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Hesitant Speculative Situation.
The serious nature of the situati on
ami the uncertainty existing with ref
eienco to the speculative part of the
world's financial affairs wore empha
sized this week by the appearance of
a statement compihxl by M. Nevmarck,
statistician anil ecoaiomic writei, giv
ing figures lepiesentang French invest
ments abroad Tho total is huge, run
ning to $3,759,099,000. The war in the
east beais heavily upon Fiance, and
at a tune like this, when all the world
is waiting and watching for a great
naval battle, the question naturally
arises as to what the effect upon Paris
will be in the event of a crushing de
feat iov the .Russian commander.
The Fiench people aie the most won
derful of savers. Despite the cata
clysm of the Franco-Prussian war, inch
left France with an enormous mclem
ment to be made up from
.weakened resources, and a debt that
was staggering, she pulled out of it
within a decade. Despite great losses
in foreign investments, as in the
Panama canal collapse, the French
people have gone on savi ng and send
ing, monev abroad for investment, for
there are not opportunities enough at
home to provide for all the surplus.
Every government has some French
monev under it, and cve-iy countrv has
its industries or its railroads represent
ing in some part the investme nt of
French savings. "Remote Oceanica has
$11,132,000, 1'entral America $55,970,-
000, North America $204,194,000 and
"."Asia $216,353,000. South Ameri ca has
diawn $506,432,000 from France, and
*^in Africa, as is natura l, French colonial
and othei investmen ts run to $712,749,-
000. But it is in Europe that the big
figures appeal, aggregating $4,053,000,-
TJ00. Fiance is not a heavy investor
in Geimany, and her holdings of Eng
lish, Spanish, Italian and other securi
ties aie not especially heavy in the
case of any particular, country. M.
Neymaick has not given details, but
everyone knows that the heavy end of
the enormous European total lies in
Eussia. France is carrying a mountain
of Muscovite debt.
With war lisks increasing, insurance
rates on ships engaged in the oriental
trade going up rapidly, and all the
1 woild on the ragged edge for first noise
of the battle, it is natural that French
financiers should begin to feel that the
crucial test is soon to come.
Months ago. when the new French
premier, M. "Rouvier, took office, one of
his first acts was to send out semi offi
cial notification to all the agents de
change of the Pans bourse, to the ef
fect that the governmental attitude was
one of opposition to speculation, and
J^.the co-operation of the bar/kers and
brokers was solicited for the work of
discouraging it in the interest of gen-
r* cral financial stability. This has
work ed out splendidly, and, altho "Rus
sia has had some frightfully hard
knocks, and the owners of Eussian se
curities have not been free from nerv
ousness, reassurance has always been'
forthcoming from highest sources, and
."thru it all Paris has been free from
*,'even the whisper of panic. This has
been the situation to dat e, but whether
in the event that Togo should fall upon
Eo.iestvenoky and inflict a crushing de
feat, confidence could still be main
tained is doubtful. The only thing
_ likely to preve nt a panic would be im-
JJ media te inauguration of peaee negotia
tions, and this is one reason why many
Z: (jfT"&elievc that once the Eussian fleet is
^'beaten, peace will come. The Fren'eh
financial situation meanwhile is one of
I o-great uncertainty.
X* America stands to suffer little by any
financial disturbance that mig ht come
over P?ris. I is New York and Lon-
j, don tjiat aie hooked up in instantan
eous tovuh, with securities markets one
^-reflecting the other. Should the unex
pected happen, and the Japanese fleet
1 *-go down to defeat, it cannot be doubted
that London would feel the effect ad
Aversely, and New York would suffer
\r* sympathy. This would not necessarilv
be great declin'e, nor would it in any
jKfirtlikelihood be permanent, at least on our
I'Inside, where everything in our icports of
,r.*Grops, internal commerce, and finance,
C%ttis so favorable. But it is the thing
to be watch ed for now, and while the
2^. fight is pending hesitation will rule the,
lb. markets for securities,
ir'"" Rev. W. E McLennan, pastor of Bel-
K,4*?*'den Avenue Presbyterian church. Chicago,
advocates a corps of competent mstruc
W tors in every theological schooln, t/'a^oorP3a
I post-graduate course
11 .and all
Workers that will give
I them an^ into practical -affairs.
of competent instructors" cannot teach.
