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GREATEST OF FAIR
Secretary Randall Expects Day's Attendance to Touckf
75,000At 2 O'Clock Crowd Was Estimated
at 50,000Double Firework* Pro-
WHATS DOING AT STATE FAIR
Tonight at the Grand Stand,
For the first time in the history of
this year's state fair the sun shone
without serious interruption on the
state's great exhibition this morning,
i and in so doing, ushered in the day de
voted to Minneapolis and destined to
'be the record breaker of the year.
In the plaoe of the lowering and
dripping clouds, the remains of the
past three days' storm rolled rapidly
over the horizon before a spanking
breeze which joined with the sun in
drying up the water and mud left from
the previous two days' downpour.
Taking into account the most unfa
vorable weather that has befallen the
state fair management this year, the
thousands who have been waiting for
clearer conditions, and the other thou
sands who have set aside "Minneapo
lis Day as the day on which to cele
brate, all records for attendance Bhould
be broken before the turnstiles cease
This was the opinion of President C.
N. Oosgrove, who stood at the street
railway terminal this morning* watch
ing the incoming crowds. With the full
minute service on from Minneapolis and
the minute and a quarter service on
from St. Paul, and with each car from
Minneapolis loaded to the guards, vis
itors to the fair were being unloaded
at the rate of 150 a minute or 8,000 an
Estimated Attendance 75,000.
"We will have 75,000 persons on this
fair ground before the day is over,''
said Mr. Cosgrove, and if the weather
I holds we will have 50,000 tomorrow. I
I guess that will make up some for lost
Springing into new life with the ap
pearance of favorable weather, every
Sart of the fair started in early in the
ay to make up for lost time. The ex
i hibitors were up with the sun, rearrang
ing_ their displays the Highland band,
undismayed by the cold wind, paraded
I the streets or Minneapolis between 9
and 10 o'clock and then went down to
South St. Paul, where the famous musi
cal organization took charge of some
1,500 employees and relatives of em-
Outdoor Vaudeville, including a great list of thrilling special-
Balloon Ascension and parachute drop.
Grand Band Concert.
Destruction of St. Pierre, Pain's great fireworks spectacle.
Saturday, Fraternity Day,
10 a.m to 12 m.Band concert.
At the grandstand. 1 p.m. Eaces
2:12 class, trotting, $1,000.
2 30 class pacing, $2,500.
Bunmng race, one mile heats, $250.
Running race, 1%-mile hurdle for 3-year-olds and upward,
2 p.m.Competitive prize drill by drill companies of the leading fra-
ternal organizations of the state.
At the grandstand.
Same program as tonight.
At 12 o'clock today Superintendent
of Gates Fuller of the state fair an
nounced that the turnstiles had re
corded 16,022 admissions for the morn
ing. Oars were arriving every min
Ute, loaded to capacity. Minneapolis
day will be tne banner day of 1904 atrolling
'the state fair. At 2 p.m. the crowd on
jthe grounds was estimated at 50,000.
i At 1 o'clock the street cars were run
ning on a forty-five second schedule
i from Minneapolis and thousands were
1 pouring thru the gates. This was the
closest schedule ever maintained by the
street railway company and, each car
arriving carried over one hundred per
sons. President OoBgrove announced at
1 o'clock that it was the record-break
ing day of the week.
in the packing plants and
rough them to the fair in a body.
Ballyhoea Wake Up.
I The hurdy-gurdies attached to the
i merry-go-rounds broke forth into joy
ous strains of ''Boom ta-ra" and the
"spieler" of the Pike took fresh cour
i age and added zest to his invitations to
the public to behold the marvelous
beauty of Big Egypt and take a glimpse
at "Bosco" as he consumed 'em, tails
and all. Off the asphalt walks, there
was mud without end, but the walks
shone white from the downpour of the
A night. The hot coffee man outsung the
5"** seller of ice cream and the guards kept
I a sharp outlook on the hip pockets of
^new arrivals to see that no one at-
&" tempted to warm up the day by smug
cling in the forbidden worm of the
f Heavy wraps and overcoats were
^f order. Most of the early arrivals came
i prepared for a cold day and their fore
sight proved selfsatisfving. Those who
*& braved the fair in pink and white soon
Jk sought corners where the breezes were
not tossing chunks of discomfort at
them. Over in front of the grand-
$& stand the workers were preparing St.
