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Haakon Haraldsson the Good, 935-961.
Haakon Jarl Sigurdsson, 970-995.
Haakon Mag-ntisson, 1093-1094.
Haakon Sigurdsson Herdcbrcd, 1161-1162.
Haakon Sverresson, 1202-1204.
Haakon Haakonsson the Old, 1217-1263.
Haakon Magnusson, 1299-1319.
*Haakon I Magnusson, 1355-1380.
Not of the line of Harald the Fairhalred.
Princess Maud, are first cousins,
princess also has the blood
Ing kings of Norway, but she
more directly descended. Ordulf, duke
of Saxony, married Ulfhild, daughter
.of St. .Olaf of Norway, and from this
union descended the royal house of
Saxony and Brunswick, whose mem
bers itfa^^ecj^l^yrecently sat on the
throned c#f HailolpNand Brunswick,
and^i^mle Grea^lp^in. The late
Quee^victoria, grantKtto^her of Prin
cels^^aud, was of th^hduse of Han-
ov5srj.|! Princess Maud^can also trace
he^Tlineage thru her grandfather, the
pjjjjee of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, to St.
Lfdtuding the Oldeabjarg kings who
furni^^l ten Tulers.
HE people of Norway are voting ruled over a eonsiderable part of the
of the action of the "Norwegian are recognized as real kings,
government in calling Prince Karl of Karl will become Haakon I
have been that the call
tained by- a big majority. Prince Ear_l
will, it is said, take the title of Haakon
VII, as the successor of the last inde
pendent king of Norway, Haakon VI.
Genealogists give him three lines of
descent from Haxald Haarfagre (the
Fairhaired), who first united Norway
uncler one rule, out none are xn the
direct male line. The first line is thru
his grandfather, Christian IX, king of known as Haakon "VH,
Denmark, who is descended thru a fe
male line from Fredrik V. The next is
thru his grandmother, Queen Louise, It is an interesting story how Harald
who was a princess of Holland. Then Haarfagre mades himself master'of Nor-
he has a third fine pf descent thru 7- J*
will be sus-
Hans, the younger, duke of Schleswig Black) he
and Holstein, a son of Christian III JJ*
of Sweden and Norway an brothe of
-cr T,^^ -*T +v
All these to., united Hkm V, the ^r*
last Norwegian king of the house of
Harold, the Fairhaired. for
Prince Karl is also a descendant from wa
*ov.t.AT of Xarl or Oharlea XV. kinc Harald
the 'Norwegian Bernadotte line, his Svealanudi anod
Denmal^^uring -i^eir union. Prince
Kyrre, the peaceful Magnus Barfod
(Barefoot), Haakon Sverresson, Haak-
Haakonsson, the old, and Haakon V.
Magnusson of the Harald line, Chris
tion IV, the greatest of the Danish
kings and one of the leaders of the
Eeformation, as -well as his more or less
famous predecessors and successors.
It would be eminently proper, when
While^ most authorities
Sr eiff^^^^ons sirice the day's' of of the" city.
erandson thru the ^female
teases* *...ntfifejt ffef
today on approval oration country for the short perioH? ayear ^ening of Hunger fjord.^ He^as
Denmark as king. The indications ^aJionaJarl, as his name indicates, rougin w^ vkne *-J
^the Half dan Syart
really was called, was ever victorious
One of his enemies was Gange-Rolf,
(Rollo the Walker),_who later Deoame
Jarl in Normandy and was an ancestor
of William the Conqueror of England.
How many sons Harald Haarfagre had
is not known, but there were at least
twenty, for he had many wives which
seemed to be quite proper in those
One son was Erik Bloodaxe, who
fully lived up to his gory name by
killing off his brothers and their sup
porters. Before his death Harald had
sent his young son Haakon to England,
where he became a foster brother
~w w-o O
ancien ancestor,e Princese
aol rx-P XTtrmi UMMMI Jt Tl...i..i./Ti "EVi ir *a anna IHTITTI *J lo
recognized much beyond Oplandene and
Trondhjem. Many historians exclude
these two monarchs and it is safe to
onij earl and nominally a vas peare the offing. All that ^^J^J^ __,.
sal of King Harald Bluetootth (Blaa
tand) of Denmark., Yrho aseiatecl Mm in had come to give toattle. The invading
conquering Norway. Moreover, he was force was greatly superior, some skalds ^^j
ijora. He paid court to Gyda, daughter
Hord S g^
roudl hft( WQr whe
eKintg- i a i Kin
worfet r,A^r +n
a daughter of Kar or Charle XV king Haral swor never to cut com his shouted Haakon, and pressed forward
a J i AT^^^ro^- K^r.+V,fi,r rrP hj^r until hfl Tiilfld over th Antfrn Tri+ xfT^^Tal-P of V.io'oirJo VaUed Upon
until he ruled entire
country. Harald literally waded in
world what earnest pens
Prince Karl assumes the title of Haakon o Tui T^_^ ._ -v.