One of them is "an insight into practical
affairs." The graduate to get it must -go
out and work,side by side with men if
he expects to- know what men are think
ing and feeling.
Not a Code of Honor.
The interstate commerce commission
has been holding hearings in Chicago
and tho public has been learni ng some
thing more about the methods of tho
piivate car lino companies.' Accord
ing to the testimony of a'stenographer
foimerW in the employ of the Ar
mours, a secret code existed by whi ch
rebat es wero regulatedj '^Laugh-
some" in this code meant "pay a re-
bate""lava' meant pay the re
bate out of cash in liana*no tell-tale
checks. The names of the interstate
commecc commission were in the 'code
and the members of the commission
were amused to learn what words
stood for their names. "Imprison" it
appears' meant Mr. Proiity, while
"woodprint" signified that somebody
was to avoid service of summons from
the interstate commerce commission.
This word flashed over the wire gave
somebody an extra vacation.
Eebates on fruit shipments it ap
pears were paid to certain large ship
pers whom the witness named. The
lailroads have alwavs claimed that
they had nothing to do with the
chta ges made or repayments allowed
by the private car lines. They were
helpless, but it is a curious fact that
no receiver of fruit had anything to
i with the private car line company.
His dealings are with the railroad
and to the railroad he pa ys his bill.
There was the ease of Mr. Davies of
hicago, who testified before the com
mission that he had refused to pay an
exorbitant charge for icing cars be
tween Decker, Ind., and Chicago.
said that the railroad people insisted
that he bhould' ay it and when he de
murred on the ground that the bill
was unreasonable they told him they
h.id nothing to do with that. When he
asked them to refer him to the man
who had to do with making the bill
thev still insisted that he pay it or
they would shut off hig credit and re
fuse to haul shipments to him unless
the charges were prepaid. The rail
road 111 this case showed a violent
anxiety to collect the icing charge for
the car line company, tho disclaiming
any interest in it. Mr. Davies found
that tho he was doing business with
an interstate corporation his bills wero
being made out by a company having
no common carrier duties and which
did not appear in the transaction.
Tho railroads may be able to satisfy
the public that they have no interest
in these charges or no guilt in these
discriminations, but they will pardon
the public if it does not see it at once.
On the use of private cais the ruling
of the interstate commerce commission
has been, "when a carrier accepts and
uses cais for transportation, owned by
shippers or others, in legal contempla
I tion it adopts them as its own for pur
poses of rates or carriage, and neither
the manner of acquiring the cars nor
inability to furnish its general patrons
the use of cars similar to those fur
nished by some shippers for their own
traffic, can excuse or justify a earner
for a disci imination in rates that may
give one shipper an advantage over
another nor can any device such as
the payment of unreasonable rent for
the use ot cars furnished bv shippers,
be practiced to evade the duty of equal
charges tor equal service."
The railroads, either .are or are not
able to protect their patrons from ex
tortionate charges by private-car lines.
If they are not, then the government
must. If the railroads are able, but
will not do it, then the government
must take a hand in the general busi
ness of making rates where complaint
is-filed ind a showing of- unreasonable,
rates made. Tt does seem as tho the
logical way to reach the private-car
line is thin the railroad, because, while
the shipper knows the railroad and
pays his bill to it, and the government
knows the raihoad and has given it its
right of eminent domain, without which
there could be no railroad, neither the
shipper nor the government knows the
private-car line. Why, then, should the
railroad be able to fob off congress by
saying, "Don't attack us we are pow
erless go after the private-car lines.
Tllby are the fellows who are doing
the mischief." Will the governmen t,
with a responsible agent in sight, go
off into the woods looking for a hidd en
Pension Commissioner Warn er has ^dis
covered that the famous "Order No. 78"
has been made retroactive in some cases
and that the government has been done
to the, tune of $750,000. In the case of a
private business this would be a real loss,
but in the case of the government it is
merely keeping money in circulation.
Gov. Hanly's Reform Movement.
