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ETTY HOWLAND ROBINSON
GREEN, -without question
the wealthiest woraam in the
"United States, of -whom more has
been written and less is known than
probably of any living woman of eqiftil
prominence, whose income is roundly
measured at several dollars a minute,
who eschews publicity, despises a fail
ure, and loathes a lawyer, will celebrate
her seventieth anniversary on Nov. 21.
As it will fall on a Tuesday, she will
pass the day, just as she does every
weekday wheto in New York, at the
Chemical National bank.
Besides rounding out her three score
and ten years of life, it will also mark
her fortieth year as a business woman,
during which period she' is reported to
have added fully $50,000,000 to the
$9,000,000 nest egg left behind by her
father in 1885.
During several conversations the
writer, has had with this extraordinary
woman? she has never borne any likeness
to the verbal and pencil caricatures
that have appeared from time to time i1
the public prints. Nor was she other
than a vivid, virile personality, with
friendly blue eyes and plenty of sym
pathy with humanity, as she sat at her
desk the other day in the rear of the
I really have nothing to saynoth
ing of any particular interest," re
marked Mrs. Green, "further than to
be thankful for my continued health
an'd interest in general affairs. I know
of but very few people who re busier
than myself or who are better trained to
combine business with pleasure. I sup
pose that is the secret of mymy foun
tain of youth." She smiled. "But,
you see, one of the rules of my life is
never to worry uselessly about things.
am just as ready as ever to stand up
for my rights, and I do the best I can
every day as I go along. But after
having done a thing, my policy is to
let it drop and take up something else.
The result is that business never dis
turbs me after business hours never
makes mo lose any sleep, in other
Her bright, cheery expression and
clear complexion were convincing cor
roboration of the words. A time-worn
walnut desk, which recetotly accompan
ied its owner to her present headquar
ters, appears slightly out of place in the
new Chemical banking room, but not
so the great woman' financier. Her
mouth, though determined, has moth
erly lines about it, and a strong char
acter shines forth from everv feature.
By- feminine rule and line Hetty
Green, in her seventieth year, is tall,
with a strong frame, hair still plentiful,
but now deeply frosted, plump but capa
ble hati'ds, and a manner emphatic and
forceful without being obtrusively so.
She has a soft voice and a matronly
figure, but when she leans back in her
chair and squares her face in earnest
conversation or crosses her knee and
points her fingeT in detainciation at an
imaginary enemy, she does all these
things just as a heavy, muscular man
would do them.
Occasionally, in her hurried earnest
ness, a final "g" is missing. Other
wise her vocabulary is one of blunt A'n-
glo-Saxon directnesssimple words gen
erally of one or two syllables, without
any furbelows. Her neat dress of plain
black was a replica of those you will
find on benign elderly mothers in scores
of rural towns. The skirt was of sateen
and upon her head she wore a crepe veil
twisted about her hair in such a way as
to suggest the Castilian mode. One
noticeable characteristic was the entire
absence of affectationno suggestion
of trickiness, hardness, or suspicion.
Adding' to her prescription of youth
fulness, she says that she is a Quaker
ess, and that her father early implanted
in her a habit of self-control. He .used,
advice. In these days of anti-matri
mony a girl may as well learn how to
get along without
Copyright, 1905, by Helen Irene Lutz. can tell her by the comfortable, well-
A&^X DEAR!" sighed Polly, fling- fed lines of her figure and the generous
I 1 mg down the morning paper wrinkles in her frock."
with a flutter that sent the Polly jumped up with a suddenness
kittete scampering to the other side of that sent the kitten sprawlvng on to
the room "There is nothing at all in ber train, where it clung desperately
it but eulogies on the bachelor girl, with clutching claw* while she trailed
'How to Make Dens Out of Broom- it about the floor.
sticks and Cheesecloth,' 'How to Be "Just like a man!" she exclaimed
Independent,' 'How to Earn a Living impatiently. "Always ready to look
Without Working' 'How to Get Along upon a married woman as a child of
Withdut a Husband,' I^ck. Always considering the mate-
"Well I suggested mildly, 1 rial advantages of matrimony to the
shouldn't think you would begrudge woman instead of the duties and cares
them those small crumbs of comfort and it forces upon' her,
to tell her, she is fond of repeating,
that if she would learn to manage her
brain she would know how to manage
her fortune. Thus she learned as a
girl to hold herself in check when'
things wTe not going right when, for
instance, she is being cross-questioned
by the legal fraternity, against which
she has an abiding grudge.
