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Dead Leaf Power,
Sftg JOURNAL JUNIOR.
Mae Harris Anson Editor
The Journal Junior ii published by The Minneapolis Journal for
the jrablio school children of the Northwest, in and above the fifth
grade, and is devoted principally to their own writings. There is
BO expense attached and all are welcome as competitors. The
editor wishes to encourage correspondence and suggestions from
teachers. All corresrpondence should be addressed to the Editor
GEOEGE WASHINGTON AND CHINA.
little while we hear somebody announce that
China is awakening,'' and thinking people promptly
begin to wonder what will happen to the world when the
"Yellow peril" really opens its eyes to wide-awakeness.
Just at present, China has discovered George Washing
ton^ and students of geography are learning these facta
about the Eevolutionary war and Americans in general:
"There was at that time a Washington, an Ameri
can, born in Delaware in the ninth year of Yung-Ching.
When small he had great views, both in regard
to civil and military affairs, and excelled in strength and
courage. At the time when all the people rebelled against
the English, they pressed Washington to become their
general. He then immediately entered on his office.
Without arms, ammunition or provisions, Washington
stimulated his countrymen to action by a righteous spirit.
He pitched his camp near the provincial city. At the same
time the English general had collected his ships of war
just outside of the city. Suddenly a great wind arose
and scattered them. Washington attacked and took
possession of the city. Afterward the English general col
lected his forces and drove Washington from his posi
"'At this his soldiers were greatly terrified and wished
to be disbanded, but he, with the same spirit as at first,
having collected and united his army, again attacked the
English with success.
"The Americans are all descendants of Europeans,
mostly from England, Holland and Prance. Of these
three kingdoms those from England are far the most nu
merous, and, therefore, their language and customs are
the same as those of the English. The immigrants re
ceived their lands for cultivation from the aborigines,
where they were willing, and where they were unwilling
they removed to other places.
"Their merchants and mechanics are all white men.
They are mild and kind in disposition, but considerate
and skillful in trade. They are fond of making their re
ligion a matter of conversation and of instruction. Their
schools are everywhere. Their learned men are divided
into three classesministers, physicians and lawyers."
The "information" might be worse, and at least it
shows that the Chinese are trying to teach something
about the outside world, which has for so long been a
sealed book, even to their learned men.
SEEING AND BEADING.
I can't write a story of Swedish life until I
have been to Sweden and gotten its 'color',"
said a young writer not long ago. The spirit of that re
mark is all right, because it shows a desire to be true to
life,, but General Wallace wrote "Ben Hur" long before
he had ever seen the Holy Land. He studied it thru
maps he read all about its birds and animals and flow
ers he absorbed all the books he could get about the
Holy Land,travel, scientific investigation, geography,
history, etc. He worked with his maps before him. Best
of all, he had a relief map of Palestine upon his study
wall, and so was able to see his people thru the mountain,
passes and up and down the hills, measuring their daily
travel by the scale of miles. And "Ben Hur" is one of
4he finest pictures in the world of letters of the life of
yesterday fitted into the Palestine of today. It is merely
another illustration of the old saying, "And when the
mountain came not to Mahomet, Mahomet went to the
Wars have made very great and very quick
Changes changes in the geography of the world, but it
in is well known that Dame Nature herself is
Geography, doing the same thing, slowly but surely, all
the time. There are parts of the world that
(rink gradually every year, and there are other parts that
rise, to say nothing of the volcanic upheavals that make
islands or destroy them within an hour. Only recently
workmen digging for the subway in Brooklyn came upon
the petrified hulk of. what was once a magnificent boat,
now far inland from the bay whose waters it once proudly
rode. Probably it was a wreck upon the Brooklyn short
left to sink into the mud, but whose it was, or when it
went out of commission no one knows, for warehouses
have stood above it for more than fifty years.
When you have scuffed thru the leaves in
the autumn woods, have you ever wondered
if they could not be put to some active use
in these wonderful days of making practical
use of the most unheard-of things? The
French are proverbial for making use of the smallest
scraps of things, and the latest discovery by an experi
menter is that by the use of dead leaves as fuel, a small
one-horse motor can be driven for an hour at a cost the
average American would not take time to figure out be
cause it is a small fraction of a cent. The time seems to
be coming when things that have heretofore been consid
ered as waste will alLhave some special use.
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR* MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1905.
AN AERIAL RUN A WA
By W. P. and C. P. Chipman.
Copyright, IBOi, Lothrop Publishing Company*
Down the River.
As the two lads saw the plight of their friend, they
came to an abrupt halt. But it was only for a moment.
