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are now due and payable
at our Hat "Department
Don't keep your friend a-waiting
bring him in to-morrow and let
him choose from the most care-1
fully selected stock to be found any
where correct style and fine finish
Weak constitutions I
would be better off with
less medicine and more
common sense care.
Clean, open pores do a
silent work indispens
able to health.
is the one brand that Is
pure linen and Linen
Mesh is the one mate
rial that takes perfect
care of the pores.
FOR SALE: BY
DAYTON DRY GOODS CO.
E. G. BARNABY & CO.
Send for samples and instructive booklet.
(ORGANIZED IN 1886.)
Continues to furnish the same
efficient service that has
made the venture a
and Stetso Hat
B. K. Specials $2.50 and $3.50
Winter Suits and Overcoats Ready
Browning=King & Co.
415, 417, 419 Nicollet
PUZZLING CLIFF DWELLERS
One Exhibit St. Louis Shows Repro
ductions of Their Dwellings.
Walter Williams in the Century.
Older even than China, the oldest ex
isting nation, are the cliff dwellers of
southwestern United States, homes of a
race whose very name has perished
from the earth. Explorers, puzzling thru
the Mancos and Casa Verde canyons of
Arizona and New Mexico, have found the
houses of this strange people in the wild
est and most inaccessible of the moun
tain sides. Did the cliff dwellers ante
date the pyramids of Egypt? Were they
of blood relation to the early inhabitants
of the land where the Nile is god Some
students are prepared to answer both
questions affirmatively and to give what
is to them abundant proof. Th pottery
from their long-wrecked homes suggests
Egypt, and the few inscriptions found
have similar suggestion. Mummies, bod
ies wrapped in cloth, feathers from the
breast of the turkey and the all-useful
yucca grass, have been dug from burial
places among the cliffs, and, in bone and
hair much unlike the Indian of today,
have a hint of resemblance to a more
oriental type. If the cliff dwellers left
any descendants, however remote, they
are doubtless the Moki and Zuni Indians,
who, resembling them in habits and ap
pearance, are their closest kinsmen.
At St. Louis has been reproduced the
dwellings from the canyons, with relics
found in the abandoned houses. To lend
a touch of life to the world scene, where
houses have apparently been flung agaThst
precipitous walls of rock as pictured
homes upon stage canvas, have been
placed Zuni and Moki Indians in native
costume. They work *at:
blanket weaving, basket-making, silver
smelting and other primitive occupations.
Thus the mode of life of the cliff dwell
er is exhibited in an environment such
as this ancient people had. The mem
bers of these tribes are of stronger build,
handsomer and of brighter color than the
ordinary North American Indian, from,
whom they hold themselves aloof with
NOT THROWN. MERELY DISMOUNTED.
DraperThey tell me your horse threw you
CrupperNothing of the kind the story arose
from a little *veut that happened while I was
out riding. It was in the nature of a coinci
dence. At the very moment my horse kicked
up his hind feet I dismounted over his head.
Well, the election is over.
Here's hoping you were to the good with as many bets as the fifteen
Anyhow, let's settle down to business because there is prosperity ifci
store for all of us, even if some of the up country precincts haven't been
And if we're going to be prosperous let us look the part And keep
in mind that we can be prosperous and economical at the same time.
Now, that is where 1 get on.
If you are going to look prosperous The Scotland Woolen "Mills store
is the place for the clothes. And if you are going to be economical the
same place qualifies.
You can look prosperous at .-these prices: Tor $15 you get a suit
made to order from the finest goods that the Scotland Mills produce. For
$20 and $25 you get a suit or overcoat made to order from those fine mate-,
rials that have just imported from England. You dan pay twice the price
and not get as good at most of the tailor shops in town.
Yours truly, \f
i: WERE RESCUED
STORY OF THE OLD UNDER
GROUND ROUTE IN OHIO.
How the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal
Was Utilized for Years by Abolition
ists in Bringing Refugees North
Some of, the Troubles Met with by
the People Who Tried to Help the
Black Man to Escape to Canada.
Washington, Nov. 9. Should the
Chesapeake & Ohio canal, tne waterway
of which George Washington was the
founder, pass into other hands and be
converted into a roadbed for a railway,
it will be the obliteration of one of the
main lines of the old Underground rail
road, a mysterious organization which
existed from 1838 until emancipation,
had no salaried officers, no meetings of
stockholders, no public reports and de
clared no dividends.
