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1F. OF ENDS
Late Federation's First
Declaration of Principles
TwelYe Days' Session of
26th Annual Gonveitio^
Participation in Politics for
at Least a Year/
Unionism Still the Dom
HE twenty-sixth annual conven
tion, of the American Federation
of Labor, which began its ses
sions in Normanna hall Nov. 12. was ad
journed late yesterdav. Last night the
vanguard of the departing delegates
left Minneapolis, and by tonight all but
a few stragglers will be gone.
For twelve days 313 delegates, repre
senting the estimated total of 2,000,000
organized workers- in the United States,
assembled to discuss matters ranging
from a split infinitive in a resolution to
the policy whiWi the mighty force be
hind them should pursue on questions of
national importance. Allowing each
delegate $8 a day in expense money and
adding the $2,000 raised by the local
unions for their entertainment, the esti
mated cost of this gathering is about
$3o,0Q0. Among its results are the fol
Results of Convention.
For one vear, at teast, and 'furobaWy*
longer, the trades union will .actively
participate in politics. It will not be a
distinct party, but a mighty body of
independent voters c&sting their baliots
for the men and measures favorable to
them and against the men and meas
ures unfavorable to them, without re
gard for tart lines or affiliations,.
Socialism has been utterly defeated
in its attempt to draw the trades union
movement into its party. Uverv reso
lution offered savoring of socialism in
any way was voted down. More than
this, every resolution coming from a
socialist source was killed on suspicion.
Protection for home industries was
indorsed by a small ma-jority of the
representatives of the men who work in
the protected industries. Two resolu
tions calling for a raise in the tariff
Schedules to protect American working
men from foieign competition were not
only passed but reaffirmed by the vot
ing down of a motion to reconsider. One
resolution calling for the reduction of
the tariff as a war measure against the
steel trust failed to pass.
Trades Unionism Dominant.
Trades unionism as exemplified by the
component bodies of the federation has
been given the preference over the in
dustrialism of the Knights of Labor.
This was most conspicuously evidenceu
by the refusal of the convention to
foice the firemen, engineers and team
sters employed in and about breweries
into the brewers' union, and by the
granting of a charter to the steam-fit
ters as a trade distinct from the plumb
Conservatism triumphed in all cases.
While there was much indiscriminate
abuse of the courts, the legislative and
executive departments and the militia
on the floor, little if any of it was al
lowed to creep into the official utter-'
ances of the federation.
Conciliation has been adopted as the
policy of the federation in the hand
ling of all internal disputes. This fact
is emphasized by the cbangeio^ the ti|ta,
".rrin* committee/ && "adjii seP
tee." ^T^M _/
THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP EIGHT PABTS AWD THE JOURNAL JUNIOR. SEE THATTOTJ nnv rarew *.*re
s%i 1 W i 1 Jal
be beyond comprehension.
the great spring wheat belt.
Principles of'at^T. of L.
Definite form has TBee%ffiven to the
principles of the federation for the first
time in its existence of twenty-six
years, by the adoption of a formal plat
Investigation before attack has been
established as the policy of the federa
tion by the reference of all proposed
boycotts, chief among tl\em one against
the Associated Press and the Western
Union Telegraph company, to the ex
ecutive council for action.
Farmers have been recognized as hav
ing interests in common with the toil
ers of the city and the "farmers''
union,'' the American Society^ of
Equii has been admitted to a quasi
affiliation with the federation.
Wor-dn's suffrage, correction of
abuses in the use and issuance of in
junctions, world peace, initiative and
referendum, international exchange of
CREW FOR THE MINNESOTA
Washington, Nov. 24 The bureau of
navigation of the navy department is
assembling the crew of the battleship
Minnesota, which is shortly to be put in
commission. Her builders report her
nearly ready for delivery to the govern
ment and the officers and crew will be
placed aboard her so that they may be
come familiar with the ship in readiness
for her first cruise. Minnesota will be on
the north Atlantic station for some
SNOW BLANKET NOW COMMR$
GORGE OF GRAIN AT NEW ROCK FORD N. D
With eight elevators In the town, all filled with grain which the railroads are neglecl
Rile the surplus of wheat on the ground. The grain gorge in North Dakota'since
WHY DO RAILROADS M&tT
TO MOVE THIS YEAR'S !|#S?
