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PUBLICATION OFFICEMinneapolis. Minn.
Journal building, 47-49 Fourth street 8.
WASHINGTON OFFICEW. W. Jermane, Chief
of Washington Bureau. 901-002 Colorado build
ing. Northwestern visitors to Washington in
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Central location. Fourteenth and streets NW.
Copies of The Journal and northwestern news
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NEW YOBK OFFICETribune building.
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CHICAGO OFFICETribune building,
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A New Timber Policy.
The new state timber board has
started right. I has decided to com
promise no trespass cases, but to de
mand double the value of the timber
where the trespa ss was accidental, and
three times the value where it was
I has taken years of pounding to
sedure the adoption of this policv,
which is, after all, but straightforward
enforcement of the law. The fallacv
that trespass could not be collected ex
cept by compromise was repeated so
often by officers of the state that many
people believed it. The work of the
public examiner showed that these com
promises were not only illegal, but that
the state was allowing trespassers to
settle in many cases for less than the
actual selling value of the logs they
The prese nt state auditor made a
decided improvement in policy, but he
also as found to have failed to en
force the law strictly. A a result,
while the dispute was raging over the
acts of the former audito r, the legis
lature passed a new trespa ss law. I
reaffirmed the old rule as to settle
ments, but took the matter out of the
hands of the state auditor. The tim
ber board was made the sole body to
settle trespass cases. I addition to
the governor, auditor and treasurer, the
attorney general was made a member
of the board, which is to handle all
trespa ss cases.
The board has just the same discre
tion that the auditor former ly pos
sessed. I mav not settle for less than
double the value of the timber taken.
I mav collect three times the value of
timber wilfully taken, but is allowed
to settle such cases for double the
value if advisable. The board has
agreed that not even this latitude will
be allowed. I order to accomplish the
purpose of the law, which is to stop
trespassing and save state timber for
legal sale, all persons found to
have cut on state lands wilfully will
be held for treb le the value of the
logs, besides liabili ty to fine or im
The new board has set a mark and
placed the trespass industry on the
right basis at last. I the authorities
do not relax in their determination,
trespass will indeed become unpopular.
The former public examiner could not
have received a better indorsement of
the truth of his reports on the former
administration of the auditor's office
if he had Written it himself.
Three members of the Arkansas legis
lature who are trying to palm themselves
off for grafters are on trial for taking
bribes of $25' apiece Stuff these small
fry into the juvenile court or send them
home to ma.
Civic and Religious Revival.
Dr. Wilbur Chapman, well known
thruout the country as an evangelist,
discussed the evangelistic work of the
Christi an church at the meeting of the
Presbvterian general assemb ly yester
day. The significant point in his ad
dress was his confident prediction that
what he calls a "great tid al wave of
religious fervor" is about to sweep over
Tho remarkable religious revival in
Wales has attracted attention thruout
the Christian world and has doubtless
had a stimulating influence upon re
ligious zeal wherever the story of the
Wales movement has been told. A all
events, there is a prevalent feeling
which has found expression in many
forms and in many places of late that
a great awakening of interest in re
ligious truth and a great revival of
zeal in religious living are imminent.
Perhaps the best justification for this
view is to be fou nd in the greater de
gree of open-mindedness exhibit ed gen
erally by the people of this day toward
religious truth. There is unquestion
ably a more gener al disposition to look
upon the service of God as, after all,
the most reasonable and commonsen
ible line of human conduct. The mists
of superstition on the one hand and the
clouds of agnosticism on the other are
giving place to clearer, saner views of
the relations of the creature to Creator,
and it is not to be wondered at that
a better recognition of his responsibil
ities in this life and of his interests in
the next should have brought man in
general into a more receptive state of
mind toward all religious truth. Per
haps it is not altogether fanciful to
discover in the keener sensibility of men
in general to the sacredness of public
*-ui, to fcha obligation a of citizenahin
and to higher ideals of public life some
relation to the-belief that a religious
awakening is to be expected. There is
abroad a civic revival which may not
be altogether without relation to the
anticipated religious revival.
Since 1882 congress has appropriated
$488,000,000 for rivers and harbors a nd the
automobilists want to know whether In
the next quarter century Uncle Sam pro
poses to do as much for good roads. They
argue that every man lives by a road and
only a few near or have access to water
ways. Therefore the government ought
to do as much for road as for river nav
Wall Street Gets Some Thrills.