For but one purpose only was the Un
derground railroad organizedto as
sist fugitive slaves. So perfectly were
the plans and purposes carried out that
the lines and stations extended from
and thru nearly every southern state
into Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana,
Ohio, the New England states and into
Quiet, easy-going Quakers of Phila
delphia were the originators, and thev
gave liberally of their time and money
in making it a success. After the
"system" was thoroly understood by
the abolitionists thru'out the country
there was no difficulty in securing all
the money necessary to pay every ex
pense. Samuel Rhoades, a wealthy
Philadelphian, was the chief financier,
and during a visit to England he sue*
ceeded in raising a large sum for the
Underground. Charles Wise of Phila
delphia was the treasurer and had of
fices at Fifth and Walnut streets. He,
too, was a rapid and successful pro
ducer and money rolled in, and when
the fugitive slave law was passed in
1850, there were sufficient funds to aid
every runaway in every section of the
country. A regular force of trusted
men were employednot on salary, but
patriotismin engineering runaway
expeditions for slaves.
John Hunn was the chief engineer of
the southern end Samuel Burriss, col
ored, general conductor Levi Coffin
and John Needles, presidents. These
officers served without compensation
for many years. There was a board of
directors or "vigilance committee,"
composed of such men as Nathaniel
Depee, J. C. White, Henry Gordon, Eob
ert Purvis, William Whipper,
Aided the Eliza of Uncle Tom's..,
It is said that it was in this house
that Eliza Harris, of "Uncle Tom'S
Cabin" fame, was concealed and re
mained until she was entirely restored
to health. Frederick Douglas was sev
eral times a visitor and was slated as
one of the general supervisors.
Perhaps next to John Brown Seth
Concklin, a Quaker of Philadelphia, was
the most ardent worker in the cause of
liberating slaves. Like Brown, too, he
exercisecTexceedingly bad judgment, go
ing to Alabama, and spiriting away a
negro woman and three children, mak
ing a successful escape with them to
Vmcennes, Ind., where he was arrested
and was afterward found dead, having
been killed and placed in the water.
Another sentinel ,who fared badly
was S. A. Smith, he having boxed up a
negro boy named" Henry Brown at
Richmond, Va.j and sent him by ex
press to the headquarters in Philadel
phia. The Richmond authorities gave
Smith seven year* in the state peniten
tiary. About the same time a negro
named Jack Christian fell in with the
underground agent and left his home
in the family of ex-President Tyler.
Christian had been one of the White
House servants during Tyler's adminis
tration. Another negro named William
Jones was shipped in a box from Balti
more to Philadelphia, and came near
losing his life, the box being delayed in
shipment and "the fugitive being left
three days without water or food. Care
ful, nursing brought: him around and
then he went in the field to aid others.
Samuel Burriss, the colored general
conductor, made a narrow escape at
Louisville, Ky., while trying to help out
some blue grass darkies in getting free
dom. He managed to escape to Cincin
nati, and from there went to Dover,
Del., where he was caught red-handed in
his work. After a trial he was con
victed and sent to prison and then ad
vertised for sale. The" officials were
posted as to the general conductor's
predicament and sent a trusty in the
guise of a slavetrader to buy him." In
this they were successful, but the sum
paid was far in excess of the value of
a likely negro.''
Perhaps no man is better posted on
the work of the Underground railroad
and its work in Maryland and Virginia
than is Cnptain James Webster, wh
has been the chief uf police of
'Tlv^y TOl^MiNNEAPQLIS JOURNAL.,
Ehoades, Eev. W. H. Furniss, J. M.:
Kim, William Lloyd Garrison, an\
others, not to mention a number oi
wealthy and influential ladies, who
gave freely of their money and time^
Oanal Boatmen Enlisted.
Money was spent where it was be
lieved it would do the most good, and
when it was found that captains or
masters of boats on the'C. & O. canal
were "approachable," thejje was no
time lost in enlisting their aid for a con
sideration. There was less danger of
detection of fugitive slaves on vessels
than on trains or private conveyances
They could be stored away in coal, hay
or whatever kind of cargo the boat
might be laden. If there was believed
to be danger of being overtaken the
slaves were put ashore and piloted to
one of the stations not far removed
from the canal, and there were a nunv
ber of these along the line in Maryland
and West Virginia (then Virginia)..