Pierre for its nightly bump, while the
Great Babcock" was out with a bunch
of cotton waste drying off the loop and
the trap incline so that he might not
scoot into eternity thru association with
water. Babcock announces that if he
makes "the grand leap" he wants to
do it in style and not go sneaking out
STATE FAIR AWARDS.
For full list of state fair awards
see tomorrow's Journal.
gram for Tonight, I
of the world thru a slip of the wheels
on a wet runway.
Preparation for Races.
A big force of men and horses was
engaged from an early hour dragging,
and in every possible way drying
the mile track, in preparation for the
afternoon's races, and the horses which
could not get their exercise yesterday
were taken out and put thru some of
their paees this morning.
The athletes who participate fe-the
programs in front of the grand stand
also got an early start in tne endeavor
to take some of the stiffness out of their
limbs. Crowds and activity were every
where, and the crowds rapidly began to
forget the coolness of the untempered
Strong Program Tonight.
Special promise of a strong program
for the thousands who will be on theby
grounds tonight was made early in the
day by President Cosgrove who stated
that the fireworks prepared for last
night's pyrotechnic spectacle, would be
used with the regular amount set aside
for this evening, making such a displav
of fireworks as has seldom been Been
Extra Races Tomorrow.
Tomorrow, the last day of the fair,
will also be a big card in the matter
of programs, asmost of the races which
could not be trotted or run off yester
day, will be put on during the afternoon
and evening and the followers of the
horses will easily have their fill.
Minneapolis did not lack for official
representation. Mayor Haynes was on
the ground early. The air was reeking
with the odor of the political cigar and
hope was endangered in the breasts of
the agrarian population who took note
of the possible rise in the price of cab
Minneapolis Day at the fair drew
heavily on the town and some parts of
the city were deserted. The public af
committee of the'Commercial club
set a good example by closing in the
afternoon and suit was followed by
many offices. Retail stores and banks
were open, but the wholesale houses
and manufacturing plants ran short
handed. Railroad city ticket offices re
mained open to accommodate fair pat
rdns leaving town and the regular
travel, which is heavy now.
CRAFTS DRAW CROWDS .=r
a Feature On-the-Spot-Manufacturing
of the Fair.
Big crowds are attracted daily to the
new manufacturers' building where a
half score of industrial plants on a small
scale are in working order. There was
a little delav in getting the exhibits in
place as the building was built this
summer, and has not been in condition
for the installation of power and the
necessary machinery, the early handicap
has been overcome, and the manufactur
ers building is now about the most pop
ular one on the grounds.
The idea of arranging for working
exhibits has Bhown itself a distinct suc
cess and special efforts will be made for
the next fair to interest a greater num
ber of Minnesota manufacturers.
The visitors stand ten feet deep
around the booth of a stoneware com
pany where a potter's wheel is in con
stant operation. On the wheel are
made every kind of pottery, from little
beersteins to large fifty-gallon water
jars, jugs, crocks, any and every ves
sel capable of being made of clay. The
process is very curious to the fair vis
itors and is instructive as well.
Stonecuttmg by pneumatic ma
chinery, also attracts large numbers to
the exhibits of the granite-working con
cerns. Their machinery seems to work
with almost human intelligence and
will dress down the roughest and tough
est old granite block into a stylish
and neat specimen of the stonecutter's
Fur garments of various kinds are
made, and the work is done by skilled
furriers and some special machinery,
and the operation of transforming the
skins into garments ready to wear,
proves attractive to large numbers.
Then there is a mlfciature fence plant,
where a handy little machine converts
a coil of wire into a wire fence. The
fence is reeled off at a rapid rate in a
manner which very few people can un
The plant where Saratoga chips and
shaved dried beef is turned out has
its host of admirers. Whether it is the
process of manufacture or the hand
some appearance of the girls who do
the packing, which attracts the crowd,
Continued on Second Fag**
AT LA CROSSE
Eight Persons Severely Injured
by Flying Debris and Light
La Crosse, Wis., Sept. 2.Eight per
sons were injured last night by a tor
nado and lightning the southern part
of this city. Six in one house were
burned by lightning, while in another,
residence flying debris struck and in
jured two. All will recover.
Several residences and outbuildings
were badly damaged by the wind.
Heavy ram which followed caused
many washouts on the railroads and all
trains are from one to five hours late.
TORNADoTmHTs" ON IOWA
arm Buildings Blown AwayCircus
^Tents Fall. __
2,A aevere elec
trical and windstorm caused much
-drainage over Iowa yesterday and last
A Iowa City Barnum &, -Bailee's
show tents were Tlow down just be
fore the time set for the evening per
'formance. No one was injured.