Referring to one occasiote when an
eminent lawyer strove to make Russell
Sage appear ridiculous on the stand,
Mrs. Green is fond of imagining herself
in the same position.
"Were any lawyer to catechise me
about my wearing apparel it would' be
a simple matter to offer to retire to an
akteroom and remove such articles as
perhaps his wife, might desire," Bhe
says. I would simply ask to retain
enough clothing to get back home with
out Anthony Comstock or the police be
coming agitated. No, such a question
would never be put to me twice," she
"By the way," continuing, "why
must Wewspaper men persist in saying
ridiculous things about me? Why, just
the other dayand it also happened on
a former occasionwhen I went up to
police headquarters, the reporters de
cided that I was after a permit to carry
a weapon. Absurd! Why should I go
armed? I simply called on Commis
sioner MeAdoo to recommend a watch-
man of my acquaintance for a place o'n
the police force.
"Why was I interested in the watch
man? Well, he had been'extremely
courteous to me on many occasions, and
I believed him deserving of a betteT
salary than he was earning as a bank
"Have you any idea of retiring from'
active business in the near future?"
"I? Why should I give up work?"
she demanded. I was never more
capable of managing niy affairs. Be
sides, business has become a habit with
me after so many years, so many years,
Asked on another occasion if she was
not weary of so much litigation,,her.un-
Getting Along With and Without a Husband
There was a dulcet iciness in Polly's era problem. He is like a cook or a
voice that was more effective than a janitor a sweet home life is impossible
shTiek of warning. without him and next to impossible
"Without wasting herself on a man. with him. Ofc'ly a diplomat can man-
The modern girl is too clever and brave age him and only an amazon can man-
andandall that to be tied down to age without him. The bachelor girl
the petty details thinks she has solved the problem by
Polly leaned back in her chair and putting matrimony aside and going her
allowed the kitten to struggle its way own way. But she nearly always winds
to her shoulder, where it began amus-, up. by turning round and going some
ing itself with the illusive tendrils of man's way in the end. She thinks she
her hair. is very brave and wise and heroic to
A husband," she remarked sweetly, face the trials of life alone but she
"ish''t a petty detail. He's a great big doesn't know what heroism is until she
fact. And it isn't the girl who has to has to face another's trials as well as
get along without one, but the girl who her own. Matrimony is a cross"
has to get along with one, who needs But old maids are erosser,'' I broke
advice and crumbs of comfort. Get- in.
ting.along without a husband may re- "Aiifd a crown," pursued Polly, ig-
quire hard work and cleverness aiwl noring me. "It may be very clever to
self-denial and a lot of things most be able to elbow your way thru life as
women do not like^ but getting along the bachelor girl must do, but it is
with a husband brings into play all the cleverer to be able to glide thru with-
virtues and a world of gen'ius besides, out friction. It may be very brave to
Supporting yourself and looking after choose the simple life, but it is braver
yourself may mean that you are execu- to follow the complicated one. It may
tive and syptematic and energetic but require great strength of mind to man-
managing ,to make somebody else do age your .own affairs, but it takes a
that work for you, and do it willingly feminine artist to manage a man. When-
and properly, meats that you are not ever I hear women telling of how per-
only. all three of these, but wise and fectly,well they can get along without
self -restrained and patient and tran- a servant, I can't help looking at them
seendently clever besides. Can't you read hard .and mentally inquiring, Ah,
always tell a married woman by the but can you get along WITH one?'
