This Will Not Take Place Before
Tuesday or Wednesday of
ON A FEW DAYS
MAKE S ARMISTICE
REFUSED BY JAPAN
President Will Not Go to Ports-
mouthPublic Opinion in
Tokio Is Sullen.
Portsmouth, X. H., Sept. 1.An arm
istice has been signed, to take effect
after the signature to the treaty, prob
ablv Tuesday or Wednesday.
The delay in cessation of hostilities
is due to the refusal of Japau to con
sent to an earlier time.
A Surprise for Mr. Witte.
The Russian plenipotentiaries called
on Baron Komura and Mr. Takahira
shortly after noon and were in confer*, crowd, turned out to do honor to the
euce with them for half an hour. Japan guests who were to complete the link in
having indicated last night thru Baron the chain of the Canadian confedera-
Komura her willingness for an arnn- tion, and usher in a new province.
Stice, Mr. Witte supposed that he would Among those who arrived were Earl
find them ready to sign. Grev, Lord and Lady Robert Cecil, Col-
Baron Komura explained that while onel Hanbury Williams, A.D.C., Cap-
ias government was readv to consent to tain Newton, Sir Wilfrid Launer, Wil-
an armistice his instructions were that Ham Patterson, minister of customs,
this should not take effect until after
the signing of the treatv.
The discussion lasted for half an
hour, the Russian position being that
Japan's contention was without
precedent, and that if the armistice was
not to take effect until the signing of
the treaty it was practicallv unneces
sary. However the Japanese were in
sistent and an agreement was accord
ingly entered into providing for an
armi'stiee which shall take effect the
moment the treaty is signed. The
treaty will be engrossed on the treaty
paper of the American state department,
a peculiarly fine quality of linen parch
ment paper. Two of the caligraphers of
the state department have been sent for
to io the engrossing.
is officially stated that President
Rc-jevelt will not come to Portsmouth
to be present at the signing of the
The "\Jffork on the Treaty.
The text of the peace treaty will be
completed by tomorrow night or Sun
day. Full summaries, if not the actual
text, will then be cabled to Tokio and
T3t. Petersburg for the approval of the
respective governments, and by Tues
day, or Wednesday at the latest, Mr.
Witte and Baron Komura expect .to re
ceive final authority to affix their sig
natures. The subsequent exchange of
ratifications by the two governments
%s33Q "be simply a formality.
technically the formal cessation of
^Hostilities to be arranged today 'will be
an "armistice," inasmuch as it is tem
porary, pending the final exchange of
Neither Side Enthusiastic.
Both nations realize that, for differ
ent reasons, the treaty will not be pop
ular in their respective countries. In
Japan especially there is expected to be
E great popular outcry.
"We know," said a member of the
Japanese mission today, "that we are
going home to stones and perhaps dy
TOKIO IS DISTUBBED
Protests Are Sent to Premier Katsura
and Marquis Ito.
Tokio, Sept. 1.The attitude of th8
Japanese government indicates that
there is no immediate intention to is
sue a iormal statement. It is possible
that the Japanese envoys to Portsmouth
will publish a statement at the termi
nation of their labors.
Premier Kateura and Marquis Ito
are the recipients of numerous protests
and memorials against the versions of
settlement of the war as given by the
The Yorozu Shimbun, an independent
radical newspaper, attacks the peace
pact, opening its criticism with the
words, ''arise, brethren*" It speaks of
agitation for representative government.
It further declares that the nation
will-.be humiliated unless the people act
strongly against the Portsmouth settle
ment. It asks:
"Why should the victor be concilia
tory and the vanquished arrogant?"
HAMMERS OUT AT HOME
Witte Cares Little for the
Fire at St. Petersburg.
New York Sun Special Service.
Chicago, Sept. 1.Walter Wellman,
in a Portsmouth, N. H., special to the
While Sergius Witte is in America
winning diplomatic victories for Rus
sia, his enemies at home are plotting
Mr. Witte's enemies now have the
ear of the weak and vascillating em
peror of Russia. They are improving
the opportunity. The czar does not
like Mr. Witte personally, and we can
now well understand why. Since we
have met and talked with this emi
nent Russian, since we have had oppor
tunity to judge of the boldness, the
frankness and courageousness of his
methods, we can appreciate how at
times he must have talked too plainly
and independently to please the little
father of the Russians.
We can now well believe the many
stories that have come out of St. Pe
tersburg of Witte's telling the czar
unwelcome truths and trying to beat
a little modern sense into that some
what dull mind. And we may also give
full credence to the report that the
weak czar not only dislikes but is
afraid of this big? masterful Russian.
