Don't Let the Summer Go
Without Taking One of the
Delightful Automobile Rides.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
CANADA TO ERECT
A TARIFF WALL
Maximum and Minimum Bates,
with the Maximum for
HISTORY IS MAKING
IN THE DOMINION
Work to Be Begun on New Law
in February:Serious Men
ace to Our Trade.
By W. W. Jermane.
Washington, Sept. 2.American poli
ticians are looking for Canada to adopt
a new tariff that will be as high, on
the average, as the Dingley rates, and
perhaps higher. It is believed here
that Canada is about to become_ a high
protective country. A ommission, ap
pointed to consider the general ques
tion of tariff rates, will probably re
port to the next session of. parliament,
and upon its report tariff legislation
will be based. This explains why there
is no Canadian sentiment favor of
reconvening the noint high commission
and why the American branch, headed
by Vice President Fairbanks, may make
a final report at the next session and
Maximum and Minimum Rates.
Canadian sentiment seems to favor
a maximum and minimum scheme^ with
the present tariff rates as minimum.
This existing tariff law was enacted
years ago, before Canadian manufac
tures had begun to develop, and when
it was felt that the country should
not discourage the importation of goods
which she was not yet ready to supply.
But conditions are now undergoing
a rapid change. Eastern Canada has
begun to compete with the United
States in manufacturing. More capi
tal, proportionately to population, is
bei ng annually invested in manufactur
ing plants in that country than in the
United States, and much of it is United
States capital, desirous of escaping tar
iff reprisals, high taxes and labor com
Western Canada continues to be low
tariff in sentiment, and this will be the
case until that section h,as sufficient
population to warrant the building, at
Winnipeg or other convenient points,
of plants large enough to compete with
those south of he boundary.
Lines of Tariff Cleavage.
In the United States the line of cleav
age between the protection and free
trade sections is along a parallel of
latitude. The old south, having no
manufactures, and, therefore, nothing
to protect, for years stood solidly for
free trade, or for a tariff for revenue
only while the north, with its expend
ing manufactures, stood for protection.
A manufacturing invades the southern
states, free trade sentiment declines,
and it is significant that in the gulf
states, and the states of the Atlantic
seaboard, where, within a decade or
more, manufacturing has been goi ng
forward at a rapid pace, free -traders
are not nearly as numerous as they
used to be. Ir it were not for political
differences, based on he old antebel
um sectional feuds, it is believed that Special to The Journal
he majority of southern states would Osceola, Iowa, Sept. 2."I will die
today be republican in sentiment. I on Sunday, Sept. 8." This is the
Canada, the free trade, or low tariff, statement made by Charles Armstrong,
section is divided from the protection 60 years old, who has been fasting
section by a parallel of longitude. he
provinces of Quebec and Ontario, where
he most of the wealth of Canada is
located, and which are also the center
of the rapidly growing manufacturing
district, are strongly fav or of hign
protection. They claim that tariff
schedules should be at least as high as
those of the American Dingley law.
The provinces and territories of the
Canadian west, being, like the old south
of this country, almost exclusively agri
cultural, and havi ng nothing to protect,
favor low duties. They want to im
port American farm implements on fa
vorable terms, and claim that Montreal
and Toronto are so far away as to
make it impossible for them to compete,
so far as this class of goods is con
cerned, with the near-by cities of this
country, such as Chicago, Milwaukee
Why Protection Will Win in Canada.
Rural sentiment, however, is in the
very nature of the case unorganized
and therefore relatively unimportant.
Rural forces are widely scattered, and
when it comes to measuring swords with
he closely concentrated and highly or
ganized foroes which favor protection,
it will suffer defeat. That has always
been the rule in this country, and it
will be the rule in Canada. For which
reason^ it is argued here, that the cap
italistic forces of Canada, located
he provinces of Quebec and Ontario,
will win their fight, and parliament will
enact a high tariff law.
Position of Liberals.
