Newspaper Page Text
Specia to The Journal.
UNWATERED FIELD OF RYE NEAR QLENDIVE.
Mont., Nov. 10.It is
only since the extension of the
irrigate area became difficult
because of the using up of the water
supply, or for the engineering diffi
culties, that any extensive experiments
have been made on the semi-arid lands
in Montana by the process known as
"dry-land farming" or "dry farm
ing. It is true that in the Gallatin
valley and perhaps in other regions of
the state the fertile bench lands had
been used to a limited extent for the
growing of fall wheat without irriga
tion. Good crops were raised and the
wheat showed a fine quality, but the
process was regarded as somewhat un
certain, a makeshift for want of irriga
Careful investigation into the sub
ject of dry farming by the United
States experiment station here began
four years ago when an investigator
was sent out to visit all the ranchers
in the Gallatin valley to inquire in de
tail into their methods and results.
The statistics gathered at this time
IS RftITT TALLEST
MAN IN NORTHWEST?
!vance3 ClaimsGets English
Fo^June of $50,000..
Northwest Tall Man and Heir of a Com
fortable Old World Estate.
Special to The Journal.
Aberdeen, S. D., Nov. 10.The tall
est man in the northwest is believed to
be Clinton Raitt of this city. He is
a trifle more than seven feet in height,
and, according to his own statement,
has not yet stopped growing.
A few weeks ago Eaitt was left a
fortune of $50,000 in England thru the
death of his mother. At that time he
was a police officer on the local force.
He resigned, and, accompanied by a
friend, went to his old home in the
tight little island, with the intpution of
remaining away at least a year and
making a tour of Europe and the far
east. He went to England, settled up
the estate and started with his com
panion for-- Paris, where they spent a
few days. They wero like stranded
shim in a gale and, after taking in the
sights, made their way back to Calais,
where they boarded a steamer for
Dover, returned to London, and soon
after left for Liverpool where they
took a steamer for New York. They
spent a few dajs in Chicago and then
returned to this city.
Explaining why he abandoned his
contemplated trip thru the far east,
Eaitt said that when he found himself
among strangers in France and failed
to understand much the language,
he suddenly experienced a longing for
the old scenes in Brown county and
the flat country around Aberdeen. He
said that nothing could stop him and
he did not feel satisfied until he landed
Eiatt will invest his money in Brown
county land and expects to remain
here, but not as a member of the police
i? ACC1DENTALL SHOT.
Special to The Journal.
Crystal Falls, Mich., Nov. 10.Ed-
ward Nelson, fore-man of the Chicago
& North-Western steel gang- at Waters
meet, was accidentally shct by John
Vantwood, an engineer, and for a time
it was feared he had been mortally
wounded. Vantwood waff shooting at
a mark on an old icehouse and did not
showed that the area devoted to dry
farming in this vicinity was large ana
was growing rapidly, and that the
crops made it very profitable, tho the
yield bushels to the acre of the dif
ferent kinds of grain was not so large
as on irrigated land.
The results seemed to promise so
much that investigations were at once
begun and have been continued and
expanded until this is one of the most
important fields of investigation which
the station has in hand.
Conservation of Moisture.
..The theory of dry farming is that
if the annual rainfall is seven inches
or more, and if this moisture can be
kept in the soil for the crops and is
not wasted by evaporation or other
wise, a. crop of grain can be matured.
Seven inches of moisture is enough for
the crop if the crop can get it all.
Many western regions with three times
this annual rainfall are dependent upon
irrigation, because the natural moist
ure supply is allowed to escape. The
problem of dry farming is therefore
REDSKINS ONE BY DNE
How a Desperate Iowa Frontiers
man Revenged the Murder
of His Wife.
Special to The Journal.
Webster City, Iowa, Nov. 10.The
death of Mrs. Barbara Maricle near
Des Moines recalls to many a Hamil
ton county pioneer some stirring events
of an early day. From 1848 until 1880
the Maricle family lived west of Strat
ford in Webster county on the banks
of the Des Moines river.
To early settlers any mention of the
Maricle family recalls also the name
of a Mr. Lot who resided on the old
Maricle farm prior to its purchase
by them. Lot was an Indian fighter
and once trailed a band of seven In
dians from his farm in Webster county,
some fifty miles north to Livermore,
where he crept upon them one night as
they slept and killed every one. The
Indians were camped upon a creek and
from this bloody deed the creek was
named after Lo tand today is desig
nated on the maps at Lot's creek.
