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IN WORLD'S HONOR
Success as Peacemaker Strength
ens His Influence Abroad
and at Home.
WASHINGTON IS LOST
IN ADMIRATION OF HIM
Talk of His Re-election Is Heard
Again in the Nation's
By W. W. Jermane.
Washington, Aug. 30.Washington
1* 3 sounding the praise of President
Koosevelt, who has played such an 1m-
7 ortant part in the successful peace
negotiations at Portsmouth. The city
cannot find words strong enough in
which to express itself. The president,
jn the minds of the people here, has
lifted the American nation into a posi
tion of prominence such as it has never
attained, and made it the most con
spicuous object on the world horizon.
While the nation as a whole is thus
brought into the limelight, it is upon
the president personally that this light
shines strongest, and Washington takes
great pride in the thought that he is
now the most exalted ruler in the
"Big-Stick" Talk Cheapened.
I is noted here that what he has
'done for peSce enormously cheapens
home talk of "the'big stick."
The indirect effect of his splendid
diplomatic victory, it is believed, will
be very great on domestic policies. It
is predicted that it will secure the
prompt acceptance foy all pixblic men
in this country, regardless of party, of
his corollary to the Monroe doctrine,
which he announced so forcibly recent
ly in his Chautauqua address. This, of
course, will mean the ratification by
the senate of his proposals for the
settlement of troubles in Santo D
xningo. It will also bear heavily on
his demand for a larger navy. On all
questions of international significance
it is believed that he will be permit
ted to have his way without question
fince he has proved himself equal to
he greatest international opportunity
ever put in the way of an American
Roosevelt Stronger at Home.
As bearing on this general situation,
is thought In Washington that the
wonderful increase of prestige which i
the president has now secured will add
etrength to his arm in his fight for
xailroad-rate legislation. This phase
of the situation is also being seriously
discussed here. In an interview which
I had with him several months ago,
in reply to a statement that his book,
*'The Strenuous Life," afforded a per
fect key to all that he was trying to
"fio as president, he called especial at
tention to the essay, "The Latitude
and Longitude of Beformers," and to
one or two others, as most clearly out
lining his policy. He said practically
this Bame thing very recently, in a
letter to Governor Folk of Missouri.
I is gratifying to know that in his
handling of the great question of peace
he has this policy constantly in mind.
It is almost certain that foreign
comment on his most recent perform
ance will be of the most adulatory
character, and the fact that it will be
entirely disinterested will give it in
this country an emphasis the strength
of which it will be difficult to calculate.
Talk of Re-election.
He has said again and again in un
mistakable terms, that he would not ac
cept another presidential nomination,
and no doubt he means just what he has
said. At the same time, it is easy to
foresee that the stronger hold that he
now has on the confidence and esteem
of the American people threatens to
compel him to decline the place again.
Otherwise the country may, almost with
one voice, demand that he otfce more ac
cept the chief magistracy.
Witte Is Popular.
Washington has conceived a great
fondness for Mr. Witte, whose superior
diplomacy so ably seconded the presi
dent's efforts. Hsd some such man as
he been in Washington" as Russian am
bassador during the early stages of the
war, instead or Count Cassini, it is like
ly that American popular sentiment
would not have leaned so heavily in
favor of Japan.
The president's manWer of dealing
with the Portsmouth affair recalls to
the people Washington his manner
of dealing with the coal strike. He
employed the same tactics in both
cases, courage, determination, diploma
cy, disinterestedness, honesty and en
thusiasm born' of what he conceived to
be the justice of his contentions. In
both cases the victory was a personal
one, shared with no other human being.
"Washington ny believes that the rest
of the world will be able to understand
what it is in the man that has so com
pletely captured the admiration* of the
TROLLEY MEN ARRESTED
THREE AT MILWAUKEE CHARGED
WITH MANSLAUGHTER IN CON-
NECTION WITH RECENT ACCI
DENT. Milwaukee, Aug. 30.Warrants of
arrest were today served on M. W.
