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The JOURNAL JUNIOR.
Mae Harris Anson Editoi
The Journal Junior is published by The Minneapolis Journal for
the public school children of the Northwest, and is devoted princi*
pally to their own writings. There is no expense attached and
all are welcome as competitors. The editor wishes to encourage cor
respondence and suggestions from teachers. All correspondence
should be addressed to the Editor Journal Junior.
IT FITS ALL TOPICS.
(ATTEEN you can't think of anything to write on a
VV Junior topic, work in something about a foot
This evidently seems to be the idea some Juniors
especially boy Juniorshave when it comes time to write
on the Journal Junior topics. It does not seem possible
that a football story could be made to fit any topic, but
the editor is -willing to vouch for the fact that it has tee
easily accomplished every week in both departments for
the past month. Perhaps it is because the season of the
year is at hand when the majority of people willingly
contract cases of footballitis, but whatever the reason,
the fact remains that no matter what the topic, nor how
remote its possibilities may seem from football,, enthusi
astic stories of the great game of late autumn continue
to pour in.
Long ago the editor found it neeessary to bar men
tion of Washington, Lincoln and Franklin, because small,
but patriotic and admiring Juniors insisted upon using
their shining examples upon every occasion. If the Junior
atmosphere does not clear of footballitis very shortly,
football will also go upon the list of "must nots."
UNIOE raisers of beesand there are a number of
themall know that their little tbemey-gatherers will
travel far in search of the sweets of flowers. But do they
also know that under certain circumstances, bees will de
sert the sweetest of. sweets in favor of saltf
In the almost unknown interior of Africa there is a
desolate stretch of loose sand wastes, called "the Hun
gry Country." Water is there, and trees of stunted
growth, but the loose, shifting sand that drifts down the
hills like snow, makes most animals as well as humans
give the dreadful region a wide berth, except as travel
makes it necessary to wade thru its shifting sands. In
this "Hungry Country," according to Henry W. Nevin
Bon, who tells the story in the November Harper
"All living creatures are crazy for salt, and a pinch
of it is a greater treat to a child than a whole bridecake
would be in England. I have tested it especially with
the bees in these forests, that produce molt of the bees
wax that goes to Europe. I first noticed their love of
salt when I salted some water one afternoon in the vain
hope of curing the poisoned sores on my feet. In half an
hour the swarm of bees had driven me from my tent. I
was stung ten times, and had to wait about in the forest
till the sun set, when the bees vanished, as by signal.
Another afternoon I tested them by putting a heap
of sugar, a paper smeared with condensed milk and a bag
of salt tightly wrapped up in tar-paper, side by side on
the ground. I gave them twenty minutes and then I found
nothing on the sugar, five flies on the milk, and the tar
paper so densely covered with bees that they overlapped
each other, as when, they swarm."
Perhaps bees in a settled country do not make such
an ado over Bait, but the incident suggests interesting
possibilities to those who have an inquiring turn of mind,
together with sufficient understanding of bee etiquette
and antipathies to make experiments in safety.
The British Museum is said to contain for
Miles ty-three miles of books, nothing to be won
Of dered at, perhaps, when one remembers that
Books. the institution claims to possess a copy of
every book that has ever been published.
When a seeker for information from those same forty
three miles of books tries to gain access to them, however,
he has to beat his way thru about one hundred and forty
three miles of red tape. The British Museum is a very
great and useful conglomeration 'of all kinds of things,
but so far as its library is concerned, the desire seems to
be to see how many would-be readers can be kept out.
The latest turn in the talk of what will hap
pen to the human species, if people in gen
eral do not turn over a new leaf in their
manner of life, is the assertion that brains
are being developed at the expense of teeth
that the higher the mental development, the fewer and
worse the teeth will be. Lovers of sweets, who are trou
bled with aching teeth may be expected to develop un
usual zeal in studies warranted to develop the brain.
THE SLOW WITS OF ANIMALDOM.
Amongst animals the camel takes a high place for
stupidity. A hare starting up suddenly may throw a
whole caravan into disorder, and in the desert they have
been known to run away from a large stone or heap of
bones. If the saddle slip or the load roll off its back, the
eamel will bolt at once, followed by its mate and altho
a single blow from its strong foot would slay the wolf,
it never thinks of trying to defend itself from attack.
It cries and spits, and loses it shead from terrror. Animals,
as a rule, avoid poisonous food by instinct. Not so the
eamel, which will eat everything that grows beeause it
is green, whether it be good or bad. In the country where
the plant known as camel poison is found, therefore,
keepers have always to go with the herd whilst they
4 THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1905.
*&Q3. O O
Vm TREE OF NOCHE TRISTE, MEXICO.
Cortez and his horde of gold-seeking soldiers
first arrived in the land of the Aztecs, they inspired
awe because the simple natives believed them to be the
children of "The Fair God." Longer acquaintance, how
ever, with their actions as men and as conquerors, together
with their brutal disregard of the prized religion of the
Aztecs, turned popular opinion strongly against them. A
short time after the death of Montezuma, "while the Span
iards were still in the city of Mexico, the indignation of
the people at the high-handed methods of the little hand
ful of soldiers, who had proved themselves nothing but
very human men, took shape in the form of a secret
attack upon their stronghold.
The Spaniards resisted bravely, and only realized their
peril when their enemy said,'' You will have to surrender.
What can you dof We have destroyed all your bridges
and all your possible chances of escape." To his utter
dismay, Cortez saw that it was only too true. As night
drew near, the Aztecs withdrew, because it was one of
their laws that no fighting should take place after dark.
Cortez gathered his little band of mutinous men around
ii and loaded with what treasure of gold and silver and
precious stones they could carry, they prepared to retreat.