When the preside nt authorized the
statement this week that he favors the
purchase of material for the construc
tion of the Panama canal in the open
markets of the world, he threw a stone
that not only disturbed the placid sur
face of the political pool, but made a
splash that was heard in Wall street.
Many holders of stocks turned sellers
and prices declined materially. The
statement brought to the minds of
financiers the tariff, with all the possi
bilities attendant upon a proposition
for reform or modification, and sug
gested as well the probability of a
split over the matter in the ranks of
the dominant political party. The time
being ripe for something of temporary
price recession anyway, it was not dif
ficult for manipulators for a fall to
make the Washington gossip the means
of scaring the market. Were the tar
iff rumble the only thing political of
a nature disturbing to the stre et it
might not have be en taken so seriously,
but already there was the railroad rate
investigation under way.
Wall stre et is quick to scent fire and
quick to act. The feeling has grown
that the decided stand of the preside nt
means business, and the assurance for
merly offered by financiers, presumably
in touch with sentiment in Washington,
to the effect that there would be no
"tariff tinkering" and that the stre et
might rest easy on this point, appears
not to have ad anything from an au
thoritative source for its basis. The
tariff may or may not be an issue, but
the fact that the chief executive is now
understood to favor some moderate
form of revision does not insure Wall
street that freedom from disturbing
influences that operators for a rise so
The prospect of a naval battle any
day adds to the feeling of uncertainty,
and as a last, but by no means least
important influence, there are crop re
por ts from the southwest running less
favorable. Indeed, there was the sus
picion during the week that some of
the heavy selling of stocks, on the day
of the greatest decline, came from in
terests of importance on private ad
vices from the southwest of backward
ness in winter wheat.
There is little doubt that the decline
went far enough to discount the un
favorable things. Railroad rate agita
tion a nd the tariff ghost are good for a
scare, but actual effect of anything re
sulting from them is very remot e. The
crop situation is a live proposition,
a nd the most important factor for im
mediate effect, but allowance must be
made for the tendency towards exag
geration always found at this season.
The winter wheat crop might even be
cut to a considerable extent and yet
give very satisfactory returns, so hip-h
was the condition at the beginning of
this month, and so large the acreage
compared with last yea r.
Violent fluctuations in prices of se
curities are not unlikely for a time, for
the speculative situation is one of mu ch
uncertainty, but in the general sense
the trend of values should not be lower.
The ease of the money market, gener al
activity at the industrial centers, the
heavy movement of freight on the rail
roads, and the recent increase in Amer
ican export trade, are some of the im
portant influences for price mainten
Lord Kitchener, the present British
commander-in-chief in India, has been
fighting the system of army red tape in
that country. Finding the fight well nigh
useless, he has tendered his resignation,
declaring that he cannot accomplish any
thing under present conditions and will
not accept responsibility for what he
cannot control Lord Kitchener's resigna
tion is a strong card. The Balfour gov
ernment, none too strong now, is likely to
hear from the people if it turns down a
Cannon's Haste Explained.
The press reports stated yesterday
morning that Mr. Cannon, speaker of
the house, was on board a fast train
bound for Washington. There was no
explanation of his haste. The dis
patches today explain. was going
down to see about that new rule of the
Panama can al commission to buy in the
open market. Mr. Cahnon is a "stand
patter." Whether the preside nt and
the commission ever expect ed to buy
any considerable amount of supplies in
the open market or not, their declared
willingness to do so has had probably
as much effect as if they had stocked up
permanently wherever they could buy
Speaker Cannon is only one of many
influential men who have hurried to the
president thru personal interview or
by mail or telegraphic communicati on
to persuade him that he has made a
political and commercial mistake. The
preside nt is reported to have listened
with some patience and also some
amusement to the appea ls made to him,
and to have taken a great deal of satis
faction in the results of. his declared
policy, for unquestionably whether the
can al commission buys a dollar's worth
of stuff from the competitors of Amer i
can manufacturers he has "thrown a
scare" in to the "standpatter" camp
which has done irreparable damage to
that well-fortified stronghold.
Just how the preside nt feels about it
may be inferred from an expression
which he is said to have used the other
day in speaking to a friend about this
matter-th at he would compel the trusts
to "take their feet out of the"trongh.'
