply of wheat. Seventeen has 850 miles of line under construes- Canadian government and the British
years ago Manitoba produced less tion. government, and the matter has been
than 8,000,000 bushels of wheat, and The new Grand Trunk Pacific taken up by the British ambassador
even so late as 1900, which was a transcontinental is about to be built at Washington.
very bad crop year in the northwest- at an expenditure of $100,000,000. Th customs collections at Winni-
ern states and western Canada, the Building improvements in Winni-
er ar, asoutlook, is quite possible from the
western Canada will
this year not leas than 80,-
oo 000 bushels of wheat.
in Western Canada this year.
Winnipeg the company is erecting
total amount of wheat produced in peg this year will amount to $10,000. amounted to $2,600,000, as compared
western Canada did not exceed 20,- As for the crop., outlook, it could ^^h $1,933,000 for the preceding
000,000 bushels. Th production hardly be better. I some sections
suddenly ascended to about 68,000,000 the growing grain Is eighteen incnes Winnipeg bank clearings for the
bushels in 1902, and th it fell off to two feet in height ancr in some sec-
to about 55,000,000 bushels last year, tions three feet. $124J855 147 as compared with $107,
WESTERN Everything I son the Move in the West
The Canadian Pacific railway is de
a policy of
S i S hs
SrSe^awage 5 high "t^ & S^SS^t^^ab^OTK 1 23
unflinchinges lh reported insignificant Thu
to develop coal mines near Banff, Al
berta for the express
Building for 1904 Up to Date, Three Times as Much as Toronto,
and Only One=Third of the Population.
ACREAGEOne hundred and twenty acres, within short distance of C. P. R.
new shops (second largest in Canada), four hundred and fifty dollars an acre.
Money in this.
PORTAGE AVE.38 feet, 1 block west of biggest store and apartment build-
ing in the citysix hundred a foot.
SOUTH MAIN ST.Seventy-five feet right in the center of the best retail busi-
nesseight hundred dollars a footbound to increase.
CROPS NEVER LOOKED BETTER. COME AND SEE.
OLDFIELD & GARDNER, 447 Main St., Winnipeg.
EXCURSION NEXT MONDA NIGHT
To Winnipeg, Manitoba and the Great Canadian Northwest. Join on of our parties and see the Great Wheat
Lands that made Manitoba famous. Our Excursions leave Chicago, Cleveland. 0., Indianapolis every Monday.
Write for our booklet and full particulars. Good Agents wanted to handle oui lands. *fj
Main Office-Chicago HI., 188 Madison St*. iiSiM
Saturday Evening THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL*
It is announced that T. Eaton of
Toronto, Canada's greatest department
rs: Portage avenue, Winnipeg, and a
It is the popular impression among
farmers in ,Manitoba that the fertility
ot their wheat lands is practioally in
i m1p1 reS Kitte
sion is now
scientific opinion. Pro a
logical specialist of the Smithsonia
Institute, who was in Winnipeg last
week, said that the wheat of
Manitoba are the most fertil an the
tw 0 ra le
miJes gettl 8 hav
new hotel and station at a cost of Harne^branch througiho taoiIReg na.
Speculation as to where the Grand
ocean terminus continues. The latest
^S^SSb th new assess- ^SVih^d T^*
$25,000,000, buildings at $16,000,000,
and personal property at $70,000,000,
The Empire Elevator company, in
which American capital is largely in
terested, is just completing one ter
minal elevator at Fort William, and
will probably be compelled by the
great expansion in wheat production
to erect another one next year.
The rapidity with which the Cana
dian territories are settling up is illus
trated by the fact that it is consid
ered a great hardship because in
a i me
for* the fisoal year ending June 30
ths of this year were
TIME Canadia Wesl causeprosperitambitioue
Winnipeg Enjoying Abounding and Northwest Transportation Com- the sea for ages.
309,74 0 for the corresponding period drain Thi theiyn
will probably be nearer 80,000,000
than 70,000,00 this year This year
the acreage sown to wheat is just
about twice what it was in 1900, be
ing about 5,600,000 bushels.
Wheat Yields Ar High.