Premier Laurier has foreseen this
struggle, and put his party in condition
to meet it successfully. Traditionally,
the liberal party in Canada, which is
ow in power, is a low tariff party,
while the opposition conservative party
is traditionally for high protection but
Sir Wilfrid has, by shrewd manipula
tion, stolen the tariff thunder of his op
ponents, and the proposition for a high
er tariff, which is soon to come before
the country,_ will be brought forward by
him as the liberal leader. His manage
ment in this particular is somewhat
akin to that of the republican's in this
country in the campaign of 1904 when
thev appropriated the best of the argu
ments and issues of the democrats, and
thus helped increase republican majori
W Get the "Maximum.'
I is believed here that the new Cana
dian tariff -mil be a maximum and mini
mum affair, and that the first thing the
government will do after it goes into
effect will be to stick on the maximum
as against this country. W are so
closa to Canada that her manufacturers
insist that they must be more amply
protected than they are. I is their
condition of unrest that has led to the
appointment of the Canadian tariff
commission, and it is their influence
which will undbubtedlv shape that
commisison's report. The claim of
Caftada is that she can get justice in no
other way that the United States will
not yield in trade matters without com
pulsion, and that compulsion can best
be applied thru a general tariff act.
This act in force. Canadians believe the
United States will be rea,dy to meet
them on an even basis, and make con
cessions which at present are not even
considered. And whether this is the
outcome or not, Canadians believe that
the patriotic arguments is altogether in
favor of the high tariff wall. I it has
worked well in the United States, they
say why would it not work well in
their country? And if it has been
prompted here by patriotic considera
tions, why, they ask, are not the same
considerations as strong with them as
Continued on 3 Page, 5th Column.
TO WED WIDOW
2 Chicago Millionaire Who "Will Marry
Mrs, Arthur Oaton in London.
New York Sun bpecial Service,
London, Sept. 2.Marshall Field, the
Chicago millionaire, and Delia Spencer
Caton, the widow of Arthur Caton of
Chicago, will be married'at noon next
A special license was issued yester
day by the canon of Westminster. The
groom gave his age as 70 and the bride
gave hers at 52.
TOWN IN FLAMES
People of Shusha Flee to the
Mountains to Escape the
Tiflis, Caucasia, Sept. 2.It is re
ported that the town of Shusha is in
flames. The people have fled to the
mountains to escape the Tartars. Troops
are being sent to the scene.
A Muchrani, in the Dushet district,
the property of Prince Muchranski has
been destroyed by dynamite.
Prince Eristoff has been murdered
Armstrong,of Osceola, Who Courts
Death, Says End Will Come
since Aug. 1.
Armstrong, who is one of the
wealthiest men in this county, deter
mined thirty-one days ago to starve
himself to death, givi ng as his reason
that he had lived Jong enough and did
not wish to be in any one's way.
ow lies in an emaciated condi
tion at his home here and cannot pos
sibly survive more than a few days.
is an old soldier. When he first
declared his intention to starve him
self most of his friends treated the
matter as a joke.
FROM HIS CAR
Mattern of Des Moines Roughly
Handled by Motorman, Who
Did Not Enow Him.
Speoial to The Journal.
Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 2.Mayor
George W. Mattern was k'n'ocked off a
streetcar and badly pommeled today by
Motorman Carlton, who resented the
citv executive's endeavors to board the
front end of the car.s
Mr. Mattern was anxious to get to
the state fair grounds and had been
passed by four or five cars, which the
motormen refused to stop, asserting
they were too crowded. A Carlton's
car was about to *speed by, the mayor
swuWg upon the front steps.
Instead of opening the gate and al
lowing the mayor to enter, Carlton
swung with his right, striking the
mayor on the cheek. The latter held
on and the car was stopped and the two
rolled off in each others clutch.
Carlton, who did not kn'ow Mayor
Mattern, nas been suspended, the latter
having entered complaint to the com
pany. ANDERSON'S QUICK
CHOICE' OF DEATHS
Chicago, Sept. 2.Nels A'n'derson, a
motor inspector for the Illinois Steel
company, chose death by electrocution
in preference to a more horrible fate in
one of the company's seething metal
pits today at the South Chicago works.