HAT is the matter with the railroads of the northwest?
In years when there have been no better crops the
All this-is wealth quickly convertible under ordinary c6n&tionsinfo coin!*The0"oujsjia 1 believes
the northwest is entitled to the use of the new wealth which it'has produced^
mt the railroads are not moving the crops. Theypare4-y|nf up this wetffclfcjifce ^dtilife^ei^ie
prober ias done all he could to get it to market by delivering it to th^earesV s&^ftfcg*
did in th& aame period last year.
'And the golden grain is waiting in the bursting elevators up along the We.
"Why? Thousands of farmers are asking that question
There was no more preliminary talk,o a car shortage this year than there is ordinarily? Ih facf
several of the roads announced-that they had increased their ear and motive power equipment. 'Miles of
available storage tracks preclude any argument that terminal facilities are inadequate.
Is the failure to move the crop due to a deliberate policy adopted by all the roads?
Is their remarkable unanimity in permitting the grain to pile up due to a ^esire to wait till Take
navigation closes when they can have the long haul clear to tidewater?
Is a frenzied covetousness for dividends prompting them to refuse to haul an adequate number or
"empties" into the country? Empties do not earn money they decrease the income "per ton per
mile." an item which the Wall street speculator scans with minute care.
These are the questions suggested by the present situation.
For the sake of'^he most prosperous area of the United Statesthe greatest wealth producing
areaT heJournal will do what it can to furnish the answer to the questipns. The people have'the
right to know. They are invited to send in factsnot surmises, Jmt facts. If a mass of facts bearing on
the transportation can be collected it may be possible to make some deductions so close to the truth that
the roads can delay no longer.
It is something worth working for.
Filled to the Roofs and Grain 'Sv^Mmstn
Useless Heaps on Ground, Yet Roads "Do
ActPertinent Queries Suggested.
Once they prided themselves on being the vital factors in developing t|e great spring wheat
Have they abandoned that policy? /$ *$'*'
Here is a picture from New Rockford, N. D., where,eight elevators are full and a grea|hia of wheat
is piled to overflowing under the open sky. The bin is 72 feet wide, 160 feet long and 24 ^et deep It
holds 112,000 bushels.
Thru the rlorthwest there are no less than 60 stations where grain is simalarljr^eapjsfi up on the
bushels grain. This year it has had 35 empty cars allotted to it in which it might ship p'ilibly 35^000
bushels. i i
The elevators of St. Thomas are full to the roofs. So are hundreds of eje^jfors
ST. PAUL'S IS CRUMBLING
By Publishers' Press.
London, Nov. 24.The towers of St.
Paul's cathedral are cracking in several
places and the pillars supporting the dome
have settled from six to eight inches. Sir
Richard Wren's masterpiece rests on the
upper soil and the dilapidations are at
tributed to subway excavations and the
vibration from passing trains. A huge
sewer, which requires large excavations,
has also already reached the churchvard,
and the dean and chapter are frantically
appealing to the council to stop the work.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESO^M^Ul#k*MORNING, NOVEMBER"^, 1906. I
little town of St. Thomas, N. D., 'i&ips 75a,000
Thousands of business men in-^U lines repeat the
WAVE OF HEAT IN LONDON
New York Herald Special Cable Service. Copy
right, 1808, by the .New York HeraW.
London, Nov. 24 A series of harp
meteorological changes have once* again
exemplified the vagaries of the British
climate. Following upon a mixture of
snow, frost, rain, gales and fog, the
country is experiencing a heat wave,
which allowing for the difference in the
time of year, is quite as pronounced as
that which marked the close of August
and the beginning of September.
THE ALJ^-A^RICAN ?&&&:*
Coach Root Hli It Iff Cotton for the Gamlf
fc JNBftY CITY. WIS.
Little Brown Me Ire Close
ii Mouthed but Their
F^ Flans Leak Out!
Snmmer B$sort on Oriental
Lines tc^Be Built on
Manufactnripg a Part of the
I' General Scheme-First
Special to The Journal.