Austin, superintendent of transporta
tion of the Milwaukee street railway
Inspector Bell of the South Side serv
ice, and R. Aarmock, a motorman em
ployed by the company, charging them
with manslaughter in connection with
the streetcar accident at Fox Point ten
days ago, in which Henry Altpass was
killed and many were injured. The
three men were released on bail of
GEN. WOOD LEAVES FOR MANILA.
Boston, Aug. 80.Major General Leonard Wood
and Mrs Wood left yesterday for New York
They started today for the PhUippine islands,
Where General Wood will resume his command.
A BED-HEADED SUICIDE.
I Philadelphia, Aug. 30 Fear that her child
might inherit its father's red hair caused Mrs
Tillie Kuglei, 22 years old and a bride of
'Year, to end her
SPORTING NEWS WILL J'UILND XSE BAEEB J?t3UJtfc&
SDN AND EARTH
Conditions Favorable to Observe
Year's Most Interesting
Special to The Journal.
Northfield, Minn., Aug. 30.Condi-
tions were favorable for the observa
tion at Goodsell this morning of the
last half of the total eclipse of the
sun. A little cloud on the horizon and
a low hill made the sun rise later than
the predicted time.
The' first sight of the horn of the
crescent was secured at 5:85, and was
preceded by shadows and streams of
light of a most beautiful effect. Ve
nus, looking on the western horn of
the crescent, appeared first and in two
minutes the whole crescent was in
view. The shape and width, were as
indicated in the drawing in Saturday's
Journal, but the lines joining the
horns of the crescent were' perpendic
ular to the horizon instead of parallel,
owing to an^ error made in drawing
the bjorizon line for the diagram.
The maximum obscuration had al
ready taken place when the sun roBe.
As the eclipse passed off, the moon un
covered, foiix distinct groups of sim
spots, about twenty-one spot centers
and a light spot from 15,000 to 20,000
miles in diameter. The last trace of
the black notch produced by the edge
of the moon on the sun's disk was
noted at six hours, thirty minutes and
Two photographs were taken by Pro
fessor Wilson, who says that if condi
tions were as favorable in Spain,
where the sun was near its meridian,
the results will be valuable.
SEEN AT UNIVERSITY
Professor Leavenworth Takes Time of
Francis P. Leavenworth, professor of
astronomy at the state university, came
in from his summer home at Excelsior
last night and opened the university
observatory. His telescope was trained
on the opening between the library and
the "old main" from an early hour
this morning, but tho the sun was sched
uled to rise at 5:26, it did not get above
the campus oaks until after 6 o'clock,
and in consequence Professor Leaven
worth was unable to make any observa
tion of the eclipse in its early stages
He was able, however, to note the time
the obscuration ended, which was at
4:51:20 star time, or approximately at
6:32 mean time. This fact, taken in
coniunction with observations else
where, will be of value in determining
the exact position of the moon during
The sun, as it rose thru the mists
which obscured the horizon, could be
observed with the naked eye and pre
sented a spectacle at once beautiful and
curious. The indentation of the moon's
shadow entered the sun's disk from
the left and at the time of greatest
obscuration extended beyond its center.
Due to Refraction.
Instead of appearing as a true cres
cent, the eclipsed sun had a curiously
flattened appearance, as if some one had
taken the two horns of the crescent and
pressed them together. Professor
Leavenworth explained that this was
a very common -phenomenon to be seen
every morning, due to the refraction of
the earth's atmosphere, but that it was
emphasized by the mist on the horizon
and the fact that part of the sun was
This same atmospheric condition pre
vented a closer noting of the time of
conclusion as the outlines of the moon's
shadow, tho clearcut to the eye, were
decidedly hazy when seen thru the pow
erful ten-inch telescope in the univer
sity observatory. Had the eclipse been
visible here at a later hour, it would
have been possible to have marked its
duration to a fraction of a second.
The morning was very favorable to
the observer without a telescope, as
the mist on the horizon made a smoked
glass unnecessary during the early and
most advanced stages of the eclipse,
and all those who were energetic enough
to get up at the inconvenient hour the
sun chose for its exhibition, were well
repaid for their sacrifice of sleep.
EXPLOSION OF A TOY
ENGINE KILLS GIRL
Special to The Journal.
