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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, August 31, 1905, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1905-08-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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Take An Auto Bide
you know about The Journal's
Daily Tours? Call "9, either
line," and ask for Tour De
partment.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
PEOPLE ALREADY
ABE SUSPICIOUS
Compact Likely to Be Bitterly
Assailed by Press and in the
1 Parliament.
CAPITAL CITY SHOWS
NO SIGN OF REJOICING
Takahashi Tells of Japan's Next
Move in the Education of
ChinaNo Loans Needed.
Tokio, Aug. 31.11 a.m.The pub
lic continues to be without information
regarding the agreement of the peace
envoys at Portsmouth.
The terms of ieace are not known
here, especially the conditions con
cerning the island of Saghalien and the
amount of reimbursement.
Despite the lack of information many
people are convinced that the Japan
ese government has made substantial
{loncessions, and already are cnticiz
and objecting.
Unless the terms prove to be better
than were anticipated, it is certain
that the compact will prove unpopu
lar and will be bitterly assailed by the
press and by the diet, which is expected
to meet in special session shortly.
The radical elements are asserting
that cabinet changes are inevitable.
The mass of the people is not moved.
There is a feeling of great relief
that hostilities have ended and that
the men of the great army will return
home, be disbanded and re-enter the
walks of peace. This feeling, however,
is without public manifestation. There
have been no processions, no display of
flags or other marks of popular jollifi
cation.
The capital city continues normally
quiet and reports from thruout the em
pire indicate a similar condition.
TAKAHASHI' S VIEWS
No Loans NeededEducation of China
Comes Next.
London, Aug. 31.Koretiyo Takaha
shi, the financial commissioner of
Japan, today said:
''The Japanese government, in pros
ecuting the war, never had mind
the question of having to depend on
an indemnity The government had
prepared itself for any emergency, and
at the present moment there is no leas
than $175,000,000 untouched Lon
do n, Germany and the United States.
This being the case, I see no neces
sity for the issue of a new loan. Had
peace not been concluded, ry govern
ment would have raised an internal
loan for $100,000,000 for the prosecu
tion of the war. This was the plan at
the time the conference met.
I consider that the present re
sources of Japan are ample for clear
ing up the war and meeting the inci
dental expenses thereby involved. So,
if Japan has in view a new plan for
the issue of a fresh loan it will be for
the purpose of converting a previous
loan bearing higher interest. I have
not heard that my government has any
such intention."
When questioned, regarding the con
ditions of peace, Mr. Takahashi con
tinued:
"All far-seeing Japanese will hail
with satisfaction the conclusion of
peace, altho there must be a feeling of
general regret that Russia did not dis
play a more reasonable attitude in
recognizing that Japan's terms were
not only reasonable but very moderate.
"Tn the circumstances, all Japanese
who take a broad-minded view of the
situation must recognize that the de
cision of their empeior was the wisest
possible Had the government insisted
on an indemnity, it is clear that the
war would have continued.
"The obiects for which this war
was waged already have been more
than achieved, and to continue the war
for a pecuniary consideration would
not have been worthy of the Japanese
nation. I do not share the view that
this is a patched-up peace, or that
fresh conflicts are likely to ensue. Such
a contingency has been amply provided
for the new Anglo-Japanese alli
ance.
Mr. Takahashi looks for one of the
earliest developments in the far east
in the education of China by western
methods. This has already commenced.
POLISHING A TREATY
Every Confina in I Examined by the
Japanese.
Portsmouth, N. H., Aug. 31.The
new treaty will be the law on which
the relations of Eussia and Japan will
stand the far east and the position
of every comma is important. The Jap
anese are very painstaking. They work
slowly. They scrutinize every word and
every punctuation mark. They intend
to leave no loopholes.
I is the intention of Eussia and
Japan to follow this treaty with a com
mercial treaty, in which these commer
cial relations will be fixed in more
minute detail than is possible in the
peace treaty.
Baron Eosen, the Eussian ambass
ador, made a very significant statement.
said that it is the intention of Eus
sia, now that there is to be peace, to
cultivate the closest relations with
Japan, in the hope of eventually taking
the place of England.
Several "Kopecks" to Change Hands.
Most important oi all the conditions
of peace is the fact that the formal rec
ognition of Japan's possession of the
Chinese Eastern railway below Kuen
chengste, the junction of the branch
of Kirin, involves payment by Eussia
to China of a sum estimated at $75,-
000,000. This is the Chinese interest
in the road and for it China must be
remunerated.
