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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, November 11, 1906, Part II, Editorial Section, Image 11

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1906-11-11/ed-1/seq-11/

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Mattorial Section
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Isaac Marcosson in World's Work.
AF.CARAVAN
made its way
slowly out of the Arabian
desert and halted on the
bank of the Tigris river. The cam
els, with many grunts, knelt, and the
turbaned Arabs began to unload the
packs. A lithe, tanned young Ameri
can carefully watched some tawny
packagcs, wrapped in matting, as they
were conveyed to the deck of a P. & O.
steamer that drifted lazily at its an
chorage. Beyond the camels gleamed
the mosques and minarets of Bagdad
far away to the right stretched the yel
low sands of the desert, and all around
was the brilliant green of oriental vege
tation.
An English tourist, wb,q had watched
the unloading with interest Approached
the young American and asked:
"What is in those packages?"
"Date palms for America," was the
You don't mean that "you. are grow
ing dates in America?" asked the tour
ist in great astonishment.
"Yes," was the reply.
"And who are you", may I ask?"
queried the Englishman.
"An agricultural explorer from the
department of agriculture," said the
American.
Today those palms, gathered in the
valley of the Tigris, are growing in an
Arizona desert. They are part of 3,000
palm trees in various sections of our
arid region that promise to contribute
in a few years to our regular crops a
fruit peculiarly oriental. They repre
sent part of the far-reaching work of
the office of seed and plant introduc
tion of the department of agriculture.
For years we depended on our con
suls and naval officers for the introduc
tion of foreign crops and fruits. They
came in other wavs, too. The Francis
can friars brought alfalfa seed to Cal
ifornia and from it grew a crop that
now covers millions of acres. They
also planted some olive cuttings from
which a thousand orchards have orown
A visitoi at the capitol grounds at
Washington called the attention of the
superintendent to the navel orange, re
sulting in the introduction of this va
riety which has enriched many Amer
icans. A consul in South Africa sent
in some grams of Kaffir corn which has
given our western farmers a drought
resistant crop worth millions of dollars
every year. But there was no system.
We imported fruits and vegetables yet
the whole foreign plant kingdom stood
NOBLE'S SOU
KING E
New Employment for Impecunious
Aristocrats Suggested by
Britain's Rulers.
Correspondence of The Journal.
London, Nov. 1.King Edward has
made a wise and practical suggestion.
He says it would be a good thing for
some of the younger sons of the aris
tocracy if they sought positions as
chefs. This idea was the outcome of
an incident which took place while- the
king was recently visiting Lord and
Lady Colebrooke. His majesty and his
hostess returned from a motor drive
one evening about 7:30 when Lady to reach it. Mrs. James Henry says
Colebrooke was told in the presence of she will have to give him lessons in
the king, b^ an indiscreet young foot
man, that there was no dinner in
progress as the chef was drunk in bed.
An almost identical incident occurred
a year ago when the king was visiting
the Sassoons.
King Edward sees nothing deroga
tory in any kind of work and in sug
gesting a new "profession" for the
numerous younger sons of impecunious
noblemen he knows of what he is talk
ing. Good chefs earn anything from
$1,000 to $25,000 per annum and their
behavior of late is, as Mark Twain
would say, "causing remark." The
male chef is the fashion and the king's
notion is that were hard-up scions of
the aristocracy to take up the calling
they would earn much more money
than they could hope to get by going
in for business, for which their training
ill fits them. And they would start
with' the initial advantage of knowing
what dishes appeal most to luxuriously
Cultivated palates and appetites.
Furthermore, as their duties -would
be restricted to the kitchen, matrons
anxious above all things that their
daughters should wed wealth, would see
l^ta
Bow Uncle\Saitis Scientist.
Are Ransacking
Lands ^/Qr
.is.
SE-I^^E-E-Jvx, CAIRO, E(?YPT,
ready to be conquered for the Ameri
can farmer.