Decatur, Neb., Aug. 30.The 13-
year-old granddaughter of Mr. and
Mrs. John Stjuires is dead and a broth
er of the girl is seriously injured, as
the result of the explosion of a" toy en
gine. The scalding steam literally
cooked the girl from head to foot and
she died in an hour, ___
PRICE TWO CENTS. WEDNESDAY EVENING,* AUGUST 30, 1905.
Why Japan Receded.
A leading Japanese, probably Baron Kaneko, says:
"The Russians may indulge in boasting now. They may call it a diplo-
matic victory, but we are confident that upon calm consideration the world
will applaud our course.
"To yield upon the question'of our demand for the expenses of the war
was the only road to peace. We had attained the object? of the war, we
had established our predominant position in Korea.
"We had obtained the lease to Port Arthur and the adjacent territory,
we had obtained the Chinese Eastern railroad and the evacuation of Man-
churia. We have even obtained important fishing rights along the Russian
"These covered the objects which we have kept steadily in view for
nineteen months of bloody war. Those objects insured the resumption of
the great works of peace we had planned.
"To have now set ourselves a new objectthat of obtaining money from
Russia to defray the expenses of the warwould have involved a continua-
tion of the sacrifice of blood and treasure.
"At the end, what? We could not go to Moscow or St. Petersburg.
The internal conditions in Russia have to be considered. Our very successes
might have created conditions which would make it impossible to secure
"Besides, in the final analysis, there was the recognition of the fact
that to obtain indemnity a country must hold the other by the throat."
Baron Kaneko, Japan's financial agent, said later on: "Japan has
achieved all she fought for. The question of indemnity was of minor 1m-
portance compared to the establishment of her position among the nations
and to the other advantages gained."
Mr. Ouishi, correspondent of Tokio Jiji, says: I do not see anything
but a full satisfaction. We have gained almost everything we required be-
fore the war. I know there Is some talk that Japan has lost the fruits of
war, just as she did ten years ago. Of course, it would be better for us if
we could get more, but when one considers the probable result of the failure
of this conference and reflects that we would have had to- go on with that
horrible war, costing lives of tens of thousands, and millions of dollars,
which is almost intolerable from the viewpoint of humanity and civiliza-
tion, it must be admitted that it is a great day for Japan as well as for
Captain Young' of the Benning
ton to Be Coiurt-Martialed-
Ensign Wade Also.
Washington, Aug. 30.Secretary
Bonaparte today acted on the findings
of the court of inquiry in the case of
the Bennington explosion.
He disapproved of so much of the
findings as declared that the Benning
ton was in an excellent state of disci
pline and good and efficient condition',''
at the time of the explosion, and is
particularly severe in his comment on
the failure of the officers to look after
the safety valves.
He further says that the court of in
quiry's failure to make any finding re
specting the captain of the ship, Imciem
Young, does not meet his approval, and
he therefore declares that to clear him
self, Captain Young must appear before
Ensign Charles T. Wade, who was in
charge of the machinery, is also order
ed before a court-martial.
JIM CROW STOLE JOHN
D.'S SILK TOPPER
New York Sun Special Service.
Cleveland, Aug. 30.James J. Crow
was arrested late last night, accused
of stealing John D. Rockefeller's silk
hat from the Euclid Avenue Baptist
church, while the oil king was wor
shiping Sunday morning.
Later, Grow broke a window in the
First Methodist Episcopal church and
was crawling in, when he was caught by
'1 & vtf^J/^
EMPERORS AND KINGS DOERTHEIR CROWNS 1
TODAr IN HONOR O0MRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
A VISIT TO GRIEG^
AT 'GOBLIN ML'
Norway's Great Composer Inter
viewed at His Villa Near
Norway's Famous Composer Who Lives
at Bergen. g*
BY W. B. CHAMBERLAIN,
Managing Editor of The Journal.
Copyright, 1905, by The Minneapolis Journal.
