Newspaper Page Text
12 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK.
Congress of American Powers Be
Sessions at Rio de
Prago Doctrine One of the Impor
tant ProblemsAn Inter
Journal 8peoial Service.
Chicago, July 21.A Washington spe
cial to the Tribune says: The most
important of any of. the Pan-American
congresses, with the possible exception
of the first, held sixteen years ago in
Washington, will convene Monday at
Bio de Janeiro.
Treaties will result from the deliber
ations of the congress which not only
will be of value in promoting Pan
American relations, but which are cer
tain to affect the attitude of Europe
toward American questions.
The United States has sent a delega
tion composed of able men to impress
its view of the various subjects to be
discussed upon delegations sent by all
other republics of this hemisphere, with
the sole exception of Venezuela and
Hayti. Fearing the United States
would force the congress to adopt a
principle which might weaken the value
of its splendid isolation,'' Venezuela
declined to accept the invitation to
participate, thereby affronting the
United States as well as Brazil. Hayti
will not take part, not because of lack
of sympathy with the purposes of the
conferences', but owing to the expense
involved in sending delegates to the
distant Brazilian capital.
Nabuco to Be President.
The honorary president of the con
ference will be Baron Rio Branco, min
ister for foreign affairs of Brazil, who
is well and favorably known in the
United States. The congress will elect
its actual president, who probably will
be Sig. Joapuim Nabuco, head of the
Brazilian delegation and ambassador of
Brazil to the United -States.
Sig. Nabuco, just before he sailed
for Brazil, in an interview on the pros
pective work of the conference and the
results that would follow, said:
"Our view of the purposes of the
congress is the same as that entertained
by Mr. Boot. We hold these congresses
are not intended to exercise pressure
on any of the nations to do for the sake
of others what they would not do will
ingly for their own sake. We think, if
these nations determine to do by joint
action, expressed in resolutions voted
in these periodical congresses, what
GREAT WORK IS UP
fulfilled and their usefulness in facit
itating the moral program of our hem
isphere will be subserved.
"In the Bio conference an appeal
will be made to good feeling.
Europe Looks On.
"The coming together of all repub
lics is the principal part of our pro
gram. Europe looks to us to see in
what spirit we behave reciprocally in
our mutual relations. If we show dis
sension, rivalry,, jealousy, then every
body will appreciate these congresses
are destined to play no part in the civ
ilization of the continent, while if we
show harmony, good will, solidarity,
then the value of common American un
derstanding will be made evident.
they had resolved to do by'themselves*
the functions of the congresseewiH= b^ 5Phis wonloV bp the first and? Easiest
The Drago Doctrine.
Injected into the program, after it
had been practically completed at a
preliminary meeting of an international
committee held in Washington last
winter, was one little article-IV.
that is perhaps likely to give rise to
more controversy and excite more
feeling and be generally of greater
importance than any other article. This
concerns the interesting Drago doctrine,
itself an outgrowth of Dr. Calvo 's fa
mous dictum, involving the right of
a nation to use force in the Collection
from other nations of public de'ots. In
the program this takes the form o*
the proposition to allow The Hague
conference to determine this important
question, and as many of the South
American debtor nations are" bitterly
opposed to allowing the creditor, "na-
tions of Europe to pass upon this
vital doctrine, a bitter discussion is
expected'-when the subject comes be
fore the third conference.
Bureau to Be Organized.
Beorganization of the bureau of
American republics so as to greatly en
large the usefulness of that institution
is the very first article of the program.
It is proposed to erect a magnificent
building in Washington for its accom
modation to open a commercial mu
seum in connection therewith, and (a
suggestion based largely upon Latin
American suspicion) to limit the, life
of the bureau to a ten-year period.
Effort for Arbitration*
A strong effort is to be made to bring
about unanimous action of the Ameri
can republics to agree to settle1
bitration all future disputes arising
between them, and to endeavor to have
the approaching Hague conference ap
ply this principle generally to the na
tions of the world.
An International Code.
An almost impossible task is to be
let for a committee of .-jurists of high
repute who are charged with the duty
of drafting a code of public interna
tional law and private interna
tional law" for this is by no means an
exact science at the present moment,,
and the greatest variance exists be
tween the different schools of interna
tional lawyers. It is hoped that, if
the complete code cannot be secured, at
least agreement may be had upon some
useful principles 01 international law.