The addition of that phrase, if it really
came from the president of the United
States, to the ammunition of the re
visionists, is an important accession. I
will be a long time before it ceases to
be heard. When "the strenuo us life"
is no longer effective to stimulate and
inspire, this description of the attitude
of the trusts will be doing business in
the discussions of the tariff question
and doing it effectively.
like this the rooster never
A tremendous hypocrisy," says
George Bernard Shaw, "is the conven
tional vi ew of children." A child, he
complains, is not a little darling, but
a savage, cruel, noisy, dirty, inquisi
tive and intolerable." George Ber
nard is righ t. Children are little sav
ages, and all the unutterable asininity
of our teaching systems grows out of
the denial of this fact. Children are
savages, and have several well-defined
savage traitsnamely, a ru de but sure
sense of justice, vague notions of pri
vate property, an intensely poetic tem
perament, and a grand passion for find
ing out things for themselves.
Civilization grabs these wild crea
tur es and tries to push* them in to
grooves cut for miniature men and
women. I tries to teach them the
same things by the same rules, only
in a lesser amount, that it teaches pro
fessors of ethics. thiS
expects to produce more professors of
ethics. Strangely enough, this process
of abu se does eventuate in some more
professors of ethics, and it is a pity
it does, for, if it produced only its
natural fruitnamely, assassins and
man haters, we might beg in to ques
tion the theory. W might even be
induced to give up the theory and let
nature take its course.
The tendency to look upon children
as reduced men results in too much
medicine, too much meddling, too much
coddling on the one hand and too little
appreciation, too little sympathy, too
little patience, on the other. There is
scarcely a child who does not have
ideas of right and wrong which are
expressed first in the interrogative
form. If adults could refrain from
"butting in," these interrogations
would hatch into an affirmation of
right and a corresponding denial of
wrong which would serve the child as
a sure basis of conduct thru its exist
But our system of education is so
effervescent with impatience that we
pounce upon the child with our hand
me-down plans for his thinking 'and
10b im of any chance to think for
himself. Our public-school classes are
caucuses where the quickest child spills
the ointment a nd the slow ones, who
aie the best, get a whiff of the odor of
knowled ge but never a smash at the
box. The public schools are producing
veiy poor results except in the so-called
fad studies. The advantage these
studies have over the others is that
in them the child has a chance to get
hold of something tangible and" Work
it out for himself.
Mr. George Bernard Shaw is, per
haps, not overly friendly to children.
does not do them justice, but he
does not do them the cruel injustice
of viewing them as small men and
women to be treated as a class.
understands they are children and in
dividuals, and this is something most
of our alleged educators have never
The Russian courtmartial absolved
General Stoessel from all responsibility
for the fall of Port Arthur. It came out
quite clearly in the evidence that the
Japanese were entirely at fault.
Lear Lives Again.
Two pictures. Mrs. Mary Schwartz
of Brooklyn was welcomed at the
steamer by such a crowd of admiring
relatives that she could not get off the
gangplank. They crowded about and
fought for the first kiss of welcome,
while the privilege of taking her home
for entertainment was bid up high.
From Fergus Falls, Minn., comes the
story of two sons who brought their
aged father into the town and filed an
information of insanity against him.
The judge could find no evidence of it,
but the dutiful sons delivered the fa
ther at the county jail and the hearing
was continued. Mrs. Mary Schwartz
of Brookl yn is rich, while the old farm
er of Otter Tail county is poor in pocket
and body. If Mrs. Marv Schwartz is
wiso she will keep her money, like a
piece of meat dangling just out of
"Did joa notice," asked the factotum,
"that telegram from Toronto?"
"Yes, yes indeed," replied Mr. Rocke
feller. "I sent them a check for a thou
sand. These Canadians are our neigh
bors, and we can afford"
"You didn't notice. Mr. Rockefeller,
that that telegram was from Toronto,
Mr. Rockefeller very nearjy turned pale
and went out in the yard and kicked the
price of oil up two points.
Rumor credits several distinguished
sixth district gentlemen of hitherto re
spectable reputation with casting sheep's
eyes at the congressional shoes now worn
by Mr. Buckman of Little Falls. The
time to get into congress from this dis
trict with ease has passed into the past,
and it is easier to talk of displacing
"Buck" than to do it.Elk River Star
Is there any danger of tarnishing rep
utations "hitherto respectable" by enter
ing into such a contest?
The public will hardly support the ex
press companies in their attitude' to
ward their former employes in Chicago.
The strikers appear to have thrown up
everything they 'contended for and to
have made a complete surrender if the
express companies will not persist in
refusing to take back any of their old
driver s, many of whom, no doubt, went
on strike unwillingly but because they
did not dare to do otherwise.