In the early nineties a young man
from Michigan named David Fairchild
worked in the department of agricul
ture at Washington. His father,
George Fairchild, had drawn the bill
providing for the first agricultural ex
periment station in the United States.
Young Fairchild decided to go to Eu
rope to study plant diseases. Some of
his friends in the department tried to
dissuade him from it, saying that it
was wasting his time, but he went. On
the steamer he met Barbour Lathrop,
a traveler making his third trip around
the world. One day in the smoking
room young Fairchild told of his de
sire to explore plants in Java and to
study bacteria*,, under Professor Koeh
Berlin. Suddenly his companion
said:"
'"Why study microscopic stuff! .What
you want to study are plants that men
can use."
"But I haven't the means," replied
Mr. Fairchild, tho the suggestion made
a deep impression on him. Six months
later, when he was working at the Na
ples Zoological station Mr. Lathrop
came to see him and said: "I've de
cided to send you to Java." After
studying two years in Germany, Mr.
Fairchild joined his patron, and they
went on an extensive tour thru the
Malay archipelago and China. Mr.
Fairchild sent- home hundreds of speci
mens, including the mangosteen,
"queen of tropical fruits," now being
growp in the United States.
On his return Mr. Fairchild found
that a bill was pending iu congress
for a seed appropriation. He saw the
opportunity to introduce foreign crops
so he said to Secretary Wilson: "Why
not put in a clause allowing you $20,-
U00 for introducing new varieties?"
The secretary approved and the appro
priation was made, thus making possi
ble the office of seed and plant intro
duction. Mr. Fairchild was placed in
charge. The guiding principle from the
start was: "Get the living seeds and
plants that promise to be distinctly
useful and eliminate the element of
finding curious and new species which
has so largely entered into botanical
investigation.''
"We won't send out botanists,"
said Mr. Fairchild. 'What shall we call
our agents?"
"Agricultural explorers," said some
one in the office.
Thus the title was introduced, and
no risk in having their matrimonial
plans upset by engaging poor voung
honorables to supervise their culinary
departments. Always practical, hi's
majesty told the Colebrookes that if
his suggestion was taken up he would
see that a gentleman chef got the first
chance when a vacancy occurred in any
of the royal palace kitchens.
"Silent" Smith a Crank.
"Silent" Smith, as the late "Chi
cag o" Smith's millionaire nephew has
been dubbed, has been staying with
his bride at Tanderagee castle, in Ire
land, with the Manchesters. The
duchess is devoted to her great friend,
Mrs. Smith, but she told someone I
know, "the most difficult man in the
world to entertain is James Henry
Smith for it did not matter what you
did for him he never looked anything
but bored."
The one person he shows the'slight
est interest in is his wife, who can just
twist- him round her little finger. If
she took a fancy to the moon he would
have a ladder built and climb himself
manners towards women. He cant put
on properly a lady's evening cloak to
save his soul and his clumsy attempts
at little courtesies towards women
amuse everyone considerably. When
ladies are present he is even more silent
than usual. While at Tanderagee he
spent his happiest time in the nursery
with the little ducal offspring. Imagine
him on all fours crawling around the
room with Uttle Viscount Mandeville
on his back! The duchess, much to the
silent one's vexation, caught a snap
shot of him thus engaged.
Makes Good Match.
From a social point of view.' Miss
Annie Benkard, who is a daughter of
Henry M. Benkard of New York, is
gaged to
doing
v. -,w. ^uia,
Ae*fl
NewTbod Mant.
&<%
r**W
ing up.and reducing their crop.
iS
Corbet'
son. well,Colonel
"Theet. Corbets are one of the oldest and mos
swagger families in Shropshire, where
in their ancestors have dwelt for cen
turies. But of worldly goods they, have
little.
The Corbets are very delighted over
the engagement as apart from the fact
that th,e bride-to-be has moneyj she
"%f
these explorers have invaded Indian
jungles endured the hardships- of Si
berian steppes sweltering in the burn
ing heat of the Sahara, and risked their
lives in the plague districts of Bombay.