VII, if his queent should tak the nam
gold and his mighty sword, Kvernbit,
i JU. ii. xu mv
Altho a good viking, he preferred lasson's famous Heimskringla, where
peace "and encouraged it among his fol- he is called Haakon the Good.
lowers when lie took the throne. Many Erik's sons now had the field to
wise laws he gave his people and the themselves and ravaged the country far
country advanced lapidly. His attempts and wide. In one of their raids two
to Christianize the people were met of the brothers, Harald and Erling, sur-
with resistance and contempt by the rounded the house where Sigurd Jarl
peasants and aroused in the king a most was feasting, and Jburned it to thethe
unchristian wrath. Several times he ground with all the guests.
wa forced to sacrifice to heathen gods
in order to retain his throne.
Sigurd Jarl'.s son was Haakon, Jarl.
For^ thirteen years he on a
the Good, fought his'laste
sallied forth. his side was
died Thi in 96 1 anJ he had then
reigned twenty-six years.
arms, ruled most of Norway from 970 ances were not installed because the old houses and constructed new, ones, worked
to 995. and Haakon Magnusson, who buildings were not thought to be worth, smaller perhaps, but better and more calculated
nd\Titt^wiseiy"expettde?"caii- Set" was* a7lowed"to "run "downr The would permit
ofStord, at th protectedcarried by 1
battle raged fiercely and King Haakon,
easily' distinguished by his glittering
helmet, was the target for a Jiawer of **&*.
arrows and spears. Seeing this an atmany
tendant threw a cloth cap over the hel
HideB the Norsemen's king or has
mother, Crown Princess Louise, being mark she would become his The you will find the Norsemen's king," vLT ^tl\ n^ l+
The champions clashed. Oyvind_aimed
As Prince Karl and his consort, blood to the throne, Up and down the his"sword atthe king, but T^oTalf ga XHJ^ ^l^Zt^L Maoxr
ber of priests and dhurchmen+ werre^se^-t-
fl+rt^ 0+ he was forced to flee, to Denmark,
peasants thereabout when word was his nephew Guld (Gold) -Harald
feik's .on, with a large army of Dane, ^Mjngrt. co ?q!
asBume that the next "king" wiH be Thoralf the strong, anTthese two were Orkneys with their mother, Gunhild, Onnen La!^ being in front.
TTi -trr wn
alf the*, killed Alf. Erik's sons and
the Danes fled to their ships. .The
Haakon was terrific- the -pursuit Then one dayAs
Karl canlay claim to having the blood tianity. Haakon is often known as and do penance for his sins, but if he land and neighboring isles four more given a king's name tho he ruled over beloved by the' peasantry and might
.o,H^0 4 the AV...t three _-x" .e ih'e _ir-.._
agree that districts in other citieB, but the eon- fox the purpose of general uplift WOTK apartment houseBfwit all modern,con
^Haakon VJTj some chronologies of banded together to make this quarter first plans suggested,was that themem- to-dato duplex house is Wo
tne kings ".of Norway -en^lmerata-.OJe_of tj^^rjghtestjresidence_~~ districts7,bers of all congregations shquld strive thing .of,curiosilS&~ structio'n,'
i 'TUB MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL: &$%? Sunday, November
He succeeded and killed the Nor
fights with the Jomsvikings from
the Baltic and the sons of Erik who
dashec across the 3STorth sea whenever
with thoralf at his'side. Harald compelled Haakon Ja7fan~d a&T^E^TJJ ^JSSLn
TTO.VOT, t S illi.*- 4r,l&^ ^H*i. force, killed Guld-Harald and possessed they were his largest. Prudence would fell thickest.