President Schurm an adjourned Cornell
college for a day to allow a bullfight to
be pulled off on the campus. The bull
was maimed and then killed and the ath
letic association cleared $2,000. The only
untoward incident as the fainting of
several young womBBk" *6&icfents. Their
names, however, will be promptly ex
punged from the college rolls.
Trips to the arctic regions are now rec
ommended for consumptives. The claim
is made that In the out-of-door treat
ment farther south the patient loses in
the damp of the night all,he has gained
in the day. In the arctic regions there Is
a steady, cold, dry climate that is very
favorable to the destruction,, ojt the germs
The Central Christian church of Peoria,
111., has called a pastor who confesses to
the following list of qualifications: is
yOung, married, evangelistic, is a mixer,
a crank, a worker. In Peoria these quali
ties ought to be worth six hundred a year
in cash besides grocery showers.
A somewhat famous lady in New York
wore or is credited with wearing $840,000
worth of jewels at a recent society wed
ding. Whether this
1 is en estimate by
some society reporter or whether the tag
was left on the goods does not appear.
The mayoralty Is adding swiftly to Da
vid Percy Jones' store of
orI dly knowl-
edge. He has already learned that there
is no such thing as a square gambler or
a slow automobilist.
Denver has become "tainted" with the
virus of municipal ownership a nd is hol
lering for cheaper street lighting. Den
ver should look at Philadelphia and be
glad it is no worse.
A new invention is a bulgeless barrel.
This barrel, like the other, if tapped at
the psychological moment, will still get
a bulge on a poor legislature.
Speaking of wealth and position, do
you suppose that_ a, microbe on a 20
bill gets anything^ more out of life than
a germ on a $1 bill?
Soon there wilt be only a tiny grease
spot where ronce stood the mighty Shea,
Coxey, Kearney, D^ebs, stood on the same
spot before him.
John D. Rockefeller passed out a $1,000
Check to the evangelistic tent campaign
committee in New York. It was snapped
New buildings are going tip so rapidly
that the contractors have barely time to
stop a nd draw their money.
The acidity of this spring's strawberry
seems to indicate that the sugar trust
has gone into small fruits.
WHAT OTHER CITIES ARE DOING
Practical Politics reviews at some
length Boston's experience with a munic
ipal printing plant in such a way as to
put it in an Unfavorable light. Up to
1897 Boston had -had its printing done in
the union shop by union printers, but in
that year Mayor Quincy bought a plant
and started the city in the printing busi
ness. In seven years the cost of print
ing doubled and while exnerts still claim
the plant made money for the city the
profit, if there was any must have gone
into fancy printing, because it is not in
the plant nor in the treasury. The plant
has been the hospital for' decayed printers
who could' not work for a private com
pany, but who tifUOTt-efettumt of political
pull left. Printers frankly admit they
have reduced, thsjr,, bifis for caring for
their worn-out brothers by getting them
on the city payroll These facts are not
denied, nor is it denied that the tendency
has been toward multiplying publications.
Stuff which the heads of departments
would never have had the nerve to give
out to a contractor was rushed to the city
printing office. In this respect the ex
perience of Boston has been like that of
the federal government. The misuse of
the public printing office by congress was
so patent years ago that James G. Blame
wrote an article calling serious attention
The tendency toward municipal owner
ship is quite marked in Germany. Cologne,
with a population of 375,000, owns the gas
and electric light works, street railways,
harbor and wharves, slaughter houses,
cattle yards a nd half the stock in the
railroad to Bonn. In the grand duchy of
eHsse teh town councils are required to
buy land and build houses for the people
to purchase on the installment plan. How
would you like to let the council of Min
neapolis loose on a sn#p like that?
It is reported that the London county
council will spend $20,000,000 in acquiring
the surface tramways of the city. The
council will pay a nominal sum for the
unexpired franchise and buy the phvsical
property of the companies. Yerkes su b
wavs must come into the deal at some
time, but probably at *a good construction
profit to Mr. Yerkes.
