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COME IN HORDES
STATE FREE EMPLOYMENT BU-
REAU ATTRACTS WEAK ONES.
Host of Persons Who Are Always
Ready to Ask Aid from Various
Charitable Organizations Forsake
Smaller Towns for Superior Oppor
tunities of MinneapolisRush of
Applications. While the state free employment bu
reau established in Minneapolis last
June has been a great convenience to
the employers of labor, and to the labor
inb men themselves, it may not prove a
blessing during the winter. The estab
lishment of the bureau has brought to
the city many persons who will prob
ably call for public assistance to help
them in tiding over the winter. This
has .been disclosed by the officers of
the city poor department and the Asso
ciated Charities in looking for an ex
planation of the unusually large number
of calls for aid at this season of the
With a prosperous year and unusual
activity in the building and industrial
trades there has been plenty of work
at good wages for anyone able and will
mg to laboi. The weather has not been
severe, and for a time the charitable
organizations were at a loss to account
for the rush of applications. A little
investigation soon revealed the cause.
The employment bureau has brought
to the city a class which is more or less
dependent on the public, the familiar
'er-do-well,'' the crippled and
ro maimed, who can do only certain kinds
jn of work, and those afflicted with
ly chronic diseases, who are able to work
ppr in goi'
heal Tegi foui
nati hop* here
ON THE SHORE BY HAGBORG. PILLSBURY COLLECTION.
northwestdeverybody stateallprovidesthe work for
se No other inducement is necessary for
Th a cei
Th ga fox
THE LAST DAYS OF THE
SUNDAY, NOV. 12
RARE PICTURES IN THE
the floating class, which seeks to live
with as little physical effort as possible,
and the result has been an influx of
undesirable persons, who do not belong
in Minneapolis and have no claim upon
the city, but who aie persistent appli
cants for aid, not only from the poor
depaitment, but from organized charity
and everyone who can be "worked."
Many of them fiankly state that they
came here because it is easier to get
along in a large town than in a small
There are strong reasons for suspect
ing that most of this element has been
urged and even assisted by village au
thorities to make for Minneapolis
Minneapolis, with its numerous and
liberal charitable agencies, is the Mecca
of the chronic object of charity," said
Edwin D. Solenberger, manager of the
Associated Charities, yesterday.
"Just now we have on our hands a
man whose highest ambition is to ob
tain a residence in Minneapolis so that
he can secure public relief! He is
even willing to work a little to support
himself and his wife until the happy
day when he can apply to the city for
support without danger of being
shipped back to the country district,
where he belongs.
There has been a noticeable increase
in the number of applications for as
sistance this week over the number for
the same week last year. This is duo
to three causes: the growth of the citv,
with the natural increase in the pauper
class the influx of workingmen drawn
by the widely advertised building boom,
and the fact that the public charges of
the country districts are learning that
the support furnished by the cities is
luxurious when compared with that
given by the county authorities."
BROTHER DICKEY'S PHILOSOPHY.
De long lane is sure ter have a turnin'
but sometimes it turns into de jungle
whar de tiger's waitin'.
I once knowed a man who wuz always
prayin' ter make de gospel fly, out w'en
he seen de gospel comin' he did all de
Some folks is so lazy dat ef you wua
ter tell 'um de worl' wuz .comin' ter a end
next year dey'd quit choppin' wood fin
wait for free fire
You got ter tell folks all sorts er tales
'bout heaven ter git um ter make de trip
en even then dey hires all de doctors dey
kin afford ter keep 'um fum gwine.
3:00 p.m.Women only. Westminster Church.
Rev. F. E. Taylor and W. S. Weeden.
3:00 p.m.Men only. The Auditorium.
Rev. J. Wilbur Chapman, Fred Butler and C. F. Allen.
3:00 p.m.Mass meeting. University armory.
Henry Ostrom and John P. Hillis.
3:00 p.m.Young people. First M. E. church.
Rev. C. T. Schaeffer and Miss Chapman.
7:45 p.m.Services in all the districts.
MONDAY, NOV. 13
11:00 a.m.Good cheer meeting. Metropolitan opera-house.
J. Wilbuf Chapman, presiding.
12:10 p.m.Noon meeting. Metropolitan opera-house.
John H. Elliott, speaker.
3:00 p.m.Special service for aged people. First Baptist church.
Rev. Henry Ostrom, speaker.
4:00 p.m.Young people. First M. E. church. Rev. C. T. Schaeffer.
7:45 p.m.Services in all the districts.