The conference is .to endeavor to
limit the periodit is suggested to two
years*within which a naturalized citi
zen' may remain in the country of his
Sativity without forfeiting his natural
Development of""commercial inter
course between the American republics
engaged the attention of the first and
second conferences, aj^f was left as a
legaey to this jneetjnj^ It will endeav
or fee, increase rapid-communication by
add^ibnal cable and telegraph lines*
and fast mail linesf',new commercial
treaties are to be proposed 'and commer-
Continued on 2d Page, 4th
Brazil's Ambassador to XT. S,, Who May fi
Preside Over Fan-American sj
HILL CANAL PLAN 1
OBJECT OF ATTACK
Chicago Points Out "Folly"
Great Lakes-Hudson Bay
.^^^^An, Easy Section. ^L^^ILV
seiftion and mi^ht be commercially
profitable. It would give the wheat
raisers of aMnitoba during a. sliort
period of the year an all-water route
to the ocean.
The Nelson river runs from Lake
Winnipeg into Hudson bay. The second
section of the canal would be prot
vided by making this river navigable
To do that would require a great ex
penditure of money because of the'nu
merous falls and other hindrances to.
navigation. It would be cheaper to:
build a railroad. Perhaps in time one
would be built. Even if a canal were
to be oenstructed it would bft "of no
practical value because of the dangers
which boats would encounter in Hud-,
son bay during the brief and uncertain
period of navigation.
On the map the Hudson bay route
looks like a short cut from the Cana
dian northwest to Europe, but the map
takes no acocunt of ice, fogs and other
As Mr. Hill is a clear-headed man, it:
is not likely that he contemplates a
canal to Hudson bay, tho the project
for one from Lake Superior to Lake
Winnipeg may appeal to him. It is
said that the construction of a canal
from Lake Superior to Hudson bay
will make Mr. Hill "practically master
of the transportation business of the
northwest." The cananal cannot be
built without the consent of Canada
which does not intend to let Mr. Hill
become the master of the transportar
tion business within any considerable
part of its territory. The Canadians
view with some disfavor the railroad
enterprises he has in hand in the west
ern part of the Dominion. Until for
mal application shall be made for au
thority to construct the canal it must,
be looked on as an airy scheme.
OUT ONCt MORE
Insubordination and Insolence Is
Ofc^rged Against Him by
Washington, July 21.Public Printer
Stillings today suspended from office
Assistant Foreman W. A. Miller of the
bindery of the government printing
office, for alleged insubordination and
Miller, who is a Minneapolis man,
was the immediate cause of the issu
ance by President Eoosevelt of the
order declaring the government print
ing office and all places where work
men are employed "by the government
to be "open shops."
At the time or his former suspension
and dismissal Miller was called upon
by the bookbinders' union to face cer
tain charges, the outcome of which was
his expulsion from the union. Shortly
afterward he appealed to President
Eoosevelt, with the result that on
July 13, 1903, the president issued the
order referred to and at the same time
1,000 MP HOUSES
:P BN IR YOKOHAMA
Londonr^Tuly 21.A dispatch"* from
Tokio to vthe Daily Telegraph this
morning Btates that a fire at Yokohama
July 20, destroyed 1,000 Japanese
PEOPLE CAN MAKE
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, July 21.The Chicago
Tribune does not take much stock in
the reported plan of James J. Hill to
father a plan for a canal from the
great lakes to Hudson bay. The Chi
cago paper says of the plan in an edi
torial today: "James J. Hill has won
fame as a railroad builder. It is said
that he wishes to add to his fame by
becoming a great canal builder. The
ambitious scheme which he is said to
have in mind is the construction of a
waterway between the great lakes and
Hudson bay. The route is said to have
been surveyed, but it is not said that
the consent of the two governments,
which will have to be consulted, has
been granted or even asked. The
canal is to start on Lake Superior and
go northwestward thru the Bainy river
and the Lake of the Woods to the
Winnipeg river and into Lake Winni-
Alfred Henry Lewis Says Public,
Not Roosevelt, Must Decide
Leading Democrat Says It Is to
Be a Roosevelt-Bryan
Washington, July" 21.Alfred. Henry
Lewis, well known as a .magazine and
newspaper writer, says that President
Roosevelt should run for another term.
He also thinks the people should insist
on the president's candidacy. Mr.
Lewis expresses his view in the. Satur
day Evening Post of July 21.
After declaring that the public alone
is the judge of who shall be president,
he writes: "Being called to-the presi
dency, one must come," adding: "No
man may say he will, no man may say
he won't be president. These are not
uestions for the individual. The White
is no toy. Its bestowal should
not be looked upon in the light of a
Mr. Lewis continues by asserting that
the president's work is a "war half
won,'' and that he now should not seek
'to abandon it, further adding that it is
a matter in which Mr. Roosevelt has no
voice and "is not entitled to so much
as a seat in the gallery while the busi
ness is being discussed."
