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THH JOURNAL !s published eTery erenlng ex
cept Sunday, at 47-40 Fourth Street South, Jour
nal Building. Minneapolis. Minn.
EAST SIDE OFFICE
CEWTBAL AV AND SECOND ST.
TelephoneBoth lines. No. 9.
Hews Items, Social Items and Want Ads re
tived before noon printed in same day Journal.
There will be no sinecures on the
payroll of the Minnesota house this
Winter. Every employee must make
good with industry and capacity, ac
cording to the program laid out by
Frank Clague of Lamberton, who has
been selected in advance to fill the
That is the right sort of talk to be
(fin with, and every house member
ihould uphold the speaker in his stand
(Lt recent sessions half the employees
have been little better than hangers-on,
drawing their per diem for political ser
Vices at home rather than work at the
capitol. Legislative patronage has been
used to pay political debts. Such a
policy is only another form of graft.
The legislature is a great business body,
and no place for drones. If there is not
enough work to keep every employee
busy, then there are too many em
plovees. By giving clerkships to com
petent stenographers the members will
be able to get letters written and bills
drawn without delay and without going
down in their pockets to pay outside ste
nographers. A new policy along this
line should bring good results.
Now, that this matter has been brought
up, why not have it understood right
at the start that there will be no
'.'graft" resolutions at the close of the
session? The diatom of voting several
thousand dollars of state money to news
papermen, telephone girls and employees
just before adjournment has no legiti
mate defense. This money is not earned.
The people who are not state employees
draw salaries from other sources. The
house and senate employees take their
jobs at a fixed rate per diem. When
the members vote them $2 a clay addi
tional after their -work is done, they are
dispensing a "graft
1 pure and simple.
It is true that the custom has grown up
and the employees expect it. For that
reason it should be understood at the
start that no extra money will be voted.
Then employees not satisfied wi th the
rate of wages can stay at home.
The legislature, which is made a check
on all state offices and departments,
should be the last place for such prac
tices. They are not only bad business,
but bad morals, and demoralizing to
the public service from top to bottom.
The senate has been just as great an
offender as the house at past sessions,
if not worse, and a note of reform from
that quarter woxild have an encourag
ing sound. There are barnacles on the
payrolls of both houses. What, for in
stance, are the duties of the senate fire
inan, and what is the use of en com
mitteeroom keepers for five rooms?
The legislature will meet this winter
in a new, clea,n building. This i.s a good
time to start the fashion of doing state
business on business lines. Let us keep
graft out of the new capitol.
Port Arthur is likely to fall before Zeig
ler. 111., does.
The Cost of War.
While other nations are fairly tum
bling over each other in their fervor
Cor negotiating arbitration treaties
With each other, and referring to the
tribunal at The Hague differences for
settlement whose solution "will not
abrasive of their honor, the two com
batants in the orient announce more
emphatically than heretofore their pur
pose to "fight to a finish."
General Kuropatkin, who has suc
ceeded apparently to the command of
the Kwang-tung and Amur districts,
recently held by Viceroy AlexiefE, has
increased his forces about Mukden to
300,000 men, and boasts that the com
pletion of the Siberian railway around
Lake Baikal will enable him to rein
force at the rate of 40,000 men a month.
As Kuropatkin, when war minister and
a member of the council of ministers,
did more, than any of th em to carry
the motion to secure the actual annexa
tion of Manchuria at any cost in money
or credit, he will do all in his power
to retrieve the disaster of the Liao
yang and hold the province for Eussia.
The ultimate objective of Eussian
aggression, Japan, stands firmly in Eus
sia's way, and, as Premier Katsura de
clared yesterday, her attitude is: "We
are prepared to sacrifice our last man
and our last cent for this war." The
war mean^, indeed, life or death for
Japan. Her 45,000,000 people are ready
to make any sacrifice. The first war
budget.of $288,000,000 was voted cheer
fully and, doubtless, the second budget,
calling for $388,000,000 to prosecute the
war, will be passed without trouble of holding separate statehood from them
any kind. The Japs are solidly united I1*
included in -the budget, the surplus indi"
cated by De "Witte's tmdget is decep
tive. Russia has ,-just negotiated a war
loan at Paris and Berlin for $262,000
000, the second of her war series, and
the free balance boasted of by- the
finance minister is largely kept up by
loans. The free balance is -used to meet
extraordinary expenditures and its ex
haustion means more loans. Russia's
public debt is now about $3,600,000,000.
She cannot comprehend the debt-paying
ability of the United States.
The va st sums spen^ byRussia in the
construction of the Siberian railway
and other lines, present a weak point
in financing, which some experts con
tend is leading her to bankruptcy. Of
ficial peculation, which flourished so ac
tively in the Russo-Turkish war, is
making the present war a source of
enormous profit to contractors and offi
cials who are in collusion with them.
Manager. A few sensible people are doing their
Christmas shopping. i
A Doubtful Policy.