TUESDAY, NOV. 14
10:00 a.m.Special Bible study. Plymouth Congregational church.
Address, J. R. Pratt.
12:10 p.m.Noon meeting. Metropolitan opera-house.
Rev. Henry Ostrom, speaker.
3:00 p.m.First Baptist church.
Rev. Clarence B. Strouse will tell the story of his conversion.
7:45 p.m.Services at all the districts.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 15CLOSING DAY
11:00 a.m.Special address. "After the Union Meetings, What?" Metro-
politan opera-house. Rev. Henry Ostrom, speaker.
12:10 p.m.Noon meeting. Metropolitan opera-house. Subject, "The
New Song." J, Wilbur Chapman, speaker.
3:00 p.m.Westminster church. "The Christian's Relation to Amusements
and the World." J. Wilbur Chapman.
7:45 p.m.Last service in all the districts. ,j
HE public library art gallery,
which has been closed for a
week now, in order to make the
necessary preparations for the loan ex
hibition, will reopen tomorrow even
ing on the occasion of the private view
to the members and invited guests of
the Society of Fine Arts. There will
be no reception formalities, except
such new dignity and beauty of wel
come as the array of paintings will
furnish. For this exhibition will show
that in the nearly ten years since the
last loan exhibition was held, the fash
ion of the new school of art, to which
the Barbizon painters gave the inspir
ation, has been invading the private
galleries of Minneapolis and ieaving
many a Co^ot, Rousseau. Diaz, Dupre,
Daubigny, Jacque and Millet behind it.
Not that the older and long-estab
lished canons of the academicians are
not represented the present
hic now nearlbyy covers the walls
the gallery. The old and the new
schools of painting from a Minllo to
a W. M. Chase are ranked along ''the
line." If one objects to the independ
ence of traditional art, which marks
the work of some of the younger ar
tists of today, there are vibert, Ge
rome and Benjamin Constant to please
the taste for precision of detail, and to
give the human interest.
Yet it must be confessed that this
is the twentieth century after all, and
there is full appreciation of the things
that lie in the broad sweet) from one
shore to another. The sealine and the
skyline furnish matchless curves of
beauty for a painter like Hagborg,
whose "On the Shore," a small can
vas from the Pillsbury collection, is
one of the notable paintings of the
display. These Norsemen know how to
put the chill of the Arctic circle into
their waters, and yet to sugrgest by
their envelope of atmosphere the prom
ise of summer davs. The waiting group
on the shore and the unknown eea be
yond so simple in subject, so chary in.
lines, and so delicate in color effects
still so brimfull of the dramatic energy
of the north.
A MILITARY DUTY
NEW DEPARTURE AT FORT SNEIi-
ING INTERESTS ENTIRE ARMY.
Instead of Devoting Its Energies to
Occasional Field Day Sports, Twenty
eighth Infantry Strives for General
Excellence of Entire CommandAll
Officers Required to Act as In
structors. A new departure in military athletics
is being made at Port Snelling. Begin
ning tomorrow athletic training of the
command interrupted for the schedule
of maneuvers in October, will be re
sumed. This is usual and customary
the new departure is that hereafter at
Fort Snelling the training will be re
graded as a military duty like target
practice or drills, in which all will be
expected to qualify under a reasonable
The development of military ath
letics, like that of military drill and
target practice, has been an evolution.
Target practice did not begin to re
ceive systematic attention until about
1856, and it did not reach the dignity
of a sanctioned system until late in the
seventies. Now it is regarded as far
more important than drills, and months
are devoted to it every year. There
is a complete system, and every soldier
receives thoro instruction. As in the
domain of tactics, American ideas have
revolutionized instruction in rifle
shooting. Instead of an elaborate
"manual of arms""in 29 counts,
load"as in the days of Frederick the
Great, when the important thing was
precision in mechanical movements,
there is now most thoro instruction of
every soldier, not in loading in unison
with a hundred others, but in how to
hit the enemy at a thousand yards.
"The only shots that count are the
shots that hit," has become the stan
dard of daily instruction.
Progress in Athletics.
So, also, in military athletics. Up to
1896 there was nothing but setting up
drills," and these were given only to
the recruits. Then, principally thru
the efforts of Captain' Edward J. Koeh
ler, master of the sworcl and instructor
in athletics at the United States mili
tary academy at West Point, began a
lively interest in athletics. For tho
first few years it was a purely volun
tary thing on the part of officers and
men. Anyone who felt indifferent or
lazy could readily get excused from the
exercises and many did so. Then
came the Butts manual, and several
others. The Spanish war and the Phil
ippines demonstrated the value of
thoro tithletic training, for it was found
that well trained men lasted longer,
marched faster, and came to the firing
line in better physical condition. So
athletic sports were encouraged, and
became a feature of some regiments, as
in the Twenty-eighth infantry.