The question of the ultimate posses
sion of the road is a matter to be set
tled between China and Japan. Japan
can keep the road or surrender it to
China, demanding in return the money
paid by Eussia to China. I she elects
the latter course, Japan "will obtain, as
an indirect "spoil of war" from Rus
sia, the above mentioned sum in addi
tion to reimbursement for the cost of
maintaining the Eussian prisoners of
war, for which Japan will present an'
itemized bill.
Even "the Earth Shook.
A series of earthquake shocks, the
Continued on 2 Page, 4th Column.
JAPAN HAS NOT BEEN
TOLD OF PEACE TERMS
BIG TIDAL WAVE
SWEEPS HIS WAY
It May Carry Roosevelt into Pres
idential Chair Again Despite
Himself.
'He Believes It to Be the Duty
of Every American to Obey
Voice of the People."
New York Sun Special Service.
Chicago, Aug. 31.Walter Wellman
in a Portsmouth, N H., special to the
Eecord Herald says:
I President Roosevelt's triumph as
the peacemaker to make him his own
successor in the White House despite
his declared intention not to accept an
other term? This is the question which
many men are now asking.
Eminent foreigners attending the
peace conference exprcys great surprise
when told that this is Mr. Roosevelt's
last term in
A
EMPEROR NICHOLAS CABLES
THANKING THE PRESIDENT
Oyster Bay, L. I., Aug. 31.Emperor Nicholas of Russia has
recognized gratefully the great part which President Roosevelt
played in the successful negotiations for peace. In a cablegram
received by President Roosevelt today Emperor Nicholas con-
gratulated and thanked the president for his efforts. The cable-
gram follows:
"Peterhoff, Alexandria, Aug. 31: President Roosevelt.
Accept my congratulations and earnest thanks for having brought
the peace negotiations to a successful conclusion owing to your
personal energetic efforts. My country will gratefully recognize
the great part you have played in the Portsmouth peace confer-
ence. Nicholas."
he presidency. They can-
not understand how the American peo
ple can
1 permit such a public servant to
retire to private life.
Foreign Views of the President.
These foreigners look upon Mr.
Eoosevelt not only as the greatest man
America has had in the presidential
chair for a generation, but they frankly
confess he is by long odds the greatest
man now upo n' the world's stage. I
his character, his achievements, his
prestige, his power for good, our friends
from across the sea place him higher
than any other head of state. N
other head of a government could have
done what Mr. Eoosevelt did, they say.
Popular Imagination Fired.
But i t' is noteworthy that just at this
moment many Americans are talking
the same way. For instance, a lead
ing newspaper of New York, and a
democratic paper at that, editorially de
clared "all the probabilities are Mr.
Eoosevelt will be freed by his party to
stand as a candidate for another term.
The president's wonderful achieve
ment as peacemaker has fired the im
agination of the world. is heralded
by friend and foe alike as the "fore
most man of his time," as the "first
citizen of the world," as the "greatest
factor for good upon' the globe."
I this opinion is not swept away "b-y
the changing current of our political
life and thought, it is quite probable
Mi. Eoosevelt has a vast deal of trouble
in store for him anent that declaration
of his last fall, that under no circum
stances "would he again he a candidate
for the presidency.
President's "Friend" Hesitates.
Weeks ago, before the success of
the peace conference was foreseen, and
when the president himself expressed
his thought as one of hope, not one of
confidence, I discussed, the subject o
Mr. Eoosevelt's future with one of his
closest and most confidential friends.
"The president is absolutely sin-
cere," said this gentleman, who had
within the week been Mr. Eoosevelt's
guest for several days and nights.
means precisely what he says. There
is no string to his declaration. He
will live up to it to the limit of his
power. will throw all his energy
into maintenance of his pledge. N
one shall ever be able to accuse him
of indirection or of acting a part.
But
"You pause," said I to the presi
dent's friend. "Please go on."
"Well, if the president retains his
wonderful popularity, if he makes a
success of the peace conference, if he
goes thru the next three years without
making any serious blunder, I believe
the people of the United States, almost
regardless of party, will rise up and
demand that he stay where he is. And
if they do so, if the demand is genuine
and hearty and representative of the
will of the majority of the people, I
do not see how any Irving man can re
sist it.
I cannot speak for the president.
