Newspaper Page Text
Minneapolis to New York 36
New York to Cherbourg 140
Cherbourg to Paris 5
Paris to St. Petersburg 47
St. Petersburg to Moscow...... 12
Moscow to Dalny 408
Dalny to Shlmonosekl..... 60
Shlmonosekl to Yokohama...... 12
Yokohama to Seattle 288
Seattle to Minneapolis 58
Time lost waiting connections.. 134
Or fifty days.
FOGG, the picturesque
hero one of Jules Verne's
stories went around the world
in eighty days.
He might easily make the same trip
today in sixty-four days, traveling on
the regular schedule time of the British
He might even make the circuit in
fifty days, if he didn't waste more than
five days en route waiting for connec
The best record thus far is that of
Henry Frederick, who in 1903, went
around the world in 54 days 7 hours
20 minutes. He traveled eastward and
at the same time James W. Sayre of
Seattle, traveling westward, made it in
64 days 9 hours 42 minutes.
In a year or two it is probable the
trip in forty-five days will be possible.
The British bimonthly mail for
Hongkong heretofore has traveled east
ward by the Suez canal, consuming
thirty-four days in going from London.
It now travels westward by fast Cana
dian Pacific expresB and by steamships
in thirty days, or sixty-four days in all.
It is a curious fact that the distance
from London to Hongkong eastward is
HEN the balloonist has as
cended a mile or so above
the earth and having cut
loose his parachute begins his swift and
ierilous descent, what are his sensa-
William Mattern, the Chicago aero
naut, recently made a perilous voyage
across Lake Michigan from Oconto,
Wis., to Wolverine, Mich., preferring to
risk his life to an airship with,a broken
propeller, rather than be Branded as a
coward and fakir by the crowd that had
assembled to see him fly. He has had
many thrilling experiences in the air
with all kinds of apparatus. The above
question was put to him by a Chicago
reporter and he made this reply:
"The first shock is a terrific one, as
the bag of the parachute must have
time to fill. Until it does fill the man
who is dropping goes straight down
with fearful velocity. JuSt imagine
yourself stepping off a skyscraper! If
the bag doesn't fill you strike the
ground at this frightful speed and are,
of course, instantly killed.
Two Types of Parachute.
"Let me explain that there aTe in
general use two types of parsgehute.
One is a large circular piece of cstavas,
with a circular hole in the center. (Hope
is sewed in the seams around the outer
edge and around the central hole. From
the outer edge of the piece, and also
of the edges of the inner hole, thin
ropes run downward to a ring which the
aeronaut holds. The parachute thus
differs from a big umbrella by reason
of the central opening, thru which a
certain amount of air passes. Without
the central opening the parachute would
sway and soar dangerously.
''The other type has no lines running
to the central opening. In descent this
parachute, fifteen or eighteen feet in
diameter, arches from the outer ropes.
This is the type now most commonly
"The older method of dropping was
like this: The parachute was hung in
the netting of the balloon, the hang
ring accessible to the balloonist. When
a sufficient height was reached, and
when the situation below seemed favor
able to a landingno man whose bal
loon was not afire or who had not been
carried in an unexpected direction
would drop among house roofsthe bal
loonist swung loose, his weight snapped
tfle small cord that held the parachute
in the netting, and the descent began.
The Most Modern Way.
"The more modern way is to have
the parachute immediately under the
balloon, taking the place of the balloon
car, the aeronaut sitting in a ring or
on a bar.
"Here he cuts loose to begin his de
scent. The advantage of this method
is that there is less swaying at the be-
inning than in the case of a descent
one side of the car or trapeze bar.
"That moment of leaping off or of
120 degrees of longitude, while west
ward it is 240 degrees. It happens,
however, that the eastward route is
largely thru the tropics, while the west
ward is thru the temperate zone. A
degree at the equator is sixty miles,
but on the fiftieth parallel it is only
36.8 miles. So that the actual distance
is about the same by either route. The
Canadian route affords more railroad
travel and that's where the four days
If, however, the Trans-Siberian rail
road were open to steady and regular
travel, it would afford by far the short
est route from London to the orient.