F. G. Minnich, a farmer of Coon
Rapids, was killed by lightning.
The farm buildings of Lou Huff
man, near Mason City, were destroyed
a tornado. The# family was away
from home at the time.
Marshalltown and Boone also report
Sigourney, Iowa, Sept. 2.A torna
do struck Sigourney last night, de
molished several barns, uprooted trees,
tore down windmills and did much
Farmer Killed by Lightning.
Speolal to The Journal.
Elroy, Wis., Sept. 2.George Perry, a
farmer, waB killed by lightning yester- lg
day while standing near a barbed wire
fence. Heavy rains have spoiled
Elroy's inter-county fair after one
Fierce in Northern Wisconsin.
Special to The Journal.
Washburn, Wis., Sept. 2.One of the
FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 2, 1904.
FATE O 175,000 RETREATING RUSSIANS, SA JAPSr
HINGE S Ot THE BRAVERY|30F
LIAO-YANG HEADQUARTERABESERTED BY KUROPATKIN
most 09ve^j a^^fl^^p^o^s jB^r
known in itgsx&ern Wis^w&, prevailed
last nighty doing a great^msiknt of
damage to alfc classes of pttjpfertyV^ear
ly tw$-androne-half inchetP'of rain fell
in less than eight hours. Everything is
flooded. All steamboats were obliged
to lay up.
Damage at MarsnaUfews.
Special to The Journal.
Marshalltown, Iowa, .Sept. 2:~ A sec
ond terrific windstorm struck this City
and vicinity last night. The large
smokestack "at the carriage factory was
blown down, wires demoralized, and
much damage done to trees. One house
was unroofed in the west part of the
city. Corn was blown down some, but
not materially damaged.
FAIRBANKS IN KANSAS CITY.
Kansas City, Sept. 2 Senator Fair
banks arrived here today from Marion,
Kan., and spent a, busy day. The senator
was taken in charge by a oommittee from
Kansas City. Kan., and escorted across
the line, Where he made a brief speedy,
Tonight Senator Fairbanks will apeak in
the great convention hall.
\j^LOOPING Tm- Z&Qf*
AT ALL COSTS
Head of Butchers' Strike Declares
Meat Supply Will Be
Chicago, Sept. 2."A meat famine
will be forced at all costs. It is the
best weapon with which to fight the
trust packers, altho it may not tie wel
comed by the independents.
"The conference board representing
all organizations involved in the present
packinghouse strike, has taken action
to place all meats upon the unfair list.
This order goes into effect on Saturday
evening, Sept. 3, at 5:30 p. m. The or
der will bo sent to every packing house
in the country, and no member of the
meat cutters and butcher workmenr
union will be allowed to dress any ani
mal until the strike is settled. This ac
tion is the result of the request that the
public refrain to eat meat and no per
son, no matter in what capacity em
ployed in handling meat, ma^ refuse to
handle the same after 5:30 p.m., on, Sat
urday. The" packers have resorted to
ertowtfon as a result of the, strike, buy*
ing livestock m~t hoof tor almost
nothing, and charging almost any price
for the dressed product. The public
will now be given an opportunity to re
taliate by refusing to eat meat until
such time as they can procure the same
at a fair market price.
In these words President Donnelly of
the butchers' '.organization today de
clared a boycott against all meat and
announced that union men will quit in
all-packing establishments this after
noon regardless of where livestock is
Donnelly's announcement was made
at the conclusion of a meeting of the
Allied Trades conference board. The
executive board of the Retail Meat
Dealers' association of Chicago had just
been in conference with Mr. Donnelly
and his associates, having come to ask
certain concessions for the independ
ent packers and to seek authority to
attempt to bring about a meeting be
tween the packers and representatives
of the strikers. By ignoring these
latest attempts at peace and by adopt
ing such an aggressive step, the strike
leaders demonstrated their intention to
make it a fight to a finish.
Toklo, Sept. 2, 10:30 a.m.The fight
ing at Llao-yang was continued until a
late hour last night. It was resumed
at dawn today. The fate of the great
bulk of the retreating Russian army
hinges upon the bravery and fortitude
of Its left flank.
A telegram received here from the
chief of staff in the field indicates that
General Oku, in command of the Japan
ese left army, gained the ascendancy
over the Russian right and center by a
When the war began, Lieutenant
General Baron Kodama, chief of the
general staff and "the brains of the
Japanese army," which he reorganized,
told the newspaper correspondents at
Toklo that the decisive battle of the
war would be fought at Liao-yang.
