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VOLUME XXVIINO. 309.
All papers are continued until an explicit order
received for discontinuance and until all ar
narages are paid.
tiONDONJournal on filea at American Express
office, 8 Waterloo place, and Express
office. 99 Strandn
SWEDENJournal on file at American Legation,
KfORWAY Tournal on file at American consul
grounds thev are a-ainst it. Tt is quite
ev.dent to thtm that there is no for
eigner T*ho can afford to pav us an addi
tion al $20,000,000 without going broke.
Another dollar a barrel on beer would
'do it, but the brewers would or.ject. A
Increased tax on tobac co would do it,
but there are the retail and wholesale
tobacco men to kick on that. Three
cents a pound on coffee would turn the
trick, but for the fact that the grocers
would see the government in Jamaica
befo re thev would gi ve their consent.
How is Uncle Sam to get that $20,-
000,000 TAithout doing anvthing to anv
body that anybody would obiect to his
doing. The American grocer has solved
the problem. Put another half-cent im
port dutv on sugar. W import about
four billion pounds of sugar. Four bil
lions multiplied by $0,005, whoope e! it
comes to $20,000,000, .lust what we want.
Isn't it a fortuitous coincidence? Put
it on sugar. Sugar is cheap and nobody
Would miss the half cent's worth in the
pound. There is another advantage
which perhaps ou have not thought of.
I would enable the domestic producer
to put his sugar up half a notch. I was
the happiest idea in the world to put it
General Miles is now satisfied that
lie did not run foT govern or of Massa
chusetts. So is General Bartlett.
Are Premuims Too High?
Notwithstanding many friends of life
insurance reform maintain that the in
suran ce premiums are too high The
Journal is of the opinion that the
point to be gained in the reform is not
the reducti on of the premiums, but the
return of the business to decent meth
ods and economical administration. The
only great failures in life insurance
have been of companies whose premiums
were too low. The policyholders in
these companies have been obliged to
stand a great assessment in the form
of an increased premium or see their
investment entirely wiped out. I is
sure ly better to stand a slightly exces
sive premium than to take the chance
of an entire loss.
The life insurance premium is like the
tariff. Inasmuch as it is impossible to
exactly fix the point at whi ch American
industry is protected from destructive
foreigtr competiti on the tariff makers
prefer to err on the safe side by ma k
ing the tariff a little higher than it
needs to be to accomplish its purpose.
So with the life insurance premium.
The American table tells the company
how manv men of a given a ge will on
the average die in a year. From this
it follows that if all en were insured
and all in one company that Company
could prettv closely guess the exact
mortality each year. But th is is ot
the case. All men are not insured and
those who are insured are scattered,
thru many companies. The selection of
risks then becomes a matter of judg
ment Some companies are much more
successful than others in making good
selections tho all try to get only the
Another uncertain factor is the rate
of interest obtainable from the invest
ments of the company. Most insurance
is now written on a 3 per cent reserve
and at the present time the companies
|r,t" Monday Evening,"'"'
PUBLISHED EVERY DAY.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAIL.
Bally and Sunday, one year $4.00
Calls' and Sunday, sis months 2.00
Daily and Sunday, one month... 40
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Sally and Sunday, one month 50c
BY GABBIER IN MINNEAPOLIS AND
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POSTAGE RATES OF SINGLE COPIES.
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fjp to 30 pages 2 cents
Up to 54 pages 9 cents
PUBLICATION OFFICEMinneapolis, Minn.,
Journal building, 47-49 Fourth street S.
WASHINGTON OFFICEW. W. Jerinane, chief
of Washington Bureau, 901-902 Colorado build
ing. Northwestern visitors to Washington in
vited to make use of reception-room, library.) i:v., +v,a4-
tationery. telephone and telegraph facilities IS capable of Civilization equaling that
Central location. Fourteenth and streets NW. 1
Copies of The Journal and northwestern news
papers on file
on file at American Lega-
Endleott building Tele- if. PAUL o^ir*"*1
phono TV Mam ?V
EAST SIDE O^T^CFCorral nrpmi"
ond street Trlei bono Miin NV 0
panies to accept a liability for their
surplus over and above the reserve. Th is
should be returned to the' policyholder
annually either iw cash or cred it and
the tontine gambling should be stopped.
Then with a proper sense of responsi
bility on the part of managers it would
ot matter whether the premiums were
a little high er than was necessary to
safeguard the business. The surplus
would be coming back. On' the oth,er
ha nd if the premiums were made too
low mo re harm might come to the busi
ness in gener al and to the policyholders
of certain companies than all the sav
ing in reduced premiums the world over
"The machine" last Tuesday acted
much like the thresher -when someone
carelessly runs a monkey wrench thru it.
A Negro Champion.
The furious controver sy whi ch in war
times raged rou nd the question whether
the negro had a soul has given place
in our dav to a discussion whether he
A. CARROLL, Manager.
CHICAGO OFFICETribune building
W. Y. PERRY, Manager.
wnI race. I is Convenient for
the white man to calmly affirm the
doctrine of essential inferiority and
let the advocate of the negro prove the
opposite if he can.