They have touched at every continent
and penetrated many lands, and the
fruits of their daring endeavors are on
a thousand American farms.
The First Explorers.
There was plently of work to be
done. Western farmers wanted an al
falfa that would resist drouth N. E.
Hansen "Went to Bussia and Bussian
Turkestan, and brought back the Turk
estan alfalfa which was practically
drouth proof and which yielded a larg
er crop than^.rthe ordinary variety.
Thousands of western acres we- -ow
producing this hew alfalfa.
For years the .wheat growers of the'
northwest complained that rust
was'
eat-
W
must import a rust-proof wheat," said
the department officials. M. A. Carle
ton went to Russia and obtained the
hardy variety known as durum wheat
which has revolutionized wheat-grow
ing in semi-arid regions. I yields
four bushels more to the acre than the
softer wheat formerly grown there
and is a sure crop, and less liable to
disease. Last vear 1,330,000 acres
produced 20,000,000 bushels, yielding
the farmers $1,500,000.
The rice growers of Louisiana and
Texas complained that most of the nu
tritive quality of the grain was de
stroyed in the polishing process in the
mills, and that too many of the grains
became broken. There was need of a
new short-kerneled rice so Dr. S. A.
Knapp went to explore Japan to ob
tain a variety from a nation that
owed its sustenance to rice. He intro
duced the Kiushu variety. Today half
of the rice grown in our great rice pro
ducing district is of this kind. It re
duces the per cent of breakage in mill
ing from forty to ten yields two to'
three barrels more to the acre than the
long-kerneled kind, and has a better
straw for fodder.
There was need of new crops for the
irrigated region of the west. Mr.
Fairchild went to Egypt and found in
the fertile valley of the Nile the great
est of irrigated forage cropsberseem.
On this the Egyptian peasant has de
pended for centuries to nourish the soil,
for it imparts nitrogen. It is planted
in the late autumn, and the same
is also a pretty and interesting girl.
It came about in quite a romantic
way.
Miss Benkard and some friends were
motoring thru Shropshire, which is
one of the most beautiful counties in
England, and just outside Longnor, the
Corbets' place, the "car" came to
grief. Young Joseph happened to be
passing- at the time and went to the
assistanee of the victims: whom he
invited into the house until the chauf
feur had fixed things up. Between him
and Annie Benkard it was quite a case
of love at first sight and the upshot is
that they are to be married about the
middle of next month, and dressmak
ers work day and night to finish up
the trousseau.
At the instance of Comtesse de Cas
tellane, who, everyone knows, was
Anna Gould before her marriage, a
daughter of Jay Gould, an agent has
been commissioned to find her a Lon
don house or flat. Thus we hope soon
to find her among us. She is heartily
sick and tired of Paris, and when her
divorce case is settled, hopes to leave
it for a considerable time. Her doctors
and her friends have suggested this,
as they think it is essential for her to
get into a totally new environment as
the best means of inducing her to for
get the horrors she has been going
thru. Notwithstanding all de Castel
lane's brutalities, they say she loves
him still. One expected better than
this from an American woman! The
indignities he inflicted upon her were
of ihe most odious character/.
Fancy littering her boudoir table
with gorgeous jewels from the Rue de
Eivoh for his stage favoritesjewels
to-be paid for with her money! it was
not^until he tried to make her .receive
some, of these "creatures
0 that she
put* down her foot. People who know
the.. Castellanes best would not be a
bit surprised if the count were to get
uiiTOTipio ix. unu cuuut were xo get
for herself in en-, round his wife-again with promise of
gago a to Colone son h." being good for. evermore. "H cares
being good for evermore. He cares
nothing for her. Jjut, of course, her
immense fortunea- goodly portion of
which he has got thruis of enormous
importance to the poverty-stricken
French nobleman, who has not a sou
with which to bless himself save what
he gets from his wife. %&
Judging^| frou the
MiMM^ddi
MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER n, igo6^
PHOTOGKAPHBNT
DESERT
fike
^roujsrci
?-A AIGE:RIAL
ground may be used for a summer crop
melons. I is not a substitute for
alfalfa, which is perennial. Berseem
is now growings in the valley of the
Colorado ri^fer. Pfl* :h
An Experience in Bohemia.