Mr. Witte's friends say he is the
real ruler of Russia. He has been for
ten years. He will go home stronger
than ever. He is going home to his
great energies to the upbuilding and
regeneration of his unhappy country.
I am told that Mr. Witte personally
cares very little for the slights put
upon him, and is not at all worried
over the plotting of his enemies. He
feels conscious of his strength.
BILL FOR $50,000,000'
About What Russia May Pay for Pris
New York Sun Special Service.
St. Petersburg Sept. 1.Tjhe Rus&
says that the sun) that will have to be
paid to Japan for the maintenance di
J\-*$t' rfi T
CANADA'S TW O
NE W PROVINCES!
Splendid Ceremonies at Edmonton
Mark Advent of Alberta to
EARL GREY, LAURIER AND
A MULTITUDE PRESENT
American Element a Strong Polit
ical Factor in New Members
of the Confederation.
Special to The Journal.
Edmonton, Alta., Sept. 1.Alberta has
taken' her place among her elder sisteis
as guardian oi' her particular destinies.
Last night, with streets garlanded,
and amid the twinkling of a fairyland
of gleaming lights, the viceregal "party
arrived. The somber pall of nightfall
had descended when the governor gen
eral's special train drew in. Mayor
aivd council, accompanied by a great
and Sir Gilbert Parker. This distin
guished company was well pleased with
the brilliant reception accorded them,
but reserved their energies for the pro
gram and retired early.
Edmonton is crowded as never be
fore, even when' people rushed in before
buildings could "be built to receive them.
The vacant grounds around town are
covered with tents, and all available
buildings have been converted into dor
mitories to accommodate the visitors.
Excursion trains from various points
brought in thousands, while the govern
or general's party and the agricultural
editors from the states, in charge of T.
M. Knappen, came in on special trains.
Great crowds also drove from the
north and east. The inhabitants are
kept busy catering to this multitude.
Concert the Opening Feature.
The opening of the celebration really
took place last night, with the great
concert at the Thistle rink. This sur
passed anything ever heard in Edmon
ton, and would have been a noteworthy
event attywhere. The building was
packed to oversowing.
A contingent of mounted police is in
camp on the edge of the river bank,
which has taken the appearance of a
Continued on Page 17, 4th Column.
PUT AT FINISH
Sensational Golf at ChicagoThe
Woman's Championship De
Chicago, Sept. 1.Finals in the fifth
anlilial Woman'? Western Golf Cham
pionship tomorrow will be contested by
two Chicago women, Mrs. C. I. Deering
of Midlothian and Mrs. Prank Ander
son of Hinsdale.
Each captured matches in the semi
finals today. Mrs. Deering removing
Miss Ruth Steele of Homeward in a run
away match 6 up 4 to play.
Mrs. Anderson won from Miss Annie
Palmetier of Kenosha on\ the home
green 2 up, by a sensational finish, hol
ing a 30-foot uphill put at the seven4
Mrs. Anderson showed her nerve and
great ambition to win by wading into
mud up to her knees in the big deep
bunker to play her ball. She got it
out, almost ruining her clothing, but
halved her hole with her rival.
Mrs. W. A. Alexander, Exmoor, won
the Homewood cup finals, beating Miss
Alva Sanders, Midlothian, 1 up in 20
Mrs. E. H. Sprague, Omaha, won the
final of the solace cup, defeating Mrs.
F. E. Donohue, Glenview, 2 to 1 to play.
GE FIVE YEARS
Officials of the Congo Free State
Punished for Barbarous
Paris. Sept. 1.As a result of the in
vestigation of Count de Brazza, the Af
rican explorer, into the charges of bru
tality against natives of the French
Congo, the government announced today
that the two chief colonial function
aries, MM. Gaud and Toque, have been
sentenced to five years' imprisonment.
The charge^ say the men compelled
the natives to eat a dish made of the
flesh of dead relatives and also ex
ploded cartridges inserted in the bodies
SULTAN IS OBDURATE
FRANCE WILL INSIST
Paris, Sept. 1.The French minister
at Fez, Morocco, telegraphed vesterday
that the sultan had released the Alger
ian citizen, Bouzain, but that he had
accompanied his release with a letter
not giving satisfaction for the French
demands. The government is determined
to press its claims until they are fully
TARTARS BESIEGE TOWN
Tijflis, Sept. 1.-The town of Shusha
is besieged by Tartars, who are well
armed aftSf^are massacring the7
Telegraphic communication with Shu-
New York Sun Special Service.