A good many newspapers speak of
binder twine factories as experiements in
public ownership, but it is a fact that
neaily all these plants have been set up
to furnish a non-competitive employment
to prisoners of the state. In Minnesota,
which was a pioneer in this line, there
was a double motive, to provide employ
ment a nd to break up a monopoly which
was charging the .farmers two prices for
RELATION OF DIET TO TUBERCU-
In e\ery case of consumption there his
been a time when the individual did not
really have tuberculosis, but had a weak
ness of the system, a decreased resistance
to disease. Generally speaking, an indi
vidual has more or less pow?r to resis*
consumption, and this resistance i^ over
come in various ways. It Is often broken
down suddenly, as in pneumonia or ty
pho'd fever, or other acute disease o,f a
In other cases this resi&tance is lessened
by living in an atmosphere that has ben
breathed over and over again. (Devital
ized air toxaemia i The above sources of
lessened resistance to disease would per
haps suggest thi mpeLVes to any one who
has given the subject thought But how
few really understand the intimate rela
tion existing between impaired digestion
and decreased resistance to disease. It
is no unusual occurrence to be able to
trace the pretubercular debility of a child
back to wrong habits of diet. The natural
resistance and strergth of the body have
been gradually undermined by an im
proper diet, usually by the taking of su
gars mainly in the form of candy be
tween meals. This habit will surely
wean the child away from other neces
sary fodds. The growing child, above all
others, requires a maximum of protelds
(milk, eggs, meat, etc and for the par
ents to permit the child to persist in ta k
ing candy at all times of the day or
night means, in the less robust, at least,
a marked decrease in the child's natural
strength, a nd In ma ny cases may lead to
the development of tuberculosis. Parents,
if they wish strong, robust children,
should among ottier matters, give atten
tion to the time and character of the
sweets taken by their children. W rec
ognize in sugar a necessary part-Of a
well-balanced dietary, but if this part of
the diet is taken alone, between meals,
then It gradually weans the child away
from -the natural desire for other, food?,
and this practice long continue*! leads to
an arre st of the natural growth ana often
to the, development of jMe consumptive
THE UNEASY CHAIR
STIRRING STORIES O A DANDY
HIGHWAYMAN, A RAFFLES AS A
ROADAGENT.Think of a roadagent in
a monocle and other things to match
down to modish riding-boots! Put such
a bushranger on a milk-white, thoroly
trained mare, and know that the man be
hind the monocle is a Raffles in clever
ness, with music instead of golf as his
avocation, and you have "Stingaree." the
heroshall we say?or villain, of E. W.
Hornung's latest book.
Stingaree, according to the book, is a
"picturesque rascal" who operates over a
wide territory in Australia. He is an
amusing villain whose very daring makes
you his friend, tho you realize all the
while that for the peace and dignity of
the state he ought to be "doing time."
Mr. Hornung saves the day for sound phi
losophy and good morals by letting him
land behind the bars, but it is doubtful
whether such a lesson would impress
itself on the mind of a boy inclined to
outlawry. Parents of such boys may
therefore take warning. But by the read
er beyond such wild temptations, Stinga
ree will be found "great fun."
He is introduced to the reader at a
frontier station, where he stops to listen
to a young woman's singing. He discov
ers she is alone and boldly steps into the
room to enjoy^the music of a voice which
he recognizes as somewhat remarkable.
The young woman is a stranger and does
not recognize the highwayman as such.
The two have a chat about music (fron
tier etiquet placing no bar in the way of
such a meeting), and Stingaree learns
that a benefit concert is to be given at
a near-by point at which the young lady's
hostess is to do all the singing. Stingaree
takes in the situation, and the night of
the "benefit," when the concert is about
half over, suddenly appears upon the
stage from a rear door, a six-shooter in
either hand, a nd orders hands up.
"You may have heard of me before,"
said the man on the platform, sweeping
the forest of hands with his eyeglass.
"My name's Stingaree."
And then, instead of the hostess, who
can't sing at all, he orders the young
lady to come forward and sing. She does.
There is in the crowd a London musician,
who is in Australia for his health. He
appreciates the qualities of the girl's
voice, and her fortune is made. Stin
garee slips out as he came, while the
girl is singing "Home, Sweet Home like
Patti, to wet eyes.
Mr. Hornung tells a story well, which
goes without saying to those who know
Raffles, and he has in Stingaree excel
lent material on which to work,
Chailes Scribner's Sons, New York, $1.50.
JOHN HAY A HYMN-WRITER.The
stanzas below, entitled "Humility," are
from the pen of John Hay, better known
as diplomat, editor and historian, than
as a poet. The verses were written for
the World's Christian Endeavor conven
tion at Washington a few years ago, but
have just found enduring place, being
chosen now as one of the hymns in the
new "Hymns of Woiship a nd Service":
liord! from far-severed climes we come
To meet at last in Thee, our Home.