Congressman Steenerson will intro
duce legislation to, permit homestead
ers on the ceded Indian lands in
northern Minnesota to commute after
fourteen month s' residence. The HKTel
son act of 1900, under which these
lands were opened to settlement, re
quires five years' residence on the land
before title can be given.
Mr. Steenerson's bill should be
termed "an act to throw the ceded In
dian lands on the market." Its effect
will be to permit the sale and mortgage
of these lands, and to open the door for
the customary abuses of the commuta
The argument in favor of the amend
ment seems to be that it will permit the
settlers to get early title and secure
money on mortgages for the improve
ment of their farms. No doubt a large
number of the settlers are short of
money to erect needed buildings and
fences, and Mr. Steenerson may be able
to show that this condition constitutes
a necessity. However, the amendment will, on the
other hand, allow many settlers to com
mute and sell their lands to speculators,
leaving them unimproved. It will also
encourage homestead companies to col
onize the lands for the same pur
poses. The much desired mortgages
may prove a dangerous blessing in the
Very likely the Steenerson amend
ment is desired especially for townsite
purposes. As long as five years' resi
dence is required all over these lands,
the development of towns is retarded,
for they cannot be platted and sold in
lots. It is not necessary to break down
the whole act in order to remedy this.
By applying the townsite act to the res
ervation territory, the Indian commis
sioner can be given power to receive ap
plications for townsite entry. Town
sites can. be entered and lots sold under
provisions giving the Indians a share
in the proceeds.
Under ordinary circumstances, con
'gfess Should be slow in extending the.
^commutation privilege. The home
stead act exists, in theory at least, for.
the benefit of actual settlers. If the
settler really intends to stay on the
land the five years' residence is no
hardship, especially when he is given
the land free at the end of this time,
instead of paying $1.25 an acre.
Aguinaldo Is running a small farm near
Cavite, which would seem to suggest that
he is in a hole.
Passing of the Territories.
The second session of the fifty-eighth
Congress will probably be memorable be
cause by its act the last of the con
tiguous continental territories of the
United States will pass into statehood,
the flrgt sess ioh the house of rep
resentatives passed a bill making one
state of Oklahoma and Indian Terri
tory, and another of Arizona and New
Mexico. It is expected that at the ap
proaching session the senate will ratify
the action of the house,
The new state of Oklahoma will enter
the union under conditions remarkably
different from those that have sur
rounded other states at their admission.
It will have several times as large a
population as any other state had at
the time of becoming a state. I is
estimated that by March 4, 1906, which
will probably be the date of admission,
the new state will have 1,200,000 people.
When it is recalled that in 1900 the two
parts of the state to be, Oklahoma and
Indian Territory, hadabout 800,000 peo
ple, it is easy to see that this estimate
is not exaggerated. The new state will
have more people than the whole of
Canada west of, Lake Superior. More
over, the state of Oklahoma will hot
be a raw sister by any means. Its in
habitants are mostly prosperous, edu
cated, intelligent people, who simply
moved over from neighboring states to
participate in the opportunities offered
by a new country.
The people of Arizona are still pro
testing against being coupled with New
Mexico as the state of Arizona. New
JSIexico has the larger population, and
the people of Arizona do not like to-be
dominated by the other part of the new
state, which contains a large Mexican
population. The state of Arizona will
rank next to Texas in territorial area,
having 235,000 square miles. Its popu
lation should bo approximately 500,000.
By the. census of 1900, New Mexico had
195,000 people and Arizona 123,000.r As
a large part of these two territories
will never be capablen of a dense popula
tion, congresls7hah acted wisely in with like
-and the premier says they are
fully meeting the increased taxation, i
and foreign trade has largely increased j^Wt^ts. The amount of land in these
over last year, while home industries
and financial and economic conditions
generally are not affected banking op
erations have expanded and prices of
commodities ha ve only slightly in-
According to Eussian statements,
there is no trouble there as to financing
the war. The Eussian budget for 1904,
indeed, shows an excess of ordinary
revenue over ordinary expenditure of
about $7,000,000 but, as the heavy war
xpenses of the last ten monthi are not
te a slum
wiU have more than 1,000,000- m-
er- the two territories combined in one
territories that can be successfully ir
rigated is limited, and as a rule irriga
tion here is very costly. One of the
costliest irrigation projects undertaken
by the federal government is that of
Salt river in Arizona, and yet the ex
tent of land benefited by this project
is very small.
Having converted all contiguous ter
ritory into states, where will the next
American states come from? Hawaii or
Alaska will probably be the next state.
Then shall we next have states of Porto
tn Philippines, or shall these
new possessions Remain forever outside
the inner circle of the republic!
Ju&je barker's friends have found a
soft' spot for him to alight on. Thru the
"thoughtfulness,'' as It is termed, of Jus
tice'O'Gdrmah of the supreme* court, the
defeated candidate has been appointed on
two commissions for the condemnation of
water-front property for dock purposes.