Bergen. Norway, Aug. 1.This por
tion or the west coast of Norway may
fairly be called the cradle of Norwegian
civilization. From these fjords issued
the dauntless vikings who conquered
England, Scotland and Ireland] who
gained a foothold in and gave their
name to northern France who settled
all the islands of the north Atlantic
and even discovered America 500 years
before Columbus lived. Hither they
brought with their captives and booty
the seeds of that civilization which has
made Norway unique among the nations
of the world. Here it was that the bat
tle was fought in 872 that united the
seven earldoms in one kingdom under
Harold Haarfagera kingdom that still
exists and is one of the oldest- in
Europe. It was at -Bergen that that
greatest of medieval monopolies, the
Hanseatic League, established its north
ernmost depot, whence it dominated all
trade in those waters., Bergen is thus
one of the bT&esifc exls of the north, stud
it was for centuriifb Norway's metrop
olis. The country between Bergen and
Voss has been settled and civilized
longer than most other parts of the
Cradle of Great Men.
It is no surprise, then, to learn that
many of Norway's greatest men have
come froin this -very section. Christian
Michelsen, the great prime minister,
whose name is now on every lip, is a
Bergen man. Ole Bull, greatest of vio
linists, was born and lived here, and
you may see his statue, not unlike that
in our own Loring park, here in the
Let it not be forgotten either that
the greatest Norwegian-American,
Khute Nelson, senator from Minnesota,
was born in this same locality. As
we rode on the railroad from voss to
Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column.
PUZZLE PICTURE. MJ
Pick out the man who delivered the goods. ^y^W
FROM OPEN SHOP
Bulletin Board Sign in Chicago
Causes Eight Workmen to
Drop Their Sticks.
Terms Agreed to by Peace Conference.
Portsmouth, N. H., Aug. 30.These are the demands made by the Jap-
anese plenipotentiaries upon the Russians, together with the final disposi-
tion of them:
FirstThe recognition of the preponderating interest of Japan in Korea.
Agreed to by the Russians.
SecondThe evacuation of Manchuria by the Russian and Japanese
Agreed to. The Russians still occupy two-thirds of the territory.
ThirdTransfer by Russia to Japan of the leasehold of Liaotung pen-
insula, which includes Port Arthur and Dalny.
Agreed to by the Russians.
FourthThe return to China of the civil administration of Manchuria.
Agreed to by the Russians.
FifthThe concession of Saghalien island by the Russians, the Jap-
anese military forces occupying it by force of arms.
Russia refused and compelled the Japanese to return to them one-half
of the island.
SixthTransfer to the Japanese by Russia, without compensation, of
all docks, magazines and military works at Port Arthur and Dalny.
Agreed to by the Russians.
SeventhTransfer of the railroad between Port' Arthur and Kunshien.
Agreed to by the Russians.
EighthRetention by Russia of main line of railroad from Kunshien
NinthRussia to reimburse Japan for the cost of the war.
Rejected by the Russians.
TenthRussian warships interned at various neutral ports to be turned
over to the Japanese.
Rejected by the Russians.
EleventhThe limitation of Russian naval strength' in the far east.
Rejected by the Russians.
TwelfthGranting to the Japanese certain fishing rights on the Sibe-
Accepted by the Russians.
Chicago, Aug. 80.First indications
that the threat of union officials to
carry the printers' strike into every
book and job printing house in Chicago,
if necessary, was to be made good today
came with the walk out of six composi
tors and two apprentices in a shop
where union demands were ignored.
A sign posted on the bulletin board,
declaring the place henceforth an open
shop caused the men' to quit work. Or
ganizer Harding of the local union
"By tomorrow morning at the latest
and possibly by tonight, every printing
shop, which is a member of the Chicago
typothetae, "will iind its men on strike"
unless it makes an agreement with the
Another shop employing five union
printers came under tho ban later in the
President E. B. "Wright of the union
issued an order for an immediate
strike in any plant where work from
non-union places is recefved.
BAB SILVER DROPS.
London, Aug. 80 The price of bar surer
dropped to 27%d per ounce today. The declara
tion of peace caused speculators to offer freely
without limit to price, owing to the idea that
the metal will not be wanted so much. The
offerings were weU absorbed and the price was
MILWAUKEE MAN KILLED.
Special to The Journal.
Winona. Minn., Aug 80 Albert Gaston of Mil
waukee was struck by lightning and killed last
night on WiUlam Chalmers' farm on Homer
TAZB TOS IGHT AND THURSDAY COOLER TONIGHT AND WABMEB
City's Leading Business Man Is
Pound Dead in a Chicago
Special to The Journal.