Thou who hast been our guide and guard
Be still our hope, our rich reward.
Defend us, Lord, from every ill.
Strengthen our heaits to do Thy wiU.
In all we plan and all we do
Still keep us to Thy service true.
O let us hear the inspiring jWord
Which they of old at lloreb heard
Breathe to our hearts the high command,
"Go onward and possess the land
Thou who are Light, shine on each soul!
Thou who art Truth, each mind control!
Open your eyes and make us see
The path which leads to heaven and Thee!
HISTORICAL ROMANCE OF THE
TIME OF TIBERIUS.Among ma ny
other things we have reason to be thank
ful for is that we did not live in Rome
in the time of Tiberius. Our recollections
of history were enough ground for such
thankfulness, but we have received ad
ditional grounds in the picture of Tiber
ius' times which "Walter S. Cramp has
given in his romantic novel, Psyche. Mr.
Cramp has shown in his story that th*
Cramp family is versatile it can do, and
do with success, much besides building
battleships and other ships. He has giv
en a strong picture of the immorality and
dissoluteness of Tiberius and his people,
but has not brought it offensively near
the reader The latter is made to look
upon it all from the viewpoint of the
hero and heroine, who live above the mor
al level of their time. Mr. Cramp, how
ever, lacks some sk411 as a joiner. He
breaks the unity of his time relation to
the story several times, dropping from the
past tense into the historical present in
a way that adds nothing to the strength
of the narrative. But, we understand,
this is Mr. Cramp's first novel.
The story is about the plot of Sejanus
to seize the throne of Tiberius, and about
some of the victims of that plotsome
who perished a nd some who escaped to
undo Sejanus' devilish plans. It has the
merit of an increasing interest as the
The illustrations are by W. T. Benda.
Little, Brown & Co., Boston, $L50.
A UNIQUE LITERARY SUIT.Walter
Juan Davis has begun a very unusual suit
against an eastern publishing house. Mr.
Davis wrote a story, called "The Spend
thrift," which the defendants published,
but he asserts that they mutilated his
work to such an extent that instead of
gaining glory by it he was held up to the
shame and ridicule of his friends thru
out the country, besides being exposed to
the scorn of thousands of readers who
knew him by this work alone.
NO TIME FOR NEWS
Moffett Cor. Boston (Va.) Gazette.
Editor Gazette. I am too busy trying
to plant my little corn to get in a word
crosswise, and 'n times like these any
word that I might use anywhere would
be quite apt to cross in some way. Com
planting, v/hile begun by a good many, is,
nevertheless, regarded as being backward,
owing to late spring.
JERRY HAS 'EM
Jerry Simpson, formerly a famous
statesman of Kansas, is at present owner
of a large sheep ranch in New Mexico.
There seems to be no excuse for his not
having a pair, a nd woolen ones, too.
W'atsa use for gattin* mad
Jus' baycause you feela bad?
-Yon go-'n feela worse an' worse
Kef yon gona stop an' curse
Evra time ees som-theeng wrong.
You no gatta leeye so long.
Wan, two free, four year, blmeby,
Mebbe so you sona die.
So ees best from day to day
Maka sunshine weetha hay.
Don't be gattin' mada while
You can bava time to smile.
Padre Smeeth he tal me, too,
Justa like I tal to you.
Wan day ees say, "Hallo!
Wat ees mak' you growla so?
Evra time you gatta mad
T3et ees mak' Diablo glad,
Justa laugh an' don'ta care,
-Ben -you mak' Diablo BV. ear.''
Smila now an' den bHneby
You can smila w'en you die.
Growla now an' you weel yell
Weeth Diablo down eenweU,
CathoUc Standard and
May 20, 1905.
With the Long Bow.
"Eyo aatare's walks, shoot folly mm Hfttat.'
We tremble for the man who puts on his own screens. It i& almost as
fascinating a work of art as pounding your thumb at twilight.
By Memorial Day every real boy with any respect for traditions about
him should have been "in swimming" in the public water supply.
Have you taken any medicine "for the blood" this spring. If you have,
it is an even bet that your blood never caught on to what was being done for
it, tho your stomach may have caught on to some of the whisky in the won-
Mme. Bernhardt, the tragedienne, says that hoopskirts are "an infamy"
and that "the present feminine costume displaying the outlines of the fig-
ure as it does," combines the rational and tbe beautiful. This depends some-
thing on the figger.'' But in the extreme form of hoops every figure looks
about like a clothespin coming up out of a rat trap.