Greenville, Ohio, Sept. 1.In sight of
25,000 persons, Professor John Baldwin
was blown to atoms by the explosion
of six sticks of dynamite while 2,000
feet in the air. His wife and three
children were among the spectators.
Baldwin has been giving daily exhi
bitions of ballooning as a military prac
tice, at the county fair here. He would
ascend several thousand feet in the air
and explode djmamite at intervals. Yes
terday ho mounted 2,000 feet.
BUSY IN CHICAG O
Twenty-two Homicides in that
City During AugustLon-
New York Sun Special Service.
Chicago, Sept. 1.Twentv-two mur
ders were committed in Chicago during
August, the first month in which a new
murder bureau, directed by Assistant
Chief of Police Schuettler, has been at
work. In a majority of the sase the
murderers have been arrested.
Twelve men and four women we're
killed with revolvers during the month.
Several of the murders are traceable
to unhappy domestic conditions, two of
the men having been killed by their
wives. Four men were killed in stab
The coroner's records show that 108
murders have been committed in the
city in the first eight months of the
year, a total more than five times as
great as the number reported in London
during twelve months.
BOY BURNED BY COMRADE.
Hannibal, Mo Sept. 1.Charles Chris
tian, 11, was roasted alive in Union
street last night by another boy named
McLain, who dashed a can of gasolene
over the clothes of young Christian and
applied a lighted match. Every stitch of
BALDWIN AND rAIRSHIP
BLOWN UP mr DYNAMITE
clothing was burned from young Chris- I This is an increase of 498,775 over 1895.
tlan's back. The boy will die. Boston's population is 593,98.
Suddenly a great cloud of smoke ap
peared. It hid the airship from view.
The crowd waited expectantly, think
ing that a view of the aeronaut would
be obtained thru a rift in the smoke.
Then a groan of horror arose from the
multitude. The airship had vanished.
Searchers immediately began looking
for fragments. A half-mile away they
found pieces ot silk cloth of which the
balloon was made, and splinters of the
basket-like framework. Scattered about
MYSTER DF MRS.
BOM R'S GEM S
Discharged Servant Girl Believed
to Have Had^.Hand in the
New York Sun Special^ Service,
Stamford, Copt., Sept. 1.Important
developments fofc- the burglary at the
summer home'^Oi^^rmanners, and the
stealing of atfTgw^lteiinxl safe, contain
ing jewels valued afc4l&0DQ, are found
rin a threatening- n^j-e'wthich was dis
covered where the safesonght to be. The
note was addressed to Mrs. Bonner and
threatened to burn the mansion- if she
caused the arrest of the robbers. The
Pinkerton detectives are working on the
theory that this letter was written by a
A former maid of Mrs. Bonner, who
was discharged last autumn, for al
leged misconduct, is being sought. The
woman was on intimate terms with one
of the butlers.
Mrs. Bonner has offered a reward of
$1,000 for the return of the jewels.
Chief of Police Brenan and Officer
Heffernan have been investigating the
MASSACHUSETTS HAS 2,998,958.
Boston, Sept. 1.The population of the
state of Massachusetts Is 2,998,958, ac
cording to a preliminary report made to
day by the state bureau of statistics.
a twenty-acre field were found frag
ments of Baldwin's body.
It is supposed that in igniting the
fuse connected with the dynamite, he
fired the gas in the balloon, and that it
exploded, causing the dynamite to ex
He was thirty-seven yeari old and
his home was at Losantville, Ind.
It was with great difficulty that Mrs.
Baldwin was revived from the faint
which followed the tragedy.
SERVIC E PENSIONS
He Is Likely to Be Next Com
mander-in-Chief of the Gr A.
New York Sun Special Service,
Denver, Sept. 1.Corporal "Jim"
Tanner is in Denver for the Grand
Army encampment. The enthusiasm
with which he ia_greeted and the ab
sence of strong opposition makes, it al
most certain that he will be the next
commander-in-chief of the O. A. It. A
public reception will be given in his
honor Monday evening. He says:
I believe that the future of the
Gk A. R. will be devoted to the secur
ing of service pensions for all surviv
ors of the civil war."
Speaking of his candidacy Corporal
"Bob Brown of Ohio will be the can
didate against me who will put up the
biggest nght. He has the Ohio and
Pennsylvania delegations and some
A RICH REWARD.