His revenue from this source will be some
$10,odo a year, which is better than his
salary on the supreme bench of the state,
while it lasts: The judge making the ap
pointment Is the "grand sachem" of
Tammany, on which count Tammany
takes great credit for Its care of the de
feated candidate. With this appointment
and. the practice of law the gentleman
from Esopus ought to be able to keep the
wolf from the door. Certainly no one will jj
begrudge him a little material' good for
tune after that awful fall.
The North Dakota Immigration associa
tion Is going to hold a meeting in De-' 3
cember to talk over plans for concerted
advertisement of the state's resources. It v.
Is this team work that brings results to
any section, and there is no reason why
the immigration agencies and land deal
ers of Minnesota and Dakota should'
not work hand in hand for the!
same ends. The two states are near
enough alike as to resources and
arguments for the homeseeker, and what
speaks for one will speak for both. The
exact location for which the settler headt
is a matter of chance and detail. The
thing to do is to get the man about to
move headed in this direction. It is a
good sign that the land men interested In
the Red river and Jim river valleys are
already doing missionary work in anti
cipation of next spring's movement.
Participants in the coming dramatic
performance arranged by the Woman*J
League of the university are justly indig
nant over the article in a morning paper,
alleging that mothers were shocked over
the parts assigned to their children. It
is claimed that the article was written as
a joke, and if so it is a joke that few will
appreciate. If the production was pro
fessional the break might be charged to
clever advertising by a press agent, but
in this case there is no such excuse. It
is a cruel injustice to the director of the
performance and to all concerned in it.'
Eastern papers had a story that the
president's children barbarously maltreat
ed the president's turkey, chasing it and
pulling out Its' feathers. The story might
have been true, had not the turkey been
dressed when it arrived. iSince the elec
tion, the liar is somewhat embarrassed by
lack of material.
Illinois has a miniature Port Arthur.
Press dispatches announce that Zeigler,
the scene of the coal mining troubles,
is in a state of siege. Striking miners
are firing on the town with high-power
rifles, and four gatling guns are def end
i ing the place. Is this in America
It certainly looks dark for Moses E.
Clapp. The Pioneer Press has taken the
contract of electing him, and announces
in black headlines this morning*. "Sena
tor Clapp Sure to Win." The i?. P. has
not indulged in that sort of talK since the
day before election.
A 2-year-old steer raised near Jackson,
Minn., has won the first prize at the
international live stock exposition in Chi
cago. Who will say now that it was a
"bum steer" when the Minnesota Agricul
tural school bought the beast?
The Russian fleet is said to have de-
s'.gns on Formosa as a base. It is likely
to receive a cold welcome there.. Yet its
welcome at Vladivostok would be still
chillier. The ice is about three feet thicK.
The price of wheat for. some time, is as
likely to be "made" in Minneapolis as in
Liverpool. The American demand is as
great,a factor now as the English de
mand formerly was. 1:
rus Austria, due to thte extensionI oifd the
"reformkleid" or rational dress. Can it
be we are getting sensible?
The Nebraska State Journal, noting that
"Magna Cherta" was signed in 1215, fig
ures out that Russia is 700 years behind
Rockefeller is said to have the New
York Central. He ought to be able to get
anything he wants.
AT THE THEATERS
The realization of two of Jules Verne's
marvelous stories is seen with living char
acters at the Unique theater this week.
The' noVelty of real roses grbftfi be
fore the eyes of the audience and pre
sented fresh and fragrant to the ladles, is
one of the miracles Kellar performs at
the Bijou this week.
Senna Herman will present at the Bijou
next week a new play, entitled "Wedded
but no Wife."
NEWS OFW% 00K WORLD
THE UNEASY CHAIR.
A Book that Will Entertain You.It is
The Eagle's Shadow, by James Branch
Cabell. The eagle which casts the shadow
in this case is the eagle that "talks" from
Uncle Sam's legal tenders. Margaret
Hugonin is the person under, the shadow.
In other words) Margaret has so much
money that she cannot And a husband-*-
that,is, of course,, a" husband
ot the houaay on, are
Walker Whiteside will close his
gagement at the Metropolitan tonight with
a performance of "Jewels of Fire" and
"David Garrick's Love."
Two hours and a half with Ezra Ken
dall in his new play, entitled "Weather
Beaten Benson," is the promise of the
Metropolitan for five performances, be
ginning tomorrow evening.
The success of the all-star cast of "The
Two Orphans" is remarkable. The com
pany is how playing in Kansas Oity to the
capacity of the theater. The engagement
here at the Metropolitan is for three
nights and Wednesday matinee, commenc
ing Monday evening.
"Looping the gap" is the name given the
trick done by the Melrose troupe of acro
bats, appearing at the Orpheum theater
this week, in which one member, is thrown
over two of the others turns a double!
can be sure loves her-^that is, again, she
cannot be sure, whether the one whom
she loves loves her' or her money.