Anderson was doing repair work on
the arm of a crane, directly above the
hot metal pits, and lost his bala'n'ce. The
only support with in reach was a live
The doomed man gave one glance at
the white metal below and caught the
wire as he was falling. was in
"THE GREENLAND PARTY"
Duke of Orleans Makes Interesting
Stockholm, Sweden, Sept. 2.A let
ter from Reikiavik, Iceland, written by
a member of the duke of Orleans'
Greenland party, says the expedition
discovered a new and unknown land,
which was named Terre de Prance. I
also discovered that Cape Bismarck is
part of a large island and not on the
mainland, as hitherto assumed. After
reaching 78-lft north, the Belgica head
ed in a southeasterly direction.
f\ v. **VS*
The wedding will take place in St.
Margaret's church, iust west of West
minster hall." One of its most notable
stained-glass windo ws iB a memorial to
John Milton and Samuel Pepys were
married there, and the remains of Sir
Walter Raleigh and of Caxton rest
Mrs. Caton began the purchase of her
trousseau rn Paris last June. Her sister,
Mrs. Augustus Eddy, is here, as are
the son and daughter of Mr. Field.
The ceremony will be strictly private.
Mrs. Caton was formerly Miss Delia
Spencer. Her father was one of the
founders of the firm of Hibbard, Spencer,
Bartlett & Co., and she wasa leader of the
younger set in society until 27 years ago,
when she was married to Arthur J. Caton
after a brief courtship. She was consid
ered one of the wealthiest women in Chi
cago. Mrs. Caton's, former husband, a
well-known whip and sportsman, died
suddenly at the hotel in New York city
during tha^horse show last winter. Her
wealth extends into the millions. Since
the death of her husband she has held
aloof from social functions and in the lat
ter part of June left for Europe with her
sister. She met Mr. Field after he went
abroad in July. Since then the party has
toured thru Italy and the Alps.
The extent of Mr Field's great wealth
is known only to himself. Conservative
men, who know something about his af
fairs, place it at $120,00(1,000. Some idea
of his Chicago holdings may be gained
from the valuations put on his Cook
county property. He has scheduled, and
his schedules have been accepted, $40,-
000,000 of real and personal property in
Chicago and Cook county. He has been
a widower for some years.
House of Vanderbilt Son-in-Law
Robbed of Its Jewelry, Paint
ings and Silver.
New York Bus Special Service.
New York, Sept. 2.Jose Aymars'
residence in East Fifty-fourth street
has been plundered of jewelry, bric-a
brac, paintings, silver, etc., worth more
Mr. Avm ar is a millionaire lawyer.
married Miss Lillian Vanderbilt.
The family went to Point au Pic, Que.,
last June to spend the summer. The
caretaker at 74 East Fifty-fourth street
heard noises in the Aym ar house last
week, but paid no attention to them
until Thursday evening, wh en she saw
three men walk out of the basement
carrying bundles and bags.
She notified the police and they
found that the house had been pillaged.
Gems Wprth $5,000 Taken.
William C. de Witte, a well-known
corporation lawyer of Brooklyn, asked
the police to find $5,000 worth of jew*
ry which was stolen from Mrs. de
Witte's trunk at Shelter island, where
she was spending the summer.
F1YE WIVES IS
THIS MAN'S RECORD
New York Bun Special Service.
Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 2.Charles
Tuller is under arrest here on a charge
of bigamy. The police claim to have
secured evidence of his marriage to
HiB first wi fe was Miss Bessie Davis
of Springfield, 111., who is dead. His
second was Jane Reed, whom he mar
ried at Monticello, 111. his third, Mamie
McGrath his fourth Elizabeth Brown,
whom he wedded at Areola, 111., and
his fifth and last, Eliza Lane, whom
he married at Sullivan, 111.
DOOMED SEN WERE
TAKEN AS BISKS
Writing Big Policies on Persons
About to Die One Form of
NEW LEAD STRUCK
BY N. Y. INVESTIGATION
Legislative Committee Unearths
New York Sun Special Service.
New York, Sept* 2.-~Evidenee of ex
tensive fraud in writing insurance on
risks kno wn to be bad has been brought
to the attention of the legislative in
vestigating committee. I is a new
lead which may produce extraordinary
The fraud is said to involve ma ny
companies. The indications are that it
is not confined to agents who are anx
ious to increase th6ir earnings, but that
there is collusion between officers and
Policies Written^onisDoomed Men.
information sustained upon
investigation, it ay be shown that
writing policies for large amounts on
persons about to die is one form of in
surance bribery which is prevalent.