But I know him well. believes it
to be the duty of every American to
obey the voice of the people. took
the vice-presidential nomination, not
because he wanted it, but because he
told me and his other friends that no
man has the right to dictate to his
party or to the people what they shall
o. I is for the people to command,
for the individual to obey. That is
his philosophy. And I anticipate that
three years hence Mr. Eoosevelt is to
be tried as American public man never
before wastried by a popular com
mand that he retract his own volun
tary pledge."
President's Peace Work.
"Would there have been a treaty
of peace but for the work of Presi
dent Eoosevelt?" I asked a high-placed
man here today.
No,'' "Was the reply. I am not
revealing a secret, 1 think, when I
tell you that we should have reached
a compromise broadly on the proposal
which immediately followed the presi
dent's first efforts, had it not been for
the cleverness of Mr. Witte. When
that fell into unpromisingness on ac
count of the sudden change of attitude
on Eussia's part, the president re
newed his effort s, addressing himself
directly to Tokio thru Baron Kaneko.
You all know the result. There would
have been no peace but for the work
of Mr. Boosevelt.''
HORSE THOUGHT HE TTAT THEM.
Bellefontaine, Ohio, AUK. 81.A horse belong
ing to Wallace Jamieson dropped dead In the
road from fright today at the eight of the
first automobile It bad ever seen.
CRAZED BY DRINK,
STRANGER SHOT 3
Billings, Mont., Man Later Battled
With Officers and Was
Killed-
Special to The Journal.
Billmgs, Mont., Aug. 31.A tragedy
that has already resulted in the death
of one man, besides imperiling the lives
of three others, occurred at the opera
house last night between the first and
second acts of "The Chaperones."
Ward Huse and two others stepped
outside of the building, and while talk
ing together were approached by an
unidentified man, who at once opened
upon them with a Savage rifle. The at
tack was unprovoked and -wholly unex
pected, and the men were altogether
defenseless.
Huse was shot thru the leg, between
the knee and thigh, the bullet striking
an artery. staggered into the build
ing, where he fell.
O. Crane, day clerk at "the North
ern hotel, was shot by the murderous
stranger the same place as Huse. The
murderer then turned his gun on the
third member of the-party, S. T. Bow
land, who also was shot in the leg. All
the wounded men will recover.
The man who did the shooting fled
before anyone could approach him or
even identify him. A squad of officers
overtook him an hour later and, after
a lively exchange of shots, during whMi
the stranger emptied his rifle, he was
brought dead to the ground by a bul
let thru his heart.
proved to be a saloon "swamper"
known as "Maior" C. M. Robinson,
and was apparently crazed by driafc.
JAPAN STARTS TO
RUN KOREAN FINANCES
Seoul, Korea, Aug. 31.John Mc
Leavy Brown, who for twelve years
past has been at the head of the Ko
rean customs, is to be dismissed. This
is probably due to the fact that the
customs administration has been under
taken by Megate, the Japanese ad
viser of the Korean government, and
is part of his general plan to reorgan
ize Korean finance.
Under the new arrangements the cus
toms service will cease to exist as a
separate department from the govern
ment, but will be made similar to the
Chinese customs.
FAMOUS TENOR DIES.
Varse, Italy, Aug 31.Tamagno,
tenor, di ed here today.
HimwiwiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiimiwiwiwi
s
ZZ
"The jrecipto'dty
'i}^^ts^m^^i^~'''~:'
f^^^W^Wff'
THIPMHIVNEJMEI S fJOUfiMIsT
He Is Opposed to Reciprocity and
to a Maximum and. Minimum.
Tariff,
W W Jermane.
Washington, Aug. 31.Representa-
tive McCleary has been much sought
after since his arrival from Europe be
cause of his prominence in connection
with the chairmanship of the commit
tee on appropriations. a Journal
correspondent Mr. McCleary said:
McCleary Wants the Place/
"Just before I started for Europe
last May, I had a talk with Speaker
Cannon. I told him I aspired to the
chairmanship and I believed he would
do what he thought was for the best.
"Mr. Cannon said that, not being
speaker, he could not make any prom
ises. There the matter rested, so far
aB I am concerned."
Have to Meet Deficit.
Mr. McCleary was asked for his
opinion on the best way to meet a
deficiency in the revenues, and said:
I can see a number of -ways. First,
reduce expenses. There are a number
of items of expenditure that can*be re
duced without parsimony. Next, mil
lions of dollars more could be produced
by carefully watching.
"My reason for this is due to an in
cident while I was abroad. A Amer
ican saw some furniture suitable for
his new home. When the dealer learned
it was to go to American he said,' Then
you want a special invoice.' 'What's
that?' said the American. 'It is one
that you can show the customs people,'
was the reply. That thing is being
done in numerous instances.