Haakon put on his helmet inlaid with
twf remaining eons fl*i_ t. the
'the stoutest of all. Oyvind Skroya and
Alf Askma-nd, uncles of the Erik sons, ruled hj .four^ sons
were the champions on their side. The "a
to rule until OQjEL^when he wa!s mur-boar
tn'foiw-fcfc sample. A nunl.- ^f
uous reign he had x,
._-._'_. island. wnT TTa^iH -ornn mAT.Tncr xpith .t^ ..-.f- i c loved anaBmvoqlrworsnipped. even
i^*aA TTooW 'd n^a frJiVfl Emperor Otta (Otho). latter preyf ^ake-my-boV^shouted King Olaf *LmaJre
drove the entirwithou
ashore and sailed-h^me them who off his mail from England.' a babe in"arms he*
King~ AThelstane" and^'embraTedChris^ lived he would go to a Christian land fought and plundered Scotland and Ire- viking cruise as a' boy of 12. He was Barfot. Haakon, however, was greatly
of twenty-one Norwegian kings in his Adalstenfostre, from his relations with died there in "heathendom his chiefs years. no land. He harried the coast of Swe- have given Magnus a strongfight,as
veins while Princess Maud has the the English king.
game'royal blood with the addition of Erik's cruelty caused the people to best., So they took his body to Seim well received. Haakon Jarl fled to father, then to Finland and later to in the Dovre mountains while hunting,
that of St. Olaf. These figures do not reyolt and he was forced to flee. Haak- in Nordhordland, threw up a big mound Guldalen with his servant Kark. One Denmark, everywhere winning battles He is not properly counted a king of
include various petty kings who ruled on, then a ladof 15, set sail from Eng- and there buried the king in full ar- night Kark murdered the earl, cut off and wealth. He fought the English at Norway.
over smaller parts of the country. land and was received as king at Trond- mor. The heathen rites were performed his head and carried I to Olaf Try- London and Canterbury, captured the *f 4*.
Among some of their famous ances- hjem, then called Nidaros. He bore a and showed him to Valhalla. His ^aga gvasson for a reward. Olaf promptly places and was ever victorious. He The second real Haakon was a son
tors were Harold Haardraade, Olaf striking resemblance to his famous fath- is entertainingly told in Snorre Stur- ordered the faithless Kark beheaded, gave Normandy-a touch of the high of Sigurd Mund (mouth), who reigned
N A FEW years Minneapolis will be it. Of course the renters would not sanitary. Those who could "not afford district. Except,where brick and stone neapolis, or many of .them, know1
mad. xnis city,, w^nich uva uciween aniu
and Twelfth avenues N and between
Washington and Fremont avenues, is gregations in city Aboux most of ground ha!s changeJ hands, b_ th0e Bljricte,st'' barrier agajns
in' much better condition than similar years ago they formed a union society to Jewish owneraC Several modern great^ -white plague'' which hass
all the Nor^^^^.^^-.
priestly ere* ^.._.-_t
came Olaf Tiygvasson.'"W^e
was pierced in the arm by an arrow. had been pursued by Gunhild, who but he held,his shield over his head,
The bjooa could not be stanched. He sought his life. His mother fled from and'weighted with armor sank in the
saw that, rbis end was near and set place to place and eventually to Swed- waters. Every man on Ormen Lange
course for Aalrekstader, his own estate, en. While a mere lad he was sold in followed Jjis example. This was onof
but was compelled to landat Haakons- slavery in Esthonia, discovered by his Sept. 9^^)00.
hellen, where he ^wa^s bor^Tand there he uncle, then a mighty chief in Gardarike-
_-...a. mi_jwas J_ n/ji v_a xv
(_jUSB_aj There Olaf became a great Fifteen years later there came to the ____,,__
able to show to all tlie other large nxalte improvements at their own ex- a new t)uiliin Tepaixed the old on and xow3 axe to 1e put up, ample space experience the .privations and horror of j"*jCe-
ta will towards building up a mod Jewis people then were n-o in a way I the last three years scores of new, association, urges ^those who have not value of prevention. Maenus was'elected kine of Sw Je"111?