These stations were simply the
homes of families either stockholders
in the Underground railroad or those
who had been paid liberally for utiliz
ing their homes and premises for such
purposes. One of these stations is still
a fair state of preservation on the
outskirts of Martinsville, W. Va., while
along the line of the canal and the
Baltimore & Ohio railway there are a
number of frame and log houses which
are pointed out as Underground rail
Levi Coffin, one of the presidents,
who was a very wealthy man, lived at
Fountain City,'lnd., and his home was
the central station between the south
and Canada. For a number of years
Coffin was on duty at Cincinnati, Ohio,
as a sentinel, and did effective work in
aiding fugitive slaves. He left the
management of his home-^the central
stationto his wife, who received and
cared for more than five thousand
slaves. Coffin's home was the meeting
place for Abolitionists in that section of
the country, and today it is the one
point of historic interest in the little In
diana village. The building is brickr,
two stories nigh, with large rooms and
several good-sized secret closets, and a
basement difficult to find one's way out
of. Then-, too, the attic is so arranged
that it would not be an easy matter for
one not thoroly familiar with the con
struction of the house to either enter
or get out of. The house was built in
1828, five years before the organization
of the underground railroad, but Coffin
evidently had an idea of the purposes
to which it would be put when he had it
There is yet to be
/invented a more
-m ore directly
recreation than is
yielded by th
ganies of billiards
or pool, and the
that go i^ith this
meats to suit
.Prices range from
$15 to $65
The only actually
ai the worid. Per
arid resilient, can-
BO get into
lumps and ^will
not sag from use.
dria, Va., for almost \a half century.
Fugitives oil the Oanal,
I have a- very -distinct, recollection
of the work of the Underground, and
especially as it relates: to the old. C.
& O. canal. From. 1830 to I860 our
coal trade was heavy over the'canal,
it being brought here, from Cumber
land and then loaded on vessels for
shipment to northern ports. The Un
derground railroad,- officials soon real
ized that this canal offered exceptional
advantages for smuggling negroes
north, ^hese. slaves were brought- in
from all "points "along canal' on
on the big
vessels goihg^'horth.' So frequently did
slaves disappear that in 1844 the legis
lature passed a!i.T3E*3Jrovidin that all
vessels should be. searched by officers
appointed' for .the pafpidag before they
left this' portii' A7
ters werig' aboHtibhlsrS and we hsid con
siderable troiibje .with the I 'can sdy
toe, that some 'of thesem.abolitionists
were abolitionists for revenue only.
They smuggled away negroes and then
sold them again'
Virginia dealt severely with aboli
tionists. Some of them were nothing
more than a lot of border rascals and
didn't care a tinker's darn for the
poor negro. These out-for-the-revenue
abolitionists worked as a close' corpo
ration, and when a negro CTOssetl the
Potomac he did so with full directions
as to where to stop was told just where
and how to find the stations along the
line thru Maryland and western Vir
ginia and into Pennsylvania, where lie
would be safe. At the same time these
border abolitionists had things ar*
ranged so that the negroes would be
captured by their _: ep-workers. The
v4 *._ i. .^.%-.*i
FACTS WORTH REMEMBERING
Our daily advertisment aims to bring forward in a fair and square, non*exaggerated wayand
in no spiritof bragthe story of our goods, and never to knowingly misrepresent an article or
value. If we make a mistake you can always depend on us standing eyey ready to correct it
to gladly right any wrong. We want you to feel entirely satisfied withtrading at our store.
The ideal Home GameJBSI the Thing for the long,winter Evenings.
With each table is included:
16 Numbered Composition Balls in Beautiful
5 Hardwood, Polished, Leather Tipped Cues.
1 Hardwood Bridge. 4 Extra Leather Tips.
1 Triangular Frame. 1 Bottle for Pool Game.
10 Hardwood Tenpins for Playing Pin
1 Package of Cue Chalk, Sandpaper, etc.
1 Set of finely made Pocket Covers or
1 Book of Instructions and Rules for
Playing 26 Games at home.
Cornwallls was instructing his officers.
"When we rout the Americans," he was say
ing, "bring the first corps to the hotel and we'll
"My lord." said an aid-de-camp, "there ain't
goin' to be no corps."