There Is a disposition in the United
States to look with incredulity upon
the reported wheat yields of west
ern Canada. They are so much lar
cor. than thni nf our own snrine veloping what might be called in some
^t^S^^WiS^y^r^l^ Quarters populistic tendencies. Last gnompSnw I monopoly over algiva ex-th coveredare witgathered tarpaulins.again Thean procese cost of incidentall of
Company A muiiuiiuijr
J^l^lt.^JJ^^ll^^ Reasonable Now it gon ?]^?f" v.1 thl l. roundd the rest in oblong ones, is reduced in a blast furnace it is
have wfcli-organized systems of crop- J*^
n" come istin"K routeu
i minoa near Al- v.rirti af
plying good coal at low prices to the
thwest. This railway
in 1800 Manitoba reported a yield of
only 8.9 bushels and the territories
only 9.75. Last year Manitoba had ^"^ri ts depends on the prospeir
to report only 16.9 bushels per acre
as compared with 26'bushels in 1902
and 25.1 In 1901. Moreover, the re
ports and experiences of individual
farmers corroborate the official fig
"Fifteen bushels to the aore looks
as email to the average western Ca
nadian farmer as eight or nine bush
els does to the average northwestern
farmer. No can it be urged against
western Canada as a wheat country
that the large yields are merely those "~A*ghereafter. an illustration of the manner outward from the ship like spokes 1""C
-of the. last few years, and not suffl- i
cient to form a conclusion as to the dian landthe are kep up may be cited long lines each with 8,00 0 hookss at climat when we ca bring that cli
wheat-raising capacity and reliability
of the country. Twenty-one succes
sive crops in Manitoba on a constant- Th great bulk of these sales were in either herring, capUn, ort squid, that in their rooms? was the gist of Dr.
ly increasing acreage ought to give a small lots to actual or
jjr *A*V~ JVV~*.B^ .,,v, J._. AT-1-.^ _J.I.-. i*. mni-ho 1-1/-.V. nvnA at onen prirl naitnt "UMrtwdvsa tTna SICK Room. a na
to realize^ fully that
.nr its a-rowt i 80
lty of its country and its growth in
population. Cheap fuel and cheap
lumber are essential to growth, and
hence the railway company is deter
mined to have them even if it .has to trawls. The dories are flat bottomed,
into. kinds,-busines:s- -..i.^_ ^T,^^ another in the ship's waist economize
of that are not sloping-sided boats/ which fit into on
used somewhat sparingly cook, go off in them every suitable ^^^^^^fy^^^S^
Cana- from the hub of a wJieel^Trawl are
Canadian Pacific sold 155,973 tached at intervals of a yard, every mate into their homes by the simple
of land during June for $712,812. hook baited with some smaller flsh expedient of having Rowing plants
Write us for full particulars
and illustrated pamphlet.
Live Agents Wanted.
it wi be%&\f?att Katimaat, at the head of the
canadfahf i NrtT to bSil its
?omnS? ttati. lSSov
receive the au roun
set- the cod affects. Thne trawls are Bartlett's remarks. Her paper was on
is wortth anchored at each end., baiteed im thnee
^Cleveland, O. 51 5 America TrustBldg.
At St, Pierreh her catch is tak
4~A-!W-4TA' rmcwxTTKCi ot the previous year. spread on the beaches to dry in the
CANADA S ttttuvviflu
the oldest, most reliable and
consequently^the best land
company in the Northwest,
has in the past two years
located tw^^housand farm
ers upon fertile farms in
this sectionjjW Canada.
many The consist of several acres
of th sunlightbeachesair. and
schemes to hatch in 'the fertile minds of flat ground, covered with basalt
of water- transportation repeated unti/ the fis ar quite steel thei characte
-_.*- v.lf T-_, .R.,1
F. B. LYNCH, Secretary O. A. ROBERTS EN, President.
promoters. The Great Lakes stones worn round by the motion of Experiments With Dry Air for a Blast
Prosperity. pany, for example, has asked parlia- These stony fields surround St.
ment to authorize it to construct and Pierre, and thousands of cod are dis- New York Tribune.
Commercial West. operate a railway, from Lake Superior played there on a fine day. Every Altho James Gayley is reluctant to
to the Saskatchewan river. Such a evening, or if fog 6* rain threatens, talk for publication about his experi-
would praotlcally fish up ar ments witpigiron a view(and to diminishingy
i floi,h a
00 Hooks Baited and 1902, which Was 72,600,000 pounds.
IJeft Over Night.