One of the moBt rabid baiters of the
negrop ipse Thoms Jr.,yw is
to have some vogue as a writer. One
of the cleverest negro publicists of the
America RjjP'w. dav aars toa beDixon,K r. ell Miller,saifd
211 Rue Scribe, and Eagle bureau. 53 Rue
Cambon Howard universitv, who has recently
undertaken to answer Mr. Dixon. Evi
dently the work was to the negro's
tast e. I the decision could be made
on a single examp le the negro, on the
basis of th is correspondence, would be
voted the superior lace both in talent
and in manners, for the colored brother
from Washington does ot leave
enough of the white romancer to make
1 decent funeral.
I Yet neither of them has settl ed the
main question, since neither of them
could. Time alone will determine
whether the negro is, as Mr. Miller con
tends, meie ly a backward race with all
the latent possibilities of superior ac
tion, or. as Mr. Dixon asserts, an in
ferior iace whi ch mu st always remain
It is interesting, however, to no te
what strides the negro has made since
he emerged from the barbarism of
slaverv. Capacity, says Mr. Miller, is
a potential rather than dynamic mode
of energv. The negro, wherever he has
flPELE^HONFTournfi i nrlvMto -n*,-Vihonr
for both lines 0 on nUb""* l'"e and
call for department ^ou Kh to sren to
Put Tt, on Sncrar.
The fact fi'ir TTnited States
seeds' about $20,000,000 of additional
revenue has set a number of philan
thropists nr work fiernrinf? on how to'
get it for him without hurting anvbodv.
'A reduction of the tariff on certa in arti
cles would stimulate importations and
produce the eesh, but the idea of buy
ing more fiom he foreigners is painful
to all standpatters who believe that the
foreigner pavs the tax. On humanitarian permitte a
menl ha acc0
cent etrh that. But lif insuro
i? an2 contracts un away into the
IS, future* I there any insurance eom
pany which knows that 4 or 3 per cent
|Vill be earned thirty or fifty years from
A third element in the insurance ex
ponse is tho administration and it is the
scandal of the insurance business that
this element is the one in which the
j? greatest looseness has prevailed. The
^reduction of life insurance premiums is
therefore not the pressing problem.
The important question is the prohibi
tion of deferred dividend contracts and
the compelling of the "insurance' cdni-
mplished wonders. With
If fort year th negr
ah cu dow
his illiteracy 50 per centa produced
a professional class numbering more
than 30,000, including ministers, teach
ers, doctors, lawyers, editors, architects,
authors, engineers. Negro inventors
have taken out mo re than four hundred
patents as a contribution to the me
chanical genius of America. I the
south, wheie the princip al crop is cot
ton, about one-third of i is produced
by negro proprietors.
All of the se examples of achieve
ment are the result of a little mo re
than a generation of freedom.
Mr. Miller puts them against the fact
that when Pericles was the orator an'd
ruler of Athens the ancestors of Goethe
and Shakspere were living in caves and
subsisting on raw fish. The entire dif
ference between the Greek and the Ger
man' was the difference in the time of
starting. With the se examples of the
triumphs of the negroes in the pa st forty
years before us, it is as possible to
argue that they are a remarkably apt
race as to contin ue to taunt them with
th^ir inferiority. "But all the achieve
ments of the negro," we are told, "are
but the reflection' of white civilization.
When they were returned to Liberia
they reverted to barbarism." How
much does the present white civilization
owe to past white civilization, and how
many exampl es are there of the rever
sion' of the white race to barbarism? I
could sa that ou white
we civilization is all our own pro
duction an,l that none of it is
venee r, we might argue the inferiority
of the negio or of any other race which
has inhabited the earth, but the Cauca
sian can make no such boast.
The problem of the relations of the
two races in America is a baffling one.
The idea of amalgamation is repugnant
at present the thought of social equality
is 'n'ot tolerated anywhere. The men
of the south resent violently the id ea of
political equality. Destiny holds a veil
between us and the future of the race in
Americ a, but, as Mr. Miller well points
out, we are ot concerned with destiny,
but with duty. One of the duties of
r. Thomas Dixon, Jr., as Mr. Miller se
verely calls to his attention, is to weigh
his words and to cease fome'n'ting racial
hatred. That's where the negro's ad
vice is wiser than the white man's per
Sweden has her trollev on. Trolle
is the new minister of foreign affairs.
Steve Elkins' Little Game.
in Washington Nov. 21. The committee
has had several meetings this summer
and has taken an immense amount of
testimonv. The meeting is to go over
th is and try to reduce it to order, but
r. Steve Elkins regrets to report that
there is so much yet to do that the com
mittee will not be ready to report until
long after congress meets. Thereby
hangs a plot. The senate committee, it
is claimed, will not make a report until
after the house has pass ed a railroad
measure. When the house bill comes to
the senate all the senate will have to do
ments. This will give the railroad
.junta all the parliamentary advantage.