The work of toe explorer was as deli
cate as it was difficult. Skill and di
plomacy were required to enter a for
eign land and carry, off the seeds or
plants that might make the United
States a rival. Mr. Fairchild's experi
ence -in the hop-growing region of Bo
hemia-, was typical. Every year the
American brewers import vast ^quanti
ties of Bohemian hops because "they
give beey^a super^r^lavor. ".Why Hot
grow thel^^oprtn**ii^rica.f
XJ
Mr. FairchjiqT' Arriving at Saaz,. a
quaint little Aowig 4$* the heart of the
hop -district?-he" f$urid thtfC'the growers
would net "sell ansy hop j'cuttingSj._ fear
ing competition.
/Finally he persuaded,one of them, to
secured
-7
some cuttings which were
packe at midnight in a barn arid
shipped as glassware to an agent' at
Hamburg. These hops are now being'1
bred to the sturdy .California hops and
the experts expect to secure a substi
tute for the imported variety.
Adventures: in Exploration.
A California fruitgrower appealed to
the department for icitron cuttings. Mr.
Fairchild went to Corsica, the home of
the citron. He found that the Cor
sicans had the same objection to the.
removal of cuttingB as the Bohemian
hop growers.
While waiting for the mayor of a
small town Mr. Fairchild amused him
self by taking photographs of the na
tives. Suddenly a hand was clapped
on his shoulder, and he turned to face
a gendarme who placed him under ar
rest. He was marched to a filthy jail
where he was charged with being' an
Italian spy. Unfortunately he had no
passport, and he could not very well
confess that he was an agricultural
explorer seeking to transplant one of
the island's choicest products to the
United States. The police discovered
a notebook with Italian agricultural
notes, and this confirmed their suspi
cions. Finally Mr. Fairbanks discovered
that he had a green check of the de
partment of agriculture. It was long
and official looking. Flashing this. in
the face of the guard, he exclaimed:
"This is my passport!." The guard
large number of well-known Amer
icans heremany of whom are look
ing for houses or flatsLondon is un
questionably taking the place of Paris
in their hearts. I am told that several
of the sumptuous new flats which are
being termed "the home of million
aires" are being built on the site of
the late Duke of Cambridge's house
near Hyde Park corner, are to be
rented by Americans. In. fact, the syn
dicate which own the block say it is
Americans they are trying to catch for
tenants, and it is their luxurious
tastes which the architect and build
ers are keeping in view as the man
sion blossoms forth. Central heating
and other American notions are being
introduced in short, these new flats
will be miniature Fifth avenue apart
ment houses planted in Piccadilly.
Motor Bus Hurts Property.
Unless some young and innocent
wealthy American can be induced to
take it, Otto Beit will have a hard
task to find a tenant for the house he.
inherited from his brother, Alfred, in
Park Lane. Notwithstanding the fact
that some of the most famous man
sions in the world are'on this avenue,
the street as an abode of wealth and
fashion is doomed.
Its ultimate abandonment by this
class is daily brought nearer' owing
to the increasing motor omnibus traffic
thru it which lasts all day and more
than half the night. The weird com
bination of noises made by these ve
hicles racks the nerves and renders
repose impossible.. On the quiet many
millionaires -are trying to dispose of
their houses in Park Lane.