JAMES BRANCH CABELL,
Author of "Tho Eagle's Shadow."
I hope you value his friendship sufficiently
not to marry him. '1119. man's a frauda flimsy,
sickening fraud, like., his poetry, begad, and
that's made up of botany and wide margins and
indecency in about equal proportions.
The house-party, of which this poet is
a part, is called by the colonel "Margaret's
There is no going to sleep over the book.
The movement of the story is too rapid.
Think of itfour: .proposals of marriage
for Margaret in one...evening! And that
wasn't all-the evening held, for her, either.
To the poet's proposal she makes answer
"Beautiful" (her fantastic name for him in
and with "Tal._delight
in by Dori Hayman. Bot booK
are illustrated Numerous Christmas cards
of tasteful and peaatiful. designs and other
calendars thahvithev^Tag-time" give
friends of thisv
course onittime to thejoung foUc.
somersault and lands on the feet of the
third. It makes a sensational and dan
gerous finish, 'to the act.
are "paid coaches *tM'r
Large audiences at the Lyceum this there is always a flood of recriminations, ''angry
week warmly applaud Florence Stone and! accusations of foul play and dirty game." We
the Ferris Stock company in the melo- recently overheard hi friend
drama "Shall We Forgive Her?"
This is education!
There is a will,. Or there are several presumably be denied until all plans are
wills in fact, left by an eccentric uncle prepared.
who made an enormous pile by shearing
lambs in Wall street and then retired.
He -was bent upon having BiUy Woods and
Margaret marry. But. his scheme didn't
work out smoothly, Billy, who was some- i
thing of a paragon, fled the place, and i
after a time the lamb-shearer died, leav
ing his vast estate to Margaret
Not long after, Billy comes back, of i
course, thinks Margaret, to "make It up"
with her and get her eagles. Then there
is a stormy time.'-biit it doesn't last long,
and then the shadow is found to have not
a silver but a goid-leaf lining, with the
leaves very thick, rr
Margaret is the center of interest among
the other characters of the story and, of
course, for the. reader. The author con
vinces you at the outset of her loveliness,
sweetness and inconsistencies, and these
characteristics become more and more ap
parent as the story progresses. She is
bent on doing good with her money and
very naturally Js parted from generous
portions of It by sycophants. Ono of these
Is a poet whom. Margaret's father hits
,Tery*much shocked, I descended slang Why then
cut it-6u$, B^ayiJfuJ,.^',it-out!. ,1 don't be
lieve a word you've said, in the first place and,
anyhow, it annoys me to- Have''you talk to Me
like ttiati''' flon't like it and.it:iaimply makes
me awfuUy, .awfully tired." 'n.
What Margaret -did with therfet of her
offers of marriage we leave to the author
and Margaret to tell
Doubleday, Page & o., New York. $1.50.
Tell me no more that once you loved me well,
For love is still immortal, and its day
Dies not in night, but at the evening bell
It flames anew, and drives the dusk away.
Nor teU me that you kwe me still despite
Some passing tribute to another heart.
For love demands the,rapture to requite,
And, asking all, disdains the lesser part.
Ah, speak no more-' of love Dot In your ken
Lovo is a joy that first to lovers seems
Too subtle for reality,, and then
Too real, too potent, too divine fordreams.
Louise Morgan SilL in Harper's Weekly.
A Christian Science Story.-The novel
called Talltha Cuml by Annie J. Holland,
is devoted to the healing of a child suffer
ing from deformity. The little heroine is
given some new ideas thru reading "Sci
ence and Health,'! and works out her
problems for herself. Outsiae of this, the
Story has a genuinely human touch and
revolves about a family of five sisters in
whom the reader, .fcannot help becoming
Lee & Shepard, Boston. Price $1.50.
2E"S'8rfS AS" SI" Whether Hill or Harlan ta
andProse,"it with "Taless from Longfelloh lorn M-e
series of publicationsthe a
wide range to select "from.
Raphael Tuck &- Sons, New York.
watch there are'ofjen "lifelong Injuries an
ARE MOST ACTIVE
THEY LEAD I N EXTENSION AND
Hitherto Unopened Sections Are Being
Penetrated and Systems Are Getting
Into Shape to Enlarge
GreatlySoo's Winnipeg Extension
Bids Fair to Profit by Reciprocity.
The shame of football has steadily in
creased, despite the' years of warning of
all lovers of true sportsmanship and gen
uine athletics, says American Medicine.