That route, then, must be chosen by the
Minneapolis man who wants to break
the world cycling record.
Supposing, then, that our Minneapolis
record breaker starts on his trip east-
HOW IT FEELS TO MAKE
A PARACHUTE DESCENT
cutting loose is as thrilling as anything
that can happen to a human being. The
earth is far, far below, Perhaps, the
band music or the great chorus of cries
from the crowd has died away, altho
sounds carry an immense distance in
the. sky. The horizon, has eomeirp like
the ,rjin- of a saucerf or you must re
member that the horizon rises with you
while the earth immediately beneath
ou falls away. You have glanced-,
into this great saucer-and made"
the best guess you can as to which
patch of green or bit of level space'ia
really just beneath you.
"Then down, down, down you go,
your heart stopping and a, peculiar
tingling creeping up from your toes,
waiting for your parachute to open.
"One hundred feettwo hundred
feet, and there is no pull from the para
chute. You are dropping just as if
you had stepped off the skyscraper
roof. Two hundred and fifty feet, and
you may say to yourself, as I did the
last time: 'If I land Bafe this time
"This long, full, free drop of from
100 to 300 feetit is generally 300 feet
on the side-jump plan and at least 100
on the straight cut-awayis a sensa
tion that can only be described as ter
Moment Before the Parachute Opens.
"These are what the literary people
call psychological moments. Of course,
you say to yourselfand a man can
say a good many things to^imself in a
few secondsthe bag will fill. It's got
to fill. You shook it loose. You ex
amined all the cords before you went up.
BUT SUPPOSE IT DOESN'T?
"And down you go, waiting with
every nerve for that pull of the string.
"Three hundred feetand now the
bag strings begin to pullthe bag is
"Then there is a pronounced jerk, a
firm, comforting pull, and you are no
longer fallingyou are being lowered
to the ground.
Not gently, mind you. You are still
flying thru the air at a lively clip. The
horizon is coming down with you. The
big saucer of the earth is getting shal
lower arid shallower. Cries begin to
rise again, and these increase to a great
roar if you are near the crowd.
"You try to look down.
"You no longer have any choice, but
ward. He would figure out an itiner
ary something like this:
Minneapolis to New York, via Chicago
New York to Cherbourg (ship) 140
Cherbourg to St. Petersburg (rail) 52
St. Petersburg to Dalny (rail) via Trans
Siberian and Manchurian system 420
Dalny to Shlmonosekl (ship) 60
Shlmonosekl to Yokohama (rail) 12
Yokohama to Seattle (ship) 288
Seattle to Minneapolis (rail) 58
Or 44 days 10 hours.
One must add several days for con
nections en route, so that a record of
fifty days would be remarkably good.
The new turbine Cunarders will cross
the Atlantic in four and one-half days,
but the time thus saved, would be lost
in crossing England. So the globe
circler would better take a French
there will be work for your feet to do
if it is only to avoid straddling a
fence, for instance.
Then there is a sudden, sharp shock,
the ground which has been sweeping up
at you slaps you roughly on the feet
you tumble in a heap.
"You have landed, and the parachute
over you. If you are not' dead the
paraenute is not a pall, and you crawl
ut panting, very, very glad it is all
TRUST'S GRIP ON SOAP
ENfiLISH MAKERS' PLAN
Manufacturers of United Kingdom
Negotiate for Huge
Special Cable' to The Journal.
London, Oct. 20.Negotiations arV
in progress for the formation of a
"combine" among the largest firms'
of soapmakers in the country and are
shortly expected to be successfully cpn-i
With the exception of Messrs. Ogs
ton and Tennant of Glasgow and Aber-'
deen, the firms concerned are alL.sit
uated south of the Tweed, more espe
cially in the Midlandsthe manufac
turing center of the soap trade.