lines of patient martyrdom' about her That is the. whole secret of success in
mouth and the worry wrinkles over her lifenot getting along without people,,
nose?" but being able to get along with them,
VNot always, Polly. Sometimes you whether it is husbands or friends, or
'The husband is immaterial, Polly,"
A husband," continued Polly, pick
ing up the kitten and burying her smil
ing face in its fur, "is the great mod-
dimmed fighting spirit was revealed
when she answered:
"Yes, it is tiring. I have had much
to contend with in the way of persecu
tion? all my life so much to contend
with that if any one were to suggest
the' possibility of my children enduring
the same ordeal I would prefer to1
them poor. There is no placeno
country on earthwhere women' are so
persecuted as here. Our heiresses have
a harder time than even' the Indian
widows, who ca'n at least burn them
selves on the funeral pyres of their hus
bands. If they are rich they ought to
be contented, for it saves them plenty
children or servants. Do vou under
stand that, Teddy?" And'Polly held
the kitten up by the nape of his neck
and tapped him very impressively on
the tip of his pink nose.
"Meow," remarked the kitten1.
"For instance, Teddy," pursued
Polly, holding the limp ball of fur in
midair and continuing to address it,
"you may be very smart and bold some
day and run away and manage to live
in freedom and poverty o'n? backyard
fences, but isn't it wiser and nicer for
you to resist the call of the bachelor flat
and stay at home and keep yourself
clean and make yourself attractive and
agreeable, and get three ineals a day
and a lifeof petting? Of course it is."
"Me-eow!" wailed the kitten.
"Yes, I know it's hard at times,"
agreed Polly sympathetically. "It's a
bore to be mauled and bossed and made
tty do things you don't want to do. It
tries your patience to be shampooed and
brushed and tied up in ribbons and
shown off to visitors. It's an indignity'
to be drivett about by the cook and
kicked when anybody is in a bad humor
just as wives aremetaphorically.
And it taxes your brain to cater to the
dispositions of a whole family. But
you're only in the position of an ordi
nary housewife, my dear,. and- if you
have tact and a sweet temper and keep
yourself clean atod.attractive'" and Jearn
just what to do and what not to do} and
what to say and what not to. say
"Meow-ow!" implored the kitten.
"Oh, dear! sighed Polly, dropping
the ball o ur unceremoniously irtfc
her lap you 11 need tt lot of training'
before you're tain?4-int dpnlesticity.
I do believe you are a bora baeneiop
maid cat. You're too fond of inde
pendence and your own comfort to be,'
"Youfve forgotten," I suggested,'
."that Teddy is a gentleman."
"Well, it's the same thing," said
Polly. "He doesn't know'-the meaning
of self-denial or self-control. His fur is:
too easily rubbed the wrong way, He
resents his cross."
I wish I had his spirit,'' I declared.,
You have,'' said, Polly, exactly.?'.the
"You mean that I hate to be held,
by the nape of the 'neck?*? I inquired'^
jrieekly. '''/_.'.' ._ /C.
The Richest Woma Will Be 70 on Nov. 21
Mrs. Hetty Green, Tho Nearing Three Score and Ten,
Says She Has No Thought of Retiring Her View of Life
As for me, my whole life has been
a struggle against heavy odds. I have
been more abused and misrepresented
than any woman aliye Periodical at
tempts have been' made to declare me
crazy, and for forty years I have had to
fight eVery inch of my way.
"Take that story of my black bag,
for example. Once it was. my constant
companion, and a very useful one, be
cause it was just the, Bort of thing to
hold papers and things. Well, what
happened? It was made out that my
bag was nothing but a pursethat I
always carried bills, of large denomina
tion in it. At any rate, my friends
advised me to quit -carrying it, as a
THREE VIEWS OF MRS. HETTY GREEN.
"Yes, and you hate cold water and
to have your fur rubbed the wrong
"And to be lectured."