Ten years agoi the Harvard team averaged Muffhitt, Harriman and otickney came
1T pounds and the Yale 174. Today ttie together at the National City hank, two
average is 200 the centers weighing 227
and *3 if welgh arid brute force were into the matter of buying the road, but
the only' ideals of the colleges who allow no sale has as .yet been arranged. The
and support this rank abuse of athletics alleged 'option of Union Pacific was a
and caricature of education, it would kind .of tentative arrangement such as
surely be bad enough. But far worse is Harriman has always liked, a sort of
the admitted and brazenly patent "brutel- indefinite string on the property, so that
trainers, surgeons and
.ambulances." After! each "great struggle"
how he and othersa haplayer beentelline ablg tos cripples
rivals by cunning brutality and he was proud
and boastful of his ability to do this and escape
the umpire's eye. The prlsseflght Is honorable
and dignified ln comparison. And worse yet is,
the fact that after
By the use of the animatograph the most .flees BDOW the resultant diseases of "rooters
wonderful moving picture ever made is and celebrators,Iawho have seized the occasion to:
presented, showing a trip to the moon and lapse nto indescribable batbarism and debauch-',
the center of the earth. The use of ,*K-
Wonderful machines of locomotion and
other scientific marvels is so vividly por
trayed that the effect is marvelous, and
rivals the realism of the world's fair pike
illusions. All this, with five strong vau
deville^ acts and an illustrated song, go-to
make Vp the continuous performance" at
the Hennepin avenue yaudeyille house.
great games doctors* Of-
Powerhouse on ^V^heels."-r-An internal
combustion locomotive -is being built for
trial use on the Southern Pacific railroad.
According to J. Longford King in The
Mareonlgram for Deeember the designers:
and tauiaers thisf new eneineTrtsay that
It can haul a 2,00d-tbh train from New
York to San Francisco without .a single
stop. This claim is based upOh the.fact
that the locomojhyee cam carry'^suffiKjient
'fueP/or the 3,000-mfte journey and ^needs
po water from which- to make s^eam.' The
power used is ^Combination' of Com
pressed air poli "fiiet-oAk ,.goww,V,land
electricity.- Tests^ST tire ne-KTldoemotive
I will b mads wgg&$&tf&*
Soo Line is finishing up its Glenwood
extension and has recently thrown it
open to traffic. It is going to be a
great earner, and if reciprocity ever
comes will be the best division of the
system. are around that Du-
I "Northern rKift'S & Sami"'.*!*!!
leading spirit All
xjrmno- folk ue leauiiig spirit,. .AH lan cy
JOURNAL, ?^ay^fss^sNovtoberfffi i^w%^^mmmmmm:$
Special to The Journal.
New York, Nov. 30.Northwestern
railroads are making more rapid pro
gress than any other group of roads in
the country, with the possible exception
or the southwestern lines. There is
more enterprise in sight in the under
takings of "these lines than at any other
time in four years. They are all spend
ing money, in equipment, rails, and lines
to unopened sections.
The most striking change, perhaps, is
in the policy of the Chicago & North
western, whose mileage column has
stood still for nearly three years. The
executive is asking specifications on 100
miles of new road in Wisconsin from
Sheboygan, Mich., thru Green Bay, Wis.,
to Eland Junction.. It is designed
inction It IS aesignea tto Burk, contracting freight agent.. St Paul K.
make more serviceable the mam line of goie^ soliciting freight agent, st. Paul w. _E.
the division from northern Wisconsin
and Michigan. Further extensions will
bring the total in Wisconsin up to about
140 miles. Another extension will run
west about twenty miles from Bone
steel, S. D.,n to th Rosebud reservation.
The has only one big se-
hande. The Pacific exten
sion is getting well in hand, but. will
Soo and Reciprocity.
or n ijowry system, Dein
South Shore is to be made a very
aet part of thp I.owrv svsrpm hfiinir
taken in under the consolidated mort
gage and extended into western terri
tory served by the Great Northern al
most exclusively. Another phase is
that the South Shore road is to parallel
the Canadian Northern from Duluth
into Manitoba. These rumors may
arise from the genius of the small pool's
that have made these stoeks famous at
Canadian Pacific, the parent road of
both Soo Line and Duluth South Shore,
is making more progress and spending
more money than any other northwest
ern road. Last week it opened np its
Areola branch, 113 miles. Incidentally
the earnings are piling up increases of
over $100,000 a week. The Grand
Trunk project has wakened the Cana
dian Pacific mangement. It must
build or be cut off from some of the
best regions. It has occupied itself in
settling sections along its own line and
on its own land. Now it is going hard
after the outlying counties. The Ar
eola brand is only one of many.
Big Equipment Purchases.
The oast Reason has been remarkable
for equipment purchases. The company
has bought 90 eheines, 165 passenger
cars and 2,400 freight cars. I now has
over one thousand engines in commis
sion. Mr. Gutelins, a .-junior official, is
reported as saying that the grades have
:beeh cut from a maximum of 1 per cent
.to a maximum of three-tenths of one
per cent. This change, if tme, is one
of the most remarkable feats in four
years of progression.
This company and the Great North
ern are remarkable for the way they
have dipped into the industrial busi
ness. A year ago the Canadian Pacific
threatened to go into the lumber busi
ness if the alleged "trust" did not be
have itself. The trust capitulated. Then
the road went into the mining business
in British Columbia, both in ores and
in coal, and is making money. Then
J. J. Hill, not content with his control
of the Crow's Nest Pass coal tonnage,
bought out Canadian interests in the
Granby Consolidated Mining company,
and is making tonnage out of the ore
Great Northern on the Defensive.