The price of soap has been gradually
going u, and in the event of the
"combine" being formed the cost may.
be still further increased. The keen'
competition among the makers andthe
dearness of the raw materials are given
as the reasons for the proposed amal
gamation. One effect this will have, it
is said, will be the stoppage of the
practice of giving presents for soap
INFERIOR AUTOS HURT U. S.
Shoddy Machines Sent to Australia
Sour Purchasers' Hearts.
Washington, Oct. 20.Somebody" na&
been hurting America by sending shod
dy automobiles to Australia. The con
suls report that there was a time a few
years ago, when the American machines
had the whole call in that part of the
world, but that low-grade cars of in
ferior workmanship have spoiled it all,
and American sales there now are rare.
In the meantime the French have come
in and gobbled the trade, most of the.
automobiles now coming to the country,
being of French, manufacture.
liner landing,him at Havre or a German
liner for Cherbourg, Bremen- or Ham
burg on the continent. The Trans
Siberian trains run only twice a week
and a steamer must be' selected that
will permit close connections at Mos
cow. It is five b.ouTS from Cherbourg
to Paris, forty-seven hours from Paris
to St. Petersburg ,,and twelve hours
from St. Petersburg to Moscow. An
other twelve hours must be added for
connections. From Bremen to Moscow
is about thirty-six hours, but of course
it takes longer to get from New York
to Bremen than to Cherbourg.
Once on the Trans-Siberian express,
there is nothing to do but hope for the
best. In a few years the train will
make it in ten days instead of seven
teen as now. It would not do to go
thru to Vladivostok, as there are no
sure boat connections there for Japan.
THE FUTURE KAISER OF GERMANY
QUICK- E- ?2- O UJ^TJD TT i~t&- Vs/OULD ROOTS-
This may look like the picture of a bright hut ordinary, every-day ha by. As a matter of fact, it is the
grandson of the present kaiser, "Prinz Wilhelm, the Youngest," and destined probably to rule the vaterland
some day. The picture is from a popular postcard in Germany, a copy of which Frauelein Schoen-QRene brought
back with her.
BY AMERICAN WOMAN
British Lord's Suit Said to Have
Been Spurned by Mrs.
English Peer, Whose Proposal of Mar
riage Is Said to Have Been Rejected by
Mrs. Adair, a Dashing American
Special Cable to The Journal.
London, Oct. 20.In society the lat
est story going-the rounds is that Lord
Kitchener has proposed to Mrs. Adair,
and "has been refused-by the wealthy
and fascinating American widow. This
is heard from no less than half, a dozen
different people, who were so full of it,
they could talk of nothing else.
That Lord Kitchener should make such
a proposal did not impress them las at
all-improbable, ut they expressed un
bounded amazement that any. woman
could be foundand especially an
American womanto refuse an offer
of marriage from a man who is a peer,
and is popularly regarded as .the greatest
British general of modern, times. But
Mrs. Adair knows Lord Kitchener prob
ably better than any other woman. And
A new line has been announced with
four or five sailings a month between
Vladivostok and Hakodate, Japan, but
this route is not yet well worked out.
It is better to change at Sungari junc
tion to the Manchurian railway' and
journey to Dalny. There are triweekly
steamers from Dalny for Shimonoseki,
whence a train for Yokohama can be
secured and at this Japanese port a
Canadian Pacific steamship must be
taken for Vancouver, or one of the
Great Northern fast, new boats for
Seattle. The latter frequently cut off
a day or two on the run to Seattle. A
Great Northern train would land the
traveler in Minneapolis at 9:30 p.m.,
fifty-eight hours later.
Prince Hilkoff, the Russian minister
of railways, made a prediction a, few
years ago that it would soon be possible
to go around the world in thirty-three
she can better judge than anybody else
what sort of husband this masterful
man would be likely to make.
The story may or may not be true.