The .president, however, feels that the
elections have placed *him in a better
position to demand action from con
gress. Every state and city machine
has been wreaked. This is particularly
true of the Foraker-Cox machine i
Ohio, which had taken a stand against
his rate doctrines. The senators will
come back to Washington considerably
humbled and profoundly impressed
with the fact that the earth no longer
revolves about the north wing of the
The man with a grievance has long
been advised to tell his troubles to a
policeman, but the city of Cleveland is
the first to provide a svmpathetic of
ficer as a listener. A anljisuicide com
mission has been named by Mayor Tom
Johnson, and anyone thinking of tak
ing his own life is asked to go and talk
it over with the city commission. The
mere "talking it out'' is often a great
help, but if the commission is able to
provide work or take away discourage
ments from the path of a citizen, so
much, the better. Suicide does not seem
to be the logical way ut of trouble.
Engineer John E Wallace, who was
handled so roughly the government
when he resigned, is turning the other
cheek. He-has been participating in a
conference with the advisory board of
canal engineers to determine whether
the sea-level plan shall be chosen. Mr.
Wallace's willingness has impressed the
canal commission mo st favorably. It's
the most sensible course.
Prince Louis of Battenberg was im
press ed with the ease with which New
York could be destroyed by a naval
attack. But the prince was talking
upon a ship which had been towed in
past six forts and three batteries of
disappearing guns, any one of which
could stop a fleet. Evidently Bob
Evans did not show the prince his whole
Cleaning a city from without by kill
ing off the bosses if the people the m
selves are corrupt, is much like Bridg- f^rtxsKrraxvtvxrvrr-trwvx^n^
et 's idea of washing windows. She had
washed them carefully on the inside, j VJ-,,^
but entirely neglected to clean the out
side. Her mistress asked her the rea
son for this omission. Imagine the
lady's surprise when Bridget exclaimed:
"Sure, mum, I clained thim inside so
as we could look out, but lift the dirt 1
on the outside so's the people couldn't
The west says Mr. Hill is very much
disturbed over the methods of high
finance, which have been revealed. Mr.
Hill has always liv ed and worked in
the west and apparently it affords him
a little amusement to condole with the
eastern brethren of finance once in a
Senator Lodge has reciprocity beat
by one-tenth of one-third of 1 per ce nt
of the vote cast. This remarkable vic
tory was achieved by his giving his
personal attention to the campaign and
coniuring frequently with the word
Steve Elkins, a senator from West
Virginia, is convinced that congress will
pass a measure relating to the regula
tion of railroads, but he does not know
what kind of a measure it will be. Th is
is somewhat encouraging, for if Mr.
Elkins knew what kind of a bill it
would be it would most likely ot be Tammany never before ran up against
the kind the people want. a man who made so much fuss about
Incidentally Mr. Steve Elkins has what became of ballot boxes after elec-
called 1 he senate committee on rail-' tion.
roads, of which he is chairman, to meet
will be to substitute the Elkins brand price of meat or butter. I i
_e .h.e .i of. legislation aftrtenactn clause
This parliamentary procedure will make
the senate bill the house bill with com
mittee amendments and no motion to
substitute the house bill be in order.
The real house bill will have to be of
fered rn'tin senate as separate stmend-
of civilization is, like
tho tariff, a local issue. While the
Eussians are maltreating and we are
sympathizing with the Jews, we are
quite apt to forget that one of our na
tional sports is the burning of negroes.
I takes 15,847 policemen and con
stables to protect London, and they cost
$6,500,000 a year. This is nothing. New
York has about half as many policemen,
who cost twice as muc h, and you-can
do as you please in New York.
Steve Elkins says there will be a
"delay" i railroad-rate legislation
this winter. Bless you, delay will be
no name for it. I will be even wor se
than that. The senate will discuss it.
What's the use of making so much
fuss about that infidel's monument to
the devil in Detroit? Detroit isn't the
only place, unfortunately, that has mon
uments of that kind.
The New York Evening Post blames
Chauncey Depew for the Hearst vote.
If this is the case, the Depew Improve
ment company should a once go to
work on the senator.
Baltimore in the past six months has
had five seismic shocks, but nobody
knew it. The disturbance was all laid
to the debate between Messrs. Bona
parte and GormaW.
The president's attempt to quiet foot
ball a little has led to the hope that he
will interfere in the Russian massacre s,
which sre almost as bad.
Unc le Sam's debt hovers around the
billion-dollar mark. But uncle's ef
fects are worth much more than that,
even at forced sale.
A change from 230,000 for Roosevelt,
lepublican, to 12,000 for Pattison, demo
crat, she ws what the voter can do when
he gets an PX.
The Russian prisoners in Japan have
joined the revolution. Those Cussed
Japanese have been teaching them to
Franklin McVeagh says municipal
ownership is a jack-o'-lantern. I cer
tainly do throw the Bcare into the fat
The poultry market is growing firm-
er," Isn't it wonderful how the deal
er just knows that Christm as is com
Hall Caine is goi ng to paint irt a
novel the dangers of great wealth.
cann ot scare Rogers.