The governor of Indiana is applying
to tho public service in that state the
same principle in operation on some of
the railroads and in a number of other
great industrial institutions he is* re
fusing to appoint to office any man
who drinks liquor or to appoint any one
who will appoi nt a subordinate who
drinks. His rule is arousing no little
opposition, but that does not seem to
worry him any. contends that the
state is entitled to the best service its
'servants are capable of giving, and the
experience of business men is that em
plovees who drink are below grade if
thev do not want men of that kind,
why, asks the governor of Indiana,
should the state be compelled to take
the eastoffs and- bums? And why
The no-drink rule in business has
been a powerful agent for temperance
reform, but nothing like what Gover
nor Hanly's requireme nt would be if
it weie made general. When the po
litical worker has to give up the sa
loon in order to avoid disqualifying
himself for a- public job, to which he
is always- aspiring, the vender of the
fruit of the Kentucky vine will have to
go out of business. Indiana is said to
have taken a great moral brace under
the influence- of the new governor's
sBoU-ey** and,. a Indianapolis rdispate%
reports that in all cities where they
have a metropolitan police force there
is a strict enforcement of the saloon
laws and the hews* against gambling.
BUI Devery, New York city'a states
man, would give all automobilists that
exced the speed limit a jail Bentencp.
"If they was put against the prison
chuck for a few meals," says Mr. Devery,
"they would put drags on their a
1 Treatment of Consumption.
The first annual meeting of the na
tional association for the study and
prevention of tuberculosis will be held
in, Washington the 18th and 19th of th is
month. This will be an important con
ference of the eminent medical special
ists vrpori' a mos absorbing subject.
Minnesota' will be represented by Dr.
Bracken, the secretary of the -state
board of health, who will address the
meeting on infection in transportation,
and by Dr. C. Green of Jit. Paul,
who will discuss the relation of tho
disease to life insurance. This meeting
will probably eventuate in some action
looking toward the suppression of th is
disease both b.y direct treatment and
by public education as to its nature.
The old theory as to the hereditary
character of tuberculosis, while not en
tire ly discarded, has fallen from its bad
eminence as the sole cause of the dis
ease. So long as it occupied that posi
tion the theory assisjted materially to
propagate the disease. Now that the
theory of the communicable nature of
consumption has assumed its due im
portance in the discussion,' scientific
progress in its abatement -is possible.
I is hardly the provin ce of a news
paper to discuss minutely the steps to
be taken, but the fa ct that a large por
tion of the time of the Washington
conference will be devoted to a sym
posium on the sanatorium treatment of
consumption perhaps indicat es as well
as anything could the trend of medi
Consumption carries off more people
than any other known disease. There
has never been a medical or surgical
cure for it. There is a nature cure
which has worked wonders, and that
is the fresh-air cure. Medic al opinion
has progressed far when physicians are"
ready to recomme nd detention institu
tions for ignorant or vicious consump
The segregation of the victims of
this disease from the healthy portions
of the community is an essential feature
of the modern treatment. A soon as
the disease was recognized as infectious
the duty of the medical profession plain
ly pointed to the state as the proper
resort for authority to stop its spread.
This is necessary in only a minority of
cases. Public aid may still be necessary
in sanatori um and industrial opportuni
ties for indige nt consumptives.
The confeience will issue an educa
tional leaflet for distribution among the
people which should be of immense
Yesterday was as good as any we had
President A. Stickn ey of the Chi
cago Great Western vhas made*'' trouble
for the railroad men before. His latest
exhibition of independence of view and
frankness of statement is his declara
tion to the senate committee on
interstate commerce in favor of
givi ng the interstate- commerce
commission the power t,o fix rates.
The railroad men have been niling
up testimony with the Senate com
mittee to the effect that such power,
if exercised, would throw the business
of the country into confusion and have
called to their aid shippers concerning
whose testimony they seem to have
been advised beforehand and have
drawn upon the so-called "ex-
pert knowledge" of a university
professor in support of the theorv that
the interstate commerce commission, if
it had the power, would soon "play
hob" with the whole rate situation.
I contradiction of their claims, r.