It is the intention of the commission
to search this matter ,to the bottom.
Testimony has been volunteered by phy
sicians which will tend to prove that
such fraudulent practices have been in
vogue in some of the big insurance
companies for years.
Death Certificates Studied.
Death certificates of policy holders in
New York are being looked up and com
parison will be made with the com
pany's medical record. If a certain
person who was allowed to take out a
policy for a large amount died within
a year from eonsumptiqn or any linger
ing disease and the medical record of
that person kept by the insurance com
pany should show that he had been ac
cepted as a first-class risk, the medi
cal examiners of the company will have
Many Insurance Men Subpenaed.
Subpenaes to appear before the legis
lative committee have been served on
nearly all the officers of the Equitable,
New York Life, Mutual, Metropolitan
and Mutual Reserve.
This is merely a beginning. Forty
insurance companies Are doing business
in this state, and all of them will be
called before the committee.
"Blind Loan" Account.
"The $685,000 .blind loan account,
supposed to have been lised in payi ng
lobbying fee s, campaign contributions
and other improper expenditures, will
lje looked into thor^tr. and the men to
nehus N Wm
were made will be
& chairman of the
if necessary,* Cor
3 QteU, Jr., wiH
IS SENT TO SULTAN
Paris, Sept. 2.The government has
acfifressed to the sultan of Morocco an
other peremptory note, amounting to
an ultimatum. This note says that
the release of the imprisoned Algerian
citizen Bouzian is not sufficient, and
demands in addition, first, the payment
of an indemnity second, the punish
ment of the caid who made the arrest,
and, third, a public apology.
If all these demands are not granted
within a brief delay, the French min
ister will be ordered to leave Fez
previously to the adoption of coersive
vvvvv wwfsanrv nwev vvvvxvxvxTrjMtv'/t'jKt vvv v'*yvvvv'f:o*KvvajE.f.. %*f.9.xvxt.j.%'M r* JF/WM^
McCleary-He's good and strong, let him "carry"it.$^ -^^.a*^
FAIR TONIGHT, SUNDAY AMD MONDAY COOLER TON
EVENING, SEPTEMBER 2, 1905. 32 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK.
UP THE TREATY
H. W. DENISON. Sj
American International Lawyer and Ad
viser of the Court of Tokio. f
He Leaves a Note Saying He Will
Make Good in a Year's
Eushville, Ind., Sept. 2.O. Jones,
former cashier of the defunct bank at
Arlington, Ind., O. S. Bowman, charged
with embezzlement growing out of the
failure of hi scanning plant at Car
thage, and an Italian,' charged with
burglary broke jail today by sawittg
the bars, from a window. Jones left a
note in which he said:
In order to save myself and my rep
utation and credit I have gone to a
place, not far oft", where I may soon be
able to satisfy and protect those that
were the cause of my being in jail. If
I am given my libertv, in less' than* a
year I will be able o return and make
good tho claims against me.''
Charlotte Smith of Rescue League
Tells of 50,000^Marriage
New York Sun Speoial Service.
New York, Sept. 2.The trail of Dr.
George A. Witzhoff has been taken up
today by Charlotte Smith, president of
the Woman's National and Internation
al Eescue league.
Miss Smith said she had been aware
for years that there was a marriage
syndicate working on the East Side.
"This syndicate has men out that do
nothing but marry girls," Miss Smith
continued. "They have money to car
ry on a campaign with and make large
sums by the game. I am^ assured from
our agents that in the United States, if
we could tabulate a census of betrayed
girls who have suffered from this game
we should find easily 50,000 .women
that in the last ten years have been
married, robbed and deserted by them.''
Acting District Attorney Nott said
today that there is a bench warrant
calling for the arrest of Witzhoff on
two indictments of bigamy, in the
hands of detectives.
PROF, de HASTENS.
Russia's Expert, an Authority on In.
'VVJ 4* tv%vw.%vwti(t
KARLSTAD IS NOT
Swedes Refuse to Recognize that
the Union Is Yet Dis
Special Cable to The Journal.