This was the origin of the expression.
Agonized YouthOh, Miss Grlselda, don't tell
me there is no hope' for me.
Miss GriseldaThere is absolutely none, poor
boy. You mustn't think of it. Why didn't
you fall ii) love with my sister Pamelia? She
is much better fitted for you than I am.
Same YouthWhy, I thought she was en
gaged to that prig of a Spoonamore. If it
isn't asking too much. Miss Griselda, won't you
please say a good word to her for me?
HawkinsThey tell ine that' Jawkins is a
DawklnsYes he's as cold-blooded ji propo
sition as you-
THE MARSHALL VENTILATED MATTRESS.
Top and side partially cut open to show method of ventilation.
eriuine abolitionists, the earnest, faith
workers in the cause, had a hard
road in steering clear of these impos
tors. However, they managed to land
high and dry many a slave by the old
canal route.' We were so near the dead
line of freedom here that most of our
slaveholders were kept so constantly
worried' about their slaves that they
were really glad when the emancipa
tion proclamation was issued. It got
to that point where it was more trouble
and more expense, to keep a negro safe
than he or she was worth."
Complete Home, Hotel and Club Furnishers.
FIFTH'STRBBT AND FIRST AVBNUB SOUTH.
SNIDE LIGHTS OK HISTORY.
Longfellow had just written "Excelsior."
"If I want to wait," he mused, "I might get
a big price for it as breakfast food poetry."
Heaving' a sigh, he sent tile 'proofs to the
min E db
THINKS WITH RAINBOW TINTS.
Statisticians find that something like 2,000
vessels of all sorts disappear in the sea every
year, never to be heard from again, taking with!
themjl2,000 human beings and involving a money
loss of $100,000,000. Still, we like to think the
world advances steadily toward the millennium.:
THE HEALTHY WEST.
"I used to know a man who came here for
the good of his health. His name was Jones."
"Yes, I knew him he dealt himself a card
from the bottom of the deck one evening and
then he left for the good of his health."
SOMETHING OF A CONCESSION.
"Mordecai," said his wife, "did you forget to
register? You're a perfect numskull!"
"I am glad, my dear," responded Mr. Meekus.
blandly, "that at last you have discovered I am
perfect In something."
TOO EASILY MOVED.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
"Newman,' said the editor, "will never do as
a critic." "No?" queried his assistant.
"No. I saw him last night at the premier
performance of that new comedy, and he actually
smiled three or four times.'
Detroit Free Press.
VeterinarySo your new bull pup is sick.
What seems to be the matter with him?
.Owner-A, little of everything, I guess. While
we were $way this, afternoon, he chewed up and
swallowed the dictionary.
REFRESHING HIS MEMORY.
"I wonder," muttered Mr. Rewter looking
once more thru his pocketbook,' "where I laid
that $20 bill I had lest Saturday."
"Perhaps," suggested his wife, "you laid it
on the Evanston team/'
UP IN THE AIR.
Detroit Free Press.
Foreign VisitorAre you one of the cliff
dwellers I've heard so much about?
New YorkerWell, yesthat is, I live on the
twenty-fifth story of a flat building.
Players of almost
any ag.e will
est as their skill
develops and the
gent upon the
with the mental
fit- 26 distinct games
can be played on
one of these tables
Cheaper and more
durable than the
best hair mat
healthy and com
fortable of all
is distinguished from all Others by
its full flavor, delicious quality andj
The Lotcnay Receipt Boot tint FREE.
The Walter M. Lownsy Co., Boston, Mast.
All Week, Nov. 7 to 12.
fiA S. & H. Green Trading Stamp*
W with A. & P. Baking Powder
none better. 18-oz can.
O S. & H. Green Trading Stamps
4iU with one bottle of A. & P.
Extracts, any flavor.
ith any kind of tea of
flne flavor an(
from 25c and up.
With fresh roasted, ground
and pulverized coffees,
Macaroni, Spaghetti, Raisins or Currants, V^
Borax,. Laundry or Toilet Soaps,
Breakfast Poods, jt'fT
Chocolates or Cocoas,
Stamps Given on' Telephone Orders,
Both Phones, 1236.
Regular amounts given on Extra Elgin
the prince sf all Table
521 NICOLLET AV. M" mv