The Voice of the Peop le made itself
heard, but it has not yet affected the
The republican majority in Nebraska
was only a little larger than it is when
Mr. Bryan is at home.
Chauncey Depew predicted Hearst's
electipn. Tho senator was prepared for
THE MINNEAPOLIS* JOURNAL.'tt V-
By W. P. Kirkwood.
REMINISCENCES ANd ANECDOTES
Wentworth Higglnson's Part of a Man's
.Life is made up of reminiscence and auto
biography woven into essay form in a
most charming manner. It deals in a
somewhat disjointed,-but not the less val
uable way, with important phases of life
of which the colonel has either been a
part himself or else to -which he has close
ly approached. The names of many great
men add to the interest with which timely
topics are discussed. The chapter titles,
coupled with the author's name, will show
the book to be of high rank among the
hooks of the year. They include: "The
Cowardice of Culture," '"'American Audi
ences," "The Close of the Victorian
Epoch," "Letters of Mark," "The Sunny
Side of the Transcendental Period,"
"English and American Cousins," "Books
Unread," "The Aristocracy of the Dollar,"
and "History in Easy Lessons
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.
?2 50 net.
MBS. D. GntAUD BIGHT,
Author of "A Southern Girl in '61.
"A SOUTHERN GIRL IN '61."A title
like that is sure to attract attention. W
have had story after story involving the
daughters of the south during the civil
war, but not often ha\e we had the recol
lections of the period told by one of those
daughters herself. Therefore, A South
ern Girl In '61, a book of memories and
letters, by one who as a girl saw the war
from the Confederate side, makes a spe
cial appeal. The author is Mrs. D. Gi
raud Wright of Baltimore, daughter of
Senator Louis T. Wigfall of Texas. She
shows admirably, by personal memories,
the interchange of letters among members
of the family, and letters sent to and re
ceived from participants the deadly
struggle, the varying fortunes of the con
flict. It is a record one reads with sym
pathetic interest and with added admira
tion for the south and its heroes.
W do not recall having seen a book of
the kind, but it seems to us there is a
place for, onea book in diary form, by
such a writer as Mrs Wright, giving not
the story of the,, great wa,r as it reached
the people of the sdfli piecemeal, but a
story of the daily Hfgfof southern girl as
colored by the evente of the war. W ex
pected to find some such story when we
took up "A Southern Girl in '61 Per
haps it is too "much to ask per
haps such a memoir as that suggested
would be held too sacred to give to the
public but would It not serve a good pur
posemake for the new generation and
for future generations a part of a tradi
tion which would strengthen and
deepen the nation's patriotism? W are
confident it would if approached in the
right spirit. W are sure such a record
would be read with wide interest
Doubleday, Page & Co New York.
S2 75 net.
CYNIC'S CALENDAR FOR 1906.
Some wisdom, a good deal of folly and
not a little real cynicism are to be found
in The Complete Cynic's Calendar for
1906 by Ethel Watts Mumford, Oliver
Herford and Addison Mizner As a bit
of wisdom take "The wages of gin is
debt." There is a dash of wisdom and
cynicism both in "The doors of opportun
ity are marked 'Push' and 'Pull'." For
folly you have "You will never miss
water while the champagne ru ns dry,"
ditto, "When folly is bliss 'tis ignorance
to be otherwise." If you want pure cyn
icism it is to be found in such things as
"Only the young die good." For a bit
of pure humor, the student of the calen
dar will pause at a picture of automobil
ists toiling under and over their machine,
under which picture is the line from
Shakspere: "Bubble, bubble, toil and
Paul Elder & Co., San Francisco.
SHORT STORIES OF STRIKING SIM
PLICITY AND FORCE.Margaret Col
lier Graham's The Wizard's Daughter
and Other Stories Is a book of Cali
fornia tales of unusual vigor. There is
a distinctness, a vividness and point to
them as sharp as the outlines of moun
tain details in high altitudes. They make
a strong appeal to the interest and sym
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Bosjton.
"THE RIGHT OF WAY" ON THE
STAGE.It is reported that Sir Gilbert
Parker's novel, The Right of Way, is
to be dramatized by Eugene Presbey
for Kyrle Bellew's use next season. Al
tho "The Right of Way" has been pub
lished since 1901, the storm of inquiry
and surmise as to the motives and actions
Of the principal characters of this power
ful tale has not yet entirely died down.
Sir Gilbert Parker recently wrote as fol
lows to a friend in America- "I have re
ceived a great many letters questioning
me upon various points and I have been
obliged In all cases to reply, that the
interpretation of the characters and in
cidents in my book mu st be the office
of 'the reader. In real life we do not
always know the whole truth, and 1 do
not think that a book should be any
truer than life itself."
STANDARD BIOGRAPHIES LIFE
STORIES FOR YOUNG FOLK.A. C.