Karlstad, Sweden, Sept. 2.The dele
gates appointed to settle on terms for
the dissolution of the union between
Norway and Sweden met again this
morning and discussed he Swedish pro
posals and the counter Norwegian pro
posals for two hours before luncheon.
All refused absolutely to give any ink
ling of what had been done, and the
rule of silence adopted at he opening
session is scrupulously observed.
A Swedish Technicality.
It is said that at the session of yes
terday the Swedish delegates took the
stand that they were treating with he
Norwegian delegates, not in their ca
pacity as representatives of the gov
ernment in existence, but as representa
tives of the cabinet appointed by King
Oscar, thus emphasizing the fact th at
Sweden doea not recognize Norway's
claim that the union has already been
dissolved. This is denied by Norwe
gians here, but the report is pubMsheS
by the Aftonposten of Christiania.
The Swedish delegates are assisted
by three military experts.
Feeling Not S Optimistic.
The feeling here this evening is that
if the conference fails to reach an
agreement with in a week, -the negotia
tions are likely to be suddenly broken
The Norwegian delegates aro not as
optimistic as they were on their arri
Premier Michelson of Norway pre
dicts that the negotiations will perhays
last for weeks.
The Narvik Railroad.
However, some of the orders sent
home by the Norwegian delegates for
clothing and the like lead the wiseacres
to predict a long session and much dick
ering before the final compromise is
reached. I is believed that the ques
tion of the fortifications has been passed
over for the time and the matter of
reciprocal arrangements on the Narvik
Offoten railroad taken up. The Swedes
want unrestricted transportation rights
over this railroad from the northern
iron mines over Norwegian territory to
he free Norwegi an port of Narvik on
the north Atlantic. They offer the same
privileges to Norway^ for that portion
of the railroad running thru northern
Sweden. N difficulty is expected in
reaching an agreement on this point,
nor on the granting of pasture privi
leges tothe Swedish Lapps in Finmark,
the northernmost province of Norwa y.
FOOD RAN SHORT
AT PANAMA CANAL
Gov. Magoon Explains Why
United States Went into the
New York Sun Special Service.
Washington, Sept. 2.-rGovernor Ma
goon of the Panama canal zone has
written a remarkable letter in which
he declares that a crisis has been
reached along the canal strip so far as
the feeding of the employees is con
cerned. The communication is "ad-
dressed to Don Arias, who protested
against the United States government
establishing a commissariat.
Governor Magoon states that the
business men of he region are utterly
unable to cope with the situation. There
is not enough food for the zone popu
lation and such food as is supplied is
sold at excessive prices. Before it was
decided to conduct the commissariat
every effort was made to secure an
adequate amount of provisions at fair
prices. The Panama government re
duced its import duties the railroad and
steamship lines reduced freights 50 per
cent by agreement of the -government
the commission, banks and other inter
0 i ests, the rate of exchange was reduced
to 2 per cent, having before been as
high as 50 per cent, and a stable cur
rency had been secured. Yet all these
utterly failed to secure enough provi
sions to feed the workers. There was
nothing left for it but for the govern
ment to go into the storekeeping busi
BAVARIAN PRINCE TO
BECOME A SPANIARD
Madrid, Sept. 2.Steps have been
taken for the Spanish naturalization of
Prince Perdinalm of Bavaria, who will
receive appropriate Spanish rank in
connection with the project for his mar
riage wi'th the Infanta Maria Teresa,
youngest sister of King Alfonso. /&u^?
ABL- LIGHT FROST WER LINES.
The Journal carried 27 per cent
more local display than the
"second" paperDaily and
RAGE IN ORIjNT
Cause of the Breaks in the Jap
anese Cables Explained Sat
TEXT OF PEACE TREATY
Saghalien, Perouse Straits and
Evacuation of Manchuria
New York. Sept. 2.Cable service jt
Japan by the Formosa route Vas re
sumed today, but the wires are working
Shanghai. Sept. 2.Shanghai was via
ited by a typhoon last night and th
morning the entire city is flooded, tht
water rising to a height of three feet]
This is the first flood which has
curred here with in the last fifty yea:
Portsmouth, N H., Sept. 2.The
of the treaty may be completed toda
Only two articles remain to be drafted
Two caligraphers from the state de*'
partment are already here to begin the
work of engrossing, and everything now
indicates that the ceremony of signing
he treaty can take place Tuesday at
the latest, possibly Monday.