If Lord Kitchener proposed marriage to
Mrs. Adair, is must have been by post,
for he is still in India. It was there
he first met Mrs.-Adair some years ago,
and that she should have won his
friendship, may be accounted a great
triumph for her, for he is generally re
garded as a confirmed misogynist. She
is' said to' be exceedingly annoyed at
the turn affairs have taken, since there
will" now be a difficulty about main
taining that friendship on the old foot
WILLSJ I FE FORTUNE
IF SHE STAYS SINGLE
Millionaire* Who Married Woman
He Divorced, Jealous Till
Newport* R. I., Oct. 20.James A.
Garland, a young multi-millionaire,
who created" a sensation three years
ago by. remarrying the woman he had
divorced, left her the use of virtually
all his large estate in his will, provided
she remains single.
It was said he remarried her because
he was jealous of the ^attentions of
others. Before he died he fixed it so
she will not be likely to choose another
Upon her death.the income of the es
tate goes to three sonsOharles, James,
and Hamiltonand upon the death of
their survivors to Harvard college for
aid of poor students. Garland left per
sonal property worth $10,000,000, and
there is much real estate.
Mrs. Garland receives an income of
$10,000 a year, provided-she does not
remarry also, on the same condition,
the use of the fine country place on
Prudence Island, in Narragansett bay*
TO INSTALL TROLLEY CABS.
By W. W Jermane. i
Washington, Oct. 20.The street rail
roads in Adelaide, Australia,
been bought byT
days, as follows:
the government'justehav for
$1,400,000. The cars have heretofore
been run by horsepower, but the gov
ernment will pnt.jn an,electrical plant
In Denmark It Is. tjie law that aU drunken
peraons shall be taken to their homes in-car
riages provided at the expense of the publican
.who sold them .the-last glass, i
New York to Bremen 7
Bremen to St. Petersburg IY2
St. Petersburg to Vladivostok 10
Vladivostok to San Francisco 10
San Francisco to New York 4%
But Prince Hilkoff's figures have
never yet been approached. Instead
of ten days from St. Petersburg to
Vladivostok it takes seventeen and
often longer, and instead of ten days
from Vladivostok to San- Francisco
the fastest steamers take twelve from
Yokohama to Vancouver and anywhere
from three to a week must be added to
this for getting from Vladivostok to
Yokohama^ Again,' he made no allow
ance for time lost in making connec
The fact that Prince Hilkoff pre
dicted ten-day trains across Asia is
good evidence that they are not only
FILTHY PORTO RIGANS
FAILURES IN HAWAII
Uncleanliness and Nomadic Hab
its Work Against the
Washington, Oct. 20.Perhaps ydu
have i wondered whatever became of
that shipload' of Porto Bicans taken to
the Hawaiian islands some years ago
as an experiment to see if our over
crowded island in the Atlantic could
not supply the demand' for labor in
our under-crowded islands in the Pa
cific. Well, they are out there in
Hawaii yet, but the first lot was
enough. No more Porto Bicans for
This experiment was made in 1901.
The first load was followed by others
until slightly over 2,000 laborers and
their families had been taken' to the
far-famed "crossroads of the Pacific"
and the department of commerce and
labor has just finished looking them up
to see how they are getting along. The
reports from Hawaii are not reassur
The Porto Eicans will work all right.