The third method would be to im-
{)ose
an1
internal revenue tax on certain
egitimate subjects of taxation.
"There would still be another chance
for revenue, a customs tax on coffee,
the imposition of this tax -would he
accord with the protective policy, as it
would encourage coffee production in
our non-contiguous territory.
"As a last resort, I would favor a
temporary reduction of some duties in
order to bridge over the crisis."
No "Maximum and Minimum."
Mr. McCleary scorns the maximum
and minimum tariff -jttea put forth
Representative Tawney, and advocated
at the recent reciprocity convention.
"Should congress provide for a min
imum and maximum tariff, however, I
would approve that the minimum be a
rate which would afford protection to
American industries and the maximum
the additional rate which might "be im
posed by the president in retaliation
for discrimination against American
goods.
Reeioroeity Opposed.
4
Mr. McCleary, "wias done a vast deal
of harm. I JIM' first place*, it is a
selfish mjy iniroiifed" ""by a, few men
who desire to g&in Something. Who
can point out to me the man*crying
for reciprocity who hopes to have the
duty lowered on his product? The^nan
ufacturers of New England, for' in
stance, ask for reciprocity with Cana-
a, well knowing that the farmers of
the west would be compelled to bear
the burden and that New England
would benefit thru the sale of its manu
factured products in Canada free of
duty. There is not a single argument
advanced the leaders of this move
ment not founded on democratic doc
trine. I the second place, the move
ment leads to instability and "uncer
tainty of commercial conditions,
"Our present prosperity has been
built up mostly under the Dinglev law
and to cast doubt upon that prosperity
and its continuance takes away the sta
bility. The harm already done cannot
be measured in dollars."
A GENERAL ECLIPSE.
^S! HR?
THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 31, 1905. "SOCIETY.
rGLE Uf STATES-
HIS POSITION
He Is a Candidate for Chairman
ship of the Appropriations
Committee.
il HISTORICAL
MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF THE NORWEGIAN FORTS SWEDEN
WANTS DEMOLISHED, AND OF KARLSTAD, WHERE THE SCANDI-
NAVIAN CONFERENCE IS NOW IN SESSION.
BOYCOTT OF II. S.
BENEFITS CANADA
Montreal Jubilant on Possible
Transfer of Flour Trade to
Canada.
W W Jermane.
Washington, Aug. 31.Advices from
Canada state that the people there con
tinue to believe that the Chinese boy
cott will greatly benefit the Canadian
oriental trade.
Canada has been stirred profoundly
by a series of cable requests from
wholesale merchants at Hongkong ask
ing about the feasibility of securing
heavy supplies of Canadian flour in
place of the American article.
The Canadian Pacific rail-way thinks
that if Canada can satisfy China of
its ability to supply all the flour needed
for Chinese demands, it will be pos
sible to divert nearly all of the Amer
ican oriental flour trade to Vancouver
adint Canadian vessels.
eplies to the Hongkong cable in-
aunR
movement," said
iries said that Canada could supply
our in unlimited quantities.
The business men of Montreal are es
pecially lubilant over "what they con
ceive an opportunity to i cut under the
United States in the markets, of the
far east.
Worst of Boycott Over.
Washington, Aug. 31.Consul Gen
eral Rogers at Shanghai cabled today
that the position there as to the anti
American boycott was improving. The
state department thinks that the boy
cott has practically exhausted itself, the
Chinese merchants finding that they
themselves are the principal losers.
DR. SALMON'S SKIRTS
CLEARED OF WRONGDOING
Washington, Aug". 31.A report of
Solicitor McCabe of the agricultural de
partment, exonerates Dr. Salmon, chief
of a bureau in that department, from
any wrongf acts in the conduct of his
bureau.
k'"*-
-38SS
XOO&Zi SADT S AITO THUNDER STORMS TONIGH AND PBIDAY 0
*iUjrk KsJu \JfJr J\JI\J^O 1 j\U t^m
BIG PEACE PRIZE
FOR OUB TEDDY
Norwegian Storthing Committee
Will Award $40,000 Nobel
Peace Prize to Him.
Story of the Foundation of Alfred
Nobel's Five Prize In
stitutes.
Speoial Cable to The Journal.
Christiania, Norway, Aug. 31.-There
is every reason to believe that Presi
dent Eoosevelt will receive signal rec
ognition from the Nobel peace prize
committee of the storthing. This com
mittee has cabled its congratulations to
the president for his work "for the
peace of the world and humanity."