The enemy was not sleeping, however. They allowed them
to get as far as what is today called Tacuba, and there,
the Indians rushed upon them in the dark from boat and
marsh and the open crossings of the dike. In vain did
the Spaniards make a desperate stand. The Indians
fought savagely, determined to extirpate the invaders,
avenge their gods and save their country. It was a terri
ble night. None more terrible in the history of battles.
At length, realizing that determined retreat was all that
NEWS FROM THE SCHOOLS
Margaret Clark, Reporter.
The Junior class of the East High school organized
early in the fall, and Friday evening, Nov. 3, gave its
first party. The social committee, composed of Balph
Bardwell, Ruth Fuller, Marguerite Alexander, Joseph
Griffith and Stevens Crouse, was determined to make the
affair a success. Several attractive posters, made by
some of the artists among the class and the friends of the
class, announced it to be a hayrack ride and danceinci
dentally, a "Hard Times" party. The two hayracks left
the school about 8 'clock, and after going thru town and
crossing the Franklin avenue bridge, arrived at a hall in
Prospect Park, where there was dancing. Between two
of the dances Eugene Mitchell auctioned the posters, a
diversion which was the source of much fun. The party
was a great success.
The Junior pins have been ordered and are expected
within a week or so. The pin committee consists of Milo
Phillips, Alice Anderson and Loren Collins.
Friday, Nov. 3, the East High football team defeated
South High by a score of 12 to 0.
Friday morning the school listened with much pleas
ure to the orchestra and Boys' Glee club.
Gladys Gillesby, Reporter.
Saturday morning, Oct. 28, Mr. Lowis W. Eaper, prin
cipal of Motley, and-some of the larger boys walked out
to Lake Johanna and spent the day playing ball, etc.
The boys of the A room took up a collection and
bought an indoor baseball and bat.
An orchestra, composed of pupils of the school, is be
ginning to show unusual musical talent.
Sadie Hoiby, Reporter.
On Friday morning, Oct. 27, the seventh and eighth
Original Stories and
One Dollar Each for Accepted Drawings, Stories and Poems
was left, Cortez called the poor remnant of his band about
him under a giant cypressthat known today as the
"Noehe Triste'' treeand shoulder to shoulder they
finally fought their way to safety.
For a year, the Aztecs pointed proudly to the great
tree which marked the noche triste'' (sad night) for the
Spaniards. And then, alas! the Spaniards came a second
time, and the "noche triste" tree came to mark the be
ginning of the end of the glorious Aztec nation.
The tree itself is now but a shadow of its once great
self. It was nearly destroyed by fire in 1874, and while
it still shows life, its boughs are few and its foliage scant.
They say that even now, at night, all up and down that
avenue leading to the tree of the "noche triste," phantom
hosts battle unceasingly, and in the moonlight Cortez can
still be seen weeping over all he has lostmourning over
the dead and dying around him.
Tree of the Sad Night."
grades of Franklin school had the pleasure of hearing an
illustrated lecture on the Congressional Library, by Mr.
Harrington Beard. The lecture was both entertaining
and instructive, and Mr. Beard's kindness was greatly ap
preciated by the children, teachers, and principal.
The kindergarteners entertained the first grades for
a few minutes with a Halloween march, on Tuesday after
noon, Oct. 31.
Rnby Hernlund, Reporter.
Men are digging around the sehoolhouse, making
connections with the sewer. The pipes in the building
are being covered with asbestos. The painting and, var
nishing is almost finished.
The rumor is that the annex will be moved, as there^
is no necessity for it now. This will give more play
PETER AND THE LESSONS
THE FRACTIONS' TURN.,
The fractions knocked at Peter's door,
And cried: "Dividing & by 4,
Pray, Peter, can you tell us what
The answer would be on the spotf
Or if some person kind should buy
X't 7 halves of apple pie,
And we should grab 3 pies away,
How many pies would you have, pray?
What is of 77,
And what is 1-5 of 111
And 8 times is whatf
Is 1 a whole number or not?''
So all the night the fractions cried
Questions, till Peter nearly died,
And he said: "Well, I clearly see
The fractions will keep after me
Until I take some time from play
And study fractions every day."
DECORATIVE HEAD FOB THE PAGEThe drawing itself must be
13 inches wide by 2 inches deep. It must be drawn in India ink on bris-
tol board, 15 inches long by 5 inches wide and must contain an appropri-
ate Christmas sentiment lettered in as part of the design.
DECORATIVE MARGIN DRAWINGTo run up and down the page.
The drawing itself must be 20 inches high by 2% inches wide. It must be
drawn upon bristol board, 22 inches long by 5 inches wide. The subject
must be appropriate for Christmas.
SPECIAL DECORATIVE HEADThe drawing must be 22% inches
long by 1 inch wide. It must be drawn in India ink on bristol board 25
inches long by 3 inches wide. The subject must be appropriate for
In all these drawings the lines should be even and black. Avoid close
shading. All pictures must be strictly original and each should be signed
with the grade, school, name and address of the artist, and marked Christ-
CHRISTMAS STORIES AND POEMSThe stories must be strictly or-
iginal, not more than 1,00 words in length, nor less than 500.
Original verse of all kinds, grave and gay, is available, but the poems
should not exceed thirty-two lines in length.
These fiction stories and poems must be written on one side only of the
paper, and each should be signed with the grade, school name and address
of the writer and marked "Christmas Number." Drawings, stories
and poems must not be rolled. A Junior may contribute as many stories,
poems or drawings as he wishes, but only one prize will be awarded to a
Drawings, stories and poems must be in the hands of the editor of
The Journal Junior
Not Later Than Monday Evening, December 11.