But still the system was .faulty, in
that it was more in the nature of col
lege athletics than that of military ex
ercises. Field day sports, with a su
perintendent of athletics,' judges and looks."
MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1905.
Another semi-mariae, from the same
collection is Eic o^ "Garden of the
Vendramin Palace." Here the blue of
the sky deepens to the warmth given
by a Mediterranean latitude. The
white walls, green-ctowned by the sum
mer garden, rise out f lazy blue wa
ters below. Everything is sumptuous
color, but sleepily sumptuous. Even
the painting shares in the effect of do
nothingness. It looks as tho the artist,
like Corot, had dreamed his painting,
then painted his dream."
Another line marine, with Lionel
"Walden's free and vigorous handling
of waves and clouds is loaned by Mr.
Sweet, who also has sent one of Walter
Palmer's paintings, A Venetian
Scene," which arouses a good deal of
interest apart from its aitistie merit,
because, as one visitor said: "Now
've got used to expecting winter
scenes from Walter Palmer, I don't
know whether I want him to change his
Both Douglas Volk and Alexis Four
mer are represented in various of the
groups. Two of Eobert Koehler's por
traits, especially the one of Dean F. J.
Wulling, are noticeable. Mr. Brad
street sends a La-"
study of angels. S,r C. Gale loans one
of Charles Davis'-landscapes^ a winter
sunset, shoeing all the tone and qual
ity of the Davis method. Frank H.
Carleton send one of Irvine Couse's,
beside his Douglas Volk. The Wash
burn collection is represented by
Healy's portrait of Senator Washburn
and Constant's "In the Harem."
The Lowry paintings have the distinc
tion of one of the. few old masters
hung on the gallery wallsa Murillo.
Millet's "Ironer" will probably share
the honors of the same collection with
the Murillo and one or two other of
more modern schools.
But the Millet will( call one back to
study the eternal problem o#
labor 'it suggests. 'Bp.at bowed back
and patient figure mean so much of the
destiny of the largest share of human
ity. The shadowy interior, the bare
room, the peasant dress. What is she
doing? No play for her! Just work.
GARDEN OF THE VENDRAMIN PALACE BY RICO. PILLSBURY COLLECTION.
track officials, with only a few officers
at work, and these in the above capaci
ties rather than in their official capacity
as officers, served to develop the few
at the expen'se of the many, or to the
neglect of the many.
Developed Star Men.
Under this system, the excellence of
a companv was judged, not by the gen
eral excellence of the command, but by
the number of points it could secure in
a "competition," for which the post
exchange furttished prizes. Consequent
ly, the rivalry was rather to secure a
few star men, who could secure the
points and the prizes, than to reach the
inferior men, who most needed the
In the Twenty-eighth infantry this
has been' felt to be a false system. It
has been realized that the true principle
is to make athletics a military duty, to
be performed by and thru the military
organization. I is general excellence,
not a few athletes, that is desired. Con
sequently it has been felt that instead
of a few officers, acting under Uon-mil
itary titles, such as "superintendent"
and "judge," the instruction ought to
be conducted by all the officers, in their
official capacities, and that all officers
should be qualified to act as instructors.
This order places athletics in Fort
Snellin'g on a basis of straight military
duty. It is abreast of the very latest
military sentiment on the subject, and
what with strenuous target practice,
strenuous field maneuvers and "instruc
tion, and the strenuous athletic instruc
tion for the coming winter, it is thought
that the military instruction of Fort
Snelling ought to be up to the very
best in the army anywhere.
FREE MEDICAL BUREAU
Salvation Army Inaugurates New Depart-
ment of Relief Work.
The Salvation Army has Installed a free
medical bureau in connection with Its
relief work. Drs. Emily W. Fifleld and
Ada E. Talbot will give one hour of'their
time each day and will occupy an office
in the headquarters building on Bridge
square from 4:30 to 5:30 each afternoon.
Their work will be chiefly among the
women and children who appeal to the
Army for assistance and will be supple
mentary to the regular relief work. In
addition to these two, who have given a
fixed amount of their time, there ar
several physicians who have placed them
selves at the service tit the Army and will
respond to any calls made upon them.