Events show how accurately the
Japanese generals had computed their
own and their enemy's powers of re
sistance and concentration.
Tokio, Sept. 2, 3 p.m.The chief of
staff of the center Japanese army, Gen
eral Nodzu's, telegraphing early this
morning, reported that the Japanese
center was continuing to advance to
day with the obiect of taking a line
from Shin-sli-yen to liiao-yang, and ef
fecting a re-junction with the Japanese
left, commanded by General Oku.
The Russians began to retreat on the
right center from Liao-yang early
Thursday. They were thrown into
great confusion while attempting to
cross to the right bank of the Tai-tse
river. The Japanese, pursuing them
vigorously, seized a Russian cannon,
which they used to shell the Liao-yang
railway station. Field Marshal
Oyama'B right attacked a heavy4 forces
of Russians in the vicinity of Hbi-ying- i^v
tai, twelve miles northeast of Liao
yang, at 11 o'clock Thursday. His
left Degan at dawn today, pressing the
Russians toward Tatz-ho. It is thought
that he will severely punish the Rus
The Japanese casualties in the Liao
yang engagement have not yet been as
certained officially. It is announced
that they will not exceed 10,000.
It is reported here that a conflagra
tion is raging at Liao-yang.
Admiral Hosoya, commanding the
Third Japanese squadron, reports that
last Wednesday morning a number of
vessels weighed from Port Arthur and
engaged in clearing away mines. The
Japanese watched their operations from
seaward. At2:25 p.m., a steamer struck
a mine and was blown up. The disaster
occurred one mile below Cheng-tung
chan, and it was plainly visible. The
number of lives lost is unknown.
RUSSIANS CLAIM POINT
Kuropatkin, They Say, Is in a Position
Superior to the Japs.
St. Petersburg, Sept* 2., 1:25 p. m.
No absolute information has reached
the war office concerning the reports
that Liao-yang has been occupied by
the Japanese, but it is positively known
that General Kuropatkin decided to
withdraw from his positions south of
Liao-yang to the north or right bank of
the Tai-tse river, Tuesday night, and
the orders were actually given. The
war office presumes that the movement
was carried out, since the latest advices
yesterday wtere that the crossing of the
river was not being opposed.
The fact disclosed for the first tune
in these dispatches last night, that the
strongest Russian position prepared by
General Kuropatkin was not around the
towh of Liao-yang, as the public had
been led to believe, but on the right or
north bank of the Tai-tse, was a secret
1 so successfully guarded that not even
rlwk iiaaiioA of iiiad leaked out, It i Co
24 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK.
THEIR LEFT FLANK
EURO PA TKIN FIRES
Caar*s Forces Give Way, '*Carrying Out Well-Defined
Idea," but in Danger of Capture by
Mikado's Soldiery Under
IS LIAO-YANG IN JAP HANDS?
say that the Russians were closely pressed and much disorganized In their retire-
ment across the river. The report from Marshal Oyama that he was yesterday
engaged with the Russian center would Indicate that at least a portion of Kuropat
kin's army Is still on the south bank of the river.. While It Is not definitely stated
that the Japanese have occupied Llao-yang, Toklo reports that the town is burning
It does not appear that the Japanese main army ..as as yet crossed the Tal-tse
and details of today's fighting are entirely lacking. Oyama reports that his losses
from Aug. 29 to Sept. 1 were 10,000. The Russian casualties of Aug. 31 and Sept. 1
are given In official reports as 5,000 killed and wounded. _,
CAPTURE OF L1AO-YANQ.
Beyond establishing the faot that
Kuropatkln has withdrawn the main
portion of his forces to the north bank
of the Tal-tse river, and that the action
Is still in progress, today's dispatches
do not give a clear Idea of the situation
at Llao-yang. Acoepting St. Petersburg
advices at their face value it would seem
that the Russian commander effected a
partial retirement, placing the river be
tween himself and the main body of the
Japanese and at the same time estab
lishing a position that will enable him
to oppose the force under General Ku
rokl which succeeded In crossing the
river and Is now attacking the Russian
'The same dispatches say the position
that Kuropatkln now occupies Is the one
he had prepared and fortified and where
he has all along planned to make his
second stand, Instead of directly In and
around Llao-yang, with the river at his
back, as has been believed.
On the other hand, Tokio dispatches
Thursday's, news from the aeat of war closed with the receipt of two dis-
patches, giving Information of a most significant character as bearing on the domi-
nation of Manchuria at the close of the present campaign.