For example, Sir Ernest Cassel,
whose guest* the- king has been on sev
eral occasions lately, has been trying
to float a company- to turn that sump
tuous mansion, Brook House, which
.he acquired only about a year ago
into a hotel. He could however, get no
one to take it up.,Altho it waB a pal
ace when he bought it, he has ever
since been spending money upon it and
today it is the most
princelya
London. It takes1
ektrabrdinary
.&*r
&H
%*Wi
5* :X?'4^',i
!&&
W%
Mrw
,&t*5>!K
\%T
saic
house in
more than prophet
to foretell what may happen in one
year in London! Twelve months ago the
motor omnibus was unknown in our
Uirects.^^-',. Lady Mary.
A New Salad from Japan.
~i L,.-45fc" ^.'4--
On one occasion Mr. Lathrop and Mr.
Fairchild were dining with an Ameri
can lady at Yokohama. When the
salad was served it was found to be
made of thin shavings from a blanched
plant. With French, dressing, it was
most appetizing.
"This salad is fine," said Mr. Loth
rop, "I've never eaten it before. What
is.it?"
"Just a Japanese plant called udo
that I have adapted," replied the host
ess. "The Japanese cook it, but I
tried it with dressing, and it proved to
be a good salad.''
The next day the explorers made a
tour in rickshaws and found udo in
abundance. It looks like a shrub and
renews itself like alfalfa. Some of it,
grown near Seattle, Wash., has been
served in New York and Philadelphia
hotels. A thousand people are now
growing and using it in various parts
of the United States. It is a substi
tute for asparagus, with this difference,
that' all of it may be eaten.
The case of the mango is similar.
From a single tree, imported from In
dia, that survived a blizzard in Florida
in 1895, thousands of trees have been
grown in that state. Native mangoes
will soon be on 'our markets.
Forage crops and Japanese rush for
matting are being developed for the
abandoned rice fields of the Carolinas
Japanese paper plant is being intro
duced for the unused hills of North
Carolina and Georgia and Japanese
bamboo is being tried on the vast and
hitherto unproductive canebrake of the
south. Everywhere efforts are being
made to replenish jaded or useless soiL
The seed has been sown that will
CIVIL WAR VETERAN
JAKES LILY FARM PAY
One-Armed Maine Man Turns
Marshy Land Into Veritable
Garden of Eden.
Washington, Nov. 10.A one-armed
Maine veteran of the civil war is one
of tbe few examples in Washington,
D. of a man who quits Uncle Sam's
service voluntarily to branch out for
himself along entirely novel lines.
Walter B. Shaw is the soldier who,
with the handicap of the loss of a limb,
had the hardihood to give up a cer
tainty in salary to embark in a new
enterprise. Today, as the result of
Yankee shrewdness, he is, perhaps, the
most successful water lily culturist in
the country, has the distinction of hav
ing introduced, those plants in that part
of the country, and supplies the mar
kets for florists from Boston to Mont
gomery, Ala.
A few miles on the outskirts of
Washington Mr. Shaw has a lily farm.
He has converted a worthless marsh
into eight or ten handsome lakes, which
he dug himself, and produces more than
5,000 magnificent lily blooms, which' he
sells at fancy prices.
Mr. Shaw was born at Vassalboro, on
th,e Kennebec, in the land of water
lilies of hardy growth. When the civil
war Tjroke out he enlisted in the Nine
teenth Maine infantry and serve'thru
out" the '"War", altho he was fitly a
youngster. In the battle of 'Spotsyl
vania Court House, May 12, 1864, he
lost his right arm an was sent'to the
hospital. Whetf he recovered he went
to Washington, and' thru the influence
of'friends' secured"apposition as watch
man in the war department. After
waf ds "he was promoted to a clerkship
in the office of the auditor of the war
department.
When a clerk, in 1880, he bought a
Small farm near Washington, but afUp-
bi:
^fijfa
W-A
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7^
wmmm
n.4
as-
.ALG^RIA-T^T PAJLKI:
A TEKLPJE-, AHIX.
was impressed and let him go. On*
his way to the coast he stole intj a
citron grove and obtained some lent
tings. These he packed in potatbes
to evade inspection, and shipped^ to
the department of Washington.