McClurg & Co Chicago, are issuing a
"Standard Biography Series" intended for
those who want recognized biographies
of great historical characters at moderate
cost. Four volumes ha\e just been issued
in this series. They are: Agnes Strick
land's "Life of Queen Elizabeth," John
G. Lockhart's "Life of Sir Walter
Scott," Thomas Carlyle's "Oliver Crom-
well," and John G. Lockhart's "Life of
The sa me firm is issuing a series called
"Life Stories for Young People." Just
issued in this series are, "Frederick the
Great and the Seven Years War," from
the German of Ferdinand Schrader
"Maria Theresa," from the German of
W. D. Van HornJ "The Little Dauphin,"
from the German of Franz .Hdffman
"Joha nn Sebastian Bach," from the Ger
man of Ludwig Ztemssen.
First Automobile Built In 1769.Those
who imagine that the automobile is a re
cent invention will be surprised to learn
that it was invented over one hundred
and twenty-five years ago. Malcolm Mc
Dowell thus describes its early history
in his article, "Anti-Auto Riots of 1830,"
in the December Technical World Maga
The automobile seems to have been born, In
the form of an idea, In the year 1759, when a
Glasgow student threw out the suggestion that
the steam enginethen a very crude low-press
ure affairmight be applied to the moving of
wheeled vehicles. This student afterwnrda
achieved fame as Dr. Robinson, professor of
natiual philosophy in the University of Edin
burg. Ten yeais later Nicholas Joseph Cugnot,
a Fiench engineer, built the first automobile.
The machine was a three-wheeled affair and Its
course was quickly run, for on its second or
third tilp It turned a corner too fast and
toppled over with a crash. The city officials
of Paris refused to permit Cugnot to repair
his machine. TO keep it from harming anyone
they locked it up In a church and there it
staved for some years.
Other articles In the same magazine
are: "Story of the Iron Industry," G. P.
Blackiston "On the Floes with a Hair
Sealer," P. T. McGrath "Wireless Sig
nals Under Water," Robert McDuff,
"The Great Canal of China," Frederick
Williams "When Men Wear Wings,"
Gilson Gardner "Had the Electric House
keeper," E. S. Walters.
Minnesota Politics I
State Board's Action on Merchandise
Assessments Will Not Do as a Political
Issue, as the Reduction Was General
Over the StateGuns Open on Block-
Barker for Lieutenant GovernorSen
The Anoka Free Press says:
The "peanut partizans," who are defending
tne Johnson administration for letting the twin
city Jobbers and merchants off with an assess
ment of $2,000 OOO below that of the previous
year, are resorting to what may be rightly
termed peanut arguments
Of course, even a fool understands that a
reduction of $2,000 000 In the assessment of
one set of taxpayers means an increase to
tliat amount in the assessment of others I
is therefore ridiculous for these apologists to
claim tliat goods weie scaled down In the same
proportion all over the state, especially so
wheu actual facts prove such claims to be the
ver reverse of the truth.
Take Anolca county, for instance. Instead
of sharing in the reduced assessment with
Tvlilch the twin cities were favored, that county,
had to stand Its proportion of the raise re
quited to make up for the favoritism shown
Minneapolis and St. Paul Anoka's "benefit"
came in the shape of a $30,000 raise, of which
merchandise alone came in for almost one-half
The facts are that Anoka was raised
over its return this year, and Hennepin
was too, but neither county is assessed
as high on merchandise this year as it
was last. In 1904 Anoka county was as
sessed under item 16, goods and mer
chandise, $100,528. In 1905, as left by
the state board, Its assessment on that
item is $83,754. As State Auditor Iverson
has explained, the board decided to leave
merchandise lower all over the state, and
so just cut the raises in two that had
originally been decided on. While Henna
pin's merchandise assessment is 10 per
cent lower than last year, Anoka's is 17
per cent lower. Going down the line, it
will be found that nearly all the coun
ties have a lower assessment this year
Aitkin has $78,730, against $82,745 last
year. Beltrami has $131,480, against $149.-
637 Benton, $27,743, against $30,946 Big
Stone, $111,135, against $118,875, and Blue
Earth, $417,536, against $472,878. St
Louis county was slightly increased.
Hennepin was reduced frbm $8,456,444 to
$7,680,865, and Ramsey from $6,822,141 to
The "apologists" referred to are sim
ply stating the facts in justice to the
state board of equalization, which is not
the "Johnson administration"' by several
miles. The board's action was unani
mous, and it included two state officers
and eight appointive republican members.
It reduced merchandise assessments and
reduced live stock, but raised public ser
vice corporations, and the final result is
a higher personal property assessment
than last year. Hennepin's total is
In the words of Frank M. Eddy, better
"cut out picayunish criticism."
Fort Sumter has been fired on. The
Franklin Tribune has opened Its bat
teries on Julius Block, and the pre-con
vention contest may be considered under
way. The Tribune expresses its belief
that Block's nomination would prove
"disaster No. 2" to the republican party
of the state. The Are will now be re
turned from the Block house.