A series of conferences which con
tinued until almost midnight last night
related to differences over he article
concerning the division of Saghalien.
The Japanese at first were inclined to
be obdurate, but an arrangement mn
tually satisfactory was provisionally
According to the Japanese, the undew
standing reached on Tuesday ccntem-,
plated a mutual obligation on the parti
of he two countries not to fortify theiitt
respective possessions on the island. A
St. Petersburg, however, there seems S
have been an assumption that the agree!
ment involved freedom of action upon^
the part of Eussia in this respect in tha
north of Saghalien, with an obligation
on the part of Japan not to fortify or
use for strategic purposes he portion
owned by her before 1876.
Saghalien Not to Fortified.
AEMY HEARS O
Neutral Zone Between Armies
The article relating to Saghalien Trill
be in accordance with the original
agreement, namely mutual obligation
not to fortify the island and obligation
on the part of Japaw not to fortify a
Perouse straits. ^n/ ^3
Evacuation of Manchuria.
The only other question which MK
mains to be resolved is involved in he
details of th eevacuation of Manchuria,
lne troops are to be immediately wt&--
drawn, the Japanese to the line of Mnk
den and the Enssians to HarbilB. Th#
details of the subsequent withdrawal
have not yet been arranged.
Tiro ^Mooted Points. I
The Japanese desired th at the wo*'*
describing the status of a Peroxwe
straits should be "open," ut the Bns
sians wanted it distinctly specified that"
no fortifications should be erected ott
Japan side, which could support a war
fleet, or under whose guns a fleet could
operate. They did not want the situa
tion to be similar to that of Gibraltar
which, altho "open," could, if Englan
desired, be instantly closed.
A to the evacuation of Manchuria,
the Japanese wanted the method and
time of the withdrawal of he troops
particularized, and the number of the
railroad guards'' which are to remain,
"specified in the bond." To penmi
this question to be left open, would bf
equivalent to a tacit understanding tlja
Russia was to retain her sphere of it
fluence'l iB northern Manchuria as,.
Japan in southern Manchuria.
would revive in a way the very situ4
tion that existed before the war. Oomr
trol of Manchuria might become a bom
of contention leading eventually to aife
Oun-shn Pass, Sept. 2.The first in
timation of a peace agreement betweei
he plenipotentiaries was printed
yesterday's issue of the Russian arm
From various sources the news of
agreement percolated into the commn
nities at Kochiatien a nd Gun-shu pas
Aug. 31, but comment wag withheh
pending sanction for its publication ani
the news is yet too vaguely kno wn o
realized to note its effect.
Arrangements, however, hare alread
been instituted for the establishmen
and maintenance of a neutral zone In
tween he armies pending their demc
The army as ad ample time to &
custom itself to he idea of peace. Th
men have followed he discussion i
closely as the delayed dispatohes pe
mitted. I was evident that the ide
of paying an indemnity was he mm
unwelcome of he Japanese condition
The foreign military attaches are J
pecting to be recalled and are arraj
ging for formal leave-taking of
Industrial and missionary interest
are already preparing to resume ente
prises disorganized by the war.
Cross at the Mikado.
Cleveland, Sept. 2.Disappo:
cause the Japanese govern
nounced all claim to iademnit
not insist on greater terrii
mands from Russia, Sinosuk
Cleveland's leading Japanese
has renounced his ajSegianc
mikado by taking out his firsi
ization papers. Others will foFIs.
"Andrew Carnegie Sai
Skibo, Scotland, Sept. 2
Carnegie says: "That men hs
to kill each other in Mancl
wild beasts, is a-matter for in.
gratulations by all. That pe1
tamed without compensation
to Japan is also a matter for
lation, because she began the
us hope that this ay be
mankilling between civ:
N O GEEAT FUSS I N
Takahira^Says All Such Eu
Chicago, Sept. 2.Walter
in a Portsmouth, N. H., spec?
Record-Herald, says: Mr.
characterizes as utterly without
tion the rumors that "the peoij
country are in a state of revoi'
the government or that a re
in progress. 1
"All those are idle tales,'
Continued on 2d Page, 1st
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