The first came from a correspondent at St. Petersburg, filed there at 10:16 p.m.,
end said that General Kuropatkln had withdrawn his whole rmy to the north bank
of the Tal-tse river, so as to meet General Kurokl's flanking movement. The
Inference drawn from this dispatch was that Llao-yang had been evacuated, that
city lying on *ne left or south bantc -of the rtwef. Nothing to confirm this re-
ceived until several hours later, when a dispatch'from St. Petersburg, dated Sept.
2, and timed at 1:26 Friday morning, said that "th8hews of evacuation of Llao-
yang and the withdrawal of the Russian fcfmy to the Nght bank of the Tal-tse river
had caused Intense- excitement"
The second dispatch, which may have a ^significant bearing on the campaign,
Is that filed at Mukden at 9?27 p.m., Thursday, saying that the train service be-
tween Mukden and Llao-yang was Interrupted, and It maymean the cutting of
railroad communication, which would deprive General Kuropatkln of a ready op-
portunity to retreat to his more northern base at Mukden. As pointed out In the
St. Petersburg dispatch, the Mukden correspondent does not mention whether the
telegraphic communications are open.
A dispatch from Tpklo, filed at 2 p.m., Thursday, said that popular estimates of
the date of the fall of Port Arthur Inollned to the last week In September.
is now explained that the Russian com
mander-in-chief had all along antici
pated that the Japanese, wf en they
made their advances on Liao-yang,
would pursue identical tactics which
had been so successful in every previous
stage of the campaign, and while at
tacking in front would attempt by a
wide detour to outflank the Russian po
This time General Kuropatkin wasi i
not caught napping. He was prepared jr
for just what happened and as soon asj
he received word that General KurokiJ
had crossed the Tai-tBe twenty milea
above and was moving westward. Gen-1
eral Kuropatkln met the move by
throwing his whole army over at night.
enemy closed him in.
Russian War Office Statement.
The following statement was obtained
by the Associated Press from the warl
office at 10 o'clock Thursday night: 3
"General Kuroki's army crossed inf
force to the right bank of the Tai-tsfef
river, and it therefore became aeees-^
sary for the Russians to be in a position|
to repel the blow in this direction. In
view of this development in the opera
tions, General Kuropatkin decided to
abandon his positions on the left bank-i
and to concentrate his whole army on|
the other side of the river. This posi
tion is the strongest, both in character jl
and in site. The great issue will be
finally decided there. By withdrawing!
to this position the Russian army avoids,
the danger of being divided by the1
river and enjoys the advantage of com
Carrying Out an Idea.
Russians See Advantage.
By this piece of strategy, Kuropatkln,
in the opinion of the general staff,
gained an immense advantage. His 11
army is concentrated on one side of the
river and the road is still open for his ft
retirement northward, while the Japan-|L
ese armies, which must act in unison.*
are separated by the river, which placesr
Kuropatkln in a position to oppose Ku
roki with his whole army while General* fi
OSXL and Nodzu are stranded on thai
other side, giving Kuropatkin a possi
ble opportunity to imitate Napoleon's
tactics and defeat the opposing forceaj
"There is only one parallel in^ wh
history." said a high officer of the wart
office to the Associated Press today,jf
"and that is Metz, when Prince FredJ|
erick Charles straddled the Moselle^
with the German armies. But Kuro
patkin has not repeated Marshal Ba
zaines' mistake or sitting still whiles
"General Kuropatkin's move, then
fore, is not to be considered as a re
treat, but rather as the carrying out o:
a well-defined idea. The withdrawa
of the Russians to the right bank in
volved the abandonment of Liao-yang^
which is situated on the left bank. The
Japanese took advantage of this to oc
cupy the city, but the sternest pari
of the fighting is still before themJ
unless General Kuropatkin decides at
the last hour to again fall back to thai
northward. It is more than likely,!
however, that he will decide to fight toj
a flnish. The cards are all in his ra,vor,-J
it is believed, now that he has the Jap-J
anese divided by the river, thus effec-^
tually turning the tables upon*, vh'
"The determined pursuit by
Japanese of the Russian outposts, whic
General Kuropatkin gave the firs,
order to withdraw, was probably due,
to their anxiety to keep the Russians
south of Liao-yang until General
Kuroki should be able to strike from
the northeast. General Kuropatkin,
Continued on Second Pag
If ni'iiii r.lii mm^imaM^M