Brigadier Cousins hopes to establish a
well-equipped office and consultation
room In the headquarters building and is
confident that, with the assistance of the
physicians and pharmacists of the city, he
will soon be equipped to deal with all
ordinary cases which may come to the
relief department. All attendance and
advice -will be absolutely free and medi
cines will also be furnished those who
cannot purchase them.
The need of such a department has long
been felt by Captain Miller, who has
charge of the relief work, and it Is at his
recommendation that the brigadier has,
undertaken to establish this office.
KNOCKING THE ETERNAL VERITIES/
"I know there's a good deal of preju
dice against Smoothun, but personally I
think he's as clean as a hound's tooth."
"So do Ihe isn't nearly as clean as he
work, from the' first day of conscious
childhood to the last flutter of the
womout heart. And yet, from just
such other women's life of dumb, un
complaining acceptance of labor's lot
have come the great rewards 'of vica
rious fame thru sons like a Millet and
The probabilities are that a great
deal ot nonsense has been written
about Millet and his methods, which
were doubtless the very things that
were spontaneous. Browning used to say
that he left his critics to find out what
he really meant. Millet might have
said the same. The chances were that
when the artist in him had once got
free from the bonds of his academical
training, the man in him reverted for
ideals back to that old, pathetic bond
age of the peasant boy, the furrow
crossing and re-crossmg his horizon
line. The horizon was big, but the
furrows were narrow. He cared not
perhaps did not" wantto lose his
rugged inheritance of birth.
Pleasanter to turn from this to the
rosy Bouguereau of the Pillsbury col
lection, the tripping healthful "Water
carrier," who can prove that beauty
and good spirits are quite possible, even
if a girl must carry a big waterjug on
her shoulder. -This is the other side
of laborthe healthful side. It shows
all the best of the Bouguereau method
both as to spirit and execution. There
is something wholesomely alive in the
whole ensemble. The exhibition opens
Monday evening, when the annual
meeting of the society will be held
previous to the private view. There
will be about a hundred paintings
hung, and as most of the groups are
small, the exhibit will be very repre
sentative of private galleries. Other
notices of the collection will appear
The invitations to the members and
a few invited guests are already Out.
All intending members who join now
will be admitted free during the whole
exhibit, which lasts for three weeks.
The doors are open to the public on
Tuesday morning, Nov. 14.
IN OTHER CITIES
BOSTON TRAVELING MAN SAYS
THEY PROSPER UNDER IT.
Boston, with Over Half a Million, and
Philadelphia, with 1,300,000 Popula
tion, Are Dry on Sunday as Arizona
Desert, as Is St. LouisNo Evidence
%f Business Decay, Either.
"Experience of other large cities
does not corroborate the belief occa
sionally expressed that Sunday closing
of saloons is detrimental to the busi
ness welfare of a city said E. L.
McWilliams of Boston yesterday. Mr.
McWilliams travels thruout the coun
try and is well posted on conditions in
the large cities.
"Notwithstanding the statement that
nothing but disaster can come to Min
neapolis because of Mayor Jones' re
cent order, there are several cities lar
ger than Minneapolis that have found
the Sunday closing system not only
feasible but beneficial, says Mr. Mc
Williams. They are cities that are es
sentially manufacturing centers, with a
large labor population, and all have a
large foreign element that is inclined
to favor open saloons on Sunday.
The best known of these are Boston
and Philadelphia, the first with a pop
ulation of over 500,000 and the second
exceeding 1,300,000. St. Louis, with
over 000,000 persons, has been 'dry'
for six months only, but the others
have been 'dry* for years. In Boston
it is practically impossible to secure
liquor on Sunday. In bona-fide hotels
guests may secure liquor with meals
only, and even this is somewhat re
stricted. The city closes absolutely
tight at 11 o'clock every night.
"'Philadelphia is as dry on Sunday as
the Arizona desert. The saloons are
not restricted as to the closing hour
thru the rest of the week, but every
thing must shut tightly at midnight Sat
urday. Pittsburg, tho under the same
state law, is a little freer in some
ways. Liquor can be secured on Sun
day, but for all practical purposes the
saloons are closed. The ll-o'clock clos
ing rule is strictly enforced and the re
quirements for securing licenses are
very strict. There ar* few cities in the
country where the business is held in8
closer bounds than in Pittsburg. St.1
Louis has received considerable adver
tising the last few months as a close
town, and it is, absolutely. The city
has a large foreign population. Those
who have investigated the situation
since the Sunday closing began say that
there is no indication of the city's
"Baltimore, in the 500,000 class, is
more rigid ^than Minneapolis has been
in the past, altho not closed absolutely.