In fast, they are described' as fairly
good workers, but they are not clean
and will not pay any attention to the
Here are the weather signs of the
curious "weather plant" (abrus prae
catorius), which Professor Joseph
Friedrieli Nowack of London discov
ered and in which J. Pierpont Morgan
is so interested that he has imported
a number of the plants: Abrus belongs
to the leguminous or pea family and is
a native only in Cuba and Mexico, altho
it is. known in" Germany as a cultivated
plant under the name.of the "Pater
I saw one of the plants for the first
time in 1884 -while traveling in Bel-
gium," said Professor Nowack. "As a
friend of plant life, I was interested in
it, and a few days later made the dis
covery that it seemed to mark all' of
the weather changes. I got some of the
plants and tried to cultivate them. Af
ter several failures I finally succeeded
in getting one of them to grow and
The real scientific value of the plant
did not dawn on me until about a year
later, when, on a summer day at noon
and under a cloudless sky, the feather
ing leaves suddenly underwent a vio
lent disturbance. They abandoned their
accustomed upright position and got
into all kinds of zigzag attitudes. They
appeared to be in a terrible temper
about something and sulked for three
hours or more before they resumed their
normal position. All attempts to get
the leaves to return to their sulk failed
and I realized then that it must have
been due to some sudden atmospheric
disturbance that was not visible-to the
THE "WEATHER PLANT" AND I
HOW IT MAKES PREDICTIONS
possible but that it is the intention of
the Russian government to have them
in operation. It is not improbable'
that they may be running next year, in,
which event it should be easy to re-lff'
duce Mr. Frederick's record by nearly5|r
a week to forty-eight or even forty-K"
If the dream of tunneling Bering^!
straits between Alaska and Siberia iflPJp
ever realized, the world will be circled^
in about twenty-eight days, the ^ourneyr"
from New York to Cherbourg being the
only sea voyage in the trip. Here are^S
Minneapolis to New York 20.
New York to Paris 14*-
Paris to St. Petersburg 4ff
St. Petersburg to Bering strait............. 813
Bering to Minneapolis ISA
Or 28 days 2 hours.
By that time, too, we may be travel*
ing 100 miles an hour or more by elec4'ji
trie motorsor we may be flying i$f
I airships! rules of sanitation so necessary to the
best health in a semitropieal climate.
They are the. dirtiest people in Hawaii,
and the women are not in any sense
home bodies or home makers. But even
at that they are much better off in every
waybetter fed and better clothed*
than they were in Porto Rico.
In 1902 there were 2,036 of these
laborers on the plantations of the
islands, but at the present time the
number is not over 1,800 or 1,900.
Some few have returned home, but the
most of those who have left plantation
eeventy: having become superintendents, seven
ty-nine have found employment in the
transportation service of the islands,
four hayesSe positions in administra
tion o^T'ther government and others are
in the mechanical trades and in miscel
The chief complaint against them,
outside of their filthy habits, is that
on account of the Porto Bican women
having none of the home instincts these
laborers are very hard to keep in one
place. They will wander about the
islands and seldom work more than one
season on the same plantation, while
the Chinese and Japanese laborer is as
steady as the clock, with each individu
al striving to accumulate enough to get
a small holdinff of his own. There is
also some slight indication in the fig
ures procured by the department that
the Porto Bicans are a decaying race
and' in time will disappear from the
islands. Certainly they do not show
any natural increase, the total numbe*
there growing a little smaller each
year, just as the native Hawaiians art
"Exactly three days later there cams
a terrific thunder shower accompanied
by a heayy fall of hail. There wa
an immediate response on the part of
the plant, the leaves in a mild sort of
way going into the sulks as they had
done seventy-two hours before. I then,
began a series of experiments by whichf
I established the truth of my first eup^'
position that the plants were peculiar
ly susceptible to every change in the'
weather, however slight it might be.
"Year after year I continued my ob
servations, and in time became so in*
timately acquainted with the plant that
I could foretell atmospheric changes
with a considerable degree of accuracy.
My research into tthe
subject finally led
me to. formulate a new .system of mete
orological study for the forecasting of
weather conditions, and this is now re
duced to a perfectly scientific basis.
"The public'must not get the im
pression that the mere possession of
one of the plants is sufficient to make
every man his own weather forecaster.
"To me the plant is merely the
needle of the delicate seismograph. To
make it useful for meteorological pur
poses it demands years of treatment
and study. The exact location of its
magnetic meridian must be known also,
and, again, the age and environment of
the particular plant under observation
will count in the results. The plant
must* be educated before it is able to
make its language intelligble to the ob
eerver. When that point is,reached its
weather signals become as plain as A,
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