Equally interesting was Mr. Lath
rop 's experience in obtaining tobacco
seeds in_ Sumatra, where there is a
very rigid rule against letting seeds
get outside the island, for the growers
fear American competition. Mr. Lath
rop told them frankly of his mission
and they determined that he should
have none. Finally after patient de
lay he' secured some seeds from a na
tive, put them in beer bottles, and suc
cessfully got them out of the country.
wards discovered that most of it was
marsh and that the rest wouldn't grow
anything He had always been fond
oi water lilies and tried the experiment
of importing a few from New England.
A pond about twenty feet square was
clug fed by springs, and well embanked
with gravel to keep out the muddy
water and in a short time the trans
planted New England lilies were flour
ishing Gradually he extended his
ponds, until now he has four acres of
water, all artificial, which Tiave been
produced at considerable expense.
This year Mr. Shaw will harvest
nearly 60,000 lilies, some of which, in
the early-part of the season, bring him
$6 a hundred. His profit ffom the lilies
has placed him a comfortable posi
tion already, while, in addition, he de
votes several of his artificial ponds to
the cultivation of grasses which keep
aquariums fresh, and which he ships on
a big scale all over the country. His
ponds have been stocked with black
bass, paradise fish and turtles, and the
old Maine soldier can enjoy as good a
day's sport with rod and reel from his
own doorstep as other people obtain
only by-long journeys to natural haunts
of these fish.
''This beats beinfga a government clerk,'.'
said Mr.
Shalw
MP
6
li
was visited
the other day, when his
rm
When I first experimented with New
England lilies I came to the conclusion
that they were too expensive for a fad,
and not profitable enough for business,
unless I went into the cultivation of
them on a large scale. After con
siderable deliberation I decided to' give
up the clerkship, and I'm not sorry
that I did. It doesn't pay a man to
stay in the service all his life, and five
years ago I resigned my job.
I paid about $4r,000 for my little
farm. I wouldn't take many times
that for it now. The marsh suggested
the growing of lilies. I excavated a
pond, made the banks, high, and di
rected' the flow of water from the
springs which abound on my place. In
a shOTt time I had to have more ponds,
and I "spent $3,000 digging them. All
the work had to be done by hand. I
brought a large number of lilies from
the Kennebec and crossed them-with
other varieties. Some of the hand
somest lilies I have were'produced by
myself.''
IK
WX^j
5
^JPI^TBXE^VJ F-CXD:D:EXL CACTUS
germinate a dozen new plants for near
ly every section hardy Siberian cher
ries and peaches for the northwest
hard-shelled almonds, paper-shelled wal
nuts, and pistache nuts for California
sugar beets for Nebraska rust-proof
oats for the Dakotas Bohemian horse
radish for the middle west the mango
steen for Louisiana.
We are getting new crops fo^ our
new lands toohardy FifflfeshoaWand
turnips to grow in- the short summers
on Alaska^ sisal plant (for twine), ban
anas and mangoes for Hawaii, and
mangoes, rice and cocoa plants-for Edr
to Bico.
Propagating the New Crops.
Sending seeds and cuttings is merely
the first step in the process of plant
introduction. On the grounds of the
department of agriculture at Washing
ton is the propagating house where the
plants, gathered all the way from In
dian jungles to Siberian steppes, are
bred and developed. In the receiving
room you will see bundles of date palm
shoots that have scorched in the Alge
rian sun. In the hothouse every bed
of groWmg plants tells a story of agri
cultural adventure. In the center, with
its vivid red flowers nodding from
graceful stems, is the Manchurian seed
less persimmon, grafted rn the ordinary
American stock. Next door is a younw
Japanese loquat tree, a new fruit des"
tmed for American orchards that rep
resents a blending of Japanese and Al
gerian varieties. A little farther is a
young pistache tree from the Levant, a
famous dry-land nut that is expected
to grow in California. Near at hand is a
bed of delicate green sprouts as fragile
as ferns. It is the Japanese rush plant
brought over by Mr. Fairchild, who ex
pects it to grow in such quantities that
we snail be able to weave our own mat
ting instead of importing $5,000,000
worth every year from Japan. \n
American has already invented the ma
chine for weaving. Another Japanese
plant being developed is the. Mitsumata
paper plant, which is made into paper
that the Japanese use for the roofs and
walls of their houses. But no plant is
richer possibilities than the Mexican
sisal from which twine is made We
import millions of dollars worth of it
every year.