Cod fishing is done with dories and Physician Advocates Growing Plants ^St not ictli^ to do W
in Sick Booms.
Flowers were advocated as a cure
properly inchided within its sphere
These recent innovations of the great ing space thereby. nrmsnmntinn hv Prances Bart- mg jungmeers, is one ui .u many w
Each dory takes two men, and the ^^^^^jS^^^^yS^ have studied the problem. I occurred
LAST MOUNTAIN VALLEY.
Although this district was only opened for settlement two years ago, there
is already a Large and Prosperous Colony*
dian Pacific and other land grant com- The fish are taken to the vessel in practically eliminated." tory." than one acre. One family maytoeable to
panies disposed of 4,229,011 acres of the dories, eviscerated, Washed and I a paper on "The Flowers' Best P. J. Hannon of Dublin, who speaks to- exist on these little patohes, but when
land for $14,651,757. During the salted. This routine continues until Friend," Dr. C. C. Schmucker paid night before the Irish Fellowship club at the young men grow up they must find
same year, the government parted the bait is exhausted and then the ves- strong tribute to the bumble bee. Kinsley's, declared today at the Stratford means of support elsewhere,
with 5.158.550 acres.
and Dr ,fis are piled in some of his friends When iron or pii
TJYVT nrminTQTT A "PP. fJATTfi-TTr ten the codflshing of Miquelon and the latter are consumed in the opera-
JfciUW OV-UJJIOXI ABtLt \AB.uvrxi.L fit
rase "grasping corpora- whole crew, except the captain and the lett in a paper wm en J? "^JJJJJJJ to him tha the desired object might
day, and set the trawls in the water at the University ofr Pennsylvania..
Everyone Is Pleased
with land we sold them and we are
pleased because they are pleased.
They have all made money, both
from the great crops which they
have harvested and from the rise
in value of their lands. Let us
send you a book giving the names
and addresses of these purchasers
and you can write to them and
get their opinion of us and of the
country in which they invested.
to are abroad in much smaller number
next than later."
c,+^l\) fholr.rs#Vh9/ra.ntarr is known toe
S om of hi friends
a sufficient quantity to load a necessary to employ a' large amount of
obtained, it is packed into her fuelusually cokeand to inject a
hold and shipped to market. The ex- powerful current of air. More tons of
indicatedislandthie by tion th an of former. Fully twentyft record of the catceh of those vear ago ith was reoognize tha i
the air wereg deprived offurnace, its moistureles
before goin into the
fuel would be required. Hence, pro
gressive ironmasters have long been,
asking themselves whether or not it
Mr. Gayley, who is a vice president
of the United States Steel corporation,
and president of the Institute of Min
in Engineers is one of the many who
be attainedt by freezing inasmuch as
tn university rennsyivania vh i air of its
machine near, one of the
July 9, 1904.
IS THE RICHEST PART OP THE
SS PAR O TH E
stripped of their accumulation of fish humidity by having plants growing in century. It is this which we are working acres of land. There are, of this number,
next morning, being baited again their homes and places of business to avoid, and avoid it we must if Ireland 180,000 famiUes which have less than Ave
when "overhauled." the danger of taking cold would be ever is to be more than a name in his- acres and 90,000 families which have less*
FO GILT-EDGED WINNIPEG INVESTMENTS
AND A CHOICE LIST OF RICH WESTERN CANADIAN LANDS
-CALL ON OR WRITE TO-
Kve wne ca
:i Write for Maps Showing location. :r?s\
CARUTHERS, JOHNSTON & BRADLEY
a i thus
a i Flower iin the Sick Boom,' an judicatione "ocollected the econome, ofp the
part she said: process, th Mr. Gayley himself nat
"Growing plants, and especially
odoriferous flowering plants, are of
the greatest value in the treatment of
the sick. thaw pays the oos of
'"As long as the plants are kept
moist they will diffuse moisture, and
they- undoubtedly have the power to
produce ozone. Some plants will i
vaporize the atmosphere to the
amount of three times their own
weight in a day. I this way the at
mosphere of a sickroom can be made that it may never come into general
of the greatest benefit.