Mankato, Minn'., Aug. 30.B. D.
Hubbard, who met his death last night
in a rooming house in Chicago, was
Mankato 's leading business man, and
the account of his death is a great
shock to citizens as well as to his fami
ly. Hee was born Maryland towW
countyin N. Y., Dec 14
1837. His parents were farmers and
their ancestry went back to the colonial
days. Some were prominent in the
early history of New England.
After 15 young Hubbard started out
to earn his own living, having received
such education as the common schools
affoided. He was in turn engaged sur
veying, clerking, farming, trading with
immigrants' and raising tobacco. He
en'gaged in the grocery business at Cor
ry, Pa., in 1866, with a capital of $2,000
and in four years cleared up $30,000.
Then be came.to Mankato and erect
ed a warehouse" and engaged in grain
buying. Later he erected a flour mill
and enlarged it several times until now
it has 1,800 barrels daily capacity.
He became the principal stockholder
of the Hubbard & Palmer Elevator
company, which has forty elevators on
the Omaha road. He helped to start
the linseed oil works, and managed its
business eleven years, it later being ab
sorbed by the trust. He assisted start
ing the linseed oil works at Sioux City,
in 1882, which were also eventually sold
to the trust.
Mr. Hubbard was alderman one term
and helped to start several important
public movements. He was liberal
minded and public-spirited, and did
much to aid the growth of Mankato.
His death causes profound sorrow.
He was twice married and is survived
by his son Jay by his first marriage,
and by his second wife and two daugh
ters, Kate and Mary, a brother and two
He had been in failing health several
years, and had not been feeling as well
as nsual the past few days, but disre
garded all danger signals, and contin
ued to devote his entire time and en
ergy to his business affairs. He won't
to Chicago Monday evening, expecting
to be in Milwaukee today and to return
to Mankato Thursday.
His remains will be brought to Man
kato tomorrow at noon, accompanied by
a Chicago friend, John A. Heusner, a
business man there.
MYSTERY IN HIS DEATH
Hubbard Found Lifeless in Chicago
Booming HouseWoman Arrested.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Aug. 30.E. D. Hubbard, a
wealthy resident of Mankato, Minn., a
ues at the Auditorium hotel, was
dead in a rooming house at 371
Wabash avenue shortly after 9 o'clock
last night, and the police are holding
Mrs. Nellie White, proprietor of the
place, pending an in'vestigation.
Hubbard was found by the White
woman, who at once summoned Dr. E.
C. Winans and Dr. F. A. Metcalf." They
found the man had been dead for some
time. After a consultation they re
insed to issue a death certificate and
Wotified the police of the Harrison
Detectives McCaffey and Hughes
were sent to the place. They found
the man's body lying in a beds in a
room on the top floor, which he had
rented, according to the White woman,
early in the evening.
Woman's Story Discredited.
She said he had come to the place
with a young woman, who. after re
maining in the room but a short time,
left it and ran out of the building. Mrs.
White said she did not know the young
The mysterious circumstances sur
rounding the man's,death and the man
ner in which Mrs. White sought to ex
plain it caused the "police to place her
Changes Version of Affairs.
When questioned by Lieutenant Duf
fy at the Harrison street police station
she said that the woman had told her
that Hubbard had fallen to the floor.
She says she then went to the Toom and
found Hubbard unconscious. She knew
that the man usually registered at the
Auditorium, and she notified the clerk
there, who called Doctors Winans and
Metcalf. She said she had known Hub
bard twenty-five years.
The place in which the man was
fouWd dead is the fourth floor qf the
building at 371 Wabash avenue, which
,is in the block, between Harxison, street
Continued on 2d 4th jpolumn,
Are^nfcessary for the tone ef
Journal Advertising. It's clean
all the way thru. Jr|g
IN THE FAR EAST
War Leaves Japan in an Impreg
nable Position in the
FOR COSTS USELESS
English Newspapers and States
men Consider the Mikado's*
Course the Wisest One.