Thousands of applications are re
ceived every week from people in all
sections asking for new plants for every
kind of soil. If a man, for example,,
wants a fodder crop for irrigated land,
he gets the new alfalfa or berseem.
Many new plants are introduced with
the co-0jteratiqa.4* experiment stations,
which ha^j&electe-d listB of reliable
people who are. willing to try" new
crops} Of course mich'W_eHTestablMi'ed-(S
crop*as durum^wheat, Turkestj&i alfalfa,
Japanese ricqftnd even some mangoes
have passed the stage of distribution
and are in-the trade.
Every seed or plant introduced con*
tributes a chapter to the history of the
work. By means of a card index a rec-,
ord is kept of every detail. Now sup-VI,
pose a man in Florida writes for some
mangoes. I will at first be ascertained
if he has secured plants before. This is
accessible from the correspondence file.
If he has not an investigation is made
of his reliability, for no, seeds and
plants are distributed to people who
grow for mere curiosity. If the man
is found to be all right, investigation
is made whether mangoes will grow in
that climate. Assuming that they can
be grown, he is furnished with cuttings.
With the cuttings is sent a blank .form
to be filled out with the record of trans
planting. The applicant's name is put
on a card, and with it is filedthe rec
ord that he returns. Thus there is ob
tained a complete record of the plant,
from the time it is brought'over from
some foreign land, until, it has been
tried and produces results in an Ameri
can garden.
Of the work Mr. Fairchild says: I
feel that there is no government ex
penditure which more directly affects
the wealth-producing power of the
country than this one. It means that
the American farmer is no longer tied
to the few. crops that his forefathers
knew. It gives him the material with
which to experiment. He ceases to be
a plodder along old lines and becomes
an intelligent investigator. He is,.
emancipated from the one-crop idea.
And the whole world is coming to his
aid."
DEAD MAM'S JEST 1
SURPRISES RELATIVES
Came to His Funeral Expecting
Fortune Each, but Were
Sadly Disappointed.
Paris, Nov. 10.There has just diecl
at Belley an old gentleman of 72, woh
during his lifetime was notorious for-:4|
his eccentric and miBerly habits, tho'
he was in possession of an Income of
$4,000. His funeral was attended by
a large number of relatives, who were
astonished to discover only a few cop
pers in the house after "the funeral.
The will was then opened, and it read
as follows:
"My dear relatives, I am afraid you
are going to be disappointed. I know
that none of you have any sort of af
fection for me, and that iff you come to
my funeral it will be in the hope of
dividing up between you whatever I
may leave behind me. I now inform
you that I have left no money what
ever. I sank the whole of my fortune
some years ago in a life annuity. All
the money that remained over and
above what I spent of the annuity I
have given away or burned, in order
that you should not have it. I hoper
this will be a little surprise for you.
A search revealed, however, $7,500
worth of annuity stock, the coupons of
which appeared to have remained un
paid but on going to the bank to have
these coupons cashed, the heirs dis
covered that the coupons had been
paid, but at the special request of the
old gentleman, who had given a separ-
ate receipt for each coupon, they had
not been canceled. "This is only a
little surprise I am keeping back for
my heirs," he said.
I appears that on the occasion of the
annual village festival this year the
old gentleman deliberately. Burned
$10,000 worth of bank note,s, which he
found he had been unable to spend.

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