Stickne y, who' is a successful railroad
man himself, but who has never hesi
tated to declare his views when they
have been in disagreement with other
railroad men, informs the committee
that the interstate commerce commission
would be the most satisfactory arbiter
possible." r. Stickney's testimony is
going to make trouble, for he not only
advocates givi ng the power of making
rates to the commission, but he shatters
that beautiful theory that the givi ng of
rebates and the granting of favors and
discriminations has been abolished by
the Elkins law. says the directors
have stopped paying rebates on gra in
shipments, but in lieu thereof have paid
elevator fees, which is anoth er .way of
givi ng rebates.
The railroad men have been having
things so much their own way with the
senate committee and everything has
been running so smoothly in their di
rection that they had persuad ed them
selves and almost convinced some other
people that the whole question of rat e
making was disposed of, the president
headed off and the danger of effective
railroad legislation averte d. But with
men like r. Stickney coming to the
front, the president again on deck de
claring for rate regulation anjl the pub
lic in possession of a clearer and more
accurate idea of what rate regulation
really means, it appears the campaign
is only fairly open.
I bas been the play of the railroad
men and their friends, the "railroad
senators," to scare everybody with the
idea that the possession of the rat e
making power by the commission meant
a general overhauling of the rate sys
tems of the country. A "Chicago uni
versi ty professor has been brought to
the front to describe conditions in Ger
many and show how rate-making by
the governme nt oh governme nt railroads
has been disastrous.
Of course, it was never, contemplated
that the interstate commerce commis
sion should go into the business of mak
ing rates on a broad scale, any more
than our state commission does, but
should interfere with" existing rates
only in specific cases wdiere it was
shown conclusively that tfie -existing
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL
rate was not reasonable. The-president
has clearly stated that that is his
idea of rate regulation and -our gov
ernment is certainly not without the*
power and ought not1,
to be without tho
power to correct unreasonable rates
made by railroads exercising power
delegated by the state for1
of the public.
W do not anticipate that it will be
necessary for the interstate commerce
commission to exercise its power except
in very rare instances, but it is manifest
that the possession of that power is
sure to exercise an exceedingly 'whole
some influence upon all rate-making by
the railroads themselves,
Maybe Taft will be glad|to get qff the
lid and stretch his legU
Loeb, Wood, Omaha.
The president's special train which
was to have reached Omaha at 10:20,
on the night of May 9, ftid not arrive
on that date nor on anyvother. I did
not arrive at Omaha at all, but was
sent around by anoth er route, tho the
president was billed to appear in Oma
ha, and thereby hangs a tale. Loeb
was on the train. Mae Wood was at
Omaha. Mae Wood wanted to meet
Loe b, but Loeb did not reciprocate the
wish for an interview. She had some
legal papers she wanted to show him,
and in fact leave with him as a memen
to of his visit to Omaha. These papers
were a summons and complaint in a
suit instigated by Mae Wood against
Loeb and others, charging that they
took, purloined, abstracted, removed,
concealed and otherwise monkeyed with
certain tangible property then and
there belonging to the said Mae Wood,
to-wit, a bundle of letters written to
Miss Mae Wood byHhe easy boss,'' T.
C. Piatt. Warm letters.
Maybe these letters were valuable
and maybe they were not, but indepen
dent ly of their value the incident sug
gests to presidents that hereafter they
choose the tenants of their special
trains with a view to their freedom to
visit any pait of the country. I would
be mortifying to a president to arrange
to vMt a towrn
and make a keynote
speech on the tariff and find at the last
minute that his secretary is barred
from th is town by legal Complications.
Suppose the president starts out to vis
it Council Bluffs and make a speech on
the railroad question and learns when
too late that some member of the cab
inet who is on the train is accused of
having committed arson in that town
when a small boy, or that the solicitor
of the treasur y, who is an honored
guest, is charged wi th having forged a
check for $8 in Sedalia, or that the at
torney general has three wives laying
for him in Shreveport, how is the "presi
dent to arrange his itinerary? I the
Mae Wood case the president probably
felt und er some obligations to Loeb for
asking him to skip Omaha. W can
imagine that a'presideilt or even a less
er person would set np the drinks to a
man who would show him how to get
around OmahaV *Billr sitppose the presi
dent were coming 'to "Minneapolis? WelJ,
that would bfi~dift'm'aai*.
Eugene W^feV "thef*Kans'as'*^r6 who
used tO'4fiiagine he was commissioner of
pensions, refuses to furnish his portrait
to be hung in the pension office. He
says' if he has to- 4e- hung he would
rather be hung in Kansas.