"Or disturbed, or tied, or anything
but catered to and petted and ad
"And I dislike to be dressed up and
shown off to company. Yes, and I've
had to learn all those things about you.
Those are the things they ought to
write about in the newspapers and wo
men's magazines. If we oWly had a
few more helpful hints to matrimony
instead of so much advice on how to
be happy without itif they would
only tell us how to be comfortable and
happy with men instead of without
them^ they would be worth reading.''
"But, Polly, could youtell me hon-
estlyCOULD you be happy without
Polly looked down at the table and
Ijegan tracing patterns with her finger.
"COULD you, Polly!"
I don't, know," she began slowly.
"You *see, I've never known what it
was to be without them. There are so
many things to be considered besides
the difficulties andtrials."
"The rewards for instance," I sug
"Ye-e-esand there is the rent an'd
the gas bill and the milliner's bills. And
before marriage there are flowers and
theater parties and suppers and danc
"Is that all?" I inquired in chagrin.
What. else, then, Polly
Polly "snuggled the .kitten up to her
"What else V\ I repeated, knocking
the-- astes o\it of my pipe ancT leaning
toward Polly and the kitten.
"Well," said Polly reluctantly,
there is always some one man to be
considered-rwhom one can't live with-
"Meow!" walled the kitteir. For
somehow in the little scene that fol
lowed, Teddy was drqpped to the floor.
i Mrs. ,^llis Rowan, the well-known
flower painter, has a collection of 500
pictures of Australian flowers, for which
German, government has offered
4*75,000 on condition that she takes up'
her residence in Germany and devotes
her time tcPthat countryf.
means of safety. Yes, it was only Com
mon sense for me to heed thei- advice.''
"What is your opinion of the insur
ance investigations and other .branches
of so-called frenzied finance?" was
"Everything will adjust itself," she
believed. The financial and industrial
condition of the country is perfectly
safe and sound. These outbursts are
exceptions to the rule, yes, exceptions
to the general rule."
With which she began energetically
putting on her bonnet preparatory to
making her daily rounds of the finan-
aLii._2L m. ir..
requests have been made
for entertainments suitable to be
given a Christian Endeavor
society. Here is a scheme which, car
ried out according to directions, will
afford an evening of keen amusement.
Each person is handed the following
typewritten list, numbered as I give it
below. Of course the "key" is kept
secret by the hostess or master of cere
monies. Provide pencils and allow a
half hour for ascertaining the objects,
which must be scattered about the
1Justice. 2The.harp of the Hebrews.
3The four seasons.
4Things to adore.
5Grub that makes the butter-fly.
6A drive thru the woods.
7.The herald of dawn.
9Bonaparte crossing the Rhine.
11A perfect foot.
12The swimming .match.
14Companions in the bath.
15House the colonel lived in.
16The young man's terror.
17The horse fair.
18Flower of the family. 4
19.View of ancient Tyre.
20Commentator on the acts.
21The best-known face of all.
22Relics of old masters.
23Going to be licked.
24A cause of the American revolu
25The Mill on the Floss.
26Charge of the Light Brigade.
27 Links of mastery.
28The great American, desert.
29Twice told .tales.
31Attack on china,
82Paradise. 88A messenger.
34Not by a iugfuL
36The light that failed.
1Just ice in a dish.
8Pepper, salt, vinegar, mustard.
4^Keys. 5Buckwheat cakest
6Nail driven thru two pieces of wood
7A toy rooster.
8Shovel and tongs.
9Bones across a piece of rind.
cial district. Before leaving she gave
her secretary careful instructions about
one or two transactions and said Bhe
was not certain just how soon she would
be back. Possibly she might not return
'to the bank until the following morn
For every forenoon, rain or shine,
finds Mrs. Green at her desk in the
Chemical National counting room. That
is, every forenoon that she is in town.
For her vast business interests in Chi
cago and elsewhere frequently demand
her absence from the metropolis.