Great Northern is also talking about
some local lines in northern Minnesota
and the Dakotas to meet "the Lowry
aggressions," as they are called. Wheth
er or not this will amount to much de
pends upon the spirit of Canadian Pa
cific and of J. J. Hill. The latter will
fight aggressions, but he will wait until
the aggressions materialize before he
does much. He would much prefer to
wait until he knows where he is at in
the Northern Securities patter before
entering upon any campaign of invasion
or reprisal against Lowry or any one
else. Great Northern is rich enough
to do anything. The stocks have gone
up fifty points on the Wall street mar
ket while nobody was looking at them.
by Messrsm Hil and Harriman will re
the railroad.map west of Chi
Qwithout*l-n are askina_
either Hill or Harriman. No such plan
is in contemplation, and if it ever, comes
it will be after the courts have pointed
out the proper way to do it. This is
official and will be proved correct. In
the meantime the Northern Pacific is
not contemplating any great enterprises
in the west.
Status of Great Western.
The most important ehlange seems to
be impending in Great Western. Messrs,
weeks a^o and it was decided to look
tho BoRtonwhich Transcript Harriman hi looks Hr likes the Laurenc.e
j^. T.raU lookone of Hughittds and rumoroad has been elsliked
coul buy the unless
jbeComencommander-in-chief Som of the requirementd Wester some day Boon. N on Con
firms 'this., however, and it Is more
a hope than a realization to date*
$25,000,000 FOR EQUIPMENT
Railroads in November Ordered Engines
and Cars to Cost That Much.
Special to The Journal.
New York, Nov. 30.The past ten
days has seen a most remarkable revival
in the car and engine business. There
has not been a similar period the past
three years, for volume and price of the f^*.'^ P""1*1
orders. Orders for these two items of'
equipment in November ran over
In October the railroads ordered
equipment worth about $23,000,000 240
engines and 19,000 cars of all, sorts.
These things mean that thfc manage
ments of the big roads are unanimous
in looking forward to prosperity such
as they have never experienced. They
waited two. years to look the ground
over and then decided to get more ma
Harriman lines, for instance, ordered
in the early summer fifty engines. Later
advices revealed the fact that millions
of tons of freight,would be lost to the
systems unless they greatly strengthened
the motive power department by the
beginning *of the spring traffic. Conse-
the companies: are aslsinp speei
cation on 150 additional engines, to
cost nearly $3,000,000. .This is but one
LINE TO REACH THBEMOPOLIS
The North-Western Extension Will Tap
Large Wyoming Territory.
Special to The Journal.
Deadwood, S. D., Nov. 30.E. L. Par
rish, the railroad contractor, is in the
Hills. He has just returned from a
trip over the proposed North-Western
extension from Casper to Lander, Wyo.,
and reports that a permanent survey is
now being made.
Aextensiont a poin 10l0bmiles wesThermopolisr of Caspe wil run to
thirty miles from the main line. The
building of this road, Mr. Parrish says,
will open up a large stock and agricul
tural country heretofore held from prom
inence by reason of railroad isolation.
INSPECTING THE N.
Personnel of Party of Agents Going
Over the System.
The Northern Pacific freight agents'
party, which is inspecting the system,
is made up as follows:
Henry Blakeley, assistant general freight
agent F. W. Clemsou, New England freight
agent, Boston B. E. Delany. general agent,
Buffalo F. H. Fogarty, general agent, Chicago
A. H. Chaffee, commercial agent, Cincinnati
T. K. Blanche, general agent, Duluth C. T.
Noonan, soliciting freight agent, Milwaukee F.
A. Hawley, commercial agent, Minneapolis C.
F. beeger, general agent. New York Jonn A..
Donal, Jr., general agent, Philadelphia W. W.
Scully, commercial agent. Pittsburgr E. H.
lorester, general agent, San Francisco C. B.
Sexton, couunereial agent, St. Louis W. M.
Belcher, contracting freight agent, Toronto H.
Swlnford, general agent, Winnipeg.
The transcontinental freight bureau has made
a concession to exhibitors at the Lewis and
Clark fair at Portland next summer. No return'
rreight will be charged on exhibits when full
rreight is paid going west. The goods must
remain in original hands and the roads Snust be
released from liability as common carriers.
WATSON CALLS ON
SOUTH TO AWAKE
Declares Democratic Party Is
Sectional, Not National, with
South Its Victim.
Crawfordsville, Ga., Nov. 30.Thom-
as E. Watson, recently candidate of the
people's party for president, today ad
dressed a large crowd at this place, the
former home of Alexander H. Stevens.