"The only dangerous plants to place
in the sickroom are those whioh give
off unpleasant odors. Care should be
taken, however, not to keep cut flow
ers in the rooms at night. They throw
off carbon dioxide, but during the day- New
time the amount of oxygen they pro
duce neutralizes the harmful effects.
"The chief cause of colds is found
in the habit of going from heated
buildings into the cold street. If peo
buildings inxo *ne cuxuJ" stopped there will be none but old peo-
&^%aFS$!l^u& Pie anSgirls left there in another auarter
time enough data
encouraged. A question
tical metallurgists will ask
ther the saving
ft a does, there is room for doubt
ther tbe improvement will be radi
to be in any sense "revo
tionary." At best, it may be regard
advances, iyno theeca rthofminor making pigiron
hile on the other hand, it is possible
nse a all.
WAY TO SAVE IRELAND
Industries Alone Can Check the
Exodus of 40,000 a Year.
For twenty-five years over 40,000 peo
ple have left Ireland annually Unless this
Splendid wheat Lands,
3 miles from station,
$6.25 Per Acre
471 MaintreetJI -Winnipeg, Man* I
"Upon this abused insect's distribu- hotel that the salvation of Ireland lay not "That is why the Irish Industrial B*
tion of the seed we are almost abso- in rebellion, nor political endeavor, nor ciety has been organized. It is establisft-
lutely dependent for our crops of oratorical flights at the picnics of Irish ing other industries besides agriculture,
clover," he said. "You must have no societies in America, but in industrial re- There are now over 600 of them, but of
ticed that the first crop is always form.
The the^ much smaller than the second. That "In Ireland," he said, "there are 290,000 their work, and we know, we are not lab-
is because early in the year the bees families which live on less than fifteen oring in vain."
On earth is in that portion of Canada lying south and east of the Moose Mountains in the famous
Arcola-Alameda=Estevan districts of Southeast Assiniboia.
We Have Sold More
than any one else for several
reasons: First, because we had
the best land second, because we
sold our lands at a lower price
than anyone else could or would
sell the same quality of lands
third, because we gave very easy
terms and because a purchaser
knew that if he was dissatisfied
he could get his money back.
FUNK & SCOTT
4BO 1ft per aero
^flrfo^r %B EASY TERMS.
Real Estate Brokers,
507 Main Street,
course they are small. Yet they are M0rf
We Still Have Some
in this section for sale at low
prices on easy terms, both on the
Crop Payment Plan
Write us for maps and booklet
concerning the country. The
book is a gem, handsomely illus
trated and filled with letters
from farmers, telling their ex
422-434 ENDIC0TT BUILDING, ST. PAUL, MINN.
-Population 75,000, increasing at rate
of 10,000 a year. Here are some
figures taken from the report of the
Up to July 1, 1904, permits were issued for 1351 buildings
at an aggregate cost of $6,072,450. For the same period in
1903, there were 781 permits issued at an aggregate cost of
We have lots 25x100 on street car line, which we offer at $175
each. Write for particulars.
4,000 acres of good prairie land within 25 miles of Winnipeg, at
$9.50 per acre. Good settlement, good supply water.
2,500 acres dry prairie land in Red River
of station, at $13 an acre. Will sell single
A (WHEAT LANDS
MANITOBA, ASSINIBOIA AND SASKATCHEWAN DISTRICTS.
Quarter, half, whole section, or to 40 thousand acre blocks, both odd
and even number sections. Close to Railways. Write for Maps and
Price Lists or come direct tous. Easy *fierms, Low Prices. Improved Farms.
CITY PROPERTY AND BUSINESS
Proposition by the Manitoba
Land & Investment Go.
Wheat farming is to you the ideal method of farm-
ing. Well, we will selfyou a quarter section of wheat
land for $10 per acre, or $1600 $400 cash, and the
balance of $1200 to be paid in six equal annual install-
ments of $200 each, bearing interest at the rate of 6
per cent per annum. This is guaranteed to be choice
farming land, and lying near the railroad. We will give
you your choice from thousands of acres that will pro-
duce all the way from 20 to 40 bushels of the celebrat-
ed No. 1 Hard Manitoba wheat to the acre. In other
words, this land will produce twice as much as some
land in the states worth five or six times as much.
445 MAIN STREET, WINNIPEG.