Senator H. G. Barker of Cambridge is
the latest memb er of the senate reported
to have an eye on the nomination for
lieutenant governor. has already an
nounced his. intention to retire from the
senate, but would not shrink from the
honor of being its presiding officer for a
term or two.
C. W. Babcock of Kasota Is declared
to be the popular choice for the next
senator from Le Sueur county, by the
Waterville Advance, which says: "When
our neighbors get en equally as good
we will have an upper house free from
the influence of corporations." That's
a consummation devoutly to be wished.
W E. I/ee of Long Prairie, former
speaker of the house and member of the
state board of control, is said to contem
plate running for the senate next year
in the Todd-Wadena-Hubba rd district.
As Senator E. B. Wooa" has intentions of
coming back, there is prospect of another
good fight in the fifty-third. No two
men in the state dislike each other more
warmly than Wood and Lee, and in every
political contest they are found leading
opposing factions in Todd county.
Charles B. Cheney.
NEVER GAVE ROYALTIES
Jacob Litt, who died recently, after
having acquired a fortune, made one rule
unique in the theatrical business.
never paid a royalty to an author. Play
wrights commonly receive a percentage
of receipts for the use of their work. Mr.
Litt would only agree to pay a fixed sum
every time a play was acted. This was
usually $25. believed the arrange
ment more equitable to him and to the
dramatist. It certainly enabled both to
make a great deal of money when suc
cess was genuine. The writer of "In
Old Kentucky," which did more to make
Mr. Litt's fortune than a ny other play,
drew for ten years $25 for every per
formance. Sometimes three companies
were acting the piece simultaneously.
CLEVELAND'S SISTER WEALTHY.
Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, sister of
former President Cleveland, is now a
wealthy woman. A score of years ago
she invested $4,500 In an Island off the
Maine coast, near Camden. Fashion has
turned its eyes in that direction and Miss
Cleveland has just sold part of her
island for $200,000.
'GOD SPEED THE PLOW"
"Let the wealthy and the great
Roll hi splendor and state,
I envy them not, I declare It,
I eat my own lamb,
My chickens and ham
1 shear my own fleece and I Treat It.
I have lawns, I have bowers,
I have fruit, I have flowers:
The lark is my morning alarmer
So my JoUy boys now.
Here's God speed the tlough
Long life and success to the farmer."
.Old English Farmers' Toast.
.'^0vembe? /.13, 'igo5 "---'-'O"*""
The German-speaking patrons of the
Metropolitan had a treat last night when
the stock company from St. Paul appeared
In the clever little German comedy, "Zwel
Wappen" (Two Escutcheons). Th
sketch Is the work of Blumenthal and
Kadelburg and has attained a consider
able vogue among German-American
playgoers. The story turns on the love
of a German nobleman's son for the
daughter of a Chicago porkpacker, who
is seeing Europe with a chaperone. The
lovers, with the aid of the girl's father,
who is sent for, mana ge to outwit the
other father and they are married. The
fathers quarrel bitterly, ut eventually
they get better acquainted andfinallybe
come fast friends. Thus all difficulties
The acting was excellent all thru. M.
Eisman played the German nobleman in
good style, while Otto Sampler as the
rv,in n^t, ta
Ma .im.,t.. in De ar Old Grandma's Day" Charles
Bates sings well and appears to advantage
^i^o^ n^ mD Chicag^ porkpacker,, mixed up German!
and English in funny confusion. Paul
Fasoli as the Voung lover was very good,
while Vera von Weidenbruch was a
charming young American girl. Others
in the cast were Hans Hans on and Eliz
abeth von Weidenbruch.
"The Grafter," which opened a the
Bijou yesterday, is a very lively, clever
with Miss Spaulding. Hap Ward a p
pears as the grafter.
There Is a pleasing absence of "rough
house" comedy thruout. All in all, the
production is one of the best things in
the way of light amusement that has
been here for some time.
M. C. Bacheller.
ARMY FOB A YEAR
and amusing production. It abounds civil engineer. Then he tried his hand
exciting, complicating situations, the as a cowboy. was a miner and proft1
lines are clever and bright and the mu
sical ..numbers that are interpolated are
exceptionally well staged and well ren
dered. The piece is a clever musical
The chorus Is worth drawing to and
would put to shame many a more pre
College Graduate Went to Sleep
in Frisco and Awoke in
tentious aggregation. I sings well, i begin the day thus early. The tempta-
dances well and is good looking and well tion was accentuated by the feel of a
costumed. There are any number of comfortable roll of bills in his pocket.