ED WING, MINN., Nov. 24.
The invasion of the Mississippi
valley by the Japanese has be
gun and has been only briefly noted in
the press dispatches. A small company
hJas already discovered Bay City, Wis.,
on the Mississippi, five mile below Red
Wiirg, and located there. Many more
are to follow their countrymen in the
Rumors about the little Japs and the
great things they are to do have been
current for some time, and in order to
ascertain the facts a NJournal
A Score to Start With.
There are at "present nineteen or
twenty of the little brown men who
have their headquarters in the Tyler
house. TheiT leader is Dr. T. Kuma,
who-, with his wife and little one, direct
the affairs of the colony. In this band
are sixteen or seventeen young Japan
ese. They are all vigorous, alert and
busy, and were f&una doing carpenter
and masonwork and busy at various
other kinds of employment.
Dr. Kuma was approached, but as
soon as he was. aware that a newspa
per man was talking to him he became
very reticent. He speaks English flu
ently and said that he was a graduate
of Stanford and Clark universities, but
upon being asked what-tis plans were
in regard to Bay City, he smiled com
posedly and said he was very busy.
When he was further importuned as
to when he would have a moment to
spare, he made it very definitely un
derstood in suave, composed tones that
he had no moments to spare at any
time, at least to a newspaper man who
wanted to find out his plans.
Buy Mill and Land.
However, the facts, probabilities
ancf possibilities concerning the Japan
ese colony at Bay City are something
like this: Early last September Dr.
Kuma delivered a lecture at the Meth
odist church in Bay City. Evidently
he has had in mind the finding of a
suitable location for a Japanese colony
in this country, and made some inqui
ries as to the purchase of a plot of
ground in that vicinity. This resulted
Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column.
sentative visited Bay City to investi
gate. He found the village alive with
activity, with many new buildings go
A topic of absorbing interest to every
inhabitant of the town, and to the peo
,ple of the northwest as well, is the Japs
and what they are going to do. There
are many different stories as to their
plans and purposes.
Information regarding them was ob
tained .frort many different sourees.
Eva^tt& Was .eager to pour into one's
ears ffhat they^ljnew and what they
8amjisi|, about these pso^ who have
suddenly come into the quiet town from
the land of the mikado, except the
Japanese themselves. r? V-'K
HIGGINS HER FIANCEE
JVIME. CWLVE, s,
The famous singer, who has verified re
ports of her betrothal to a rich Ameri
can, but who withholds his name. It is
now reported that the man is Eugene
Higgins, the richest bachelor in New
IN STRIKERS- 1
Soldiers Use Sabers to Quell
Mad Mob in Hamil-
By Publishers' Press.
AMILTON, Ont., Nov. 24.The
most serious- troubles that have
taken place in conneetidn with
the streetcar strikestoccurred tonight,
when* there *waS a sdries of colt|p6iis
between the police- jan^t tlte military
aids and rioters. flf*-.'
CREW HELD TOR DISASTER
Trainmen Branded Guilty of Woodville
Wreck by Coroner's Jury
By Publishers' Press,
Valparaiso, Ind, Nov 24Sixty-one
persons perished in the Woodville, Ind.,
wreck on the Baltimore & Ohio rail
road, Nov. 12, according to the official
finding of the coroner's nury today. En
gineer Galnauer, Conductor Moste and
Bralteman Woodward were held respon
sible for the disaster. The men are, al-^
ready under arrest charged" with invol
FLOCK TO THE AEROPLANE
Paris Inventors Forsake the Old Spheri
New York Herald Special Cable Service. Copy
right, 1906, by the New York Herald.
Paris, Nov. 24Local aeronauts
threaten to stampede in the direction of
"heavier than air" headquarters an'd for
sake the good old spherical balloon. 1/C
Santos-Dumont's recent successes are
mainly responsible for this disposition
to plunge into space with an aeroplane
or similar type of flying machine.
PAIR TOD AY MONDAY, PARTLY'OLOITOT.
72 PAGESPRICE 5 CENTS.
Dispute (toer Amr.-Iay
Plunge Nations into*:/^
Prince Yo Kon&y Watnf
Japan's Ne Railroads ant
Forts Harm General
By Publishers' Press.