Today her property is of many sorts
and her real estate holdings fairly
freckle the face of the country. Octo
puslike her mortgages embrace some
of the safest and soundest properties
in a chain, 'of cities extending from
Boston to San Francisco, and the income
therefrom flows toward her from every
national section and corner between
Maine and Texas. Railroads and steam
boats, mines of copper in Michigan, of
gold in Nevada, and of iron in Mis
souri and Pennsylvania, telegraph and
telephone securities, her wealth covers
all sorts and conditions of gilt-edged
Building from a $9,000,000 base, she
has, by her own genius and energy,
reared a vast and valuable fabric, of
which every strand is known to her
and numbered as proverbially as are
the hairs of the human head. Yet she
is as diligent in weaving strand after
strand, in piling dollar upon dollar, as
when she began, on the death of her
father in 1865.
Yes, Hetty Green is a strong, force
ful womana type that probably no
other country could have produced, just
as it required an ove'rripe civilization
to produce an Ibsen. The American
spirit of independence is incarnate in
herkeen, self-reliant, capable.
It is significant that she has no pro
nounced views about equal suffrage,
altho, as a simple matter of justice, she
believes woman should be enfranchised.
She has met and mastered the best
champions that man had to pit against
her, and she has done it single-handed.
Yet, to recapitulate, with all her ex
traordinary business ability and knowl
edge of human nature, she remains a
Mile, Merri's Suggestions for Entertainments
11A foot rule.
12Match floating in water.'
13Onions. 14Soap and towel*.
17Corn and oats.
18Flour in a dish.
19Old tire off of a wheel.
20Irish potato on an ax.
21Clock. 22Switches. 23A postage stamp.
24A tack on some tea.
25"Coffee mill on skein of floss.
26Electric light bill.
tV-Un*^- J\.M4 ^j.si~d'^i^^-^-*W'is'4^-i
27Sausage in links.
29Chestnuts. 30Piece of pie on an ear of corn.
31A tack on a china plate.
32Pair of dice.
34Knot of wood by a filled jug.
35Tooth pick and a wick on paper.
36A burned down candle.
When time is called, read the list and
award-a prize to the one having the
most correct objects. Serve doughnuts
and coffee, unless the refreshment com
mittee sees fit to prepare something
Twelve years of married life brings
the "linen wedding," and it can be
made a very pretty affair. Write or
print the invitations on small squares
of linen or fine cotton cloth inclose
these in envelops of paper made to
represent hemstitched linen. Lanterns
can be made of white tissue paper,
fringed., and stripes o red paper put on
to look like towels. The frames are
made of wire. Hang these from wires
stretched overhead, and the effect is
charming. Cover chairs, sofas, couches,
etc., with white and have all portieres,
draperies and curtains of white cheese
cloth. Use the finest df table-cloths in
the dining-room, and white paper doilies
may be purchased to resemble hem
stitched linen use these under the ice
cream or sherbet glasses. Serve a white
menu. Here is a suggestion:
Cream of barley aoup with whipped cream.'
White flab baked In rameklna.
Fried breaat of chicken. Creamed potatoes.
Apple and almond salad on hearts of lettuce.
Grape fruit sherbet.
White cake, ornamented with almonds.
V^Hj,, demon lea.
kindly disposed womana woman of
the worldthe busy martbut none
the less a. woman of heart, chary as she
is of wearing it on her sleeve.
She has original views about a num
ber of thingsabout her own fortune,
for example: I regard my property
largely as a trust. It is not mine abso
lutely. I take care of it on much the
same principle as you would foster a
valuable animal left in your charge.
Of course my attitude in the premises
was inherited. My father believed that
the money left to one should be given
over undiminished to the next genera
tion. That also is my idea.
"He believed that one who inherited
property had the right to spend the in
come it yielded, but not to waste the
Asked regarding the secret of her suc
cess, she smiles and habitually dis
claims being the wealthiest woman in
the country. "About all that can? be
said is that my investments have been
carefully chosen and have turned out
well as a rule. A fortune cannot be
built up around any fixed idea," she
believes, "or, in other words, without
the exercise of plain common sense. I
buy when things are low and no one
wants ihem. I keep them, just as I
keep a considerable number of dia
monds on hand, until they go up and
people are ataxious to buy. That is the
general secret of business success. One
thing, however, has been wrongly at
tributed to me, and that is speculating.