Separating slightly, and fitting arrows to their bows
as they went forward, Bod and Todd approached to with
in twenty feet of the watching beast. Their boldness
apparently surprised him for a minute or two, and then
he prepared to spring. At that instant, however, Kod
sent his arrow full into the face of the animal. So near
was- he, the light shaft sped true to its mark, striking
one- of the jaguar's eyes just as he leaped. Blinded by
the wound, the huge creature fell short of his intended
victim, and rolled upon the ground, pawing frantically
in his endeavor to draw the offending weapon from his
But Bod had another arrow already strung, and as
the jaguar straightened up, fired again. It was a most
fortunate shot for the stout shaft, striking the animal
just behind his foreleg, penetrated to the heart, and with
a last snarl he dropped at Todd's feetdead.
For a moment the boys could not realize their good
fortune. Then with a glad shout they turned their at
tention to their fallen comrade. To" their relief they
found he was only stunned and bruised, and making a
hasty trip to the river, Eod returned with some water in
his cap, which he dashed into the unconscious lad's face.
As soon as Admaxla was sufficiently recovered, the
three boys set out on their return to camp, dragging the
dead animal behind them. It was quite a load, and de
layed them considerably but they persisted, and some
hours later greatly surprised Mr. Todd and the professor,
who were already quite alarmed at the prolonged ab
sence of the lads, by drawing the ugly beast up to the hut.
The two men listened with bated breath to the thril
fling story the boys had to tell, but at its close the aero
"This teaches us a lesson we should have learned
sooner: that it is not safe for you to wander far from
the camp with only the primitive weapons you possess,
even if we have less to eat."
To this the manufacturer added an emphatic approv
al, and then the incident was closed. The lads, however,
were more careful during the remainder of their stay at
the clearing. The work on the raft now progressed rap
idly, and one week after Admaxla's escapade the raft was
The next morning their fewpossessions were trans
ferred from the hut on shore to the'craft, and with a last
look about the clearing which had so long been their homo
in the wilds, the ropes were cast off, and the long voyage
thru unknown regions was begun.
The day passed without event, and when the sun set
camp'was constructed on the shore, the float being simply
made fast to the bank at both ends and a watch set.
The next morning the voyage was resumed, and for
an hour the monotony of the surrounding forest and placid
waters was unbroken. Then Bod, who was in charge of
the steering oar, called out to his comrades, who were
seated forward and busily talking
"Ahoy, there 1 Have you noticed how much faster
we have been going for the last ten minutes"? What does
The professor looked up and down the stream for a
moment, and then said:
I see no great increase of speed, Bod. I think you
are mistaken," and he went on with his conversation.
Bod was not convinced, however, but said no more
until a low, dull, roaring sound ahead reached his alert
ears\ Then he called once more to the aeronaut
"What is that noise, Mr. Barton? I have heard it
for several minutes."
The professor arose and listened intently for an in
stant. Then he said, with some alarm:
"It is a fall or rapids of some kind. We must turn
in to the shore at once.''
But his decision came too late. Altho every effort
was made to head the raft for the bank, it was so un
wieldy and the current so strong, they were not halfway
there before the rapids were in sight.
For several minutes it seemed as tho they might be
able to run the rapids in safety. But just as the little
party were beginning to congratulate themselves on a safe
passage they reached*a point where the stream made a
sharp fall of some eight or ten feet.
For an instant the float hung on the brink, then, sud
denly whirling half around, it plunged down the watery
wall, turning completely over in its descent, and falling,
with a loud splash, bottom side up on the smoother waters
Two things in that sudden disaster were for the ad
vantage of the voyagers: they were thrown clear of the
overturned raft and that abrupt fall marked the end of
the rapids. Finding themselves in calm waters, therefore,
when they arose to the surface, they struck out for the
float, and after considerable exertion succeeded in pushing
it to the shore. Here they took account of their losses.
One small package of provisions, which Bod had
picked up while swimming to
the raft the sword of Mr.
Barton, which he happened to
have in his belt two arrows
and a bow belonging to Ad
maxla, and which were slung
to the native's back togeth
er with the precious gems,
which were divided into five
small parcels and concealed
on the persons of the travel
ersthese were their sole pos
sessions. Everything else,
food, blankets, weapons, uten
sils, had disappeared in the
depths of the river.
The-castaways were now in
a sore plight indeeddrenched
to the skin, without fire, with
almost no food, and with no
coverings except the clothes
they wore. Yet there was no
%Mtts&s>3 ^IL^^U^!^^^^^^^ *m^^-*jy^Jk,-.
-complaining and all set to work at once to remedy their
situation as much as possible.