Special police details enforce the law
on Sunday and raid places that are
openly violating the law, and many con
victions have followed. Washington,
D.\C, is about the same.
"Therq, are other cities of consider
able size and importance that are closed
on Sunday and there are several of
the first class, where the Sunday saloon
question is being agitated with a ten
dency toward strict regulation or abso
lute closing. Cities in New York state
operate under the Eaines law, and
altho the spirit of the law which re
quires that food be served with each
drink is in a measure evaded, it is often
difficult for a stranger to secure liquor
in the regular saloons that are running
in violation of the law.
"In this connection it is noticeable*
that San Francisco, with a license of
only $84 a year, has 3,500 saloons, and
was the only boss-ruled city where the
reform ticket was not successful in the
BEFORE THE PUBLIC EYE
Prominent among local dramatic or
ganizations is the Home Dramatic club,
which gave "The Children .of the
Ghetto" two years ago with flattering
success. The members of the company
have prepared three, one-act plays for
presentation in the Auditorium annex
Wednesday evening. The dramas are
all professional hits and well staged.
In the cast of the farce, "As Like as
Two Peas," are Misses Brin and Olga
Kaplan, Messrs. Jacob Gruenberg, Abe
Kaplan and Harry Sanford. A domes
tic sketch entitled "Drifted Apart"
will be played by Miss Suzanne Cohen
and Louis L. Schwartz. "The Lead
ing Lady," a character comedy, will
be handled by Miss Bertha Sanford,
Cornelia Gruenberg, Charlotte Locker,
Messrs. Lewis Hefperin and Charles
The Moden Dramatic club will pre
sent the three-act rural comedy, A
Country Kid," Wednesday evening in
A. O. V. W. hall, under the auspices of
Moden Tent No. 2Q, K. O. T. M. Tho
plav is cleverly staged, and the cast
includes such well-known amateurs as
Misses Clara Numrich, Myrtle West
phal, Bonnie Dangerfield, Mrs. Ed Sat-
THE WATER CARRIER BY BOUGUEREAU. PILLSBURY COLLECTION.
tler and Ed Sattler, H. Campbell,
Chafles Bovd, G. Bance, A. R. Larson,
F. Edwards. The acts will introduce
a number of specialties and songs.
The drama "The Penalty of Pride"
will be given Wednesday evening in
Holy Rosary hall, 2446 Eighteenth ave
nue S, for the benefit of Holy Bosary
church under the auspices of the
Blessed Virgin Sodality. The cast in
cludes Misses Louise Sticknev, Ade
laide Payette, May O'Beilley, Mrs.
Michael Kelly and Messrs. Walter
Adram, Ooz, Water iVncent, Ketchum,
Louis Shelling and John Gleason, Jr.
There will be a matinee performance at
3 p.m., and an evening performance at
The Ladies' Aid society of Tuttle
church will present "The Great Plum
mer Breach of Promise Case" Thurs
day and Friday evenings, Nov. 23 and
24, in the church.
"WATCH YQUR HAT AND COAT."
Saturday Evening Post.
A well-known southern politician tells
of a South Carolina preacher who, finding
the weather too warm for comfort, pulled
off his coat and preached in his shirt
sleeves. After the sermon, one of the
deacons of the church, thinking that a
newspaper man present might be disposed
to make a sensational story of the inci
dent, said to the clergyman:
"Did you know, when you pulled off
your coat, that one of those newspaper
fellows was in meetin'?"
"I did, indeed," responded the preacher,
"but I had my eye on it all the time."
BOUGHT H^RE CARRY WITH
them the assurance that the
'wearer will find perfect satis
faction our high reputation^
gives you that certainty.
Persian Lamb Jackets"!
Over one thousand Leipzig
dyed skins, matched in bundles
from which you can make a se
lection. We never had as fine a
lot, and they were bought before
the recent advance in price. We
will make to your order coats at
$100 $125 $150
We guarantee these coats and emphasize the fact
that the above prices"'will give you a nice saving. -/The
picture shows one of our $75 coats.
Garments trimmed with Mink, Baum, Marten, Hudson Bay and Bussian
Sable, Chinchilla and Ermine also reasonably priced.
,725 Nicollet Avenue
MammaNow, then, Charlie, don't you
admire my new silk dress?
Charlie (with emphasis)Tes, mamma.
MammaAnd, Charlie, all the sflk is fi,
produced for us by a poor worm.
CharlieDo you mean dad?