em Jewry. Today the Jewish quarter to better their condition to any great homelike cottages have sprung up wliere enough money to build right, to wait The importance of the Hebrew popu-
city whic lies between Sixth extent. 7 th^unrbledownrsh*eks-pnce stood. Two unj^l ^ey, c^U^c^umulate^more capital, lation in Minneapolis is often uWder-
There are now eight orthodox cdn- new synagogues have been built aid Plenty, of air"and"Yawn, tthey say, will estimated by those who do not know
homea and that the C^ *Vt-' 'I l.i
and until 'Haakon VI'Magnusson great people rented their-homes ane the prop- of th old, houses werwere jpurchased. ."The blocks'as well.aa new.^residences are enthusiastic'in the fight foro good homes' sick and pooof'likd
Prince^^afl'^will take the title of gregations of all the synagogues have among their owtt people. One of the venienees have b6en built ftna*the up- York, Paris andVienna. .Health and-entirely on Jewish,capital are many and i^nen Haakon- murri|^'Margaret" of
"HaraM^ the}-.Fairhaired (Haarfagre),- In'all there are more than 10,000_He- society should give what, suppprt it,. Encouraged, byf the success obtained ist he "necessity qf a-hospital. The cost is said to be more jthaW $5,000,000.while. succeed^l)y' his y,p^ig^n,''^af, who
who^'$nded' the long line of -brews in 'Minneapolis and the majority could to the undertaking. Financial in so short time the united congrega- of a'hospital put'into'better homes will their real"estate holdings are enormous, lived only ^eW^-i^^Afajgaret took
Vikina JBlers' tSuat reigned ov.er as~ of them liveTOthe ^istnot descrip^d. conditions were begiiming to lmpijove tiona have laid-plans fox more rapid ultimately
mucn* of*Norway as they'could" conquer Until a few^ years' ago most of 1%ese at that time and within, a year many and wider .improvement.,-, New business Nearly eyery Hebrew in,the city is. trouble. T.hey take care of their own^hands, bot^t igoverjmfi|[j,| Dgn#[a| andher Iforway
line of e*t owners" as long as th rent was ownere.i most cases glad to ,86,11 be^ constructed and rented to the,manto entirely" by the, residents the-dis from those faith FirianciaUy remarkablelected woma
jaaakon V,-thelaWt ofHhe^raee-of Har forthcoming, did-not care toimprove and the movement, began -to grow, merchantap:who' sappi^ the Ghetto with trict, *'but imanyj-persoWs now~ living in they'ar-e an independen.t_ in^ Min- Calmar^which boand: '^plway and Den-
ald.' If Haakon Jarl, who, by^force the buildings. 'Modern sanitary appli- Those who were' able tore doWn*,theT" eye^ry necessity..
l tiL.^A The lio-hter ibim. belnc faster went fa to settle disoutesthat wa
ship 8 xUhMm hav
e the real ruler because
Olaf- comratf&ded. battle and rasistec
Haakon Jarl was now master of the attacking vessels came within reach,
greater part of Norway and continued
It was a blolpdy contest. When the
toe hold'the ships together, and
Haral to bThe baptize anf m^_ A iKyi
^?d= weal,.-too 4eak is the chief- JSt*^
weal, -too weak is the chiefs
he? 8 oute
was ready i^.if away,1'seized^
warrior and Viking and eventually throne of Norway, Olaf Haraldsson, Haakon was elected king1
started out as an independent chief, har- called in saga "den Hellig5 (the holy) g^a i
rying the coasts of the Baltic for years, and he is the St. Olaf of history, patron ter brother, Tore', he carried on some
his deathbed he said that had he Then he went to the British Isles and saint of Norway. He went on MB first warfare, but did not oppose Magnus
should give him the burial they thought Finally he went to Norway and was den out of revenge for thedeath of his he was preparing to do, when he died
How Minneapolis Jews Are Improving the Condition of Their People
Haral panied'by the Jomsvikings in eleven deeds. His efforts to make Christians Another short-lived king was Haakon
king and ships, but they did not know of the bat- of the Norwegian vikings were hardly Sverreson,who was handsome and^ brave.
be the Olaf had sixty vessels, including his mity thepeasants rose against him.
rmen Lange (Long Serpent).r In those days there was onlsy way J*
er_H.raia_ raafeld ThMiglter .Mpa, ber^faj^wer^ far to^.^pute^tha^to ight.^
ahead, and so it happened that when
Olaf unexpectedly encountered the com- lestad. The peasants, according to
dictated flight, but the doughty dy fighters and pressed for-
to hand with wnrd
z* z?r zrr :TI-L rn
then fought hand to nana with sword Christianitd was defeated, but Olaf
anoax. triumphey in his defeat and death. Re-
One of the sturdiest fighters on Ormen __t__d xu_ i._ m.
Xinge was "Einar Tambeskjelve,
andd throw-dS his shiel an ideskedZ
X^f stjadiry against Olaf Trygvasson.