Frank Myers of Miller, S. D., in the early sixties, fought the Sioux by
day and at night listened to the whiz of their arrows over his head as he lay
in open camp, and rather enjoyed it. But he is now is against a proposi-
tion compared to which his war experiences were a piano recital. He went
down to examine the cellar of his kitchen the other day and found that the
bottom of it had disappeared. A long pole was inserted, but only a vacant
vacuum gave answer to the probing. The disappearance of the cellar bottom
is the deepest and darkest problem that thihs war veteran has yet looked into.
The feelings of a man whose cellar bottom may be interfering with the agri-
culture of China can better be imagined than described.
A number of Hartford ministers for exercise and profit are attending
classes on farming. Let a man act as valet to a rather mean horse for a few
weeks and attempt to keep the garden ahead of the weeds and he becomes
patient, long-suffering and chastened in spirit in a way that argues well for
his helpfulness to his fellow man.
A Mexican student of human nature has laid down these rules regarding
Those who play with their cigarets until they burn their fingers or their
lips are either poets or newspaper men. Out of every ten, eight are newspaper
men and two are poets.
Those who carry their cigarets delicately between the index and the middle
finger are first-class liars, and the truth is not in them.
Those who take great pains to prevent the ashes droppi ng from the cigaret
are foolish and weak-minde d.
I might pay us cigaret dudes to keep tab on ourselves by these rules
and find out whether we are foolish or simply weak-minded.
E. C. Gearey, Jr., told one on himself to the Fargo Forum the other day.
It seems that Mr. Gearey's little daughter, who had just learned to write,
had employed the art on a letter to her teacher. She said:
I wrote a letter to teacher today, papa."
"That was nice."
"So is teacher nice. She's just awful nice. Do you want to see tK
"Please." "You know she gave it back to me after she had read it."
The following letter was read by papa:
"Dere techer i love you so dos papa."
The Chicago Evening Post, ever solicitous regarding the dangers beset-
ting the modern home, has secured a number of interviews "from thoughtful
men" on "The Father's Place in the Home." Jenkin Lloyd Jones points
out that fatherhood is a late achievement in evolution, while paternity ap-
pears in the lowest realms of life. Cycles of life transpired before the male
assumed the responsibilities implied by the word father. Many men are
today much on a level with the brutes who either ignore or refuse to share
the responsibility of nurture with the mother. There are plenty of men who
refuse to take any interest in the physical, mental and moral training of their
children, saying: I don't bother with these things I leave that to my wife,
my part is to pay the bills."
If the father wishes to rise above the brute level it is clearly up to Mm
to begin to take notice. Father's exact standing is shown by his action
when the baby suddenly begins violent teething, complicated by colic with
fringe on it at 2 a.m., biting off large chunks of noise and throwing them
out on the air. If father scuttles for the "spare room" and shuts two
doors between him and the noise foundry, he is still on the brute plane and
evolution has long and arduous work .to do. The co-operation of father in
the family life is one of the demands of the day. A. J. R.
WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK
A Trade School.
To the Editor of The Journal.
Professor McVey's suggestion that the
city of Minneapolis commemorate its fif
tieth anniversary by the establishment of
a trade school is a good one. Is there not
as urgent a need of jjchools to educate
mechanics in the various trades as there
is to educate men for the higher profes
sions so-called of medicine, dentistry and
In this connection I have been much in
terested in an article by S. A. Wolf on the
labor system of the Baldwin Locomotive
Works of Philadelphia in the May number
of the Business Man's Magazine. Bald
win's is the largest single establishment
for the manufacture of locomotives in the
world. It's payroll includes over 4,000
men. A constant supply of skilled labor
is a necessity and to insure such a supply
the firm became satisfied that it must
educate its own mechanics. The following
extract from Mr. Wolf's article explains
the firm's method:
"About four years ago Mr. Sample, a
veteran of the shops, was called upon to
systematize the apprentice school. Hia
first class graduated recently as full
fledged mechanics and entered upon regu
lar employment in the shops at the usual
"The apprenticesthere are 450 of them
at presentare divided into three classes,
and the course is four years in duration.