Ingenious changes that give variety and His last venture had been a little pros-
richness to the production. The piece is peeting speculation in the mountains of
handsomely staged thruout. California. The roll contained close to
Lucy Daly is easily the star of the $500and Christmas just two day*
attraction. She does some extremely away.
clever singing and dancing in "My met friends the score. Everv-
Bungalow Babe" and "Independence
Day." William Friend, as Budd Wilson, remembers falling in at last with a
the friend in need, divided with Miss squ ad of merry-making soldiers, pri-
Daly the honors of the production. The Y^^J^J^^FP^P'^l^Y ^K^YE
entire company Is good. Miss Winifred
Spaulding is sweet and sings well William
xwell sings well a charming song,
with a burlesque knockabout act which
puts the seatholders in a thoroly ami
able turn of mind. Mr. and Mrs Alfred
Kelcey give "A Tale of a Turkey" -with
a finish that made a great hit with the
audience, the playlet being brimful of
fun and without a suggestive word or
situation. I is one of the cleverest skits
New York, Nov. 13.Sleep overcame
him in San Francisco. awoke in
Honolulu, a prisoner in a guardhouse,
wearing the khaki uniform of a private
in the United States array. To say that
he was much astonished would be to
put it in its mildest form. had not
the least recollection of having enlisted
The Orpheum's bill this week is a
strong one and presents a wide variety
of entertainment. Budd brothers open drumhead courtmartial wiffbe ready"for
you as soon as you get over the D. T.'s.'
seen here this season and the finish of that we were in Honolulu, in Camp
the actors adds not a little to its success, i kinley, with a regiment of United States
Youngson's "spook minstrels" are good soldiers on their way to thfc Philip-
and the combination of pictures and un
seen entertainers constitutes a novelty
more than pleasing. The moving pic
tures of the old-time minstrels with the
action and singing behind the screen
formed a novel combination. Ethel Rob
inson carried the crowd by storm with
her drolleries, and Carver and Pollard
have an act the eccentricity of which
made another big hit.
Harry Corson Clarke, supported
Margaret Dale Owens, gave "His Absent
Boy," another sketch in which the
laughmaker worked overtime and the au
diences reaped the benefit.. The Russian,
dancers .close the bill and the whirlwind,
dances of the steppes are given the same
dash and abandon which created
such a sensation when the troupe was
here last season. The athletic training
necessary for these dances must have
been long and arduous. New pictures
on the kinodrome close the show. While
lacking in vaudeville "stars" the bill is
one that will furnish entertainment to
almost everyone. It is well selected and
goes thru with a swing.
Beginning tonight Channing Pollock's
exciting play, "In the Bishop's Carnage,"
in which thrills and laughter predominate,
will open what promises to be a largely
attended week's engagement at the Met
ropolitan. The play is a dramatization
in four acts of the novel of the same
title by Miriam Michelson, and in the
play Mr. Pollock has brought out all the
strong points of the book and reproduces
with telling effect the life lesson taught
in thg novel. The development of Nance
Olden from a thief to the charming and
conscientious girl who is to mar ry Lati
mer shows the change that love can make
in her nature under the right influence.
A splendid cast of players is said to have
much to do with the success of the play.
College boys are certain to recognize
many familiar types in "Strongheart,"
which comes to the Metropolitan the first
part of next week. Foremost there is the
college-bred Indian, in which role Rob
ert Edeson has won the success of his
career. Strongheart is the "P. His
companions are respectively a senior, a
senior by courtesy, a junior, a special, a
soph, a freshle, a sport, a coach, a grind,
a back, a trainer, a rubber and a mascot.
"Lady Teazle" will be given Its first
presentation at the Auditorium tonight,
with Grace Van Studdiford to interpret
the title role, and such other well-known
players as William Henry West, J. Par
ker Coombs, Charles Dungan, John Dud
ley, John Taylor, Grace Gresham, Lil
lian Spencer, Margaret Taylor and Delia
Niven in the other leading roles. There
is a large chorus and the play is said to
be handsomely staged. "Lady Teazle"
will run all the week.
The famous Frank L. Perley opera
company in that enormous success, "The
Girl and the Bandit," will be seen at the
20 ril fX% a
company of 100 arre Viola Gillette^Mabel
Hite, Joseph Miron. John G. Stubs,
Henry Coote, George MacFarlape,
Frances Ann Wear and Marion Wilder.
Rose Melville will pay her annual visit
to the Bijou next week, appearing in her
original character creation, "Sis Hopkins,"
the queer little Posey county girl, so full
of philosophy and qualntness.
The Lyceum will present this week an
attraction fraught with Benttmental in
terest. Mrs. Tom Thumb and the Count
and Baron Magri, the three smallest hu
man beings In the world, will appear In
a sketch. Ryder's monkey and baboon
acrobats, another high-priced act, will
also be a conspicuous feature.
The Unique presents as its greatest
novelty this week the sharp-shooters,
Smith and Winchester, who make diffi
cult rifle shots while performing acro
batic feats. Miss Marie Laurens, the
sweet singer, formerly soloist with
Ellery's band, Is another top liner. Louis
A. Hanvey 's company in new songs, and
a brilliant sketch, are other meritorious
rn buds upon some Aaron's rod
The childish ancient saw his God
Less credulous, more believing, we
Bead la the grassDivinity.
From Iloreb's bush the Presence spoke
To ancient faiths and simpler folk
But now each bush that sweeps our feno*u-.-i,C_
country's service. His daz ed eye
looked out on a strange land. had
lost all trace of time. Even his name
had been changed.