One of the closing sentences in the
article is significant. It reads:
"Therefore, oh people, should you
want Mr. Roosevelt it is yours to have
him, with none to consult or consider
Says Labor Holds Balance.
Labor will hold the balance of pow
er in the next presidential election and
the candidate who gets the vote will be
our next president. In these calcula
tions the person who fails to include
William R. Hearst as an important fac
tor is blind to the true political condi
i This is the estimate of Former Sena
tor McLaurin of South Carolina, whose
.judgment of the trend of public
thought on the issues of the day has
nlways been regarded in Washington
as of exceptional value. He is one of
those who believe that Roosevelt will
be the nominee of the republican party
Roosevelt vs. Bryan.
"In my opinion ex-Senator McLau
rin said, "there is no doubt whatever
that the- next presidential campaign will
find Roosevelt and Bryan opposed to
each other as the candidates of the re
publican and democratic parties re
spectively. Some way will be found to
get around the objection Mr. Roosevelt
makes to running again. If he is nom
inated it will not be possible for him
to refuse to become a candidate again.
'/President .Roosevelt is responsible^
**:the*^resuscitation of Bryan^I .PjOfifi--
ally, Bryan was,out the fteld^buuhe.
was brought to theo'f front again by
Roosevelt'a advocacy of the radical
views which Bryan originally stood for.
Indeed, Roosevelt is the Best friend
Bryan ever had."
Gtompers on Eight-Hour Rule.
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor yestef
day expressed much pleasure at the de
'termination of the president to have
the eight-hour law strictly enforced.
Activity all along the line in the con
gressional campaign is at hand. Fol
lowing the'announcement of the confer
ence of. the republican leader with Pres
ident Roosevelt and Speaker Cannon,
scheduled for Oyster Bay on Monday,
comes an announcement here that
Chairman "Jim". Griggs of the demo
cratic hosts.will be scouring the demo-
Ciintinued oh 2d Page, 4th Column.
SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 21, 1906.
SAYS "TEDDY" MUST
ALFRED HEOTSft LEWIS,
Wlo 8ays People, Not Jtoosevelt, Hast
Decide Question a:|a Presidency.
MAY TAX ISGEIPTS
BREAK THE RECORD
Real* Estate Owners Pay $80,000
More Than in Same Month
Hennepin county real-estate tax re
ceipts for May, 1906, have shattered
all records. Nearly $80,000 more than
during any other similar period was re1
ceived and credited to local taxpayers,
showing an increase, in the value ori
property as well as in the prosperity
of the citizens.
Up to date there have been 79,299
real-estate tax statements paid. This is
compared to 77,295 statements paid up
to this time one. year ago. Out of the
$,2,015,750.92 paid, in Stay of this year,
$104,930.76 came from country proper
ty and the remahder, from the city.
County Treasurer- Henty C. Hankesaid
today that his country settlement is
completed and that his force is work
ing on the city settlement, which will
be out some time next week.
May is the last month for the pay
ment of the first half of the real-estate
tax, and in that month and in Decem
ber practically'all the "year's taxes are
raid. The May payments for the last
five years are as follows:
Bond Issue of $125,000,000 Will
Be Made to Cover the
Tokio, July 21.The Japanese, gov
ernment has: decided to purchase six
railways by Dec. 1, paying for them
$125,000 000 in 5 per cent bonds, re
deemable in five years. It is believed
that the market will not be disturbed
by the transaction.
__\' .v, A POLITICAL KIDNAPPING.
_v A certain old party is suspected" of having designs upon Teddv Roosevelt.
mIS" ci ,V! fmtW i -X'
Forces Hostile to Douma Make,
Progress Toward that Body's
Ukase Held Back, but Decision Is,
Expected Within Forty
St. Petersburg, July 21.It waB
learned by the Associated Press today
from a particularly well-informed
source, that the: faction favoring a dis
solution of parliament IB still exercis
ing pressure on the), emperor, and that
conferences are progressing, which
within forty-eight hours will definitely
decide the question. The informant of
the Associated Pres believes the
chances are in favor of this momentous
step, which will be accompanied by an
imperial ukase ordering new elections.
Ukase Held Back.
The acute crisis which faced the
country yesterday, however, has been
passed' for the moment.
On Thursday night a decision was
reached to dissolve parliament today,
and a ukase to this effect was actually
prepared, but yesterday when it became
apparent that the constitutional dem-,
ocrats, altho they had obtained a nomi
nal victory, had virtually suffered a de
feat and Were anxious to retrieve their
blunder, it was decided at Peterhof not
to issue the ukase, but to allow mat
ters to drift. This morning Interior
Minister Stolypin notified the chancery
of parliament that he would appear in
the house today and answer interpella
Ultimatum Was Sent.