His address was received with close
attention, but with no marked enthusi
asm. He spoke in part as follows:
In national politics, the democratic party
stands without a party, a declaration of
principles or accepted leader. It is utterly
bankrupt in reputation. It has no unity
of conviction, sentiment or purpose. It
contains antagonistic elements which can
never be harmonized. Its secret purpose
is so foreign to what democratic masses
approve that the eternal struggle of the
national leaders is to prevent the demo
cratic masses from penetrating that secret
purpose. What is that secret purpose?
To use the democratic, party in support
of the .same system of class legislation
which the republican party stands for.
The watchword is "keep up the attack
upon republican individuals, but do not
attack the system of special privileges
Which is responsible for present condi
In other words, the spcret. mission of
the democratic party is. 1o keep up- a
Bryan the Candidate.
I make this prediction:, Bryan will be
the candidate of the democratic party in
1908. And I make this second prediction
When Bryan runs for president in 1S08,' as
the candidate of the Farker-Belmorit
Cleveland-Gorman combine, he will be a
worse beaten man than Parker was.
The democratic party cannot longer
claim to be national. It is sectional. The
south is still its victim. The south is
still the quadrennial sacrifice which cor
rupt or stupid southern politicians deliver
over to Wall street. But- for the solid
south, the eastern democracy would have
shut up shop, joined the republicans and
faced a genuine party of opposition.
What keeps the south solid? Nothing
in the -world except an out-of-date sec
tional animosity and the shamelessly hy
pocritical cry of negro domination.
In each southern state there is a mo
nopoly of privilege and power which is
fighting for its life. As a rule this mo
nopoly is based upon the support of
northern railroads, northern banks, north
ern manufactures, the schoolbook trust,
the Standard Oil trust, the tobacco trust,
the whisky trust and the cottonseed oil
trust. Fed bountifully from these rich
sources, the democratic machine In the
southern states is very haughty, Indeed.
It wants no change.
Monopoly Is Kept Up.
Southern politicians will sacrifice the
national ticket any time to maintain the
local monopoly. And the "negro ques
tion" is the joy of their lives. They ex
ist upon it. They fatten on it.. With one
shout of "nigger" they can run native
democrats to their holes at any hour of
the day. Men who appear to have some
common sense in other directions lose all
their mental bearings when the "negro
question" is sprung, and "they immediate
ly begin to hop around in a dervish dance
of political hysteria.
The south cannot afford to be sectional.
In Self-defense she must be national. If
we allow our southern leaders to put us
ln a degrading position nationally, ours
is the fault. As long as we allow the
solid south to be a political slave to a
handful of eastern capitalists we may ex
pect to feel the lash of the slavedriver
and to feel the weight of the chain.
Let us put a finish to these degrada
tions of the south. Let us assert our
manhood against the tyranny of political
bosses. Let us break the shell of this
bourbonlsm which neither learns nor for
WHAT OfBEB PEOPLE THIHK
The Tariff on Wheat.
To the Editor of the Journal.
I wish to call attention to the fact that
there i3 a tariff on wheat of 25 cents a
bushel. An effort is being: made to gret
er-Jones -Jewel5l company of New York
this tariff reduced or t,akeh off entirely so says today: Jacob Schift, the New YorK
that wheat from Canada can be imported, financier, is one of the men behind the
Canadian wheat is selling at 20 to 25 cents proposition to establish an opposition gas
a bushel lower than ours is selling for. and electric light company in San Fran-
and the result: will be that it will cause cisco. A $50,000,000 syndicate was or-
a. drop in price of 20 to 25 cents a bushel ganiaed some time ago in San Francisco
in_ the markets of the United States. to take
.Now,^ Mr. Farmer, how would you like1
that? It appears that four companies are
in the fieldthe Washburn-Crosby and plant in San Francisco.
AT MERCY OFFOE
General Story Declares Personnel
Meager, Equipment Insuffi
cient, System Weak.
Washington, Nov. 30.Brigadier
General Story, chief of artillery, TJ. S.
A in his annual report to General
Chaffee, chief of staff, dwells upon what
he regards as the most urgent demands
of the coast defenses. He says that the
best and most economical use of the en
tire armament for the coast requires
one complete relief to man each and
every element of defense, and adds:
It is inconceivable that congress, after
appropriating millions for national de
fense, would be willing, if its attention
were drawn to the fact, to leave this de
fense ineffective for want of a proper or
ganization to ma.n and. conduct it.
He says that if torpedoe cot
The report further says that even
with complete material for torpedo de
fense, it is practically valueless with
out a trained personnel carefully in
structed how to operate it and that to
day we are substantially without such
a force. Only- 400 men can be as
signed, he says, for a service requiring
about five thousand. It would be un
wise, the report says, to attempt to
provide a personnel for the submarine
defense from the present force of coast
artillery since there are today only one
half the number of officers and men re
quired to man and serve the armament
General Story' says there has "been.
developed in our coast artillery a sys
tem of fire action which is not equaled
in the world, but its accomplishment
depends upon a standard equipment,
which is not completely installed in any
of our harbors. The report goes on:
The poor showing made by the Russian
coast artillery at Port .Arthur against the
Japanese fleet has caused surprise, but
the explanation is that the artillery ther
when the ranges are 10,000 to 12,000 me
ters does not shoot at all or shoots without
It would be impossible, if we have our
position-finding equipment completely in
stalled, for hostile vessels to remain 10,000
or. 12,000 meters from our batteries of
twelve-inch guns or mortars for two or
three hours and not be destroyed.