Such a message is tantamount to saying
that this year's Nobel peace prize of
about $40,000 will be awarded to Presi
dent Eoosevelt. The awards in all five
of the Nobel prizes are made annually
on Dec. 10, the anniveisary of Nobel's
death.
KoDei'8 Remarkable/'Will.
Alfred Bernharo* Nobel, who was the
riehest man in Sweden, died on Dec.
JO, 1896, and left a rno^rt remarkable
will. provided for the establish
ment of five institutes, representing
different fields of activityhumanity
or the cause of peace, physical science,
literature, chemistry and medicine. The
revenues from his estate were to be
divided equally between these five in
stitutes, and the king of Sweden was
to have general supervision of the
whole and appoint an executive board,
with a president, to manage the af
fairs of the foundation. Each insti
tute was to have its own building and
apparatus, and its affairs were to be
governed by a faculty of specialists,
chosen not merely from Scandinavia,
but from the number of scientists or
unquestioned reputation their re
spective fields. These specialists were
to develop and extend the usefulness
of discoveries or inventions, for which
annual prizes were to be awarded. They
were to reside in Stockholm, where the
headquarters of the institutes are to
be maintained. Prizes were to be
awarded annually by each institute to
the man who, in its judgment, had
performed the most useful service in
promoting the peace of the world, or
made the most important discovery, or
written the most valuable book. Can
didates fox these prizes -were to be
named by the learned bodies of the
world, and no personal applications
would be received.
A Huge Estate.
.There was some delay in the set
tling of the estate, owing to the claims
of relatives, but the executors suc
eeeded in satisfying these claims by
the payment of 3,000,000 kronor. The
rest of Mr. Nobel's extensive estate
including his South African gold mines,
oil works at Baku, Russia, and his man
ufactories of smokeless powder, dyna
mite and other explosives in various
parts of Europewas all sold and the
Err
oceeds, amounting to 31,000,000
onor (about $8,300,000) were invested
in the bonds of Sweden, Norway, Eng
land, Germany, Eussia and other Eu
ropean countries. These bonds now
yield an annual income of about $350,-
00 0, so that each institute has some
$70,000 a year to carry on its work and
pay the prizes.
Entrusted to Storthing.
The award of the peace prize was en
trusted by Mr. Nobel to the Norwegiali'
storthing. The reason for this action
was that the storthing has always ac
tively promoted the settlement of inter
national controversies by arbitration.
The storthing does not itself elect the
prize winner, but delegates that
dutv to a committee of five, who may*
belong to its own Wumber, or may b"e
selected from outside. The prize, like
the other four, is open to the world, and
nominations may be made by any legis
lative body, by the International Bar
association, the faculties of law col
leges and professors of history, philoso
phy and polivical science in established
universities, or by any society organ
ized for the purpose of promoting
peace.
The prize for the best literary work
is awarded by the Swedish academy,
composed of eighteen immortalsall
Swedes. The prize in physics is award
by the Swedish academy of science,
seventy-five of whose 175 members, are
residents of other European countries.
The prize in medicine is given by the
faculty of the Stockholm medical col
lege.
The president of the executive board
is former Premier Bostroem of Sweden.
receives an annual salary of $4,200.
The executors of the Nobel*estate, E
Sohlman and E Liljequist, are both
engineers who were associated with
Nobel for many years, -and. they devote
their entire time to the work, receiv
ing salaries of $3,000 a year.
War Profits and Peace.
The Nobel fortune was made by the
manufacture of war material of all
kinds, and it is, therefore, peculiarly
fittiner that a part of it should be de
voted to the promotion of peace. Nobel
was born in Stockholm in 1833 and in
herited the business of manufacturing
JSKt- l-r
-&
The Merchants Know
Bona fide circulation that gives
the best results. That's why
,.they use The Journal most.
23 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK.
IS NEXT IN ORDER
MEN OF SGANDIA
SETTLING TERMS
(For portraits of delegates, see page 3 oiT
this issue.)
Special Cable to The Journal.
Karlstad, Sweden, Aug. 31.The
delegates from Sweden and Norway
have arrived here to engage in the con
ference for the settlement of the union
crisis. The Norwegian delegates with
their clerks and secretaries arrived last
night. They are Premier Miehelsen,
storthing's president, BernerForeig
Minister Loevland and Herr Vogfc,
former minister of the interior. The
Swedish delegates arrived from Stock
holm this morning with their suites.