I never speculate. Such stocks as be
long to me were" purchased simply as an
investment, never on? a margin."
By a curious antithesis, Edward EL
Green, prior to his death three years
ago, was one of the best-dressed club
men in New York, while his wife was
certainly the least fashionably gowned
woman of wealth within leagues of the
city hall. Poor Spendthrift Green1,
Wall street named, after wasting, him!
He and she had very opposite ideas and
ideals. For years the husband divided
his time between hia bachelor cum
bers, where he had his large library,
and his club, where he smoked, chatted,
dined, and occasionally played a mild
game of cards. Once in a while he saw I
a play for a change. So passed Ms days
in a quiet, blameless, clubable way,
while his wife fought lawyers, dodged
taxes, and knitted her fortune more
She frankly admitted, the other day
caring nothing about the changing
styles. Yet with equal frankness she
admits having an excellent wardrobe.
But, in her own homely phrasing, if a
thorobred were harnessed to an omni
bus for forty years, he would begin tq
look like an ordinary hack. And as she
passed out into Broadway, taking care
of a fortune, she laughed, was some
thing like omnibus work.
Such is the richest American woman
at three score and tenthe Rockefeller
of her sexreplete with energy, ag
gressive, kindly on state occasions,
shrewd, epigrammatic, honest, fearless
to the verge of daring, a firm advocate
of religion and of the gentler amenities
a Quakeress who has amassed single
handed so stupendous a mountain of
money in the brief space of forty yearsl
New York Times.
Brass work can be kept beautifully
bright by occasionally rubbing with
salt and vinegar.
Tea should be kept itt either a tin or
glass vessel, which has a lid, as it isf
necessary to keep it tightly covered.
Rub kerosene on the zinc under the
stove once a day and it will always
Sprinkle salt on the carpet in several.
places. No bother from so much dust
and brightens up the carpet.
The hostess wears a gown of white
linen and for this occasion the host
dons a white linen outing suit. White
parasolgg opened and suspended by
white ribbon, add to the decorations
and they can also be fastened over
divans, making fine tete-a-tete corners.
Light the rooms with white candles sad
have the gas turned low.
A hostess noted for her originality,
has just issued invitations for a char-._
acter party." The guests will be lim
ited to twenty-four, and each one has
been requested to wear some article
indicative of a country or city, or to
come costumed to represent some char
acteristic of town or country. For in
stance, the hostess is going to represent
"Columbia," and will wear a skirt of
white, a bodice of blue, with a scarlet
girdle, a tiara of gilt stars on a filet ot
blue, with a tiny silk flag on the side.
Her husband's costume will be the typi
cal "Uncle Sam," so familiar that it
needs no description. A lady from Cuba
is going as a Spanish girl in lace man
tilla, high comb and red roses. On
man is going to create a sensation ar
rayed in a bright red sweater' and
feather dusters fastened in every place
they will hold on. He erpects to be
recognized as an aborigine "from most
any old place." A man from Boston
will wear one blue stocking, carrying a
huge volume, and wear spectacles. The
"lady from Philadelphia" is going to
wear her "family tree" in her hair,
-wliile a. maiden in & faultless np-to-data
ball gown will be recognized aa
"Paris." A woman from Chicago is
going to create much merriment by
wearing her husband's shoes. Programs
will be passed on which the guests will
write "who's who." A correct list of
the characters will be read and a grand
march will follow. International col
ors will be used in the decorations.
Questions on any subject pertaining
to this department will cheerfully be
answered. A reply will be sent by mail
if stamped and addressed envelope is
inclosed otherwise answers will appear
in this column. Address Mile. Merri,
The Minneapolis Journal.