At an early hour the following morning, however, a
fresh start was made, the voyagers keeping a sharp look
out that the mishap of the previous day might not be re
peated. But no new dangers were met with, and about
noon the stream they were on merged its waters with
those of a much larger river, which was flowing to the
"Good!" exclaimed Professor Barton, as the float
glided out into the larger stream "we are now, no doubt,
upon a direct branch of the Orinoco, and cannot be many
days' journey from some settlement of white men. Let
us press on as fast as possible, therefore, with our voyage.
It may be that we, by putting ourselves on short rations,
have enough to last until we reach the nearest town or
village. If not, we can stop to hunt when our supply is
exhausted. I, for one, believe the thing for us now to do
is to push forward with the least possible delay."
To this his companions assented, and for the remain
der of that day and all of the next, the voyage continued
without interruption. But as they partook of their sup
per on the evening of the second ady, the professor re
"We have now eaten the last mouthful of our pro
visions, and tomorrow we must devote to securing a new
"There ought to be game enough about here," Todd
put in, glancing up at the great forest which hemmed
them in on all sides "but with only a sword and bow ami
two arrows we run a small chance of getting any of it."
"We will try our best," Kod said "then if we fail,
we must go hungry. I see no other way out of it."
Admaxla took up the only sword they possessed, and
fastened it to a stout stick with a piece of rope that he
had cut off from the painter of the raft. "It isn't a
handsome spear," he continued, when the task was fin
ished, but it is an ugly one, and even a jaguar had better
not get in front of it. Take the bow and arrows, Bod, and
Thus equipped, the two lads plunged into the forest
to the north of their stopping place.
Hour after hour passed, and still they were absent.
At length the manufacturer and his two companions be
came alarmed, ana were making ready to start out in
search of the missing boys, when Admaxla came stagger
ing down the bank, bis face drawn and white, and his eyes
filled with grief.
He was too exhausted to speak for some moments, but
after food and water had been given him, was able to tell
his story, a little at a time.
Bod and he had gone some distance down the stream
without seeing game of any kind, and were almost ready
to turn back, when suddenly some large animal started up
from a thicket just ahead of them, and made off thru the
Eod, who was some distance in advance, hastened
after the fleeing creature, calling out:
"Come on, Admaxla! Here's food enough for a week,
if we can only catch this fellow."
The native lad broke into a run, hoping to overtake
his comrade, when he struck his foot against a root and
fell headlong to the ground. Bising as quickly as possible,
he found Eod was already out of sight, but thinking little
of that, he hurried on in the direction the boy had taken,
expecting every minute to come in sight of him. He had
disappeared as completely and suddenly as tho the eartn
had opened and swallowed him up.
For hours the native lad kept up his search, halting
at last from sheer weariness. Then he reasoned that Eod
was probably all right, and would doubtless make his way
back to the raft.
As the young Antalcan finished his story, a silence
fell upon the little group. It was at length broken by Mr.
Todd, who said, with a sob in his voice:
"We must try to find the lad at once, Mr. Barton."
Indeed we must!'' the aeronaut responded heartily
"but we must prepare for the search first. Night will
soon be here, and we must have torches. These were
hastily provided from some resinous trees on the river
bank and then the rescuing party set forth. It consisted
of the professor, Mr. Todd, and his nephew. Admaxla had
begged earnestly to accompany them, but Mr. Barton said
"No, my lad. You are already tired out and it is
needful that one of us should remain here in case Eod
should come while the others are gone. Be brave and
keep up a good heart."
All night the search was continued, but without suc
cess. At dawn the searchers returned to the raft, only to
find Admaxla alone. A needed rest was taken, and for the
second time the rescuing party went forth. The region
was seoured for five miles around, but no signs of the
missing lad appeared. It now seemed useless to continue
the search but at Mr. Todd's earnest request the voyage
was delayed for another day, and one or two short trips
were made into the forest. Like all the others, however,
they were fruitless.
On the third day after the unfortunate disappearance
of Bod, therefore, the little band, with sorrowful hearts,
resumed, their journey. This was absolutely necessary if
they were to reach the coast alive, for their supply of food
had given out and the lack of suitable weapons (for their
tow and arrows were in the possession of the lost boy)
prevented them from securing any the game with which
the forest abounded. In truth, the voyagers now had but
little hope of escaping from the wildejrness. Weakened
as they were, and without provisions, a settlement must be
dose at hand, or they should-perish.
DEFENSE WAS USELESS.
Captain of the Midges"Now, fellows, here comes a cyclist. Fall in! Make
ready! Fix bayonets!. Charge! (Position carried enemy overcome.)Chums.