They are Premier Lundeberg, Foreign
Minister Wachtmeister, Minister of
Education Hammarskjold and State
Councillor Staaff
There is the most intense interest
thruout the peninsula in this meeting,
which promises to be a historic occa
sion. The leading lournals of Stock
holm, Gothenberg, Malmoe and Chris
tiania have sent representati *'es ami the
hotels of this quaint old Swedish city
at the north end of Lake Vennern are
crowded. The townspeople have made
elaborate preparations to entertain
their distinguished guests.
The Bone of Contention.
The main point of contention, it is
believed, will be the frontier forts, and
the Swedish delegates are expected to
demand the demolition of the four forts
at the southern end of the frontier,
which are thought to threaten Sweden.
These are located at Fredriksten, near
Fredrikhavn, at Or je and Dingsnid
farther north and at KoWgsvinger, near
the railroad from Stockholm to Chris
tiania. The Norwegians may yield as *$m
to Orje and Dingsrud, but are expected *M
to insist on the retention of Fredrik
sten and Kongsvinger, which are impor- ~^m
tant strategic points guaranteeing the *3l
safety of^Xjhnstiania. They can cle--^
cide nothing definitely, and must sub- i
rait the agreement to the ratification
of the storthing, but they are the strong
meto of Ifce.JJorwegian 'government, ana
no difficulty I looked for in securing
ratification of anyth-rng theyagree-to
The ptess of both, countries talks in
a conciliatory vfein and everywhere the
example of tlio peace of Portsmouth is
cited as a good one for the Scandina
vian conference to follow.
First Meeting Held.
The first meeting was held today. I
was agreed that erch delegation should
elect its own' chairman. The Swedes
selected Premier Lundeberg, and the
Norwegians Premier Miehelsen. Each
will preside on alternate days.
I was decided that the conferences
shall secret. The next meeting
will take place tomorrow. i
NO MORE WARS IN
THE FAR EAST
Anglo-Japanese Treaty a Docu
ment of Far-Reaching Impor
tance to the World.
London, Aug. 31.The report thafc
an Anglo Japanese treaty was signed.
Aug. 1 2 is confirmed.
4
"MS
Delegates of Sweden and Norway
Gather in Swedish City to
Reach Agreement.
INTENSE INTEREST THRU %J
ALL SCANDINAVIA
Pour of Norway's Frontier Ports
Likely to Be Bone of Con- ,v
tention.
A
The document is of far-reaching
importance. I affor ds mutual
guarantees for the protection of
British and Japanese interests,
even if the two contracting pow
ers are only threatened by a single
hostile power and assures the main
tenance of the status quo in the
far east.
___$-
The new treaty will be found to be
a powerful factor in insuring the peace
of the world, at any rate so far as the
far east is concerned.
KILLED NORSK GIRL AND HIMSELF.
New York, Aug. 31.Rene Sanne. aged
24, a Norwegian girl, was killed by her
fiance, Rudolph Williamson, aged 28, who
had paid her passage from Norway in or
der to make her his wife, and to whom
she had broken her promi se to marry him.
Immediately after he murder Williamson
shot himself. will die.
OSCAR HONORS AMERICAN.
Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 31.King
Oscar has conferred he honor of Knight
hood In the Royal Order of Vasa upon
Lowenstein of Memphis, Tenn. Mr.
Lowensteln has been a constant visitor,
to Sweden for twelve years.
explosives from his father, who laid*
the torpedoes and placed the guns at
Kronstadt, the great fortress that de
fends St. Petersburg. Alfred Nobel
was the inventor of dynamite and one
of the first to manufacture smokeless
powder. employed 12,0 00 people in
his shops and laboratories and 12,000
more in his petroleum mills at Baku.
stipulated expressly that in award
ing the prizes, "no consideration what
ever be paid to the nationality of the
candidates, and that the most deserv
ing shall receive the prizes, whether
of Scandinavian origin or not."
Former Prize Winners.
I 1902 the peace prize was divided
between Secretary Ducammon of the
international peace bureau and Dr. Go
bert, both Swiss advocates of peace.
I 1903 it went to Win. Cramer, a
member of the British parliament, who
published "the Arbitrator." Last
vear the prize was not given to a man,
but to an organization, L'lnstitut
Droit International (The Institute of
International Eight), which is com
posed of leaders from all over the world
among the "workers for peace. JSacla
year the prize amounts to nearly $40^-
"0
0t aSsl*^..^".-- 'M-

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