The Nasha Shisn says that the deci
sion to postpone the dissolution of par
liament was preceded by the receipt of
what was practically an ultimatum
from the Goremykin ministry which de
manded to be allowed to resign or that
it be given a free hand.
The prevailing sentiment at Peterhof
continues to be that a decisive step to
suppress parliament as a revolutionary
center will be necessary in the near
future, but there seems hope that the
open breach between the left and the
constitutional democrats, with the loss
of prestige suffered by the latter, may
so complicate the situation as to render
the task'of the government easier^ All
chance of the formation of a ministry
composed of constitutional democrats
is seemingly ended, as it is plain that
the constitutional democrats no longer
control a parliamentary maiority. The
present situation cannot be prolonged
and many competent judges believe
that matters are rapidly moving to
TJxe^iBlfttf of the ^gua.% regiments
at" pie "capital has been- followed by
the strengthening of the* patrols thru
out the industrial quarters, where the
workmen are greatly excited by the
complete suppression of the socialistic
press. Orders have also been' issued trt
all printing offices to notify the chief
of poliee immediately of any attempt
tp set up the address of the lower house
to the country. The temper of the
masses can bt judged by the ^act that
mobs resisted the closing of the offices
of the socialistic paper last night and
that at meetings of the proletariat or
ganizations at Moscow it was resolved
to make the dissolution of parliament
the signal for a general, strike.
Break on Bourse,
Prices on the. bourse- today broke
sharply at the opening imperial fours
and fives each losing a/full point, but
Continued on 2d Page, 4th Column.
jri^ikD C00L3B* ^OSlQSXAim SUNDAY*
PRESIDENT PORFIRO DIAZ.
Who Has Called His Governors Into Coun
cil to Head Off a Threatened Uprising.
RULE OF FOREIGN
Mexican Agitators Claim Nation
Has Been Made Servant of
New Orleans, July 21."It will
probably be necessary for the United
States to throw an army across the
Mexican border in order to protect i
American citizens. The anti-foreign
sentiment has grown to such an extent
that I do not believe the Mexican gov
ernment can cope with it."
This statement was made by E. J.
Mathes, one of a party of fifty Ameri
can men, women and children who left
Mexico because of anti-foreign threats
and passed thru New Orleans late last
night en route to Cincinnati. Mr.
"One of the most alarming features
of the situation is the fact that the
Mexican servants have joined in the
anti-foreign movement, and. tfie wives
of foreigners are in mortal terror of
their families being poisjofeed. The
anti-foreign movement is
the nbrth^iC and centra^
"The educated clas of Mexicans is
not in sympathy with the anti-foreign
movement, but is in a hopeless minor
ity. The army is recruited from the
lower classes and cannot be relied
Is It Strike or Revolution?
For some time past rumors have been
rife in- almost all the large cities-in
Mexico which may portend anything
from a great.strike of the laboring ele
ment to a revolution against President
Diaz. Circulars have Deen posted in
Tklonterey, Saltillo, San Luis Potpsi
and other large cities warning all for
eigners to leave the country before
Sept. 16, the independence day of the
republic. The circular says in sub-
Domination of Foreign Capital.
"We desire Mexico for the Mexicans
and warn all foreigners that if they do
not leave the country by Sept. 16, they
will be 'driven-into the sea.'
"The principal industries and busi
ness of the republic are in the hands of
foreigners, principally Americans. The
railroads, altho they apparently belong
to the nation, are the exclusive property
of Americans the Americans direct
them. The mining industry is largely
controlled by the roreign element, and
our nation, heretofore independent, has
been made the servant of foreign capi-
The government has been making
preparations to control the situation.
IS DETROIT PLAN
Mayor Codd Will Have Park Em
ployees Put Up the
t,^-^ Frosted Drink*.
E UNE^ CENT IN MINNEAPOLIS.
Detroit, July 21.-Major Oodd is in
earnest in his campaign for municipal
ice houses. City plants will be estab
lished next winter and ice. will be fur
nished the householders of Detroit at
the actual cost of production.
I have taken this matter up with
Park Commissioner Breitmeyer and the
water commissioners,'' said Mr. Codd.
"The plan is to erect a number of ice
houses on the water board property,
|ust east of the pumping station. The
ice can be cut principally around Belle
Isle, which the city of Detroit owns.
"The park department has a number
of men and superintendents, who have
very little to do in the winter months.
The work of cutting and storing the ice
can be put in their charge.
"The cost to the consumer can be
held down to the actual cost of the
maintenance of the municipal ice de
partment. The plan would be a god
send to the struggling poor.