One day while Lot was away from
home a band of Indians swooped down
upon his little log house and toma
hawked his wife and left her corpse
in the cabin. His little boy ran from
the house at the first alarm and hid
in a hollow tree. The Indians were
unable to find him and soon departed.
When Lot returned home the follow
ing day all his kindlier feelings were
banished by the horrible sight. With
his heart as hard as flint he took his
little boy to the home of a friend and
made provision for his keeping in ease
he- should never return. Then, arming
hims"elf, he Btarted doggedly upon the
trail of the savages. On the second
night he came upon the band. They
were encamped on a little creek in
Humboldt county near where the town
of Livermore now stands.
Lot bided his time until the savages
were asleep. Then he entered the camp
stealthily. One swing of his hatchet
at each recumbent form was enough.
So quickly and surely was the work
done that none of the Indians awoke
and when Lot left tne camp he left
behind him the corpses of every mem
ber of the band who had attacked his
home and taken the life of his wife.
It was shortly after this bloody
day's work that the Maricle family
came to this section of Iowa. They
came in a prairie schooner from Penn
sylvania and purchased the farm west
of Stratford from Lot.
CROSSES OCEAN FOR BRIDE.
Ontonagon, Mich., Nov. 10.Rev.
S. D. Eva of Hermansville, Menominee
county, is .iourneving across the Atlan
tic to claim a bridethe culmination
of a romance of several years. He is
on his way to Launceston, Eng., where
he will be married to Miss Ethel M.
Lnxton, principal of the school at that
place, and an accomplished young wo
above picture was taken in front of the
administration building of the State"
me tbods for securing this result
in Montana do not differ from those
used elsewhere. The surface of the soil
is kept loose so that there is always a
layer of finely pulverized soil at the
top which is a poor conductor, so that
the loss from evaporation is minimized.
At the same time any moisture that
falls is at once absorbed into the'loose
soil and does not run off as it might
from a hard surface. The processes in
use for keeping the surface loose are
the same employed in other semi-arid
Cropped Every Other Year.
But aside from methods of conserv
ing the moisture, there are many other
ways in which the farmer may help
to insure his crop, and these form an
important phase of scientific experi
mentation. For instance, in this state
it has been proved that in most cases
it is wiser to crop the land only every
alternate year. In the fallow year,
however, the land is plowed early" and
Mrs. Kehoe of Nebraska Congrat
ulated by Members of the Inter
state Commerce Commission
for Her "Winning Fight.
Special to The Journal.
Omaha, Neb., Nov. 10.In a fight
lasting ten years, Mrs. Kate A. Kehoe
of Platte Center, Neb., has beaten and
put to flight the Nebraska grain trust,
the mpst nefarious combination in the
west. Today Mrs. Kehoe is prosper
ous and successful, while the great
grain men who control the Nebraska
grain trust are dodging around in their
efforts to escape the summons server
and the federal "grand juries.
The story of, Mrs. Kehoe was brought
out in the recent investigation into the
grain trade in the west before the in
terstate commerce commission at its
Omaha session, and at its close, the
commissioners congratulated Mrs. Ke
hoe upon the remarkable fight which
she has made against the big combina
And while the fight has been going
on, MTS. Kehoe has risen from a
"shovel house," to be the owner of
two big grain elevators and from han
dling a few wagon-loads of corn, she
is now one of the largest grain buyers
along the line of the Union Pacific rail
A Railroad Fighter, Too.
In addition to her fight with the
grain trust, Mrs. Kehoe has been
obliged to fight the railroads for her
supply of cars in which to ship her
grain, as well as to whip the members
of the Omaha and other grain ex
changes into line, thus forcing for her
sel a market for her grain, once she
had purchased it.
Ten years ago, when Mr. Kehoe died,
about the only asset he left to his
widow was a small grain business
transacted thru a "shovel house." In
gram parlance a "shovel house" is a
dealer who buys from the farmers and
shovels the grain into a warehouse, af
terwards shoveling it into a railroad
car, instead of handling the business
thru an elevator. Every elevator man
considers it his business'to "down" a
"shovel house" wherever he can do it.
Mrs. Kehoe continued the "shovel
house" business and in addition, she
opened an implement house, selling all
sorts of farming implements.