Ten years ago today, in an interviw,
Silver Dollar Bland of Missouri declared
that silver would be the only issue in
1896. It was. Think where the country
would have been today if we had adopted
the double standard'
Secretary Shaw makes light of the $30,-
000 000 deficiency in the treasury. Mr.
Shaw's cheery disposition may at times
be overdone, but then there are always
apostles of gloom about to hold him
Thomas Smith, waiter in a New York
restaurant, has fallen heir to $35,000, but
has decided to retain his place. Thomas
has learned to labor and to wait and that
is worth a fortune in itself.
Ohio is having a little quiet Judge Taft
boom fits own. Nineteen hundred and
eight is a long way o'ff, but it is a good
practice to keep favorite sons pretty
well in the foreground.
The Japanese admiral may soon receive
from the mikado a message something
lfke this: Dear SirIt Is time for To go.
Not strictly grammatical, but he will un
Some talk of William Randolph Hearst
for mayor of New York on an ownership
platform. It opens up a splendid oppor
tunity to dispose of both McClellan and
The railroads are as mad at Taft as
tho he had gotten to first on four balls,
stolen second and scored on a wild throw
in from the south gaiden.
Kansas City is talking of putting up
a fourteen-story pffice building. The
Times of that city fears that it will
shade the billboards
The Chicago Tribune suggests that the
next lull in the strike will be on Me
morial day. But it will make even on
the Fourth of July.
A' horse named Death ian'in some races
at Kansas City. The taste of the own
ers of the horse is open to question unless
it is. a pale horse.
The celebrated Brooks of Sheffield had
ears, but General Childs inclines to the
opinion that Brooks of New Ulm lacks
An educated inventor has patented a
device to engraft the hourglass on tho
flrkin and produce the bulgeless barrel.
Nan Patterson is said to have refused
an offer to go on the stage at $1,500 a
week. This almost beats plumbing.
The poet laureate1
is at work on a War
poem. The horrors of Part Arthur will
soon fade from the public mind.
"\VhiskVrs are saUI to be coming
THE UNEASY CHAIR
TALES OF MEN WHO JOKE WITH
TERRORS If death is the "king of ter-
rors," fire is at least his chief ol staff.
Few things can so surely carry panic to
the heart as a cry of "Fire
HARVEY J. O'HIGGINS,
jj Author of "The Smoke Laters."
that few people have read, as. it was Is
sued by a small publishing house. Gen
eral Wallace thought this title detracted
from its interest, as people might imagine
it a life of a socialist leader, or a treatise
General Wallace himself had in mind an
American novel. He once said that It
was his intention to write this story after
he had completed his memoirs. His
theme was the striving ofAmericans to
accomplish wonderful things in an in
credibly short time His hero was to be
a lestless American who lived for a few
years in Europe, then in Australia, in
Africa, and in South America, and who,
finally, after years of wandering, returned
to his owh country only to start again
upon his journey, never satisfied, never
happy, the spirit of an Ind'an within him,
and the childlike desire to see new
scenes. In each of these countries his
hero was to accomplish worthy deeds,
and when he returned to his own coun
try it was to be with the intention of
leading the life of a son of the soil, but
he was to find he could not do so. The
story would have been suggestive of "The
Wandering Jew," with the element of re
ligious controveisy eliminated.
again with the hodpskirt. Twin relics,
SIMPLICITY THE OUTCOME OF CUL
TURE."Why should it be necessary to'
cultivate simplicity? asked a member of
the last Minnesota legislature of The Un
easy Chair a few days ago as he picked
up Malcolm McLeod's The Culture of
Simplicity. The Chair has forgotten what
its snap-shot answer was. Now, it would
say something like this.
Simplicity, as the term is used here, is
an attitude of mind toward life. It is
natural, but with most of us is soon lost
in the complexity of artificial desires
created by the modern environment
The mind becomes confused, and a course
of cultivation is needed to get back to the
natural attitude. Hence. Lowell savs the
"highest outcome of culture is simplicity."
Mr. McLeod believes the voice being
raised for simplicity is a spuitual note.