London, Aug. 30.Newspaper com
ment on the results of the war, on Jap
an present position in the orient and"-?
on the new English alliance with Japan &
are significant. In this connection the
Pall Mall Gazette says:
Japan's Impregnable Position.
The enlarged treaty with Eng
land may have considerable weight
in persuading the mikado and his
advisors that Japan's position in
the far east is practically impreg
nable and that peace may be made
without pressing for the payment
Japan now stands in a position
of impregnable supremacy in the
far east. This supremacy could
only be disputed by a coalition
against which her alliance with the
greatest naval power in the world
constitutes an absolute guarantee.
Asia Now Lies at Japan's Feet,
Arguing that Japan might, after
consideration, feel more satisfied withal
having gained the points for which sh*
took up arms, the Pall Mall Gazette JS
11 Henceforth Asia lies at her feet"J^S'^S
and particularly China. China has been
a bone of contention -all along. Eng
land add the United States will have
every reason to be thankful for the
triumph of Japan."
Referring to Japan's decision to give
up her demand for an indemnity, the
Westminster Gazette says:
Her Course Was the Wisest One.
I needed only a moment's re
flection to see how greatly her
moral and material position must
have been worsened if, after hav
ing obtained all the substantial
points for which she undertook the
war and all the enormous assets
that go with them, she had taken
the responsibility for renewing the
war on the question of costs which
could not in the long run have
been recovered against an opponent
who was determined not to pay.
The policy of Japan is to con
centrate herself on the formidable
task of developing what her vic
tory has given her and even a suc
cessful war, which would have left
her in possession of further terri
tory, nrust have dissipated, her en
ergies and weakened her position.
The Westminster Gazette concludes
with a reference to the Anglo-Japanese
"The alliance is to be renewed and
extended to a wider scope than it has
The paper expresses the hope that the
extended alliance may be one which in
the long run may be compatible with
more friendly relations between Great
Britain and Russia.
Mikado's Act Shows Wisdom.
Speaking of Japan's waiving of the
indemnity clause the Globe says:
"It has been an act of extraor
dinary courage and magnanimity on the
ftart of the emperor and his council. In
he act, which seems justified by the re
sults, the emperor or Japan has given
the world a lesson in moderation and, as
we believe the result will show, in prac
The Globe also claims that Japan
gained what she went to war for, and
"To the ancientj chivalrous feeling
of the old samurai, there must have
appeared something sordid in continu
ing the conflict, not for glory or for the
safety of the empiie, but for a cash
payment, which has assumed the form
of a liquidation for damages. Moreover
we are in the dark. We have no glim
mer of the secret conditions, which in
all probability form part of the terms
of peace. Nor do we know how far
the situation was affected by the Anglo
Russia's Face Saved.
The Evening Standard says:
"Russia has won one of the greatest
diplomatic victories in the history of
tbe world. It is summed up in Mr.
Witte's 'pas un sou' (not a cent) of
indemnity. Nor are we inclined to be-
-udge Mr. Witte his hour of glory.
fought magnificently for Russia,
and thanks in a lareg measure to his
tactical ability, she has been able to
save her face." j
Referring tbe results gamed
Japan, the Standard says:
"Perhaps she is the only nation on
the face of the earth, whieh would have
rested content with what she set out to
Roosevelt's Greatest Victory.
In conclusion the Standard says: ~J
"We come to what, from an interna-* 4
tional point of view may be -regarded
as the greatest victory of the three.
It belongs as we think to President
Roosevelt. He may, for instance, have
held out to Japan inducements which
would have the double effect of secur
ing peace with Russia and rooting up
the weeds of a disagreement between^
Japan and America.'
Witte Becomes a Hero, **^|f
The Evening Standard prints a dis
atch from St. Petersburg, which says
Witte will return the hero of the
day, that it is not impossible that he
may "become a sort of prime minis-
ter," the dispatch adds: $
"It is believed, however, that he
will refiise, unless freedom or the
and personality are guaranteed."
Stock Market Buoyant.
Owing to the announcement of peace
tho stock market opened with great
buoyancy, and stocks received a smart
advance, particularly in the case of
Russian bonds, which changed four
W&ta* ^Jap%^s0^oads were alao af.
Continued on. 2d Page, Itfc Column. ,:_