How the Trouble Begun\
Then the grain trust got after her
They wanted, her to quit buying grain
from the farmers. She refused to give
up her business and the trust began
"work" against her. Her customers
in the cities were coerced into refusing
to buy from her. She met this attack
by securing new customers in Mem
phis, St. Louis and other cities.
Then the railroads began shutting off
her supply of freight cars. She was
compelled to sit idly by and watch her
Faribault Minn/ NoV. '10.-^The fSchool for Feeble-minded'antf shows
the whole system of Jmiidinsto from the
sunerintendent's cottage to the power-
NON-IRRIGATED BARLEY. SOWN APRIL 15. 1906, AND CUT JULY 15 THIRTY POUNDS OF SEED TO THE ACRE'
YIELD, FORTY BUSHELS AN ACRE FOR 200 ACRES.
the conservation of moisture in the
the surface is kept loose, being culti
vated after each rain.
Toe effect of this is to get the rain
fall of two years to mature one crop.
The time of planting and harvesting is
also regulated by the moisture supply,
and by early planting for both fall and
spring crops the winter moisture sup
ply, which is usually larger than in any
other season, is most fully utilized.
These cropsA are mature and ready for
harvesting from one to two-and-a-half
months before the crops grown on ad
joining irrigated landa matter of im
portance where the growing season is
short and the late crops are interfered
with by autumn frosts and storms.
Less Seed Required.
Experiment has shown, too, that for
dry land much less seed an acre must
be sown. If the land is heavily seeded,
the moisture is all used up in making
heavy stalks and the grain is not ma
tured before the hot midsummer months.
For wheat, 45 pounds an acre is about
the upward limit, and for oats 25 to
30 pounds an acre. For irrigated lands
WOMAN WINS LON BATTLE
WITH A GIANT GRAIN TRUST
MRS. KATE KEHOE,
Who Whipped the Nebraska Grain Trust
In a Ten-Year Fight.
competitors load car after car, while
none was given to her. She took the
matter up direct with the general man
agers of the railroads and got her share
of the empties.
Then the trust raised prices on her.
Prices at Platte Center were several
cents above the selling prices at Oma
ha and Chicago. What the trust lost
at Platte Center it made up at other
points. Mrs. Kehoe had no other point,
and here she was forced to close her
shovel house temporarily. But just as
soon as prices returned to the normal
she opened for business again and her
old customers came back to her. Every
littie bit prices went up and she would
drop out of the game until prices went
back to a business standpoint.
Bait of Trust Refused.
Failing to run her out of business,
the trust invited her to come in'' and
share with them the results of the
"fleece." She ordered the emissary
from her office in indignant refusal.
But Mrs. Kehoe turned this last ef
fort of the trust to good account, and
by showing the farmers in that vicin
ity that the trust raised prices only
to eliminate competition, after which
the price of grain would fall below the
regular market, she secured their co
operation, and thereafter, when the
trust raised prices above the regular
SCENE AT A BAND CONCERT FOR DEFECTIVES OF THE STATE
STATE SCHOOL AT FAR,)BAULT FOR THE FEEBLE MINDED-HOW THE PUPILS ARE ENTERTAINED ON A SU MM& '3tif\
h-onse. The administration building is
the oldest of the group. In it are the
postoffice, telephone exchange and all
here the average number of pounds is
about twice this. For the dry land,
too, the seed must be planted deep,
with a drill seeder. Broadcast plant
ing has been a complete failure.
A large part of the efforts of the
station is directed to the discovery of
those special crops, and especially those
varieties of the different grains and
ropt crops that can give the best re
sults under dry-land conditions. Large
numbers of varieties of wheat, barley,
oats, rye and sugar beets have been
tested this year, and the results are
soon to be published in a bulletin.
In order that all parts of the state,
where dry farming is possible, might
get direct benefit, the station has main
tained experimental farms in several
different sections where the various
tests are carried on simultaneously, and
the effect of slightly varying condi
tions noted. These stations were twen
ty-five miles north of Glendive, six
I miles north of Forsyth, thirty miles
I north of Billings, in what is known
How Threats and Bribes Failed
to Coerce a Plueky Woman
Who Has Built Up a Large
markets the farmers continued selling
their grain to Mrs. Kehoe at the regu
Her "Shovel House" Burned.
Then, one night, the "shovel house"
burned. It was set on fire, but no one
was ever punished for it.