"Simplicity is spirituality, simplicity is
power the spiritual is the solution of
everything," is the way he puts what ho
calls "the gospel for an age of unrest."
Mr. McLeod convincingly pleads for sim
plicity in all of the ways of life. He asks
whether we are losing the art of medita
tion he adds a clause to a "clause of the
Lord's piayer" 'Give^ us this day our
daily bread,' and make us content with
that" he stands for tranquillity of mind,
the tranquillity of relaxation rather than
of repression, of being, not of appearance
he wants to see more of "making life"
than of "making a living
Mr. McLeod is pointing out the path to
the truest happiness ahd highest ends of
an enduring life W recommend both the
book and the gospel to a restless age
Fleming H. Kevell company, New York.
AT THE THEATERS
Metropolitan"Minna von Barnhelm,"
Last evening's offering of the Milwau
ke German Theater company, Lessing's
charming comedy, "Minna von Barn-
helm," was a double revelation First
came the recognition of the fact that the
comedies of the last century in Germany
as elsewhere have lost none of their
power to entertain. The second was that
in the company presenting the comedy,
Milwaukee has a theatrical combination
that deserves to take rank with the best
of similar organizations the country over.
A large audience was present despite the
weather and there was a constant ripple
of laughter thruout the evening*as the
play progiessed So genuine was the ap
preciation of the audience that there was
a curtain recall after each of the five
acts, and in some cases more than onet
The costuming was thati of the last cen
tury and was very bright and pretty.
The honors of the evening, if there
could be said to be honors where the
characters were impersonated with Buch
uniform excellence, fell to Gertrude
Mueller, who portrayed Franzjska, the
maid, and Frederich Gros as Just. Miss
Mueller was as dainty and piquant as a
Dreden doll. Her coquetry and feminine
cajolery were simply delicious and her
Jove-making of the artlessly artful sort
that is full of humor. Mr. Gros gave
a finished portrait of the servant, faith
ful to his master in poverty and distress
as in position and. ppwer. was de
lightfully droll. I'iJM'
Camilla Mar bach'Intne title role was
'a-blt slow~in tfee.openins scenes, but did
May 13, 1905.
the crv is followed by the real presence of
the fiend, paralysis seizes one, unless he
be of stout nerve. Stories of men who
enlist in the army of fire-fighters, there
fore, always command attention, especi
ally if they are good ones, and that is the
kind to be found in Harvey J. O'Higgms*
The Smoke-Eaters, a series of stories of
battles of New York firemen with the fire
fiend. They are stories that take your
breath and make you laugh in the same or
A AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.CAAAAAAA4 A
Facing death near the top of a seven
story building, a group of firemen are
about to try to make their escape to an
adioming building by way of a three-inch
ledge, and some of them are law recruits
at the business. Nerves are strung to
the highest pitch when the man in com
mand orders boots off. "I got holes in my
stockings," says a vetran coyly The
tension is relieved, and men who have
saved others go about saving their aw
comrades and themselves with steadier
heads and hands. Mr O'Higgms knows
his material, and, what is quite as im
portant, how to tell a good story.
The Century company, New York.
EW WALLACE'S CHOICE FOR "THE
GREAT AMERICAN NOVEL." The
great American novel, according to the
late Lew Wallace, was "Mmvale Bart-
man," by Tourgeea book of fifteen years
ago, savs Success Magazine. It has a &ub- -n, TJ4. _i.ix.ii i -,,i
title, "Chiistian Socialist," and is a story
With the Long Bow.
""Eyenature'* walks, shoot tatty as MtBe*.'
If the baby sometimes seems to occupy all time and fill all space, re-
member that the hen has thirteen.
And this occurred in the automobile with the wind back of it.
Mrs. H.-Is that your cigar we detect, William, or is it the gasolene?
A Indiana clergyman, the Kev. Brooks, wants the church to "move
out the cook stove, the dining hal l, the fai r, the festival and the theatricals
from its sacred walls, and let holiness come in, with its beauty and glory."
also denounces as spurious, "preacherettes, sermonettes, signcard-
ettes, and revivalettes, that produce only convertettes." I people are not
aroused by a great idea they can hardly be held by a chicken sandwich.