the fray ^tL J'^
Jarl' men trie to capture him,
it as modern as their means between the houses is to be provided, disease in the Ghettos of the old world H
In order, to insure plenty of ground the and they have learned thV American
that the builders Me trying to dodge invested in
And thus ends the saga of Haakon Jarl, life Ganger Rolf had given it in the only a year. He defeated his uncle,
mighty. previous century. King Inge Krokryg (Crookback) on the
Olaf Trygvaseon now ruled without Olaf was only of medium size, but ice near Oslo in 1161, but the next
opposition. He was killed at the sea very strong and active in mind anu year v/as killed in a sea fight in Eoms-
fight at Svolder, east of the island of body. Olaf's saga is by far the long- dalen by the noted Viking chief, Erling
Eugen in the Baltic sea. He had been est of Snorrels chronicles, more than Skakke. He is known in history as
to the land of the Wends on one of his half as long as all the others together. Haakon Sigurdsson Herdebred (Shoul-
cruises. He returned and was accom- It would take a book to recount all his derbroad)
-vvard: Thorstem let drive at the king
with his axe and struckeagerly him over the
left knee. He supported himself on a
,-rv rock and then Thore Hund (Dog) drove
from this Olaf that Princess
Maud can trace her ancestry, say the
^fhe ,ba$f nspntiteeod bitterly., but geologists', "not very directly", it is
_J--.--WJ-.TJ- ---f geneaiogiBis, HUT,
was lost hedleaped overboard, descenu froim Olaf theHoly.
4. 4. 4.
the spear into his body under his coat
of mail. Kalv Arneson next dealt the
kin6 a blow otne the neck. He died on
morse* seize the peasants. They
v~_.3 +v ofn'nfoof" horrior ncrninsft the nf tlinir vnlnahlo. hnlfHncrs Thev are rrf_ i-.n^ _*_ t. A urWBY. of their valuable holdings.. They are
ha ere- strongly represented in every branch of
ated such havoc, in^the Ghettos of New lansiness. Large factories maintained Ung, after deposing
The next Haakon was a nephew of a viking tour among the Scottish isles.
Olaf Kyrre (Peaceful) and a cousin it took him thirty, years to pat down
Magnus Barfot (Barefoot), who sue- themany uprisig^%iT$fcM&n*The death
ceeded his father on the throne. Haakon 0
was a son of King Magnus Haraldsson,
who ruled jointly with Olaf until 1069.
Afte Olaf Kyrre's deathin, 1093 mighty prince" and'i^rrior, and^to, him
happiness are,tfie keynote of the recon- the people cpntrol1 some,of the larges Denmark againstd.he wishes of thes
campaign^and the one thing wholesalecapital and retai) concerns. .Their Swedes, they .deposeJt(Mnu4|so
a -class i
Tambeskjelve, who ha been
England, returnes and spoke stoutly
ened, fo Einarn wa the
i land Bitterl did the people
ened^, for Einar was the strongest man
in all the land. Bitterly did the people
repent, and they then lived as Olaf
*edfto have been
Haakonsson, den gamle (the
one of Norway's greatest
His adventure began early.
As the grandspji of tKihg flverre
there was a ^ri?e"^ir* hM'^lS&e^'M noon as
he was bortf.'M'He was festered by
Trond, th*f$1tim in Eldaberg.r It was
found nec,e#sary to take the babe away
to save iti&life. The reckless and
daring Brrkiebeiner (Birohlegs) under
took the They moved north to
Hamar,, arrivinz there on Christmas eve.
Ivar, bishopzof Hamar, tho a church
man, was a Talentless enemy of.Sverre's
race and "th*birchlg." When he
invited the latter- *_ *eajrt~they us-
huTried on to
counsel and rr,T:z.^
i.<p>JZJF^&SASrJgZyjourneJe_thf^o-tLparr-.u.latteie_mi_Thhjem. was performed by two of the mightiest
ski runners in the country. The trip
was made in the dead of winter. The
men suffered from exposure to^ the se
vere weather, for they dared not seek
shelter and. the poor babe was near to
death on several occasions in this peril
Finally the two Birkbeiner, with
their precious charge, reached Trond
hjem and the protection of King Inge.
King Haakon reigned forty-six years,
from the age of 13 until his death on
'the stapngefrT. qgj$g|fwj| enemies,
to the cq%itry. offere
in Trpndhjem. With his fos-
47,^ peat* came
*B Haakont was a i the lea&lsrship of one^'of the
crusades by the GFgfman kings. 4
when his brother Erik^djed after reign
ing a year. In history he is ^known as
Haakon V, Magnusson. He was the
last of th^ long line of Harald Haar
fagre, which ruled Norway for 447
Haakon was a wise king and ae
com pii sne( mu ch. He ended the lonar
conflict with Denmark, restricted the
power of the priesthood, relucoc tho
strength of the Hauseatic league and
governed with great ability.
His daughter married Duke Erik of
from Sweden, who had a son Magnus.rathers Thi
these'Jarge'concernst Haako VI die i'h
a b.etter result. They are industrious and, are rarely ta reins in own
an ask no charity save'and was queen^e^S^eden.
15. To i was bora aso
WQ 0 W
a Swedes-later elected
4ck^fted the unionThif