Forty-eight hours after the fire con
tractors started building a' fine new
gram elevator along the railroad track,
and in a short time Mrs. Kehoe had one
of the most modern grain elevators in
that portion of the state. After a year
or two she built another elevator in
Tarnow, Neb., and went into the grJLin
business on a large scale.
The trust kept up its fight against
her, but her methods with the farmers
and buyers were so "square" and her
business was operated with so much sa
gacity that she has continued to run her
fixators in spite of the combination
that has ruined so many small dealers.
Today Mrs. Kehoe owns two eleva
tors, a first-class grain business, a big
implement and seedhouse, the fineBt res
idence in her county, and is the big
gest business "man" in Platte Center.
JUBILEE BY TURNERS
New Ulm Turnverein Is 60 Years Old
Special to The Journal.
New Ulm, Minn., Nov. 10.-The New
Ulm Turnverein, the oldest society of
turners in Minnesota, is to celebrate its
golden jubilee, beginning tomorrow
and representatives of other societies
in many parts of the country are here
to take part. The national organization
will be represented by several of its
officers. The program for the celebra
tion provides for literary exercises, with
addresses by speakers of prominence
and athletic events and contests for
SAMPLES SUPPORT CLAIMS
Iron Ore Deposits in Sudbury Country
Look to Be Important.
Special to The Journal.
Marquette, Mich.. Nov. 10..J
Flynn and A. D. Gilles have returned
to the Soo from a trip about forty
miles northwest of Sudbury, Ont
where they had been for over two
weeks uncovering and testing an iron
ore deposit. They report a large
showing of high-grade magnetite and
hematite of Bessemer qualitv, and the
samples they brought with "them tend
to bear out their claims. The deposit
is only four miles from the main line
of the Canadian Pacific railwav.
the business offices.
The picture shows how the children
are amused and entertainod. ^The
SUGAR BEETS WITHOUT IRRIGATION NEAR QLENDIVE.
as the lake basin country these were
along the line of the Northern Pacific.
There were also thTee stations on the
Great Northern, one sixteen miles south
east of Great Falls, one six miles south
west of Shelby, and the third twenty
five miles north of Harlem.
The one near Great Falls will be
abandoned this year as unfavorably lo
cated, and another site will be taken
somewhere along the line of the Great
The first experiments were under
taken by the station here in co-opera
tion with the United States department
of agriculture, which carried the heavy
end of the load last year.
Last year the state gave $500 thru
the experiment station, the United
States department $1,000 and the Great
Northern and Northern Pacific each
$1,500. This year all the work was un
der the charge of the local station,
I which again gave $500, but the rail
roads gave $2,500 each. They have
pledged themselves to give as much for
next year, so that the work will go
I on without restriction.
OCTOBER A RECORD
MONTH FOR COPPER
$4,400,000 Worth of the Red Metal
Was Mined in Michigan
Special to The Journal.
Calumet, Mich., Nov. 9.Lake Su
perior mines produced approximately
20,000,000 pounds of refined copper last
month, more than was turned out in
any previous month in the history of
the district. On the basis of 22 cents
a pound, which was the average price
of the lake brands of copper last month,
the October production was worth
Notwithstanding the enormous con
sumptive demand for the red metal and
the desire of the mining companies
to sell as much copper at the high prices
as they possibly can, the increase' in
the total production of the Lake Su
perior district for 1906 will be inconse
quential. Labor strikes, accidents,
fires and scarcity of labor have com
bined to restrain operations in Michi
gan and some of the important produc
ers will show an actual decrease in their
The record-breaking output of the
Lake Superior copper district last
month was due primarilv to the note
worthy increases in production at the
Quincy, Baltic, Trimdyntain and Cham
pion mines. The Allouez, Centennial
and Tamarack mines also enlarged their
production, as likewise did the Frank
Great Month for the Quincy.
Last month's output of the Quincy
was, with one exception, the largest of
any month in its history. Bock ship
ments to the stamp mill are now at the
rate of 3,900 tons daily, larger than
ever before, and November should wit
ness a further gain In copper produc
All three Copper Range Consolidated
mines showed good gains in their pro
duction last month. The Champion
leads the trio in the size of its prod
uct, but the Trimountain showed the
greatest gain, its output being more
than 100 tons larger than the previous
month's. The combined production of
tho three mines was 3,750,000 pounds of
refined copper, which is at the rate of
45.000,000 pounds a vear.