The man wtyo had this weird experi
ence is Frank Belyea, in the army
records. lives in Green Point,
when he is at home. admitted today
that Belyea is ot his right name.
is a graduate of a well-known eastern
university and went west soon after
taking his degree in engineering.
For a time he was employed as a
pector, with indifferent success.
His Christmas Joy.
December, 1901, found him in San,
Francisco. Christmas was only two
days off and the bright lights of the
city blinked a wicked temptation to
1:)od seemed to be his friend. dim-
to their arms and told him he was their
Awoke in Strange Land.
And now Belyea himself gave up this
"When E awoke I had not the slight
est notion of my whereabouts. Every
thing was a blank to me. I felt stiff
and sore. I spied a soldier in a khaki
uniform and thought he must be one of
the companions I had been drinking
with. had a gun on his shoulder and
was marching up and down in front of
my bunking place.
'Hello, matev/ I called out.
'What's up and where am I atl'
'You're in the guardhouse for as
saulting everybody on board, and a
is what the soldier boy came back wit h.
was in Honolulu,
'Guardhouse, is it!' says I. 'But
what I really want to know is what
part of the map of the world it hap
pens to be on.' The soldier told me
I asked to see Major Davis, in com
mand of the post. sent an orderly
to hear what the row was about. I
told him I had never enlisted in the
army and didn't intend to serve, and
that my family would make it hot for
Major Davis and the war department
if I was ot let out of the guardhouse
and se nt back to San Francisco. One
of the soldiers said I mu st have en
listed, for I had been taken on boa rd
the transport Thomas and brought
along with the regiment. pointed to
my uniform as evidence that I mu st
Sent to Philippin e.
"All my protests went for naught. I
was bundled on board the transport
Thomas with the regiment and sent to
the Philippines. That was on Feb. 12,
1902, and I had awakened from my
long sleep on Jan. 17. I bad tried to
establish the fact that I had never en
listed. But i twas no use. I was
dropp ed in the brig and had my berth
witn a crew of cut-throats from the
regiment about all the way over to
"What puzzled me most was that
my identity had been lost completely.
I knew well enough who I was, but ac
cording to the ship's list I was Frank
Belyea and my home was at Devils
Lake, N D.
"We landed at Manila on March 3
and I was sent with a detachment of
troo ps to the camp at Santa Mesa.
Again I made a row about serving in
the army, when I had never enlisted,
and was sent back Manila and
clapped into a guardhous e. After four
days of it I was sent to serve with I
company of the Second infantry at
Laguimanoc, about 200 miles south of
Manila. There I was drilled for several
Not on the Payroll.
"But when the first payday came
around I found that I was not on the
regular army list. There was not
a cent of pay for Private Belyea.
That was in April. On June 18, I ot
a five-day leave of absence from Lieu
tenant Arch ie Harries, in command of
the post. I had to slip thru a quaran
tine guard and after several days'
wait, stowed away on a Chinese junk
that was bound for Manila. On arriv
ing there five days later I report ed to
Colonel Greenough, i command a
"Colonel Greenough decided that I
was a deserter and chucked me into a
guardhouse. I was hauled before a
courtmartial. I was convicted of ab
senting nryself from my regiment with
out leave and fined $o. The court or
dered that I should return to my com
pany and that the fine should oe de
ducted from my pay.
"Part of the time in the next few
weeks I was in the hospital, and when
I got strong enough I broke thru the
quarantine gua rd and got to Colonel
fidb^t^'Wlio"had succeeded Colonel
a CO man
at Manila. I
was fined $6 a nmd se ndt ack to the hos
Can't Even Get Pay.
I still owe Uncle Sam the two fines,
amounting to $11. owes me for
about a year's enforced service in his
army, and refuses to pay.
"On Sept. 26, 1302, an order came
from General Chaffee to send me back
to the TTnited States. I was placed on
the Sheridan, which sailed from Manila
on Oct. 1, and dropped into the brig like
anv deserter. A soon as we landed
in "San Francisco I was hustled off with
the other prisoners to the Presidio and
there attached as a prisoner to the
Ninth cavalry camp. I lived in a tent,
and for two months I worked about the
reservation with the other prisoners.
"Exactly a year to the davDec. 22
an order came from Washington to
discharge me. as there was no record to
show that I had ever enlisted. I Went
to General Hughes, who was in com
mand, and ask ed him how much pay I
was to receive for the time I had been
compelled to serve in the army. told
me there was nothing coming to me."
To Southern Texas and Beturn, $28.15
Mexico City, $53.55. Bound trip tick
ts on sale via the Minneapolis & -St.'
Louis railway. Liberal limit* slid stop*
over privileges. Call c:. G. Kickel,
City Ticket ,Ai**=t No. 424 Nicollet av*
+lw r\/.*,i*-*- nx- -n*-^
Medicin cures eyes. (Dont smart 25c
Flames with the awful Immanence' Hoodwinks the Oculist. Madden 33y
F. A. Knowlea.