Into the first class are Introduced the boys
not more than 17 years of age or less than
16. They must have a common school
educated and they are paid 5 cents an
hour Their, parents or gardians are re
quired, under the provisions of the state
law, to sign indenture papers. It is made
imperative upon the boys that they go to
school, either public or private, three
night a week. Written reports of their
progress are turned in monthly to Mr.
Sample by the school principals. As an
inducement to finish the apprentice
course, the company offers a bonus of
5125, to be paid the learner on the day
he becomes a graduate mechanic. The ap
prentices in the class are advanced in
wages every year at the rate of 2 cents
an hour, until the fourth year, when
they receive 11 cents an hour.
"in the second grade the student must
be 18 years old and have a high school or
manual training school education.
must know the ordinary branches of
mathematics thoroly but he, too, must
keep up his school work during unem
ployed hours. He starts at 7 cents an
hour and receives $100 bonus at the end
of three years.
"In the third grade are the pick of the
apprentices, usually college graduates or
men who are versed in the higher mathe
matics. They must be 21 years old or over.
With their trained minds, such appren
tices grasp the demands of the work more
swiftly, and are converted into skilled
mechanics within two years. They are
paid 11 cents an hour, and receive no
"From the day the apprentice enters
Baldwin's he Is taug ht that faithfulness
to duty will be rewarded with promotion.
He knows that, upon graduation, his next
test is in the role of the skilled mechanic.
If he succeeds, he knows that he can be
come a contractor, and then a foreman.
And there is not a man In the whole es
tablishment who Is not aware that every
one of the seven men composing the
JH* S@ft- ~-*r
Burnham, Williams Co partnership
has been himself a foreman. So the
apprentice need only be ordinarily am
bitious to be spurred by the thought
that, some day, he may be a member of
"Unionism is barred at Baldwin's, albeit
a union man may be known as a union
man and yet retain his job. But it is a
thing which is so little encouraged that it
has ne\er happened that union workmen
have been able to become sufficientlj' nu
merous to constitute a possible menace to
the peace of any one shop or of any class
of mechanics. But the scale of wages,
planned tho it is with the employers' in
terest as the first consideration, neverthe
less conforms closely to the union scales."
No serious strike has ever occurred at
these works. H. N
Mr. Hill's Residence.
To the Editor of The Journal.
I understand that James J. Hill lives
in Xew York city. If so, please give his
address thru The Journal. M. E.
Montevideo, Mmnn May 16.
Mr. Hill has a residence at 763 Fifth
a\enue, New York, but The Journal
does not understand that he has sur
rendered his legal residence in St. Paul.
A Word for Russia.
To the Editor of The Journal.
While pleased with an answer on this
question from you, I feel almost.sorry to
say that it did not at all satisfy me. Ja
pan is surely not fighting for her national
life, that life of over 44,000,000 people is
not any more in danger than is the na
tional life of Great Britain. No national
life was ever in danger so long as that
life as as vigorous, sober a nd indus
trious as that of the Japs. No senti
mental feeling has any right to a place on
this account. The Japanese are e\en much
more aggressive and encroaching on the
rights of Korea and China, than Russia
ever was. If, as you say (but I do not
believe), that a sentimental reason ex
plains the attitude of nine-tenths of the
Americans, they must be entirely ignorant
of the late war between China and Japan,
and the bullying policy of the Japs toward
both Korea a..d China. The Japs wanted
Manchuria and Korea for ma ny years, and
if Russia loses this fight, Japan will get
them, and a few years later she will get
the whole of China, too, and Europe and
America will fre shut cut from eastern
Asia. That is what European statesmen
have clearly seen coming. If "America
is in favor of maintaining the territorial
integrity of China and the open door,'*
and if she thinks that Jap an will respect
China's integritv. she will soon be awak
ened from a miserable dream if the Japs
win from Russia and as,to an open port,
are not all Russian ports open, even some
what wider than our American ports?
The Japs are mechanics and a mechani
cal people, and labor is cheap there. They
will be able, very easily, to compete with
Europe and with America. Russians, on
the other hand, are not mechanics: they
are agriculturists and herdsmen, and that
Is the kind of people to sell manufactured
goods to. It is greatly in the interest of
humanity that Russia gets a seaport. The
Japs do not need it. Th at the worship
ers of Buddha, the sun and the dead
should be preferred to Christians, because
of some good Christian-like acts, is at
least astonishing. It is hot so very Ions
ago that they massacred all the Chris
tians in their islands. P. Haan.
j. Renville, Maj