I has been Joseph Chamberlain's boast that he has never taken any
exercise. Mr. Chamberlain is now 70 years of age and he is getting a bit
wobbly on his pins, but his life is a valuable example to the world, showing
vha can be done by a man who has never per&pired.
The last week or two has been a revelation to many of the fact that the
organist (male) plays the big windjammer with his extremities as well as
with his hands. The Auditorium organ gives the public a chance to see the
organist (male) kick goal. S many people have watched what might be
called the "lower limb work" of the organ trouncer that they have lost the
beauty of the music in the wonderful dexterity of the organist's southern
extremities. Personally we are convinced that the organist ought to play
behind a screen. It's the music you want to hear, isn't it? Of course, if it
is a contortionist you desire, why, there's vaudeville going on somewhere
about all the time. I can be set down as a truth, however, that the princi-
ple of harmony taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man.
The amusement of ancestry chasing is being carried on more than ever
in the east, especially among those people who have achieved a genteel com-
petence of a few millions. the way, did you ever know a family that
wasn't descended from some mighty linekings, jacks, ninespots and the
like? There are family trees enough in the United States, now standing
useless, which, if sawed into lumber, would house the entire population of
the nation and leave a few boards over for stable s.
Golf is the best all-around game for middle a ge that has been invented.
For a man with a bay window who wants a smallish bit of exercise combined
with natural scenery, bird song and pure air, golf offers something easy and
gentle without the rigors of baseball and without that fierre strenuousness
that lawn tennis soon attains when you try to play it for all there is in it.
These are the observations of a young business man who has been try-
ing to work off an incipient bay window
by ehasing a pill across the greensward. Yet, if you take his word for it,
golf is not so easy of attainment as it reads. The story of his first round on
the links gave the material for this slight sketch.
The first step in golf \b to build up a little earthen tee and plaee the pill
on the top. The caddie then goes off on the horiz on and stands around while
the player swings the driver, which is a baseball bat with a horseshoe on it,
and attempts to smite the pill and to lift it towards the zenith. A the first
smite, the chances are against touching it. This is not where you say "hoot
mon," but after you have swung the driver once or twice and fanned the
pal e, cold atmosphere you sometimes mention that locality or state of mind
in which Rev. Dr. Shutter has no confidence as a permanent abode. Thi3
remark is not compulsry and is better omitted. Sometimes you hit the pill
on the top a nfd it rolls about twenty feet. This is not a desirable result
and strike the pill fairly in the face at the proper angle, it sails up into the
air gloriously and you are started properly along the golfy way.
Golf is an interesting state of mind and it offers rather more variety
than lawn mowing, but lawn mowing has this advantage, that you get som e-
thing done. I golf it is not right to reach your driver so far that you'slap
the other players in the eye with it. With these simple instructions in mind,
almost anyone with practice can become a go od golfer. A. R.
creditable work later, especially in her
scenes with Telheim, where she tries to
exert her woman's wiles to overcome his
scruples to accenting her love, while he
is in temporary disgrace. The Telheim
of Sigismund Elfeld was a trifle stilted
at times, perhaps as befitted his condi
tion, but was adequate.
The combination, unusual to an Ameri
can audience, of a brogue formed by
grafting the German tongue as an ac
quired language on the French mother
tongue, was admirably handled by Emil
Marx. Paul W*4-ner. formerly sergeant
major under Telheim. was well done by
Curt Stark. Julius Schmidt as the inn
keeper was a littje too rapid in his
enunciation at times for the large num
ber of German-American students in the
audience. The other parts were well
and to loosen up a rheumatic leg
ut a thousand pounds' pressure into the swing
THE SONG BIRDS' PETITION
To the Editor of The Journal
I enclose herewith a copj of the "Bird Petition." which was prepared by the late
Senator Hoar and presented to the Masachusetts legislature a number of years ago. Will
you not have the kindness to print it in full.'
I have s-ent this petition to some of the schools in the city, where it has ben.read in
all of the rooms of that hobool This Is the season of the year when the song birds are
leturning to the state, and I thought possibU the publication of this beautiful appeal might
act as a restraint upon those boys who are accustomed to hunt and kin song birds.
Minneapolis, Minn MH 11 1!M)J. John Day Smith.