Kankakee, 111., Sept. l.E. "W. Taylor,
a local real estate dealer, found a pocket
book containing $100 In bills, checks
amounting to $66,200 on a Birmingham,
Ala, bank, and a bank book showing the
owner had $196,000 deposited. The claim
ant, Franklin P. Koontz, Jr., of Birmlng'
ham, a negro, presented the finder with a
WHAT fWAGES FOR
MA E DISPUTE
O N THAT POM
OSCA IS A MOSTt^
Poet, Author, Fainter, Playwright,
Composer and OratorHis
Poetic and Noble Sentiments in
His Toast to the Young Prince
BY W. B. CHAMBERLAIN,
Managing Editor of The Journal.
Copyright, 1905, by The Minneapolis Journal.
Stockholm, Sweden. July 13.King
Oscar would have mude a world-wide
reputation for himself in the world of
letters, if the burden of kingship had
cares of royalty employ his time so
completely that for years he has been
able to devote little attention to crea
tive work, altho his reading has been
of wide range. He has, however, the
soul of a poet and an artist. He is
really more versatile than the kaiser,
who makes great pretensions to being
the most versatile monarch in the world.
King Oscar is a good musician and com
poser, sketches and paints in water
colors, writes poetry, dramas and his
torical works, makes eloquent speeches,
is a fine equestrian, reads and writes
eight languages and speaks five. But
he is very modest about his accom
plishments and makes no attempt to
display them as the kaiser does.
Most of his literary work was done
before his accession to the throne, and
while, as the duke of Ostergoetland, he
lived the life of a retired country gen
tleman, with no prevision of his royal
destiny. His works are very popular
in Sweden and they include a great
varietypoems, plays, orations, essays,
biographies, histories and criticisms.
Laid Many Cornerstones.
He has laid more cornerstones than
any other living monarch, and his
speeches delivered upon these and sim
ilar occasions make several volumes of
themselves. With perhaps the excep
tion of Adolf Hedin, the great liberal
leader now about to retire from public
life, King Oscar is considered the
greatest orator in Sweden, a country
where much attention is paid to public
speaking. He is not merely eloquent,
but tactful and witty.
I wrote yon soon after my arrival
here of the speech he made extem
poraneously from the balcony of his
palace to the 40,000 leal Swedes, who
came soon after the Norwegian ''revo-
lution" to assure him of their love
and loyalty. This was rough-and-ready
eloquence that touched the, hearts of
his people. The toast he prgposed to
his grandson and his new English
randdaughter at tie crown, prince's
night- before last is an example
of his eloquence on a very different oc
casion. The dinner was a select affair
to which were bidden only the higher
Continued on Page 18, 7th Column.
INDIA AN CHINA
ARE MAD E SECUR E
What the Anglo-Japanese Treaty
Does for the People of
London, Sept. 1.Diplomatic circles
are taking deep interest in the new
They are satisfied 'thnt it provides a
defensive alliance guaranteeing Japan
the fruits of her victories in the far
east. On the other hand it insures
Great Britain against aggression in In
4ia. The diplomats express themselves
well satisfied that it guarantees peace.
In German circles, the treaty is
looked upon favorably. It is expected
that it will be promulgated immedi
ately upon the signing of the Ports
BROOKLY N BRIDGE
AS A THEATE
Neat Piece of Melodrama Wit
nessed by Thousands of
New York, Sent. 1.The sound
steamer Maine collided with a barge
loaded with lead "near the Brooklyn
bridge today. The impact careened
the barge until its cargo of lead slid
off into the river.
When the Maine's bow cut in*o the
barge, the captain of the latter dived
down the gangway into her cabin and
came up preceded by his wife and car
rying his two children in hiB arms, just
as the barge heeled over awd seemed
about to upset.
In answer to his call a tug came
alongside aWd the captain tossed his
children to deckhands on board. At
his order his wife made the jump in
safety and the captain followed.
Thousands of persons crossing the
bridge witnessed the collision and the
rescue. MONSTE COA
Both Bituminous and Anthracite
Miners May Go Out in the^l
New York Sun SpeoUl Srvio. -v
Indianapolis, Sept. 1.The closing of
every coal mine in the countrybitum
inous as-well as anthracite^and a stop
page of the Coal supply next spring,
now is declared more than probable.
Both sides seem preparing for the
fray, and all signs, point to a desperate
struggle beside which the great anthra
cite strike will pale into insignificance.
The eight-hour day and a full recog
nition of the unions- by all operators
are the chief points a* issue,
Norwegians' Informal Offr_P
to Have Been $187,0
SWEDISH RIKSDAG MAY
THINK IT TOO IF\
Other Questions that Will Both*
the Conference at Karl-
By Associated Press.