-Ji'/j.-'' Our Harbors 'Weak.
I regret, however, to have to say that
even at this day most of our fortified har
bors are not better supplied with a po
sition-finding equipment than apparently
New York Sun Special Service.
Waukgan, 111., Nov. 30.With theif
definite destination unannounced to the
Zion people, Apostle Dowie and his sick
wife, accompanied by their son, Glad
stone, and a number of officers of Zion,
left last night for the south, the ob
iect of the journey being to take Mrs.
Dowie to a climate where she may get
outdoor exercise and thus regain
strength lost during a sickness which
for some time threatened to prove fatal.
Officers sav that Mrs. Dowie 'will ero
to various points of interest during her
several months' absence. They say sho
has no organic troubles, but that her
overworked condition demands a change
of climate, one where she may be out of
doors much of the time.
BRITISH OFFICER RANSOMED.
Gibraltar, Nov. 30.Kaid MacLean, th*
British officer who reorganized the sul
tan of Morocco's bodyguard and com
manded it for many years, has arrived
here from Fez, by way of Tangier. While
the kaid was passing Arzila, he was at
tacked by brigands who held him for
ransom, which was paid. This fresh at
tempt to capture a European shows that
disaffection still exists among the tribes.
OPENS DOOR TO COPPER ORE.
New York, Nov. 30.The board of
United States general appraisers has sus
tained a protest by a Plattsburg, N. Y.
firm, claiming free duty for concentrated
copper ore. The ore had been assessed
at 20 per cent as a non-enumerated man
ufactured article. It is held that the con
traction of ore while removing some of
the impurities, still leaves it copper ore,
which is provided for in the free list.
matter is, therefore, not merely a Min
neapolis proposition, but a question con
cerning the entire milling industry of the
Does this not concern every farmer*in
the United States? Whajt.are the Carm-j
ers going to do about it? It.seems to'
me it is the duty of every iarmet and
every business man outside of the milling
Industry to enter a protest at once, and OWES $87,862 HAS $377.
a very vigorous one, to the treasury de- Chicago, Nov. 30.-~Wlth schedule debt*'*
partment and our members ln congress to of $87,862 and $377 assets. Justice Frank
use all their efforts to keep this tariff Foster of South Chicago has filed a peti-"
where It is. It's the only tariff that will tion in bankruptcy. Foster gained pub-^
in any way help the farmers and the only licity recently as the magistrate in the."
one that ever, enacted
detrimentwas to him
passeltpn JJ. l?
with a proper armament as at
probable that any enemy, however en
terprising, would attempt to force their
line of defense. He continues:
To secure the greatest measure of na
tional safety at the least cost, the en
tire torpedo defense of ovr harocrs should
at once be made complete. It would bo
criminal neglect if I did not urge, aa
earnestly as I can, the immediate comple
tion of the torpedo defense* of all our
fortified ports. Today this defense is la
mentably deficient* both in material and
If we were suddenly confronted by war,
no amount.,of money could procure sub
marine mines in time to be of service for
our harbor defense. The materials for
such defense are made only to fill order*
and their deliveries would occupy many
months and only such as might be oa
hand could be utilized for an early attack.
Personnel Is Meager.
war were to break but" we would
not have the trained force required to
serve our guns effectively. However good
our guns are, vet one-half of them wouia
not be of much more use than so manjr
tons of inert metal.
General Story is of the opinion that
the field artillery falls fifteen batteries
short of the number tactically needed
for the present infantry and cavalry
organizations, and in this connection
"There is no first-class power which
has so systematically neglected its field
artillery as the United States."
I his judgment the experience o
the Eusso-Japanese war shows the for
eign practice of having usually about
four guns per one thousand men is bet
ter than the one proposed for our
service. D0I1E TAKES WIFE
SOUTH AFTER HEALTH
SCHlFF IN BIG GAS DEAL.
San Francisco, Nov. 30.The Examiner
proposition big wester cities industrialondan
the schemes is an opposition lighting
ST. LOUIS TO HAVE MUSEUM.
St. Louis, Nov. 30.Papers of incorpor
ation have been filed In the St. Louis cir
cuit court for the St. Louis public muse
um with Pierre Chouteau, president
George L. Parker, secretary, and Wil
liam H. Thompson, treasurer. As many
objects of general interest as possible will
be secured from the world's fair.
what wa a 1 hearing charges of arso against Isaac
A Ansons N. Perryof former presidennt of the
tional bank of North America,