This petition, which was Instrumental In getting the Massachusetts law
prohibiting* the wearing of song and insectivorous^birds on women's hats, Is
said to have been written by Senator Hoar. The petition reads as follows:
TO THE GREAT GENERAL COURT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSA-
We, the song birds of Massachusetts and their playfellows, make this, our
humble petition. We know more about you than you think we do We know
how good you are. We have hopped about the roofs and looked in at the win-
dows of the houses you have built for poor and sick and hungry people, and lit-
tle lame and deaf and blind children. We have built our nests in the trees anti
sung many a song as we flew about the gardens and parks you have made so
beautiful for your children, especially your poor children, to play In. Every year
we fly a great way over the country, keeping all the time where the sun Is
bright and warm. And we know that whenever you do anything the other peo-
ple all over this great land, between the seas and the Great Lakes, find it outi
and pretty soon will try to do the same. We know. We know.
W are Americans, just the same as you are. Some of us, like some of you,
came across the great sea. But most of the birds like us have Jived here for a
long while and the birds like us welcomed your fathers when they came here
many, many years ago. Our fathers and mothers have always done their best
to please your fathers and mothers.
Now we have a sad story to tell you. Thoughtless or bad people are trying
to destroy us. They kill us because our feathers are beautiful. Even pretty and
sweet girls, who we should think would be our best friends, kill our brothers and
children so they may wear our plumage on their hats. Sometimes people kill us
for mere wantonness. Cruel boys destroy our nests and steal our eggs and our
young ones. People with snares and guns lie In wait to kill us as if the place
for the bird were not, alive, in the sky, but in a shop window or in a glass
case. If this goes on much longer all our song birds will be gone. Already, we
are fold, in some other countries that used to be full of birds, they are now
almost gone. Even the nightingales are being killed in Italy.
Now we humbly pray that you will stop all this and save us from this sad
fate. You have already made a law that no one shall kill harmless song birds
or destroy our nests or eggs. Will you please make another one that no one
shall wear our feathers, so that no one shall kill us to get them? We want them I
ourselves. Your pretty girls are pretty enough without them. W are told
that it Is as easy for you to do it as for a blackbird to whistle.
If you will, we know how to pay you a hundred times over. We will teach
your children to keep themselves neat and clean. W will show them how
to live together In peace and love to agree as we do in our nests. We will
build pretty houses which you will like to see. We will play about your gar-
dens and flower bedsourselves like flowers on wings, without any cost to you.
W will destroy the wicked insects and worms that spoil your cherries, currants,
plums and apples and roses. We will give you the best songs, and make the
spring more beautiful and the summer sweeter to you. Every June mornlngi
when you go out into the field, oriole and bluebird and blackbird and bobolink
will fly after you and make the day mpre delightful to you. And when you go
home tired after sundown, vesper sparrow will tell you how grateful we are.
When you sit down on ypur porch after dark, fifeblrd and hermit thrush and
wood thrush will sing to you and even the poor whip-poor-will will cheer you
up a little. We know where we are safe. In a little while all the birds will come
to live in Massachusetts again, and everybody that likes music will like to make
a summer home with you.
Linnett, Robin Red Breast, Cedar Bird,
Pe Wee, Water Wag-tall, Cow Bird,
Phoebe, Summer Red Bird, Veery,
Yoke Bird, Scarlet Tanager, Martin,
Lark, Blue Heron, Indigo Bird,
Sandpiper, Humming Bird, Wilson's Thrush,
Chewlnk, Yellow Bird, Oriole,
Brown Thrasher, Whip-poor-will, Vlere,
Robert O'Llncoln, Yellow Throat, Black Bird,
Hermit Thrush, King Bird, Fife Bird,
Vesper Sparrow, Swallow, Wren,
Song Sparrow, Chickadee. Wren,
STERNGTHENING THE EMPIRE
Ha' Militarism again! The new bayonet
for the army is to be six inches longef
than the old one.
SYSTEM OION'T WORK
Colonel Watterson has been to MonU.
Carlo and the things he is saying about
gambling seem to indicate that his sys
tem didn't work.
-New York Sun.
A wit says that some lead the simple
life, some th? strenuous life and
^ihe equitable Ui.
a*, --a J*~