"It would be my aim to supply the
householders first. Later we could ex
tend the scope of our operation.
TOOK LIFE BY DRIYING
MILS INTO HER BRAIN
Paragould, Ark., Jafr'l.-^Word has
been received here-^oj .-the death of
Mrs. Azalia ThojhpJEHW$ 70 years old,
near Losado, twenty mile* distant, from
having herself driven two ten-penny
nails into her head with suicidal intent.
She was blind and partially deaf and
had once before attempted suicide by
cutting her throat
TO PEACE TERMS
Central American War Is Over
Peace Terms Call for Closer
TROOPS TO LEAVE
THE FIELD AT ON&3
Terms Were Signed on an Ameri
can Ship on the High \,-i.
Washington, July 81. Amerieaa
Ministers Merry and Combs today ad
vised' the state department that Hon
duras, Guatemala and Salvador had
signed the following articles ox peaces
Article 1Peace established irtth-v
drawal of armies within three days die
armament in eight days.
Article 2Exchange of prisoners* v%
the release of political prisoners genr*
era! amnesty recommended.
Article 8-Vigilance of emigrados i
order to prevent abuse of asylum.
Article 4To negotiate treaty of
friendship, commerce and navigation!'
within two months.
Article 5Any difficulties over treaty
and all future concrete complaint* be
tween the three countries shall be sub
mitted to arbitration by the president
of the United States and the president
Article 6This treaty made with the
moral sanction of the mediating na
tions and others assisting at the con*
ference, namely, Costa Baca and Nt*
Terms Signed on Ship.
San Jose, Guatemala, July 21.'A3
treaty of peace between Guatemala,
Salvador and Honduras was signed yes
terday on board the United States
cruiser Marblehead, on the high seas
off the coast of Guatemala. The Mexi
can minister, Senor Gamboa, was ac*
tive in bringing about an agreement*
The peace commissioners adopted res*
olutions thanking the presidents of the?
United States and Mexico for their in
__________ i i
Roosevelt Is Pleased.
Oyster Bay, July 21.Presidenf
Roosevelt was unofficially informed
last night of the signing of the treaty
of peace between Guatemala, Salvador
and Honduras on board the American
cruiser Marblehead. The news was very
gratifying. SOUND OF GMNON
Uncle' Joe Virtually Admits that
He Would Like to Run
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, HI., July 21.Speaker Can
non, who is here enroute to Oyster Bay,
to confer with President Eoosevelt in
regard to the congressional campaign,
when asked about his presidential can
didacy, virtually admitted the im
Eeachment that he would be a candidate)
i 1908. i A
He did not use the language of affir
mation, but only the most stupid
servers could fail to see that the sa^ge.1?Job-
of Danville was looking forward with' 4
assurance and satisfaction to the day
when the republicans of the eighteenth.
senatorial district would launch higr "j
"Am I a candidate for the presfc
dential nomination!" mused the vet*V^
eran. "Well, now, it is a long time be*
fore the republican party will nominate)
a candidate and we will know more af
ter we have crossed a stream or two*
this side of the republican national con
vention. A new house of representa
tives is to be elected next fall and aftec
the returns are in and we know wher
we stand, there still will be time ta
pick a candidate for president.
"Of course, you have heard that the)
republicans of your district expect to
launch your presidential boom next
monthf" was suggested.
"Well, we are going to have a eon-,
vention down there in ^.ugust," re*
plied "Uncle Joe," parrying the point
of the question, ''and I shall bo
'among those present.' It will be held
at Danville, my home, and I have prom
ised myself and friends that I will b
TAX DODGERS" i
CAUGHT BY J. HAM
Chicago Rich Men Sent Sect_itie
to New York, but Were
Journal Special Serrica,
Chicago. July 21.Having discovered
in New York the secretion of a large
amount, said to be at least $20,000,000
worth, of securities and bonds owned
by Chicago people, Corporation Counsel
Lewis returned to Chicago late yes
terday afternoon and will ask that the
board of review assess this property.
The colonel says he will first not if
the various banks and trust companies
accused of having sent the securities
east in order to avoid their taxation,
and if the concerns so desire he will
permit them to schedule this property
without making their names public.
As the result of his investigation
Colonel Lewis believes the city will re
ceive between $200,000 and #1,000,000
in additional taxes.
BIG PACKERS REACH'
gtiEOR ENGLISH SITES
iSndoni^uty t\.-*The London news
papers report that a number Chicago
meat packer* contemplate opewng pack
ing house* and warehouses injtlos coun
try. They add that sites in Lancashire
^nd London are being inspected, but &-
names are mention*? ,._