Extraordinary activity exists in the
building line in the copper country be
cause of the prosperous condition of the
copper industry. At the North Kear
sarge mine the Osceola Consolidated
company has had twenty new dwellings
erected and twenty houses have been
built at the Ahmeek.
VOTED FROM INVALID CHAIR.
Special to The Journal.
Fort Dodge, Iowa, Nov. 10.Defying
age and infirmitv. Christopher Arnold,
a well-known pioneer resident, was
wheeled to the election booth here Tues
day in an invalid chair. He voted in
the Lincoln election and purposes to
keep on voting to the end of the chap
ter. He is a rheumatic cripple and can
scarcely move a hand.
band, which is under the leadership of
J. L. Steppan, is one of the best in the
The funds thus provided are ade
quate to carry out the five years' series
of experiments as planned in 1904.
Results in Oregon.
Results elsewhere give some idea of
what may be expected here. Near Pen
dleton, Ore., where the?e are only seven
inches annual precipitation, land is now
selling at $70 an acre. In Utah, which
anticipated the work of Montana in
this direction by a year or two, 200,000
acres have been brought under culti
vation by the dry-land methods in the
past two years%
Last season in Montana, in the vi
cinity of Culbertson, on the Great
Northern, over seven hundred home
stead filings on non-irrigable land were
made. The Northern Pacific has just
decided to reopen 200,000 acres in east
ern Montana as a result of the success
achieved by the station experiments
No others of the Rocky mountain
states have yet gone much beyond those
mentioned in this problem" and none
probably have more to gain from its
effective solution than Montana.
WEBB NO DEVOTEE OF
New Bishop of the Milwaukee
Diocese Will Reverse Policy
1'- 'i MST Vffli
|%**r~r ii JlimWK~-
BISHOP WALTER W. WEBB,
Foe of the High Church Rites Intro
duced in Wisconsin.
Special to The Journal.
Milwaukee, Nov. 10.The elevation
of Bishop Coadjutor Walter W. Webb,
a Philadelphian by birth, and a New
Englander by education, to the head of
the Milwaukee diocese means a certain
tho unostentatious step backward from
the course toward the adoption in the
west of the high church rites so long
advocated by the late Bishop Nichol
Bishop Webb will be promoted early
December, and with this service will
come the first of the lower church cere
monies. Bishop Nicholson has long been,
with Bishop Grafton of Fond du Lac,
a devotee of the high church crusade.
Bishop Grafton has even worked for an
alliance with the Greek Catholic
church. Bishop Nicholson was not so
radical, but he was sufficiently ad
vanced to have ceremonies in his ca
thedral so formal that but for the lan
guage in which the service was intoned,
there would be little difference from
the Roman Catholic cathedral.
Nearer to the People.
Bishop Webb has not sympathized
with this movement. His ideal is a
more missionary spirit in the church
a getting down to the common people,
rather than an appeal to the wealthier
folks by an extravagance in ritual and
Bishop Webb was Philadelphia born
and was graduated from the University
of Pennsylvania. Then he went to
New England, first as a student at
Trinity college, Hartford, Conn., then
to the Berkeley divinitv school. He
was ordained to the deaconate by tho
bishop of New Hampshire, and*later
elevated to the priesthood by the bish
op of Connecticut. He had hoped to
work in the Maine woods, but his old
friends in Philadelphia called him back
and he became assistant at the Church
of the Evangelists, Philadelphia, and
later rector of St. Elizabeth's. In 1903
he came west as a teacher at Nashotah
A year ago b was made bishop- coad-
jutor, against the vote of the clergy,
with the support o the low churchmen
in the laity. Now h is in charge of
WINONA CATHOLIC JTJBILEB
Golden Anniversary of the Church to Be
Winona, Minn., Nov. 10.Durin the
three days -beginning tomorrow rh.e'pre-
cathedral in this city will be the scene
of-noteworthy ceremonies in celebration
of the goldpn jubilee of the establish
ing of the Catholic church in this local
ity. Foremost among distinguished
churchmen who have accepted invita
tions to .tak'e parotPare Archbishop Ire,
landx ofF St. Paul, Bishop O'Gorman of
state Kt wmfitt tWjTltak op &Sia"ot)SX
McGolric of Du-
luth, Bishop Shanlev of