Scores of persons were injured in the.
melee aBd it is feared _,tfeat* gev^aj
wer& badly hurt,* .Women and. cl&dfen
are included in the list of in-jured, Sev
eral having been brutally attacked by
soldiers in a charge on the rioters.
Debris and wreckage from the battered
cars litter several of the streets.
At 10 p.m. a veritable pitched bat
tle was held in the streets, the soldiers
being forced to extreme measures to
(uell the rioters. Several rioters were
charged OH with swords before the
crowd could be dispersed. A huge mob
assembled early in .the evening, deter
mined to wreak vengeance onJ:he street
car companv, which has persisted in an
effort to run its ears despite the sttok'e.
Divert Naval Appropnatioa*&
to Roads is the De
,fiery appeal tonight* declaring
the danger of another war immi
-nent and,^ging Russia to Tie
Better prepared than before. i
Nor. la 3S
negotiation between the-,
members of the Russo-Japanese
commission, sitting here, a note of tteatet^
hostilities between the czar and the^
mikado was sounded today. "X?
The mikado's representatives main-J
tain that the Japanese have a right to:*,?
fish in the Amur river, because Japan
owns property rights in the trans-Bai
kal and Ussuri regions. This is hot- *t
4y disputed by the Russians, who points!
out that no such provision was made ia-r"
the Portsmouth treaty.
Konsky issued a x^
Japan is building four railroads,
^eti^^i^ort&n^ ri}1jiag'six forts
and-foxsipnfif new'divisioife fo? its army.
The R^sBi&n general staff is urging
the gpvernment to appply. the na^alV!^
appropriation to the double-tracking of I??
the Siberian and new Ussuri railroads, flf
arguing lhata stronger fleet is not nowf
available for eastern service as Japan ^f,
would find immediate pretext to refuse
to let Russian warships into Vladivo-I^
stok harbor. 1
Cabinet Practically Agreed.
The cabinet has practically agreea^-ll
to this suggestion and has already sub-^
mitted for the czar's approval a pro
jeet for a double-track line 8,000, I-
miles long thru the trans-Baikal
gion to the TJssuri railroad.
The government estimates
cost of the work will be $120,000
that the -1%
mile and an American syndicate, head-,'"^ "1
ed by a Chicagoan who insists that the
rolling stock be made in America, will^i
be one of the bidders.
Should it be impossible to arrango**?
satisfactorily with foreign contractors
the government will build the railroad
WIPE HATED ST. PAUL,
SO HE ASKS DIVORCE 1
Minneapolis Man Seeks Separation
ft-onrFlouxjGity Woman Who Refused
to Abide in the City Down the Biyer,
Special to The Jodrnal.
Chicago, Nov. 54.There will '3
agony in the twin cities when Edward
^firanwyn's testimony percolates to
those rival communities.
Branwvn met his wife in the Russell
yffe house of Minneapolis, aad
thought that she would be able to pre
pare and serve his meals according to
his taste, so he married her after a
short napkin courtship.
"We separated because she would,,
not leave St.*^pl," he said
FELL REVOLVER SLEW HER
Countess de la Grange Meets Strang*
Death In Nice".
New York Herald -Special Cable Service. Copy*
right, 1906, by the tfew York Herald.
Nice, Nov. 24.All Nice *$ talking
about the strange death of Countess de
}a. Grange. That well-knoWn, eccentric
perso was killed by the accidental dis
charge of a revolver which she was car
papers under her*arm7
The" accident occurred in the countess'
DfiU-rooin at Cimiez. She tripped over a
yug and.fell, discharging the revolver.
he was^jshot thru'the heart, death be--
ing almost instantaneous.
Countess de la Grange was better
A.ijfnflSm as) L*a Djl'Asco, under whi^h
iwrtne she made her debut in Paris about
872. She appeared at the Renaissance
and Bouffes theaters. She was married
to Cjomte Triple de la Grange, director, of
tbja "Nice zoological gardens, who died in
1693. Then she was married to Comte
de Lestapis, whom she divorced almost.,
bundle of business,,,,
has been in great finan
cial difficulties in connection with the
zoological gardens which she had
since her husband's deata.