Copenhagen, Denmark? Sept.
not been unexpectedly laid upon him, expected that the negotiations I
at the time of his brother's death. The Norway and Sweden will soon
been paying King Oscar.
1.Ite x. betw
a full agreement on the subjeet of t!
dissolution of the union.
Well-informed persons presijsie t'
Sweden will give up her clainl for
razing of the fortresses on thE No:
gian frontier, being satisfied,, if
forts are not armed.
The Swedish court favors toe can
dacy of Prince Karl of Sweden for
Norwegian throne, but it is*nt ce:
that the riksdag will accept she Nc
wegian offer of 700,000 kronoWY
000) yearly as an allpwance jor
eventual king. &
PROBLEMS AT KARLSTAD
Questions to Be Settled by the
BY W. B. CHAMBERLAIliT
While the delegates of Norway*
Sweden took no other formal action
the first session of the conference
terday than to organize and ado
rules of procedure, there seems litt_
doubt that a peaceful attd friendi
agreement will be made? perhapn gou|
as far as a defensive alliance."
The Swedish delegates, it is befievec
will not press their demands for th
razing of the frontier forts so far as t*
offend Norway. It is recognized th%t
some of these forts, especially that
Fredriksten, would oe of great vabae^'
case the peninsula were invaded by
forces of any foreign power.
Disarmament Instead of Demolmon
The Swedes, tlieref ore, may withdra
the demand for demolition and subset
tute one for disarmament. They epr
tend that there can be no other th&if
hostile purpose in keeping these fo
armed awd manned, and they argue t'
either the forts must be neutralised,
it will be necessary fct Swe4e irb
up a great system of frontier ortiflc
tions, fully**anned and gunired
The Norwegians on their
quite likely to meet this 'offer
and to consent i disarmame
will dispose of the most acute
Republic or Monarchy?
The other important question will
that of the ultimate form of gover
ment in Norway and the occupant
the throne, if the monarchy is retainfe
Sweden's delegates are alive to the da
gers of permitting a republic to be 1
up on their western border. They
believed to come to the conference wj
authority to offer Norway Kar^
king's third son, on condition thn
is well provided for in the matter
civil list. The rub, if any, is likely
come on that question.
A krisg must be provided with v&f
enough to keep up his kingly stattt^
discharge the ornamental function
which he is engaged. On the o%]
hand, Norway is a small country f
ited resources, and a population but
tie larger than that of Minnesota,
cannot afford to spend so much nti
on royal spectacles and kingly showi
Sweden, which is more than twice'
well populated and correspond!
richer. This must especially Jbe bo
in mind, in view of the fact that
people of Norway are largely^ reptf
cans. The people cannot understaj
why money should be wasted on
families, when it is so hard to
The Norwegian peasantsmuch as
love King Oscar^applauded the a
of the storthing some years ago- in
ting down the kiwg's allowance,
grumbled when a later slorthing
stored the old figure.
Question of King's Salary.
The civil list of King Osear amoui
to a little over $400,000 a year.
which Norway has contributed less*h"
half. The present proposal of Nor%5
so far as it is yet understood, is to
tinue to pay its new king what it a
of the new royal house of N
would thus have some 700,000
or about $187,000 a year wkh wl
maintain his royal state. This"tttj
considered too small by the riL
which may, as a consequence, reii|
consent to the candidacy of
nadotte. Inasmuch as King
made the consent of the riksdag
dition precedent to the Candida
his son, it is easy to see that the
tion of a civil list may be the e*1
a republic in Norway
Christiania Wants Boyal Oo
Norway would not bother witli
at all, were it not for the desire
government to stand well in thr
pean concert. They have a
ical union in Europe and Norway
to belong to the unionor at leai
ministry does. The center of mo
ical sentiment is Christiania, the
city, whose people would jget mi
the benefits of the royal soow.
tiania has long been .jealous of
holm's advantages this respe
has resented bitterly the fail
King Oscar to visit Norway mo*
quentlyv.and stay longer: fte-4i*&j
obliged under the sikaakt to come
year, but he made his visits as bri
ossible and brought hia^Jtbwedid
and carnages witl?~-&inj
Christiania wants a chance a#*
court. In. the country distritiF"
ever, the republican sentiment
and it may yet prevail. The
the conferen.ee now in session!
stad will have a large influejrf
tling that question.
'l'^ The JBOng'* Norwegian J
I Another question growin
dissolution of the anion wil
position of the king's Hoc
tates./He owns, besides the'
videcV foT him %y the stat
amount of property,
sonal. There are paint
of anciWt Norse civl
long to/ him and Bum
land x'th the bnildin
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